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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 119-123, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005225

ABSTRACT

Yigongsan, derived from QIAN Yi’s Key to Therapeutics of Children’s Diseases in the Song Dynasty, is a classic pediatric prescription that is included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classic Prescriptions (the Second Batch of Pediatrics) released by the National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2022. This paper verifies and analyzes the historical origin, composition, dosage, processing, decoction method and efficacy of Yigongsan by systematically combing ancient books and modern documents. As a result, Yigongsan is composed of five herbs: Panax ginseng, Poria cocos, Atractylodes macrocephala, Citrus reticulata and Glycyrrhiza uralensis, of which P. cocos should be peeled, A. macrocephala is fried with soil, G. uralensis is roasted with honey while P. ginseng and C. reticulata are raw products. According to the dosage of ancient and modern times, each medicinal herb must be ground into fine powder, 1.6 g for each, added with 300 mL of water, 5 pieces of Zingiber officinale, and 2 Ziziphus jujuba, decocted together to 210 mL, and taken before meals. In ancient books, Yigongsan is used to treat vomiting, diarrhea, spleen and stomach deficiency, chest and abdominal distension, and lack of appetite, etc. Modern research showed that Yigongsan could also be used in the diseases of immune system, respiratory system, blood system, etc., involving infantile anorexia, asthma, anemia, tumors and so on.

2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 99-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the value of MRI ovarian-adnexal reporting and data system (O-RADS MRI) in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian-adnexal masses.MethodsTotally 146 patients (202 masses) with ovarian-adnexal lesions who underwent pelvic examination at 3.0 T MRI according to standardized scan protocol of O-RADS MRI and were pathologically confirmed in The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2020 and February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Two radiologists classified the ovarian-adnexal masses as risk levels 1~5 according to O-RADS MRI and evaluated their consistency by Cohen’s kappa. Using pathological findings as the gold standard, the detection yield of malignant lesions with O-RADS MRI classification was analyzed. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were calculated (cutoff for malignancy, score ≥ 4).ResultsOf 202 masses, 62 (30.7%) were malignant, 140 (69.3%) were benign. The two radiologists presented good agreement in O-RADS MRI classification of ovarian adnexal masses (Kappa=0.932). The malignancy rates of masses with scores of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 were 0%, 0%, 7.7%, 95%, 97.6%, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 96.8% (60/62), 98.6% (138/140), 98.0% (198/202), 0.977.ConclusionsO-RADS MRI yields high diagnostic efficiency for benign and malignant ovarian adnexal masses and its widespread implementation will improve communication between radiologists and clinicians, and facilitate optimal patient management. Therefore, O-RADS MRI warrants widespread use in clinical setting.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 823-826, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972410

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of orbital decompression on the central macular choroidal thickness(CMCT)in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy(TAO).METHOD: Prospective clinical studies. A total of 29 TAO patients(42 eyes)treated in our department from January 2021 to January 2022 were analyzed, and they were divided into 20 cases(30 eyes)in the moderate and severe group and 9 cases(12 eyes)in the extremely severe group. Both groups of patients received orbital decompression, and the changes of CMCT, visual acuity, intraocular pressure, exophthalmos, and clinical activity score(CAS)at 3 and 6mo before and after surgery were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: All patients completed follow-up. The CMCT, exophthalmos, intraocular pressure, and CAS of the extremely severe group at 3 and 6mo were 355.13±15.59 and 339.61±13.17μm, 19.33±2.23 and 17.83±1.70mm, 18.86±3.05 and 18.09±1.37mmHg, 3.75±0.87 and 2.42±1.00 points, respectively. The moderate and severe group was 325.00±10.48 and 321.04±11.34μm, 16.07±1.74 and 15.6±1.98mm, 16.65±2.04 and 16.03±2.3mmHg, 1.50±0.51 and 1.43±0.50 points, and there was differences with those before operation(extremely severe group: 396.46±17.61μm, 22.00±2.3mm, 21.85±2.82mmHg, 5.33±1.44 points; moderate and severe group: 335.77±11.60μm, 19.07±1.84mm, 18.89±3.06mmHg, 1.63±0.49 points; all P<0.001). The best corrected visual acuity(LogMAR)before surgery was 0.64±0.22 in the extremely severe group, and 0.43±0.20 and 0.34±0.15 at 3 and 6mo after operation, respectively, which were different from those before surgery(all P<0.001)CONCLUSION: Orbital decompression can effectively reduce CMCT, intraocular pressure and exophthalmos in TAO patients, relieve orbital vein stasis, and effectively improve vision and reduce mobility in patients with extremely severe disease.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1054-1065, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970577

