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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 641-652, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922997

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the management level of medicine list of medical institutions in China ,and help medical institutions build a medicine list of medical institutions with reasonable drug use structure ,standardized adjustment procedures , convenient operation and application and scientific evaluation methods ,so as to meet the needs of clinical rational drug use to the greatest extent ,with the support of the Pharmaceutical Care Professional Committee of the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association , China-Japan Friendship Hospital and the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China (Anhui Provincial Hospital )jointly initiate and complete Guideline for the Evaluation of Medicine List in Chinese Medical Institutions jointly with a number of medical institutions. In strict accordance with the methodological requirements of World Health Organization standard guidelines ,based on the Delphi method ,the guideline formulation working group has constructed the quality evaluation index system and quantitative scoring table of medicine list management in medical institutions from the 5 dimensions of organization and management ,structure,adjustment,application and e valuation of the list. It is used to help medical institutions evaluate the quality of their medicine list management ,so asto play a positive role in the fine management of medicine list in medical institutions.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether skin tests are suitable to predict the allergy reactions induced by Chinese herbal injections (CHIs).@*METHODS@#The skin tests including skin prick tests (SPT), intradermal tests (IDT) and provocation tests including subcutaneous tests and intravenous tests were administered to 249 healthy subjects and 180 allergic patients for 3 CHIs, including ginkgolide injection, diterpene ginkgolide meglumine injection and Salvianolate lyophilized injection. The results of the provocation tests were used as the "gold standard" to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the skin tests.@*RESULTS@#The results did not show any significant differences between the healthy and allergy groups in both skin tests and provocation tests (P>0.05). The specificities of SPT and IDT were 0.976 and 0.797, respectively, and the sensitivities of both SPT and IDT were 0.@*CONCLUSION@#Skin tests are insufficient to predict the likelihood of allergic reactions resulting from CHIs. (ChiCTR-CPC-15006921).


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Intradermal Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity , Skin Tests
3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E180-E185, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920688

ABSTRACT

Neovascularization plays an important role in many physiological and pathological processes, but its mechanism is still unclear. Since vascular cells are subjected to a variety of biochemical and biomechanical stimulations in vivo and live in a complex microenvironment, it is necessary to construct the vascular model in vitro and simulate the in vivo microenvironment to explore the mechanism of neovascularization. Recently, owing to the advance of micromachining and microfluidic technology, various in vitro microvascular models have emerged. Variables such as shear stress, interstitial flow and biochemical gradient of angiogenic factors have been controlled in these models, which greatly promotes the research of neovascularization. The construction, development and biomechanical design of various microvascular models are reviewed in this paper.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2380-2383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904952

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of optical trocar insertion technique in establishing pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery after previous abdominal surgery. Methods A total of 29 patients, with a history of abdominal surgery, who planned to undergo laparoscopic liver surgery were enrolled and randomly divided into optical trocar insertion group and open approach group. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of ranked data between groups. Results There were no procedure-related complications in either group. Compared with the open approach group, the optical trocar insertion group had a significantly shorter time required to establish pneumoperitoneum [35.00 (21.00-46.00) seconds vs 180.00 (152.50-252.50) seconds, U =0, P < 0.001] and a significantly smaller incision length [1.10(1.00-1.20) cm vs 2.80(2.45-3.00) cm, U =0, P < 0.001]. Conclusion Both optical trocar insertion and open approach for establishing pneumoperitoneum is relatively safe in patients undergoing laparoscopic liver surgery after previous abdominal surgery, while optical trocar insertion has the advantages of high efficiency and minimal invasiveness in establishing pneumoperitoneum.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2380-2383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904902

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of optical trocar insertion technique in establishing pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery after previous abdominal surgery. Methods A total of 29 patients, with a history of abdominal surgery, who planned to undergo laparoscopic liver surgery were enrolled and randomly divided into optical trocar insertion group and open approach group. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of ranked data between groups. Results There were no procedure-related complications in either group. Compared with the open approach group, the optical trocar insertion group had a significantly shorter time required to establish pneumoperitoneum [35.00 (21.00-46.00) seconds vs 180.00 (152.50-252.50) seconds, U =0, P < 0.001] and a significantly smaller incision length [1.10(1.00-1.20) cm vs 2.80(2.45-3.00) cm, U =0, P < 0.001]. Conclusion Both optical trocar insertion and open approach for establishing pneumoperitoneum is relatively safe in patients undergoing laparoscopic liver surgery after previous abdominal surgery, while optical trocar insertion has the advantages of high efficiency and minimal invasiveness in establishing pneumoperitoneum.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 476-479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873448

