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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 87-91, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862271

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investiga te the clinical efficacy and safety of donepezil monotherapy versus donepezil combined with memoriam in the treatment of Alzheimer ’s disease (AD). METHODS :Totally 100 patients with moderate and severe AD who received medical care in Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People ’s Hospital (East Hospital )from March 2018 to March 2020 were enrolled as study subjects ,and then were divided into control group and treatment group randomly. Control group was given donepezil monotherapy treatment (initial dose of 5 mg/d,before bedtime ;after 4 weeks,the dose was changed to 10 mg/d before bedtime ;the total medication time was 6 months). Treatment group was treated with memantine(initial dose was 5 mg/d,the dose of those without adverse reactions was increased by 5 mg until 20 mg/d,for 6 months)on the basis of the control group ,with 50 patients in each group. Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA)score, MMSE score ,ADL score ,treatment response rate and the occurrence of ADR were compared between 2 groups before and after treatment. RESULTS :Compared with same group before treatment ,MoCA score ,MMSE score and ADL score of the two groups were significantly improved after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment ,compared with control group ,MoCA score ,MMSE score , ADL score and total response rate in the treatment group were significantly increased (P<0.05),while the incidence of ADR was decreased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :Donepezil combined with memantine has better clinical efficacy than donepezil monotherapy in the treatment of moderate and severe AD ,and is helpful to improve the neurological function of AD patients,with good safety.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 459-470, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884734

ABSTRACT

The simulator testing in vitro and computational simulation of the artificial knee joint wear are important methods to evaluate the wear performance of the prosthesis in vitro and to predict the clinical performance of knee joint products. Based on the method of literature search, this paper compares the mechanical and kinematic loading input curves carried out by Chinese scholars in recent years, standard curves, and Chinese measurement curves of two typical movements of gait. Data of vitro simulator test and computational simulation model are compared, summarized, and analyzed. The results show that the measured data of motion and load cannot be directly used as the loading conditions for the simulator wear test and computational simulation. The mechanics and kinematics data of Chinese people are different from the international standards. The domestic artificial knee joint in vitro simulator wear test methods are similar but the results of different test institutions are somewhat different. The computation wear prediction research is basically synchronized with foreign countries, but the problem that the calculated wear results are lower than that in vitro test is still unsolved. The artificial knee joint wear performance evaluation system based on Chinese knee joint mechanics and kinematics data is the forward direction of the research.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 361-367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884400

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of dermatomyositis (DM) patients with positive anti-melanoma differentiation associated gene 5(MDA5) antibody with rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RPILD).Methods:The clinical data of 88 DM patients from June 2019 to June 2020, at the rheumatology department of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were collected and retrospectively analyzed. T-test, non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-squared test, Fisher exact probability and Logistics regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:① 37%(36/88) DM patients were positive for anti-MDA5 antibody. The frequency of ulcerative rash, Gottron's sign, arthritis, clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was significantly higher in patients with anti-MDA5 antibody ( P<0.05). The cell count of white blood cell, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and serum creatine kinase (CK) level were significantly lower in the anti-MDA5 antibody positive group than those in the negative group ( P<0.05). Of anti-MDA5 antibody positive DM patients, 100% developed ILD, 34% (11/32)developed RP-ILD, 16%(5/32) died, which were significantly higher than those of anti-MDA5 antibody negative patients ( P<0.05). ② Of anti-MDA5 antibody positive DM patients, the C reactive protein (CRP) level, positive rate of anti-Ro-52 antibody and mortality rate were significantly higher RPILD group than those in the non-RPILD group [15.70(4.49, 29.00) vs 3.22 (1.66, 7.15), Z=-2.440, P=0.014; 91% vs 43%, P=0.011; 46% vs 0, P=0.002]. Logistics regression analysis indicated that positive anti-Ro-52 antibody [ OR=4.561, 95% CI (1.797, 11.580), P=0.001] might be a risk factor for anti-MDA5 antibody positive DM-RPILD. ③ Among patients with anti-MDA5 antibody with RPILD, serum ferritin and D-dimer level was significantly higher and oxygenation index was significantly lower in the non-survival group than those in the survival group [1 931 (1 377, 7 379) vs 638(196, 876), Z=-2.556, P=0.009; 2 760(1 995, 4 854) vs 985(533, 1 588), Z=-2.379, P=0.017; 230(140, 256) vs 309(262, 382), Z=2.191, P=0.030]. In addition, the delayed intensive treatment time was significantly longer in the non-survival group than those in the survival group [(14.0±2.6) vs (4.5±1.4), t=7.899, P<0.01]. Furthermore, the proportion of combined therapy with two disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARDs) was significantly lower in the non-survival group than those in the survival group (0 vs 83%, P=0.015). Conclusion:Anti-MDA5 antibody may be associ-ated with characteristic clinical manifestations of DM, ILD, RPILD and high mortality rate. Positive anti-Ro-52 antibody may be a risk factor for anti-MDA5 antibody positive DM-RPILD. High serum ferritin and D-dimer level and low oxygenation index in RPILD patients may be associated with poor prognosis. Early treatment with two DMARDs may improve the prognosis of RPILD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880182

