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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 424-431, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016645

ABSTRACT

Two methods including gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were established to detect common alkyl sulfonates and aryl sulfonates genotoxic impurities. Four alkyl sulfonates and methyl benzenesulfonate were determined by GC-MS/MS using butyl methanesulfonate as the internal standard, the chromatographic column was HP-5MS UI (30 mm × 0.25 mm, 0.25 µm), the carrier gas was helium, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1 in a constant flow mode, the sample inlet temperature was set to 250 ℃, the split ratio was 10∶1, and the initial temperature of the heating program was 80 ℃, maintained for 1 minute, and then increased to 240 ℃ at a heating rate of 30 ℃·min-1 for 2 minutes. The mass spectrometry detector was an electron bombardment ion source (EI source), the data collection condition was multi reaction monitoring mode (MRM), and method validation using the raw material of clinical drug citalopram hydrobromide as a sample. The results showed that the linear range of four alkyl sulfonates and methyl benzenesulfonate were good at 3-50 ng·mL-1 and 9-150 ng·mL-1, with a correlation coefficient of r > 0.999, The spiked recovery was 80%-120%. The detection limits were 1 and 3 ng·mL-1; Ten aryl sulfonates determined by LC-MS/MS, the chromatographic column was CSH Fluoro phenyl (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 µm), the mobile phase was methanol (B)-5 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (D), with a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min-1, and gradient elution was performed. The gradient program (T/% B) was set as 0/20, 25/90, 35/90, 42/20. The mass spectrometer detector was electro spray ionization with positive ionization mode (ESI+), the data collection was in dynamic multi reaction monitoring mode (dMRM), and the method was validated using the raw material of the clinical drug citalopram hydrobromide as a sample. The results showed that the linear range of aryl sulfonates were good at 9-2 000 ng·mL-1, 3-100 ng·mL-1 and 0.9-30 ng·mL-1, respectively. The correlation coefficient r > 0.999, the spiked recovery was 80%-120%. The detection limits were 30, 1 and 0.3 ng·mL-1. Two detection methods did not detect potential sulfonate genotoxicity impurities in the above APIs. The established analytical methods are reliable and effective, which can provide reference for drug quality control and detection.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 856-866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978755

ABSTRACT

Nanotechnology has shown obvious advantages in the field of medical treatment and diagnosis. Through the encapsulation of nano carriers, drugs not only enhance the therapeutic effect and reduce toxic and side effects, but also become intelligent responsive targeted drug systems through the modification on the surface of nano carriers. However, due to the obstacles in relevant basic research, production conditions, cost, clinical trials, and the lack of pharmacokinetic research on various drug loading systems, few nano systems have been used in therapy. In order to solve the above problems, this paper reviewed and analyzed the research progress of nano carriers in drug delivery, including their auxiliary role and characteristics, types and functions, pharmacokinetics, application prospects and challenges.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1586-1595, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978734

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease driven by antigens and mediated by T cells. Collagen II (CII) and fibrinogen (Fib) are the two main antigens in the pathogenesis of RA. The antigen produced after citrulline modification (Cit) is also one of the inducements to induce the body to produce a pathogenic anti-citrulline protein antibody (ACPA). To provide a reference for RA-related research, this study intends to establish an RA animal model by using CII, Cit-CII, Fib, and Cit-Fib antigens, emulsification with complete Freund's adjuvant and immunization with DBA/1 mice, respectively, to compare the pathological characteristics of RA models induced by different antigens from the aspects of pathology, imaging and serum biochemistry. Animal welfare and experimental process are in accordance with the regulations of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences. The results showed that the CII, Cit-CII, and Cit-Fib induced mice all had symptoms such as joint redness and swelling, and toe deformation and the clinical score and incidence rate were higher than those of the normal group. The CII group had the most serious lesions, with a incidence rate of 100%, and the Cit-CII and Cit-Fib groups had mild symptoms, with a incidence rate of 25% and 37.5%, respectively; pathological and imaging examination results showed that the joints of mice in CII-induced group showed severe synovial inflammation, cartilage and bone destruction, while those in Cit-CII and Cit-Fib group showed only slight inflammatory infiltration, joint cavity stenosis and bone destruction; the results of serum antibody detection showed that CII, Cit-CII and Cit-Fib groups all produced high levels of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies, among which, Cit-Fib group > Cit-CII group > CII group > Fib group, and both Cit-CII and Cit-Fib groups produced high levels of citrullinated epitope-specific antibodies, while the total IgG level was the highest in CII group; serum ELISA and RT-PCR analysis of joint tissue showed that the expression of pro-inflammatory factors and bone destruction-related molecules increased most significantly in the CII-induced group, followed by Cit-Fib and Cit-CII. The above results showed that among the four different antigens, the symptoms and conditions of arthritis in RA mice induced by CII were the most serious, and IgG instead of anti-CCP antibody was its typical immunological feature, and CII could be the first choice for the model of RA mice; Cit-Fib has certain immunogenicity, can partially induce the symptoms and conditions of RA arthritis in mice, and produce high-level anti-CCP antibody and anti-Cit-Fib antibody, which is more suitable for the study of citrulline-related RA; although Cit-CII has certain immunogenicity, the incidence, and severity of RA arthritis induced by Cit-CII in mice are low.

