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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879081

ABSTRACT

At present, the issues regarding multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) remain: the lack of agreement on the content and scope of the ethical review among the ethics committee members of the center and the participating units results in repeated review, which leads to a time-consuming ethical review process. Moreover, the review capabilities of the ethics committees of various research centers are uneven, which is not necessarily beneficial to the protection of subjects' rights and safety. In view of the existing problems, to improve the efficiency of ethical review of multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM and avoid repeated reviews, the TCM Clinical Evaluation Professional Committee of Chinese Pharmaceutical Association organized experts to formulate the "Consensus on collaborative ethical review of multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM(version 1.0)"(hereinafter referred to as "Consensus"). The "Consensus" is formulated in accordance with the requirements of relevant documents such as but not limited to "the opinions on deepening the reform of the evaluation and approval system to encourage the innovation of pharmaceutical medical devices", "the regulations of ethical review of biomedical research involving human subjects". The "Consensus" covers the scope of application, formulation principles, conditions for the ethics committee of the center, sharing of ethical review resources, scope and procedure of collaborative review, rights and obligations, etc. The aims of the "Consensus" is to preliminarily explore and establish a scientific and operable ethical review procedure. Additionally, on the basis of fully protecting the rights and interests of the subjects, a collaborative ethical review agreement needs to be signed to clarify the ethical review responsibilities of all parties, to avoid repeated review, and to improve the efficiency and quality of ethical review in multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM.


Subject(s)
Biomedical Research , Clinical Trials as Topic , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ethical Review , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Pharmaceutical Preparations
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the anti-hepatoma effect of compound <italic>Phylanthus urinaria</italic> Ⅱ ( CPU Ⅱ) by inhibiting the expression of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) colon cancer associated transcript-1 (CCAT1) and restoring the expression of microRNA let-7a. Method:Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression of lncRNA CCAT1 in normal liver cells (LO2 cells) and hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells, and the differences in expression between these two types of cells were compared. The methylthiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay was used to detect the proliferation of HepG2 cells after treatment with different concentrations of CPU Ⅱ and 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) for 24, 48 and 72 h. Hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells were cultured <italic>in vitro </italic>and set into three gropes: cell control group, CPU Ⅱ low-dose group (0.8 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) and high-dose group (1.6 g·L<sup>-1</sup>). Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of lncRNA CCAT1, microRNA let-7a and its target genes high mobility group protein A2(HMGA2), and N-RAS in each grope. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of HMGA2, and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in each grope. Result:As compared with LO2 cells, expression of lncRNA CCAT1 in HepG2 cells was significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Results of MTT assay showed that the 50% inhibiting concentration(IC<sub>50</sub>)<sub> </sub>of CPU Ⅱ and 5-FU on hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells was 1.649, 0.044 648 g·L<sup>-1 </sup>respectively. As compared with the control group, CPU Ⅱ high-and low-dose groups (1.6, 0.8 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the effect was most remarkable in CPU Ⅱ high-dose group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The results of Real-time PCR showed that as compared with control group, the expression of lncRNA CCAT1 mRNA was significantly inhibited in CPU Ⅱ high-and low-dose groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the expression of microRNA let-7a mRNA was obviously up-regulated in high-dose group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), but the expression of HMGA2 mRNA in CPU Ⅱ high-and low-dose groups as well as the expression of N-RAS mRNA in CPU Ⅱ low-dose group were down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Western blot results showed that as compared with the cell control group, the protein expression of HMGA2 and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in CPU Ⅱ high-and low-dose groups (1.6, 0.8 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) was significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:CPU Ⅱ can inhibit the expression of lncRNA CCAT1, recover the expression of microRNA let-7a, and suppress the mRNA and protein expression of related downstream target genes in hepatoma cells line HepG2, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and exerting anti-hepatocellular carcinoma effect.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905834