ABSTRACT

Acute intestinal graft-versus-host disease is a refractory disease which can affect implantation and become a threat to life in severe cases. Autophagy is an intracellular degradation pathway necessary for maintaining cellular energy homeostasis. In recent years, a large number of studies have found that it is closely related to the pathogenesis and process of acute intestinal graft-versus-host disease. The main mechanisms may involve that inflammatory factor storm after pretreatment and infusion of donor cells induces disordered intestinal immune tolerance, and abnormal oxidative stress damages intestinal mucosal barrier, leading to intestinal rejection of acute graft-versus-host disease via mTOR signal pathway of autophagy, disordered mitophagy and other related pathways.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Graft vs Host Disease , Humans , Immune Tolerance , Oxidative Stress , Signal Transduction
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 532-538, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878061

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Models to predict mortality in trauma play an important role in outcome prediction and severity adjustment, which informs trauma quality assessment and research. Hospitals in China typically use the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) to describe injury. However, there is no suitable prediction model for China. This study attempts to develop a new mortality prediction model based on the ICD-10-CM lexicon and a Chinese database.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study extracted the data of all trauma patients admitted to the Beijing Red Cross Emergency Center, from January 2012 to July 2018 (n = 40,205). We used relevant predictive variables to establish a prediction model following logistic regression analysis. The performance of the model was assessed based on discrimination and calibration. The bootstrapping method was used for internal validation and adjustment of model performance.@*RESULTS@#Sex, age, new region-severity codes, comorbidities, traumatic shock, and coma were finally included in the new model as key predictors of mortality. Among them, coma and traumatic shock had the highest scores in the model. The discrimination and calibration of this model were significant, and the internal validation performance was good. The values of the area under the curve and Brier score for the new model were 0.9640 and 0.0177, respectively; after adjustment of the bootstrapping method, they were 0.9630 and 0.0178, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The new model (China Mortality Prediction Model in Trauma based on the ICD-10-CM lexicon) showed great discrimination and calibration, and performed well in internal validation; it should be further verified externally.


Subject(s)
Beijing , China , Humans , International Classification of Diseases , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Wounds and Injuries
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879118

