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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880327

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Prenatal stress can cause neurobiological and behavioral defects in offspring; environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the development of brain and behavioral; this study was designed to test and verify whether an enriched environment can repair learning and memory impairment in offspring rats induced by prenatal stress and to explore its mechanism involving the expression of insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2) and activity-regulated cytoskeletal-associated protein (Arc) in the hippocampus of the offspring.@*METHODS@#Rats were selected to establish a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model during pregnancy. Offspring were weaned on 21st day and housed under either standard or an enriched environment. The learning and memory ability were tested using Morris water maze and Y-maze. The expression of IGF-2 and Arc mRNA and protein were respectively measured by using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#There was an elevation in the plasma corticosterone level of rat model of maternal chronic stress during pregnancy. Maternal stress's offspring exposed to an enriched environment could decrease their plasma corticosterone level and improve their weight. The offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy exhibited abnormalities in Morris water maze and Y-maze, which were improved in an enriched environment. The expression of IGF-2, Arc mRNA, and protein in offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy was boosted and some relationships existed between these parameters after being exposed enriched environment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The learning and memory impairment in offspring of prenatal stress can be rectified by the enriched environment, the mechanism of which is related to the decreasing plasma corticosterone and increasing hippocampal IGF-2 and Arc of offspring rats following maternal chronic stress during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Hippocampus/metabolism , Insulin-Like Growth Factor II/metabolism , Learning , Learning Disabilities/psychology , Male , Memory Disorders/psychology , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Pregnancy , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/psychology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Social Environment , Stress, Psychological/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of Suanzaoren Tang combined with fluoxetine in the treatment of patients with depression of liver stagnation and blood deficiency accompanied by insomnia. Method:The patients with depression of liver stagnation and blood deficiency accompanied by insomnia (120 cases) were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 60 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group received Suanzaoren Tang combined with fluoxetine, and those in the control group received fluoxetine. The course of treatment was eight weeks. The clinical efficacy was evaluated with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI), and Activities of Daily Living (ADL) score. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the plasma levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE),brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and S100<italic>β</italic>. Result:After eight weeks of treatment, the scores of HAMD and PSQI were reduced(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the scores of ADL were elevated(<italic>P</italic><0.01),and the levels of 5-HT, NE, GDNF and BDNF were up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in the plasma of patients in the observation group as compared with those before treatment. After treatment, compared with the control group, the observation group showed increased total effective rate(<italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased scores of HAMD and PSQI (<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated score of ADL(<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated levels of 5-HT, NE, GDNF and BDNF in plasma, and declining NSE and S100<italic>β</italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Suanzaoren Tang combined with fluoxetine is superior to fluoxetine alone in treating the depression of liver stagnation and blood deficiency accompanied by insomnia. Its therapeutic effect is achieved by increasing the release of monoamine neurotransmitters and promoting the secretion of BDNF and GDNF in the brain.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Sinisan on the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrKB), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)/5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1AR), and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in depressed rats, and explore the antidepressant mechanism of Sinisan based on BDNF/TrKB, 5-HT/5-HT1AR, and HPA axis. Method:A total of 120 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a fluoxetine (0.01 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and low- (1.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (2.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) Sinisan groups, with 20 rats in each group. The depression model was induced by isolation combined with chronic unpredictable mild stimulation(CUMS) in rats except for those in the normal group for 21 days. Rats were then treated correspondingly once a day for 21 days by gavage. Those in the normal group and the model group received an equal volume of normal saline. During the intervention, the model rats were stimulated continuously. The depressive state of CUMS model rats was evaluated by sucrose preference test and open field test. