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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 126-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To introduce a classification of alar retraction, and to discuss the therapeutic strategy of alar retraction with cartilage graft and the satisfaction evaluation of patients after operation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients with alar retraction admitted to the Department of Plastic and Aesthetic (Burn) Surgery, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2015 to December 2020, including 20 males and 68 females, aged 20 to 48 years, with an average age of 28.98 years. All patients underwent external rhinoplasty according to a series of treatment plans determined by the classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) were used to conduct satisfaction survey before and 12 months after operation. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to analyze patient satisfaction. Results: A total of 88 patients were included in this study. According to the classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure, 45 cases were mild, 23 cases were moderate, and 20 cases were severe. There were 16 cases of unilateral and 72 cases of bilateral alar retraction. The patients were followed up for 12 to 18 months, with an average of 13.37 months. The VAS score and ROE score after each type of surgery were higher than those before surgery, with statistically significant (all P<0.05). Among them, the difference in VAS score (6.75±1.29) and in ROE satisfaction (67.70±7.38) of patients with severe alar retraction were the most significant improvement. Conclusion: The classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure in the frontal view can comprehensively evaluate the severity of alar retraction, and makes the treatment algorithms systematic and comprehensive. The satisfaction of patients is relatively high.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Rhinoplasty , Retrospective Studies , Patient Satisfaction , Treatment Outcome , Esthetics , Nose/surgery
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1197-1204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879022

ABSTRACT

To screen the sensitive cell lines of active fraction from clove(AFC) on human colon cancer cells, investigate the effects of AFC on the cells proliferation and apoptosis as well as PI3 K/Akt/mTOR(phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt/mechanistic target of rapamycin) signaling pathways involved, and reveal the mechanism of AFC for inducing apoptosis of human colorectal carcinoma cells. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay was used to detect the cytotoxic effect of different concentrations of AFC. AFC-induced apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. HCT116 cells were treated with AFC with or without pretreatment with insulin-like growth factor-Ⅰ(IGF-Ⅰ), and then the protein expression levels of caspase-3, caspase-9, poly ADP-ribose polymerase(PARP), PI3 K, p-PI3 K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR and p-mTOR in PI3 K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway were detected by Western blot. RESULTS:: showed that the most obvious inhibitory effect of AFC was on human colon cancer HCT116 cells, and the optimal AFC treatment time was 48 hours. After AFC treatment, typical apoptotic features such as nuclear chromatin concentration, nuclear fragmentation and apoptotic bodies appeared in a dose-dependent manner. Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining showed that as compared with the control group, 50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1) AFC groups increased the apoptosis rate of HCT116 cells significantly(P<0.001); AFC activated caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP in a concentration-dependent manner. The protein expression levels of cleaved caspase-3/procaspase-3, cleaved PARP/PARP and caspase-9/β-actin after treatment of AFC(100 μg·mL~(-1)) were significantly different from those in the control group(P<0.001). The relative protein expression of p-PI3 K, p-Akt and p-mTOR decreased in a concentration dependent manner, while Akt and mTOR showed no significant differences among groups. The ratios of p-PI3 K/PI3 K, p-Akt/Akt and p-mTOR/mTOR in the AFC groups(50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1)) were significantly lower than those in the control group(P<0.01). Its combination with IGF-Ⅰ weakened the effect of AFC in inhibiting PI3 K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. The ratios of p-Akt/Akt and p-mTOR/mTOR in the AFC+IGF-Ⅰ group were significantly enhanced as compared with the AFC group(P<0.05). Apoptosis-related protein expression levels(cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP) in HCT116 cells treated with AFC+IGF-Ⅰ were also down regulated. As compared with the AFC group, the ratios of cleaved caspase-3/procaspase-3 and cleaved PARP/PARP in the AFC+IGF-Ⅰ group were significantly decreased(P<0.01). In summary, AFC activated caspase-mediated cascades and induced HCT116 cells apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, which may be associated with the inhibition of the PI3 K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , HCT116 Cells , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Syzygium , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2190-2196, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879177