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is an important feature of cancer treatment in China. The methods to tap the advantages of TCM, reasonably evaluate and accurately apply Chinese patent medicines have become current research hotspots and difficulties. TCM takes syndrome differentiation and treatment as the core, with the characteristics of overall regulation and multi-targets efficacy. Therefore, the post-marketing survival benefit evaluation of Chinese patent medicines for cancer is different from that in modern medicine. The primary treatment goals in cancer patients include to improve the disease control rate and prolong their survival time. At present, Chinese patent medicines for cancer patients are lacking indepth studies on survival benefit at the post-marketing stage. In addition, the characteristics of individualized treatment with TCM have also increased the complexity of clinical research on TCM. Therefore, it is of certain practical significance and necessity to evaluate the survival benefit of Chinese patent medicines for cancer after marketing. Based on this, in this paper, we first summarized the technical methodological means of survival benefit evaluation at this stage, and then explored the post-marketing survival benefit evaluation of Chinese patent medicines for cancer from three aspects: the evaluation of cancer treatment effect based on survival time and quality of life, treatment-related toxicity and the auxiliary effect of TCM, and the improvement effect for tumor-related symptoms. Based on the practices of early clinical researches, and according to the insufficient efficacy evaluation of current clinical research on Chinese patent medicines, this paper proposed to improve the evaluation system for clinical researches on Chinese patent medicines, establish the evaluation method with TCM characteristics, clarify the dominant population, lay a theoretical foundation for the evaluation of post-marketing survival benefits of Chinese patent medicines for cancer in the future, and promote the modernization process of TCM.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Marketing , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Quality of Life
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878999

ABSTRACT

Schisandrae has a long history of medicinal use in China. Domestic and foreign scholars have isolated a variety of chemical constituents from Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, including lignans, volatile oils, polysaccharides, triterpenoids, organic acids, amino acids and so on. Pharmacological studies have shown that their alcohol extracts, water extracts, lignan monomers and polysaccharides could protect liver injury and reduce enzyme ability by a variety of hepatoprotective effects such as enzyme reducing, liver protecting, and antioxidant effect. In this paper, the researches on the chemical composition, hepatoprotective effect and pharmacokinetics of Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus in the past forty years were systematically collated, in order to provide useful enlightenment for the clinical application and new drug development of Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus in liver protection.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Lignans/pharmacology , Schisandra
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818374

ABSTRACT

Objective By now, there is no unified definition of aspiration pneumonia. However, patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) often have aspiration risk factors. The aims of our study is to explore the clinical characteristics and outcomes of CAP patients with aspiration risk factors. Methods Cases data of all patients hospitalized with CAP in 5 teaching hospitals in Beijing, Shandong Province and Yunnan Province from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 were collected. Data from patients with (AR-CAP) and without (non AR-CAP) aspiration risk factors were compared, including demographic features, clinical and radiologic findings and outcomes. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to determine the impact of aspiration risk factors on the 30-day mortality in CAP patients. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROCs) was performed to verify the accuracy of CURB-65 score and PSI risk classification as 30-day mortality predictors in AR-CAP patients. Results Totally, 3561 CAP cases were entered into the final analysis. AR-CAP cases accounted for 5.1% (180/3561), who showed older age [78.0 yrs (M1,M3: 70.0 yrs, 85.0 yrs) vs 63.0 yrs (M1,M3: 52.0 yrs, 77.0 yrs), P < 0.001), more underlying diseases (91.1% vs 71.3%, P < 0.001), more frequently classified as CURB-65 score ≥ 3 (13.3% vs 1.5%, P < 0.001) and PSI risk classification ≥ Ⅳ (53.7% vs 17.0%,P< 0.001), and higher 30-day mortality (10.0% vs 1.8%, P < 0.001). Adjusted for age, sex, comorbidities and CURB-65/PSI score, aspiration risk factors were associated with increased 30-day mortality of CAP patients (HR 2.844, 95% CI 1.331~6.078, P = 0.007). The area under the ROC curve for predicting 30-day mortality in AR-CAP patients by PSI risk class was 0.716, which was higher than CURB-65 score (AUC=0.518, P = 0.019). The difference was statistically significant. Conclusion AR-CAP is a distinctive pneumonia phenotype with unique clinical characteristics, which shows more illness severity and worsen outcomes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781463

