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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 455-461, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the urodynamics quality in Southwest China, and find out the main issues of urodynamics quality in Southwest China and try to find out the improvement ways.Methods:In this study, a two-stage sampling method was used.In the first stage, 10 medical institutions in Southwest China were selected by cluster sampling from March to June, 2020.In the second stage, according to the development of UDS in Southwest China, the sample size estimation formula was adopted, and the loss of follow-up rate in reports extraction was considered, the initial sample size was 350. As the workload of UDS in the 10 medical institutions involved in the study was equivalent, 35 urodynamics traces from each medical institution were selected. The initial samples should also meet the inclusion criteria: ①patients with clear medical history and complete clinical data; ②UDS traces were clear; ③UDS system was water filled system; ④age>18, and 150 urodynamic traces were included in the final study. We evaluated the quality of enrolled urodynamics traces, and the quality evaluation standard according to the guidelines established by the International Continence Society (ICS). The evaluation conducted by two independent urologist with more than 10 years working experience. Artifacts were divided into non-technical artifacts: abnormal abdominal pressure changes, urine volume <150 ml when did the uroflow test, and technical artifacts: non-standard zero setting, fail to record all urodynamics parameters, baseline drift, catheter displacement, misjudgment of detrusor physiological contraction and detrusor overactive in voiding phase, misjudgment between detrusor overactive and bladder low compliance in filling phase.Results:non-technical artifacts: 32 cases were found abnormal abdominal pressure changes (21.3%), 21 cases (14.0%) were found when did the uroflow test the urine volume <150 ml, and technical artifacts: Non-standard zero setting in 28 cases (18.7%), fail to record all urodynamics parameters in 8 cases, baseline drift in 16 cases, catheter displacement in 9 cases and misjudgment of detrusor physiological contraction and detrusor overactive in voiding phase in 12 cases, misjudgment between detrusor overactive and bladder low compliance in filling phase in 24 cases (16.0%).Conclusions:At present, the urodynamics quality in Southwest China need to be improved. The main issues were that the operator didn’t obey the basic operation and quality control process, and the operator did not have enough basic knowledge of urodynamics. It can be improved by strictly carry out the operation standard of UDS, identifying and correcting artifacts in time, and promoting the standardized urodynamic training courses.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between the clinical diagnostic criteria of sleep bruxism and the frequency of mandibular movements during sleep.@*METHODS@#Video polysomnography was used to record 20 healthy adults with at least one of the following clinical symptoms and signs: 1) report of frequent tooth grinding; 2) tooth wear and dentin exposure with at least three occlusal surfaces; 3) masticatory muscle symptoms in the morning; 4) masseter muscle hypertrophy. The rhythmic masticatory muscle activity (RMMA) and isolated tonic activity were scored to compare the correlations with clinical symptoms and signs. Finally, the incidence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) was investigated in patients with isolated tonic and RMMA subjects.@*RESULTS@#Among the 20 subjects, RMMA events were observed (5.8±3.1) times·h⁻¹ and isolated tonic episodes were observed (2.1±0.9) times·h⁻¹. The frequency of RMMA events was significantly greater in the patients with acoustic molars than in those without (P<0.05). Similarly, the frequency of RMMA events was significantly greater in the patients with tooth attrition than in those without (P<0.05). However, no difference was observed between the occurrence of RMMA and the symptoms of masticatory muscles or masseter hypertrophy in the morning. The incidence of TMD was significantly higher in the patients with RMMA than in the isolated tonic patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical symptoms and signs often used to diagnose sleep bruxism are different clinical and physiological mandibular movements during sleep. RMMA during sleep can reflect the occurrence of tooth attrition and the high risk of TMD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Electromyography , Humans , Masticatory Muscles , Polysomnography , Sleep , Sleep Bruxism , Tooth Attrition
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826696

