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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 188-197, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005428

ABSTRACT

The correct pairing of disulfide bonds maintains the correct folding mode and high-level structure formation of peptides and protein drugs, which is crucial for the quality control of products. In order to ensure that the disulfide bonds are correctly paired, disulfide bond analysis is an essential part of peptides and protein drug characterization. Mass spectrometry can be used to analyze disulfide bonds. However, insulin and its analogues have two pairs of disulfide bonds without restriction enzyme cutting site. Conventional collision-induced dissociation (CID) and high-energy induced cleavage (HCD) cannot accurately locate the complex disulfide bond. In our study, three methods were used to localize the complex disulfide, including enzyme digestion combined with key peptide fragment in source decay (ISD) fragmentation method, enzyme digestion combined with partial reduction alkylation method, intact protein source ISD and electron transfer dissociation (ETD) cleavage method, The applicability of insulin aspart, insulin lispro and insulin glargine were also investigated. This study provides a new way for the quality control of disulfide bonding mode of insulin and its analogues, and also provides a reference for the disulfide bond localization of peptides or proteins containing this complex disulfide bond.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 258-269, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003788

ABSTRACT

Qinghao Biejiatang, first recorded in the Detailed Analysis of Warm Diseases (《温病条辨》) written by WU Jutong in the Qing Dynasty, is composed of Artemisiae Annuae Herba, Trionycis Carapax, Rehmanniae Radix, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, and Moutan Cortex. With the effects of nourishing Yin and relieving heat, this prescription is often used to treat the syndrome of Yin deficiency and internal heat. The deficiency of healthy Qi, invasion of pathogenic toxins, loss of lung Yin, and generation of deficiency-heat are pathogenesis of lung cancer, pneumonia and other lung diseases, the treatment of which usually follows the principles of nourishing Yin, reinforcing healthy Qi, clearing lung, and eliminating heat. With the effects basically in accordance with the treatment principles of lung diseases, Qinghao Biejiatang is widely used in the treatment of lung diseases such as lung cancer-associated fever, hemoptysis or combined with bone metastasis, tuberculosis, community-acquired pneumonia, and pneumonia caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2). Basic experiments have shown that Qinghao Biejiatang may exert the therapeutic effects by reducing inflammation, maintaining immune balance, regulating intestinal flora, hormone secretion, lipid metabolism, and inhibiting tumor and oxidative damage. In addition, the main active ingredients of this prescription include artemisinin, luteolin, sitosterol, stigmasterol, polysaccharides, catalpol, paeoniflorin, quercetin, paeonol, gallic acid, timosaponin, and mangiferin, which have anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-virus, inflammation-regulating, and immunomodulatory activities. The paper reviewed the clinical and basic studies of Qinghao Biejiatang in the treatment of lung diseases, aming to provide a theoretical basis for the clinical application.

3.
Clinics ; 78: 100301, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528410

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and aims Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a multisystem disease closely linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aims to investigate the connection between early-stage NAFLD and atherosclerosis, as well as the correlation between liver fibrosis and coronary heart disease while exploring underlying inflammatory mechanisms. Methods In this retrospective study, the authors analyzed data from 607 patients who underwent both coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and abdominal ultrasonography (US). Logistic regression was utilized to examine the association between NAFLD and atherosclerosis, while mediation analysis was conducted to explore whether inflammatory markers mediate the link between liver fibrosis and coronary artery disease. Results Among the 607 patients included, 237 (39.0 %) were diagnosed with NAFLD through ultrasonography. After adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, ALT, and AST, NAFLD demonstrated a significant correlation with carotid intimal thickening (1.58, 95 % CI 1.04‒2.40; p= 0.034) and non-calcified plaque (1.56, 95 % CI 1.03‒2.37; p= 0.038). Additionally, fibrosis predictive markers, including FIB-4 > 1.3 (1.06, 95 % CI 2.30‒5.00; p= 0.035) and APRI (6.26, 95 % CI 1.03‒37.05; p= 0.046), independently correlated with coronary heart disease after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors. Conversely, among systemic inflammatory markers, only the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI) are independently associated with coronary heart disease. ROC curve analysis indicated that combining predictive fibrosis markers or inflammatory markers with traditional cardiovascular risk factors enhanced the predictive accuracy for coronary heart disease. Mediation analysis revealed that NLR fully mediated the effect of liver fibrosis on coronary heart disease. Conclusion NAFLD is associated with carotid intimal thickening and non-calcified plaque, suggesting an increased cardiovascular risk. Furthermore, liver fibrosis independently increases the risk of coronary heart disease in the early-stage NAFLD population, and inflammation may play a fully mediating role in the effect of liver fibrosis on coronary heart disease. Early intervention is crucial for NAFLD patients to mitigate future major adverse cardiovascular events.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 624-629, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965789