4.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 99-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the value of MRI ovarian-adnexal reporting and data system (O-RADS MRI) in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian-adnexal masses.MethodsTotally 146 patients (202 masses) with ovarian-adnexal lesions who underwent pelvic examination at 3.0 T MRI according to standardized scan protocol of O-RADS MRI and were pathologically confirmed in The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2020 and February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Two radiologists classified the ovarian-adnexal masses as risk levels 1~5 according to O-RADS MRI and evaluated their consistency by Cohen’s kappa. Using pathological findings as the gold standard, the detection yield of malignant lesions with O-RADS MRI classification was analyzed. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were calculated (cutoff for malignancy, score ≥ 4).ResultsOf 202 masses, 62 (30.7%) were malignant, 140 (69.3%) were benign. The two radiologists presented good agreement in O-RADS MRI classification of ovarian adnexal masses (Kappa=0.932). The malignancy rates of masses with scores of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 were 0%, 0%, 7.7%, 95%, 97.6%, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 96.8% (60/62), 98.6% (138/140), 98.0% (198/202), 0.977.ConclusionsO-RADS MRI yields high diagnostic efficiency for benign and malignant ovarian adnexal masses and its widespread implementation will improve communication between radiologists and clinicians, and facilitate optimal patient management. Therefore, O-RADS MRI warrants widespread use in clinical setting.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1137-1144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970586

