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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 437-442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect of combined anterior and posterior approach and posterior median approach to treat O'Driscoll type III b fracture of ulnar coronoid process.Methods:A retrospective case control study was made on 67 patients with O'Driscoll type III b fracture of ulnar coronoid process treated in Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to January 2019, including 35 males and 32 females, aged from 21 to 61 years [(38.0±9.4)years]. Among them, 31 patients were treated with combined anterior and posterior approach for reduction and internal fixation (combined approach group), and 36 patients with median posterior elbow approach group for reduction and internal fixation (posterior elbow approach group). The operation time, amount of intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time were compared between groups. The visual analogue score (VAS), elbow joint range of motion and Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) were assessed for pain and function evaluation at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and at the last follow-up. The occurrence of complications were observed as well.Results:All patients were followed up for 12 to 28 months [(20.1±4.2)months]. There was no significant difference in operation time and VAS between the two groups ( P>0.05). The intraoperative blood loss [(133.6±20.3)ml] and fracture healing time [(12.3±1.7)months] in combined approach group were less or shorter than those in posterior elbow approach group [(144.4±22.1)ml, (13.2±2.0)months] ( P<0.05). The range of flexion and extension of elbow joint in combined approach group [(88.7±10.8)°, (111.1±13.9)°, (121.3±14.1)°, (127.1±13.3)°] was higher than that in posterior elbow approach group [(74.5±11.8)°, (97.6±12.6)°, (111.3±13.0)°, (115.2±12.7)°] at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). The MEPS in combined approach group [(31.7±8.6)points, (55.6±9.3)points, (84.6±10.5)points, (85.0±10.3)points] was higher than that in posterior elbow approach group [(27.2±8.2)points, (50.7±8.7)points, (77.4±11.2)points, (80.1±9.4)points] at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and last follow-up ( P<0.05). The incidence of complications in combined approach group [10%(3/31)] was lower than that in posterior elbow approach group [31%(11/36)]( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the simple posterior elbow median approach, the combined anterior and posterior elbow approach for treatment of O'Driscoll type IIIb fracture of ulnar coronoid process has lower intraoperative blood loss, faster fracture healing, lower incidence of complications and better elbow function.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of standardized patient programs and standardized patient educators in China, and to analyze the existing problems in the implementation.Methods:Questionnaire survey was used in this study. The questionnaire was made by Delphi method, and distributed via E-mails or through the internet to medical colleges, affiliated hospitals and general hospitals across the country. Microsoft Office Excel 2016 was used for data reduction and analysis and cartography.Results:A total of 94 medical colleges and hospitals of 27 provinces and municipalities participated in the survey, of which 43.62% had carried out standardized patient programs. The primary factor affecting the program implementation was the lack of standardized patient educators. The existing trainers were mainly clinicians or nurses, and the main way of training the educators was to send them to other universities for learning. A majority of respondents (94.68%) think it is necessary to establish and formulate a unified national certification system for standardized patient educators.Conclusion:The development of standardized patient program is unbalanced in China, and the lack of standardized patient educators has become the primary factor restricting the development. In order to make standardized patients a greater role in medical education, we should encourage different types of personnel to join in the standardized patient training team, to clarify the responsibilities of standardized patient educators, to standardize the process of trainers training, and to establish the certification system of standardized patient educators.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the observation of the short-term recanalization rate and safety of acute thrombosis of arteriovenous fistula by dual-channel urokinase thrombolysis.Methods:A total of 52 dialysis patients with acute thrombosis of arteriovenous fistula in the Department of Nephrology, Shenzhen Hospital of Southern Medical University from January 2017 to January 2020 were selected. They were divided into control group and observation group by random number table. Twenty-seven cases in the test group used inflow arterial puncture and venous thrombosis, hereinafter referred to as dual channel, and bolus injection of urokinase for thrombolysis. Twenty-five cases in the control group were treated with tradi) ional peripheral intravenous bolus injection of urokinase for thrombolysis, and the recanalization time of internal fistula, adverse reactions and safety of thrombolysis were compared between the two groupsResults::The early (2 hours) reopening rate of the test group was 92.6% (25/27), which was higher than that of the control group by 44.0% (11/25) ( χ2 value was 14.389, P<0.05), which was statistically significant. The embolization site of the two groups of patients ( χ2 value was 2.989, P>0.05), the access situation of the two groups of patients ( χ2 value was 0.277, P>0.05), no statistical significance. There was no statistical significance in subcutaneous ecchymosis ( χ2 value was 0.088, P>0.05), bleeding at the puncture point ( χ2 value was 0.003, P>0.05), and puncture injury ( χ2 value was 0.944, P>0.05) in both groups. Conclusions:The double-channel urokinase thrombolysis method has the characteristics of high (2 hours) early recanalization rate, safe and effective in the treatment of acute arteriovenous fistula thrombosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grade evaluation standard of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces combining traditional character evaluation and modern intrinsic quality analysis. Method:The appearance character parameters (thickness and weight) and contents of internal index components (tanshinones and salvianolic acid B) of 18 batches of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces were determined, and the relative quality constant was calculated. The maximum value of the percentage quality constants of the tested samples was assumed to be 100%, the value ≥80% was classified as the first-class, ≥50% and <80% as the second-class, <50% as the third-class. Result:The relative quality constants of 18 batches of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces ranged from 349 to 884. According to the percentage quality constant, 18 batches of samples were successfully divided into three grades. The relative quality constant of the first-class product was ≥707, including samples ds5, ds8 and ds14, accounting for about 17% of the total number of samples. The relative quality constant of the second-class product was ≥442 and <707, accounting for about 61% of the total number of samples. the other samples were of the third-class, and their relative quality constants were all <442. Conclusion:The method of relative quality constant overcomes the one-sidedness of the single method in the grade evaluation of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces, and the evaluation results can objectively, reasonably and scientifically classify the grade of the decoction pieces, which can provide reference for the establishment of the grade standard of other decoction pieces.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential targets and related mechanism involved in the paclitaxel resistance to ovarian cancer. Method:Ovarian cancer A2780 cells and A2780 paclitaxel-resistant cells (A2780/T) were treated by 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> paclitaxel (PTX) for 24 h or 48 h respectively <italic>in vitro</italic>. The proliferation rate of A2780 cells and A2780/T cells treated with paclitaxel was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric method assay. A2780 and A2780/T cells were analyzed by LC-MS/MS Label-Free quantitative proteomics to identify and screen differentially expressed proteins in the two groups of cells. Gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were used to determine the potential biomarkers of paclitaxel resistance in ovarian cancer. Conventionally cultured A2780 cells were used as a control group, and A2780/T cells were treated with 0, 1, 4 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> PTX. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot methods were used to detect and verify the mRNA and protein expression levels of potential target transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>-activated kinase 1 binding protein 1 (TAB1) and its downstream related molecules transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>-activated kinase (TAK1) and p38. Result:After PTX treatment for 24 h and 48 h, the cell viability of A2780 and A2780/T cells decreased. The inhibitory rate of PTX on A2780 cells was significantly higher than that of A2780/T cells. In A2780 cells, the IC<sub>50</sub> of PTX treatment for 48 h was 0.002 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, while in A2780/T cells, the IC<sub>50 </sub>of PTX was greater than the maximum concentration of 128 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, indicating that A2780/T cells were resistant to PTX compared with A2780 cells. 441 differentially expressed proteins and 421 special differentially expressed proteins between A2780/T and A2780 cells were screened by label-free quantitative proteomic analysis. GO function enrichment analysis showed that the binding proteins accounted for the majority (80%) among the differentially expressed proteins. According to the results of KEGG pathway analysis and expression site analysis, TAB1 might be a potential biomarker in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer. Compared with A2780 cells, mRNA and protein expression levels of TAB1 in A2780/T cells were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). mRNA expression of TAK1 and p38 that interacted with TAB1 were also significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while there was no significant change in protein expression. Conclusion:TAB1 may be a potential biomarker of paclitaxel resistance to ovarian cancer , and its mechanism may be related to the TAB1/TAK1/p38 MAPK pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grading standard of <italic>Curcuma phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma,and explore the effect of seed rhizoma classification on the growth,yield and quality of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>. Method:The purity,diameter,weight,length,germination rate and water content of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma samples were determined. The grading index was determined by partial correlation analysis,variance analysis and cluster analysis. According to actual conditions of production,the classification standard of<italic> C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma was established. Then the field experiments were carried out with different grades of seed rhizoma for treatment, so as to analyze the effect of seed rhizoma grade on plant growth,yield and quality of medicinal materials. Result:With seed rhizoma diameter and seed rhizoma weight as classification indexes,<italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma were divided into three grades. The field experiments showed that with the growth and development of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>,there were significant differences in plant height and leaf length among different grades of seed rhizoma during the root tuber expansion period (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The yield of Curcumae Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma produced by different grades of seed rhizoma was in the order of first-class ginger>second-class ginger>third-class ginger>substandard seed rhizoma. According to the analysis of the proportion of the commodity grade of medicinal materials,the higher the grade of seed rhizoma was,the higher the proportion of the first-grade Curcumae Radix occupied. According to the analysis of the quality of medicinal materials,there was no significant difference in the content of extract,volatile oil and germanone in Curcumae Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma produced by different grades of seed rhizoma. Conclusion:The grading standard of seed rhizoma was established based on the systematic study on the classification method of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma. According to the field experiment, grading planting of seed rhizoma can promote plant growth and development,increase the yield of medicinal materials,and improve the proportion of first-grade medicinal materials, with no impact on the internal quality of medicinal materials. Therefore, classification of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma is scientific and necessary,and can lay the foundation for the standardized cultivation of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922757