ABSTRACT

AIM:To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal ranibizumab combined with compound trabeculectomy and panretinal photocoagulation(PRP)compared with compound trabeculectomy combined with PRP in the treatment of neovascular glaucoma(NVG).METHODS: Databases including Wanfang database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), PubMed, EMbase, China Biomedical Document Service System(CBM), Clinicalkey, and Cochrane Library were retrieved. Literatures about intravitreal ranibizumab combined with compound trabeculectomy and PRP in the treatment of NVG in the experimental group and compound trabeculectomy and PRP in the treatment of NVG in the control group from creation of database to July 20, 2022 were searched. At the same time, relevant reference were consulted. The best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, occurrence of complications and the success rate of the surgery were systematically evaluated.RESULTS: A total of 8 clinical studies were included, with 864 patients(864 eyes)with NVG. Meta-analysis showed that the intraocular pressure of patients in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery(1wk: MD=-4.00, 95%CI: -4.62~-3.38, P<0.05; 1mo: MD=-4.11, 95%CI: -4.66~-3.56, P<0.05; 3mo: MD=-4.58, 95%CI: -5.61~-3.55, P<0.05). The best corrected visual acuity of the experimental group was better than that of the control group at 1mo after surgery(MD=0.17, 95%CI: 0.11~0.23, P<0.05), but there was no significant difference at 1wk after surgery(MD=0.08, 95%CI: -0.13~0.29, P=0.47). The patients in the experimental group had fewer complications(OR=0.30, 95%CI: 0.18~0.52, P<0.05)and higher surgical success rate(OR=5.15, 95%CI: 2.78~9.53, P<0.05).CONCLUSION:With decreased intraocular pressure, improved visual acuity and surgical success rate, intravitreal ranibizumab combined with compound trabeculectomy and PRP was better than the compound trabeculectomy and PRP in the treatment of NVG.

5.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 43-49, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005059

ABSTRACT

  Objective  Myocardial fibrosis is a potential mechanism of light-chain myocardial amyloidosis(AL-CA). This research aimed at exploring the correlation between multiparameter cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and myocardial fibrosis by relating the CMR myocardial tissue characteristics, the morphological and the functional parameters with gallium-68-labeledfibroblast activation protein inhibitor 04 positron emission tomography (68Ga-FAPI PET).  Methods  We gave the patients diagnosed with AL-CA in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August to December 2021 the examinations of CMR and 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT. We recorded and analyzed the information on clinical manifestations and examinations of the patients.  Results  A total of 23 patients with AL-CA were included, 15 (65.2%)of which were male and the mean age was 58.3±6.5 years. Patients with high 68Ga-FAPI-04 uptake had shown growth in myocardial extracellular volume (ECV), significantly higher than those in the negative group (P=0.047). In addition, patients' myocardial ECV was positively correlated with myocardial FAPI uptake (r=0.628, P=0.001;r=0.727, P < 0.001;r=0.661, P=0.001). Patients in the positive group showd reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF)(P < 0.001).LVEF (r=-0.798, P < 0.001;r=-0.794, P < 0.001; r=-0.795, P < 0.001) and right ventricular (RV)EF (r=-0.735, P < 0.001;r=-0.739, P < 0.001;r=- 0.684, P < 0.001) showd negatively correlated with myocardial FAPI uptake, LV circumferential strain (r=0.668, P < 0.001;r=0.708, P < 0.001;r=0.705, P < 0.001), LV longitudinal strain (r=0.629, P=0.001;r=0.635, P=0.001; r=0.597, P=0.003), and RV longitudinal strain (r=0.575, P=0.004; r=0.792, P < 0.001;r=0.673, P < 0.001) were negatively correlated with myocardial FAPI uptake.  Conclusions  FAPI-related fibroblast activation is concurrent with CMR-related abnormal myocardial interstitial characteristics that leads to the decreased function of the myocardial movement. Patients with increased FAPI uptake present with increased ECV, decreased EF, and decreased strain with morphological abnormalities.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 248-254, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003848