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to observe the effect of baicalein on the clonal formation of triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells, and to explore the mediation role of Yes- related protein (YAP) in it. Method:MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells were treated with baicalein. Thiazole blue (MTT) colorimetric method was used to detect cell proliferation ability. Plate cloning experiments was used to detect the colony forming ability. Immunofluorescence method was used to detect the nuclear distribution of YAP, and Western blot test was used to detect the protein expression levels of YAP large tumor suppressor factor 1 (LATS1), YAP, phosphorylated Yes- related protein(p-YAP) and phosphorylated YAP large tumor suppressor factor 1 (p-LATS1). Result:Compared with the blank group, baicalein (40, 80, 160 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly inhibited the proliferation ability of MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the inhibitory effect was dose-dependent. The half inhibit concentration(IC<sub>50</sub>) of baicalein against MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells were (80.3±7.2),(70.4±6.5) μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Compared with blank group, baicalein (5, 10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) had no significant effect on the proliferation of MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells, and the difference was not statistically significant. Compared with the blank group, baicalein (5, 10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly dose-dependently reduced the cell colony formation rates of MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and baicalein (10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly inhibited the nuclear expression of YAP in MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Also, baicalin (5, 10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly up-regulated p-YAP and p-LATS1 protein expressions in MDA-MB-468 cells in a dose-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Baicalein (10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly up-regulated p-YAP and p-LATS1 protein expressions in MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Baicalein can inhibit colony formation of triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells by mediating the reduction of YAP entry into the nucleus.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 583-589, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879730

ABSTRACT

Prohibitin (PHB), an evolutionarily conserved mitochondrial inner membrane protein, is highly expressed in cells that require strong mitochondrial function. Recently, we demonstrated that the deletion of Phb in spermatocytes results in impaired mitochondrial function. In addition, PHB expression in the mitochondrial sheath of human sperm has a significantly negative correlation with mitochondrial reactive oxygen species levels, but a positive one with mitochondrial membrane potential and sperm motility. These results suggest that mitochondrial PHB expression plays a role in sperm motility. However, the mechanism of PHB-mediated regulation of sperm motility remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that PHB interacts with protein kinase B (AKT) and exists in a complex with phospho-PHB (pT258) and phospho-AKT in the mitochondrial sheath of murine sperm, as determined using colocalization and coimmunoprecipitation assays. After blocking AKT activity using wortmannin (a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase [PI3K] inhibitor), murine sperm have significantly ( P < 0.05) decreased levels of phospho-PHB (pT258) and the total and progressive motility. Furthermore, significantly ( P < 0.05) lower levels of phospho-PI3K P85 subunit α+γ (pY199 and pY467) and phospho-AKT (pS473; pT308) are found in sperm from infertile asthenospermic and oligoasthenospermic men compared with normospermic subjects, which suggest a reduced activity of the PI3K/AKT pathway in these infertile subjects. Importantly, these sperm from infertile subjects also have a significantly ( P < 0.05) lower level of phospho-PHB (pT258). Collectively, our findings suggest that the interaction of PHB with AKT in the mitochondrial sheath is critical for sperm motility, where PHB phosphorylation (pT258) level and PI3K/AKT activity are key regulatory factors.

5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 583-589, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842414