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of self-assembled nanoparticles from Shaoyao Gancao Decoction(SGD-SAN) on the encapsulation, in vitro release and intestinal absorption of the main components of Baishao. Particle size analysis and morphological observation were used to verify the formation of SGD-SAN in the decoction. The entrapment efficiency(EE) of SGD-SAN on the main components of Baishao was determined by ultrafiltration centrifugation. The dialysis bag method was used to study the in vitro release of the main components of Baishao with pH 6.8 phosphate buffer solution as the release media. Single-pass intestinal perfusion study was performed to investigate the effect of SGD-SAN on the absorption of the main components of Baishao. The results showed that there were nanoparticles in the SGD, and the particle sizes and PDI of SGD-SAN were about 200 nm and 0.38, respectively. SGD-SAN was irregularly spherical under transmission electron microscope(TEM). The EEs of albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin in SGD-SAN were 33.78%±1.03%,33.61%±0.90%,88.53%±0.58%, respectively. The release characteristics of albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin from SGD-SAN showed a slow-release effect on pH 6.8 phosphate buffer solution media. SGD-SAN could significantly enhance the absorption of albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin in the ileum. The results of this study indicated that SAN could be formed during the mixed decoction of Baishao and Gancao, and SGD-SAN could encapsulate the components of Baishao, with a certain slow-release effect, and the formation of SAN facilitated the absorption of drugs in the ileum.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Nanoparticles
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4875-4880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921623

ABSTRACT

Due to the diverse sources and unique structures, the chemical components of Chinese medicinal materials are easy to self-assemble to form nanoparticles. The formation of self-assembled nanoparticles(SAN) can not only affect the absorption and distribution of the effective ingredients in Chinese medicinal materials but also may improve the biological activity of the effective ingredients or their simple mixtures, which is of great significance for revealing the compatibility mechanism of Chinese medicine prescription, developing new Chinese medicine products, and producing new nanomaterials. This paper reviews the formation, isolation, characterization, and application of SAN of Chinese medicines, and discusses the problems and development trends of the relevant research, which can provide reference for the further study and promote the innovation and application of such SAN.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nanoparticles , Prescriptions
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 104-110, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802008

ABSTRACT

Objective: The formulation of co-loaded docetaxel(DTX) and gambogic acid(GA) albumin nanoparticles(DTX-GA-BSA NPs) was optimized by central composite design-response surface methodology to prepare DTX-GA-BSA NPs, and its quality was evaluated. The optimal synergistic ratio of DTX and GA was screened by coefficient of drug interaction(CDI). Method: NabTM method was used to prepare DTX-GA-BSA NPs with bovine serum albumin(BSA) as the carrier material. Design-Expert 8.0.6 software was used to design the experiment and process the data, overall desirability(OD) of particle size and polydispersity index(PDI), encapsulation rate were taken as indexes. The particle size and Zeta potential of the nanoparticles were measured. Individual and synergistic inhibitory effects of DTX and GA on the proliferation of MGC-803 and HGC-27 cells were determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay, respectively. Result: The optimum prescription of DTX-GA-BSA NPs was as follows:BSA concentration of 5 g·L-1, water-oil phase volume ratio of 1:17, drug-loading ratio(mass ration of drug to carrier) of 1:10.The average particle size of DTX-GA-BSA NPs was 135.8 nm and PDI was 0.09, Zeta potential was -21.4 mV. The deviation between the predicted value and the observed value of the model was small, the model had good predictability. For MGC-803 cell, when the concentrations of DTX and GA were 0.004, 0.12 μmol·L-1, respectively(mass ratio of DTX to GA was 1:23), the CDI value was the smallest and the synergistic proliferation inhibition was the most significant. For HGC-27 cell, when the concentrations of DTX and GA were 0.004, 1 μmol·L-1, respectively(mass ratio of DTX to GA was 1:195), the synergistic proliferation inhibition was the most significant. Conclusion: The optimized formulation of DTX-GA-BSA NPs is stable and reliable. The established mathematical model has good predictive ability and practicability. DTX combined with GA has synergistic effect on MGC-803 and HGC-27 cells without concentration dependence.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 108-114, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801806