ABSTRACT

This study aims to examine the effect of superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizomaon on natural perimenopausal syndrome in rats and explore the underlying mechanism. To be specific, a total of 60 female SD rats(14-15 months old) with estrous cycle disorder were screened by the vaginal smear and randomized into model control group, β-estradiol 3-benzoate group(0.1 mg·kg~(-1)), superfine powder of Polygonati Rhizoma group(0.25, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)) and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma group(0.25, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)), and another 10 female SD rats(14-15 months old) were selected as the youth control group. The administration lasted 6 weeks. Then the perimenopausal syndrome-related indexes such as body temperature, microcirculatory blood flow of face and ear, vertigo period, salivary secretion, grip force, and bone strength were determined and open field test was conducted. The immune system-related indexes such as the wet weight and index of thymus and spleen, percentage of T lymphocytes and subgroups in peripheral blood, and hematological indexes were measured. In addition, the ovary-related indexes such as estrous cycle, the wet weight and index of uterus and ovary, ovarian tissue morphology, and cell apoptosis were determined. Moreover, hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary axis(HPO)-related indexes such as serum sex hormone levels, cytochrome P450 family 11 subfamily A member 1(CYP11A1), cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1(CYP19A1), and cytochrome P450 family 17 subfamily A member 1(P450 17A1) in ovarian tissue were measured. The results showed that the superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma significantly decreased body temperature(anal, facial and dorsal temperature), microcirculatory blood flow in the ear, and vertigo period, increased salivary secretion, grip force, bone strength, total distance and total speed in the open field test, wet weight and index of thymus and spleen, lymphocyte ratio, CD3~+ level, and CD4~+/CD8~+ ratio, reduced neutrophil number and ratio, estrous cycle disorder ratio, and number of ovarian apoptotic cells, raised wet weight and index of uterus, wet weight of ovary, levels of inhibin B(INHB), estradiol(E_2), anti-müllerian hormone(AMH), and ovarian CYP11A1 and CYP19A1, decreased follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) and luteinizing hormone(LH) content, and improved ovarian tissue morphology. It is suggested that the superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma can improve the symptoms associated with natural perimenopausal syndrome in rats and enhance ovarian function and immune function. The mechanism is that they regulate HPO axis function by increasing estrogen synthesis.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Microcirculation , Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme , Perimenopause , Powders , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 423-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981765

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for 7 families with gonadal mosaicism for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).@*METHODS@#For the 7 families presented at the CITIC Xiangya Reproductive and Genetic Hospital from September 2014 to March 2022, clinical data were collected. Preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic disorders (PGT-M) was carried out for the mother of the proband from family 6. Peripheral venous blood samples of the probands, their mothers and other patients from the families, amniotic fluid samples from families 1 ~ 4 and biopsied cells of embryos cultured in vitro from family 6 were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was carried out for the DMD gene, and short tandem repeat (STR)/single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based haplotypes were constructed for the probands, other patients, fetuses and embryos.@*RESULTS@#The results of MLPA showed that the probands and the fetuses/probands' brothers in families 1 ~ 4, 5, 7 had carried the same DMD gene variants, whilst the probands' mothers were all normal. The proband in family 6 carried the same DMD gene variant with only 1 embryo (9 in total) cultured in vitro, and the DMD gene of the proband's mother and the fetus obtained through the PGT-M were normal. STR-based haplotype analysis showed that the probands and the fetuses/probands' brothers in families 1 ~ 3 and 5 have inherited the same maternal X chromosome. SNP-based haplotype analysis showed that the proband from family 6 has inherited the same maternal X chromosome with only 1 embryo (9 in total) cultured in vitro. The fetuses in families 1 and 6 (via PGT-M) were both confirmed to be healthy by follow up, whilst the mothers from families 2 and 3 had chosen induced labor.@*CONCLUSION@#Haplotype analysis based on STR/SNP is an effective method for judging gonad mosaicism. Gonad mosaicisms should be suspected for women who have given births to children with DMD gene variants but with a normal peripheral blood genotype. Prenatal diagnosis and reproductive intervention may be adapted to reduce the births of further affected children in such families.