ABSTRACT

Prohibitin (PHB), an evolutionarily conserved mitochondrial inner membrane protein, is highly expressed in cells that require strong mitochondrial function. Recently, we demonstrated that the deletion of Phb in spermatocytes results in impaired mitochondrial function. In addition, PHB expression in the mitochondrial sheath of human sperm has a significantly negative correlation with mitochondrial reactive oxygen species levels, but a positive one with mitochondrial membrane potential and sperm motility. These results suggest that mitochondrial PHB expression plays a role in sperm motility. However, the mechanism of PHB-mediated regulation of sperm motility remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that PHB interacts with protein kinase B (AKT) and exists in a complex with phospho-PHB (pT258) and phospho-AKT in the mitochondrial sheath of murine sperm, as determined using colocalization and coimmunoprecipitation assays. After blocking AKT activity using wortmannin (a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase [PI3K] inhibitor), murine sperm have significantly ( P < 0.05) decreased levels of phospho-PHB (pT258) and the total and progressive motility. Furthermore, significantly ( P < 0.05) lower levels of phospho-PI3K P85 subunit α+γ (pY199 and pY467) and phospho-AKT (pS473; pT308) are found in sperm from infertile asthenospermic and oligoasthenospermic men compared with normospermic subjects, which suggest a reduced activity of the PI3K/AKT pathway in these infertile subjects. Importantly, these sperm from infertile subjects also have a significantly ( P < 0.05) lower level of phospho-PHB (pT258). Collectively, our findings suggest that the interaction of PHB with AKT in the mitochondrial sheath is critical for sperm motility, where PHB phosphorylation (pT258) level and PI3K/AKT activity are key regulatory factors.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-platelet aggregation function of aspirin in children with Kawasaki disease(KD).METHODS: The clinical data of KD patients who was admitted to Capital Institute of Pediatrics-Peking University Teaching Hospital from September 2016 to September 2018 was retrospectively analyzed. All the children were treated with aspirin routinely:high-dose(30-50)mg/(kg·d)in acute stage and low-dose aspirin(3-5)mg/(kg·d)in the recovery period. Then the light transmission aggregometry(LTA)was used to determine the platelet aggregation rate of different doses of aspirin in order to evaluate the anti-platelet aggregation function,and the risk factors of aspirin resistance(AR)were analyzed by statistical method. RESULTS:(1)The platelet aggregation rate(AA%)after treatment with high-dose and low-dose aspirin in children with KD was 30.3%(1.2%,7.1%)and 2.9%(1.5%,60.4%),respectively,and there was no significant difference in platelet inhibition between different doses of aspirin(P=0.174).(2)The incidence of AR was 9.75%(23/236)in the highdose aspirin group and 8.05%(19/236)in the low-dose aspirin group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of AR between the two groups(P=0.617).(3)In the 19 children with AR and 217 children with aspirin sensitivity(AS)in oral low-dose aspirin treatment group,the age,sex,coagulation,biochemistry and other related indexes did not significantly differ between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The antiplatelet aggregation function of aspirin in KD children is not related to the dosage. AR is present in the treatment of Kawasaki disease,and the incidence of aspirin resistance is not related to dosage.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of lentivirus-mediated BMP-2 overexpression plasmid transfection into bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and silk fibroin scaffold on osteoblast transformation.@*METHODS@#The lentivirus BMP-2 overexpression vector was constructed, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were cultured, and the combined culture system of nuclear scaffolds was constructed. Alizarin red staining and alkaline phosphatase staining were used to detect the osteogenic transformation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro. Ten New Zealand white rabbits, weighing 3.2 to 4.5 kg(averaging 3.9 kg), aged (2.89±0.45) years old, were selected to construct the rabbit tibial defect model by drilling a conical tibial defect (5 mm in length, 2 mm in width and 3 mm in depth) with an oral drill. The repair of the tibial defect in the animal model was observed by HE staining. The experimental group was implanted with silk fibroin scaffold + BMP-2 overexpression vector bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell complex, while the negative control group was implanted with silk fibroin scaffold+non-transfected bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell complex.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group(silk fibroin scaffold+non-transfected bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells), the number of adherent cells on the surface of the scaffold in the experimental group(silk fibroin scaffold+transfected BMP-2 overexpression vector BMP-2 complex) increased significantly. Compared with the control group, the ECM secretion in the experimental group increased significantly. EDX analysis showed that the content of calcium ion was 0.22% in the control group and 0.86% in the experimental group, which showed that the ability of inducing calcium ion formation in the experimental group was stronger than that in the control group. Alizarin red staining of calcium nodules showed that there was no obvious change in the naked eye of the control group, and a small amount of calcium nodules could be seen under the microscope. In the experimental group, obvious red area staining was observed by naked eye, and a large number of calcium nodules were observed by microscopy. The results of alkaline phosphatase staining showed that there was no obvious change in the naked eye of the control group, and no obvious change in the microscopic observation. In the experimental group, purple area staining was observed by naked eyes, and ALP staining was strongly positive by microscopy. The combined culture system of silk fibroin scaffold and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can repair cartilage defects. The repair effect of BMP-2 bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells after transfection is obviously better than that of non-transfection group. HE staining showed that inflammatory cells decreased and scaffolds disappeared slightly in the control group. In the experimental group, inflammatory cells were significantly reduced, scaffolds disappeared and angiogenesis was observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lentivirus-mediated BMP-2 overexpression plasmid can promote BMSC to differentiate into osteocytes and secrete more extracellular matrix containing Ca²⁺ to promote bone defect repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Cells, Cultured , Fibroins , Lentivirus , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Plasmids , Rabbits , Transfection
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect and investigate the mechanism of compound Phyllanthus urinaria Ⅱ(CPU Ⅱ)on proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy of human hepatoma cell line Huh7. Method:Huh7 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into blank control group, high-dose CPU Ⅱ group (40 g·L-1),low-dose CPU Ⅱ group (20 g·L-1), and 5-FU group (0.04 g·L-1). Methye thiazolye telrazlium(MTT) assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of CPU Ⅱ on proliferation of human hepatoma Huh7 cells. The apoptosis rate was observed by Annexin V-FITC/PI flow cytometry; the changes of autophagosomes in each group were observed by monodansylcadaverin (MDC) staining; Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)was used to detect the mRNA expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Serine-threonine protein kinase 2(Akt2), B-cell lympoma-2(Bcl-2) and Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chian 3(LC3Ⅱ) and Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of Akt2 and LC3Ⅱ. Result:CPU Ⅱ(40, 20 g·L-1) significantly inhibited the hepatoma cell line Huh7 and induced apoptosis, with an apoptosis rate of 51.72% and 19.74% respectively, significantly higher than that of control group (PPPPConclusion:CPUⅡ had obvious inhibitory effect on the proliferation of hepatoma cell line Huh7, and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to induce apoptosis and autophagy.

