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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 134-139, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011511

ABSTRACT

Osimertinib is an irreversible third representative epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with T790M resistance and classical EGFR mutations. However, the therapeutic effectiveness of osimertinib is limited by acquired drug-resistance, poor water solubility and low tumor accumulation rates. Nanodrug delivery systems can increase the solubility and stability of drugs, prolong the blood circulation time of drugs, improve the uptake rate of cells, promote drug accumulation in tumor tissues, and improve drug resistance. Thus, they are effective in overcoming the limitations of traditional targeted drugs. In this study, we reviewed the mechanism of action of the third-generation EGFR-TKI osimertinib, focused on research advances in osimertinib nanodrug delivery systems against NSCLC, and explored the challenges and future development direction in this field.

2.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 62-74, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011012

ABSTRACT

Pathological vascular remodeling is a hallmark of various vascular diseases. Previous research has established the significance of andrographolide in maintaining gastric vascular homeostasis and its pivotal role in modulating endothelial barrier dysfunction, which leads to pathological vascular remodeling. Potassium dehydroandrographolide succinate (PDA), a derivative of andrographolide, has been clinically utilized in the treatment of inflammatory diseases precipitated by viral infections. This study investigates the potential of PDA in regulating pathological vascular remodeling. The effect of PDA on vascular remodeling was assessed through the complete ligation of the carotid artery in C57BL/6 mice. Experimental approaches, including rat aortic primary smooth muscle cell culture, flow cytometry, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assay, Boyden chamber cell migration assay, spheroid sprouting assay, and Matrigel-based tube formation assay, were employed to evaluate the influence of PDA on the proliferation and motility of smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Molecular docking simulations and co-immunoprecipitation assays were conducted to examine protein interactions. The results revealed that PDA exacerbates vascular injury-induced pathological remodeling, as evidenced by enhanced neointima formation. PDA treatment significantly increased the proliferation and migration of SMCs. Further mechanistic studies disclosed that PDA upregulated myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) expression in SMCs and interacted with T-cadherin (CDH13). This interaction augmented proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix deposition, culminating in pathological vascular remodeling. Our findings underscore the critical role of PDA in the regulation of pathological vascular remodeling, mediated through the MyD88/CDH13 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Mice , Rats , Animals , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , Vascular Remodeling , Cell Proliferation , Vascular System Injuries/pathology , Carotid Artery Injuries/pathology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Movement , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Signal Transduction , Succinates/pharmacology , Potassium/pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Diterpenes , Cadherins
3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 10-17, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of manual acupuncture on endometrial blood flow parameters by three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler ultrasound in women undergoing in vitro fertilization embryo transfer (IVF-ET).@*METHODS@#Seventy patients undergoing IVF-ET were equally randomized into traditional or sham acupuncture treatment group for totally 4 days (from the day of oocyte aspiration to the day of embryo transfer) of treatment by random envelope method at the Reproductive Medicine Center and Outpatient Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medicine College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2013 to December 2015. Patients in the traditional acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with manual acupuncture, and Zhongji (CV3), Qihai (CV 6), Sanyinjiao (SP6), Taichong (LR 3), Tianshu (ST 25), Guilai (ST 29) and Zusanli (ST 36) were chosen. Patients at the sham acupuncture group accepted shallow acupuncture methods at 4 non-meridian points at each shoulder and upper arm. Outcome measures included endometrial ultrasonic indices such as vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI) and vascularization flow index (VFI), endometrial thickness and volume, subendometrial VI (sVI), subendometrial FI (sFI), subendometrial VFI (sVFI), implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and number of live births.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 34 patients in the traditional acupuncture group and 35 in the sham acupuncture group completed this trial. VI, FI and VFI of the traditional acupuncture group were significantly higher than those in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05). No significant differences were found in endometrial thickness, endometrial volume, sVI, sFI, sVFI, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and number of live births (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Manual acupuncture performed after oocyte aspiration and before transplantation improved the endometrial blood flow parameters VI, RI and VFI in women who underwent IVF-ET, instead of sVI, sFI and sVFI. Therefore, acupuncture might be beneficial in women undergoing IVF-ET by increasing endometrial blood flow and endometrial receptivity. (Registration No. ChiCTR2100053354).