ABSTRACT

Both the twelve -well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are the commonly used first-aid points. These two kinds of acupoints are located closely and similar in function, hence, they are often confused in application. In order to explore the origin of their location and theory as well as their relationship, the relevant data were retrieved. It has been found that the relationship between -well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) is traced at the earliest time to (). It is believed that the -well points refer to the starting points or the ending points of the twelve regular meridians and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are located at the crossing sites of - related meridians of the regular meridians. These two kinds of acupoints are interconnected, share the same source and are also different from each other. Qiduan (EX-LE 12) is also named as foot-Shixuan. Shixuan (EX-UE 11) and Qiduan (EX-LE 12) can be regarded as the same category, just like -well points. In clinical practice, the -well points are generally selected in treatment of internal diseases, local diseases and those on the running course of meridians. They can be used separately in treatment. Shixuan (EX-UE 11) is the first option, or combined with Qiduan (EX-LE 12) in the emergent treatment of tense syndrome and syncope. The -well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are different even though sharing the same origin. They are mutually benefited and supplemented with each other in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Syndrome , Yin-Yang
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2292-2299, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802999

ABSTRACT

Background@#The dose and time point for switching from clopidogrel to ticagrelor remain controversial, especially for Chinese acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with complicated coronary artery disease (CAD). Hence, the purpose of this study was to further explore the optimal dose and time point for the switching strategy to balance the increase in platelet inhibition and the decrease in adverse events in Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#From July 2017 to December 2017, the prospective, randomized, open-label study (the SwitcHIng from clopidogrel to ticagrelor study) assigned the eligible Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by PCI (n = 102) for 90 mg of ticagrelor at 12 h (T-90 mg-12 h), 90 mg of ticagrelor at 24 h (T-90 mg-24h) or 180 mg ticagrelor at 24 h (T-180 mg-24 h) after the last dose of clopidogrel. The primary endpoint was the comparison of maximal platelet aggregation (MPA) values at 2 h after switching strategies among the three groups. In addition, the MPA values at baseline, 8 h and before discharge and the rates of high ontreatment platelet reactivity were evaluated, the incidences of bleeding episodes and dyspnea during hospitalization and at 30-day follow-up in our study were also recorded. The MPA was measured by light transmittance aggregometry in our study. A repeatedmeasures analysis of variance (ANOVA) model and one-way ANOVA were used to compare data for the primary endpoint.@*Results@#The MPA values were significantly decreased in the T-180 mg-24 h group compared with the T-90 mg-12 h group (P = 0.017) and decreased numerically compared with the T-90 mg-24 h group (P = 0.072) at 2 h. In particular, the MPA values were markedly reduced in the T-90 mg-24 h group compared with the T-90 mg-12 h group at 8 h after switching treatment (P = 0.002). There was no significant difference among the three groups in all bleedings and dyspnea events.@*Conclusions@#The optimal treatment strategy recommended in this study for Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by PCI is 180 or 90 mg of ticagrelor at 24 h after the last dose of clopidogrel. In addition, a negative interaction was detected in this study between the overlap for clopidogrel and ticagrelor at 12 h after the last dose of clopidogrel.@*Trial Registration@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03577652; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03577652.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1187-1190, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776190

ABSTRACT

Four controversial types of simplex reinforcing-reducing manipulation of acupuncture and their possible meanings were summarized to explore several key elements of reinforcing-reducing manipulation of acupuncture, in addition, the simplex reinforcing-reducing manipulation of acupuncture was classified by single factor. It is concluded that the definition of simplex reinforcing-reducing manipulation of acupuncture should try not to include other non-manipulative elements. According to single factor, it can be divided into: needle-oriented reinforcing-reducing manipulation, twisting reinforcing-reducing manipulation, lifting and interpolating reinforcing-reducing manipulation, fast and slow reinforcing-reducing manipulation, breathing reinforcing-reducing manipulation, opening and closing reinforcing-reducing manipulation. In addition, after considering the effect and principle of number reinforcing-reducing manipulation, it can be considered.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Humans , Meridians , Needles
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2292-2299, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774622

