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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the early clinical efficacy of combined therapy of stage 4 neuroblastoma.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data and follow-up data of 14 children with stage 4 neuroblastoma who were diagnosed in Hong Kong University-Shenzhen Hospital from January 2016 to June 2021.@*RESULTS@#The median age of onset was 3 years and 7.5 months in these 14 children. Among these children, 9 had positive results of bone marrow biopsy, 4 had N-Myc gene amplification, 13 had an increase in neuron-specific enolase, and 7 had an increase in vanilmandelic acid in urine. Based on the results of pathological examination, differentiated type was observed in 6 children, undifferentiated type in one child, mixed type, in one child and poorly differentiated type in 6 children. Of all the children, 10 received chemotherapy with the N7 regimen (including 2 children receiving arsenic trioxide in addition) and 4 received chemotherapy with the Rapid COJEC regimen. Thirteen children underwent surgery, 14 received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and 10 received radiotherapy. A total of 8 children received Ch14.18/CHO immunotherapy, among whom 1 child discontinued due to anaphylactic shock during immunotherapy, and the other 7 children completed Ch14.18/CHO treatment without serious adverse events, among whom 1 child was treated with Lu177 Dotatate 3 times after recurrence and is still undergoing chemotherapy at present. The median follow-up time was 45 months for all the 14 children. Four children experienced recurrence within 2 years, and the 2-year overall survival rate was 100%; 4 children experienced recurrence within 3 years, and 7 achieved disease-free survival within 3 years.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Multidisciplinary combined therapy is recommended for children with stage 4 neuroblastoma and can help them achieve better survival and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Child , Child, Preschool , Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Infant , Neuroblastoma/drug therapy , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radionuclide Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692237

ABSTRACT

Graphene oxide (GO) was prepared by modified Hummers method with graphite as raw materials and used as adsorbent for sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) and sulfamerazine (SMR) in aqueous solutions.The graphene oxide was characterized by fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).The effects of pH value,adsorption time,initial concentration and temperature on the adsorption property of GO to two sulfonamide antibiotics were investigated and combined with the physical and chemical properties of two kinds of antibiotics.The result showed the maximum adsorption capacity were 138.50 mg/g and 96.06 mg/g at pH=1,adsorbent dosage of 20 mg,45℃,adsorption time of 100 min and 120 min for SMZ and SMR,respectively.The adsorption data of SMZ and SMR fitted well with the Pseudo-second-order kinetics model and the Langmuir isotherm model.The adsorption properties of GO were evaluated with lake water and tap water as real samples and good results were obtained.GO could be used as enrichment and separation materials for sample pretreatment and removing pollutant in wastewater.

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