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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927964

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Shuxuetong Injection in the treatment of stroke in progressive. Randomized controlled trials of Shuxuetong Injection in the treatment of stroke in progressive were searched from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CMB, PubMed and EMbase. After strict literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation, a total of 22 articles were included for analysis by RevMan 5.3. The Meta-analysis showed that Shuxuetong Injection combined with conventional treatment was superior to the conventional treatment alone in the major outcome indicators including effective rate(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.20, 1.33], Z=9.18, P<0.000 01), deterioration rate(RR=0.38, 95%CI[0.22, 0.68], Z=3.31, P=0.000 9), NIHSS scores(MD=-3.89, 95%CI[-4.34,-3.43], Z=16.83, P<0.000 01), CSS scores(MD=-5.59, 95%CI[-6.42,-4.76], Z=13.20, P<0.000 01) and activity of daily living scores(MD=12.02, 95%CI[10.31, 13.72], Z=13.83, P<0.000 01), mortality during treatment was not increased(RR=0.40, 95%CI[0.13, 1.26], Z=1.56, P=0.12). Moreover, Shuxuetong Injection combined with conventional treatment further reduced the secondary outcome indicators including fibrinogen(MD=-0.35, 95%CI[-0.58,-0.13], Z=3.09, P=0.002), triglyceride(MD=-0.38, 95%CI[-0.67,-0.10], Z=2.65, P=0.008), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(MD=-0.72, 95%CI[-0.83,-0.61], Z=12.64, P<0.000 01), serum hypersensitive C-reactive protein(MD=-4.41, 95%CI[-6.96,-1.86], Z=3.38, P=0.000 7), and interleukin-6(MD=-5.43, 95%CI[-6.91,-3.96], Z=7.22, P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation results showed that the major outcome indicators had low quality of evidence. Shuxuetong Injection in the treatment of stroke in progressive can improve the clinical effective rate, reduce the deterioration rate, improve the neurological function and activity of daily living, down-regulate the levels of fibrinogen, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and alleviate the inflammatory response. Although most studies have reported no adverse reactions, there are selective reports. The safety of Shuxuetong Injection needs to be further verified by more high-quality randomized controlled trial.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Injections , Stroke/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927678

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been engendering enormous hazards to the world. We obtained the complete genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 from imported cases admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, which was appointed by the Guangdong provincial government to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The SARS-CoV-2 diversity was analyzed, and the mutation characteristics, time, and regional trend of variant emergence were evaluated.@*Methods@#In total, 177 throat swab samples were obtained from COVID-19 patients (from October 2020 to May 2021). High-throughput sequencing technology was used to detect the viral sequences of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. Phylogenetic and molecular evolutionary analyses were used to evaluate the mutation characteristics and the time and regional trends of variants.@*Results@#We observed that the imported cases mainly occurred after January 2021, peaking in May 2021, with the highest proportion observed from cases originating from the United States. The main lineages were found in Europe, Africa, and North America, and B.1.1.7 and B.1.351 were the two major sublineages. Sublineage B.1.618 was the Asian lineage (Indian) found in this study, and B.1.1.228 was not included in the lineage list of the Pangolin web. A reasonably high homology was observed among all samples. The total frequency of mutations showed that the open reading frame 1a (ORF1a) protein had the highest mutation density at the nucleotide level, and the D614G mutation in the spike protein was the commonest at the amino acid level. Most importantly, we identified some amino acid mutations in positions S, ORF7b, and ORF9b, and they have neither been reported on the Global Initiative of Sharing All Influenza Data nor published in PubMed among all missense mutations.@*Conclusion@#These results suggested the diversity of lineages and sublineages and the high homology at the amino acid level among imported cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Guangdong Province, China.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , COVID-19/epidemiology , Genomics , Humans , Mutation , Phylogeny , SARS-CoV-2/genetics
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1272-1276, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876898

