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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 83-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969952

ABSTRACT

To deepen the understanding of the acupoint indications, clarify the targeting of acupoints, and provide a basis for the composition of acupuncture prescriptions, it is suggested to add acupoint identification into the textbook Meridians and Acupoints, and a preliminary assumption that relevant acupoints can be identified by taking the indications, locations, and meridians as the key points is proposed. In this paper, acupoints for treating stomach disease, acupoints of eye region, and five-shu points of lung meridian are taken as examples, combined with ancient literature and modern scientific research achievements, the main indications of acupoint is identified, which is of great significance to the discipline's development, talent training, and achievement transformation.


Subject(s)
Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of relationship between the expression of miRNA181a-5p and imbalance of Treg/Th17 in the pathogenesis of primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP), which contributes to clarify the mechanism of T cell immune imbalance in ITP patients.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood was collected from 37 ITP patients, concluding 21 untreated patients and 16 effectively treated patients, and 19 healthy controls; Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated and the expression of miRNA181a-5p and Notch1 was analyzed by RT-PCR. The proportion of Th17 subsets and Treg cells in the peripheral circulation was detected by flow cytometer (FCM). Clinical data of ITP group was collected, including age, platelet count and disease course.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly decreased in ITP group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly higher than that of ITP group (P<0.05), but still significantly lower than that of healthy control group (P<0.01); The expression of Notch1 was significantly increased in ITP group and effectively treated group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in proportion of Treg cells in ITP group, effectively treated group and healthy control group (P>0.05). The proportion of Th17 subsets in ITP group was significantly increased than that of healthy control group (P<0.05), while the ratio of Treg/Th17 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the expression of miR-181a-5p and ratio of Treg/Th17 in ITP group (r=0.555).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-181a-5p is significantly decreased in ITP patients, which is closely related to the imbalance of Treg/Th17 cells. After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p can be significantly corrected, but still failed to reach the level of healthy people. While the expression of Notch1 is significantly increased in ITP patients, and could not reach the level of healthy people after effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1565-1573, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929449

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoints (ICs) are immunosuppressive molecules expressed on immune cells, which can regulate immune cells' activation. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) which can block the interaction of immune checkpoints and their ligands, improve the cytotoxic effect of the immune system on tumor cells. Immunotherapy such as employing ICIs has gradually become a conventional therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. However, the low response rate and the emergence of drug resistance have seriously affected the clinical efficacy of ICIs. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are electronic reduction products of active oxygen, as well as natural by-products of cell metabolism, which can be used as regulators of intercellular signals. Tumor microenvironment (TME) is often in the state of oxidative stress (OS), which is the imbalance between oxidative system and antioxidant system. ROS can affect the interaction with its ligands by regulating the expression and activity of immune checkpoints in TME, thus affecting the anti-tumor effect of immune cells. Accumulating studies have shown that ROS could regulate tumor immune checkpoints through several pathways. Due to different types and stages of tumor, it would be clinical beneficial to understand the mechanistic link of ROS on tumor immune checkpoint, and choose appropriate ROS regulators combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors to maximize anti-tumor effects. This article reviews the common metabolic sources and characteristics of ROS, the regulatory effect and mechanism of ROS on tumor immune checkpoints and its therapeutic application.

4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 402-409, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) on NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD).@*METHODS@#A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, an HIBD group, and an AS-IV treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. After 24 hours of modeling, brain tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin staining, yo-PRO-1 staining, and EthD-2 immunofluorescent staining in order to observe the cerebral protection effect of AS-IV in vivo. HT22 cells were used to prepare a model of oxygen-glycogen deprivation (OGD), and a concentration gradient (50-400 μmol/L) was established for AS-IV. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the viability of HT22 cells. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to observe the effect of different concentrations of AS-IV on the mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, gasdermin D (GSDMD), caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β).@*RESULTS@#Yo-Pro-1 and EthD-2 staining showed that compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had an increase in pyroptotic cells with a small number of necrotic cells, and the AS-IV group had reductions in both pyroptotic and necrotic cells. Compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had significantly higher protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1β, caspase-1, and GSDMD (@*CONCLUSIONS@#AS-IV may alleviate HIBD in neonatal rats by inhibiting the expression of NLRP3, GSDMD, caspase-1, and IL-1β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/drug therapy , Inflammasomes , NLR Proteins , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins , Triterpenes
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3277-3284, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906848