ABSTRACT

In order to judge the future development trend of science and technology, plan ahead and lay out the frontier technology fields and directions, China Association of Chinese Medicine(CACM) has launched consultation projects for collecting "major scienti-fic issues and engineering technology difficulties in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)" for the industry for three consecutive years since 2019. Up to now, 18 projects have been selected as major issues for research, and some experience and achievements have been made. These projects have been applied in important scientific and technological work such as scientific and technological planning and deployment at all levels of national, local, and scientific research institutions, the selection and cultivation of major national scientific and technological projects, and the construction of innovation bases, giving full play to the role of the think tank advisory committee of CACM. This study reviewed the selection of major issues for the first time, systematically combed its application in the national layout of science and technology, and put forward the existing problems and improvement suggestions, aiming to provide new ideas for further improving the selection of major issues and research direction, providing a theoretical basis and decision support for the national scientific and technological layout in the field of TCM, and promoting scientific and technological innovation to facilitate the high quality development of TCM.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Inventions , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1077-1086, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Guanxin V, which is prescribed for ventricular remodeling in clinical practice.@*METHODS@#Guanxin V-, ventricular remodeling-, and inflammation-related targets were obtained through an integrated strategy of virtual screening and systematic pharmacology, and then the shared targets were visualised with a Venn diagram. Guanxin V network and the protein-protein interaction network were drawn, and enrichment analysis was conducted. Finally, the main results obtained from the integrated strategy were validated by molecular docking and in vivo experiments.@*RESULTS@#A total of 251, 11,425, and 15,246 Guanxin V-, ventricular remodeling-, and inflammation-related targets were acquired, respectively. Then, 211 shared targets were considered to contribute to the mechanism of ventricular remodeling treated by Guanxin V. Guanxin network and the protein-protein interaction network were drawn, and enrichment analysis showed some cardiovascular-related biological processes and signaling pathways. Molecular docking revealed that the Guanxin V-derived compounds could align with key targets. Final in vivo experiments proved that Guanxin V reverses ventricular remodeling by inhibiting inflammation.@*CONCLUSION@#Guanxin V relieves ventricular remodeling by regulating inflammation, which provides new ideas for the anti-ventricular remodeling mechanism of Guanxin V.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Ventricular Remodeling , Inflammation/drug therapy
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 851-856, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence and potential influence factors that contribute to chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) in elderly patients with urinary tract tumors who underwent laparoscopic procedures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 182 elderly patients with urinary tract tumors who were ≥65 years and underwent laparoscopic surgery from October 2021 to March 2022 in Peking University Third Hospital. The patients'demographic information, medical history and the severity of postoperative pain were collected. Telephone follow-ups were made 6 months after surgery, and the patients' CPSP conditions were recorded. The diagnostic criteria of CPSP were referred to the definition made by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP): (1) Pain that developed or increased in intensity after surgical procedure and persisted for at least 3 months after surgery; (2) Pain that localized to the surgical field or projected to the innervation territory of a nerve situated around the surgical area; (3) Pain due to pre-existing pain conditions or infections and malignancy was excluded. The patients were divided into two groups based on CPSP diagnosis. Risk factors that predisposed the patients to CPSP were identified using univariate analysis. A multivariate Logistic regression model using back-forward method was designed, including both variables that significantly associated with CPSP in the univariate analysis (P < 0.1), and the variables that were considered to have significant clinical impact on the outcome.@*RESULTS@#Two hundred and sixteen patients with urinary tract tumors who had undergone laparoscopic surgery were included, of whom, 34 (15.7%) were excluded from the study. For the remaining 182 patients, the average age was (72.6±5.2) years, with 146 males and 36 females. The incidence of CPSP at the end of 6 months was 31.9% (58/182). Multiva-riate regression analysis revealed that age ≥75 years (OR=0.29, 95% CI: 0.12-0.73, P=0.008) was the protecting factors for postoperative chronic pain in the elderly patients with urinary tract tumors undergoing surgical treatment, while renal cancer (compared with other types of urinary tract tumors) (OR=3.68, 95% CI: 1.58-8.58, P=0.003), and the 24 h postoperative moderate to severe pain (OR=2.57, 95% CI: 1.14-5.83, P=0.024) were the independent risk factors affecting CPSP.@*CONCLUSION@#Age < 75 years, renal cancer and the 24 h postoperative moderate to severe pain are influence factors of the occurrence of CPSP after laparoscopic surgery in elderly patients with urinary tract tumors. Optimum postoperative multimodal analgesia strategies are suggested to prevent the occurrence of CPSP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Chronic Pain/diagnosis , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Kidney Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/complications , Risk Factors
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3321-3329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999074

ABSTRACT

Magnolol, a hydroquinone containing an allyl side chain, is one of the major active components of magnolia for antioxidation and anti-aging. To enhance the anti-aging activity and improve the intramolecular hydrogen bonding of magnolol, magnolol was reacted with cinnamic acid to obtain 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol by esterification. The anti-aging activity of magnolol 2-O-cinnamate was investigated based on Caenorhabditis elegans model. The results showed that 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol can reduce lipofuscin accumulation in the nematode body, and the effect is better than that of magnolol. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol can extend nematode lifespan, reduce ROS levels in nematodes during normal aging and oxidative stress and improve nematode stress resistance under heat stress and oxidative stress. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol could induce DAF-16 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and upregulate the expression of the sod-3 gene encoding superoxide dismutase in the nematode TJ356 expressing DAF-16 fused with GFP. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol did not improve the survival rate of hsp-16.2 gene deficient nematodes under oxidative stress, indicating that 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol improves stress resistance of nematodes under oxidative stress may be associated with sod-3 and hsp-16.2. Moreover, 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol did not extend the lifespan of daf-16 and age-1 mutants, indicating that age-1 and daf-16 are required for 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol to delay aging. It showed that magnolol 2-O-cinnamic acid has the potential to improve antioxidant capacity and delay aging, and the mechanism may be related to the insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling pathway.