ABSTRACT

@#Immune-mediated eye diseases(IMED)represent a kind of autoimmune eye diseases, such as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, autoimmune uveitis and Sjögren syndromes. Owning to its complicated pathophysiological mechanisms, the efficacies of current therapeutic strategies for IMED are unsatisfactory, which may ultimately result in severe visual impairment. Exosomes are lipid bilayer vesicles secreted by cells that play an important role in cell-to-cell communication and immune regulation. Recent studies have shown that exosomes secreted by cells under pathological conditions are closely associated with the development and progression of IMED, and the exosomes derived from certain cells(such as mesenchymal stem cells)are deemed as promising therapy for IMED. Hence, we review the recent advances of exosomes in IMED.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 328-333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To utilize ADR signal of Paclitaxel for injection (albumin-bound type )by using FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS),and to provide reference for rational use of drugs in the clinic. METHODS :The reporting odds ratio (ROR)method was used for data mining of adverse events (AEs)related to Paclitaxel for injection (albumin-bound type )reported by FDA public data program (Open-FDA)during Jan. 1st,2004-Dec. 31th,2019. The demographic characteristics ,constituents and signals of ADR were analyzed. RESULTS :A total of 1 659 AEs were identified for Paclitaxel for injection (albumin-bound type). The female (1 169 cases,70.5%)was more than the male (345 cases,20.8%). The age was mainly 45-64 years old (519 cases,31.3%). ADR signal mainly involved nerve system ,blood and lymphatic system ,gastrointestinal system ,hepatobiliary system,respiratory system ,thoracic and mediastinal system and general ADR. Twenty positive ADR signals which were not recorded in the drug instructions were found in the study ,mainly including leucopenia ,lymphopenia,macular edema ,abdominal pain,dysphagia,shivering,jaundice,liver failure ,cirrhosis,urinary tract infection ,purulent secretion ,decreased ejection fraction,hypocalcemia,hypokalemia,hyponatremia,bone pain ,facial paralysis ,mental state change ,epistaxis,atelectasis. Among them ,lymphopenia,macular edema and mental state changes were not recorded in the drug instructions ,while others were the specific manifestations of ADR recorded in the drug instructions. CONCLUSIONS :In the clinical application of Paclitaxel for injection(albumin-bound type ),in addition to ADR mentioned in the drug instructions ,great importance should be closely paid to neurotoxicity,lymphocyte changes ,regular eye monitoring 2021MSXM041) and mental state monitoring ,so as to avoid drug withdrawal or organ injury induced by ADR.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 65-68, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881971

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of a balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention on anxiety and depression in caregivers of the elderly. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select 234 caregivers for the elderly as the study subjects. A random number table method was used to divide them into a control group(116) and an intervention group(118). The control group was given conventional psychological crisis intervention; the intervention group received a balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention on the basis of conventional psychological crisis intervention. The anxiety and depression scores of the two groups were investigated before and after the intervention using the Anxiety Self-Rating Scale and Depression Self-Rating Scale, respectively. RESULTS: The anxiety scores of the control group were(43.0±6.8) and(40.1±6.3), and the depression scores were(45.4±12.0) and(42.7±11.4), before and after the intervention, respectively. The pre-and post-intervention scores were(43.5±6.5) and(38.4±5.6) for anxiety and(46.9±6.0) and(39.8±5.6) for depression in the intervention group, respectively. Before the intervention, the anxiety and depression scores of the 2 groups were compared separately, and the difference was not statistically significant(all P>0.05). In the control group, only the anxiety score was lower than the pre-intervention score(P<0.01); in the intervention group, both the post-anxiety and post-depression scores were lower than the pre-intervention scores(all P<0.01). After the intervention, the anxiety and depression scores of the caregivers in the intervention group were lower than those of the control group, respectively(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention can effectively alleviate anxiety and depression in caregivers of the elderly.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1653-1662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881557