9.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 56-59, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702863

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic partial renal segmental artery occlusion and renal artery trunk interruption for partial nephrectomy. Methods We reviewed medical records of 65 patients with stage T1 renal tumor from October 2013 to February 2017. Among them, 29 cases underwent partial nephrectomy with high selective segmental renal artery occlusion, and 36 cases underwent partial nephrectomy with renal artery trunk occlusion. Then compare the preoperative and postoperative creatinine changes, intraoperative blood loss, warm ischemia time, operation time, hospitalization time and positive margins of the two methods. Results In all the patients, the procedures were done without conversion to open surgeries. The operation time of the renal artery branch block group is shorter than that of the main renal artery block, but the preoperative and postoperative creatinine changes are smaller than those of the main renal artery occlusion group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in intraoperative blood loss, warm ischemia time and positive margins (P > 0.05); There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, body mass index (BMI) and R.E.N.A.L score of renal tumor (P > 0.05). Conclusion For the stage T1 renal tumor, the selective renal artery branch interruption technique has a longer operation time, but the renal tissue has a small ischemic zone and has little effect on the kidney.

10.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 544-548, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of miR-34a on the migration and invasion of prostatic cell line through MSR1.Methods:Western blot was used to detect the expression of MSR1 in prostate cancer cell lines.qPCR was used to detect the ex-pression of miR-34a in prostate cancer cell lines.The correlation between miR-34a and MSR1 was examined by double luciferase as-say.Transwell invasion assay was used to detect the effect of miR-34a and MSR1 on the invasion ability of prostate cancer cells.The effects of miR-34a and MSR1 on the fine migration ability of prostate cancer were examined by scratch healing.Results:The expression level of MSR1 in PC3 cells was relatively high by Western blot.The expression level of miR-34a in PC3 cells was relatively low by qPCR.Double luciferase assay showed a direct binding site between miR-34a and MSR1,MiR-34a could regulate the expression level of MSR1,Scaffold Healing Test and Transwell Invasion Test were used to detect the migration and invasion of PC3 cells after overexpressing miR-34a.Overexpression of MSR1 could reverse the inhibitory effect of miR-34a on the migration and invasion of PC3 cells.Conclusion:miR-34a can regulate the migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells through MSR1 protein.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss clinical outcomes of accordion operation for the Ilizarov technique in treating tibial bone defects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2014 to June 2016, 22 patients with tibial bone defects were treated by Ilizarov bone-transport technique, including 19 males and 3 females with an average age of 44.04 years old ranging from 23 to 60 years old;the length of the bone defects before the bone transport was 5 to 11 cm with an average 7.68 cm; Cause of injury invlved traffic accidents in 14 cases, fall injury in 3, smashing injury in 4, high drop injury in 1; 6 cases were on the left and 16 cases were on the right. The patients were divided into two groups: 11 cases in accordion group were treated by "accordion operation" after bone transport was completed;11 cases in control group were treated by the external fixator locked waiting for bone consolidation after bone transport was completed. All patients were followed up for 18 to 36 months with an average time of 27.9 months. There was no statistical significance between two groups, such as sex, age, length of bone defect(>0.05). Analysis of healing time, healing index and other indicators, and Paley's criterion was used to evaluate the healing effect of bone healing and function recovery of the limb.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The result of X-ray evaluation was all patients achieved bone healing. In accordion group, the bone healing time was (365±91) days, the bone healing index was (46.2±3.5) d/cm; in control group, the bone healing time was(435±108) days, the bone healing index was (57.8±3.5) d/cm. There was no statistical significance in the bone healing time between the two groups(=1.648, =0.115);There was statistical significance in the bone healing index between the two groups(=7.754, =0.000). At the final follow-up, according to Paley's criterion, the result in accordion group was excellent in 9 cases, good in 2 cases; in control group, excellent in 8 cases, good in 3 cases. Score was not statistically significant(=-0.479, =0.619). Complications involved nail infection (9 cases in accordion group, 10 cases in control group);local traction pain (2 cases in accordion group, 1 case in control group); axial malalignment>10°(4 cases in accordion group, 3 cases in control group);location difference of the junction of bone defects (3 cases in accordion group, 2 cases in control group);Complications were not statistically significant(>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Accordion operation for the Ilizarov technique in treating tibial bone defects can shorten the treatment time and consolidation time, and improve the healing index.</p>