Subject(s)
Male , Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diagnosis , Dystrophin/genetics , Mosaicism , Exons , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Nucleotides
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 592-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985532

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in (Hebei, Zhejiang, Shaanxi, Hunan) 4 provinces of China and the influence of demographic and economic characteristics on them. Methods: A total of 1 747 children and adolescents aged 7-17 from a Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Disease in 2018 were selected. High waist circumference, central obesity, elevated TG, elevated TC, elevated LDL-C, decreased HDL-C, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, and clustering of risk factors was analyzed. χ2 test was used for univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between demographic and economic factors and risk factors, and the Cochran-Armitage trend test was used for trend analysis. Results: The detection rates of high waist circumference, decreased HDL-C, elevated blood pressure, elevated TG, elevated blood glucose, central obesity, elevated TC, and elevated LDL-C were 29.08%, 15.28%, 13.17%, 13.05%, 11.79%, 7.33%, 6.53%, and 5.15%, respectively. The rate of clustering of risk factors was 18.37%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of high waist circumference in girls was higher than that in boys (OR=1.67, 95%CI: 1.26-2.22), and the risk of elevated blood glucose and clustering of risk factors was lower than that in boys (OR=0.69, 95%CI: 0.49-0.99; OR=0.72, 95%CI: 0.53-0.99). The risk of high waist circumference, decreased HDL-C, and clustering of risk factors in 13-17 years old group was higher than that in the 7-year-olds group (OR=2.24, 95%CI: 1.65-3.04; OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.20-2.11; OR=1.75, 95%CI: 1.26-2.44), but the risk of central obesity was lower (OR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.37-0.78). The risk of elevated TC, elevated TG, and decreased HDL-C in children and adolescents in southern was higher than that in northern parts of China (OR=1.88, 95%CI: 1.25-2.83; OR=1.61, 95%CI: 1.17-2.22; OR=1.55, 95%CI: 1.19-2.04), but the risk of high waist circumference and central obesity was lower than that in northern China (OR=0.57, 95%CI: 0.43-0.75; OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.42-0.90). The risk of decreased HDL-C in rural children and adolescents was higher than in urban children and adolescents (OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.02-1.83). The risk of multiple risk factors increased with the increase in average monthly household income per capita and BMI level. Conclusions: High waist circumference, decreased HDL-C and elevated blood pressure were prominent cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in 4 provinces of China in 2018. The region, average monthly household income per capita, and BMI were the main influencing factors of cardio-metabolic risk factors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood Glucose , Cohort Studies , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Obesity , Hypertension , China/epidemiology , Waist Circumference
7.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 271-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the whole genome of Omicron variants causing the first local Omicron outbreak in Henan Province and to investigate the mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 genome for source tracing.Methods:Respiratory tract samples from COVID-19 cases in the Omicron outbreak in Henan Province from January 7 to 29, 2022 were subjected to whole-genome sequencing and sequence alignment analysis. Whole-genome identity, variations and evolution of the Omicron variants were analyzed.Results:Through high-throughput sequencing, the whole-genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 were obtained from 120 cases, which accounted for 25.64% (120/468) of all COVID-19 cases in Anyang during the same period. Compared with the genome of Wuhan reference strain (NC_045512.2), there were 57-59 nucleotide mutation sites in the 120 whole genome sequences, and one or two nucleotide mutation sites were added to the shared 57 nucleotide sites. All of the 120 strains were VOC/Omicron (BA.1.1) variants and shared high homology. The whole-genome sequence obtained from the first case A contained 57 nucleotide mutation sites, while apart from the 57 identical nucleotide mutation sites, one specific mutation site (C1594T) was found in the whole-genome sequence obtained from the first case B, suggesting that the two cases were in the same transmission chain. After comparing with the database of domestic and imported cases by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, it was found that the current outbreak was linked with the same transmission chain as the existing local epidemics in other provinces. Moreover, epidemiological investigation showed that on January 2, case A had come into contact with her cousin and his family who returned from an affected area outside the province.Conclusions:Based on the gene sequencing results and epidemiological investigation, the COVID-19 outbreak in Anyang city, Henan Province was a local epidemic and the source of it was a college student who returned to Anyang city from other province on December 28, 2021. These infections were linked to the same transmission chain as the existing local infection in other provinces.