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of tanshinone IIA (TanIIA) on the occurrence and development of breast cancer, we employed the mouse mammary tumor virus-polyomavirus middle T antigen (MMTV-PyMT) transgenic mice as a spontaneous breast cancer mouse model. Animal welfare and experimental procedures were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The animals were divided into control group, low-dose TanIIA treatment group (30 mg·kg-1·day-1), and high-dose TanIIA treatment group (60 mg·kg-1·day-1). The treatment was administered orally and daily for 5 weeks. The mice were sacrificed after final treatment. Mammary gland and lung were collected for histopathology studies. We evaluated the chemoprophylaxis effect of TanIIA on breast cancer in mice according to the pathological characteristics of breast cancer at different stages of development. Immunofluorescence staining were employed for blood vessel analysis. The expression levels of E-cadherin, proliferating nuclear antigen (PCNA), and oncogene c-Myc were detected by immunohistochemistry. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and Cytoscape was used to construct drug-disease protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Our results showed that TanIIA inhibits breast tumor progression by delaying malignancy from adenoma to early carcinoma, and inhibits blood vessel formation during tumor development. TanIIA (60 mg·kg-1·day-1) inhibits the expression levels of PCNA and c-Myc, upregulates the expression of E-cadherin. In addition, cell cycle experiments showed that the cell cycle of PyMT primary mammary cells in the high-dose TanIIA group was arrested in the G0/G1 phase. Our study demonstrated that TanIIA can significantly inhibit breast tumor progression in MMTV-PyMT mouse model, which may be related to the inhibition of angiogenic switch and cell cycle arrest.

6.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 10-15, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824945

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) of different frequencies on transmission function, electromyography, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) content and interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) expression of colon in rat models with slow transit constipation (STC). Methods: Of the 50 healthy male Wistar rats, 10 were randomly selected as a normal group and fed with ordinary diet, and the remaining 40 rats were fed with the diet added with the compound diphenoxylate at a dose of 8 mg/(kg·bw) each day for continuous 120 d. The 40 successfully established STC rat models were randomly divided into a model group, a low-frequency EA group (2 Hz), a high-frequency EA group (100 Hz), and a variable-frequency EA group (2 Hz/100 Hz), with 10 rats in each group. Rats in the normal and the model groups were not given any treatment; the low-frequency EA and the high-frequency EA groups were given EA at Tianshu (ST 25), Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhigou (TE 6) with continuous wave at the designated frequency, and the variable-frequency EA group received sparse-dense wave (2 Hz/100 Hz) EA at the same acupoints, once a day for a total of 15 d. After treatment, the colonic transmission function, electromyography, NOS content and ICC expression (calculated by the difference in the area of the C-kit positive cells) of the rats in each group were measured. Results: For the colonic transmission function, compared with the normal group, the first black stool excretion durations of rats in the other groups were significantly prolonged (all P<0.05); compared with the model group, the first black stool excretion durations of rats in the three EA groups were significantly shortened (all P<0.05), which was significantly shorter in the variable-frequency EA group than in the low-frequency EA and high-frequency EA groups (both P<0.05). For the colonic electromyography, compared with the normal group, the amplitude was significantly increased and the frequency was accelerated in rats of the other groups (all P<0.05); compared with the model group, the amplitude was significantly reduced and the frequency was slowed down in the three EA groups (both P<0.05); compared with the low-frequency EA and the high-frequency EA groups, the amplitude was reduced and the frequency was significantly reduced in rats of the variable-frequency EA group (both P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the colonic NOS contents were significantly increased in the other groups (all P<0.05); compared with the model group, the NOS contents were significantly reduced in the three EA groups (all P<0.05); compared with the low-frequency EA and the high-frequency EA groups, the content was significantly reduced in the variable-frequency EA group (all P<0.05). For the area of rat colonic C-kit-positive cells, compared with the normal group, the areas were significantly reduced in rats of other groups (all P<0.05); compared with the model group, the areas were increased significantly in the three EA groups (all P<0.05); compared with the low-frequency EA group, the area was increased significantly in the variable-frequency EA group (P<0.05). Conclusion: EA, especially EA at the 2 Hz/100 Hz variable-frequency, has a positive treatment effect on the STC model rats. It may improve rats' colonic function by regulating the electromyography, NOS content and ICC expression of colon.