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression characteristics and clinical value of OTC4 gene in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#Sixty-five patients with MDS were selected from June 2017 to April 2018, and 39 healthy subjects were selected as control group. Mononuclear cells were isolated from bone marrow collected by aseptic puncture. The OTC4 gene level of MDS patients was detected by RT-PCR, and the OTC4 protein of MDS patients was detected by Western blot. The survival curve of MDS patients was drawn by Kaplan-Meier. Cox multivariate analysis was used to analyze the independent prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#The relative expression level of OTC4 gene in MDS patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Western blot showed that the expression level of OTC4 protein in MDS patients was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). OTC4 gene expression level closely related with the leukocyte count, and the level of hemoglobin, and lactate dehydrogenase and platelet count in MDS patients (P<0.05). CR rate of MDS patients with low OTC4 gene expression was 54.8%, which was higher than that of high OTC4 gene expression group (P<0.05), while HI, SD and PD rates of MDS patients with low OTC4 gene expression were 9.7%, 12.9% and 6.5% respectively, which were lower than those of high OTC4 gene expression group (P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that OS and DFS in patients with low OTC4 gene expression were superior to those with high OTC4 gene expression (P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that leukocyte count and OTC4 gene were independent influencing factors for OS (P<0.05), platelet level and OTC4 gene expression were independent influencing factors for DFS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#OTC4 gene closely relates with the severity of MDS. The patients with lower expression of OTC4 gene have better prognosis, the detection of OTC4 gene has higher clinical value for evaluating the prognosis of MDS patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869211

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of different sphere volumes, target background ratio (T/B) and post-processing correction techniques on the quantitative results of 99Tc m SPECT/CT. Methods:Six spheres with different diameters (37, 28, 22, 17, 13, 10 mm) in National Electrical Manufacturers Association International Electrotechnical Commission (NEMA IEC) models were filled with a mixture of 0.54 MBq/ml 99Tc m and iodixanol. The mixture iodine content was about 0.3%(135 mg), which led to different T/B (32∶1, 16∶1, 8∶1, 4∶1) by changing the radioactivity concentration of the cylinder. Routine imaging was performed on different T/B phantoms which were scanned by SPECT/CT. The CT threshold method was used for the delineation of volume of interest (VOI). Then the same processing correction technique and ordered-subsets expectation maximization (OSEM) parameters were used to calculate the radioactivity concentrations of different spheres, and further compared with the true values, and the accuracies were calculated. Pearson correlation analysis was applied to evaluate the relationships between sphere volume, T/B and quantitative results. The sphere with T/B of 32∶1 and diameter of 37 mm were processed by 3 correction techniques (CT attenuation correction (CTAC)+ scatter correction (SC)+ resolution recovery (RR); CTAC+ SC; CTAC+ RR). One-way analysis of variance and the least significant difference t test were used to analyzed the effects of 3 correction techniques on the quantitative results and image contrasts. Results:There were significant relationships between the sphere volumes, T/B and the quantitative accuracy ( r values: 0.757, 0.409, both P<0.05). There were significant differences of 3 correction techniques on the quantitative results and image contrast ( F values: 139.665 and 38.905, both P<0.001). Among them, the quantitative error of CTAC+ SC+ RR was lower than that of CTAC+ SC ((9.63±8.82)% vs (38.89±2.17)%; P<0.001), and similar to that of CTAC+ RR ((8.70±6.64)%; P>0.05). The quantitative error of CTAC+ RR was lower than that of CTAC+ SC ( P<0.001). The image contrast of CTAC+ SC+ RR was higher than that of CTAC+ SC ((93.45±0.91)% vs (92.41±0.25)%; P<0.001) and the image contrast of CTAC+ SC was higher than that of CTAC+ RR ((91.37±0.87)%; P<0.001). Conclusions:The larger sphere volume and the higher T/B, the more quantitative accuracy. The volume has a more significant effect on quantitative accuracy than T/B. Choosing the appropriate correction technique is helpful to quantitative accuracy improvement. It is suggested to use CTAC+ SC+ RR in quantitative processing.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 344-352, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To repair the articular cartilage defects of animal models with cartilage tissue block made by multi-nozzle three-dimensional bio-printer and observe its effect.Methods:Bio-ink was made by adding silk fibroin, polyethylene glycol and bone mesenchymal stem cells into extracellular matrix (ECM) solution. Rheological properties of biological ink were evaluated by rheometer, the protein secondary structure of biological ink was identified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and a tissue engineering scaffold with thickness of 2mm and diameter of 6mm was printed by using a pressure sprinkler loaded with cartilage biological ink. The compression modulus of tissue engineering scaffold was measured by tension machine. The degradation rate of each scaffold was evaluated by dry weight loss method, and the viability and proliferation of cells on the scaffold were evaluated by CCK-8 and live&dead cell staining. The differentiation of cellular cartilage on the scaffold was evaluated by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The scaffold was embedded into the defect area of animal articular cartilage to repair articular cartilage defect according to the principle of autogenous cartilage transplantation. The effect of cartilage repair after 3 months was evaluated by histological staining and biochemical detection.Results:We found that all biological inks showed the flow characteristics of shear thinning. The absorption peak of biological ink amide I region containing silk fibroin moved to 1 623 cm -1. With the increase of silk fibroin content, the mechanical strength and degradability of biological ink were improved, and the compression modulus of 10% and 15% printing stand reached 19.96±5.66 kpa and 26.87±10.68 kpa, respectively. All biological inks had no obvious cytotoxicity. Real-time quantitative PCR showed that when the content of silk fibroin reached 10%-15%, the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in the tissue mass had stronger ability to differentiate into cartilage. In vivo studies showed that after 3 months, the sGAG/DNA content of 10% and 15% silk fibroin scaffolds reached 0.25±0.01 μg/ng and 0.24±0.02 μg/ng, respectively, and the collagen/DNA content reached 17.71±0.83 ng/ng and 16.69±2.39 ng/ng, respectively. Tissue engineered cartilage printed with high concentration silk fibroin can better repair articular cartilage defects. Conclusion:TThe chondrogenic differentiation and extracellular matrix (collagen and glycosaminoglycan) secretion of BMSCs were superior to those of the other two scaffolds when the content of silk fibroin reaches 10%-15%. The changes of chondrogenic differentiation ability and extracellular matrix secretion of stem cells from different scaffolds, as well as the repair effect on articular cartilage defects are caused by the differences of mechanical properties of scaffolds, which can be produced by the changes of silk fibroin concentration.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865772