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of histone H4 in the polarization of alveolar macrophages (AM) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in mice. Methods i) The specific pathogen free male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group and 2, 4, 6 and 8 mg/kg LPS groups, with six mice in each group. The mice in the LPS groups were intratracheally administered LPS according to their respective doses, while the mice in the control group received an equivalent volume of 0.9% saline. After 12 hours, the arterial blood gas was analyzed, and the pulmonary edema and histopathological changes in lung tissues of mice in each group were observed. The level of histone H4 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay , and mice AMs of the five group were isolated using adherent method. ii) AMs from normal mice were isolated using adherent method and randomly divided into control group, histone H4 injury group, BALF injury group and anti-histone H4 antibody (anti-H4) intervention group. In the histone H4 injury group, AMs were treated with histone H4 at a final concentration of 20 mg/L. In the BALF injury group and anti-H4 intervention group, AMs were treated with 200 μL BALF supernatant from mice intratracheally administered 6 mg/kg body weight LPS, with the latter group treated with 25 mg/L anti-H4 antibody. The control group AMs were treated with phosphate-buffered saline. iii) After 12 hours of stimulation, the cells were collected, and the relative expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (Tnfa), interleukin-1β (Il1b), differentiation antigen 206 (Cd206) and arginase 1 (Arg1) in AMs was detected using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results i) Compared with the control group, mice in all four LPS groups exhibited rapid breathing, inflammatory reaction and lung edema in lung tissues, which were aggravated in a dose-dependent manner. The ratio of partial pressure of arterial oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen in mice decreased with the increase of LPS dose (P<0.05). The wet/dry weight ratio of lung, the level of histone H4 in BALF and the relative expression of Tnfa and Il1b mRNA in AMs increased with the increase of LPS dose (all P<0.05). The mice in the 6 and 8 mg/kg LPS groups developed ARDS. The level of histone H4 in BALF and the relative expression of Tnfa and Il1b mRNA in AMs of mice in 6 and 8 mg/kg LPS groups were higher than those in the other three groups (all P<0.05). ii) The relative expression of Tnfa and Il1b mRNA increased (both P<0.05), and the relative expression of Cd206 and Arg1 mRNA decreased (both P<0.05) in AMs of histone H4 injury group and BALF injury group compared with the control group. Compared with BALF injury group, the relative mRNA expression of Tnfa and Il1b in AMs of anti-H4 intervention group decreased (both P<0.05), while the relative expression of Arg1 mRNA increased (P<0.05). Conclusion LPS can induce a dose-dependent increase in histone H4 levels in BALF in mice. Histone H4 drives the development of ARDS by activating AMs to M1 polarization. Antagonizing histone H4 to interfere with AM polarization to M1 could be a target for the treatment of ARDS.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 138-145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998172