7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 364-371, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817789

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the role of ER stress and PUMA in 5-FU-induced liver cells injury and apoptosis.【Methods】We established 5-FU-induced liver injury models by intraperitoneally injecting the isodose 5-FU to 10 PUMA knockout mice(PUMA-KO)and 20 PUMA Wild type mice(PUMA-WT). Meanwhile,10 WT mice were intraperitoneally injected with 4-Phenylbutyric acid,the ER stress inhibitor. In the control group,10 KO mice and 20 WT mice were given the same amount of normal saline.After the modeling,serum and liver tissues of the mice were collected to assess the degree of liver pathological injury,measure the expression levels of ALT and AST in serum,and detect the expression levels of PUMA and GRP78 in liver tissues. The changes of these indicators in different treatment groups were observed and compared.【Results】Compared with the WT control group,serum ALT and AST levels were significantly increased in the 5-FU group,H&E staining showed punctate focal necrosis,accompanied by hemorrhage and inflammation. TUNEL staining showed apoptotic cells were markedly added(Z = 3.78,P < 0.001),and expressions of PUMA and GRP78 were obviously augmented,suggesting that both PUMA and ER stress were involved in 5-FU-induced liver cells injury and apoptosis. Then,in the 4-PBA group,we found that the expression levels of GRP78 and PUMA were down-regulated,and apoptosis of liver cells was reduced under the same dose of 5-FU(χ~2= 32.99,Z = 3.78,P <0.001),further confirming that both PUMA and ER stress were involved in this process. Subsequently,it was found that,when induced by the same dose of 5-FU,cleaved caspase-3 staining showed that the liver apoptosis signal of the PUMA knockout mice was lower than the WT mice(χ~2= 33.99,Z = 3.78,P < 0.001),but the difference in the expression of GRP78 between the two groups was not statistically significant. In summary,the expression of PUMA was reduced and the apoptosis of liver cells was attenuated after the inhibition of ER stress;PUMA knockdown could not influence the activation of ER stress but alleviated apoptosis of liver cells.【Conclusions】PUMA mediates ER stress-up-regulated liver cells apoptosis in 5-FU-induced Chemotherapeutic liver injury.

8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 439-444, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the associations between the family history of rheumatic diseases and clinical features in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).@*METHODS@#In total, eight hundred and ninety patients with RA were enrolled. The demographic and clinical data were collected, including gender, age, height, body weight, age of disease onset, history of smoking and drinking, family history of rheumatic diseases, clinical and laboratory features, pain and global visual analogue scale (VAS), and multi-dimensional health assessment questionnaire (MDHAQ). Finally, 803 patients were completed the dataset and were included in the study.@*RESULTS@#In this cohort, the male/female ratio was 1:3.5, and the age of onset was (45.09±14.50) years. A total of 123 (15.32%) patients were accompanied with family history of rheumatic diseases, including RA, spondyloarthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis. The percentages of first degree, second degree and both first and second degree relatives were 91 (73.98%), 22 (17.89%), and 10 (8.13%) respectively. The most common disease was RA (70.73%), followed by other rheumatic diseases (21.95%), and RA combined with other rheumatic diseases (7.32%). The clinical and laboratory characteristics were compared between the patients with and without family history. The onset-age of the subjects was significantly different between those with and without family history of rheumatic diseases (39.97 ±13.68 vs. 46.01±14.46; P<0.01), which meant that the onset-age in patients with family history was 6.04 years earlier than that in patients without family history. The patients with family history had higher positive rate of rheumatoid factor (RF) compared with those without family history (78.48% vs. 66.67%, P<0.05). By adjusting with gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking and alcohol drinking, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody and RF level, the age at disease onset in the patients with family history was 4.54 years earlier than that in the patients without family history (β=-4.54; 95%CI:-8.70, -0.38; P<0.05). Further hierarchical regression analysis showed that, the age at onset of the RA patients with family history was 10.02 years earlier than that without family history among the smoking patients (β= -10.02; 95%CI:-17.60, -2.43; P=0.01), while the age at onset of the RA patients with family history was 3.27 years earlier than that without family history among the never smoking patients (β=-3.27; 95%CI:-8.37, 1.82; P=0.21).@*CONCLUSION@#The family history of rheumatic diseases is a risk factor for early onset of RA, and may interact with smoking.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Autoantibodies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Peptides, Cyclic , Rheumatic Diseases , Rheumatoid Factor
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 673-678, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature regarding wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy by data mining technology, and the dominant diseases of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy were summarized to provide reference for evaluation of specificity effect of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy.@*METHODS@#The journal articles regarding wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy from the CNKI, WANFANG, and VIP since January 1, 1975 to December 31, 2017, and the medical cases regarding wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy in - and were retrieved. Based on the disease types of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy in the journal articles and medical cases, the association rules method of data mining technology was applied to calculate frequent itemsets. The self-developed database platform for wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy was used to extract and summarize the information to explore the rules of clinical application.@*RESULTS@#The scope of disease involved a total of 7 disease entities in the literature regarding wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy. In the journal articles, there were 83 disease types and the most common surgical diseases were soft tissue injury and periarthritis of shoulder, the frequency were 34 and 24 times respectively. The total effective rates of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy were 92.74% in internal medicine, 91.39% in surgery, 91.51% in gynecology, 90.88% in dermatology, 96.20% in pediatric, 89.05% in ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology and 88.78% in psychiatry. In the medical cases of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy, there were 118 disease types and the most common diseases were pain and syndrome, herpes zoster was also a common disease. Psychiatric diseases used more wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy, and the common diseases were anxiety and mania.@*CONCLUSION@#Wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy is widely used in treatment of clinical diseases and has significant therapeutic effects. It is mostly used in the treatment of surgery, internal medicine (neurology particularly), dermatology (herpes zoster particularly). Besides, the wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy is also applicable in the treatment of diseases of ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology, gynecology, pediatric and psychiatry.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Ankle , Ankle Joint , Data Mining , Wrist
10.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 693-698, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702799