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Fertilization in Vitro/methods , Single-Blind Method , Embryo Transfer , Pregnancy Rate , Acupuncture Therapy , Endometrium/blood supply
4.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 782-788, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982348

ABSTRACT

Leiomyosarcoma of urinary bladder (LMS-UB) is a highly malignant mesenchymal tumor, accounting for less than 0.5% of all bladder malignancies, with a predominant clinical presentation of hematuria. Here we report a case of low-grade LMS-UB. A 44-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital with urodynia for 2 weeks. The patient's pelvis CT showed a mass on the right part of the bladder. For this reason, he was initially diagnosed with bladder cancer. We performed a robot-assisted laparoscopic enucleation of the bladder tumor and low-grade LMS-UB was diagnosed with the histopathological examination. He underwent 5 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery. At 19months postoperative follow-up, the patient had no symptoms, recurrence, or distant metastasis. There is no report on the treatment of LMS-UB with minimally invasive enucleation worldwide. This case provides a new comprehensive treatment method of enucleation combined with adjuvant chemotherapy for early low-grade LMS-UB to reduce complications and improve patients' quality of life after surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Leiomyosarcoma/secondary , Robotics , Quality of Life , Pelvis/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Laparoscopy/methods
5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 841-849, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985994

ABSTRACT

Objective: JWH133, a cannabinoid type 2 receptor agonist, was tested for its ability to protect mice from bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Methods: By using a random number generator, 24 C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into the control group, model group, JWH133 intervention group, and JWH133+a cannabinoid type-2 receptor antagonist (AM630) inhibitor group, with 6 mice in each group. A mouse pulmonary fibrosis model was established by tracheal instillation of bleomycin (5 mg/kg). Starting from the first day after modeling, the control group mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.1 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride solution, and the model group mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.1 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The JWH133 intervention group mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.1 ml of JWH133 (2.5 mg/kg, dissolved in physiological saline), and the JWH133+AM630 antagonistic group mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.1 ml of JWH133 (2.5 mg/kg) and AM630 (2.5 mg/kg). After 28 days, all mice were killed; the lung tissue was obtained, pathological changes were observed, and alveolar inflammation scores and Ashcroft scores were calculated. The content of type Ⅰ collagen in the lung tissue of the four groups of mice was measured using immunohistochemistry. The levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in the serum of the four groups of mice were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the content of hydroxyproline (HYP) in the lung tissue of the four groups of mice was measured. Western blotting was used to measure the protein expression levels of type Ⅲ collagen, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK1/2), phosphorylated P-ERK1/2 (P-ERK1/2), and phosphorylated ribosome S6 kinase type 1 (P-p90RSK) in the lung tissue of mice in the four groups. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression levels of collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ, and α-SMA mRNA in the lung tissue of the four groups of mice. Results: Compared with the control group, the pathological changes in the lung tissue of the model group mice worsened, with an increase in alveolar inflammation score (3.833±0.408 vs. 0.833±0.408, P<0.05), an increase in Ashcroft score (7.333±0.516 vs. 2.000±0.633, P<0.05), an increase in type Ⅰ collagen absorbance value (0.065±0.008 vs. 0.018±0.006, P<0.05), an increase in inflammatory cell infiltration, and an increase in hydroxyproline levels [(1.551±0.051) μg/mg vs. (0.974±0.060) μg/mg, P<0.05]. Compared with the model group, the JWH133 intervention group showed reduced pathological changes in lung tissue, decreased alveolar inflammation score (1.833±0.408, P<0.05), decreased Ashcroft score (4.167±0.753, P<0.05), decreased type Ⅰ collagen absorbance value (0.032±0.004, P<0.05), reduced inflammatory cell infiltration, and decreased hydroxyproline levels [(1.148±0.055) μg/mg, P<0.05]. Compared with the JWH133 intervention group, the JWH133+AM630 antagonistic group showed more severe pathological changes in the lung tissue of mice, increased alveolar inflammation score and Ashcroft score, increased type Ⅰ collagen absorbance value, increased inflammatory cell infiltration, and increased hydroxyproline levels. Compared with the control group, the expression of α-SMA, type Ⅲ collagen, P-ERK1/2, and P-p90RSK proteins in the lung tissue of the model group mice increased, while the expression of type Ⅰ collagen, type Ⅲ collagen, and α-SMA mRNA increased. Compared with the model group, the protein expression of α-SMA (relative expression 0.60±0.17 vs. 1.34±0.19, P<0.05), type Ⅲ collagen (relative expression 0.52±0.09 vs. 1.35±0.14, P<0.05), P-ERK1/2 (relative expression 0.32±0.11 vs. 1.14±0.14, P<0.05), and P-p90RSK (relative expression 0.43±0.14 vs. 1.15±0.07, P<0.05) decreased in the JWH133 intervention group. The type Ⅰ collagen mRNA (2.190±0.362 vs. 5.078±0.792, P<0.05), type Ⅲ collagen mRNA (1.750±0.290 vs. 4.935±0.456, P<0.05), and α-SMA mRNA (1.588±0.060 vs. 5.192±0.506, P<0.05) decreased. Compared with the JWH133 intervention group, the JWH133+AM630 antagonistic group increased the expression of α-SMA, type Ⅲ collagen, P-ERK1/2, and P-p90RSK protein in the lung tissue of mice, and increased the expression of type Ⅲ collagen and α-SMA mRNA. Conclusion: In mice with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis, the cannabinoid type-2 receptor agonist JWH133 inhibited inflammation and improved extracellular matrix deposition, which alleviated lung fibrosis. The underlying mechanism of action may be related to the activation of the ERK1/2-RSK1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists/metabolism , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , Collagen Type III/pharmacology , Hydroxyproline/pharmacology , Sodium Chloride/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Lung/pathology , Cannabinoids/adverse effects , Bleomycin/metabolism , Collagen/metabolism , Inflammation/pathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 837-844, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985570