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy of Gouteng prescription in treating the patients with primary hypertension with anxiety disorder due to yang hyperactivity and heat toxin and the impact of the formula on the balance of inflammatory cytokines. MethodA total of 98 patients diagnosed with primary hypertension and anxiety disorder were randomized into control and observation groups. On the basis of conventional western medicine treatment for hypertension, the control group (47 patients) was treated with Shugan Jieyu capsules for 8 weeks, while the treatment group (51 patients) with Gouteng prescription for 8 weeks. The two groups were compared in terms of the blood pressure level, 24-hour blood pressure variability, Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score, quality of life (SF-36 scale) score, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score and efficacy, incidence of adverse reactions, and the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-4 in the serum of peripheral blood. ResultThe final trial was completed with 95 patients, including 46 in the control group and 49 in the observation group. The treatment in both groups lowered the blood pressure and blood pressure variability (P<0.05, P<0.01). The observation group outperformed the control group in recovering the systolic blood pressure (SBP), 24-hour mean systolic blood pressure (24 h SBP), 24-hour systolic blood pressure variability (24 h SBPV), and 24-hour diastolic blood pressure variability (24 h DBPV) (P<0.05). After treatment, the HAMA and PSQI scores in both groups decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the observation group had lower HAMA and PSQI scores than the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those before treatment, the SF-36 scores in both groups increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment, the observation group had higher scores of physiological function (PF), bodily pain (BP), social function (SF), role-emotional (RE), and mental health (MH) indicators than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM syndrome scores in both groups decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the observation group had lower score than the control group (P<0.05). The total response rate regarding TCM syndrome in the observation group was 85.71% (42/49), which was higher than that (63.04%, 29/46) in the control group (χ2=6.621, P<0.05). The treatment in both groups lowered the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6) and elevated the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, IL-4) (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the changes were more obvious in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). There were no adverse events during the research process. ConclusionGouteng prescription can recover the blood pressure level, reduce blood pressure variability, suppress anxiety state, improve sleep and quality of life, decrease TCM syndrome score, increase total response rate, lower serum IL-1β and IL-6 levels, and elevate serum IL-10 and IL-4 levels in the patients with primary hypertension complicated with anxiety disorder due to yang hyperactivity and heat toxin. It may exert the effects by regulating the balance of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 35-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and clinical value of holographic image technology in intracranial tumor surgery.Methods:A total of 40 patients with intracranial tumors in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University from November 2020 to March 2021 were randomly divided into the experimental group (20 cases) and the control group (20 cases) based on the random number table. Patients in the experimental group underwent craniotomy assisted by holographic technology, while patients in the control group underwent conventional craniotomy. The Karnofsky performance status scores of patients before the operation and 7 days after the operation were recorded, and the self-rating anxiety scale was applied to evaluate the anxiety of the patients' families.Results:The head CT 12 h after surgery showed no tumor cavity hyperdensity in all patients. The head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 72 h after surgery revealed 17 cases of total resection and 3 cases of subtotal resection in the experimental group; in the control group, there were 16 cases of total resection and 4 cases of subtotal resection. In the experimental group, 1 patient's left lower limb muscle strength was grade Ⅱ after the operation and recovered to grade Ⅴ-at discharge. In the control group, the left limb muscle strength of 2 patients was grade Ⅲ after the operation and recovered to grade Ⅴ at discharge. The patients with Karnofsky scores of 60, 70, 80, 90, 100 scores were found in 1 case, 5 cases, 8 cases, 6 cases, 0, respectively of the experimental group and 0, 4 cases, 9 cases, 6 cases, 1 case, respectively of the control group before the operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( P > 0.05); the patients with Karnofsky scores of 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100 scores were found in 1 case, 0, 0, 7 cases, 9 cases,3 cases, respectively of the experimental group and 0, 3 cases, 6 cases, 4 cases, 5 cases, 2 cases, respectively of the control group after the operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( P = 0.018). The difference of Karnofsky score before and after the operation in the experimental group was statistically significant ( P = 0.029), while there was no statistically significant difference in the Karnofsky score before and after the operation in the control group ( P = 0.241). There were 8 cases, 9 cases, 2 cases and 1 case of non-anxiety, mild anxiety, moderate anxiety, severe anxiety, respectively in the experimental group and 3 cases, 4 cases, 8 cases and 4 cases of non-anxiety, mild anxiety, moderate anxiety, severe anxiety, respectively in the control group before the operation; there were 9 cases, 9 cases, 2 cases and 0 case of non-anxiety, mild anxiety, moderate anxiety, severe anxiety, respectively in the experimental group and 2 cases, 5 cases, 9 cases and 4 cases of non-anxiety, mild anxiety, moderate anxiety, severe anxiety, respectively in the control group after the operation. The preoperative and postoperative anxiety scores of the experimental group were all lower than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (preoperative P = 0.016,postoperative P = 0.002). Conclusions:Holographic technology can assist in formulating an accurate surgical plan before intracranial tumor surgery, intuitively display the anatomical relationship between the tumor and its surrounding important tissues during operation, reduce the surgical side injuries and decrease the anxiety of the patients' family.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 98-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995364