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296531

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the influence of secular trends in body height and weight on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Chinese children and adolescents.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data were obtained from five cross-sectional Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health. Overweight/obesity was defined as BMI-for-age Z-score of per the Wold Health Organization (WHO) reference values. Body height and weight for each sex and age were standardized to those reported in 1985 (standardized height: SHY; standardized weight: SWY) and for each sex and year at age 7 (standardized height: SHA; standardized weight: SWA) using the Z-score method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of overweight/obesity in Chinese children was 20.2% among boys and 10.7% among girls in 2010 and increased continuously from 1985 to 2010. Among boys and girls of normal weight, SHY and SHA were significantly greater than SWY and SWA, respectively (P < 0.001). Among boys and girls with overweight/obesity, SHY was significantly lower than SWY (P < 0.001), and showed an obvious decreasing trend after age 12. SHA was lower than SWA among overweight boys aged 7-8 years and girls aged 7-9 years. SHY/SHW and SHA/SWA among normal-weight groups were greater than among overweight and obese groups (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The continuous increase in the prevalence of overweight/obesity among Chinese children may be related to a rapid increase in body weight before age 9 and lack of secular increase in body height after age 12.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Body Height , Body Weight , Child , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Overweight , Epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity , Epidemiology , Prevalence
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307101

ABSTRACT

The paper was to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of supplemented Zhenwu decoction for treating congestive heart-failure. Three foreign language databases including the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase and four Chinese databases including CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang Database were retrieved from their establishment to July 2016 for all randomized control trials(RCTs) on supplemented Zhenwu decoction in treatment of congestive heart-failure. The references in the included RCTs were also traced. Literature selection and information extraction was completed and screened by two independent reviewers, and Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.3 software. Totally 13 clinical RCTs were included in this study, involving 982 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that as compared with western medicine alone, the total effective rate of heart function could be improved by applying supplemented Zhenwu decoction based on the western medicine[RR=1.16, 95%CI (1.10, 1.22)], with increased ejection fraction[MD=7.12, 95%CI= (3.98,10.27)], increased cardiac activity index[MD=6.92, 95%CI (5.21, 8.62)], increased stroke volume [MD=11.18, 95%CI (6.04, 16.33)], and increased heart index[MD=0.50, 95%CI (-0.29, 1.30)]. Supplemented Zhenwu decoction combined with routine treatment could improve the clinical symptoms of congestive heart-failure. However, due to the low quality in methodology and reports as well as small sample size of included RCTs in this study, more randomized double-blind trials with a large sample size are still required to verify the efficiency of supplemented Zhenwu decoction for treating congestive heart-failure.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819689

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of sevoflurane on tissue permeability of lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) in rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 45 wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups I, II, III. Modified Eppinger method was adopted to establish the rat lung ischemia-reperfusion injury model. Group I served as the control group, group III as ischemia reperfusion group, group III as sevoflurane ischemia-reperfusion group. Blood gas index, lung permeability index (LPI) change, lung tissue pathology change and lung water content were observed and compared between groups of rats at different time points.@*RESULTS@#During ischemia reperfusion, all rats kept balance of the MAP during different time points, SPO2 of group II and III decreased significantly than I group (P<0.05); after reperfusion lung permeability index in Group II and III was higher than the control group significantly (P<0.05), 120 min after reperfusion LPI change and injury of group III was significantly lower than II group (P<0.05); interstitial and alveolar cavity effusion in of group III were lower than that of group II.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Sevoflurane pretreatment can reduce the lung tissue permeability, and LIRI plays a protective role in LIRI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Methyl Ethers , Pharmacology , Permeability , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Sevoflurane
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1062-1068, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299166