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The dose and time point for switching from clopidogrel to ticagrelor remain controversial, especially for Chinese acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with complicated coronary artery disease (CAD). Hence, the purpose of this study was to further explore the optimal dose and time point for the switching strategy to balance the increase in platelet inhibition and the decrease in adverse events in Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#From July 2017 to December 2017, the prospective, randomized, open-label study (the SwitcHIng from clopidogrel to ticagrelor study) assigned the eligible Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by PCI (n = 102) for 90 mg of ticagrelor at 12 h (T-90 mg-12 h), 90 mg of ticagrelor at 24 h (T-90 mg-24h) or 180 mg ticagrelor at 24 h (T-180 mg-24 h) after the last dose of clopidogrel. The primary endpoint was the comparison of maximal platelet aggregation (MPA) values at 2 h after switching strategies among the three groups. In addition, the MPA values at baseline, 8 h and before discharge and the rates of high on-treatment platelet reactivity were evaluated, the incidences of bleeding episodes and dyspnea during hospitalization and at 30-day follow-up in our study were also recorded. The MPA was measured by light transmittance aggregometry in our study. A repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) model and one-way ANOVA were used to compare data for the primary endpoint.@*RESULTS@#The MPA values were significantly decreased in the T-180 mg-24 h group compared with the T-90 mg-12 h group (P = 0.017) and decreased numerically compared with the T-90 mg-24 h group (P = 0.072) at 2 h. In particular, the MPA values were markedly reduced in the T-90 mg-24 h group compared with the T-90 mg-12 h group at 8 h after switching treatment (P = 0.002). There was no significant difference among the three groups in all bleedings and dyspnea events.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The optimal treatment strategy recommended in this study for Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by PCI is 180 or 90 mg of ticagrelor at 24 h after the last dose of clopidogrel. In addition, a negative interaction was detected in this study between the overlap for clopidogrel and ticagrelor at 12 h after the last dose of clopidogrel.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03577652; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03577652.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1354-1358, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791149

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of long-chain noncoding RNA brain cytoplasmic RNA 1 (BCYRN1) in serum of patients with non-small cell lung cancer.Methods 74 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) diagnosed and treated in our hospital were selected as the experimental group,and 50 healthy subjects were selected as the control group.The expression of BCYRN1 in serum of NSCLC and control group was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).The patients' clinical pathology data were collected and followed up.To analyze the relationship between the expression of serum BCYRN1 and clinicopathological parameters of NSCLC patients,and the relationship between BCYRN1 expression in the diagnosis and prediction of NSCLC prognosis.Results The relative expression of BCYRN1 in serum of NSCLC patients was 2.84 ± 0.95,which was significantly higher than that of healthy controls (1.16 ± 0.50) (P < 0.05).The level of serum BCYRN1 in patients with NSCLC with tumor size > 3 cm was significantly higher than that in patients with tumor size ≤3 cm (P < 0.05).The level of BCYRN1 in patients with tumor node metastasis (TNM) Ⅲ +Ⅳ was significantly higher than that in patients with stage Ⅰ + Ⅱ (P < 0.05).Patients with low differentiation and positive lymph node metastasis had higher serum BCYRN1 than those with moderate to high grade and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05).The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.847 (95% CI:0.772-0.922,P =0.000),and the sensitivity and specificity were 68.9% and 88.0%,respectively.The median progression free survival (PFS) (15 vs 21 months) and overall survival (OS) (19 vs 28 months) of patients with high and low expression of BCYRN1 were statistically significant (P < 0.05).High expression of BCYRN1 was an independent risk factor for overall survival in patients with NSCLC.Conclusions BCYRN1 is highly expressed in the serum of NSCLC patients,and high expression of BCYRN1 is closely related to the poor prognosis of patients with NSCLC.It can be used as a novel biomarker and diagnostic target for NSCLC.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to introduce the experience in treatment of acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI), saphenous vein graft(SVG), Chronic total occlusion(CTO),In-stent restenosis(ISR)and diffuse calcification lesions by excimer laser coronary atherectomy(ELCA). METHODS: Twenty-two patients were enrolled through our center from November 2016 to May 2017 and ELCA was performed on 22 lesions.The clinical and procedure endpoints were recorded. RESULTS: All the lesions were successfully crossed with laser catheterand and finally were performed by ELCA. Five cases(22.7%)with STEMI, ten cases(45.5%) with SVG lesions,five cases with ISR and other cases were CTO(4.5%) and Calcification(4.5%) lesions.Seventeen patients underwent balloon dilatation and successful implantation of drug-eluting stents(DES) and one patients was treated with drug-eluting balloon(DEB).the procedual and clinical success rates were 100%. At 6.6±2.7 months follow-up, there were no major adverse cardiac events(MACEs) and ELCA relatedcomplications recorded. Conclution This limited evdiences showed that treatment of complex coronary lesions by excimer laser coronary atherectomy may be a Safe and effective choice.It can be further popularized in complex coronary artery disease.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1354-1358, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798099