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the status of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) cohort studies and explore the feasibility of constructing ASD disease-specific cohorts based on real-world data (RWD). Methods: ASD cohort studies published by December 2022 were collected by literature retrieval from major Chinese and English databases. And the characteristics of the cohort were summarized. Results: A total of 1 702 ASD cohort studies were included, and only 60 (3.53%) were from China. A total of 163 ASD-related cohorts were screened, of which 55.83% were birth cohorts, 28.22% were ASD-specific cohorts, and 4.91% were ASD high-risk cohorts. Most cohorts used RWD such as hospital registries or conducted community-based field surveys to obtain participant information and identified patients with ASD by scales or clinical diagnoses. The contents of the studies included ASD incidence and prognostic risk factors, ASD comorbidity patterns and the impact of ASD on self-health and their offspring's health. Conclusions: ASD cohort studies in developed countries have been in the advanced stage, while the Chinese studies are still in their infancy. RWD provides the data basis for ASD-specific cohort construction and offers new opportunities for research, but work such as case validation is still needed to ensure the scientific nature of cohort construction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Cohort Studies , Databases, Factual
7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 161-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998548

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on the degree of bronchial asthma (BA) in adults, and to analyze the potential relationship between the two. Methods A retrospective study was used to collect 90 patients with BA patients who were admitted to Jiangsu Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2018 to June 2022. All patients received polysomnography (PSG) to calculate the apnea hypopnea index (AHI). Patients were divided into mild OSAS (AHI30) according to AHI value. In addition, BA related indicators of patients were measured, such as forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), FEV1%, FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC), exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), total airway resistance (R5), central airway resistance (R20) and peripheral elastic resistance (X5). Analysis of variance was used to compare the differences in BA related indicators in patients with different degrees of OSAS, and Pearson linear correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between AHI and the measured values of BA indicators. Results There was 1 case (1.11%) in AHI30. There was no difference in gender composition among different AHI groups, but the AHI value of BA patients aged 70 years and above was higher, and the age difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of different AHI groups showed that the patients with moderate to severe OSAS received higher step-up treatment for asthma, most of which were in step 3 and step 4, with a statistically significant difference (2=90.085,P<0.001). The variance analysis results showed that the more severe the OSAS, the lower the ratio of FEV1/FVC (%) (F=2.600, P=0.011), and the higher the FeNO and R5 measurements values (F=-6.454 , F=-3.291, P<0.001). Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that AHI was negatively correlated with FEV1% (r=-0.356, P<0.05) and FEV1/FVC% (r=-0.289, P<0.001), but AHI was positively correlated with R5 (r=0.447, P<0.05). Conclusion BA patients with OSAS have significantly abnormal respiratory function-related indicators, and with the aggravation of OSAS, BA will further deteriorate

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1532-1536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand campus bullying in colleges and middle schools in Tibet, and to analyze related influencing factors, so as to provide reliable basis and reference for formulating targeted intervention measures.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster sampling method was used to investigate the status and influencing factors of being bullied by questionnaire among 3 875 college and middle school students in Ngari, Qamdo, Lhasa, Nagqu and Xigaze of Tibet, from September to November 2019. Chi-square test and Logistic regression method were used for data analysis.@*Results@#The report rate of campus bullying among college and middle school students in Tibet was 5.50%; 4.35% for girls and 6.76% for boys;8.81% for college students, 1.64% for senior high school students and 5.94% for junior high school students. The results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that smoking ( OR =1.71), Internet addiction ( OR =3.82), depression ( OR =3.84), obesity ( OR =2.02), single parent family ( OR = 1.67 ) and reorganized family ( OR =3.74) were positively correlated with campus bullying ( P <0.05). Girls ( OR =0.66) and senior high school ( OR =0.28) were negatively correlated with campus bullying ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Campus bullying is related to campus environment, family type, behaviors and life styles, etc. Efforts should be committed to build a caring campus culture and a good family moral education environment, in order to reduce the incidence of campus bullying and associated adverse effects.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 273-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995502