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 683-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the failure patterns and survival after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with T 1-2N 0M 0 non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Methods:Clinical data of early-stage NSCLC patients who received SBRT at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2012 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary observed endpoint was the pattern of disease progression, which was divided into intra-field recurrence, regional lymph node recurrence and distant metastasis. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was conducted by log-rank test, and multivariate analysis was performed by Cox's model.Results:A total of 147 patients with 156 lesions were included. The median follow-up time was 44.0 months (16.5-95.5 months). A total of 57 patients (38.8%) progressed: 14 patients (24.5%) had recurrence with the 1-, 3-, and 5-year local recurrence rates of 2.0%, 10.9%, and 14.3%, respectively; 36 patients (63.2%) had Distant metastasis with the 1-, 3- and 5-year distant metastasis rates of 12.2%, 22.4% and 28.6%, respectively; and 7 patients (12.3%) had recurrence complicated with distant metastasis. The 3-, 5- and 7-year OS rates were 80.5%, 64.2% and 49.9% for all patients, respectively. The median OS was 78.4 months. The 3-, 5- and 7-year PFS rates were 64.8%,49.5% and 41.5%, with a median PFS of 57.9 months (95% CI: 42.3-73.5 months). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that biologically equivalent dose and age were the factors affecting the efficacy of SBRT (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Distant metastasis is the main failure pattern in patients with T 1-2N 0M 0 NSCLC after SBRT. High-risk population should be selected for further systematic treatment to improve the efficacy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 301-306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the fail mode of neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after long-term follow-up.Methods:Clinical data of consecutive 238 patients with locally advanced resectable ESCC who underwent neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from September 2012 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The failure mode in the whole cohort was analyzed after long-term follow-up. The overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) rates were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. Survival differences were determined by log-rank test.Results:The pathological complete response (pCR) rate was 42.0% in 238 patients. After a median follow-up of 46.1 months, tumor progression occurred in 96 patients (40.3%), including 25 patients (10.5%) with local recurrence, 61 patients (25.6%) with distant metastases, and 10 patients (4.2%) with simultaneous local recurrence and distant metastases. The median OS and DFS were 64.7 months and 49.9 months. And the 3-, 5-, and 7-year OS and DFS rates were 70.0%, 52.8%, 36.4% and 63.5%, 42.5%, and 30.0%, respectively. The 3-, 5-, and 7-year locoregional recurrence-free survival rates and distant metastasis-free survival rates were 86.0%, 71.4%, 61.2% and 70.6%, 55.9%, 43.0%. Compared with non-pCR patients, the overall progression rate and distant metastasis rate of pCR patients were lower (26.0% vs. 50.7%, 16.0% vs. 32.6%, both P<0.05). And the 3-, 5-, and 7-year OS (83.0% vs. 60.2%, 69.7% vs. 41.7%, 50.4% vs. 27.7%, all P<0.001) and DFS rates (80.4% vs. 51.4%, 63.9% vs. 31.2%, 45.9% vs. 20.3%, all P<0.001) were significantly better in pCR patients. Conclusions:Distant metastasis is the main failure mode of patients with locally advanced ESCC after neoadjuvant therapy. Patients with postoperative pCR can achieve better long-term survival.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 93-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the radiation dose and fractionation regimens for limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) in Chinese radiation oncologists.Methods:Over 500 radiation oncologists were surveyed through questionnaire for radiation dose and fractionation regimens for LS-SCLC and 216 valid samples were collected for further analysis. All data were collected by online questionnaire designed by WJX software. Data collection and statistical analysis were performed by SPSS 25.0 statistical software. The differences in categorical variables among different groups were analyzed by Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Results:Among 216 participants, 94.9% preferred early concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 69.4% recommended conventional fractionation, 70.8% preferred a total dose of 60 Gy when delivering conventional radiotherapy and 78.7% recommended 45 Gy when administering hyperfractionated radiotherapy.Conclusions:Despite differences in LS-SCLC treatment plans, most of Chinese radiation oncologists prefer to choose 60 Gy conventional fractionated radiotherapy as the main treatment strategy for LS-SCLC patients. Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and Chinese Medical Association guidelines or expert consensus play a critical role in guiding treatment decision-making.