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide referenc e for the construction and software development of knowledge base for rational use of TCM decoction pieces. METHODS :By reviewing the literatures on rational drug use software and TCM decoction pieces in recent years ,the clinical characteristics of rational drug use of TCM decoction pieces as well as the characteristics and shortcomings of existing rational drug use software in the detection of rational drug use of TCM decoction pieces were analyzed , and the core contents and difficulties in the construction of knowledge base of rational drug use software of TCM decoction pieces were summarized. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :Clinical application of TCM decoction pieces was mainly based on “syndrome differentiation”,which reflected the unity of dialectics ,treatment,prescription selection and medication. Therefore ,the consideration of the rationality of clinical use of TCM decoction pieces could not blindly imitate the evaluation method of chemical medicine. Current rational drug use software was not based on the theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine ,and it was not comprehensive and mature in the aspect of rational drug use review of TCM decoction pieces ,and lacks the knowledge base that could meet the requirements of rational use of TCM decoction pieces. Therefore ,it is necessary to construct a set of knowledge base which can meet the evaluation requirements of “consistency of principle ,method and prescription use ”of TCM decoction pieces under the guidance of TCM theoretical system. Its contents include that patient information collection ,construction of knowledge base related to diseases and syndromes ,selection of processed products of TCM dec oction pieces ,addition andsubtraction of clinical symptoms ,selection taboo of varieties of TCM decoction pieces , compatibility taboo , combined application of Chinese patent medicine or chemical medicine , dosage of TCM decoction pieces , total dosage and tastquantity of each prescription , special de coction drugs , medication methods and administration frequency ,etc. There are still some difficulties in the development of rational drug use software of TCM decoction pieces ,such as the construction of disease and syndrome related knowledge base and the difficulty in judging the rationality of clinical symptom addition and subtraction.

4.
Journal of Stroke ; : 1-11, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874960

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The present study aimed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of different blood pressure (BP)-lowering strategies. @*Methods@#Randomized controlled trials that compared various antihypertensive treatments and stroke outcomes were included. Eligible trials were categorized into three scenarios: single or combination antihypertensive agents against placebos; single or combination agents against other agents; and different BP-lowering targets. The primary efficacy outcome was the risk reduction pertaining to strokes. The tolerability outcome was the withdrawal of drugs, owing to drug-related side effects (PROSPERO registration number CRD42018118454 [20/12/2018]). @*Results@#The present study included 93 trials (average follow-up duration, 3.3 years). In the pairwise analysis, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEis) and beta-blockers (BBs) were inferior to calcium channel blockers (CCBs) (odds ratio [OR], 1.123; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.008 to 1.252) (OR, 1.261; 95% CI, 1.116 to 1.425) for stroke prevention, BB was inferior to angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) (OR, 1.361; 95% CI, 1.142 to 1.622), and diuretics were superior to ACEi (OR, 0.871; 95% CI, 0.771 to 0.984). The combination of ACEi+CCB was superior to ACEi+diuretic (OR, 0.892; 95% CI, 0.823 to 0.966). The network meta-analysis confirmed that diuretics were superior to BB (OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.58), ACEi+diuretic (OR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.02 to 2.08), BB+CCB (OR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.05 to 3.79), and renin inhibitors (OR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.25 to 2.75) for stroke prevention. Regarding the tolerability profile, the pairwise analysis revealed that ACEi was inferior to CCB and less tolerable, compared to the other treatments. @*Conclusions@#Monotherapy using diuretics, CCB, or ARB, and their combinations could be employed as first-line treatments for stroke prevention in terms of efficacy and tolerability.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873748