ABSTRACT

We explored the pharmacodynamic material basis and network regulatory mechanism of Fufang Yuxingcao Mixture (FYM) for the treatment of fever and inflammation. Targets of the 25 compounds in FYM were predicted according to the reverse pharmacophore method and TCMSP, UniProt database. Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and pathway analysis of the targets was analyzed by Omicsbean software and the Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG) database. A "compound-target-pathway-pharmacological action-effect" network was established with Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation model was used to verify the anti-inflammatory effects of FYM and its 10 important components. The network pharmacology experiment showed that 25 compounds affected 97 pathways through 211 targets, of which 15 key targets [including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), insulin (INS), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), caspase-3 (CASP3), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), interleukin-8 (IL-8), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), proto-oncogene c-Fos (FOS), tyrosine-protein kinase SRC (SRC), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (MAPK8), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1)] and 46 pathways (including NF-kappa B signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, arachidonic acid metabolism, cAMP signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, chemokine signaling pathway, Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, etc.) were related to anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, immune regulation, and analgesia. In vitro cell experiments showed that FYM and the 10 components (including isoquercitrin, luteoloside, baicalein, wogonin, wogonoside, phillyrin, forsythoside A, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, and sweroside) could significantly reduce the expression of nitric oxide (NO), TNF-α and IL-6 in cell supernatants, indicating that the above 10 components may be the key pharmacodynamic material basis of FYM.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862724

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pollution levels of six indicator polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in animal-derived foods in Hebei Province. Methods A total of 96 food samples (including beltfish, snakehead, egg, pork liver, pork and beef meat) were collected from Hebei Province in 2019. The contents of six indicator PCBs (PCB 28, PCB 52, PCB 101, PCB 138, PCB 153 and PCB180) in different food samples were determined using isotope dilution-high resolution gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC-HRMS). Results The contents of indicative PCBs in fish samples ranged from 0.12 to 0.32 ngg-1 fresh weight, while the content of PCBs in other samples ranged from 0.11 to 1.10 ng g-1 fat. PCB 138 and PCB 153 were the main compounds detected in fish samples, while PCB 28 and PCB 52 were the main compounds detected in other samples. The average estimated daily dietary intake of PCBs for residents in Hebei Province was 0.14 ng kg-1·bw-1·d-1, and the highest contribution rate was beltfish (61.52%). Conclusion The pollution levels of indicator PCBs in animal-derived foods in Hebei Province are relatively low, and the residents has lower health risks through dietary intake of indicator PCBs.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of doctor-nurse co-led care involving education and engagement of patients on improving compliance of patients, and a treat-to-target urate-lowering rate for gout.Methods:Nurses were trained in practice management of gout. Patients diagnosed with gout in the departments of rheumatology and immunology of Anqing Municipal Hospital in Anhui Province were prospectively enrolled from January 1 to June 30, 2019. The patients were divided into the continuous-care group and the conventional management group by random number table method. The patients of continuous-care group received telephone follow-up, WeChat tracking and regular face-to-face communication. The patients of conventional management group were told to follow up regularly in the outpatient department, and the nurses did not follow up. Patients were evaluated before intervention and 12 months after intervention. The treat-to-target rate of blood uric acid and the frequency of gout flares were observed.Results:After 12 months of intervention, the patients of serum uric acid concentrations below 360 μmol/L were 92.39% (85/92) in the continuous-care group, and 26.74% (23/86) in the conventional management group. There was significant difference ( χ2 value was 80.282, P<0.001). After 12 months of intervention, the average serum uric acid concentration of patients in the continuous-care group was (301.6±61.4) μmol/L, and that in the conventional management group was (419.0±98.0) μmol/L, both of which were significantly lower than before intervention, continuous-care group (466.1±119.7) μmol/L, conventional management group (477.8±113.1) μmol/L. But the average serum uric acid concentration of patients in the continuous-care group was significantly lower than that in the conventional management group. There was significant difference between them ( t value was 96.678, P<0.001). At the end of 12 months, the patients of uric-acid-lowering therapy increased in both groups. The proportion of patients was 94.56% (87/92) in the continuous-care group, which was significantly higher than that in the conventional management group (58.14%, 50/86), there was significant difference ( χ2 value was 33.260, P<0.001). Conclusions:The mode of continuing nursing combined with specialized physician-led treatment can significantly improve the compliance and the control rate of treat-to-target for gout, and this management method is simple and feasible which provides a new management concept for clinical treatment of gout.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2077-2084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887782