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe serum osteoprotegerin (OPG),receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANKL) levels and the therapeutic effect of Rong Huang granules of patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease mineral and bone metabolism disorder (CKD-MBD) and kidney deficiency damp heat syndrome.Methods:70 cases of non-dialysis CKD-MBD with kidney deficiency damp heat syndrome,were randomly divided into treatment group and control group,the actual completion of 61 cases,30 cases in treatment group,31 cases in the control group;and a healthy normal group of 20 cases of patients was established.Two groups of patients were given symptomatic treatment,in addition,Rong Huang granules was plused in treating at treatment group and it was used three times a day,each time blunt one bag.The course of treatment was 8 weeks.The changes of kidney deficiency damp heat syndrome,blood urea nitrogen (BUN),serum creatinine (Scr),estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR),serum of calcium (Ca),phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP),parathyroid hormone (iPTH),OPG and RANKL levels were observed in two groups of patients.Results:The total effective rate in treatment group was significantly better than the control group(P<0.01).The integral value of syndrome decreased more significantly with the course of treatment increased of two groups of patients(P<0.01).Compared with the same period of therapy,the descender in the treatment group was significantly better than that in the control group(P<0.01).The levels of BUN, Scr,eGFR,Ca,P,iPTH and ALP were improved in the treatment group after treatment(P<0.05 or P<0.01),BUN and iPTH were improved in the control group(P<0.05 or P<0.01),other indexes were not improved(P>0.05).After treatment,BUN,Scr,eGFR,Ca, P,iPTH,ALP of treatment group were significantly better than the control group(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Compared with the normal group,the levels of OPG and RANKL were significantly higher in CKD-MBD patients (P<0.01).After treatment,serum OPG level, serum RANKL level and OPG/RANKL ratio were significantly improved than before treatment in treatment group(P<0.05 or P<0.01),and in the control group,only the OPG/RANKL ratio increased(P<0.01).After treatment,OPG,RANKL and OPG/RANKL ratio in the treatment group were obviously improved compared with them in the control group(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Conclusion:The levels of OPG and RANKL in non-dialysis CKD-MBD patients with kidney deficiency damp heat syndrome were higher than those in healthy people,and the ratio of OPG/RANKL was lower than that in healthy people.Rong Huang granules can ameliorate clinical symptoms,prevent calcium and phosphorus metabolism,improve renal function,the mechanism may be related to the ameliorate of serum OPG and the decrease of serum RANKL level and the raise of ratio of OPG/RANKL.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2005-2010, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698650