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of persistent Echinococcus multilocularis infections on hepatic fibrosis in mice, so as to provide insights into the understanding of liver fibrogenesis induced by E. multilocularis infections and the treatment of alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Hepatic stellate HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells were exposed to the sera (25, 50 and 100 μL) from Meriones unguiculatus infected with E. multilocularis, and E. multilocularis, germinal layer cells (GCs) and protoscoleces (PSCs) for 48 hours, respectively. The cell proliferation was measured using a CCK-8 assay, and the levels of collagen 1 (Col1) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were measured in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells using ELISA. In addition, the serum and liver samples were collected 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 months post-infection with E. multilocularis, respectively. The serum Col1 and α-SMA concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the deposition of collagen fibers was examined in mice livers using Sirius red staining. Results The sera of E. multilocularis-infected gerbils promoted the proliferation of HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells in vitro, and there were significant differences seen in the proliferative rate of HSC-T6 (FHSC-T6 = 126.50, P < 0.05) and LX-2 cells (FLX-2 = 201.50, P < 0.05) among different serum groups, with the highest proliferative rate of HSC-T6 (573.36% ± 206.34%) and LX-2 cells (940.38% ± 61.65%) found following exposure to 100 μL mouse sera. Exposure to serum from E. multilocularis-infected gerbils resulted in an increase in the Col1 and α-SMA levels in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells, with the greatest Col1 (20.99 ng/mL ± 2.01 ng/mL) and α-SMA levels (305.52 pg/mL ± 16.67 pg/mL) measured following exposure to 100 μL sera. The metacestodes (142.65% ± 9.17% and 189.99% ± 7.75%), GCs (118.55% ± 8.96% and 122.54% ± 0.21%) and PSCs of E. multilocularis (156.34% ± 17.45% and 160.59% ± 31.41%) all promoted the proliferation of HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells in vitro, and there were significant differences in the proliferative rates of HSC-T6 (FHSC-T6 = 11.24, P < 0.05) and LX-2 cells among groups (FLX-2 = 47.72, P < 0.05). Exposure to E. multilocularis resulted in an increase in Col1 and α-SMA levels in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells, and the highest Col1 (4.43 ng/mL ± 2.23 ng/mL) and α-SMA levels (285.20 pg/mL ± 90.67 pg/mL) were detected following treatment with E. multilocularis metacestodes. In addition, a persistent increase was seen in the deposition of collagen fibers in mice livers 1 to 8 months post-infection with E. multilocularis, with the greatest Col1 level (280.26 ng/mL ± 23.04 ng/mL) seen 6 months post-infection and the highest α-SMA level (33.68 ng/mL ± 4.45 ng/mL) detected 8 months post-infection, respectively. Conclusions Persistent E. multilocularis infections promote hepatic stellate cell proliferation, induce an increase in mouse serum Col1 and α-SMA levels, and cause elevated deposition of collagen fibers in mice livers. The infective stage of E. multilocularis is a critical period for inducing hepatic fibrosis of alveolar echinococcosis.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 130-137, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872610

ABSTRACT

With the implementation of the two-child policy and the growing demand for child health, pediatric medication has been arousing widespread social concern. To develop the drugs suitable for children, including new compounds, new specifications and new dosage forms, is urgently required for pharmaceutical researchers. In this review, several technical bottlenecks for pediatric oral liquid preparations, as well as the novel strategies involved in drug nanocrystals, self-microemulsion, ion exchange resin and Pickering emulsion were discussed, which may be benefit to play a theoretical guiding role in the research and development of children's oral liquid formulation.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1616-1622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate and study the problems in the items labeling of Chinese patent medicine instructions in National Essential Medicines List ,and to provide reference for rational drug use and instruction revision. METHODS :Totally 268 Chinese patent medicines contained in the 2018 edition of National Essential Medicines List ,including 465 instructions of different . An dard docetaxel as first-line therapy in patients with meta - economic evaluation of docetaxel and paclitaxel regimens in metastatic breast cancer in the UK[J]. Pharmacoeco - dosage forms ,were collected ,and the labeling rate and content problems of drug instructions were counted. RESULTS :Of the 465 instructions,86.88% were labeled with cautions. The labeling rates of ADR ,pharmacokinetics,contraindications,drug interactions , clinical trials ,pharmacological toxicology and pharmacological action were low ,being 20.64%,0.21%,30.1%,1.07%,2.36%, 8.81%,1.93%. All other items were labeled. Incomplete description of ingredients ,incomplete information of decoction pieces and excipients accounted for 2.15% and 48.81%,respectively;the expression of functional indications was varied ,and there were 12 expression methods ,among which 16.5% of indications lacked TCM indications ;specifications were not uniform ,and there were 5 expression methods ;usage and dosage were not clearly marked ,and 465 instructions did not mention the usage and dosage for the elderly or pregnant and lactating women. Drug interactions ,ADR,matters needing attention and contraindications were not fully described with no substantive content ;only 0.64% marked interaction with chemical medicine and 12.68% marked contraindication content. CONCLUSIONS :There are some problems in the description of Chinese patent medicine instructions in 2018 edition of National Essential Medicine List ,such as non-standard and incomplete. It is suggested to strengthen efforts to establish and improve the information collection and feedback mechanism of Chinese patent medicine ,and introduce policies to support enterprises to carry out basic and clinical research after listing ;and through actively carrying out basic and clinical research in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine ,guided by the theory of traditional Chinese medicine ,combined with the latest research results ,so as to further improve the contents of Chinese patent medicine instructions.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1582-1588, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922299