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and corticosterone (CORT) in the plasma and BDNF and 5-HT levels in the hippocampal homogenate. The mRNA expression of hippocampal TrKB, 5-HT1AR, glucocorticoid receptor (GR), and mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) was detected by real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein expression of hippocampal TrKB, 5-HT1AR, GR, and MR was detected by Western blot. The histomorphological changes of the hippocampus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced horizontal and vertical scores in the open field test (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased plasma content of CRH, ACTH, and CORT (<italic>P</italic><0.01), declining content of BDNF and 5-HT in the hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.01), dwindled mRNA and protein expression levels of TrKB, 5-HT1AR, and GR (<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated mRNA and protein expression of MR (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and damaged hippocampal neurons revealed by HE staining. Compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed increased sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and horizontal and vertical scores in the open field test (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased content of plasma CRH, ACTH, and CORT (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated content of hippocampal BDNF and 5-HT (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated mRNA and protein expression levels of hippocampal TrKB, 5-HT1AR, and GR (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced mRNA and protein expression levels of hippocampal MR (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and recovered hippocampal neurons as revealed by HE staining. Conclusion:Sinisan can exert a significant antidepressant effect by increasing hippocampal BDNF and 5-HT content, up-regulating TrKB, 5-HT1AR, and GR mRNA and protein expression, down-regulating MR mRNA and protein expression, inhibiting HPA axis hypertrophy, and enhancing the regeneration and repair of hippocampal neurons.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang (CJLM) on hippocampal NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)inflammasome pathway in rats with depression. Method:Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group,a model group, a MCC950 (1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and high- (13 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (6.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-dose (3.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang groups, with 10 rats in each group.The depression model was induced by isolation combined with chronic unpredictable mild stimulation(CUMS) in rats except for those in the normal group. Rats were treated correspondingly for 21 days by intraperitoneal injection in the MCC950 group and gavage in other groups. The normal group and the model group received an equal volume of normal saline. The depression-like behaviors of rats were observed by sucrose preference test (SPT) and novelty-suppressed feeding test. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and IL-18 in the hippocampus of depressed rats. Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a C-terminal caspase recruitment domain (ASC), and Caspase-1. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01), prolonged novelty-suppressed feeding time (<italic>P</italic><0.01), enhanced protein expression of NLRP3,ASC, and caspase-1<italic> </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-18 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:CJLM can alleviate depression-like behaviors in CUMS-induced model rats, and the underlying mechanism is related to the inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications.@*METHODS@#The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25@*CONCLUSIONS@#The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the association of early nutrition intake with the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database were searched for the observational studies on the association between early nutrition intake and BPD. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of eligible studies.@*RESULTS@#Eight observational studies were included, with 548 infants with BPD and 522 infants without BPD. The Meta analysis showed that the BPD group had a significantly lower caloric intake than the non-BPD group within the first week after birth and in the first 2 weeks after birth (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early nutrition deficiency may be associated with the development of BPD, and more attention should be paid to enteral feeding of infants at a high risk of BPD to achieve total enteral feeding as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , China , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Malnutrition , Parenteral Nutrition
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influence of twin pregnancy by assisted reproductive technology (ART) versus twin pregnancy by spontaneous conception (SC) on neonatal outcomes.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 3 356 live twins with a gestational age of ≥24 weeks who were born in Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital from 2017 to 2019, with 2 006 twins (1 003 pairs) in the ART group and 1 350 (675 pairs) in the SC group. The two groups were compared in terms of the mother's general information and pregnancy comorbidities and the general information, diseases, and outcomes of neonates.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the SC group, the ART group had a significantly higher maternal age (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with twin pregnancy by SC, twin pregnancy by ART does not increase the neonatal mortality rate and risk of adverse outcomes.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy, Twin , Premature Birth , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Retrospective Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872695