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarise the effect of free perforator flap of radial collateral artery on reconstruction of first web contracture after hand injury.Methods:Retrospective analysis was conducted based on the clinical data of patients with first web contracture after hand injury in the Department of Hand and Foot Surgery and Rehabilitation, Guangdong Work Injury Rehabilitation Hospital from November 2019 to June 2022. Ten patients, 8 males and 2 females aged between 27 and 51 years old with an average of 40.5 years old were included. There were 6 left hands and 4 right hands. Width and the included angle of first web were measured before surgery. Four hands were classified as severe first web contracture, and the rest of 6 hands had moderate first web contracture. After release scars of the first web, the areas of wound were 5.5 cm × 2.0 cm - 10.5 cm × 3.0 cm. The flaps sized were 6.0 cm×2.5 cm - 11.0 cm × 3.5 cm. All of flaps carried the posterior cutaneous nerve of forearm. Donor sites were closed directly. All patients were included in postoperative follow-up regularly through outpatient clinic or via WeChat reviews. The colour, texture, process in change of the transferred flaps, donor and recipient sites healing and complications were observed.Results:All 10 flaps survived and the wound healed by first intention. The patients received 7 to 15 months (10.5 months in average) of postoperative follow-up. The flaps were not bulky, texture and colour were satisfactory and without pigmentation. Protective sensations restored in 6 patients. At the last follow-up, average included angle of the first webs was 47.14°±1.68°, in comparison with 35.43°±3.60° before surgery. The average width of first webs was 5.34 cm±0.52 cm, in comparison with 3.17 cm±0.75 cm before surgery, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01). Eight hands were rated excellent, and 2 were good. There were only linear scars left at the donor sites, without sign of radial nerve injury. Conclusion:The free perforator flap of radial collateral artery is a safe and effective method for repair of first web contracture after hand injury.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 286-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety, effectiveness, economy and surgical techniques of bronchial priority treatment in single-port thoracoscopic right upper lobectomy by comparing it with conventional single-port thoracoscopic right upper lobectomy.Methods:Clinical data of 72 patients who underwent single-port thoracoscopic right upper lobectomy from Mar. 2019 to Feb. 2022 were collected. According to different surgical treatment sequences, the patients were divided into observation group (bronchial priority treatment, 36 cases) and control group (conventional surgery, 36 cases). The general clinical characteristics, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications, postoperative pain score, and number of staplers used in the two groups were compared.Results:All operations were successfully completed without conversion to thoracotomy. There was no significant difference between the two groups in clinical characteristics, intraoperative blood loss [ (25.3±12.8) ml vs 32.5±14.2) ml, P>0.05], postoperative hospital stay[ (4.7±1.6) d vs (4.9±1.5) d, P>0.05], postoperative pain score [ (3.3±1.1), (4.8±1.4), (3.7±1.1) vs (3.5±1.2), (5.5±1.4), (4.1±1.4), P>0.05], number of lymph node dissection (9.1±1.8 vs 8.3±1.7, P>0.05), or postoperative complications (16.7% vs 27.8%, P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significant advantages in the operation time [ (87.2±6.1) vs (106.4±21.8) min, P<0.05] and the number of staplers used (3.7±0.8 vs 5.8±1.3, P<0.05) . Conclusions:Single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic right upper lobe resection with bronchial priority treatment is safe and effective. It simplifies the surgical procedure, reduces the use of disposable consumables, does not increase the risk of perioperative period, and has clinical application prospects.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1490-1493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980539