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of long-chain non-coding RNA brain cytoplasmic RNA 1 (BCYRN1) in serum of patients with non-small cell lung cancer.@*Methods@#74 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) diagnosed and treated in our hospital were selected as the experimental group, and 50 healthy subjects were selected as the control group. The expression of BCYRN1 in serum of NSCLC and control group was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The patients′ clinical pathology data were collected and followed up. To analyze the relationship between the expression of serum BCYRN1 and clinicopathological parameters of NSCLC patients, and the relationship between BCYRN1 expression in the diagnosis and prediction of NSCLC prognosis.@*Results@#The relative expression of BCYRN1 in serum of NSCLC patients was 2.84±0.95, which was significantly higher than that of healthy controls (1.16±0.50) (P<0.05). The level of serum BCYRN1 in patients with NSCLC with tumor size >3 cm was significantly higher than that in patients with tumor size ≤3 cm (P<0.05). The level of BCYRN1 in patients with tumor node metastasis (TNM) Ⅲ+ Ⅳ was significantly higher than that in patients with stage Ⅰ+ Ⅱ (P<0.05). Patients with low differentiation and positive lymph node metastasis had higher serum BCYRN1 than those with moderate to high grade and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.847 (95% CI: 0.772-0.922, P=0.000), and the sensitivity and specificity were 68.9% and 88.0%, respectively. The median progression free survival (PFS) (15 vs 21 months) and overall survival (OS) (19 vs 28 months) of patients with high and low expression of BCYRN1 were statistically significant (P<0.05). High expression of BCYRN1 was an independent risk factor for overall survival in patients with NSCLC.@*Conclusions@#BCYRN1 is highly expressed in the serum of NSCLC patients, and high expression of BCYRN1 is closely related to the poor prognosis of patients with NSCLC. It can be used as a novel biomarker and diagnostic target for NSCLC.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744557

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics in clinical, angiographic and percutaneous intervention (PCI) aspects of patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) across different age groups, especially in young patients. Methods This study retrospectively analyzed 195 cases of CTO lesions admitted to the Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from 2009 to 2014. These 1951 patients with CTO had undergone PCI and were divided into the young CTO group (≤44 years), the middle-aged CTO group (45-59 years) and the senior CTO group (≥60 years) according to their age. All patients had objective evidence of angina pectoris or myocardial ischemia before PCI. All the clinical features, coronary angiographic results, PCI related data and hospitalization outcome were all derived from our hospital PCI archives. Results There were significant differences in male ratio, body mass index, smoking and, drinking habit, creatinine clearance, triglyceride and LDL levels across the three groups (all P<0.05), and the highest values were found in the young patient group. The prevalence of unstable angina pectoris, hypertension and stroke were lowest in the young patient group (all P<0.05). The number of stenotic vessels and CTO occlusion time were less in young patients (all P <0.05). There was no significant difference among the three groups in CTO vascular distribution, coronary collateral Rentrop degree, CTO lesion length, CTO lesion diameter and CTO lesion characteristics (blunt CTO, CTO with bridging collateral and proximal branch of CTO lesion). There were no significant differences among the three groups in the volume of contrast agent used, CTO operation time, average stent number and average stent length (P>0.05). The procedural success rate of target vessels, races complete revascularization and mean stent diameter were highest in the young patient group (P<0.001).Conclusions Young CTO patients had typical risk factors of coronary heart disease with higher PCI success rate to target vessels and complete revascularization rate, which may be related to the short history of CTO.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702329