9.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 465-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015199

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] ObjectVisualizing the superficial cerebellar vein and its tributaries on suscepxibility weighted imaging (SWI), and to construct superficial cerebellar vein network. Methods According to the inclusion criteria, 80 healthy volunteers (40 males and 40 females) were selected for 3. 0 T MRI scans to obtain conventional sequence cross-section, sagittal tomographic images, and SWI image data. Post-processing was performed on the Extended MR workspace 2. 6. 3. 4 image workstation to reconstruct minimum intensity projection(mIP) images. SPSS 21. 0 statistical software was used to analyze and process each data, and the diameter measurement result were expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Results Both SWI and mIP could image the structures of the cerebellum and its veins. The cerebellar veins were divided into deep and superficial parts. The superficial cerebellar veins were divided into two groups: the vermis and the cerebellar hemispheres. The superficial vein of the cerebellar vermis consisted of superior vermis vein [diameter: (1. 21±0. 24)mm, occurrence rate: 92. 16%], summit vein [ diameter: (0. 66 ± 0. 05) mm, occurrence rate: 95%], mountain vein [diameter: (0. 76±0. 03)mm, occurrence rate: 100%], inferior vermis vein [diameter: (1. 40±0. 27)mm, occurrence rate: 99. 02%]. The superficial cerebellar hemisphere vein consists of anterior superior cerebellar vein [diameter: (1. 09± 0. 12)mm, occurrence rate: 100%], posterior superior cerebellar vein [diameter: (0. 88±0. 13) mm, occurrence rate: 70%], anterior inferior cerebellar vein [ diameter: (1. 34 ± 0. 15) mm, occurrence rate: 100%], posterior inferior cerebellar vein [ diameter: (1. 11 ± 0. 09) mm, occurrence rate: 92. 5%]. The deep veins were divided into cerebellomesencephalic fissure group, cerebellopontine fissure group, and cerebellomedullary fissure group. Conclusion SWI can display the microstructure and venules of the cerebellum, and can construct a network of superficial cerebellar veins.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1755-1764, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013722

ABSTRACT

Aim To verify the role of Shengjiang Powder in sepsis and explore its molecular mechanism. Methods The targets of drug active ingredients and disease-related targets were searched by TCMSP, Disgenet and other databases, and the intersection of the two was selected. DAVID database was used to carry out enrichment analysis of GO and KEGG pathways for intersection targets, and molecular docking was performed between drug active ingredients and core genes of key pathways. Mouse model of sepsis was constructed by cecal ligation puncture (CLP). Spleen tissue and serum of mice were collected. The percentage of T cell subsets in spleen was detected by flow cytometry, and IL-6 and IL-10 levels in serum were detected by ELISA. Results A total of 25 active ingredients, 238 targets of active ingredients, 2797 disease-related targets, 90 genes of intersection between active ingredients and disease-related targets, potential targets were AKT, JUN, EGFR, MMP9, etc. GO enrichment analysis showed 1021 items, including 942 biological processes, 23 cell compositions and 55 molecular functions. KEGG pathway analysis found that the intersection genes were mainly enriched in THE PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway and inflammatory mediators signaling pathway, indicating that the therapeutic effect may be related to these pathways. The molecular docking results showed that quercetin, kamanol, emodin and other core compounds could be well combined with key genes. Flow cytometry results showed that after seven days of CLP, the proportion of CD4 T cells in spleen decreased, the proportion of CD4 PD-1 T cells increased, the release of IL-6 decreased, the content of IL-10 increased, and the mice were immunosuppressed. The percentage of CD4 T cells in spleen increased, the number of CD4 PD-1 T cells decreased, the release of IL-6 was enhanced, the content of IL-10 decreased, and the immunosuppression was improved. Conclusions It is proved that Shengjiang Powder can increase the release of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6, increase the ratio of CD4 T/CD8 T cells, and decrease the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in the late stage of sepsis, so as to improve immune suppression in the late stage of sepsis and improve the survival rate of mice.