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of modified Xiao Chaihutang on the expressions of excitatory amino acid transporters(EAATs) and vesicle glutamate transporters(VGLUTs)in hippocampus of rats with chronic depression, in order to explore the anti-depressant mechanism of modified Xiao Chaihutang based on glutamate transport. Method:A total of 120 SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, and low, middle and high-dose modified Xiaochaihutang groups (6.5, 13, 26 g·kg-1) and riluzole group, with 20 rats in each group.Except normal group, the depression model of rats was prepared through Chronic restraint stress(CRS). The normal group and the model group were intragastrically (ig) given normal saline. The modified Xiao Chaihutang groups were intragastrically given corresponding herbal drugs (6.5, 13, 26 g·kg-1), and the Riluzole group was given Riluzole 20 mg·kg-1 through intraoeritoneal injection for 21 days, once a day. Then the depressive behaviors of rats were observed by forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST). The level of glutamic acid (Glu) in rats hippocampus was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The mRNA expressions of EAAT1, EAAT2 and EAAT3 in hippocampus were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR)method. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of EAAT1, EAAT2, EAAT3, VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 in rat hippocampus tissue. Nissl staining was used to observe the morphology of hippocampal neurons in rats. Immunohistochemical(IHC)S-P method were used to detect the location expressions of EAAT1, EAAT2 and NeuN proteins in rat hippocampal CA1 region tissue. Result:The immobility times in FST and TST were increased significantly(P<0.01), the mRNA and protein expressions of EAAT1,EAAT2,EAAT3 were decreased significantly (P<0.01), and as well as the expressions of VGLUT1 and NeuN were decreased significantly(P<0.01), while the level of Glutamate and the expression of VGLUT2 were increased significantly(P<0.01) in model group, compared with normal group. Compared with model group,the immobility times in FST and TST were decreased significantly(P<0.05, P<0.01), mRNA and protein expressions of EAAT1,EAAT2,EAAT3 were increased significantly(P<0.01), and expressions of VGLUT1 and NeuN were increased significantly(P<0.01). However, the level of Glutamate and the expression of VGLUT2 were decreased significantly(P<0.01), and the damage of hippocampal neurons in rats was mild in middle and high-dose modified Xiao Chaihutang groups. Conclusion:Modified Xiao Chaihutang has an anti-depressive effect. Its mechanism may be related to its up-regulation of expressions of EAAT1, EAAT2, EAAT3 genes and VGLUT1 protein in the hippocampus of depression model rats.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of modified Suanzaoren Tang on the expression of excitatory amino acids receptor(EAARs) in hippocampus of rats with chronic depression, and to explore the anti-depressant mechanism of modified Suanzaoren Tang based on excitatory amino acids receptor. Method:Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group,model group,and low,middle and high-dose modified Suanzaoren Tang groups,and ketamine group,with 10 rats in each group.Except normal group,the depression model of rats was prepared by using chronic restraint stress(CRS).The normal group and model group were intragastrically(ig) given normal saline.the modified Suanzaoren Tang groups were intragastrically given corresponding herbal drugs 6,12,24 g·kg-1, ketamine group group were given ketamine 0.015 g·kg-1 through intraoeritoneal injection,for 21 days,once a day.Then the depressive behaviors of rats were observed by Morris water maze and novelty feeding experiment.Western blot was used to detect the levels of DAR1,NMDAR2A,NMDAR2B,GluR1,mGluR1,CaMKⅡα and CaMKⅡβ protein expression in rat hippocampus tissue. Result:Compared with normal group,the time of novel ingestion and escape latencywere prolonged significantly(P<0.01), and the time of space exploration was shortened significantly(P<0.01).The levels of NMDAR1,NMDAR2A,NMDAR2B,mGluR1 and CaMKⅡβ expression were increased significantly(P<0.01),while the levels of GluR1 and CaMKⅡα expression were decreased significantly(P<0.01)in model group. Compared with model group,the time of novel ingestion and escape latency were shortened significantly (P<0.01), and the time of space exploration was prolonged significantly(P<0.01).The levels of NMDAR1,NMDAR2A,NMDAR2B,mGluR1 and CaMKⅡβ protein expression were decreased significantly(P<0.01),but the levels of GluR1 and CaMKⅡα expression were increased decreased significantly(P<0.01)in middle and high-dose modified Suanzaoren Tang groups. Conclusion:Modified Suanzaoren Tang can improve the behavior of chronic depression rats effectly. Its mechanism may be related with reduction the expression of NMDAR1,NMDAR2A,NMDAR2B,mGluR1 and CaMKⅡβ protein ,increase the expression of GluR1and CaMKⅡα protein.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881029