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate gastrointestinal regulation of red yeast rice on spleen deficient dyspepsia mice, and provide reference for clarifying mechanism of invigorating spleen to promote digestion of fermented traditional Chinese medicine. Method: Mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, including the blank group, the model group, the unfermented red yeast rice treatment group (1.17 g·kg-1·d-1), the fermented red yeast rice treatment group (1.17 g·kg-1·d-1), the domperidone group (3.9 mg·kg-1·d-1), ten mice in each group were continuous intragastric administration for 10 days. The effects of red yeast rice before and after fermentation on the general behavior, body weight, food intake and gastrointestinal function of spleen deficient dyspepsia mice were compared. The effects of red yeast rice on the gastrointestinal hormone[motilin (MTL), gastrin (GAS), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)] levels in serum of spleen deficient dyspepsia mice were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorption assay (ELISA). The regulation function of red yeast rice on the pathological changes of gastrointestinal tissue of spleen deficient dyspepsia mice was investigated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The effect of red yeast rice on gut microbiota of spleen deficient dyspepsia mice was investigated, the primers were designed on bacterial 16S rRNA V3-V4 region sequences and Illumina Miseq platform was used for high-throughput sequencing. Result: Compared with the model group, fermented red yeast rice could recover the body weight and food intake, reduce gastric residual rate (PPEscherichia-Shigella, while increasing the relative abundance of the beneficial bacteria such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Conclusion: Fermented red yeast rice can enhance the gastrointestinal function of spleen deficient dyspepsia mice, the mechanism may be related to regulating gastrointestinal hormone level, improving histopathology of gastrointestinal tissue and restoring intestinal flora structure.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 34-40, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of modified Erchentang on the signal pathway of β2 adrenergicreceptor(β2AR)/arrestin beta 2(β-arrestin2) in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the expression of interleukin-17(IL-17) in serum, lung homogenate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Method: Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups:normal group, model group, modified Erchentang with high, medium and low doses (40, 20, 10 g · kg-1 · d-1), Xiaokechuan group (5 g · kg-1 · d-1), modified Erchentang group (5 g · kg-1 · d-1), 10 rats in each group. The rat model of COPD was established by smoking and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) intratracheal drip. After successful modeling, the treatment group was given intragastric administration, while the normal group and the model group were given the same amount of saline. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of IL-17 in serum, lung homogenate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of rats. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression of β2AR gene. Western blot was used to detect the expression of β2AR protein in lung tissue. The expression of β2AR and β-arrestin2 in lung tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Result: Compared with the normal group, the expression of β2AR protein in lung tissue of model group was significantly decreased(Pβ2AR protein in lung tissue was significantly increased(PPβ2AR in model group was significantly lower(Pβ2AR in high, medium and low dose group, Xiaokechuan group and modified Erchentang group was significantly higher(PPPPConclusion: Modified Erchentang may increase the expression of β2AR and β-arrestin2 and decrease the content of IL-17 in order to resist inflammation and improve pulmonary function in COPD rats.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 19-25, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of modified Erchentang on GATA-binding protein-3(GATA3) and T-box expressed in T cells(T-bet) in lung tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method: Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups, namely normal group, model group, low, medium and high-dose modified Erchentang group(5,10,20 g ·kg-1), Xiaokechuan group(5 g ·kg-1) and Erchentang group(5 g ·kg-1), with 10 in each group. The rat model of COPD was established by smoking combined with intratracheal dripping of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). After successful modeling, the treatment group was given intragastric administration, and the normal group and the model group were given intragastric administration of equal volume of saline. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the concentrations of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) in rat serum. The expressions of GATA3 and T-bet were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expressions of GATA3 and T-bet in lung tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Result: Compared with the control group, the serum levels of IL-10 in the model group was significantly decreased, while the IL-12 level was significantly increased (PPPPConclusion: Modified Erchentang may reduce the inflammation of lung tissue and improve lung function in COPD rats by reducing IL-12, increasing the content of IL-10, inhibiting the protein and gene expressions of T-bet, and stimulating the protein and gene expressions of GATA3.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4855-4861, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771560

