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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of electroacupuncture based on transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on wakefulness for consciousness disorder. Methods:From January, 2015 to October, 2019, 30 inpatients with consciousness disorder from the General Hospital of Western Theater Command were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and observetion group (n = 15), Both groups received TMS, and the observetion group received electroacupuncture at Baihui (GV20), Shenting (GV24), bilateral Neiguan (PC6) bilateral Hegu (LI4) and bilateral Yongquan (KI1) in addition, for three months. They were tested the latency of the mismatch negativity (MMN), and assessed with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and persistent vegetative state (PVS) score before, and one month and three months after treatment. Results:The latency of MMN decreased more in the observetion group than in the control group three months after treatment (t = 2.159, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Combination of electroacupuncture on TMS is more effective on wakefulness for consciousness disorder.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of genus-level gut microbiome in patients with spinal cord injury and its significance in clinical rehabilitation. Methods:Fecal samples were collected from 23 patients with spinal cord injury (patients group) and 21 healthy volunteers (control group). Gut microbiome was detected by 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. Bioinformatics methods such as species composition analysis and Random Forest were used to analyze the distribution and difference of genus-level gut microbiome between two groups. Results:Compared with the control group, the increased important marker genera in the patients group were as follows: UBA1819, Ruminiclostridium 9, Ruminococcaceae NK4A214 group, Ruminococcus 2, Ruminococceae UCG-005, Ruminiclostridium 5, Flavonifractor belonging to Ruminococceae; Aglistes, dgA-11 gut group, Rikenaceae RC9 gut group belonging to Rikenellaceae; [Eubacterium] oxidoreducens group belonging to Lachnospiraceae; Intestinibacter belonging to Peptostreptococcaceae; Escherichia-Shigella belonging to Enterobacteriaceae; Tannerellaceae belonging to Parabacteroides (|U| > 1.962, P < 0.05). The decreased marker genera in the patients group was Fusobacterium of Fusobacteriaceae (|U| = -2.284, P < 0.05). Conclusion:There are significant differences of gut microbiome in spinal cord injury patients. The relative abundance of Ruminococcaceae relating to depression, Ruminococcus relating to central nervous system diseases, and enteropathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia-Shigella and Erysipelothrix increase; and the relative abundance of butyrate-producing bacteria and anti-inflammatory bacteria benefitting to the intestine decrease; which may play a role in clinic.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776893

ABSTRACT

Resistance to cisplatin (DDP)-based chemotherapy is a major cause of treatment failure in human gastric cancer (GC). It is necessary to identify the drugs to re-sensitize GC cells to DDP. In our previous research, Zuo Jin Wan Formula (ZJW) has been proved could increase the mitochondrial apoptosis via cofilin-1 in a immortalized cell line, SGC-7901/DDP. Due to the immortalized cells may still difficult highly recapitulate the important molecular events in vivo, primary GC cells model derived from clinical patient was constructed in the present study to further evaluate the effect of ZJW and the underlying molecular mechanism. Immunofluorescent staining was used to indentify primary cultured human GC cells. Western blotting was carried out to detect the protein expression. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to evaluate cell proliferation. Flow cytometry analysis was performed to assess cell apoptosis. ZJW inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in primary DDP-resistant GC cells. Notably, the apoptosis in GC cells was mediated by inducing cofilin-1 mitochondrial translocation, down-regulating Bcl-2 and up-regulating Bax expression. Surprisingly, the level of p-AKT protein was higher in DDP-resistant GC cells than that of the DDP-sensitive GC cells, and the activation of AKT could attenuate ZJW-induced sensitivity to DDP. These data revealed that ZJW can increase the chemosensitivity in DDP-resistant primary GC cells by inducing mitochondrial apoptosis and AKT inactivation. The combining chemotherapy with ZJW may be an effective therapeutic strategy for GC chemoresistance patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cofilin 1 , Metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777463