ABSTRACT

Acute transient or permanent retinal arterial ischemia is ocular and systemic emergency requiring immediate diagnosis and treatment. Transient monocular vision loss is transient retinal arterial ischemia which leaves no permanent deficits. Central retinal arterial occlusion and branch retinal arterial occlusion lead to permanent visual function deficits in the majority of patients. Current treatment include lowering intraocular pressure, dilating blood vessels, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, intravenous or intra-arterial thrombolysis and so on, but there is still no standard treatment procedure. High risk groups should receive primary prevention measures in order to reduce the incidence of the disease. Patients with acute retinal arterial ischemia are at high risk of subsequent stroke and adverse cardiovascular events. Relevant risk factors should be identified in time, the primary disease should be treated actively, and appropriate secondary prevention measures should be taken to improve the prognosis. This review summarizes the recent treatment and prevention procedures of acute retinal arterial ischemia, to provide references for the management of these diseases.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 673-676, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989864

ABSTRACT

Objective:By comparing the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of purse suture, to explore how to minimize the incidence of anastomotic complications after cervical anastomosis of esophageal cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 45 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent mediastinal endoscopy combined with laparoscopic radical resection of esophageal cancer from Jan.2019 to Jun.2020 in Department of Thoracic Surgery, Henan Chest Hospital were selected. In the observation group, 22 cases were sutured with spiral packing at the esophageal stump, and in the control group, 23 cases were sutured with conventional loading forceps. The clinical effects of the two groups were objectively evaluated.Results:There was no significant difference between the two groups in operation time, intraoperative blood loss or hospitalization days ( P>0.05) . In terms of postoperative complications, the incidence of anastomotic leakage and anastomotic stenosis in the observation group (4.54%, 9.09%) was significantly lower than that in the control group (17.39%, 39.13%) , and there was significant difference in the incidence of anastomotic stenosis ( P<0.05) . Conclusion:The spiral continuous suture of esophageal stump can reduce the incidence of anastomotic fistula/anastomotic stenosis without increasing surgical trauma or prolonging operation time, which is worthy of clinical application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 148-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931916