ABSTRACT

In this paper, nano-sponges of flavonoids from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (LF-NSP) were prepared by agitation-freeze drying method. Box-benhnken design and response surface method based on the single factor experiment was used to optimize the preparation process, with the stirring temperature as well as stirring time and speed as the independent variables, while with drug loading, particle size and the generalized "normalized value" as the response values. In addition, the nano-sponges were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), infraredspectroscopy (FT-IR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and its release in vitro was also investigated. The results showed that the optimum preparation conditions for glycyrrhizin nano-sponges were as follows:The proportion of main drug and auxiliary drug was 1:2; the proportion of crosslinking agent DPC and β-CD was 4:1; stirring temperature 45 °C for 4.8 h at 245 r·min⁻¹. The comprehensive score of LF-NSP prepared under these conditions was 94.78. FT-IR and DSC results indicated the formation of Glycyrrhiza flavonoids nano-sponges, and SEM showed that they were spherical particles in shape. In release experiment in vitro, the cumulative release of glycyrrhizin flavonoids nano-sponges for 240 min was 81.8%, while that of crude drug was only 31.5%. Nano-sponges can significantly improve the dissolution of flavonoids from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Glycyrrhiza , Rhizome , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
10.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 266-269, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703852

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical efficacy of surgical radiofrequency ablation-modified Maze procedure in treating atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with large left atrial heart valve disease. Methods: A total of 267 patients received cardiac valve replacement and radiofrequency ablation-modified Maze procedure at the same time in our hospital from 2014-01 to 2015-15 were retrospectively studied. Based on the size of left atril, patients were divided into 2 groups: Group A, patients with left atrial size<60 mm, n=182 and Group B, patients with left atrial size≥60 mm, n=85. All patients were followed-up for 6 months after operation, clinical efficacy of surgical radiofrequency ablation-modified Maze procedure in treating AF was compared between 2 groups. Results: ①All patients were successfully completed the operation, radiofrequency ablation time was similar between Group A and Group B [18-32 (24±4) min] vs [22-38 (25±6)min], P>0.05. ②The ratios for recovering to sinus rhythm at the end of operation and discharge in Group A were 156/182 (86%) and 152 (84%), in Group B were 56/85 (66%) and 54 (64%); at 3 and 6 months post-operation in Group A were 149/182 (81.6%) and 146 (80.2%), in Group B were 48/85 (56.4%) and 46 (54.1%), all P<0.05. ③No patients needed installing permanent pacemaker, no operative mortality and no ablation related complications.Conclusion: Radiofrequency ablation-modified Maze procedure was safe, simple and effective in treating heart valve disease complicated AF, the effect in patients with left atrial ≥60 mm was inferior than left atrial<60mm; it could be used in clinical practice.

