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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 175-180, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827070

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to clarify the signaling molecular mechanism by which fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) regulates leptin gene expression in adipocytes. Differentiated 3T3-F442A adipocytes were used as study object. The mRNA expression level of leptin was detected by fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR. The phosphorylation levels of proteins of signal transduction pathways were detected by Western blot. The results showed that FGF21 significantly down-regulated the mRNA expression level of leptin in adipocytes, and FGF21 receptor inhibitor BGJ-398 could completely block this effect. FGF21 up-regulated the phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and AMPK in adipocytes. Either ERK1/2 inhibitor SCH772984 or AMPK inhibitor Compound C could partially block the inhibitory effect of FGF21, and the combined application of these two inhibitors completely blocked the effect of FGF21. Neither PI3K inhibitor LY294002 nor Akt inhibitor AZD5363 affected the inhibitory effect of FGF21 on leptin gene expression. These results suggest that FGF21 may inhibit leptin gene expression by activating ERK1/2 and AMPK signaling pathways in adipocytes.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , Adenylate Kinase , Adipocytes , Metabolism , Animals , Down-Regulation , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Metabolism , Leptin , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , Phosphorylation , Signal Transduction
2.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1009-1013, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818131

ABSTRACT

The scientificity and value of precision medicine are adequately reflected in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. Numerous drugs for lung cancer are being developed and the therapeutic data constantly updated. Study of the targeted molecular therapy is concentrated on the optimal selection, combination and administration of drugs for common mutation targets after drug resistance, and that of the immunotherapy on more precise stratification. The clinical data on the targeted therapy and immunotherapy for lung cancer were updated at the European Conference on Lung Cancer (ECLC) in 2019. This paper focuses on the data from the ECLC on the studies of the targeted therapy for lung cancer, relating the epidermal growth factor receptor, anaplastic lymphoma kinase, ROS1 fusion, and immunotherapy for elderly patients with lung cancer as well as for those with different PDL1 expression levels, aiming to provide some reference for more scientific, standardized and precise administration of drugs in clinical practice.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1104-1110, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) alone or combined with tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) on the apoptosis of leukemia cell lines with MLL gene-rearrangement, and to explore the cell apoptotic pathway after the combined action.@*METHODS@#MLL-ALL cell line KOCL44 and KOCL45 were selected as the research object, then the control and experimental groups were set up. The cell survival rate was measured by the trypan blue dye exclusion method, the cell early apoptosis and expression of death receptors on the cell surface were detected by flow cytometry with Annexin-V/PI double staining. The protein level of caspase-8, BID, caspase-3, caspase-9, BAD, BCL-2, as well as mitochondrial and cytosol Cyto-C were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#LBF combined with TRAIL inhibited the growth of KOCL44 and KOCL-45 cells and showed the synergistic effect, the results of flow cytometry with Amnexiu V/PI double staining were consistent with above-mentioned results. After treatment of KOCL44 and KOCL45 cells with LBF plus TRAIL, the significant expression of DR4 on cell surface was not found, while the expression of DR4 receptor was enhanced significantly, the pro-apoptotic proteins including caspase-8, BID, caspase-3, caspase-9 and BAD were activated significantly and BCL-2 was suppressed significantly with time-dependent manner. The expression of mitochondria cyto-C in KOCL44 and KOCL45 decreased along with prolonging of treatment time (r=-0.95, r=-0.866), while the expression of cytosol cyto-C in KOCL44 and KOCL45 increased along with prolonging of treatment time (r=0.883, r=0.903).@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of LBP and TRAIL significantly increases the apoptosis of KOCL44 and KOCL45, and the LBP and TRAIL can up-regulate the expression of TRAIL death receptor-DR5 on the cell surface, activate the pathway of caspase and mito-chrondia mitachondria, thus enhance the sensitivity of KOCL44 and KOCL45 to TRAIL induced apoptosis through both mitochondrial and apoptotic pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 8 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695805

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the long-term efficacy of percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) and the durability of the home-made self-expanding pulmonary valve (Venus-P).Methods From May,2013 to Nov.,2015,14 patients who underwent percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation at Zhongshan Hospital,Fudan University and received at least 1 year follow-up were enrolled,including 3 males and 11 females,with an average age of (35.8 ± 7.8) years.All patients with tetralogy of Fallot received radical resection and developed severe pulmonary regurgitation.The longterm mortality,the operation related complications,the short term and long-term effect of PPVI,as well as the durability and effect of the self-expanding pulmonary valve were evaluated in the 14 patients.Results Over an average follow-up period of (2.3 ± 0.8) years (1.0-3.5 years),only 1 patient died (6.7 %).During the follow-up,no deterioration,infective endocarditis,malignant arrhythmia and other serious complications was observed,and nobody needed reoperation.There was no valve displacement,valve stent fracture,obvious circumferential leakage and pulmonary regurgitation.After PPVI,an acute improvement in pulmonary artery diastolic pressure was observed [(4.93 ± 3.37) mmHg vs.(11.47 ± 4.61) mmHg,P<0.05].Six month postoperatively,right ventricular end diastolic volume measured by cardiac nuclear magnetic resonance was significantly reduced [(139.29± 18.21)mL/m2 vs.(83.03 ± 20.0) mL/m2,P<0.05].At 1 year follow up,the across valve pressure difference were (20.85 ± 4.45) mmHg calculated by the echocardiography,and the NYHA cardiac function (Ⅰ-Ⅲ:4 cases;Ⅰ-Ⅱ:10 cases) was improved 1-2 degree and the distance of 6-minute walk test were significantly increased [(475.00 ± 55.06) m vs.(594.23 ± 194.51) m,P<0.05].Meanwhile,the QRS duration decreased was also observed.The changes of the QRS duration have statistical significance after 1 and 3 months of the PPVI when compared with the baseline [(169.93 ± 21.34) ms vs.(159.87 ± 24.4) ms or (160.00 ± 27.0 ms,P<0.05].Conclusions PPVI using home-made self-expanding pulmonary valve (Venus-P) for chronic pulmonary regurgitation has good long-term efficacy and low complication rate,and the valve is durable.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1469-1474, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324953