ABSTRACT

Three new mycophenolic acid derivatives, penicacids E-G (1-3), together with three known analogues, mycophenolic acid (4), 4'-hydroxy-mycophenolic acid (5) and mycophenolic methyl ester (6), were isolated from a marine-derived fungus Penicillium parvum HDN17-478 from a South China Sea marine sediment sample. The structures of compounds 1-3 were elucidated by HRMS, NMR, and Mosher's method. Among them, compounds 1 and 2 were the first examples of mycophenolic acid analogs with a double bond at C-3'/C-4' position. The cytotoxicity of 1-6 was evaluated against the HCT-116, BEL-7402, MGC-803, SH-SY5Y, HO-8910 and HL-60 cell lines, and compounds 4 and 6 showed potent cytotoxicity with IC

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801764

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of modified Erchentang on expressions of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor (MyD88) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) genes in the lung tissue homogenate of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, modified Erchentang group and EVP4593 (NF-κB inhibitor) group. Rat COPD models were prepared through cigarette smoke and tracheal dripping with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). After the modeling, normal and model groups were intragastrically given normal saline solution, EVP4593 group was given EVP4593(1 mg · kg-1) through subcutaneous injection, and modified Erchentang group was given corresponding herbal drugs intragastrically (10 g · kg-1) for 14 days. The levels of high mobility group box 1(HMGB1), chemokines CXCL-2, CXCL-3 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in rats serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in rats serum. The expressions of Toll-like receptors 4(TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor (MyD88) and nuclear factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65) mRNA were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) method. Western blot were used to detect the levels of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65 protein. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) method was used to detect the localization and expressions of TLR4, MyD88 and p-NF-κB p65 protein in the lung tissue. Result: The mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 were increased significantly (PPκB p65 mRNA and protein were decreased significantly (PConclusion: Modified Erchentang may inhibit the inflammatory response of COPD effectively. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the expressions of the signal molecule genes involved in the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway and the reduction of the release of HMGB1, CXCL-2, CXCL-3 and MCP-1.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801763

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of modified Erchentang on the expressions of NLRP3 inflammasome genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and the levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β)and interleukin-18(IL-18)and chemokine8 (CXCL8) in lung tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), in order to explore the molecular mechanism of modified Erchentang against inflammation of COPD. Method: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, MCC950 (NLRP3 inhibitor) group and modified Erchentang group. The COPD model of rats was prepared by using cigarette smoke and dripping with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). During the modeling period (from the 1st to the 30th day), the MCC950 group received a single intraperitoneal injection with 60 mg · kg-1 on the first day of the experiment,and the modified Erchentang group was given intragastric administration with 10 g · kg-1, once every 2 days. From the 31st to the 45th day, the MCC950 group was intraperitoneally injected with 3 mg · kg-1, once every 2 days, the modified Erchentang group was given intragastric administration with 10 g · kg-1, twice a day, and the normal group and the model group received normal saline (NS) with 10 g · kg-1, twice a day. The levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-18(IL-18) and chemokine8 (CXCL8) in rats lung tissue homogenate were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expressions of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (Caspase-1) mRNA in PBMCs were measured by Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR). Western blot was used to detect the levels of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 proteins in PBMCs. Immunohistochemical(IHC)method was used to detect the expressions of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 proteins in lung tissues. Result: The expressions of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 mRNA and protein were increased significantly (PPPβ and CXCL8 in lung tissue homogenate in model group were significantly higher than those in the control group. However, compared with model group, the levels of IL-18, IL-1β and CXCL8 were decreased significantly (PPConclusion: NLRP3 inflammasome is involved in the inflammatory response in COPD rats. Modified Erchentang may inhibit the inflammatory response of COPD effectively. The mechanism may be correlated with the reduction of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 gene expressions, and the inhibition of the release of IL-18, IL-1β and CXCL8.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of modified Erchentang on the signal pathway of β2 adrenergicreceptor(β2AR)/arrestin beta 2(β-arrestin2) in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the expression of interleukin-17(IL-17) in serum, lung homogenate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Method: Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups:normal group, model group, modified Erchentang with high, medium and low doses (40, 20, 10 g · kg-1 · d-1), Xiaokechuan group (5 g · kg-1 · d-1), modified Erchentang group (5 g · kg-1 · d-1), 10 rats in each group. The rat model of COPD was established by smoking and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) intratracheal drip. After successful modeling, the treatment group was given intragastric administration, while the normal group and the model group were given the same amount of saline. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of IL-17 in serum, lung homogenate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of rats. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression of β2AR gene. Western blot was used to detect the expression of β2AR protein in lung tissue. The expression of β2AR and β-arrestin2 in lung tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Result: Compared with the normal group, the expression of β2AR protein in lung tissue of model group was significantly decreased(Pβ2AR protein in lung tissue was significantly increased(PPβ2AR in model group was significantly lower(Pβ2AR in high, medium and low dose group, Xiaokechuan group and modified Erchentang group was significantly higher(PPPPConclusion: Modified Erchentang may increase the expression of β2AR and β-arrestin2 and decrease the content of IL-17 in order to resist inflammation and improve pulmonary function in COPD rats.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of modified Erchentang on GATA-binding protein-3(GATA3) and T-box expressed in T cells(T-bet) in lung tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method: Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups, namely normal group, model group, low, medium and high-dose modified Erchentang group(5,10,20 g ·kg-1), Xiaokechuan group(5 g ·kg-1) and Erchentang group(5 g ·kg-1), with 10 in each group. The rat model of COPD was established by smoking combined with intratracheal dripping of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). After successful modeling, the treatment group was given intragastric administration, and the normal group and the model group were given intragastric administration of equal volume of saline. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the concentrations of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) in rat serum. The expressions of GATA3 and T-bet were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expressions of GATA3 and T-bet in lung tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Result: Compared with the control group, the serum levels of IL-10 in the model group was significantly decreased, while the IL-12 level was significantly increased (PPPPConclusion: Modified Erchentang may reduce the inflammation of lung tissue and improve lung function in COPD rats by reducing IL-12, increasing the content of IL-10, inhibiting the protein and gene expressions of T-bet, and stimulating the protein and gene expressions of GATA3.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278703