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and naringin can both promote proliferation and induce osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. However, their combined use is rarely reported. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of PRP combined with naringin on the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(hBMSCs)in vitro. METHODS: BMSCs at passage 3 were divided into four groups: (1) blank control group, cells were cultured in α-MEM; (2) PRP group, cells were cultured in α-MEM containing PRP; (3) naringin group, cells were cultured in α-MEM containing naringin; and (4) combined group, cells were cultured in α-MEM containing PRP and naringin. The contents of used PRP and naringin were 12.5% and 50 μg/L respectively. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. Expression of related genes in hBMSCs was detected by RT-PCR. Alkaline phosphatase staining, collagen type I immunohistochemical staining, and alizarin red staining were used to analyze the osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The proliferation of hBMSCs was increased in each group, especially in the combined group. Cells in all the groups except the blank control group were positive for alkaline phosphatase staining, collagen type I immunohistochemical staining, and alizarin red staining, and the positive effect was more obvious in the combined group. However, negative or weakly positive response was found in the blank control group. At 7 and 14 days, the expression of alkaline phosphatase and collagen type I was significantly higher in the PRP, naringin and combined groups than the blank control group (P < 0.05); at 14 days, the expression of alkaline phosphatase and collagen type I was significantly higher in the combined group than the PRP and naringin groups (P < 0.05). To conclude, PRP combined with naringin can promote the proliferation of hBMSCs and induce the osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs. Moreover, there is a synergistic effect between PRP and naringin.

12.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 42-45, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696204

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and clinical significance of amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS)in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation in lung adenocarcinoma.Methods Collected 566 specimens of lung adenocarcinomia in pathology from Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to August 2016.As the research object,which included 34 cases of pleural cell specimens,401 cases of lung biopsy specimens and surgical specimens from 131 patients with ARMS to complete the above specimens EGFR gene mutation detection,analysis of EGFR gene mutations associated with non-small cell lung cancer patients clinical data.Results Among 566 cases of lung cancer specimens,the EGFR mutation rate of 239 cases of patients with smoking had no obvious correlation with age,gender and surgical methods(P>0.05),but primary lung site was closely related (P<0.05),and EGFR mutation rate of 327 cases of patients with non smoking had no obvious correlation withage,sex,operation mode and primary lung site (P>0.05).Conclusion ARMS is an ideal method for the detection of EGFR gene mutation in non-small cell lung cancer.Smoking is a great influence on EGFR mutation rate in both lung tissue,and for right lung tissue is more dramatic.

13.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 355-359, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) of different frequencies on the expression levels of substance P (SP) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the colon of rats with slow transit constipation (STC).Methods:One hundred healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a normal group,a model group,a low-frequency EA group,a high-frequency EA group and a variable-frequency EA group,with 20 rats in each group.The rats in the normal group were fed with normal diet.The rats in the other groups were fed with phenethylpiperidine in the diet at a dose of 8 mg/(kg·bw) per day,for 120 d,to establish the STC model.Rats in the normal group and the model group did not receive any treatment;rats in the low-frequency EA group were treated with 2 Hz continuous wave EA,rats in the high-frequency EA group were treated with 100 Hz continuous wave EA,and rats in the variable-frequency EA group were treated with 2 Hz/100 Hz sparse-dense EA.The current intensity of the EA was determined by the slight vibration of the rat limbs without painful screaming.The intervention was performed once a day,15 min/time for continuous 15 d.After treatment,the intestinal transit function and the expression levels of SP and VIP in the colon of the rats in each group were determined.Results:After treatment,the defecation duration of the first dark stool in the model group was significantly longer than that in the normal group (P<0.05);the defecation durations of the first dark stool in the low-frequency EA group,high-frequency EA group and variable-frequency EA group were significantly shorter than the duration in the model group (all P<0.05);compared with the low-frequency EA group,the first dark stool defecation duration of rats in the variable-frequency EA group was significantly shorter (P<0.05);compared with the normal group,the SP and VIP expression levels in the colon of the model group were significantly decreased (both P<0.01);the SP and VIP expression levels in the colon of the low-frequency EA group,the high-frequency EA group and the variable-frequency EA group were significantly higher than those in the model group (all P<0.05);compared with the high-frequency EA group,the SP expression levels in the colon in the low-frequency EA group and the variable-frequency EA group were significantly increased (both P<0.05);compared with the low-frequency EA group,the VIP expression levels in the colon in the high-frequency EA group and the variable-frequency EA group were significantly increased (both P<0.05).Conclusion:EA improves the intestinal function of STC model rats by regulating the expression levels of SP and VIP in rat colon.The EA stimulation with 100 Hz continuous wave,2 Hz/100 Hz sparse-dense wave shows a better improvement in the colonic transit function in STC rats,followed by 2 Hz continuous wave.