11.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 208-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976244

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the current screening methods for the students who were in close contact with tuberculosis patients, that could accurately identify the preventive treatment subjects, and to improve the tuberculosis prevention and control in Shanghai schools. MethodsThe freshman/sophomore who were in close contact with active tuberculosis patients in the colleges in 2019 were recruited. All the subjects underwent both tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON-TB gold in-tube (QFT) test at the enrollment. After signed the informed consent, all of the participants filled in a questionnaire and determined their baseline tuberculosis infection status. They were followed up for 2 years to monitor the conversion of infection status and the incidence of tuberculosis. ResultsFour of 9 (44.4%) positive participants had conversion to negative results, and 5 of 300 (1.7%) negative participants had conversion to positive during the 2-year follow-up, one of which was diagnosed with active tuberculosis. We assessed diagnostic agreement between QFT and TST at different cut-off values. The highest coincidence rate was 94.0% when choosing 15 mm as the cut-off value, with Kappa coefficient of 0.45 (95%CI: 0.32‒0.59). ConclusionAlthough stricter than the national work requirements, the prevention and control of tuberculosis in Shanghai schools still need to be carried out meticulously. It's necessary to strengthen daily prevention and control measures, and improve the ability of management.

12.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971420

ABSTRACT

Objective: To review the clinical characteristics, to illustrate diagnosis and management experience of orbital and cranial complications of pediatric acute rhinosinusitis. Methods: The clinical data of 24 children with orbital and cranial complications of acute rhinosinusitis who received endoscopic sinus surgery combined with drug treatment in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 19 boys and 5 girls. The age varied from 13 to 159 months, with a median 47.5 months. The following diagnoses were obtained: 12 isolated subperiosteal orbital abscess, 2 associated with preseptal abscess, 2 associated with intraorbital abscess, 7 associated with optic neuritis, and 1 associated with septic cavernous sinus thrombosis. Clinical characteristics, organism isolated and outcomes were analyzed through descriptive methods. Results: All 24 patients presented with fever; 9 presented with nasal congestion and purulent discharge. The clinical manifestations of orbital infection included orbital edema, pain, proptosis and displacement of globe in all patients, while visual impairment was recognized in 7 children. Purulent drainage was cultured in 17 patients, among which 12 were positive. All patients underwent nasal endoscopic surgical interventions uneventfully, excluding one patient who required a second surgical procedure. Follow-up period ranged from 5 to 64 months. All patients resolved fully, with the exception of 2 children who got permanent blindness with visual loss preoperative. There was no recurrence or death. Conclusions: Orbital and cranial complications of pediatric acute rhinosinusitis could be severe with an occult onset. For patients with vison impairment, any signs of intracranial complications and a lack of response to conservative management, an urgent endoscopic intervention is needed.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Abscess/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Sinusitis/therapy , Orbital Cellulitis , Acute Disease , Exophthalmos , Orbital Diseases/therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 25-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971146