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the significance of H3K27me3 and its methyltransferase EZH2 in predicting the short-term and long-term outcome of newly diagnosed patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The paraffin wax speciments of 102 DLBCL patients in Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital were collected. The expression of H3K27me3, EZH2 and BCL-2 protein were detected using tissue array made by tissue microarray(TMA) technique and immunohistochemistry method. The evaluation data after clinical treatment and follow-up results were collected and combined with expression levels of H3K27me3, EZH2 and BCL-2 detected by tissue array, then on the basis of these data, the survival of patients was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method, the correlation of EZH2 with H3K27me3 and BCL-2 was analyzed by pearson correlation test, the correlation of above mentioned indicators with different therapeutic efficacy was analyzed by spearman correlation test. The relationship of H3K27me3 and EZH2 expression as well as co-expression of H3K27me3 and EZH2 with the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of patients were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 61.8% patients showed EZH2 high expression which positively correlated with high expression of H3K27me3 and BCL-2. The complete remission (CR) and overall remission (OR) rates in H3K27me3 high expression and co-expression of H3K27me3 EZH2 groups were lower than those in low expression groups (P<0.001), moreover OS and PFS rates also were lower than those in low expression (P<0.001). In the RCHOP subgroup, the patients with EZH2 low expression showed significantly better CR, OR OS and PFS in comparison with those of patients with higher expression (P=0.003,P=0.019).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Part of DLBCL patients with H3K27me3 high expression or coexpression of both H3K27me3 and EZH2 exhibit a worse prognosis in comparison with those patients with H3K27me3 low expression or without coexpression. The patients with EZH2 low expression usually responde well to RCHOP regimen in the short-term or long-term survival.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737202

ABSTRACT

It is unanimously accepted that stroke is a highly heterogeneous disorder.Different subtypes of ischemic stroke may have different risk factors,clinical features,and prognoses.The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors,clinical characteristics,and prognoses of different subtypes of ischemic stroke defined by the Trial of ORG10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) criteria.We prospectively analyzed the data from 530 consecutive patients who were admitted to our hospital with acute ischemic stroke within 7 days of stroke onset during the study period.Standardized data assessment was used and the cause of ischemic stroke was classified according to the TOAST criteria.Patients were followed up till 30 and 90 days after stroke onset.It was found that large-artery atherosclerosis was the most frequent etiology of stroke (37.4%),and showed the highest male preponderance,the highest prevalence of previous transient ischemic attack,and the longest hospital stay among all subtypes.Small artery disease (36.4%) was associated with higher body mass index,higher plasma triglycerides,and lower plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol than cardioembolism.Cardioembolism (7.7%),which was particularly common in the elderly (i.e.,individuals aged 65 years and older),showed the highest female preponderance,the highest prevalence of atrial fibrillation,the earliest presentation to hospital after stroke onset,the most severe symptoms on admission,the maximum complications associated with an adverse outcome,and the highest rate of stroke recurrence and mortality.Our results suggest that ischemic stroke should be regarded as a highly heterogeneous disorder.Studies involving risk factors,clinical features,and prognoses of ischemic stroke should differentiate between etiologic stroke subtypes.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735734