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the infl uence of iodixanol on Chinese patients who had chronic kidney disease(CKD) and received percutaneous coronary intervention complicated with major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) and contrast-induced acute kidney injury(CIAKI). Methods From 30th October 2013 to 7th October 2015, 3042 patients were enrolled in 30 centers in China. Patients were monitored in the hospital for 3 days and followed-up at 1 month. Patients were divided into chronic kidney disease group(n=105)and non chronic kidney disease group (n=2937) according to whether the patient has chronic nephropathy or not.The primary end point was the incidence rate of MACCE (re-revascularization of target lesions, stroke, stent thrombosis,cardiac death and myocardial infarction) and CIAKI in hospital 72 hours after PCI. The secondary end point was the incidence rate from 72 hours to 30 days post-PCI. Resuits (1)There were obvious differences between the two groups in baseline demographic date including age,BMI,comorbidities of hypertension,congestive heart failure, dyslipidemia,diabetes mellitus,peptic ulcer,ischemic stroke,previous use of antihypertensive drugs, diuretics,lipid-regulating drugs,hypoglycemic drugs,antiplatelet drugs and anticoagulants(all P<0.05).(2) There were obvious differences the CKD and non-CKD groups in perioperative date including operative route,preoperative hydration volume,postoperative hydration volume,total hydration volume,degree of postoporation lesion stenosis, contrast media used and machine injection rate(all P<0.05).(3)There were signifi cant diff erences between the two groups in the percentage of prescription of β-blocker,lipid-regulating drugs and antiplatelet drugs after PCI(all P<0.05).(4)There was not statistical diff erences between two groups in MACCE incidence in hospital and from 72 hours to 30 days post-PCI(P>0.05). (5)There was not statistical diff erences between two the groups in CIAKI incidence in hospital (P>0.05). Conclusions Iodixanol had no signifi cant eff ect on the incidence of MACCE and CIAKI in Chinese chronic kidney disease patients and non-CKD patients who received PCI.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1412-1419, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688103

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Very few data have been reported for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) caused by unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) occlusion, and very little is known about the results of this subgroup of patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to determine the clinical features and outcomes of patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI for acute ULMCA occlusion.</p><p><b>Methods</b>From January 2000 to February 2014, 372 patients with STEMI caused by ULMCA acute occlusion (ULMCA-STEMI) who underwent primary PCI at one of two centers were enrolled. The 230 patients with non-ST-segment elevation MI (NSTEMI) caused by ULMCA lesion (ULMCA-NSTEMI) who underwent emergency PCI were designated the control group. The main indexes were the major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in-hospital, at 1 month, and at 1 year.</p><p><b>Results</b>Compared to the NSTEMI patients, the patients with STEMI had significantly higher rates of Killip class≥III (21.2% vs. 3.5%, χ = 36.253, P < 0.001) and cardiac arrest (8.3% vs. 3.5%, χ = 5.529, P = 0.019). For both groups, the proportions of one-year cardiac death in the patients with a post-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade<3 were significantly higher than those in the patients with a TIMI flow grade of 3 (STEMI group: 51.7% [15/29] vs. 4.1% [14/343], P < 0.001; NSTEMI group: 33.3% [3/9] vs. 13.6% [3/221], P = 0.001; respectively]. Landmark analysis showed that the patients in STEMI group were associated with higher risks of MACE (16.7% vs. 9.1%, P = 0.009) and cardiac death (5.4% vs. 1.3%, P = 0.011) compared with NSTEMI patients at 1 month. Meanwhile, in patients with ULMCA, the landmark analysis for incidences of MACE and cardiac death was similar between the STEMI and NSTEMI (all P = 0.72) in the intervals of 1-12 months. However, patients who were diagnosed with STEMI or NSTEMI had no significant difference in reinfarction (all P > 0.05) and TVR (all P > 0.05) in the intervals of 0-1 month as well as 1 month to 1 year. The results of Cox regression analysis showed that the differences in the independent predictors for MACE included the variables of Killip class ≥ III and intra-aortic balloon pump support for the STEMI patients and the variables of previous MI, ULMCA distal bifurcation, and 2-stent for distal ULMCA lesions for the NSTEMI patients.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Compared to the NSTEMI patients, the patients with STEMI and ULMCA lesions still remain at a much higher risk for adverse events at 1 year, especially on 1 month. If a successful PCI procedure is performed, the 1-year outcomes in those patients might improve.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Occlusion , Pathology , General Surgery , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , General Surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1420-1429, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688102