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of porcine urinary bladder matrix (UBM) on the motility and polarization of bone marrow-derived macrophages in mice, so as to provide evidence for the rational selection of stent in clinical wound repair. Methods: The method of experimental research was used. The microstructure of porcine UBM and absorbable dressing was observed under scanning electron microscope. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to observe the protein distribution of the two stent extracts. The primary macrophages were induced from bone marrow-derived cells isolated from six 6-8-week-old male C57BL/6J mice (mouse age, sex, and strain, the same below) and identified. Three batches of macrophages were divided into porcine UBM extract group and absorbable dressing extract group. The cells in each group were cultured with Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium/F12 medium containing the corresponding extracts. The cell migration rate was detected and calculated on 1, 3, and 7 d after scratching by scratch test. The number of migrated cells at 12 and 24 h of culture was detected by Transwell experiment. The percentages of CD206 and CD86 positive cells at 24 h of culture was detected by flow cytometer. The numbers of sample in the above cell experiments were all 3. An incision was prepared on the left and right back of twelve mice, respectively. The left incision of each mouse was included in porcine UBM group and the right incision was included in absorbable dressing group, and the corresponding stents were implanted into the incisions respectively. On post operation day (POD) 7 and 14, the number of inflammatory cells infiltrated in the stent was detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining; the number of F4/80, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and matrix metalloprotein-9 (MMP-9) positive cells and type Ⅰ collagen deposition in stents were observed by immunohistochemistry; the percentages of F4/80, CD86, and CD206 positive cells were observed by immunofluorescence staining. The numbers of sample in the above animal experiments were all 6. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for factorial design, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, and independent sample t test. Results: Porcine UBM has a dense basement membrane structure on one side and porous propria containing a fibrous structures on the other. Both sides of the absorbable dressing had three-dimensional porous structure. In the molecular weight range of (50-70)×103, multiple non-type Ⅰ collagen bands appeared in the lanes of porcine UBM extract, while no obvious bands appeared in the lanes of absorbable dressing extract. It had been identified that mouse bone marrow-derived cells had been successfully induced into macrophages. The cell migration rates in porcine UBM extract group were significantly higher than those in absorbable dressing extract group on 1, 3, and 7 d after scratching (with t values of 15.31, 19.76, and 20.58, respectively, P<0.05). The numbers of migrated cells in porcine UBM extract group were significantly more than those in absorbable dressing extract group at 12 and 24 h of culture (with t values of 12.20 and 33.26, respectively, P<0.05). At 24 h of culture, the percentage of CD86 positive cells in porcine UBM extract group ((1.27±0.19)%) was significantly lower than (7.34±0.14)% in absorbable dressing extract group (t=17.03, P<0.05);the percentage of CD206 positive cells in porcine UBM extract group was (73.4±0.7)%, significantly higher than (32.2±0.5)% in absorbable dressing extract group (t=119.10, P<0.05). On POD 7 and 14, the numbers of inflammatory cells infiltrated in the stents in porcine UBM group was significantly more than those in absorbable dressing group (with t values of 6.58 and 10.70, respectively, P<0.05). On POD 7 and 14, the numbers of F4/80, TGF-β1, VEGF, and MMP-9 positive cells in the stents in porcine UBM group were significantly more than those in absorbable dressing group (with t values of 46.11, 40.69, 13.90, 14.15, 19.79, 32.93, 12.16, and 13.21, respectively, P<0.05); type Ⅰ collagen deposition in the stents in porcine UBM group was more pronounced than that in absorbable dressing group; the percentages of CD206 positive cells in the stents in porcine UBM group were significantly higher than those in absorbable dressing group (with t values of 5.05 and 4.13, respectively, P<0.05), while the percentages of CD86 positive cells were significantly lower than those in absorbable dressing group (with t values of 20.90 and 19.64, respectively, P<0.05), and more M2-type macrophages were seen in the stents in porcine UBM group and more M1-type macrophages were seen in the stents in absorbable dressing group. Conclusions: Porcine UBM can enhance macrophage motility, induce M2 polarization and paracrine function, create a microenvironment containing growth factors such as TGF-β1 and MMP-9 tissue remodeling molecules, and promote tissue regeneration and extracellular matrix remodeling in mice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Swine , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Urinary Bladder , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Macrophages , Collagen
14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 84-89, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970956

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the predisposing factors, clinical characteristics, and risk factors of disease progression to establish a novel predictive survival model and evaluate its application value for hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure. Methods: 153 cases of HBV-ACLF were selected according to the guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of liver failure (2018 edition) of the Chinese Medical Association Hepatology Branch. Predisposing factors, the basic liver disease stage, therapeutic drugs, clinical characteristics, and factors affecting survival status were analyzed. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to screen prognostic factors and establish a novel predictive survival model. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate predictive value with the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) and the Chronic Liver Failure Consortium Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure score (CLIF-C ACLF). Results: 80.39% (123/153) based on hepatitis B cirrhosis had developed ACLF. HBV-ACLF's main inducing factors were the discontinuation of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) and the application of hepatotoxic drugs, including Chinese patent medicine/Chinese herbal medicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-tuberculosis drugs, central nervous system drugs, anti-tumor drugs, etc. 34.64% of cases had an unknown inducement. The most common clinical symptoms at onset were progressive jaundice, poor appetite, and fatigue. The short-term mortality rate was significantly higher in patients complicated with hepatic encephalopathy, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hepatorenal syndrome, and infection (P < 0.05). Lactate dehydrogenase, albumin, the international normalized ratio, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, hepatic encephalopathy, and upper gastrointestinal bleeding were the independent predictors for the survival status of patients. The LAINeu model was established. The area under the curve for evaluating the survival of HBV-ACLF was 0.886, which was significantly higher than the MELD and CLIF-C ACLF scores (P < 0.05), and the prognosis was worse when the LAINeu score ≥ -3.75. Conclusion: Discontinuation of NAs and the application of hepatotoxic drugs are common predisposing factors for HBV-ACLF. Hepatic decompensation-related complications and infection accelerate the disease's progression. The LAINeu model can predict patient survival conditions more accurately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatic Encephalopathy/complications , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/diagnosis , End Stage Liver Disease/complications , Severity of Illness Index , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 853-858, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005640