ABSTRACT

Curcumin is exclusively isolated from Zingiberaceae plants with a broad spectrum of bioactivities. In the present study, we used the diketide-CoA synthase (DCS) and curcumin synthase (CURS) genes to construct a non-natural fusion gene encoding diketide-CoA synthase::curcumin synthase (DCS::CURS). This fusion protein, together with the acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and the 4-coumarate coenzyme A ligase (4CL), were introduced into Escherichia coli for the production of curcumin from ferulic acid. The process is divided into two stages, the growth stage using LB medium and the fermentation stage using the modified M9 medium. The yield of curcumin reached 386.8 mg/L by optimizing the induction of protein expression in the growth stage, and optimizing the inoculum volume, medium composition and fermentation time in the fermentation stage, as well as the addition of macroporous resin AB-8 into the second medium to attenuate the toxicity of the end product. The exploitation of the non-natural fusion protein DCS::CURS for the production of curcumin provides a new alternative to further promoting the production of curcumin and the related analogues.


Subject(s)
Curcumin/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/genetics , Fermentation
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885310

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the causes, clinical characteristics, diagnoses and outcomes of post-lymphoproliferative disease(PTLD)after renal transplantation.Methods:Retrospective reviews were conducted for a total of 2 844 adult kidney recipients between January 2000 and January 2019. And 13 of them developed PTLD. Their clinical features and outcomes were analyzed. There were 11 males and 2 females with a median age of 55(31~78)years. All were diagnosed as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma at a median time of 86(12~204)months post-transplantation.Results:The locations of PTLD were diverse, including lung, stomach, colon, skin and central nervous system. Biopsy immunohistochemical EBV positivity was detected in 76.9% of cases.After a tapering of immunosuppression intensity, 6 cases were operated. Patients not tolerating R-CHOP regimen (rituximab + CHOP) were switched to R2 regimen(rituximab + nalidomide). The total effective rate was 91.6%, including complete remission(10 cases), partial remission(1 cases), progressive disease (1 case)and death(2 cases).Conclusions:As a rare but serious complication after renal transplantation, PTLD is closely correlated with EBV infection.Reducing the dose of immunosuppressive drugs is a core of comprehensive treatment.Switching to R2 regimen is an effective alternative in the treatment of PTLD after renal transplantation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 410-413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of creatinine correction method in estimating 24 h urinary iodine excretion of healthy adults.Methods:Healthy adults(half males and half females) aged 18 to 59 yesrs old in Tangshan City were selected as the research subjects. Random urine within 1 d, morning urine and 24 h urine samples of 5 d in a row of all subjects were collected to detect urinary iodine and creatinine concentrations. Twenty-four hours urinary iodine excretion was estimated by creatinine correction formula [24 h urinary iodine excretion estimated value(μg/d) = urinary iodine/creatinine concentration ratio (μg/g Cr) × 24 h urinary creatinine excretion (g Cr/d)]. The estimated value of 24 h urinary iodine excretion obtained from random urine within 1 d and continuous 5 d morning urine corrected by creatinine were studied by the coefficient of variation, and compared with the measured value of 24 h urinary iodine excretion.Results:The coefficient of variation of the estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion of random urine within 1 d ranged from 8.8% - 20.2%, with an average value of 13.1%; the coefficient of variation of 24 h urinary iodine excretion estimated value from continuous 5 d morning urine and the 24 h urinary iodine excretion measured value ranged from 4.7% - 17.2% and 4.0% - 10.4%, and the average values were 10.1% and 6.4%, respectively. In the detection of random urine within 1 d, there was no significant difference between the 24 h urinary iodine excretion estimated value of the first, second, third, and forth time random urine and the 24 h urinary iodine excretion measured value ( P > 0.05). In the detection of continuous 5 d morning urine, there were no significant differences in the 24 h urinary iodine excretion estimated value of the first, second, third, forth and fifth day compared with the 24 h urinary iodine excretion measured value on the same day, respectively ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:When the daily creatinine excretion is accurately known, the estimated 24 h urine iodine excretion obtained by the creatinine correction method can better reflect the actual 24 h urinary iodine excretion. Further study on prediction criteria of creatinine excretion suitable for Chinese people will help to better detect the iodine intake of corresponding individuals.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883579