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Females with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have higher in-hospital and short-term mortality rates compared with males in China, suggesting that a sex disparity exists. The age of onset of STEMI is ahead of time and tends to be younger. However, there are relatively little data on the significance of sex on prognosis for long-term outcomes for adult patients with STEMI after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in China. This study sought to analyze the sex differences in 30-day, 1-year, and long-term net adverse clinical events (NACEs) in Chinese adult patients with STEMI after PCI.</p><p><b>Methods</b>This study retrospectively analyzed 1920 consecutive STEMI patients (age ≤60 years) treated with PCI from January 01, 2006, to December 31, 2012. A propensity score analysis between males and females was performed to adjust for differences in baseline characteristics and comorbidities. The primary endpoint was the incidence of 3-year NACE. Survival curves were constructed with Kaplan-Meier estimates and compared by log-rank tests between the two groups. Multivariate analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazards model for 3-year NACE.</p><p><b>Results</b>Compared with males, females had higher risk profiles associated with old age, longer prehospital delay at the onset of STEMI, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and chronic kidney disease, and a higher Killip class (≥3), with more multivessel diseases (P < 0.05). The female group had a higher levels of low-density lipoprotein (2.72 [2.27, 3.29] vs. 2.53 [2.12, 3.00], P < 0.001), high-density lipoprotein (1.43 [1.23, 1.71] vs. 1.36 [1.11, 1.63], P = 0.003), total cholesterol (4.98 ± 1.10 vs. 4.70 ± 1.15, t = -3.508, P < 0.001), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (103.12 ± 22.22 vs. 87.55 ± 18.03, t = -11.834, P < 0.001) than the male group. In the propensity-matched analysis, being female was associated with a higher risk for 3-year NACE and major adverse cardiac or cerebral events compared with males. In the multivariate model, female gender (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.557, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.415-4.620, P = 0.002), hypertension (HR: 2.017, 95% CI: 1.138-3.576, P = 0.016), and family history of coronary heart disease (HR: 2.256, 95% CI: 1.115-4.566, P = 0.024) were independent risk factors for NACE. The number of stents (HR: 0.625, 95% CI: 0.437-0.894, P = 0.010) was independent protective factors of NACE.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Females with STEMI undergoing PCI have a significantly higher risk for 3-year NACE compared with males in this population. Sex differences appear to be a risk factor and present diagnostic challenges for clinicians.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , China , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , General Surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , General Surgery , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1435, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688101

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The prevalence, presentation, management, and prognosis of coronary heart disease differ according to sex. Greater understanding on the differences between men and women with acute aortic dissection (AAD) is needed. We aimed to investigate whether sex disparities are found in patients with AAD, and to study sex differences in complications, mortality in-hospital, and long-term.</p><p><b>Methods</b>We included 884 patients enrolled in our institute between June 2002 and May 2016. Considering psychosocial factors, treatments, and the outcomes in men versus those in women with AAD, we explored the association of sex with psychosocial characteristics and mortality risk. For categorical variables, significant differences between groups were assessed with the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, and continuous parameters were assessed with Student's t-test. Univariate and stratified survival statistics were computed using Kaplan-Meier analysis.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 884 patients (76.1% male, mean age 51.4 ± 11.8 years) were included in this study. There were fewer current smokers in female compared with male (17.5% vs. 67.2%, χ = 160.06, P < 0.05). The percentage of men who reported regular alcohol consumption was significantly higher than that in women (40.6% vs. 3.8%, χ = 100.18, P < 0.05). About 6.2% (55 of 884) of patients with AAD died before vascular or endovascular surgery was performed, 34.4% (304 of 884) of patients underwent surgical procedures, and 52.7% (466 of 884) and 12.8% (113 of 884) of patients received endovascular treatment and medication. Postoperative mortality similar (6.0% vs. 5.6%, respectively, χ = 0.03, P = 0.91) between men and women. Follow-up was completed in 653 of 829 patients (78.8%). Adjustment for age, history of coronary disease, hypertension, smoking and drinking, Type A and use of beta-blocker, angiotensin II receptor blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, calcium-channel blockers and statins by multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that age (odds ratios [OR s], 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.07; P < 0.05), using of calcium-channel blockers (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.18-0.74; P < 0.05), at discharge were independent predictors of late mortality, ACE inhibitors (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.03-3.54; P = 0.04) was independent risk factor of late mortality.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>In Chinese with AAD, sex is not independently associated with long-term clinical outcomes. Age, the intake of calcium-channel blockers at discharge might help to improve long-term outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aneurysm, Dissecting , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Calcium Channel Blockers , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692291

