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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 306-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927972


A total of 18 batches of Zhuru Decoction samples were prepared. Chromatographic fingerprints were established for Zhuru Decoction and single decoction pieces, the content of which was then determined. The extraction rate ranges, content, and transfer rate ranges of puerarin, liquiritin, and glycyrrhizic acid, together with the common peaks and the similarity range of the fingerprints, were determined to clarify key quality attributes of Zhuru Decoction. The 18 batches of Zhuru Decoction samples had 25 common peaks and the fingerprint similarity higher than 0.95. Puerariae Lobatae Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens had 21, 3, and 1 characteristic peaks, respectively. The 18 batches of samples showed the extraction rates within the range of 18.45%-25.29%. Puerarin had the content of 2.20%-3.07% and the transfer rate of 38.5%-45.9%; liquiritin had the content of 0.24%-0.85% and the transfer rate of 15.9%-37.5%; glycyrrhizic acid had the content of 0.39%-1.87% and the transfer rate of 16.2%-32.8%. In this paper, the quality value transmitting of substance benchmarks of Zhuru Decoction was analyzed based on chromatographic fingerprints, extraction rate, and the content of index components. A scientific and stable method was preliminarily established, which provided a scientific basis for the quality control and formulation development of Zhuru Decoction.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Quality Control , Rhizome/chemistry
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 309-313, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014334


; β-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs) are widely found in organs of the human body and play an important role in regulating heart function, blood vessel dilation, energy metabolism, etc. Studies have shown that β-ARs are abnormally high in breast cancer cells, which can promote the occurrence and development of breast cancer by affecting the growth and metabolism of breast cancer, invasive metastasis, and angiogenesis. Clinical studies have shown that blocking β-ARs signaling improves the prognosis of breast cancer patients, so β-ARs may be a potential treatment target for breast cancer. This paper summarizes the role of β-ARs in the development of breast cancer, with a view to providing some reference for follow-up research and clinical treatment.

Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 311-314, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642373


ObjectiveTo investigate current iodine nutritional status of different groups of people in Harbin city, and to provide the basis for development of salt iodization standard and scientific iodine supplementation.MethodsThree urban districts and three surrounding counties were chosen in Harbin,2011.In each chosen urban district and county,one district office (township) was selected,and one residents committee (village) was chosen in each of the district office(township),and 30 households were selected by systematic sampling.Iodized salt,water iodine and iodine intake per capita were investigated.In each of the residents committee (village),20 adults aged 18 - 45,30 pregnant women or lactating women,and 100 school children aged 8 - 10 were selected.Urine samples were collected and urinary iodine level were tested.Salt iodine was determined by direct titration,water and urinary iodine by arsenic cerium catalytic spectrophotometry.Iodine uptake and iodine nutritional status of different populations in Harbin urban and rural areas were compared.ResultsThe edible rate of qunlified iodized salt were 93.3%(84/90) and 96.3%(156/162) in Harbin urban and rural residents,respectively,which were all greater than 90%,and the highest value of salt iodine were 38.3,46.0 mg/kg,respectively,in urban and rural areas,which all did not exceed the upper limit(50 mg/kg) of qualified iodized salt,but there were some samples of salt iodine content below the national standard(20 mg/kg).Water iodine value in urban and rural areas,even the highest value(9.40,8.40 μg/L),was failed to meet the national standard 10 μg/L; salt eaten by rural people perperson a day(8.33 g) was significantly higher than that of the urban people(7.03 g,Z=- 2.750,P < 0.01); in addition to rural children aged 8 - 10,whose urinary iodine value(228.6 μg/L) was higher,the values in urban and rural adults ( 111.3,195.6 μg/L),pregnant women ( 193.0,172.9 μg/L),lactating women ( 128.4,173.7 μg/L)and urban children ( 186.8 μg/L ) were all in appropriate level.The urinary iodine medians ( 195.6,228.6 μg/L )of adults and children in rural were significantly higher than that of urban adults and children(111.3,186.8 μg/L,Z =- 2.294,- 5.434,P < 0.05 or < 0.01,respectively).Population composition of iodine deficiency in both urban and rural adults,lactating and pregnant women[46.7%(28/60),21.6%(13/60) ; 21.1%(19/90),21.3% (18/89) ; 27.8% ( 25/90 ),42.2% (38/90) ] were significantly higher than that of the population composition with iodine excess[4.6%(4/60),5.0%(3/60) ; 16.7%(15/90),16.9%(15/89) ; 4.4%(4/90),0.0%(0/90)],but proportion of iodine excessive population in rural children [26.3%(79/300)] was significantly higher than proportion of iodine deficiency[5.6%(17/300)].ConclusionsThe natural environment of Harbin city is still in the iodinedeficient state.In addition to children in rural areas,the iodine intake and iodine nutrition level is basically appropriate; the risk of disease caused by iodine deficiency in adults,lactating and pregnant women is higher than by iodine excess,but the situation of children in rural is on the opposite.Therefore,we should strengthen the monitoring of different populations,and supplement iodine scientifically based on their need.