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for primary achalasia (AC) in patients aged over 60 years.Methods:Data of 146 patients aged ≥60 years (the elderly group) and 146 patients aged 18-59 years (the adult group) who received POEM from November 2010 to September 2019 at the Digestive Endoscopy Center of PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Baseline data, surgery data, surgery-related complications and surgery-related efficacy were compared.Results:There was no significant difference in gender, Ling classification, HRM classification or previous treatment between the two groups ( P>0.05). All 292 patients successfully underwent POEM surgery. The clinical success (Eckardt score ≤3) rates in the elderly group and the adult group were 96.33% (105/109) and 96.77% (90/93), respectively with no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.030, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the length of myotomy between the two groups (7.09±2.49 cm VS 7.12±2.24 cm, t=0.472, P>0.05). Complications occurred in 26 cases (17.81%) in the elderly group and 21 cases (14.38%) in the adult group with no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.634, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the postoperative hospital stay (12.61±9.69 days VS 11.00±4.43 days, t=1.825, P>0.05) or the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux [43.33% (13/30) VS 51.52% (17/33), χ2=0.422, P>0.05] between the elderly group and the adult group. Conclusion:The efficacy of POEM for AC patients over 60 years old is equivalent to that of adult patients, and the incidence of complications is similar. POEM is safe and effective for AC patients over 60 years old.

10.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 298-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of ceftazidime/avibactam(CZA)plus aztreonam(ATM)for New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase(NDM)carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae(CRKP)infection after kidney transplantation.Methods:Clinical data are retrospectively reviewed for 11 RT recipients infected with NDM metallo-β-lactamase CRKP admitted into First Affiliated Hospital of Xi 'an Jiaotong University and Affiliated Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University from November 2018 to December 2019.Based upon treatment protocol, they are divided into two groups of ceftazidime/avibactam plus aztreonam(CZA-ATM, 5 cases)and other effective antibiotics(OAA, 6 cases).Age, gender, infection type, drug resistance gene, changes in body temperature and leucocyte count, treatment course and prognosis are summarized.Results:A total of 11 patients with NDM-producing CRKP infection after RT are recruited.There are seven males and four females with an age range of(19~66)(38.9±14.4)years.There are mixed pulmonary and urinary tract infections(3 cases), urinary tract infection(2 cases), pulmonary infection(1 case)and perirenal infection(5 cases).All isolates harbore NDM carbapenemase gene, 5 isolates carry Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase(KPC)gene and 1 isolate contained both imipenemase metallo-β-lactamase(IMP)and verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase(VIM)gene concurrently.Ceftazidime-avibactam plus aztreonam(CZA-ATM)is prescribed in five patients while the remainders receive OAA.No adverse reactions occurred in individuals on CZA-ATM and 2 cases on OAA have adverse reactions with a poor appetite and diarrhea.After 30-day infection, the curative cases of CZA-ATM and OAAs groups reach 4 and 5 respectively.No death occurred in neither groups at Day 30.And 90-day mortality is 0 and 1 respectively.Conclusions:For RT patients infected with NDM-producing CRKP, CZA-ATM combination therapy may be another effective treatment.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 224-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994010

ABSTRACT

Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate is a rare pathological type of prostate cancer. We reported one case. The patient went to see a doctor because of intermittent hematuria. He was diagnosed as prostate adenocarcinoma before operation. He underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Postoperative pathological examination showed mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate. The patient was followed up for six months. Imaging showed no signs of recurrence and metastasis with normal tPSA.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 429-432, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993615

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has rapidly ravaged the world and infected hundreds of millions of people since its outbreak. Early diagnosis of COVID-19 is conducive to the control of virus transmission and the timely treatment of patients. Among the imaging techniques, chest CT is an important basis for the diagnosis and evaluation of COVID-19. 18F-FDG PET is not generally recommended as a routine diagnostic tool for COVID-19, but it plays an important role in the assessment of SARS-CoV-2-related events based on the characteristic of whole-body multi-systemic scan and functional imaging diagnosis. In this paper, the application of 18F-FDG PET in COVID-19 diagnosis, prognostic evaluation and long-term sequelae evaluation, and clinical performance of 18F-FDG PET after COVID-19 vaccine are summarized on the basis of literature research and clinical reports analysis. Furthermore, the application and development direction of other new molecular probes for nuclear medicine in COVID-19 are prospected.