ABSTRACT

In 2014, the training of clinical medical genetics was included in the training sequence of resident standardized training in China. The standardized training of clinical geneticist in China started relatively late. As a whole, the training and qualification system of clinical hereditary physicians are still in the process of development and perfection. Based on "Rules for the training of department of medical genetics", basic medical genetics resident training system was established in Henan Provincial People's Hospital. Additionally, we took advantage of interactive online education platform, multiple disciplinary team, the analysis of positive case report, literature report and other teaching practices combined with the tutor system. After 4 years of exploration and practice, the program can quickly improve the residents' comprehensive ability, such as theoretical knowledge, professional literacy, clinical practice skills, and scientific research ability.

13.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 1101-1107, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880229

ABSTRACT

Extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA) is a small segment of circular DNA located outside the chromosome, which has the function of self-replication. Recently, amplification of oncogenes on ecDNA has been proved to be a common phenomenon in tumor cells, and has some characteristics worth studying, such as correlation with patients' poor prognosis. Multiple chromosomal events are involved in the formation of ecDNA, and its amplification can directly increase the number of DNA copies of extra-chromosomal oncogenes and accelerate the generation and development of tumors. Moreover, the segregation pattern of unequal transmission of parental ecDNA cells to offspring not only increases tumor heterogeneity, but also enhances tumor adaptation to environment and response to therapy. This article reviews the current status and potential significance of ecDNA in tumor cells.
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14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1671-1674, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837590