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of event-related potential P300 in the diagnosis and treatment of cognitive function in patients with chronic insomnia combined with anxiety and depression.Methods:Sixty patients with chronic insomnia complicated with anxiety and depression treated in Wuhan First Hospital from October 2020 to March 2021 were selected as the observation group, and 60 healthy volunteers were selected as the control group in the same period.Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) were used to evaluate the anxiety and depression status of patients.Mini mental state examination (MMSE) and Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA) were used to evaluate the cognitive function of the subjects.All subjects were tested for P300 event-related potential, and the latency and amplitude of P300 event-related potential were recorded.SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t-test was used for comparison between groups.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between cognitive function and P300 event-related potential. Results:The scores of HAMA ((16.65±5.10), (9.30±4.42)) and HAMD ((18.07±3.97), (8.48±3.21)) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group ( t=8.438, 14.545, both P<0.05), and the MoCA score (22.35±4.25) was lower than that(25.65±2.29) in the control group ( t=-5.291, P<0.05). In the eight dimensions of MoCA, the scores of visual space and executive ability ((3.38±1.46), (4.63±0.69)), naming ((2.37±0.78), (2.65±0.48)), language ((2.17±0.96), (2.53±0.81)) and delayed recall ((2.58±1.45), (4.17±0.85))in the observation group were lower than those in the control group ( t=-5.991, -2.394, -2.259, -7.292, all P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the latencies of P300 (N1, N2, P3) in the observation group were significantly prolonged ( t=3.281, 4.342, 4.492, all P<0.01). The latencies of P300 (N1, N2, P3) were positively correlated with HAMD score ( r=0.242, 0.301, 0.311, all P<0.05). The latencies of P300 (N2, P3) were positively correlated with HAMA score ( r=0.205, 0.207, both P<0.05). The latencies of P300 (N2, P3) were negatively correlated with the delayed recall score of MoCA ( r=-0.197, -0.236, both P<0.05). Conclusion:There are different degrees of cognitive impairment in patients with chronic insomnia combined with anxiety and depression.P300 in patients with chronic insomnia combined with anxiety and depression shows prolonged latency.P300 latency is related to depression, anxiety and cognition in patients with chronic insomnia combined with anxiety and depression.Event-related potential P300 may be used as a neurophysiological objective evaluation tool for cognitive impairment in patients with chronic insomnia combined with anxiety and depression.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1868-1873, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929434

ABSTRACT

Saponins and sterones are two main characteristic components in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix. In order to control the quality of Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix more effectively, a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was established by using double external standards calibration method (DESCM) for simultaneous determination of the contents of achyranthoside C, achyranthoside D, β-ecdysterone, 25R-inokosterone and 25S-inokosterone in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix. Chromatographic separation was achieved on an Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18 (150 mm × 4.6 mm, 2.7 µm) using 0.1% phosphoric acid in water and 0.1% phosphoric acid in acetonitrile as mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.8 mL·min-1 and the column temperature was set as 35 ℃, the injection volume was 5 μL and the total analytical time was 30 min. β-Ecdysterone was used as the reference to calculate the relative correction factors (RCF) and relative retention time (RRT) of 25R-inokosterone and 25S-inokosterone, achyranthoside D was used for achyranthoside C. The RCFs of 25R-inokosterone, 25S-inokosterone, and achyranthoside C were 1.116, 1.056, and 0.888 1, respectively. The double external standards calibration method (DESCM) and external standard method (ESM) were used to calculate the contents of five ingredients in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix samples from different sources and the variation between the results was within acceptable limits (RE ≤ 5%). The results showed that the contents of two saponins and three sterones of Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix were 0.597%-1.916% and 0.044%-0.150% respectively. The total content of saponins was about 10 times that of sterones. In conclusion, the established DESCM allowed simultaneous determination of five ingredients (achyranthoside C, achyranthoside D, β-ecdysterone, 25R-inokosterone, and 25S-inokosterone) in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, providing a scientific and feasible overall quality evaluation method for Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 547-556, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922884

ABSTRACT

The abnormality of ubiquitin proteasome pathway is an important factor leading to the imbalance of protein homeostasis. In this process, the deubiquitinase responsible for removing the ubiquitin chain of protein substrate is very important. Its abnormal activity or expression can cause the functional changes of key oncogenic/tumor suppressor proteins, which directly or indirectly lead to the occurrence, development and malignant evolution of tumors. Based on this, the discovery and research of small molecule inhibitors targeting deubiquitinases have become a hot field of anti-tumor candidate drugs. This review will focus on the regulatory effect and mechanism of ubiquitin proteasome pathway, especially deubiquitinase on tumor, introduce the application of deubiquitinase small molecule inhibitors in tumor treatment, and discuss the research status and latest progress of small molecule inhibitors, so as to provide ideas for the research of new anti-tumor strategies based on deubiquitinase.