11.
Journal of Xinxiang Medical College ; (12): 216-218,223, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699506

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of epidural labor analgesia on the prolactin (PRL) levels of parturient.Methods Sixty primipara who delivered in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University from October 2016 to May 2017 were selected as research object.The parturient were divided into observation group and control group,with 30 cases in each group.The parturient in observation group were given ropivacaine combined with sufentanil for epidural block labor analgesia;the parturient in control group took natural production method without any analgesia method.The pain score,duration of labor,milk yield,serum PRL level before analgesia and 24,48 h postpartum and the number of initial lactation at 30 rmin,24 h,48 h postpartum of maternal were compared between the two groups.Results The active period of the first stage of labor of parturient in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (P < 0.05);there was no statistic difference in the latent period of the first stage of labor,the second stage of labor and the third stage of labor of parturient between the observation group and the control group(P < 0.05).There was no statistic difference in the pain score of parturient between the two groups before analgesia(P < 0.05);the pain score of parturient in observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group at the time point of uterine orifice open 3 cm,uterine orifice full dilatation and fetal disengagement(P< 0.05).There was no statistic difference in the PRL levels of parturient between the two groups before analgesia (P < 0.05);the PRL level of parturient in observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 24,48 h postpartum(P <0.05).The condition of initial lactation of maternal in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group(P < 0.05).The milk yield of parturient in observation group was significantly more than that in the control group at 24,48 h postpartum (P < 0.05).Conclusion Epidural analgesia can reduce the pain of parturient,shorten the active stage of the first stage of labor,increase the level of PRL and increase the milk yield of the postpartum.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 647-652, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clone the circular RNA hsa_circ_0000254 and construct its lentiviral over-expression vector.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The sequence of hsa_circ_0000254 (a total of 524 bp long) was synthesized and cloned by using pGH vector. The vector was cut by EcoR I and BamH I, and artificial hsa_circ_0000254 was obtained, then inserted in pLCDH-ciR to construct the recombinant expression vector pLCDH-circ254(C254), which was confirmed by DNA sequencing. The lentiviral expression vectors pLCDH-circ254(C254) and NC(pLCDH-ciR) were cotransfected into 293T cells by lipofectamine 2000(lipo2000). After transfection for 40 hours, the cells were collected and verified by PCR and sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Restriction analysis and DNA sequencing demonstrated that the lentiviral vector pLCDH-circ254(C254) was constructed successfully, the expression efficiency increased 10000 times after transfection of cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The successful construction of the lentiviral expression vector pLCDH-circ254(C254) results in the production of high-titer lentivirus, so as to facilitate further study of the molecular functions of hsa_circ_0000254.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Vectors , Lentivirus , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2984-2988, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335906

ABSTRACT

The nanosuspension of quercetin (QT-NS) was prepared by a miniaturized milling method, and the process was optimized by Box-Behnken response surface method. Then the accumulative release rate of QT-NS in vitro was determined. The results showed that the optimal process parameters were as follows: ZrO2 4.5 mL, milling speed 690 r•min⁻¹ and milling time 1.5 h; the particle size of QT-NS was (169±5) nm, polydispersity index of 0.204±0.006 and stability index of 0.827±0.014, respectively. There was a little deviation between the theoretically predicted value and the measured value, indicating that this model had a good prediction effect. The accumulative release rate in vitro of QT-NS in 120 min was significantly higher than that of the raw drug and physical mixture. This simple low-cost miniaturization approach could prepare QT-NS successfully, and could provide reference for the formulation of the nanosuspension.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 178-182, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259618

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study was to analyze the acute heart failure's risk factors and clinical characteristics for the patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) during the early stage (within 100 d) of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 106 cases of CML received allo-HSCT were retrospectively studied in Nanfang Hospital from May 2003 to May 2013. On the basis of existence or absence of acute heart failure during early stage of allo-HSCT (100 d), the patients were divided into heart failure (15 cases) and control group (91 cases). Using Logistic univariate analysis, Fisher' exact test and Pearson X(2) test, the acute heart failure's risk factors and clinical characteristics of both groups were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median occurrence time of acute heart failure was 3 d (1 d before transplantation to 84 d after transplantation). Logistic univariate analysis indicated that the imatinib treatment history and time, and the prophylaxis regimens for GVHD with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) were all the poor prognostic factors for acute heart failure. Incidence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD), bacterial infection and adverse prognostic events including death in the heart failure group patients were statistically higher than that in control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acute heart failure mostly happened in the early stage after allo-HSCT, imatinib treatment and GVHD prophylaxis regimens with ATG are the poor prognostic factors for acute heart failure. The patients of heart failure group seem to have higher incidence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD), bacterial infection and deaths.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Allografts , Antilymphocyte Serum , Benzamides , Heart Failure , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease , Imatinib Mesylate , Incidence , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Piperazines , Pyrimidines , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 763-765, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250344