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#The clinical data of 53 COVID-19 patients were collected from a single center in Wuhan from February 8, 2020 to March 25, 2020. The patients were divided into severe type group (38 patients) and critical type group (15 patients). The clinical characteristics, indexes of liver function, coagulation function and inflammatory markers were analyzed retrospectively. According to the degree of abnormal liver function in the process of diagnosis and treatment, the patients were divided into three groups: combined liver injury, mild abnormal liver function and normal liver function group. Statistical analysis was performed by using Student t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#Among the 53 patients, 29 were male (54.7%) and 24 were female (45.3%), the median age was 57(27-80) years old. The time from onset to admission was (11.5±7.7) days. The levels of AST, TBIL, DBIL, ALP, GGT, LDH, D-dimer, PCT and hsCRP in critical patients were higher than those in severe patients (P<0.05). The levels of Alb in critical patients was lower than those in severe patients (P<0.05). Among the 53 patients, 34 (64%) patients showed abnormal elevation of ALT, AST or TBIL, while 4 (7.5%) patients showed the criteria of COVID-19 with liver injury. After the patients were grouping according to the degree of liver dysfunction, the levels of ALP, GGT and D-dimer of the patients in the liver injury group were significantly higher than those in the normal liver function group, D-dimer levels of the patients in the liver injury group was significantly higher than those in the mild abnormal liver function group, while the levels of ALP and GGT in the mild abnormal liver function group were significantly higher than those in the normal liver function group, and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In this group, the patients with COVID-19 severe/critical type have a certain proportion of liver injury accompanied by significantly increased D-dimer levels, critical type patients have more severe liver function and coagulation dysfunction, which may promote the progression of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Coagulation Disorders , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Liver , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3503-3510, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906846

ABSTRACT

Fifteen alkaloid compounds were isolated from the 70% aqueous alcohol extract of Stephania tetrandra S. Moore by silica gel, reversed phase silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography. They were identified as tetrandraside A (1), (Z)-N-formyl-nornuciferin (2), (E)-N-formyl-nornuciferin (3), salutaridine (4), salutaridine N-oxide (5), (E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-N-[2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]-2 propenamide (6), dauriporphine (7), sinomenine (8), liriodenine (9), α-magnoflorine (10), (1S)-4'-β-glucosylcoclaurine (11), tetrandrine (12), fangchinoline (13), tetrandrine 2'-β-oxide (14), and tetrandrine 2'-α-oxide (15), respectively, by MS, NMR and single crystal diffraction. Among them, compound 1 is a new alkaloid glycoside. Compounds 2-11 were obtained from this plant for the first time. These compounds showed obvious cytotoxic activity against drug-resistant lung cancer cell line H1299, and compound 9 had the best activity, with an IC50 of 5.38 μmol·L-1.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906314