16.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 850-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980027

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the diagnostic efficacy of rifampin-resistant real-time fluorescent quantitative nucleic acid amplification detection technology (GeneXpert MTB/RIF) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) combined with peripheral blood tuberculosis infection T cell spot test (T-SPOT) and tuberculosis antibody (TB-Ab) in smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods The clinical data of 114 cases of clinically diagnosed smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis, 80 cases of non-tuberculous pulmonary diseases and 22 cases of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in our hospital from January 2019 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The detection results of peripheral blood T-SPOT, TB-Ab and BALF GeneXpert in the three groups were analyzed. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value, false negative rate, false positive rate and Youden index of the three detection methods were compared. The differences in the positive detection rate of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis between the separate detection and the combined detection of the three methods were compared. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was performed to calculate the area under the curve (AUC). Results The sensitivity of BALF GeneXpert and peripheral blood T-SPOT and TB-Ab was 66.91%, 80.88% and 90.44%, respectively. The specificity was 98.75%, 73.75% and 41.25%, respectively; the diagnostic coincidence rates were 78.70%, 78.24% and 72.22%, respectively, which were higher than 70.00%. In the smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis group, the positive detection rates of these three methods in the smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis group were 63.15%, 79.82% and 90.35%, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant compared with those in the non-tuberculosis pulmonary disease group (all P<0.01). The positive detection rate of the three combined methods in the smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis group was 96.49 %, which was significantly higher than that of TB-GeneXpert method and T-SPOT, and the differences were statistically significant (χ2=37.283, P<0.01; χ2=13.612, P<0.01); the Youden index of combined detection was significantly higher than that of single detection, and the AUC of combined detection was 0.977, which was significantly higher than that of single detection. Conclusion BALF GeneXpert combined with peripheral blood T-SPOT and TB-Ab can significantly improve the diagnostic rate of bacterial-negative pulmonary tuberculosis, providing a strong basis for guiding clinical treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 742-745, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the iodine content distribution of drinking water in Jingdezhen City, and master the status of prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD), so as to provide a basis for adopting targeted control measures and scientific adjustment of control and prevention strategies.Methods:According to the "National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Surveillance Program" and the "National Water Iodine Content Survey Program for Drinking Water", the surveillance of IDD in Jingdezhen City was carried out from 2017 to 2020. Household edible salt samples from pregnant women and students aged 8 to 10 were collected to detect salt iodine content, and urine samples were collected to detect urinary iodine. Thyroid volume of students was measured by B-ultrasonography, and the rate of goiter was calculated. In 2017, the iodine content of drinking water in Jingdezhen City was investigated, and the results were analyzed.Results:From 2017 to 2020, a total of 1 800 students were examined for thyroid gland, and 11 students were found to have goiter, with an goiter rate of 0.61%. A total of 3 201 edible salt samples and 3 201 urine samples were collected from students, the median of salt iodine was 24.96-26.40 mg/kg, the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 98.50%-99.50%, and the median of urinary iodine was 172.56-218.35 μg/L. A total of 1 600 edible salt samples and 1 600 urine samples were collected from pregnant women, the median of salt iodine was 24.40-25.38 mg/kg, the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 97.25%-98.00%, and the median of urinary iodine was 161.55-205.60 μg/L. In 2017, a total of 667 water samples were collected from 52 villages and towns in 4 counties and districts. The median of water iodine of the 4 counties and districts was 0.6-3.2 μg/L, and that of the 52 villages and towns was 0.3-12.3 μg/L.Conclusions:The iodine nutrition level of students and pregnant women in Jingdezhen City is generally at an appropriate level, but the iodine content of drinking water is low. It is suggested to strengthen the health education and health promotion of IDD among key population, guide the residents to supplement iodine scientifically, and continuously eliminate the harm of IDD.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 46-50, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of Hashimoto's encephalopathy presenting with isolated cerebellar ataxia in children. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical features, laboratory tests, neuroelectrophysiological examination, imaging, treatment and outcomes of 13 patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy presenting with isolated cerebellar ataxia, who were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Neurology of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from January 2016 to May 2021. Results: Among the 13 cases, 6 were males and 7 were females. The onset age was 2.6 (2.0,3.3) years, 9 children had precursor infection or vaccination before the first course of disease. All the 13 children had gait abnormalities or unsteady sitting, 10 had intentional tremor, 6 had dysarthria, 3 had body tremor, 2 had nystagmus, 3 had fatigue, 3 had hypotonia, 2 had vomiting and 1 had irritability. Thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) was 500.0 (298.9,587.2) kU/L and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) was 621.9 (449.6,869.4) kU/L in 13 cases. Autoantibodies were positive in 9 cases, and cerebrospinal fluid leukocytosis was seen in 4 cases. Regarding electroencephalography result, 4 cases had background slowing and 1 case had occasional sharp waves. Among the 3 patients who had relapses, 1 had cerebellar atrophy shown on cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during the recurrence. All the patients received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and intensive methylprednisolone therapy during the first onset, followed by the disappearance of the symptoms, 1 patient had repeated episodes which was decreased after immunosuppressive treatment with Rituximab.Followed up for 25.0 (22.5,33.3) months after the last episode, 12 achieved complete remission and 1 had a wide base gait. Conclusions: Trunk ataxia is the common symptom of Hashimoto's encephalopathy presenting with isolated cerebellar ataxia in children.Children with cerebellar ataxia should be tested for TgAb and TPOAb to detect Hashimoto's encephalopathy, avoiding missed diagnosis and treatment delays; IVIG and intensive steroid therapy is effective, and immunosuppressive therapy for patients with multiple relapses could reduce the recurrence.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Autoantibodies , Cerebellar Ataxia , Encephalitis , Hashimoto Disease , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 134-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935591