13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 111-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971502

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of licochalcone A (LCA) on the proliferation and cell cycle of human lung squamous carcinoma cells and explore its possible molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#MTT assay was used to detect the changes in proliferation of H226 cells after treatment with different concentrations of LCA for 48 h, and the IC50 of LCA was calculated. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle changes in H226 cells treated with 10, 20, and 40 μmol/L LCA, and the expressions of cyclin D1, cyclin-dependent kinase CDK2 and CDK4, and p-PI3K, PI3K, p-Akt, and Akt in the treated cells were detected using Western blotting. The effect of intraperitoneal injection of LCA for 24 days on tumor volume and weight was assessed in a BALB/c-nu mouse model bearing lung squamous carcinoma xenografts.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that LCA significantly decreased the viability of H226 cells with an IC50 of 28.3 μmol/L at 48 h. Flow cytometry suggested that LCA treatment induced obvious cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. LCA treatment also significantly decreased the expressions of cyclin D1, CDK2, and CDK4, and inhibited the phosphorylation of PI3K and Akt in H226 cells. In the tumor-bearing mice, LCA treatment for 24 days significantly reduced the tumor volume and weight.@*CONCLUSION@#LCA is capable of inhibiting the proliferation and inducing cell cycle arrest in lung squamous carcinoma cells possibility by regulating the PI3K/Akt singling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Cyclin D1 , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Lung Neoplasms , Signal Transduction , Lung
14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 333-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971456

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse the clinical effect of endoscopy-assisted functional rhinoplasty. Methods: Twenty-one patients with congenital or traumatic deviated nose with nasal obstruction admitted to Qilu Hospital (Qingdao) from January 2018 to December 2021, including 8 males and 13 females, aged 22 to 46 years, were retrospectively analysed. Endoscopy-assisted functional rhinoplasty was performed in all patients. Deviated nasal septum was corrected, nasal septum cartilage graft was prepared through open approach assisted by endoscopy, the nasal frame structure was adjusted with the endoscopy-assisted rhinoplasty combined with middle and inferior turbinoplasty, and the patient's nasal ventilation function and external nose cosmetology were restored. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE), nasal acoustic reflex and nasal resistance were examined preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. The minimum cross-sectional area of the first two nasal cavities (MCA) MCA1 and MCA2 and their distance between nostrils to the minimum cross-sectional area (MD) MD1 and MD2 were recorded, and the ratio of both sides (expressed in a/b) was calculated. The nasal volume of 5 cm depth from nostril (NV5) and nasal resistance total (RT) were recorded to evaluate the nasal ventilation function to analyse the clinical effect of functional rhinoplasty assisted by nasal endoscope. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: At 6 months after the operation, for nasal ventilation evaluation, the VAS and NOSE scores of nasal obstruction decreased significantly than those before the operation ((1.81±0.81) points vs (6.71±1.38) points, (4.19±2.06) points vs (12.05±2.67) points, all P<0.05). In the objective indexes, MCA1, MCA2 and NV5 were significantly increased whereas RT, MCA1a/MCA1b, MCA2a/MCA2b, MD1a/MD1b and MD2a/MD2b were significantly decreased compared with those before the operation (all P<0.05). The MD1 and MD2 levels before and after operation had no significant differences (all P>0.05). In the evaluation of external nose morphology, postoperative ROE was significantly increased, and the deviation value of nasal appearance was significantly decreased ((16.19±2.56) points vs (10.24±3.24) points, (1.55±1.16) mm vs (5.63±2.41) mm, all P<0.05). In terms of postoperative patient satisfaction, 19 cases (90.5%) were very satisfied with nasal ventilation function, 2 cases (9.5%) were satisfied with nasal ventilation function; 15 cases (71.4%) were very satisfied with nasal appearance, and 6 cases (28.6%) were satisfied with nasal appearance. Conclusions: Nasal endoscopy-assisted functional rhinoplasty can improve the nasal ventilation function and external nasal morphology at the same time, with good clinical effect and high patient satisfaction.