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of neurological diseases has been increasing year by year. To give full play to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of neurological disorders, identify the breakthrough point of integrating TCM with western medicine, and further standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of TCM, the China Association of Chinese Medicine organized neurologists in TCM and western medicine to carry out in-depth discussion on the neurological diseases responding specifically to TCM and integrated TCM and western medicine, such as stroke, headache, vertigo, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy, aiming to formulate a well-recognized and integrated treatment protocol for TCM and western medicine and improve the efficacy of neurological disorders. Furthermore, the treatment suggestions of the corresponding diseases in TCM and western medicine were proposed to provide references for clinical practice and scientific research.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect and related mechanism of Fuyou granule on danazol-induced precocious puberty model in rats. Method:Totally 21 cages of SD female rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Leuprorelin(0.1 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Fuyou mixture group(37.9 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose, mid-dose and low dose Fuyou granule<italic> </italic>groups(17.0,8.5,4.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Rats at 5 days of age were given a single subcutaneous injection of 300 μg danazol to establish the precocious puberty model. After 10 days of modeling, drug intervention was started. Vaginal opening was examined at the age of 20 days, and the gonadal development was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The levels of serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>) were determined by radioimmunoassay. The mRNA expressions of hypothalamic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), Kiss-1, G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54) were detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the expression of GnRH cells in the hypothalamus was detected by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the normal group, the vaginal opening of the model group was significantly earlier, and the uterus and ovarian coefficients were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), indicating that the danazol-induced precocious puberty model was successfully established. The expression levels of GnRH, Kiss-1, and GPR54 also increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), indicating that the danazol model can activate the HPG axis in advance, thereby inducing precocious puberty<bold>. </bold>Compared with the model group, the mid-dose Fuyou granule group significantly delayed the time of vaginal opening (<italic>P</italic><0.01), high-dose Fuyou granule group<italic> </italic>significantly reduced uterine wall thickness and uterine coefficient (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), mid-dose group reduced ovarian coefficient and uterine wall thickness (<italic>P</italic><0.05). All the three dosage groups of Fuyou granule significantly reduced the content of serum hormones E<sub>2</sub>, LH and FSH (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced the expression levels of hypothalamic GnRH, Kiss-1 and GPR54 mRNA (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and decreased the expression of GnRH cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Fuyou granule can achieve therapeutic precocity by regulating the Kiss-1/GPR54 system and down-regulating the expression of GnRH to inhibit the activation of the HPG axis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Qigesan on the proliferation and apoptosis of the human esophageal cancer cell EC9706, and the effect on miR-133a/protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. Method:The effective constituent of Qigesan was extracted by ethyl acetate. Thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide(MTT) colorimetric assay was used to determine the dosage of Qigesan on cells and to detect the effect of Qigesan on the proliferation of EC9706 cells. The effect of Qigesan on apoptosis of EC9706 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The effect of Qigesan on miR-133a and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor(IGF-1R) mRNA expression was detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) . The protein expression of Akt and mTOR in EC9706 cells was detected by Western blot. Result:Qigesan can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells in a dose-dependent manner(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Inhibitory concentrations 30% inhibition concentration(IC<sub>30</sub>) 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> and median inhibition concentration(IC<sub>50</sub>) 80 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> were selected for follow-up experiments. Compared with the blank group, both the inhibitor group and the combination drug group can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The inhibitor at 0.25 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> was selected for subsequent experiments. Compared with the blank group, Qigesan 80 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> dose group could significantly promote the late apoptosis rate and total apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> dose group could significantly promote the late apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.05), which shows synergistic effect after concomitant use with Akt/mTOR inhibitor(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the blank control group, each group can effectively increase expression of miR-133a(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The combination of inhibitor and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has obvious promotion effect. Compared with blank control group, the expressions of Akt and mTOR were significantly decreased in each group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with single medication, the expressions of Akt and mTOR were decreased in combination of inhibitor and TCM group. Conclusion:Qigesan can inhibit the growth of EC9706 cells and promote apoptosis, and its inhibitory mechanism may be related to the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by regulating the expression of miR-133a.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the features and rehabilitation of Pusher syndrome (PS). Methods:A female patient was reported and the literatures were reviewed. Results:The patient presented moderate ipsilateral, deep sensory disturbance, left spatial neglect and disuse. White matter degeneration was found. After four-week rehabilitation, the score of Scale for Contraversive Pushing decreased from 2.5 to 0.75, and her hand function recovered to assistant hand. Conclusion:The degeneration of white matter develops rapidly in PS patient, while the recovery of motor function is relatively slow, and need longer and comprehensive rehabilitation, especially the exercise therapy and somatosensory stimulation.