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the knowledge and behavior towards COVID-19 among primary and middle school students in Guangdong province, so as to provide basis for health education on epidemic prevention and control.@*Methods@#An online questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 222 403 primary and middle school students in Guangdong Province from March 8 to 31, 2020.@*Results@#In Guangdong Province, 96.28%, 80.01% and 38.58% of primary and middle school students knew the transmission route of the novel coronavirus was droplet transmission, contact transmission and aerosol transmission respectively, and 78.22% of the students knew the two main transmission routes. Among COVID-19 prevention and control measures, the top three well-known measures were mask wearing(99.69%), frequent hand washing(99.06%) and social distancing(96.21%). During the pandemic, 88.48% of students wore masks every time they went out, 32.15% reported that they needed parental supervision, and 53.97% reported they would continue wearing masks after the pandemic. 87.21% of students washed their hands every time after going out, 18.78% reported that they needed parental supervision, and 94.92% reported that they would continue washing their hands frequently after the pandemic.@*Conclusion@#Primary and middle school students in Guangdong Province had high rates of awareness on transmission route and prevention and control measures of COVID-19. During the pandemic, the rates of wearing masks or washing hands every time after going out was high, and the rates of behavior intention of washing hands after the pandemic was high.

15.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833813

ABSTRACT

Blastocystis sp. is a kind of protozoa living in the intestinal tract of human and animals, which will cause intestinal diseases such as diarrhea, abdominal distension and vomiting. This paper was aimed to understand the infection of Blastocystis sp. In golden monkeys and the transmission path in North China. Thirty-seven feces samples from golden monkeys and 116 cockroach samples from Shijiazhuang Zoo were collected from July to October 2019 for PCR analysis of Blastocystis sp. Genetic diversity analysis was further conducted on the samples with positive PCR results. The results showed that the infection rate was 48.7% (18/37) in golden monkeys and 82.8% (96/116) in cockroaches, respectively. The genetic evolution analysis based on small subunit ribosomal RNA demonstrated that three subtypes (ST) of Blastocystis sp. including ST1, ST2, and ST3 existed in the intestinal tract of golden monkeys, while only ST2 was detected in the intestinal tract of cockroaches. This paper may provide supports for the quarantine and control of Blastocystis sp. for the zoo in Northern China.

16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 303-312, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829094

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic urticaria (CU) is a common skin disease, which has a negative effect on quality of life. Current treatments do not fully control the symptoms of urticaria for many CU patients, thus effective and safe treatments for CU are still needed.@*OBJECTIVE@#This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cupping therapy in patients with CU.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy looked for the presence of related keywords, such as "chronic urticaria" and "cupping therapy," in the title and abstract of research articles indexed in major databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected after querying nine electronic databases from their inception to May 2019 with the above search terms.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#RCTs were included if they recruited patients with CU who were intervened with dry or wet cupping. Publications could be written in Chinese or English.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Data were extracted, and the studies were assessed for the quality of their methodological design and risk of bias. Meta-analyses of the RCT data were conducted to assess the total effective rate of the treatment as the primary outcome. Skin disease quality of life index score, recurrence rate, and adverse events were assessed as secondary outcomes. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on different interventions.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen comparisons from 12 RCTs involving 842 participants were included. There were no significant differences between wet cupping and medications in total effective rate (n = 372; risk ratio [RR] = 1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.97 to 1.25; P = 0.14) or recurrence rate (n = 240; RR = 0.56, 95% CI 0.23 to 1.36; P = 0.20). Cupping therapy, in combination with antihistamine treatment was more efficacious than antihistamines alone, with a greater total effective rate (n = 342; RR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.39; P = 0.03) and lower recurrence rate (n = 342; RR = 0.52, 95% CI 0.32 to 0.84; P = 0.007). Cupping therapy combined with acupuncture was more effective than acupuncture alone (n = 156; RR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.46; P = 0.006). No serious adverse events were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#Wet cupping may be as effective as treatment with antihistamines. When cupping therapy is used as an adjuvant therapy to antihistamines or acupuncture, it may enhance the efficacy. Results drawn from these studies should be interpreted with caution and applied with care to clinical practice, because of the poor quality among the studies that were reviewed.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO, CRD42019137451.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828446