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer. Methods: Clinical data of 8 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from September 2019 to June 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 5 males and 3 females,aged from 47 to 72 years old. All patients underwent abdominal enhanced CT and PET-CT before operation to accurately evaluate the tumor stage and exclude distant metastasis. Results: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with AG regimen(gemcitabine 1 000 mg/m2 and albumin bound paclitaxel 125 mg/m2) was received for 2 to 6 cycles before surgery. All 8 patients successfully completed the operation,including 5 cases of pancreaticoduodenectomy,2 cases of radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy(RAMPS),and 1 case of total pancreatectomy. No conversion to laparotomy or laparoscopic assisted surgery. The operation time was 240 to 450 minutes,the blood loss was 100 to 500 ml,the postoperative length of stay was 10 to 16 days. During the follow-up period up to December 31, 2020, there was 1 case suffered grade B pancreatic leakage and abdominal infection. The numbers of resected lymph nodes were 9 to 31. All patients received R0 resection. The follow-up times were 4.5 to 9.5 months. One patient underwent RAMPS was diagnosed as liver metastasis after 2 months of the operation,and the other 7 patients still survived without tumor recurrence. Conclusion: Minimally invasive surgery of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is safe and feasible in experienced pancreatic minimally invasive centers.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Laparoscopy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 394-405, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881143

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have shown that programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) modulates distinct signal transduction pathways in different pathological conditions. Despite acute and chronic immune responses elicited by ischemia contributing to the functional deterioration of the kidney, the contributions and mechanisms of PDCD4 in acute kidney injury (AKI) have remained unclear. Using two murine AKI models including renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and cisplatin-induced AKI, we found that PDCD4 deficiency markedly ameliorated renal dysfunction and inflammatory responses in AKI mice. Consistently, upregulation of PDCD4 was also confirmed in the kidneys from patients with biopsy confirmed acute tubular necrosis from a retrospective cohort study. Moreover, we found that overexpression of

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