14.
Mycobiology ; : 142-150, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902732

ABSTRACT

The species within the family Cunninghamellaceae are widely distributed and produce important metabolites. Morphological studies along with a molecular phylogeny based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit (LSU) of ribosomal DNA revealed two new species in this family from soils in China, that is, Absidia ovalispora sp. nov. andCunninghamella globospora sp. nov. The former is phylogenetically closely related to Absidia koreana, but morphologically differs in sporangiospores, sporangia, sporangiophores, columellae, collars, and rhizoids. The latter is phylogenetically closely related to Cunninghamella intermedia, but morphologically differs in sporangiola and colonies. They were described and illustrated.

15.
Mycobiology ; : 142-150, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895028

ABSTRACT

The species within the family Cunninghamellaceae are widely distributed and produce important metabolites. Morphological studies along with a molecular phylogeny based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit (LSU) of ribosomal DNA revealed two new species in this family from soils in China, that is, Absidia ovalispora sp. nov. andCunninghamella globospora sp. nov. The former is phylogenetically closely related to Absidia koreana, but morphologically differs in sporangiospores, sporangia, sporangiophores, columellae, collars, and rhizoids. The latter is phylogenetically closely related to Cunninghamella intermedia, but morphologically differs in sporangiola and colonies. They were described and illustrated.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1028-1033, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888514

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of petroleum ether extract of Rhizoma Amorphophalli (SLG) in inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis and differentiation of leukemia K562 cells.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were processed by SLG and PD98059 which was the ERK signaling pathway blocker. Then cell vitality was tested by MTT. Cell apoptosis rate and positive percentage of antigen expression related with differentiation were detected by flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of ERK1/2 and pERK1/2 were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proliferation activity of K562 was reduced by 50, 100, 200 mg/L SLG in a concentration dependent manner (r=0.9997). The apoptosis rate and positive expression rate of CD11b, CD14 and CD42b which were related with differentiation were raised by SLG, as well as the expression of pERK1/2, while PD98059 could reverse the promoting effect of SLG on apoptosis and differentiation partially.@*CONCLUSION@#SLG can inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis and differentiation of K562 cells through ERK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Alkanes , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Petroleum , Plant Extracts/pharmacology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with western conventional therapy on type Ⅱ respiratory failure of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and evaluate the effect of acupuncture on diaphragmatic function and prognosis by bedside ultrasound.@*METHODS@#A total of 111 patients with AECOPD type Ⅱ respiratory failure were randomized into an acupuncture group, a conventional treatment group and a non-acupoint acupuncture group, 37 cases in each one. The routine AECOPD nursing care and treatment with western medicine were provided in the 3 groups. Additionally, in the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at Dingchuan (EX-B 1), Feishu (BL 13), Taiyuan (LU 9), Danzhong (CV 17) and Zhongwan (CV 12), etc. In the non-acupoint acupuncture group, acupuncture was given at the points 5 to 10 mm lateral to each of the acupoints selected in the acupuncture group. Acupuncture was given once every day, 30 min each time, consecutively for 10 days in the above two groups. Separately, before treatment, on day 3, 7 and 10 of treatment, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO@*RESULTS@#On day 3, 7 and 10 of treatment, PaO@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture as adjunctive therapy achieves significant therapeutic effect on AECOPD type Ⅱ respiratory failure. It improves diaphragmatic function, promotes oxygenation and relieves carbon dioxide retention of artery, alleviates clinical symptoms and reduces the time of mechanic ventilation and hospitalization. Besides, the bedside ultrasound detection can objectively reflect the effect of acupuncture on diaphragmatic function in the patients with AECOPD complicated with typeⅡrespiratory failure.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diaphragm , Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882035