ABSTRACT

This study is a randomized controlled trial of Reyanning Mixture in the treatment of acute tonsillitis. According to the ratio of 1∶1∶1, a total of 144 patients were randomly divided into Reyanning Mixture group(RYN), Reyanning Mixture+Amoxicillin Capsules group(RYN+Amoxil) and Amoxicillin Capsules group(Amoxil), with 48 cases in each group, in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of RYN alone or combined with Amoxil in the treatment of acute tonsillitis, and provided high-quality evidences for treatment of infectious diseases with traditional Chinese medicine and reduced use of antibiotics. The dosage of RYN was 20 mL, 3 times a day, 100 mL/bottle, oral for 7 days, and Amoxil dosage was 0.5 g, 3 times a day, 0.5 g×12 tablets/plate, oral for 7 days. A total of 144 cases were included, 3 cases were excluded(1 case was mistakenly included, 2 cases did not take drugs after inclu-ded), and a total of 141 cases were included in the full analysis set(FAS). The results showed statistical differences in the recovery time of the disease, the disappearance rate of fever on the 3 rd day and the disappearance rate of tonsillar redness and swelling between RYN and Amoxil. There were statistical differences in the cure rate of disease, recovery time of disease, body temperature recovery time, fever disappearance rate on the 3 rd day, pharynx swelling and pain disappearance rate and tonsil swelling disappearance rate between the RYN+Amoxil and Amoxil, but with no significant difference in the above aspects compared with RYN. The DDD of antibiotic use in RYN+Amoxil was significantly lower than that in Amoxil(P<0.01). According to the findings, when RYN was used alone in the treatment of acute tonsillitis, it was superior to Amoxil in time of recovery, short-term improvement of fever and redness and swelling of tonsil. Compared with RYN+Amoxil, there was no difference in cure rate of disease, recovery time of disease, body temperature recovery time, short-term improvement of fever, swelling of pharynx and swelling of tonsil, with a better efficacy than Amoxil. The clinical effect of RYN was similar to that of combined Amoxil in the treatment of acute tonsillitis, and RYN was superior to Amoxil in the time of recovery, short-term improvement of fever and redness and swelling of tonsil, with no adverse event or adverse reaction. RYN+Amoxil can significantly reduce the DDD value of antibiotics in the treatment of acute tonsillitis, with significant clinical advantages over Amoxil.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fever , Drug Therapy , Humans , Tonsillitis , Drug Therapy
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2688-2695, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877836

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is relatively common worldwide and an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. It is closely linked to arterial stiffness of the carotid artery. However, the association of MetS with the safety of carotid revascularization has been rarely studied. The aim of this study was to observe the current status of MetS and its components in Chinese carotid revascularized patients, and investigate the impact on major adverse clinical events (MACEs) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS).@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to December 2017, patients undergoing CEA or CAS in the Neurosurgery Department of Xuanwu Hospital were retrospectively recruited. The changes in prevalence of MetS and each component with time were investigated. The primary outcome was 30-day post-operative MACEs. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify the impact of MetS on CEA or CAS.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2068 patients who underwent CEA (766 cases) or CAS (1302 cases) were included. The rate of MetS was 17.9%; the prevalence rate of MetS increased with time. The occurrence rate of MACEs in CEA was 3.4% (26 cases) and in CAS, 3.1% (40 cases). There was no statistical difference between the two groups (3.4% vs. 3.1%, P = 0.600). For CEA patients, univariate analysis showed that the MACE (+) group had increased diabetes history (53.8% vs. 30.9%, P = 0.014) and MetS (34.6% vs. 15.8%, P = 0.023). For CAS patients, univariate analysis showed that the MACE (+) group had increased coronary artery disease history (40.0% vs. 21.6%, P = 0.006) and internal carotid artery tortuosity (67.5%% vs. 37.6%, P < 0.001). Furthermore, the MACE (+) group had higher systolic blood pressure (143.38 ± 22.74 vs. 135.42 ± 17.17 mmHg, P = 0.004). Multivariable analysis showed that the influencing factors for MACEs in CEA included history of diabetes (odds ratio [OR] = 2.345; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.057-5.205; P = 0.036) and MetS (OR = 2.476; 95% CI = 1.065-5.757; P = 0.035). The influencing factors for MACEs in CAS included systolic blood pressure (OR = 1.023; 95% CI = 1.005-1.040; P = 0.010), coronary artery disease (OR = 2.382; 95% CI = 1.237-4.587; P = 0.009) and internal carotid artery tortuosity (OR = 3.221; 95% CI = 1.637-6.337; P = 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence rate of MetS increased with time in carotid revascularized patients. MetS is a risk for short-term MACEs after CEA, but not CAS.