11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 427-433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990538

ABSTRACT

Scoliosis is a common deformity in neuromuscular disease, which usually has the characteristics of early onset age, severe degree of deformity, and rapid progression.Neuromuscular scoliosis often leads to serious damages to the quality of life, and results in the loss of walking, standing and sitting, and cardiopulmonary insufficiency.Surgical treatment can improve the quality of life for children with neuromuscular scoliosis, but surgical treatment is still challenging due to the complex surgery and many complicated diseases.The complications are much higher than those of idiopathic scoliosis.A multidisciplinary team is necessary in the surgical treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis to promptly and effectively reduce the complications.

12.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 122-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of insulin intraperitoneal administration combined with dietary intervention on glycemic regulation in in KKAy mice with spontaneous type 2 diabetes.Methods:An animal model of type 2 diabetes was established, and healthy C57BL/6J mice were selected as the normal control group and healthy KKAy mice as the non-disease group. The successfully modeled KKAy mice were randomly divided into the subcutaneous group, the intraperitoneal group, and the untreated group. The non-disease group was given a maintenance diet, and all other groups were fed a high-fat, high-sugar diet. The daily feeding time was from 08:00 to 20:00, with one feeding at a 4-hour interval, for a total of four times. The subcutaneous and intraperitoneal groups were given subcutaneous and intraperitoneal insulin injections before feeding, and recombinant glargine insulin injection (subcutaneous group: 0.125 IU/g; intraperitoneal group: 0.250 IU/g) was injected before the first feeding, and biosynthetic human insulin injection (subcutaneous group: 0.075 IU/g; intraperitoneal group: 0.125 IU/g) was injected after a 0.5 h interval; the rest 3 times before feeding, the biosynthetic human insulin injection (subcutaneous group: 0.075 IU/g; intraperitoneal group: 0.125 IU/g) was injected for 4 weeks. The dietary intake, body mass, fasting blood glucose, and 1 and 2 h postprandial blood glucose of mice in each group were tested regularly, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed.Results:The total dietary intake of mice in the intraperitoneal group was lower than that in the subcutaneous group. Compared with the initial body mass, the body mass of the mice in the subcutaneous and intraperitoneal groups decreased by 5.05 and 3.59 g at week 4, respectively. The changes of fasting blood glucose in the subcutaneous and intraperitoneal groups ranged from 5.4 to 9.4 and 5.4 to 6.4 mmol/L, respectively, and the changes of 1 h postprandial blood glucose ranged from 4.6 to 12.3 and 5.7 to 8.9 mmol/L, respectively, and the changes of 2 h postprandial blood glucose ranged from 2.5 to 9.8 and 3.8 to 7.1 mmol/L, respectively. For the glucose tolerance index, the intraperitoneal group showed improvement at all time points, and the subcutaneous group showed a decrease at all time points except for 0 and 60 min.Conclusions:In combination with dietary intervention, insulin intraperitoneal injection was more effective in controlling blood glucose in KKAy mice with spontaneous type 2 diabetes compared with subcutaneous insulin injection, and had a significant improvement in glucose tolerance.