ABSTRACT

The microstructure of cationic cyclopeptide (TD-34) treated Caco-2 cell membrane was observed, and we discussed the relationship between membrane structure and insulin transmembrane permeability. Atomic force microscope (AFM) was used to observe living cell membrane in air condition and tapping mode. Results showed that the surface of Caco-2 cell membrane treated with TD-34 lost its smoothness and nearly doubled its roughness. Apparent permeability coefficients (P(app)) of insulin in Caco-2 cell monolayers increased 2.5 times. In conclusion, AFM can be used to observe microstructure of cationic cyclopeptide treated cell membrane and cationic cyclopeptide enhanced insulin delivery across Caco-2 cell membrane by increasing membrane fluidity.


Subject(s)
Caco-2 Cells , Cations , Cell Membrane , Cell Membrane Permeability , Humans , Insulin , Metabolism , Membrane Fluidity , Microscopy, Atomic Force , Peptides, Cyclic , Pharmacology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270561

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of this study was to explore an objective measure to assess actual body shape of children and adolescents in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the Chinese National Survey on Student's Constitution and Health (CNSSCH) in 2005, 210 927 children and adolescents' (7-18 years) body height, body weight, chest circumference, sitting height, chest circumference-height ratio, chest circumference-sitting height ratio, chest circumference-low limb ratio, and sitting height-low limb ratio measurements were used to develop an objective measure by using transformation variables and explored factor analysis (EFA). Discrimination power of the objective measure was evaluated based on BMI reference and Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The objective measure included four dimensions scores: transverse dimension (TD) indicating weight and chest circumference; length dimension (LD) indicating height and sitting height; transverse-length ratio dimension (TLD) indicating chest circumference-height ratio, chest circumference-sitting height and chest circumference-low limb ratio; proportion dimension (PD) indicating sitting height-low limb ratio. The whole dimension (WD) indicating the whole body shape was showed by the average of four dimensions scores. Four dimensions and WD scores were approximately 80 in children and adolescents with normal weight, and higher than those of overweight, obesity, and underweight (all P-values <0.001). Areas under ROC of overweight and obesity compared with normal weight ranged from 0.88 to 1.00 for scores of TD, TLD, and WD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The objective measure which included four dimensions was explored, and TD, TLD, and WD had significant discrimination power.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , Body Height , Body Mass Index , Body Size , Body Weight , Child , China , Female , Humans , Male
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820658

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) combined with ginsenosides Rg3 on inhibiting the NCI-H1299 lung cancer cells and subsistence in nude mice bearing hepatoma.@*METHODS@#MTT method was used to measure the inhibition effect of As2O3 combined Rg3 on NCI-H1299 cells, and the proliferation inhibiting effect was observed via establishing the transplanted tumor model in vitro. A total of 40 tumor-bearing nude mice were randomly divided into normal saline group, As2O3, Rg3 and As2O3+Rg3 group. Transplantation tumor model of lung cancer in nude mice was constructed, followed by injection of certain concentrations of normal saline, As2O3, ginseng saponin Rg3 and As2O3+Rg3 every day. The survival duration and the tumors size of the mice were recorded and the Kaplan-Meier curve was made; microscopic observation of apoptosis of tumor cells in vivo was done using TUNEL staining.@*RESULTS@#After 72 h of injection, inhibition rate of tumor cell in normal saline group, As2O3 group, Rg3 group and As2O3+Rg3 group was (5.66±0.31)%, (65.58±4.75)%, (44.69±3.32)% and (82.67±5.43)%, respectively. Inhibition rate of tumor cell in As2O3 group, Rg3 group and As2O3+Rg3 group was significantly higher than that of normal saline group (P<0.01); inhibition rate of tumor cells of As2O3+Rg3 group was significantly higher than that of the two groups given As2O3 or Rg3 alone (P<0.01). The tumor volume of As2O3 group, Rg3 group and As2O3+Rg3 group shrank to (65.38±3.25)%, (77.68±3.43)% and (42.65±3.55)% of the original, tumor volume of saline group was 1.21 times of the original size (P<0.01); Median survival of saline group, Rg3 group, As2O3 group were significantly shorter than that of As2O3+Rg3 group (P<0.01); co-ordinated intervention ability of As2O3+Rg3 on NCI-H1299 cell was significantly higher than that of As2O3 or Rg3, separately.@*CONCLUSIONS@#As2O3 combined with Rg3 can significantly inhibit proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells in lung cancer, prolong survival of tumor-bearing nude mice, and promote tumor cell apoptosis, and have significant effect on lung cancer treatment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355816