ABSTRACT

【 Objective:】 To understand subjects’ experiences and opinions on clinical trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the process of informed consent during the process of participating in TCM clinical trials, and to provide reference for obtaining high-quality informed consent in TCM clinical trials. 【Methods:】 Using qualitative research methods, semi-structured individual in-depth interviews were conducted on 6 participants who had previously participated in TCM clinical trials. 【Results:】 Through data analysis, five major themes and several sub-themes were obtained, including the reasons why participants are willing to participate in TCM clinical trials, the concerns about unwillingness to participate, the information that they hope to be informed during the informed consent process, the specific content that they want to know in TCM clinical trials, and the evaluation of understanding and satisfaction with informed consent. 【Conclusion:】 In the process of informed consent in TCM clinical trials, attention should be paid to the explanation of adverse drug reactions of TCM, the reasonable arrangement and clear notification of the time for participants to participate in the trial, emotional humanistic care in the process of informed consent communication, and the value embodiment of subjects and their expectations for acquiring special knowledge of TCM.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 256-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970521

ABSTRACT

Currently,the research or publications related to the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine are increasing,which attracts the broad attention of all circles. According to the completed clinical evaluation report on Chinese patent medicine,there are still practical problems and technical difficulties such as unclear responsibility of the evaluation organization,unclear evaluation subject,miscellaneous evaluation objects,and incomplete and nonstandard evaluation process. In terms of evaluation standards and specifications,there are different types of specifications or guidelines with different emphases issued by different academic groups or relevant institutions. The professional guideline is required to guide the standardized and efficient clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine and further improve the authority and quality of evaluation. In combination with the characteristics of Chinese patent medicine and the latest research achievement at home and abroad,the detailed specifications were formulated from six aspects including design,theme selection,content and index,outcome,application and appraisal,and quality control. The guideline was developed based on the guideline development requirements of China Assoication of Chinese medicine. After several rounds of expert consensus and public consultation,the current version of the guideline has been developed.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Consensus , China , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 17-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970102

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that long-term spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) have the potential to spontaneously transform into pluripotent stem cells, which is speculated to be related to the tumorigenesis of testicular germ cells, especially when p53 is deficient in SSCs which shows a significant increase in the spontaneous transformation efficiency. Energy metabolism has been proved to be strongly associated with the maintenance and acquisition of pluripotency. Recently, we compared the difference in chromatin accessibility and gene expression profiles between wild-type (p53+/+) and p53 deficient (p53-/-) mouse SSCs using the Assay for Targeting Accessible-Chromatin with high-throughput sequencing (ATAC-seq) and transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) techniques, and revealed that SMAD3 is a key transcription factor in the transformation of SSCs into pluripotent cells. In addition, we also observed significant changes in the expression levels of many genes related to energy metabolism after p53 deletion. To further reveal the role of p53 in the regulation of pluripotency and energy metabolism, this paper explored the effects and mechanism of p53 deletion on energy metabolism during the pluripotent transformation of SSCs. The results of ATAC-seq and RNA-seq from p53+/+ and p53-/- SSCs revealed that gene chromatin accessibility related to positive regulation of glycolysis and electron transfer and ATP synthesis was increased, and the transcription levels of genes encoding key glycolytic enzymes and regulating electron transport-related enzymes were markedly increased. Furthermore, transcription factors SMAD3 and SMAD4 promoted glycolysis and energy homeostasis by binding to the chromatin of the Prkag2 gene which encodes the AMPK subunit. These results suggest that p53 deficiency activates the key enzyme genes of glycolysis in SSCs and enhances the chromatin accessibility of genes associated with glycolysis activation to improve glycolysis activity and promote transformation to pluripotency. Moreover, SMAD3/SMAD4-mediated transcription of the Prkag2 gene ensures the energy demand of cells in the process of pluripotency transformation and maintains cell energy homeostasis by promoting AMPK activity. These results shed light on the importance of the crosstalk between energy metabolism and stem cell pluripotency transformation, which might be helpful for clinical research of gonadal tumors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Male , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Chromatin , Energy Metabolism , Gene Deletion , Stem Cells , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Spermatogonia/cytology
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 186-190, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969969