15.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 604-613, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981093

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Campylobacter jejuni NCTC11168 is commonly used as a standard strain for flagellar biosynthesis research. In this report, two distinguished phenotypic isolates (CJ1Z, flhA mutant strain, lawn; CJ2S, flhA complemented strain, normal colony) appeared during laboratory passages for NCTC11168.@*METHODS@#Phenotypic assessments, including motility plates, transmission electron microscopy, biofilm formation assay, autoagglutination assay, and genome re-sequencing for these two isolates (CJ1Z, flhA mutant strain; CJ2S, flhA complemented strain) were carried out in this study.@*RESULTS@#Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the flagellum was lost in CJ1Z. Phenotypic assessments and genome sequencing of the two isolates were performed in this study. The capacity for biofilm formation, colony auto-agglutination, and isolate motility was reduced in the mutant CJ1Z. Comparative genomic analysis indicated a unique native nucleotide insertion in flhA (nt, 2154) that caused the I719Y and I720Y mutations and early truncation in flhA.@*CONCLUSION@#FlhA has been found to influence the expression of flagella in C. jejuni. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to describe the function of the C-terminal of this protein.


Subject(s)
Campylobacter jejuni/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Mutation , Biological Variation, Population
16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 451-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981020

ABSTRACT

Serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) plays an important role in the physiological processes of hormone release, neuronal excitation and cell proliferation. SGK1 also participates in the pathophysiological processes of inflammation and apoptosis in the central nervous system (CNS). Increasing evidence demonstrates that SGK1 may serve as a target of the intervention of neurodegenerative diseases. In this article, we summarize the recent progress on the role and molecular mechanisms of SGK1 in the regulation of the function of the CNS. We also discuss the potential of newly discovered SGK1 inhibitors in the treatment of CNS diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Proliferation , Central Nervous System Diseases/drug therapy , Inflammation , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/physiology
17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1517-1521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980545

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the relationship between the levels of chemokine receptor 2(CXCR2)and basic fibroblast growth factor(bFGF)in aqueous humor and the prognosis of trabeculectomy in patients with acute primary angle-closure glaucoma(APACG).METHODS: A total of 80 cases(80 eyes)APACG patients who underwent trabeculectomy in our hospital from June 2020 to January 2022 were collected in the case group. According to the postoperative efficacy, they were grouped into a success group of 60 cases(60 eyes)and a failure group of 20 cases(20 eyes). Another 86 cataract patients(86 eyes)who underwent phacoemulsification with normal intraocular pressure in our hospital during the same period were included in the control group. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was applied to detect the levels of CXCR2 and bFGF in aqueous humor. ROC curve was applied to analyze the value of predicting trabeculectomy failure in APACG patients by the levels of CXCR2 and bFGF in aqueous humor. Furthermore, multivariate Logistic regression was applied to analyze the influencing factors of trabeculectomy failure in APACG patients.RESULTS: The levels of CXCR2 and bFGF in the aqueous humor of the case group were significantly higher than those of the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The levels of CXCR2 and bFGF in the aqueous humor of the failed group and the proportion of patients with postoperative shallow anterior chamber were significantly higher than those of the successful group(P&#x003C;0.05). The AUC for predicting trabeculectomy failure in APACG patients using CXCR2 and bFGF levels alone and in combination was 0.885, 0.883 and 0.953, respectively. CXCR2 and bFGF were independent risk factors for trabeculectomy failure in APACG patients(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The levels of CXCR2 and bFGF in the aqueous humor of APACG patients are obviously elevated, and both are risk factors for trabeculectomy failure.