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the inhibitory effect of eight natural flavonoids in Chinese herb Scutellariae Radix on huamn cytochrome P450 1 A(CYP1 A), a key cancer chemo-preventive target. In this study, phenacetin was used as a probe substrate for CYP1 A, while human liver microsomes and recombinant human CYP1 A enzymes were used as enzyme sources. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to monitor the formation rates of acetaminophen, the O-deethylated metabolite of phenacetin. The dose-dependent inhibition curves were depicted based on the changes of the formation rates of acetaminophen, while the IC_(50) were determined. Inhibition kinetic analyses and docking simulations were used to investigate the inhibition modes and mechanism of wogonin(the most potent CYP1 A inhibitor in this herb), while the inhibition constants(K_i) of wogonin against both CYP1 A1 and CYP1 A2 were determined. Among all tested flavonoids, wogonin, 7-methoxyflavanone and oroxylin A displayed a strong inhibitory effect on CYP1 A(IC_(50)100 μmol·L~(-1)). Further investigations demonstrated that wogonin had a weak inhibitory effect on other human CYP enzymes, suggesting that it could be used as a lead compound for the development of specific inhibitors of CYP1 A. Furthermore, the inhibition kinetic analyses clearly demonstrated that wogonin could strongly inhibit phenacetin O-deethylation in both CYP1 A1 and CYP1 A2 in a competitive manner, with K_i values at 0.118 and 0.262 μmol·L~(-1), respectively. Molecular docking demonstrated that wogonin could strongly interact with CYP1 A1 and CYP1 A2 via hydrophobic and π-π interactions, as well as Ser120 and Ser116 in CYP1 A1 via hydrogen-bonding. In conclusion, this study found that some flavonoids in Scutellariae Radix displayed a strong inhibitory effect on CYP1 A, while wogonin is the most potent CYP1 A inhibitor with a relatively high selectivity towards CYP1 A over other human CYPs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Flavanones , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Scutellaria baicalensis , Chemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905724

ABSTRACT

With the deepening of microbial research in central nervous system diseases, the role of gut microbiota in spinal cord injury has also received extensive attention. At present, it is mainly focused on exploring the changes of gut microbiota after spinal cord injury and the potential effects of aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists, short-chain fatty acids and lipopolysaccharides produced by bacterial metabolism on secondary inflammation after injury, and it is recognized that gut microbiota or supplemental flora metabolites may be a potential pathway for the treatment of spinal cord injury.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1168-1170, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637816

ABSTRACT

?AIM: To explore the application of 25G vitreous cavity perfusion in phacoemulsification for cataract after vitrectomy.?METHODS:Forty-eight patients (50 eyes) with cataract after pars planavitrectomy in our hospital from September 2013 to September 2014 were selected to receive phacoemulsification and implantation of artificial lens with 25G vitreous cavity perfusion. Best corrected visual acuity ( BCVA ) , intraocular pressure ( IOP ) , postoperative discomfort, healing of scleral puncture and postoperative complications were observed.?RESULTS: All patients underwent surgery successfully. Compared to before operation, there was less patients with BCVA ≤0. 1, more patients with BCVA 0. 3-0. 5,>0. 5,>0. 3 (P0. 05). No obvious eye discomfort and severe complications after operation were observed.? CONCLUSION: The effect of 25G vitreous cavity perfusion in phacoemulsification for cataract after vitrectomy is good and it can maintain IOP, keep anterior chamber stable and decrease the complications risk.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312782