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the causes and managements of the fractures and migrations of the implantable venous access port catheter (IVAPC). The fracture or migration of IVAPC occurred in 4 patients who were treated between May 2012 and January 2014 in Union Hospital, Wuhan, China. The port catheter leakage was found in 2 cases during drug infusion. Catheters that dislodged to the superior vena cava and right atrium were confirmed by port angiogram. The two dislodged catheters were successfully retrieved by interventional procedures. Catheter fracture occurred in two cases during port removal. One catheter was eventually removed from the subclavian vein through right clavicle osteotomy and subclavian venotomy, and the other removed by external jugular venotomy. Flushing the port in high pressure and injury of the totally implantable venous access port (TIVP) during implantation are usually responsible for catheter displacement. Interventional retrieval procedure can be used if the catheter dislodges to the vena cava and right atrium. Catheter fracture may occur during removal if clipping syndrome occurs or the catheter is sutured very tight during implantation.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Angiography , Catheters, Indwelling , Central Venous Catheters , Device Removal , Methods , Equipment Failure , Equipment Failure Analysis , Heart Atria , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Osteotomy , Methods , Suture Techniques , Vena Cava, Superior , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery
16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 750-758, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247138

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the expression of different proteins in free silica-induced transdifferentiated rat lung fibroblasts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat lung fibroblasts and alveolar macrophages were cultured. A transdifferentiation model of rat lung fibroblasts was established. Free silica was used as a stimulator for rat lung fibroblasts. Changes in α-SMA were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, respectively. Protein of lung fibroblasts was extracted and analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six protein spots were identified by mass spectrometry, including glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate-dehydrogenase, peroxiredoxin 5, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2, transgelin 2, keratin K6 and vimentin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Some proteins are changed in free silica-induced transdifferentiated rat lung fibroblasts.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cell Transdifferentiation , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Fibroblasts , Metabolism , Macrophages, Alveolar , Physiology , Silicon Dioxide , Silicosis
17.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 979-985, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247101

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of insulin-like growth factor II receptor in free silica-induced transdifferentiation of primary rat lung fibroblasts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat lung fibroblasts and rat alveolar macrophages were cultured. A transdifferentiation model of primary rat lung fibroblasts was induced by free silica. Levels of α-SMA protein, IGF-IIR protein and mRNA were measured by immunocytochemistry, Western blot and RT-PCR, respectively. Lung fibroblasts were treated with Wortmannin.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression levels of α-SMA and IGF-IIR increased with the increasing free silica concentration and decreased after Wortmannin was used.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The IGF-IIR plays an important role in free silica-induced transdifferentiation of primary rat lung fibroblasts.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Base Sequence , Cell Differentiation , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , DNA Primers , Fibroblasts , Lung , Cell Biology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, IGF Type 2 , Genetics , Physiology , Silicon Dioxide , Pharmacology
18.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 432-435, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284081