ABSTRACT

During the pathogensis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), activated RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLSs) combines similar proliferative features as tumor and inflammatory features as osteoarthritis, which eventually leads to joint erosion. Therefore, it is imperative to research and develop new compounds, which can effectively inhibit abnormal activation of RA-FLSs and retard RA progression. Neohesperidin (Neo) is a major active component of flavonoid compounds with anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant properties. In this study, the anti-inflammation, anti-migration, anti-invasion, anti-oxidant and apoptosis-induced effects of Neo on RA-FLSs were explored to investigate the underlying mechanism. The results suggested that Neo decreased the levels of interleukin IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, MMP-3, MMP-9 and MMP-13 in FLSs. Moreover, Neo blocked the activation of the MAPK signaling pathway. Furthermore, treatment with Neo induced the apoptosis of FLSs, and inhibited the migration of FLSs. It was also found that Neo reduced the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by TNF-α. Taken together, our results highlighted that Neo may act as a potential and promising therapeutic drug for the management of RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Hesperidin/analogs & derivatives , Humans , Synoviocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922110

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze clinical feature and information of medication to explore the risk signals of preparations containing Psoraleae Fructus (BGZP) related with hepatobiliary adverse drug reactions (ADR), in order to reinforce pharmacovigilance.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted based on hepatobiliary ADR related with BGZP from the China Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring System in years from January 2012 to December 2016. Serious and general ADRs were analyzed and assessed.@*RESULTS@#There were 355 cases of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP. Both the amount of cases and the proportion of serious ADR showed an increasing growth by years (P<0.05). It was found that 10.43% of 355 cases may be involved with irrational drug use, including overdose, repeated medication, and combination of multiple drugs. There were 190 cases which used BGZP (non-combination), and they were mainly for common in diseases caused by abnormal immune activation (accounting for 40.53% of the total cases). Especially at the age group with the most cases with age of 41-50 years, the cases associated with immunological diseases of female were obviously more than that of male (P<0.05). The latency of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP ranged from 1 to 386 days, and the median latency was 27.5 days, along with the range of cumulative dose (0.45-520.02 g) as well as the daily dose (0.09-2.64 g/d) after the conversion.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cases of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP showed significant individual differences, and there was no correlation between drug usage duration and dosage and the occurrence of hepatobiliary ADR. It may be similar with idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury, and recommended that BGZP should be used with more caution under monitoring liver function, especially in female patients with immunological diseases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/etiology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pharmacovigilance , Retrospective Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921750

ABSTRACT

The calibration of chromone reference extract(CRE) was conducted and a quality control method of Saposhnikoviae Radix(SR) was established based on CRE. Meanwhile, the quality control system of SR was improved and the feasibility of using reference extract as a substitute for single reference substance in quality control of Chinese medicine was discussed. In this study, the content of the prepared CRE was calibrated with prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, and secO-glucosylhamaudol as indicators. Subsequently, an HPLC analytical method was developed to determine the content of four chromones in 20 batches of SR samples based on the CRE with known content as the standard substance. T-test was used for the comparison of the determination results of the two methods(single chemical component and CRE as reference substances, respectively), and the P values of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, and sec-O-glucosylhamaudol were 0. 16,0. 39, 0. 14, and 0. 42. The results demonstrated that there was no significant difference between the two methods. This study initially verified the feasibility that the CRE could be used as a substitute for single reference substance in quality control of SR. In conclusion,this study is expected to provide a scientific basis and a new research model for the application of reference extract in the quality control of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , Calibration , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromones , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921725