14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 600-605, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691388

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the renal protective effect of Tangshenkang Granule () in a rat model of diabetic nephropathy (DN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, DN, Tangshenkang and benazepril groups. DN model was established in the rats of DN, Tangshenkang and benazepril groups. Tangshenkang Granule solution and benazepril hydrochloride solution were intragastrically administered daily to the rats in the Tangshenkang and benazepril groups for 8 weeks, respectively. Urinary albumin and creatinine were detected. The albumin/creatinine (ACR) was calculated in addition to 24 h urinary protein (24-h UPr), serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and creatinine clearance rate (Ccr). Right kidneys were harvested for pathological observation using periodic acid-silver methenamine-Masson staining. The average glomerular diameter (DG), average glomerular (AG) and mesangial areas (AM) were measured. The thickness of glomerular basement membrane (TGBM) was detected using transmission electron microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with rats in the control group, rats in the DN group showed significantly decreased body weight, increased hypertrophy index, 24-h urinary volume, 24-h UPr, ACR, Scr, BUN, Ccr, blood lipids as well as renal pathological indices including DG, AG, AM, AM/AG and TGBM (P <0.05). Compared with the DN group, the weights of rats in the Tangshenkang and benazepril groups were significantly increased, and the renal hypertrophy indices were significantly decreased (P <0.05). The 24-h urinary volumes, ACR, 24-h UPr, Scr, BUN, Ccr, LDL, DG, AG, AM and TGBM were obviously decreased (P <0.05). Compared with the benazepril group, the Tangshenkang group showed significantly decreased levels of ACR, 24-h UPr, AG and AM (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Tangshenkang Granule decreased the urinary protein, attenuated the high glomerular filtration rate and improved lipid metabolism in DN rats, and prevented further injury induced by diabetic nephropathy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Albuminuria , Basement Membrane , Metabolism , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Body Weight , Creatinine , Blood , Urine , Diabetic Nephropathies , Blood , Drug Therapy , Urine , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hypertrophy , Kidney Function Tests , Kidney Glomerulus , Pathology , Lipid Metabolism , Lipids , Blood , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1355-1359, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689931

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the soluble B7-H4 (sB7-H4) expression in serum and lymphoma tissues of patients with malignant lymphoma (ML) and its value for diagnosis and re-examination lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The serum samples from 83 cases of ML were collected, among them 69 cases of newly diagnosed ML were enrolled in group A including 11 cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL group) and 58 cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL group), the serum samples from 14 cases of relapsed ML were enrolled in group B; at the same time the serum samples of 50 healthy persons conformed by physical examination were collected and enrolled in control group. The double antibody sandwich ELISA was used to detect the serum level of sB7-H4 in each group, and immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the expression of sB7-H4 in malignant lymphoma and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia tissues.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum level of sB7-H4 in the group A was significantly increased in comparison with the group B and control group, and the level of group B was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05); the serum level of sB7-H4 in the NHL group was significantly increased in comparison with HL group and control group, and the level of HL group was higher than that of control group (P<0.05). The expression of sB7-H4 in reactive lymphoid hyperplasia tissues was negative, but the positive expression rate in malignant lymphoma tissues was 47.50%, suggesting the positive rate of sB7-H4 in malignant lymphoma tissues was significantly higher than that of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia tissues (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The high expression of sB7-H4 in serum and lymphoma tissues of patients with malignant lymphoma has a certain value for the diagnosis and re-examination of patients with malignant lymphoma.</p>