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of 3D printing teaching model on spinal surgery teaching.Methods:A total of 50 eight-year clinical medical students of Batch 2015 were selected and randomly divided into two groups. Traditional teaching mode was used in the control group and 3D printing teaching model was used in the experimental group. The performance of graduation from the department, teaching experience indicators and teaching satisfaction were compared between the two groups. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test. Results:The performance of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group ( P < 0.05). The scores of teaching experience indicators in the experimental group were all higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The satisfaction rate of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:3D printing teaching model can significantly improve students' theoretical knowledge assessment and surgical design evaluation, and improve the teaching effect and students' satisfaction.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of noninvasive high frequency oscillatory ventilation(nHFOV)and heated humidified high flow nasal cannula(HHHFNC)in sequential ventilator evacuation of preterm infants with very low birth weight with respiratory distress syndrome(RDS).Methods:A total of 88 preterm infants of very low birth weight with RDS were enrolled in the study, who had received endotracheal intubation invasive ventilation and were ready to be replaced by non-invasive ventilation at neonatal intensive care unit(NICU)of Xuzhou Central Hospital from May 2017 to January 2020.All premature infants were routinely treated with caffeine citrate.They were divided into two groups through random number table: nHFOV/HHHFNC group(45 cases)and continuous positive airway pressure(nCPAP)/oxygen hood group(43 cases). nHFOV was given after invasive ventilator removal and HHHFNC transition was followed after nHFOV withdrawal in the nHFOV/HHHFNC group, while nCPAP was given after invasive ventilator removal and oxygen hood was followed after nCPAP withdrawal in the nCPAP/oxygen hood group.The main observation consequences were compared with arterial blood gas indexes after invasive ventilator evacuation, weaning effect and the incidence of related complications.Results:(1)There were no statistically differences between the two groups in terms of gender, gestational age, birth weight, Apgar score at 1 min and 5 min after birth, the number of glucocorticoid usage in 24 h before delivery, the number of pulmonary surfactant usage, invasive ventilation time and RDS grading( P>0.05). (2)The PaO 2, PaCO 2and oxygenation index(OI=100×MAP×FiO 2/PaO 2)of the nHFOV/HHHFNC group at 1 h and 24 h after invasive ventilator removal showed significant difference compared with the nCPAP/oxygen hood group( P<0.05). The differences as the following listed were statistically significant( P<0.05)between the two groups, including the failure rate of invasive ventilation weaning during 72 h [9%(4/45)vs.26%(11/43)], the incidence of frequent apnea [7%(3/45)vs.23%(10/43)], the failure rate of nHFOV and nCPAP noninvasive ventilation weaning [4%(2/45)vs.21%(9/43)], the oxygen-used time [12.02(9.08~12.31)d vs.14.44(11.32~13.26)d] and the incidence of nasal injury [4%(2/45)vs.26%(11/43)]. (3)The time of the first noninvasive ventilation of nHFOV and nCPAP, the incidences of lung air leakage, neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis, grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ intraventricular hemorrhage, above stageⅡretinopathy, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and the mortality rate between the two groups showed no statistical significance( P>0.05). Conclusion:nHFOV and HHHFNC used in the sequential ventilator evacuation of RDS in preterm infants with very low birth weight could improve oxygenation, reduce CO 2retention, improve the success rate of machine weaning and reduce the occurrence of apnea and nasal injury.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the current status quo of humanistic care quality of psychiatric nurses in China, analyze its influence factors, and explore the relationship between humanistic care quality, professional values and sense of organizational support of psychiatric nurses.Methods:Using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method selected, totally 5 003 nurses from 43 the psychiatric hospitals or psychiatric department in general hispitals were investigated with general information questionnaire, Nursing Caring Characters Assessment Tool, Perceived Organizational Support Scale (POS) and Nurses Professional Values Scale-Revised (NPVS-R) from May to August, 2018.Results:In 5 003 psychiatric nurses, the total score of Nursing Caring Characters Assessment Tool was 4.21 ± 0.63. The humanistic care knowledge dimension and humanistic care ability dimension were better (4.27±0.65, 4.21 ± 0.63), while the humanistic care concept dimension and humanistic care perception dimension were weaker(4.16±0.66, 4.17±0.66). The results of structural equation model showed that personal background, care environment, sense of organizational support and professional values had influence on the humanistic care quality of psychiatric nurses, and the standardized total effect values were 0.047, 0.106, 0.508 and 0.512 respectively.Conclusions:The overall level of humanistic care quality of psychiatric nurses is good, but there is still room for further improvement, especially the concept and perception of humanistic care. in order to meet the growing needs of the public for nursing services and the needs of nursing professional development and discipline development, caring for the environment, personal background, sence of organizational support and professional values are important factors affecting the quality of humanistic care of psychiatric nurses.