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the association between abdominal obesity and blood pressure among 7-10 years old Chinese children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 40 495 children aged 7-10 years with complete height, weight, waist circumference and blood pressure data were chosen from the data of 2010 Chinese National Survey on Students Constitution and Health. Based on the "Reference Norms for Screening Overweight and Obesity in Chinese Children and Adolescents" developed by Working Group Obesity in China (WGOC) and the waist to height ratio reference value for children (WHtR ≤ 0.46) , the children were divided into 4 body types (normal weight, simple abdominal obesity, combined obesity and other types). High blood pressure was defined as the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) higher than the P 95 blood pressure value of 2010 national student of the same gender and age. The prevalence of simple abdominal obesity, combined obesity and high blood pressure were described. Three groups (with 2165 children in each) of children with normal weight, simple abdominal obesity, combined obesity respectively were selected from the chosen ones matched by gender, age (within ± 0.5 years old) and height (within ± 0.3 cm) at the ratio of 1: 1: 1. The value of blood pressure and prevalence of high blood pressure were described.χ(2) test, analysis of variance and multilevel models were used to analyze the relationship between obesity and blood pressure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 40 475 children were selected from the database, including 20 175 boys and 20 320 girls. The prevalence of simple abdominal obesity was 6.36% (2576/40 495), the prevalence of boys and girls was 7.41% (1494/20 175) and 5.32% (1082/20 320) respectively. The prevalence of combined obesity was 16.33% (6611/40 495), the prevalence of boys and girls was 21.30% (4298/20 175) and 11.38% (2313/20 320) respectively. There were statistical differences in the body type distribution of both boys and girls (χ(2) = 869.01, P < 0.01). The prevalence of high blood pressure was 9.62% (3896/40 495), the prevalence of boys (10.05% (2028/20 175)) was higher than girls (9.19% (1868/20 320)) (χ(2) = 8.59, P < 0.01). The value of SBP and DBP among combined obesity group (boys: (103.8 ± 11.3), (64.7 ± 10.1) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa); girls: (102.9 ± 12.1), (64.5 ± 10.0) mm Hg) > simple abdominal obesity group (boys: (99.5 ± 11.2), (61.6 ± 9.9) mm Hg; girls: (99.6 ± 11.4), (62.6 ± 9.3) mm Hg)> normal weight group (boys: (97.4 ± 10.8), (60.5 ± 9.4) mm Hg; girls: (97.2 ± 10.8), (60.8 ± 9.4) mm Hg), and the differences were statistical significant (Fboys: 113.22, 62.05; Fgirls: 54.19, 32.31, P < 0.01). According to the results of multilevel model, among boys, compared with the normal weight group, the SBP of combined obesity group and simple abdominal obesity group was 6.0 and 1.8 mm Hg higher respectively (Wald χ(2): 17.55, 204.94, P < 0.01); the DBP was 4.0 and 0.9 mm Hg higher respectively (Wald χ(2): 6.37, 114.05, P < 0.05). Among girls, the SBP was 5.0 and 2.1 mm Hg higher respectively (Wald χ(2):16.47, 92.52, P < 0.01); the DBP was 3.5 and 1.6 mm Hg higher respectively (Wald χ(2): 12.29, 57.52, P < 0.01). Comparing with normal group, the risk of high SBP among boys with simple abdominal obesity was higher (OR = 1.48; 95%CI: 1.06-2.06), and both the boys (SBP: OR = 3.06; 95%CI: 2.28-4.11) ; DBP: OR = 2.72; 95%CI: 1.99-3.72) and girls (SBP: OR = 2.48; 95%CI: 1.75-3.53; DBP: OR = 2.64; 95%CI: 1.82-3.93) in combined obesity group had a higher risk of high SBP and high DBP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Simple abdominal obesity is associated with the increasing of blood pressure in children, and combined obesity has a closer ties than simple abdominal obesity.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Child , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Male , Obesity, Abdominal , Epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity , Epidemiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355814