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 61-68, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential effect of relaxin family peptide receptor 1( RXFP1) in the process of silica-induced silicosis. METHODS: Sixty-four specific pathogen free male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group and experimental group. By one time intratracheal infusion,rats in experimental group were treated with 0. 1 m L 500 g / L silica dust suspension while the control group was treated with 0. 1 m L sodium chloride physiological solution. Eight rats from each group were sacrificed on day 1,7,14 and 28 after exposure. Histopathologic changes of the lung tissue were performed with hematoxylin-eosin staining. The expressions of Rxfp1 mRNA and RXFP1 protein in rat lungs were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining,respectively. RESULTS: After 28 days of exposure,the grey nodules were observed by naked eye in the lung of the experimental group. The fracture and silicotic nodules could be seen in alveolar interval with light microscope. Compared with the control group,the Rxfp1 mRNA relative expression level in the lungs of experimental group was increased to 145% after 1 day of exposure( P < 0. 01),followed by a decrease on day 7 and 14 and reached similar level of control group( P > 0. 05). By day 28,it dropped to45% of control group( P < 0. 01). The RXFP1 protein relative expression in experimental group was significantly up-regulated since the 7th day compared to that of the control group( P < 0. 01). And it reached to the highest level on the28 th day( P < 0. 01). CONCLUSION: The RXFP1 might play an important role in inhibiting silicosis.

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 257-260, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337213

ABSTRACT

Through computer-based technology and data mining method, with treatment in cases of bloodletting acupuncture therapy in collected literature as sample data, the association rule in data mining was applied. According to self-built database platform, the data was input, arranged and summarized, and eventually required data was acquired to perform the data mining of bleeding volume and method in blood-letting acupuncture therapy, which summarized its application rules and clinical values to provide better guide for clinical practice. There were 9 kinds of blood-letting tools in the literature, in which the frequency of three-edge needle was the highest, accounting for 84.4% (1239/1468). The bleeding volume was classified into six levels, in which less volume (less than 0.1 mL) had the highest frequency (401 times). According to the results of the data mining, blood-letting acupuncture therapy was widely applied in clinical practice of acupuncture, in which use of three-edge needle and less volume (less than 0.1 mL) of blood were the most common, however, there was no central tendency in general.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Bloodletting , Methods , Data Mining , Databases, Factual
18.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 406-412, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251688

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expressions of FOXC1 and matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP-7) in different molecular subtypes of breast cancer and their association with clinicopathological characteristics of the disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on immunohistochemical results of ER, PR, HER2, CK5/6, CK14 and EGFR, 105 breast cancer patients were classified as 4 subtypes: luminal, HER2 positive, basal-like subtype (BLs) and normal breast-like subtype (NBLs). The association of FOXC1 and MMP-7 expressions with clinicopathological parameters in different molecular subtypes was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of 105 patients with breast cancer, the subtypes of luminal, HER2 positive, BLs and NBLs accounted for 52.4% (55/105), 16.2% (17/105), 17.1%(18/105) and 14.3% (15/105), respectively. Patients with luminal and/or NBLs subtypes had significantly higher 5-year survival rate than those with HER2 positive and/or BLs did (log-rank=22.161, P<0.01). The overall positive expression rate of FOXC1 was 26.7% (28/105) and the expression was higher in BLs patients than that in other subgroups (χ²=30.108, P<0.01). The expression of FOXC1 was correlated with histological grade, tumor size, distant metastasis and 5-year survival rate of breast cancer. The overall positive expression rate of MMP-7 was 67.6% (71/105) and the expression of MMP-7 was also higher in BLs patients than that in other molecular subtypes (χ²=11.328, P<0.05). The positive expression of MMP-7 was correlated with metastasis in ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes, distant metastasis and 5-year survival rate of the patients. FOXC1 was correlated with MMP-7 (r=0.325, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with luminal and/or NBLs breast cancer have more favorable prognosis than those with HER2 positive and/or BLs subtypes. The expressions of FOXC1 and MMP-7 are closely correlated with the clinicopathological features of breast cancer patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Classification , Diagnosis , Pathology , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 7 , Metabolism , Prognosis
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 879-883, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318446