ABSTRACT

Fourier transform mid-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) method was used to analyze the soil organic matter (SOM) composition of a black soil under different management types. Spectral subtraction method was used for eliminating the interference of soil mineral to the absorption peak. Peaks at 2920,2850,1630 and 1420 cm-1were selected as a range of organic functional groups, and relative areas of these peaks were calculated by integral method. The correlation between peak areas and the content of SOM fractions were analyzed. Positive correlations between carbon (C) in fractions representing labile SOM (water-soluble organic carbon,hot water-soluble organic carbon, free light fraction carbon, occluded light fraction carbon) and the peak area at 2920 cm-1in the bulk soil indicated that this aliphatic peak corresponded to the more labile C compounds. Negative correlations between the same fractions and the area of the predominantly aromatic peak at 1630 cm-1in the bulk soil suggested a relationship with more stable SOM compounds. The ratio of the peaks at 1630 and 2920 cm-1was positively correlated with the ratio of stable C(heavy fraction) to labile C (light fraction) and thus taken as an indicator of SOM stability. This method was convenient, low cost and less sample usage,and could be used to analyze the organic carbon composition of soils which has the same mineral composition.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 508-515, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342004

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>High platelet reactivity (HPR) during clopidogrel treatment predicts postpercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ischemic events strongly and independently. Tongxinluo capsules (TCs) are a traditional Chinese medicine formulation used as antiplatelet treatment. However, its efficacy against HPR is not known. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of TCs in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with HPR.</p><p><b>Methods</b>This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study prospectively analyzed 136 ACS patients with HPR who underwent PCI. The patients were enrolled from November 2013 to May 2014 and randomized to receive placebo or TCs in addition to standard dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and clopidogrel. The primary end points were the prevalence of HPR at 30 days and the mean change in P2Yreaction units (PRUs) between baseline and 30 days. Survival curves were constructed with Kaplan-Meier estimates and compared by log-rank tests between the two groups.</p><p><b>Results</b>Both groups had a significantly reduced prevalence of HPR at 30 days versus baseline, but the TC group, compared with the placebo group, had greater reduction (15.8% vs. 24.8%, P = 0.013), especially among patients with one cytochrome P450 2C19 loss of function (LOF) allele (χ= 2.931, P = 0.047). The TC group also had a lower prevalence of HPR (33.3% vs. 54.2%, t = 5.284, P = 0.022) and superior performance in light transmittance aggregometry and higher levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), but the composite prevalence of ischemic events did not differ significantly (χ= 1.587, P = 0.208).</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>In addition to standard DAPT with aspirin and clopidogrel, TCs further reduce PRU and hsCRP levels, especially in patients carrying only one LOF allele. The data suggest that TCs could be used in combination therapy for ACS patients with HPR undergoing PCI.</p>

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Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 1097-1100, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667518

ABSTRACT

With the continuous increase in the incidence of diabetes mellitus in the world,the ocular complications are getting more and more attention.Diabetes mellitus can cause several complications,including diabetic retinopathy and diabetic cataract,as well as changes in the structure and micro-environment of ocular surface,which can further affect the composition and quality of tear fluid,even the stability of tear film.This review will provide a brief overview of ocular surface changes caused by diabetes mellitus,relevant detection methods and affecting factors.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665524