18.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 523-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979746

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia and improve the diagnosis and treatment skills of clinicians on this disease. Methods The clinical data of thirty-nine Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia cases detected by metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) from September 2020 to January 2022 at the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Results There was a history of poultry exposure in 89.7%(35 cases) of the patients. The most common clinical manifestations were high fever (92.3%, 36), cough (76.9%,30), muscle soreness (48.7%,19), headache (38.5%,15), etc. Laboratory examinations showed 76.9% of patients had a normal leukocyte count, and 76.9% had decreased lymphocyte count, often accompanied by elevated C-reactive protein (100%), procalcitonin (97.4%), interleukin-6 (95.8%), interleukin-10 (95.8%), alanine aminotransferase (74.4%), and aspartate aminotransferase (84.6%). Univariate analysis indicated that there were statistically significant differences in the levels of aspartate transaminase, blood urea nitrogen, C-reactive protein, and procalcitonin between severe pneumonia patients and non-severe pneumonia patients(P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that an elevated blood urea nitrogen (OR=4.899) had guiding significance for predicting the occurrence of severe pneumonia. Bronchoscopy examination showed no abnormalities in 53.6% of the patients. The imaging manifestations of pulmonary lesions were mainly lobar pneumonia (61.5%) and air bronchograms (94.9%). Therapeutically, it was sensitive to tetracyclines, macrocyclic lactones, and fluoroquinolones. A total of 84.6%(33 cases) of the patients were cured and discharged from the hospital at the end of the treatment. Conclusion Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia is a zoonotic disease that can be detected by mNGS. An elevated blood urea nitrogen level has guiding significance for predicting the occurrence of severe pneumonia. Empirically-selected regimens based on doxycycline are effective for the treatment of Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia.

19.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 121-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979600

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To develop a real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) method for qualitative and quantitative Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) analysis. Methods Based on the systematic analysis of the genomic sequences of Chikungunya and its related arboviruses, the specific nucleic acid sequences for Chikungunya virus were screened and identified, and then the primers and TaqMan probe were designed. Meanwhile, the human GAPDH gene was used as an internal reference. The reaction system for qRT-PCR was systematically optimized by L9(34) orthogonal design, and a rapid detection method for Chikungunya by qRT-PCR based on TaqMan probe methods was established. The sensitivity, specificity, reproducibility, and coverage of the established method were analyzed in detail. The standard curve was made, and the absolute quantitative method was established using the cloned nucleic acid fragments as positive samples. Results A real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR assay was developed for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of Chikungunya virus. The reaction system included Chikungunya virus and reference internal gene specific primers and probe, RT/Taq enzyme mixture, reaction buffer, and negative and positive reference. The established method obtained positive results with the ROSS strain of ECSA subtype, LR2006 strain of IOL branch, 181/25 strain of Asian type and Dongguan 2010 epidemic strains of Chikungunya virus, but there was no cross-reaction with other 18 arboviruses belonging to Flaviviruses, Alphaviruses and Bunyavirus. The minimum detection limit of the established method was 5.80 copies/mL, and a linear relationship was observed between the amount of input plasmid DNA and fluorescence signal value over a range of 5.80×102 copies/mL to 5.80×1010 copies/mL, and the correlation coefficient was 0.999 5. The qRT-PCR amplification efficiency was 91%, and the intra-assay variations and inter-assay variations were 0.01-0.07 and 0.03-0.11, respectively. Conclusions The TaqMan qRT-PCR method developed in this study can qualitatively and quantitatively detect Chikungunya virus rapidly with specificity and sensitivity, providing a technical method for the prevention and control of this viral disease.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1523-1528, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978815

ABSTRACT

The vast majority of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in China originate from hepatitis B cirrhosis, while 90% of cirrhotic patients may develop portal hypertension, and the HCC patients with portal hypertension account for 15%-30%. Portal hypertension is a group of clinical syndromes characterized by elevated portal venous pressure and formation of portal-systemic collateral circulation, and it is one of the most important complications of liver cirrhosis. HCC and portal hypertension affect each other, and portal hypertension seriously affects the prognosis of HCC patients. The development of systemic treatment regimens for HCC provides more treatment options for patients with advanced HCC, including molecular-targeted drug therapy, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy. Different systemic therapeutic drugs for HCC have different impacts on portal hypertension, and this article reviews the effect of commonly used systemic therapeutic drugs for HCC on portal hypertension.

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