ABSTRACT

The output of high level innovative Chinese medicines(CM) is very rare for a few years, which is in sharp contrast to the reality that antibody drugs, small molecular targeted therapy, antibody-drug conjugate and other innovative drugs have heavy investment and high yield. Acceleration for the research and development of innovative CM drugs obviously relies on breakthrough of the modes of thinking and methodology. Deeply influenced by the thinking of allopathic medicine in Western science system, the mainstream of current basic researches on CM is to find the components and their molecular mechanisms that can directly inhibit or antagonize the target in disease focal. However, it is difficult to explain the mechanism of the reported " active" components in many CMs, since their steady-state concentrations in disease focal are usually significantly lower than the effective concentrations of those components. Therefore, based on the original methodology of CM-systemism and harmonizing medicine, this paper proposed that the mechanism of action of CMs may not be limited to the direct antagonistic effect on the target in disease focal. Instead, it may involve indirect action through the intermediate substances across different organs or systems with a long-distance action pattern.A fundamentally break may be achieved when exploring the mechanism of action of CM active components from the perspective of indirect action. It may also change the thinking of allopathic medicine in the researches of CM and start a new innovative road for the development of indirect-acting CMs.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887958

ABSTRACT

The quality control of Epimedii Folium, composed of diverse constituents, is single at present. In view of this, an eva-luation method of 13 chemical constituents based on quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) was established to further explore the composition differences of raw products and alcohol extracts in different batches and the influence of alcohol extraction on the composition, so as to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control of Epimedii Folium. The fingerprints of different batches of Epimedii Folium were constructed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) to evaluate the inter-batch consistency. The changes of the flavonoids in Epimedii Folium during alcohol extraction were analyzed based on determined levels and heat map, and the reasons for the changes were preliminarily discussed. With icariin, the quality control component recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, as the internal reference, the stability of the relative correction factors of chemical components under different conditions was investigated to obtain the relative correction factors. Then the determination results of QAMS and the external standard method were compared to verify the accuracy of QAMS. The results revealed that all batches of Epimedii Folium met the requirements specified in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and the fingerprints of Epimedii Folium from the same place of origin exhibited a high similarity. Raw products and alcohol extracts of Epimedii Folium could be clearly distinguished by prenylated flavonoids, which are potential biomarkers for quality control. Additionally, the glycoside hydrolysis in the alcohol extraction was preliminarily explored. The QAMS method has good accuracy, durability, and repeatability in determining 13 chemical components in Epimedii Folium under different experimental conditions. No significant difference in the results obtained by the two methods was observed. This study can provide a reference for comprehensive, rapid and reasonable quality evaluation of Epimedii Folium.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Leaves
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879199

ABSTRACT

Chinese traditional medicine compound is the main form of Chinese medicine clinical application. The elucidation of the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine is one of the key scientific issues to promote the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. At present, there are many research ideas on the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine compounds. By analyzing the current status and existing problems of existing research ideas, the author proposes a "double reduction network pharmacology"(2 R network pharmacology) research method based on "prediction of dominant components-potential target selection". Chemical components with good properties were selected by ADMET property prediction technology, and compared with the blood components and target organ components to determine the dominant components with potential therapeutic effect, that is "reducing constituents"; the potential core regulatory pathway of traditional Chinese medicine compound was enriched by RNA-Seq technology combined with network database, and then the target of traditional Chinese medicine compound was mined based on the signal pathway, that is "reducing targets". To improve the efficiency and accuracy of effective component screening, the network relationship of "component target" was established by the related technology of network pharmacology. The purpose of this study is to provide practical research ideas and methods for clarifying the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine, revealing the law of compatibility of traditional Chinese medicine and clarifying the target of drug action.