ABSTRACT

It is unanimously accepted that stroke is a highly heterogeneous disorder.Different subtypes of ischemic stroke may have different risk factors,clinical features,and prognoses.The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors,clinical characteristics,and prognoses of different subtypes of ischemic stroke defined by the Trial of ORG10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) criteria.We prospectively analyzed the data from 530 consecutive patients who were admitted to our hospital with acute ischemic stroke within 7 days of stroke onset during the study period.Standardized data assessment was used and the cause of ischemic stroke was classified according to the TOAST criteria.Patients were followed up till 30 and 90 days after stroke onset.It was found that large-artery atherosclerosis was the most frequent etiology of stroke (37.4%),and showed the highest male preponderance,the highest prevalence of previous transient ischemic attack,and the longest hospital stay among all subtypes.Small artery disease (36.4%) was associated with higher body mass index,higher plasma triglycerides,and lower plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol than cardioembolism.Cardioembolism (7.7%),which was particularly common in the elderly (i.e.,individuals aged 65 years and older),showed the highest female preponderance,the highest prevalence of atrial fibrillation,the earliest presentation to hospital after stroke onset,the most severe symptoms on admission,the maximum complications associated with an adverse outcome,and the highest rate of stroke recurrence and mortality.Our results suggest that ischemic stroke should be regarded as a highly heterogeneous disorder.Studies involving risk factors,clinical features,and prognoses of ischemic stroke should differentiate between etiologic stroke subtypes.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297203

ABSTRACT

The study reports a female neonate with a gestational age of 29weeks and a birth weight of 1 210 g. Ten minutes after birth, the neonate was admitted to the hospital due to shortness of breath. Several days after birth, the neonate presented with hyperglycemia, polyuria, and poor weight gain, accompanied by azotemia, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, hypokalemia, and hyponatremia. Laboratory examinations showed elevated levels of aldosterone, renin, and angiotensin II. Gene detection revealed SLC12A1 gene mutation. Neonatal Bartter syndrome was thus confirmed. The neonate was treated with sodium and potassium supplements, and was followed up for 8 months. During the follow-up, the mental and neural development of the neonate was almost normal at the corrected age, and regular reexaminations showed slight metabolic alkalosis and almost normal electrolyte levels. For the neonates who have the symptoms of unexplainable polyurine and electrolyte disorders, it is important to examine the levels of aldosterone, renin and angiotensin. A definite diagnosis of neonatal Bartter syndrome can be made based on the presence of SLC12A1 gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Acidosis , Bartter Syndrome , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Hypokalemia , Infant, Newborn , Recurrence , Weight Gain
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340591

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of breastfeeding quality improvement on the breastfeeding rate in very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of VLBW and ELBW infants who were admitted from July 2014 to July 2015 (pre-improvement group) and those who were admitted from August 2015 to June 2016 after the implementation of breastfeeding quality improvement measures (post-improvement group). The parameters including condition of breastfeeding (breastfeeding rate, breastfeeding amount, and breastfeeding time), duration of parenteral nutrition, time to enteral feeding, and incidence of feeding intolerance were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The implementation of breastfeeding quality improvement measures significantly increased breastfeeding rate and amount, significantly shortened time to addition of human milk fortifier, duration of parenteral nutrition, and time to enteral feeding, and significantly decreased the incidence of feeding intolerance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Breastfeeding quality improvement measures can increase breastfeeding rate in the NICU and decrease gastrointestinal complications in preterm infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Enteral Nutrition , Female , Humans , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Male , Parenteral Nutrition , Quality Improvement , Retrospective Studies , Weight Gain
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