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction ensues due to rheumatic mitral stenosis (RMS). The evaluation of RV function is clinically important for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up for patients with different degrees of RMS. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the 64-slice multi-detector row computed tomography (64-slice MDCT) can assess the RV function in RMS with high accuracy and reproducibility when compared to MR imaging (MRI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Right ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (RV-EDV and RV-ESV), stroke volume (RV-SV), ejection fraction (RV-EF), cardiac output (RV-CO), and wall mass (RV-Mass) were measured with dedicated cardiac analysis software on 64-slice MDCT and compared with values measured with MRI in 43 consecutive patients with RMS. Agreement between MRI and 64-MDCT results were compared with Bland and Altman analysis and linear regression analysis. Repeated measurements were performed to determine intraobserver and interobserver variability.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences were revealed in calculated RV function parameters between the two methods. RV-EDV, RV-ESV, RV-SV, RV-EF, RV-CO, and RV-Mass by 64-slice MDCT were similar to those by MRI (P > 0.05). There were good correlations (r = 0.98, 0.97, 0.96, 0.96, 0.95 and 0.77, respectively) and close agreement (bias = -0.2 ml, -1.0 ml, 0.8 ml, 0.5%, 26.1 ml, and 0.5 g, respectively, P > 0.05). The variability in 64-slice MDCT measurements was similar to that in MRI values.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ECG-gated 64-slice MDCT could assess the RV function in RMS with high accuracy and reproducibility when compared to MRI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Mitral Valve Stenosis , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Methods , Prospective Studies , Rheumatic Heart Disease , Ventricular Function, Right
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642392

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the efficiency of 18 F-FDG PET in glioma grading by using Meta-analysis. Methods Retrieval in PubMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)was performed. Relevant papers concerning with glioma diagnoses with 18 F- FDG PET were selected. Paper quality was evaluated according to the standard of diagnostic test recommended by Cochrane Workshop. The data of glioma malignancy degree defined as semi-quantitatively and qualitatively were extracted from the papers. Meta-analysis was conducted with the Meta-Disc software to calculate pooled weighted sensitivity and specificity with 95% confidence interval (CI). Summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve was performed and the areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated. Results Seven hundred and fifty-three patients from 17 papers ( 16 in English, 1 in Chinese) were included. Two hundred and seventy-two patients from 11 papers were using semi-quantitative (tumor to cortex ratio, T/C; tumor to white matter ratio,T/W) method and 481 patients from 9 papers were using qualitative method (visual observation, some of the papers had 2 or more methods). After heterogeneity test was done, different effect models were selected. The pooled weighted sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) with 95% CI for T/C group was 0. 952 (95% CI: 0. 903 -0. 980), 0. 409 (95% CI: 0. 318-0. 504) and 11. 746 (95% CI:5. 368-25. 702) respectively. The pooled weighted sensitivity, specificity and DOR with 95% CI for T/W group was 0. 857 (95% CI: 0. 768-0. 922), 0. 538 (95% CI: 0. 431 -0. 642) and 22. 066 (95% CI:7. 077-68. 800) respectively. The pooled weighted sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR)with 95% CI for qualitative method was 0.810 (95%CI: 0.757-0.855), 0.870 (95%CI: 0. 819-0.911 ) and 15.282 (95% CI: 3. 716-62. 851 ) respectively. The AUC for T/C group, T/W group and qualitative method was 0.8604, 0. 8373 and 0. 8724 respectively. Conclusions Grading glioma by 18 F-FDG PET with semi-quantitative method may provide high diagnostic sensitivity. If qualitative method is used, the diagnostic specificity may be higher.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345184

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological features of Chinese hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients who met the Amsterdam criteria were enrolled in this study from several hospitals in China. Clinicopathological features of patients with HNPCC were compared between the patients with suspected HNPCC and sporadic colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One hundred and sixty-seven individuals from 31 families met the Amsterdam criteria. The average age was 48.6 (22-78) years old. There were 43 cases (31.9%) with ascending colon cancer and 52 cases (38.5%) with rectal cancer. The 3-, 5-, 10- years survival rate was 70.3%, 49.9% and 39.7% respectively. The incidence of multiple primary neoplasms was 20.4% .</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Chinese HNPCC is characterized by early disease onset. Rectal cancer and ascending colon cancer are the first and the secondly common cancer for Chinese HNPCC. Gastric cancer is the most common parenteral cancer in Chinese HNPCC families.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asians , China , Epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis , Epidemiology , Genetics , Pathology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Young Adult
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