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Research Design
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879179

ABSTRACT

By establishing the preparation process of Scrophulariaceae Radix reference extract(SRRE) and calibrating it, we discussed its feasibility as a substitute for single reference substance in the quality control of Scrophulariae Radix. The SRREs were prepared by solvent extraction method and chromatographic separation technology, and then calibrated with the reference substances of harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside. The HPLC content determination method of Scrophulariae Radixl was established with SRREs of the known content and the reference substances of harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside respectively as the control ones. Then the content of three components in Scrophulariae Radix was determined, and the t-test method was used to compare the results of the two methods. With SRRE as references, harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside were in a good linear relationship(r≥0.999 8) within each range, and the average recovery rate was 98.55% to 100.6%. The t-test results showed that the P values of two determination methods were 0.493, 0.155 and 0.171 for harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside respectively, indicating no significant diffe-rence between the two methods of content determination. The SRRE can be used as a substitute for the reference in the quality control of Scrophulariaceae Radix. The SRRE can replace the corresponding reference substance for the quality control of Scrophulariae Radix. The results of this study provide new methods and new ideas for the quality evaluation of Scrophulariae Radix, and provide a scientific basis for the application of reference extracts in the quality research of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Scrophularia , Scrophulariaceae
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879160

ABSTRACT

Based on the heat-clearing and detoxifying effects of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, the network pharmacology is mainly used to predict the potential targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for anti-inflammatory activity and to perform the experimental verification. A method for detecting the biological potency of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on verifiable targets has been established to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control standards of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. High performance liquid chromatography can be used to construct chemical fingerprints of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Constructing a component-target-disease network of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for its anti-inflammatory activity was applied to screen potential anti-inflammatory components and related targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, and to verify the target of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma by using biological evaluation methods. Detecting the biological potency of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma extracts was used to inhibit COX-2 enzyme activity based the verifiable target cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2). The results showed that different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma accorded with the pharmacopoeia testing regulations, and the chemical fingerprints have a high similarity(similarity>0.93), suggesting that there is no significant difference in the characteristics of the chemical components. Based on network pharmacology predictions, 18 candidate targets were found to have potential direct interactions with the ingredients in Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Among them, the most important target is COX-2. Based on the experimental verification of recombinant human COX-2 protease activity inhibition, Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma can inhibit the COX-2 enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner. It can function with a low concentration(0.75 mg·mL~(-1)), which preliminarily confirmed the accuracy of network pharmacology prediction. The biological potency detection method of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on COX-2 inhibitory activity was optimized and established. The qualitative response parallel line method was used to calculate the biological potency of anti-inflammatory activity, which ranged from 23.04 to 46.60 U·mg~(-1). For network pharmacology prediction, it can screen and clarify the possible targets of traditional Chinese medicine rapidly, which can guide the establishment of a biological evaluation method for the quality of medicinal materials with related activities. Compared with chemical fingerprints, the biological potency testing can better detect quality fluctuations of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Biological Assay , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Rhizome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878979

ABSTRACT

With the emergence of drug resistance in Western medicine, the repeated administration of clinical first-line drugs becomes more severe. There are many factors leading to multidrug resistance(MDR), so it is very difficult to solve the problem. Since traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has been used in the field of MDR in recent years, the research on the transporter-associated drug resistance and intervention of TCM has gradually become a hot spot. Therefore, in order to further explore the relationships among drug resistance, transporters, and TCM intervention, we review the relevant research progress in recent years and comb the achievements and limitations of this research at present. In the end, we put forward the research direction of changing body's ADME through the host's transporters and gastrointestinal flora, which provides new ideas for future research.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 266-273, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872628

ABSTRACT

Xianling Gubao is a common and effective medicine in the treatment of orthopedic diseases. In recent years, it has been reported to be associated with liver injury. However, through the analysis of the adverse drug reaction reports and key hospital cases, we found that there is considerable incomplete information in the reports of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury cases retrieved from the literature. Thus, it is difficult to accurately judge causality between the drug and liver injury. Six cases of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao were identified in key hospitals, two of which achieved the clinical diagnosis according to the assessment of the integrated evidence chain method. We further analyzed the public health data of all residents in Yinzhou. The gross incidence rate of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury was 0.034%, which corresponds to a level of rare incidence. This revealed that Xianling Gubao-related liver injury has significant divergence in individuals and an idiosyncratic nature. The gross incidence of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao was lower than that of other medicines for the treatment of orthopedic diseases. Based on the idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury model mediated by immune stress, it was found that Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus were the major components that lead to liver injury, and the liver injury caused by a full prescription was less serious than that encountered with only Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus. This suggests that the other 4 herbs (Dipsaci Radix, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix,Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma) can prevent/alleviate the liver injury. Through disassembled prescription analysis, we found that the attenuation efficacy of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was the most significant. In conclusion, Xianling Gubao may cause idiosyncratic liver injury in a tiny minority of susceptible individuals, but the incidence risk is lower than that of other commonly used drugs for orthopedic disease. Xianling Gubao should be discreetly applied to patients with immune stress. The major components that induced liver injury in Xianling Gubao were Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma appears to attenuate this toxicity. This study provides a reference for the rational clinical medication with Xianling Gubao.