Subject(s)
Carotid Arteries/surgery , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , China/epidemiology , Endarterectomy, Carotid/adverse effects , Humans , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sample Size , Stents/adverse effects , Stroke , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2521-2531, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877834

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Secukinumab demonstrated sustained efficacy in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) through 5 years in pivotal Phase III studies. Here, we present efficacy and safety results (52-week) of secukinumab in patients with AS from the MEASURE 5 study.@*METHODS@#MEASURE 5 was a 52-week, Phase III, China-centric study. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive subcutaneous secukinumab 150 mg or placebo weekly for the first five doses and then once every 4 weeks (q4w). All placebo patients switched to secukinumab 150 mg q4w starting at Week 16. Primary endpoint was Assessments of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) 20 at Week 16. Randomization was stratified by region (China vs. non-China).@*RESULTS@#Of 458 patients (secukinumab 150 mg, N = 305; placebo, N = 153) randomized, 327 (71.4%) were from China and 131 (28.6%) were not from China. Of these, 97.7% and 97.4% patients completed Week 16 and 91.1% and 95.3% (placebo-secukinumab) patients completed Week 52 of treatment. The primary endpoint was met; secukinumab significantly improved ASAS20 response at Week 16 vs. placebo (58.4% vs. 36.6%; P < 0.0001); corresponding rate in the Chinese population was 56.0% vs. 38.5% (P < 0.01). All secondary efficacy endpoints significantly improved with secukinumab 150 mg in the overall population at Week 16; responses were maintained with a trend toward increased efficacy from Week 16 to 52. No new or unexpected safety signals were reported up to Week 52.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Secukinumab 150 mg demonstrated rapid and significant improvement in signs and symptoms of AS. Secukinumab was well tolerated and the safety profile was consistent with previous reports. Efficacy and safety results were comparable between the overall and Chinese populations.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02896127; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02896127?term=NCT02896127&draw=2&rank=1.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , China , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873256

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study on the content change and transformation rule of eight main characteristic components in stir-frying process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Method::The contents of liquiritin apioside, liquiritin, isoliquiritin apioside, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were determined simultaneously by HPLC. The chromatographic conditions were Waters Symmetry® C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), and the mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.05%phosphoric acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-9 min, 19%-25%A; 9-18 min, 25%-34%A; 18-38 min, 34%-51%A; 38-58 min, 51%-89%A), the flow rate of 1 mL·min-1, the detection wavelengths at 320 nm (0-16 min), 276 nm (16-25 min), 370 nm (25-28 min), 254 nm (28-58 min), the injection volume of 10 μL and the column temperature at 30 ℃. Result::After stir-frying, the total content of three components with dihydroflavone as mother nucleus was decreased, while the total content of three components with chalcone as mother nucleus showed an upward trend, the content change of glycyrrhizic acid was not obvious, but glycyrrhetinic acid content showed a slight upward trend. When the monomer heating temperature reached 130 ℃, dihydroflavones and chalcones could be isomerized with each other, and with the increase of temperature, the isomerization became more obvious. When the heating temperature rose to 180 ℃ (isoliquiritin apioside was 130 ℃), in addition to the isomerization, the glucosidic bond of flavonoid glycosides began to break and gradually transformed into the corresponding secondary glycosides or aglycones. Glucosidic bond of glycyrrhizic acid could also be broken to form glycyrrhetinic acid, which was detected at 150 ℃. Conclusion::The change of chemical composition is complex during stir-frying process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, in addition to the isomerization and glucosidic bonds breaking observed in this experiment, there may be other complex reactions. The content of one compound in the herb is affected by many factors during its processing, such as the time and temperature of frying, the stability of the compound itself and so on.

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