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the distribution laws of TCM syndrome types and to analyze the distribution of dynamic blood pressure curve, atherosclerosis, and age in senile hypertension patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 1 131 senile hypertension patients were recruited from 7 provinces and municipal cities. Features of TCM syndromes, classification and distribution curves, and syndrome distribution laws were observed. The distribution curves of dynamic blood pressure, carotid atherosclerosis, and age were compared in each TCM syndrome types.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were four main syndrome types in 736 cases (56.15%), i.e., excessive accumulation of phlegm-dampness syndrome (210 cases, 16.02%), yin deficiency and hyperactivity of yang syndrome (177 cases, 13.50%), Gan-Shen yin deficiency syndrome (79 cases, 6.03%), and deficiency of qi and yin syndrome (252 cases, 19.22%). Besides, there were two more sub-types, i.e., collateral obstruction by blood stasis syndrome and collateral obstruction by phlegm and stasis. Circadian blood pressure monitor was completed in 211 cases. Of them, abnormal circadian blood pressure occurred in 152 cases (accounting for 72. 38%); yin deficiency and hyperactivity of yang syndrome, excessive accumulation of phlegm-dampness syndrome, deficiency of qi and yin syndrome plus collateral obstruction by blood stasis syndrome were most often seen. Color ultrasound of carotid artery was performed in 660 patients of main syndromes. The incidence was quite higher in those of excessive accumulation of phlegm-dampness syndrome (182 cases, 27. 58%), deficiency of qi and yin syndrome plus collateral obstruction by blood stasis syndrome or collateral obstruction by phlegm and stasis (322 cases, 48.79%). Yin deficiency and hyperactivity of yang syndrome was dominant in patients 60 -79 years old, while deficiency of qi and yin syndrome and Gan-Shen yin deficiency syndrome were dominant in patients older than 80 years.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Excessive accumulation of phlegm-dampness syndrome, yin deficiency and hyperactivity of yang syndrome, Gan-Shen yin deficiency syndrome, and deficiency of qi and yin syndrome were main syndrome types in senile hypertension patients. There was statistical difference in the distribution curves of blood pressure, atherosclerosis, and age of various TCM syndrome types.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Atherosclerosis , Epidemiology , Biomedical Research , Blood Pressure , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi , Research Design , Risk Factors , Yin Deficiency , Epidemiology
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1087-1091, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268226

ABSTRACT

To develop a sensitive and rapid liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous quantitation of metformin and glipizide in human plasma, metformin, glipizide and internal standard diphenhydramine were separated from plasma by protein precipitation with acetonitrile (containing 0.3% formic acid), then chromatographed by using a Zorbax Extend C18 column. The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-water-formic acid (70:30: 0.3, v/v/v), at a flow rate of 0.50 mL x min(-1). A tandem mass spectrometer equipped with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source was used as detector and operated in the positive ion mode. Selected reaction monitoring (SRM) using the precursor/production combinations of m/z 130-->m/z 60, m/z 446-->m/z 321 and m/z 256-->m/z 167 were used to quantify metformin, glipizide and diphenhydramine, respectively. The linear concentration ranges of the calibration curves for metformin and glipizide were 2.00 - 2000 ng x mL(-1) and 1.00 - 1000 ng x mL(-1), respectively. The lower limits of quantitation of metformin and glipizide were 2.00 ng x mL(-1) and 1.00 ng x mL(-1), respectively. The method proved to be sensitive, simple and rapid, and suitable for clinical investigation of compound preparation containing metformin and glipizide.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Glipizide , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Male , Metformin , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Young Adult
9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 282-284, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352269

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate and re-evaluate the relationship between burn wound sepsis and tissue bacterial quantity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two patients admitted during past 5 years were enrolled in the study. Bacterial isolation and quantity in burn wound tissue were carried out. Meanwhile clinical signs were evaluated for the staging of burn wound sepsis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1) Bacterial invasion could be identified in 123 pieces of tissue samples from 32 patients. Samples with tissue bacterial quantity > or = 10(5)/g were found in 82 subeschar tissue samples, and 41 samples with bacteria <10(5)/g. Subeschar tissue samples with bacterial quantity > or = 10(5)/g could be determined in 68 samples from 18 patients, and < 10(5)/g in 20 samples from 5 cases. In addition, samples of subeschar tissue with bacterial quantity > or = 10(5)/g could only be found in some of the samples form 9 cases. 2) Burn wound sepsis could be classified into I-IV stages according to tissue bacterial quantification and clinical signs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Burn wound sepsis could be established by identification of bacterial invasion into living tissue with clinical symptoms of toxemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Burns , Diagnosis , Microbiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sepsis , Diagnosis , Microbiology , Young Adult
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