17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 291-294, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888762

ABSTRACT

Cancer immunotherapy has led to a new era of cancer treatment strategies, and transforming healthcare for cancer patients. Meanwhile, reports of immune-related adverse events have been increasing, greatly hindering the use of cancer immunotherapy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has been widely used in Asian countries for thousands of years, is known to play a complementary role in the treatment of cancer. Taken in combined with conventional modern therapies, such as resection, ablation and radiotherapy, TCM exerts its main anti-cancer effects in two ways: health-strengthening (Fu-Zheng) and pathogen-eliminating (Qu-Xie). Theoretically, pathogen-eliminating TCM can promote the release of tumor-related antigens and should be able to increase the effect of immunotherapy, while health-strengthening TCM may have immune-enhancing mechanisms that overlap with immunotherapy. In the era of cancer immunotherapy, it is important to balance the use of TCM and immunotherapy, with the goal of enhancing immune efficacy and antagonizing immune toxicity. In this article, we discuss this issue by considering the mechanism of tumor immunotherapy, alongside the theoretical basis of TCM treatment of tumors, with the aim of bringing new insights to future research in this field.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Immunotherapy , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms/therapy
18.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 472-485, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888731

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia conditioning could increase the survival of transplanted neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in rats with cerebral ischemia but could also hinder neuronal differentiation partly by suppressing mitochondrial metabolism. In this work, the mitochondrial metabolism of hypoxia-conditioned NPCs (hcNPCs) was upregulated via the additional administration of resveratrol, an herbal compound, to resolve the limitation of hypoxia conditioning on neuronal differentiation. Resveratrol was first applied during the in vitro neuronal differentiation of hcNPCs and concurrently promoted the differentiation, synaptogenesis, and functional development of neurons derived from hcNPCs and restored the mitochondrial metabolism. Furthermore, this herbal compound was used as an adjuvant during hcNPC transplantation in a photothrombotic stroke rat model. Resveratrol promoted neuronal differentiation and increased the long-term survival of transplanted hcNPCs. 18-fluorine fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and rotarod test showed that resveratrol and hcNPC transplantation synergistically improved the neurological and metabolic recovery of stroke rats. In conclusion, resveratrol promoted the neuronal differentiation and therapeutic efficiency of hcNPCs in stroke rats via restoring mitochondrial metabolism. This work suggested a novel approach to promote the clinical translation of NPC transplantation therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Cell Differentiation , Hypoxia , Neurons , Rats , Resveratrol/pharmacology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905786

ABSTRACT

Rehabilitation activities can improve functioning and quality of life for Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Therapeutic dancing, as a kind of aerobic exercise that combines music reminder, balance training, complexity and rhythmicity, can better meet the requirement of rehabilitation for PD patients. This paper reviewed the application of therapeutic dancing for PD patients in recent years, in terms of main types, mechanism, clinical effects, etc.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1139-1144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866967

ABSTRACT

2019 Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection has caused a global pandemic. Although researchers have carried out a lot of research on 2019-nCoV, analyzed the molecular structure and conducted evolutionary tree analysis, there is still insufficient understanding of its specific pathogenic mechanism, resulting in the lack of specific and effective therapeutic drugs and method. 2019-nCoV infection can cause inflammation and may deteriorate to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and sepsis, which have become the main complication of its death. Therefore, using antiviral and symptomatic treatment with inflammation reduction can have a better therapeutic effect. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) not only have a significant immune-regulation function, but also play a role in regeneration and repair, repairing damaged lungs, so they can be considered as a new effective method for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This article analyzes the main pathogenic mechanism of 2019-nCoV, and the process of developing into ARDS, combined with the research status of MSCs, to explore its significance and feasibility for the treatment of COVID-19. Finally, it will provide a substantial theoretical basis for clinical treatment now and in the future.

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