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the specific efficacy of different moxibustion techniques in treatment of common diseases and clinical indications, and compare the specificity in clinical indications and efficacy among different moxibustion techniques so as to guide clinical practice better.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The modern computerization and data mining technology were adopted to set up moxibustion literature database. The relevant literature of moxibustion techniques in recent 60 years were collected, screened, examined, extracted and analyzed statistically so as to explore the advantages of different moxibustion techniques in clinical treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Of 2,516 literature, moxa stick, moxe cone and moxa device were used in the highest frequency in internal medicine department, for 730 times, 278 times and 102 times respectively. The warm needling technique was used in the highest frequency, for 70 times in the surgical department. (2) In the dermatology department, the curative rate with moxa cone was the highest, 75%. In the ear-nose-throat department, the warm needing technique and moxa device achieved the highest curative rate, 49% for both of them. In the internal medicine department and surgical department, the curative rate of warm needling technique was 53% and 58% respectively. In the gynecology department, the curative rate of moxa device was the highest, 59%. In the pediatrics department, the curative rate of moxa cone was the highest, 80%. (3) The numbers of priority disorders, frequency ≥20 times: 24 kinds of disease for moxa stick, five kinds of disease for moxa cone, 2 kinds of disease for warm needling technqiue and one disorder for moxa device. Facial paralysis, diarrhea, lumbar and leg pain and elbow and knee swelling pain were of the highest priority, treated with these 4 moxibustion techniques, with a certain of literature research values. (4) The warm needling technique achieved the better efficacy on elbow and knee swelling pain, lumbar and leg pain and diarrhea compared with the other three techniques and the curative rate was higher. The moxa device tecnique achieved the higher curative rate for facial paralysis compared with the other three techniques.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Through the comparison of application frequency, curative rate, clinical application frequency in disorders and the efficacy of priority disorders in the treatment with different moxibustion techniques, it is found that moxa stick, moxa cone and moxa device are simple in manipulation, safe and effective. Hence, they can be extensively used in the treatment of common disorders in every department in clinic. The warm needling technique acts on the body by the co-work of needling and warming stimulation of mugwort. It achieves the particular effect on the disorders with complicated etiologies compared with the other three techniques. It can be chosen in priority for the disorders caused by blockage in meridian and collateral and stagnation of qi and blood.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Trials as Topic , Data Mining , Meridians , Moxibustion , Methods , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1093-1097, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307736

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the specificity of diseases treated by moxibustion and fire needling in clinical practice, so as to provide references for clinical treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With data mining of modern computer technique, journal and literature databases regarding moxibustion and fire needling were established, respectively. Literature regarding moxibustion and fire needling for the past 60 years has been collected, screened, included, reviewed and abstracted. The utility rate of moxibustion and fire needling in each department was calculated, frequency of diseases in clinical practice was summarized, and diseases which had differences in clinical practice in each department were screened; also the advantages of disease categories and clinical practice between two kinds of therapies in each department were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The utility rate of moxibustion was highest in department of internal medicine and surgery, which were 43.6% and 28.1%, respectively; the utility rate of fire needling was highest in surgery and dermatological department, which were 53.7% and 23.8%, respectively. (2) According to the comparison and analysis on diseases treated by two therapies in clinic, among 26 kinds of gynecology diseases that were treated by moxibustion, 20 kinds were not involved with fire needling; among 22 kinds of pediatrics diseases that were treated by moxibustion, 20 kinds were not involved with fire needling. It was certain that the difference of the two therapies in clinical application was more significant in gynecology and pediatrics than that in the rest four departments. (3) Among the diseases which had differences in clinical practice in each department, the ones involved with moxibustion alone were insomnia, distention and fullness, consumptive fatigue in the department of internal medicine, blood-vessel Bi, stiff neck and hernia in surgery department, urticarial, skin Bi and skin cancer in dermatological department, malposition, infertility and amenorrhea in gynecology department, diarrhea, indigestion and stomachache in pediatrics department, blepharoptosis, blurred vision and dryness syndrome in ENT department; the ones involved with fire needling alone were numbness, coldness syndrome and acute renal colic in the department of internal medicine, lipoma, soft tissue injury and papilloma in surgery department, bromhidrosis, freckle and erysipelas in dermatological department, uterine fibroid in gynecology department, umbilical polyp in pediatrics department, auricle pseudocyst, starred nebula and phlegmatic mass in ENT department.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Moxibustion is frequently applied in department of internal medicine and surgery, while fire needling is frequently used in surgery and dermatological department; the application of moxibustion is broader than that of fire needling in gynecology and pediatrics department. Among the diseases which have differences in clinical practice in each department, moxibustion is commonly seen for clinical symptoms featured with deficiency syndrome, while fire needling is commonly applied for the diseases that have obvious local symptoms.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Clinical Trials as Topic , Data Mining , Moxibustion , Methods
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