13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 650-660, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939793

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread around the world since its outbreak, and there is no ascertained effective drug up to now. Lianhua Qingwen (LHQW) has been widely used in China and overseas Chinese, which had some advantages in the treatment of COVID-19.@*OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of LHQW for COVID-19 by conducting a systematic review with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#A comprehensive literature search was conducted in 12 electronic databases from their establishment to October 30, 2021. Note Express 3.2.0 was used for screening of trials, and the data was independently extracted in duplicate by 2 researchers. The risk of bias of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and retrospective studies were assessed by using the Cochrane collaboration tool and Newcastle Ottawa Scale, respectively, followed by data analysis using RevMan 5.3. The RCTs or retrospective studies to treat COVID-19 using LHQW were included. The intervention measures in the experimental group were LHQW alone or combined with chemical drugs (LCWC), and that in the control group were chemical drugs (CDs). Outcome measures included computed tomography (CT) recovery rate, disappearance rates of primary (fever, cough, fatigue), respiratory, gastrointestinal and other symptoms, exacerbation rate and adverse reaction. Subgroup analysis was conducted according to whether LHQW was combined with CDs and the different treatment methods in the control group.@*RESULTS@#Nine trials with 1,152 participants with COVID-19 were included. The CT recovery rates of LHQW and LCWC were 1.36 and 1.32 times of CDs, respectively (P<0.05). Compared with CDs, LCWC remarkably increased the disappearance rates of fever, cough, fatigue, expectoration, shortness of breath, and muscle soreness (P<0.05). LHQW also obviously decreased the exacerbation rate, which was 0.45 times of CDs alone (P<0.05). There was no obvious difference between LCWC and CDs in adverse reaction (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LHQW was more suitable for treating COVID-19 patients with obvious expectoration, shortness of breath and muscle soreness. LHQW had advantages in treating COVID-19 with no obvious exacerbation. (PROSPERO No. CRD42021235937).


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/drug therapy , Cough/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Dyspnea/drug therapy , Fatigue/drug therapy , Myalgia/drug therapy
14.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 379-385, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937003