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognosis of two rare imported patients with human African trypanosomias (HAT) after treatment in a follow-up study, and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy, so as to provide insights into the treatment of imported HAT patients. Methods The white blood cells in cerebrospinal fluid samples and the trypomastigotes in cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples were monitored in an imported case with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment and in an imported case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis. Results There were 1, 1, 4 and 2 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment, and there were 3, 6, 4 and 3 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment. In addition, no trypomastigotes were identified in the cerebrospinal fluid or blood samples of either case with T. brucei rhodesiense or T. brucei gambiense infection. Conclusion Following standardized treatment, two imported cases with human African trypanosomiasis cases recover satisfactorily, without any signs of relapse.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 164-168, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837739

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To determine the clinical characteristics of intraretinal microvascular abnormality(IRMA)and associated neovascularization. <p>METHODS:This was a prospective, observational study. We recruited treatment-naive patients with diabetic retinopathy(DR)with IRMAs or retinal neovascularization, confirmed using fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA)between October 7, 2016 and December 10, 2017. Under the guidance of FFA, IRMAs and neovascularizations were scanned using optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA). Origins, initial layers, morphologic features, retinal nonperfusion areas(NPAs), location with capillary nonperfusion(CNP)and leakages demonstrated by FFA of IRMAs and associated neovascularization were documented and compared. Retinal nonperfusion areas were measured using Image J software. <p>RESULTS: Thirty-nine eyes of 36 patients were enrolled in this prospective study. High quality images of twenty IRMAs and 22 IRMA-associated neovascularizations were identified using OCTA. All IRMAs originated from and drained into veins in pruned-tree-like shapes. IRMAs originated from the major retinal vessels at the margin of the CNP, extended into retina and were always confined within a single original nonperfused area. All IRMA-associated neovascularizations originated from IRMAs with a sea-fan-like appearance. The IRMA associated neovascularizations crossed retinal venous and extended to both sides. The main part of these structures was intraretinal, except some advancing tips that breached the internal limiting membrane(ILM)to form neovascularization, and were adhered firmly to the retina; 91%(20/22)of IRMA-associated neovascularizations were located in the CNPs, and 9%(2/22)were located at the margin of CNPs. The affiliated NPAs of IRMA-associated neovascularizations were 26.1mm2±4.2mm2, significantly larger than the IRMAs(12.9mm2±4.7mm2, <i>P</i><0.05). The initial layers showed no statistic difference between the groups(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: OCTA is an effective method for detecting both IRMA and neovascularization in DR. IRMA and associated neovascularization had significantly different clinical characteristics that can be differentiated by OCTA, and therefore may be useful to better understand pathophysiological mechanisms and to guide efficient therapeutic strategies for DR patients.

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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of Chinese herbal medicine Fructus broussonetiae (FB) in both mouse and cell models of Alzheimer's disease (AD).@*METHODS@#APP/PS1 mice treated with FB for 2 months and vehicle-treated controls were run through the Morris water maze and object recognition test to evaluate learning and memory capacity. RNA-Seq, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining were also conducted to evaluate the effects of FB treatment on various signaling pathways altered in APP/PS1 mice. To further explore the mechanisms underlying FB's protective effect, PC-12 cells were treated with Aβ@*RESULTS@#FB-treated mice showed improved learning and memory capacity on both the Morris water maze and object recognition tests. RNA-seq of hippocampal tissue from APP/PS1 mice showed that FB had effects on multiple signaling pathways, specifically decreasing cell apoptotic signaling and increasing AKT and β-catenin signaling. Similarly, FB up-regulated both AKT and β-catenin signaling in PC-12 cells pre-treated with Aβ@*CONCLUSIONS@#FB exerted neuroprotective effects on hippocampal cells of APP/PS1 mice, as well as improved cell viability in an in vitro model of AD. The protective actions of FB occurred via the upregulation of AKT/β-catenin signaling.

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