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the changes in inflammatory markers levels and the onset of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the early stage of acute trauma..Methods:From January 2018 to June 2020, patients with acute trauma who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University were selected as subjects. Peripheral venous blood was collected on admission, on the 3rd and 7th day after trauma for routine blood test, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT). The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was calculated. The PCL-5 scale was used to evaluate PTSD symptoms one month later. The patients were divided into the PTSD group and non-PTSD group with the score of 38 as the boundary. The change rule of NLR in the PTSD group and the non-PTSD group were analyzed.Results:Ninety-one trauma patients were enrolled, including 23 patients in the PTSD group and 68 patients in the non-PTSD group. Compared with the healthy control group, the NLR of 91 trauma patients on admission, on the 3rd and 7th day were significantly higher (all P< 0.01). The NLR of the PTSD group was increased on the 7th day after trauma, which was significantly higher than that of the non-PTSD group ( P= 0.025). The non-PTSD group showed a decreasing trend, of which NLR on the 7th day was significantly lower than that on admission ( P= 0.001). In addition, high level of NLR on the 7th day after trauma (β= 0.206, P= 0.01) was a risk factor for PTSD onset. Conclusions:Dynamic monitoring of the changes in NLR after acute trauma would be of great clinical value to early warning of PTSD.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of intensive analgesia on the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in acute trauma patients, and to develop new ideas for the prevention and treatment of PTSD.Methods:From January 2018 to November 2019, a prospective study was conducted on trauma patients who visited the Emergency Center of Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University and met the enrollment criteria. The patients were divided into the intensive analgesia group (< 4) and non-intensive analgesia group (≥ 4) according to the mean pain score in 30 days. The epidemiological data, trauma-related parameters, analgesic schemes, VAS score, PCL-5 score, HADS score and incidence of PTSD of enrolled patients were collected. Appropriate statistical methods were used to analyze differences among the indicators between the two groups.Results:Eighty-four acute trauma cases were included in the study, 39 cases in the intensive analgesia group and 45 in the non-intensive analgesia group. There was no significant difference in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). The incidence rate of PTSD and PCL-5 score of patients in the intensive analgesia group were all significantly lower than those in the non-intensive analgesia group in 1 month after the trauma (all P< 0.05). The HADS anxiety and depression scores of patients in the intensive analgesic group were significantly lower than those in the non-intensive analgesic group (all P< 0.05). All the analgesics were converted into the dosage of dezocine for comparison. The total dosage of analgesics (dezocine) used in patients of the intensive analgesia group was significantly higher than that in the non-intensive analgesia group within 30 days after injury ( P< 0.05). Conclusion:In the acute trauma patients, intensive analgesia after trauma can significantly reduce the incidence of PTSD as well as improve anxiety and depression symptoms.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922759

ABSTRACT

Berberis amurensis (Berberidaceae) is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is often used to treat hypertension, inflammation, dysentery and enteritis. It contains alkaloids, mainly including berberine, berbamine, magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine and palmatine. Berberis amurensis extracts (BAEs) is often orally taken. Oral herbs might be metabolized by intestinal bacteria in the small intestine. However, the interaction between the herb and the gut microbiota is still unknown. In the current study, UPLC/Q-TOF-MS/MS combined with Metabolitepilot and Peakview software was used to identify the metabolites of BAEs in anti-biotic cocktail induced pseudo germ-free rats and normal rats. As a result, a total of 46 metabolites in normal rats were detected and its main metabolic pathways include demethylation, dehydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfation and glucuronidation. Only 29 metabolites existed in pseudo germ-free rats. Dehydrogenated metabolites (M29, M30, M34 and M36), methylated metabolites (M33, M41 and M46) and other metabolites were not detected in pseudo germ-free rats. The result implied that the intestinal bacteria have an influence on the metabolism of BAEs. Furthermore, this investigation might contribute to the understanding of the metabolism of BAEs, and further promote its clinical application.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Berberis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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