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Exosomes and exosomal microRNAs have been implicated in tumor occurrence and metastasis. Our previous study showed that microRNA-761 (miR-761) is overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and that its inhibition affects mitochondrial function and inhibits HCC metastasis. The mechanism by which exosomal miR-761 modulates the tumor microenvironment has not been elucidated. METHODS: Exosomal miR-761 was detected in six cell lines. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and transwell migration assays were performed to determine the function of exosomal miR-761 in HCC cells. The luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze miR-761 target genes in normal fibroblasts (NFs). The inhibitors AZD1480 and C188-9 were employed to determine the role of the Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway in the transformation of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). RESULTS: In this study, we characterized the mechanism by which miR-761 reprogrammed the tumor microenvironment. We found that HCC-derived exosomal miR-761 was taken up by NFs. Moreover, HCC exosomes affected the tumor microenvironment by activating NFs via suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) and the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that exosomal miR-761 modulated the tumor microenvironment via SOCS2/JAK2/STAT3 pathway-dependent activation of CAFs. Our findings may inspire new strategies for HCC prevention and therapy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 570-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between the acute-phase characteristics of motor evoked potential (MEP) and severities of spinal cord injury in patients with acute cervical hyperextension injury and central cord syndrome (CCS).Methods:Retrospectively analyzed were the data of 45 patients with acute cervical hyperextension injury and CCS (observation group) who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University from December 2018 to July 2021 and 20 healthy controls. Examination of transcranial magnetic stimulation-induced MEP was performed in patients with CCS and healthy controls using a magpro x100 magnetic stimulator, and recording was conducted in bilateral abductor pollicis brevis (APB). The characteristics of MEP waveform latency, amplitude and motor threshold were described and compared between the healthy control and observation groups; the correlations were analyzed between the MEP latency and the severity of spinal cord injury [American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) total score and motor function of Upper Extremity Motor Subscores (UEMS)] in the observation group. According to different MEP-induced states, the patients in the observation group were divided into a resting group ( n=19), a facilitation group ( n=18), and a no-waveform group ( n=8). The severity of spinal cord injury (ASIA total score) and the functional independence of the spinal cord (SCIM-Ⅲ score) were compared among the 3 groups to analyze the correlation between the MEP-induced state and the severity of spinal cord injury (ASIA total score). Results:The observation group had a significantly longer MEP latency [(30.16±6.32) ms], a significantly smaller amplitude [(0.54±0.30) mV] and a significantly higher motor threshold [(65%±11%)] than the healthy control group (all P<0.05). The MEP latency in the observation group was significantly correlated with ASIA total score ( r=-0.730, P<0.001) and UEMS ( r=-0.740, P<0.001). The ASIA total score and SCIM-Ⅲ score were significantly different among the 3 groups ( P<0.05), and the MEP-induced state was significantly correlated with the severity of spinal cord injury (ASIA total score) ( r=0.668, P<0.001). Conclusions:In patients with acute cervical hyperextension injury and CCS, the MEP latency is prolonged, the amplitude lowered, and the motor threshold enhanced. The MEP latency is strongly correlated with the severity of spinal cord injury and upper limb motor function. The MEP-induced state is also closely related to the severity of spinal cord injury.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 287-290, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of albumin-bound paclitaxel (Nab-P) and conventional paclitaxel combined with cisplatin and concurrent radiotherapy for the treatment of patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods:Forty-nine patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma admitted to the First People's Hospital of Suqian from November 2016 to May 2020 were included. Of the 49 patients, 23 cases were treated with Nab-P combined with cisplatin and concurrent radiotherapy (NP group), 26 cases were treated with conventional paclitaxel combined with cisplatin and concurrent radiotherapy (TP group). All patients received 2 cycles of chemotherapy. The curative efficacy was evaluated one month after the end of radiotherapy, and the curative effect and adverse reactions of the two treatment regimens were compared.Results:The objective remission rate in NP group was 78.3% (18/23), and the disease control rate was 100.0% (23/23). The objective response rate in TP group was 61.5% (16/26), and the disease control rate was 92.3% (24/26). The objective response rate and disease control rate in NP group were higher than those in TP group, but the differences were not statistically significant (both P > 0.05). The common adverse reactions were mainly hair loss, loss of appetite, bone marrow suppression, radiation esophagitis, radiation pneumonia, malaise and myalgia. The incidence rate of grade 3-4 acute bone marrow suppression in NP group (8.7%, 2/23) was lower than that in TP group (38.5%, 10/26), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.35, P = 0.037). The incidence rate of myalgia in NP group (26.1%, 6/23) was lower than that in TP group (61.5%, 16/26), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.85, P = 0.028). Conclusions:Nab-P combined with cisplatin and concurrent radiotherapy has good efficacy in the treatment of patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and the incidence rate of adverse reactions is lower than that of conventional paclitaxel combined with cisplatin and concurrent radiotherapy, so that the regimen is safe.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 245-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934039