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of new strategy in the transmission control of schistosomiasis in Poyang Lake re-gion. Methods The information and epidemic data of schistosomiasis control were collected and analyzed in Poyang Lake re-gion from 2005 to 2016. Results After eleven years of carrying out the new strategy,thirteen counties achieved the objective of transmission control in Poyang Lake region. In 2016,the number of schistosomiasis cases and human infection rate were 10301 and 0.03%,decreased by 89.64%and 99.45%compared with those in 2005,respectively. The number of cattle and schistosome-infected cattle were 68152 and 5,decreased by 50.84%and 99.83%compared with those in 2005,respectively. The average density of Oncomelania hupensis snails was decreased by 61.52%. No schistosome-infected snails were found since 2014. Con-clusion The new strategy accurately locates the key points and targets of schistosomiasis transmission chain ,which has con-trolled the human and animal's fecal eggs from polluting grassland,and cut off the transmission chain,reduced both the infec-tion rates of human and animal and the re-infection risk,and promoted to achieve the target of schistosomiasis transmission con-trol in Poyang Lake region.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665516

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status and trends of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Jiangxi Province from 1989 to 2014,so as to provide the evidence for generating the strategy of soil-transmitted nematode prevention and control. Methods The data of three epidemiological surveys on human parasitic diseases(in 1989,2002 and 2014)were classified and analyzed. The stool examination by Kato-Katz's thick smear method was adopted for the investigation of soil-transmitted nematode infec-tions. Results The total infection rate of soil-transmitted nematodes decreased by 91.89%from 77.67%in 1989 to 6.30%in 2014,in which the infection rate of Ascaris lumbricoides decreased by 98.78%from 71.11%to 0.87%,the infection rate of Trich-uris trichiura decreased by 96.80%from 29.67%to 0.95%,and the infection rate of hookworm declined by 73.57%from 17.63%to 4.66%. The infection rates of soil-transmitted nematodes in the female were higher than those in the male in three surveys. In different ecological districts,the infection rates of soil-transmitted nematodes in the female were also higher than those in the male,except in Zhe-Min Ecological District in 2002 and 2014. A declined trend of the infection was showed in all age-groups in the three surveys,but it slowed down by the growth of age,i.e.,the reduction rate was 97.03%in the age group of<10 years while 80.62%in the age group of>70 years. In 2014,the number of persons infected with soil-transmitted nematodes occupied 65.4%of the whole number of persons infected with intestinal parasites. Conclusions The mean infection rates of soil-transmit-ted nematodes decrease obviously in human population in different ecological districts,but the soil-transmitted nematodes are still the main species in intestinal parasite infections. The sequence of dominant species changes from A. lumbricoides,hook-worm and T. trichiura in 1989 to hookworm,T. trichiura and A. lumbricoides in 2014. The rural female and elder people are the key population,while hookworm is the key species for the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematodes.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665319

ABSTRACT

Objective·To compare the caries prevalence, unmet restoration needs and sealant prevalence between Shanghai 12-year-old native and migrant students from 2013 to 2015. Methods·From 2013 to 2015, a random cluster sample of 12-year-old native and migrant students was selected from each district in Shanghai. World Health Organization (WHO) indices were used to assess decayed-missing-filled teeth of permanent dentition (DMFT). The prevalence of caries and sealants, caries filling rate, unmet dental restoration needs and the value of DMFT were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test and chi-squared test. Results·A total of 2500 students were examined from 2013 to 2015, among which 36.8% were migrants. There was no significant difference in caries prevalence and DMFT value between native and migrant students from 2013 to 2015. Sealant prevalence of migrants was significantly lower than that of natives in 2013 (0.8% vs 6.6%) and 2015 (3.0% vs 9.9%). Unmet restoration needs of migrants were significantly higher than those of natives in 2015 (60.5% vs 46.4%). Conclusion·There was no significant difference in caries prevalence between 12-year-old native and migrant students in Shanghai from 2013 to 2015. But there were lower sealants and higher unmet restoration needs in 12-year-old migrant students than their native counterparts, even though free public dental health services were available to both groups.

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