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of moxibustion at "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) at different time points on the serum level of β-endorphin (β-EP), substance P (SP) and expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein in brainstem in rats with migraine, and to explore the effect and mechanism of moxibustion in preventing and treating migraine.@*METHODS@#Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a prevention+treatment (PT) group and a treatment group, 10 rats in each group. Except the blank group, the rats in the remaining groups were injected with nitroglycerin subcutaneously to prepare migraine model. The rats in the PT group were treated with moxibustion 7 days before modeling (once a day) and 30 min after modeling, while the rats in the treatment group were treated with moxibustion 30 min after modeling. The "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) were taken for 30 minutes each time. The behavioral scores in each group were observed before and after modeling. After intervention, ELISA method was used to detect the serum level of β-EP and SP; the immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the number of positive cells of IL-1β in brainstem; the Western blot method was used to detect the expression of COX-2 protein in brainstem.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the behavioral scores in the model group were increased 0-30 min, 60-90 min and 90-120 min after modeling (P<0.01); compared with the model group, in the treatment group and the PT group, the behavioral scores were decreased 60-90 min and 90-120 min after modeling (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, in the model group, the serum level of β-EP was decreased (P<0.01), while the serum level of SP, the number of positive cells of IL-1β in brainstem and the expression of COX-2 protein were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the PT group and and the treatment group, the serum level of β-EP was increased (P<0.01), while the serum level of SP, the number of positive cells of IL-1β and the expression of COX-2 protein in brainstem were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the treatment group, in the PT group, the serum level of β-EP was increased and COX-2 protein expression was decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could effectively relieve migraine. The mechanism may be related to reduce the serum level of SP, IL-1β and COX-2 protein expression in brainstem, and increase the serum level of β-EP, and the optimal effect is observed in the PT group.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Moxibustion , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Cyclooxygenase 2 , beta-Endorphin , Substance P , Interleukin-1beta , Migraine Disorders , Brain Stem
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 781-786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981823

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for four patients suspected for Marfan syndrome (MFS).@*METHODS@#Four male patients with suspected MFS and their family members who were treated at West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University from September 12, 2019 to March 27, 2021 were selected as the study subjects. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the patients and their parents or other pedigree members for the extraction of genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out, and candidate variants were validated by Sanger sequencing. The pathogenicity of the variants was determined based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).@*RESULTS@#Genetic testing revealed that all four patients have harbored variants of the FBN1 gene, including c.430_433del (p.His144fs) deletional variant in exon 5, c.493C>T (p.Arg165*) nonsense variant in exon 6, c.5304_5306del (p.Asp1768del) deletional variant in exon 44 and c.5165C>G (p.Ser1722Cys) missense variant in exon 42. According to the ACMG guidelines, the c.430_433del and c.493C>T were classified as pathogenic variants (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4; PVS1+PS1+PS2+PM2_Supporting+PP4). c.5304_5306del and c.5165C>G were classified as likely pathogenic variants (PS2+PM2_Supporting+PM4+PP4; PS2_Moderate+PS1+PM1+PM2_Supporting).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.430_433del and c.5304_5306del variants of the FBN1 gene identified in this study were unreported previously. Above results have enriched the variation spectrum of the FBN1 gene and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of patients with MFS and acromicric dysplasia.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Male , Exons , China , Family , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Testing , Marfan Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Fibrillin-1/genetics
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2077-2085, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981339

ABSTRACT

Kaixin Powder is a classic prescription for invigorating Qi, nourishing the mind, and calming the mind. It has pharmacological effects of improving learning and memory ability, resisting oxidation, delaying aging, and promoting the differentiation and regeneration of nerve cells. It is mainly used in the modern clinical treatment of amnesia, depression, dementia, and other diseases. The present paper reviewed the research progress on the chemical composition and pharmacological action of Kaixin Powder, predicted and analyzed its quality markers(Q-markers) according to the concept of Chinese medicine Q-markers, including transmission and traceability, specificity, effectiveness, measurability, and compound compatibility environment. The results suggested that sibiricose A5, sibiricose A6, polygalaxanthone Ⅲ, 3',6-disinapoylsucrose, tenuifoliside A, ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, pachymic acid, β-asarone, and α-asarone could be used as Q-markers of Kaixin Powder. This study is expected to provide a scientific basis for establishing the quality control system and the whole process quality traceability system of Kaixin Powder compound preparations.


Subject(s)
Ginsenosides , Powders , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
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