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the genome characteristics and variations in nucleotides and amino acids of SARS-CoV-2 causing an outbreak in Henan Province in November 2021 and perform the traceability analysis.Methods:In this study, throat swab specimens from cases in the acute phase were collected and tested for the nucleic acids of SARS-CoV-2 by real-time fluorescent RT-PCR. SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid-positive samples were subjected to high-throughput genome sequencing and whole-genome alignment analysis.Results:The median Ct values of ORF1ab gene and N gene in 70 positive specimens was 26.41 (15.58 to 39.27) and 24.43 (12.04 to 39.74), respectively. Compared with the sequence of Wuhan-Hu(NC_045512) reference strain, 47 to 49 nucleotide mutations sharing 47 nucleotide mutation and 41 amino acid mutations were found in 63 strains of successfully sequenced SARS-CoV-2. Nine nucleotide mutations and 12 amino acid mutations were found in the spike protein. The index case shared 47 mutations with the Russian imported cases in Henan Province on October 14 and the local cases in Jiangxi Province in October. Moreover, their genomes were highly homologous and they all belonged to the Delta variant (AY.122 evolutionary branch).Conclusions:Continuous monitoring of imported COVID-19 cases and prolonging the period of quarantine were needed to reduce the risk of local outbreak and epidemic caused by imported COVID-19 cases. Analysis of the genomic characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 and the variations in nucleotides and amino acids was conducive to trace the origin of COVID-19 outbreak quickly and provide reference for precise control.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 138-142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risk and prognostic factors of brain metastasis (BM) after prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) patients with complete and partial remission (CR/PR) after radiochemotherapy.Methods:Baseline data of 550 patients with LS-SCLC who obtained CR/PR after chemoradiotherapy and received PCI in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between 2002 and 2017 were collected. The risk of BM and clinical prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate prognostic analysis was conducted byCox models.Results:The overall BM rate after PCI was 15.6%(86/550), with 9%(4/43), 13%(7/52), and 16.5%(75/455) for stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ patients, respectively. The median overall survival (OS) for the entire cohort was 27.9 months, and the 5-year OS rate was 31.0%. The OS was 24.9 and 30.2 months for patients with or without BM, and the 5-year OS rates were 8.9% and 36.1%( P<0.001). BM was an independent factor of OS ( P<0.001). Clinical staging remained the influencing factor of OS and BM-free survival ( P<0.001, P=0.027). Having tumors of ≥5 cm in diameter significantly increased the risk of BM ( P=0.034) rather than the OS ( P=0.182). The median OS of patients aged<60 years was significantly longer than those aged ≥60 years (34.9 months vs. 24.6 months, P=0.001). The median OS of patients irradiated with 2 times/d was 29.8 months, significantly longer than 24.5 months of those irradiated with 1 time/d ( P=0.013). Age, sex, radiotherapy fraction and efficacy of radiochemotherapy (CR/PR) were not associated with the incidence rate of BM (all P>0.05). Conclusions:SCLC patients with tumors of ≥5 cm in diameter may have a higher risk of developing BM after PCI. Patients aged<60 years achieve better OS compared with their counterparts aged ≥60 years.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 301-305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927971

ABSTRACT

Ginkgo biloba Extract( GBE50) Dispersible Tablets is a new standardized prescription,which is widely used in the treatment of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However,there are still many problems in its clinical application.Rational and safe use of GBE50 Dispersible Tablets is pivotal to the medication safety and clinical prognosis of patients. This consensus has been jointly formulated by clinical experts of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and followed the Manual for the Clinical Experts Consensus of Chinese Patent Medicine published by the China Association of Chinese Medicine. The present study identified clinical problems based on clinical investigation,searched the research papers according to PICO clinical problems,carried out evidence evaluation,classification,and recommendation by GRADE system,and reached the expert consensus with nominal group technique. The consensus combines evidence with expert experience. Sufficient evidence of clinical problems corresponds to " recommendations",while insufficient evidence to " suggestions". Safety issues of GBE50 Dispersible Tablets,such as indications,usage and dosage,and medication for special populations,are defined to improve clinical efficacy,promote rational medication,and reduce drug risks. This consensus needs to be revised based on emerging clinical issues and evidencebased updates in practical applications in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebrovascular Disorders/drug therapy , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Tablets
20.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 664-669, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the evolutionary characteristics and variations of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) strains imported from abroad in Henan Province.Methods:A total of 16 imported cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) reported in Henan Province from May to December 2020 were enrolled. The throat swab specimens from the patients were collected and sent to the Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention for whole genome sequencing. Taking SARS-CoV-2 Wuhan-Hu-1 published in Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) as the reference sequence, the sequences were aligned and analyzed by MEGA X, and the phylogenetic tree was constructed by the maximum likelihood method.Results:Among 16 cases, 13 cases were imported from Russia, two cases were imported from Myanmar, and one case was imported from Ukraine. A total of 16 strains of 2019-nCoV genomes with the lengths of 29 804 bp to 29 882 bp were obtained. A total of 145 nucleotide mutations and 80 amino acid mutations were detected. Nucleotide variations of C241T, C3037T, C14408T, A23403G and the amino acid variation of D614G in spike protein were detected in all sequences. Meanwhile, insertion A at the site of 29704 was found in BetaCov/HEN02/Human/2020, BetaCov/HEN04/Human/2020 and BetaCov/HEN05/Human/2020. Deletion variation was not found. Phylogenetic analysis showed that there was no correlation between the 16 strains and currently epidemic variants of concern (VOC) .Conclusion:From May to December 2020, the detection of viral genome mutations in the imported cases of Henan Province shows randomness and diversity, while the strains are not VOC.

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