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the operative technique and clinical results of using peroneal perforator-based sural neurofasciocutaneous flaps to repair skin and soft tissue defects in lower extremities.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2009 to March 2012, 26 patients with skin and soft tissue defects at distal region of leg and foot were hospitalized. Among them, 9 patients suffered from tendon or bone exposure at the distal region of leg after injury due to traffic accident; 4 patients suffered from skin defects in the ankle as a result of electric injury; 8 patients suffered from chronic ulcer at the distal part of leg and foot; 5 patients suffered from plantar pressure ulcer. After debridement, soft tissue defect sizes ranged from 11 cm×5 cm to 18 cm×13 cm. According to the position and size of the defects, peroneal perforator-based sural neurofasciocutaneous flaps were designed and procured to repair the skin and soft tissue defects. The size of flaps ranged from 12 cm×6 cm to 20 cm×15 cm. Flap donor sites were closed by direct suture or skin grafting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-five flaps survived completely. Only one flap suffered partial margin necrosis in the size of 2 cm×1 cm, which was healed after dressing change. Patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months. The appearance and sensation of flaps were satisfactory; no ulcer occurred; the movement of lower extremities was normal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It is suitable to repair the skin and soft tissue defects at distal region of leg and foot with the peroneal perforator-based sural neurofasciocutaneous flap, as it possesses reliable blood supply, long and non-bulky pedicle, and sufficient available size. The operation is also easy to perform.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Lower Extremity , General Surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Soft Tissue Injuries , General Surgery , Sural Nerve , Transplantation , Surgical Flaps
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3047-3051, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337995

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Combining the quantitative physical property characteristics of the appearance with the internal quality evaluation index, its aims to provide experimental basis for the classification and quality evaluation of Coptis chinensis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Fourteen batches of C. chinensis from different areas were respectively measured in size (total length, total width, root length, taproot diameter, branch number, branch length, branch diameter, length of the bridge, weight), color (external color, internal color), content (epiberberine, coptisine, palmatine, berberine). Then the determination data were evaluated by spss principal component analysis and cluster analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Three principal components were extracted from the original data. The principal component analysis results showed that the characteristic elements might be the total length, main root length, taproot diameter, branch length, weight, the total color value of the appearance and content of epiberberine and berberine. The results of cluster analysis showed that 14 batches of samples could be clustered reasonably into two groups. In terms of the appearance and quality, there were some differences between in the geo-authentic and non-authentic producing areas of C. chinensis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method which was combining the quantitative physical property characteristics of the appearance with the internal quality evaluation index, and through the processing of mathematical statistics, could be used for the the classification of C. chinensis.</p>


Subject(s)
Berberine , Berberine Alkaloids , Coptis , Chemistry , Classification , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1462-1465, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323101

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the tumor invasion and metastasis inhibition effects of the immunoconjugate composed of lidamycin and anti-type IV collagenase monoclonal antibody Fab' fragment. Boyden chamber assay was used to evaluate the influence of Fab'-LDM on HT-1080 cells invasion ability, gelatinase spectrum was used to measure the change of invasion factor MMP-2 and MMP-9's secretion, and RT-PCR was adopted to determine TIMP-1 mRNA expression level. The immunoconjugate inhibition of tumor in situ metastasis was also tested in nude mice. The Fab'-LDM conjugates had dose-dependent inhibition effect on HT-1080 cells' invasion. At the concentrations of 5 and 10 nmol L(-1), the Fab'-LDM inhibited the invasion by (60 +/- 12) % and (79 +/- 11) % respectively. At the concentration of 5 and 10 nmol L(-1), the Fab'-LDM inhibited the secretion of MMP-2 by (42 +/- 8) % and (54 +/- 6) % and that of MMP-9 by (57 +/- 3) % and (87 +/- 1) %, respectively. RT-PCR indicated that conjugates increased the anti-invasion factor TIMP-1 level. The in vivo experiment showed that, compared with the control group, the tumor inhibition rate in Fab', Fab'-LDM, and LDM group equaled to (30 +/- 13) %, (86 +/- 26) %, (74 +/- 22) % respectively. In conclusion, Fab'-LDM could inhibit the invasion and metastasis of tumor and it might be a new tumor biotherapy agent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Aminoglycosides , Pharmacology , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Pharmacology , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line, Tumor , Enediynes , Pharmacology , Fibrosarcoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Immunoconjugates , Pharmacology , Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments , Pharmacology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Allergy and Immunology , Bodily Secretions , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Allergy and Immunology , Bodily Secretions , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Transplantation , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Burden
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