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the influencing factors on physical endurance among Chinese primary and middle school students aged 10-17.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data was used from "2010 National Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance", from which 68 458 primary and middle school students with complete information were selected. Good physical endurance was defined as endurance running time ≤ P 25 of same gender and age, poor physical endurance as ≥ P 75 of same gender and age. Difference of endurance running time in different physical endurance groups was compared; chi-square test, logistic regression and multiple level model were used to analyze influence of region, BMI, diet, exercise and exercise willingness on physical endurance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 34 293 (50.0%) students of good physical endurance and 34 219 (50.0%) ones of poor physical endurance in 68 458 subjects. Percentage of good physical endurance was 53.8% (18 285/33 996) in rural students, higher than urban ones (46.3% (15 954/34 462)) (χ(2) = 384.16, P < 0.01). Percentage of good physical endurance was 12.2% (448/3660) in obese students, lower than normal (55.2% (28 183/51 028)), overweight (29.3% (2012/6874)) and emaciated ones (52.1% (3596/6896)) (χ(2) = 3840.08, P < 0.01). Percentage of good physical endurance was 52.5% (25 534/48 679) in students having breakfast everyday, higher than ones never having breakfast or 1-2 times per week (41.3% (3209/7768))(χ(2) = 438.31, P < 0.01). Percentage of good physical endurance was 51.7% (11 580/22 379) in students having milk everyday, slightly higher than ones never or sometimes having milk (49.2% (22 659/46 079)) (χ(2) = 39.84, P < 0.01). Percentage of good physical endurance was 55.3% (18 961/34 314) in students with adequate physical education class, higher than ones with inadequate class (44.7% (15 278/34 144)) (χ(2) = 756.41, P < 0.01). Percentage of good physical endurance was 58.6% (9484/16 195) in students with one hour exercise or more per day, higher than ones with less than one hour exercise (47.4% (24 755/52 263)) (χ(2) = 619.82, P < 0.01). Percentage of good physical endurance was 60.1% (19 287/32 118) in students who were "very willing" to take part in endurance running, higher than "generally willing" ones (45.4% (10 569/23 272)) and "not willing" ones (33.5% (4383/13 068)) (χ(2) = 2909.61, P < 0.01). Multiple level analysis revealed that risk of poor physical endurance was lower in rural students (OR = 0.80, 95%CI: 0.77-0.82) than urban ones. Risk in emaciated students (OR = 1.11, 95%CI: 1.05-1.17), overweight students (OR = 2.69, 95%CI: 2.55-2.85) and obese students (OR = 7.71, 95%CI: 6.97-8.52) was higher than normal ones. Concerning diet, risk of poor physical endurance in students never having breakfast or once to twice per week was highest (OR = 1.20, 95%CI: 1.13-1.26), followed by students having breakfast three to five times per week (OR = 1.13, 95%CI: 1.08-1.18); risk in students having one bag of milk per day was higher (OR = 1.09, 95%CI: 1.02-1.17) than ones having two bags. Concerning exercise, risk of poor physical endurance in students with inadequate physical education class (OR = 1.20, 95%CI: 1.13-1.26) and less than one hour exercise per day (OR = 1.34, 95%CI: 1.29-1.40) was higher than ones with adequate physical education class and one hour exercise or more respectively. Risk of poor physical endurance in students who were "generally willing" (OR = 1.67, 95%CI: 1.61-1.73) and "not willing" (OR = 2.72, 95%CI: 2.60-2.85) to take part in endurance running was higher than "very willing" ones.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Urban and rural residence, BMI, breakfast, milk, physical education class, exercise time and exercise willingness were related to primary and middle school students'physical endurance.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Models, Statistical , Physical Endurance , Physical Fitness , Students
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355813

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the association between early menarche and physical fitness among adolescent girls in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Research material was selected from the data of "2010 National Physical Fitness and Health Survey". Probability unit regression method was used to calculate the age of 10th percentile at menarche and menarche age before the 10th percentile was defined as early menarche(9.0-11.6 years old). A total of 1072 girls with early menarche were selected. Each girl with early menarche was matched with one girl from the same urban or rural locations who hadn't achieved menarche with the age difference less than 0.1 years. A total of 1072 girls without menarche were selected. Indicators of physical fitness included 50 m running, standing broad jump, 50 m×8 shuttle running and sit-ups. Differences of physical fitness between early menarche and without menarche were analyzed using t test stratified by age and urban/rural area. The multilevel models of single dependent variable and multiple dependent variables were used to analyze association between early menarche and physical fitness.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2144 students were put in this research. Among girls (11.0-11.6 years old) in urban areas, 50 m running, standing broad jump and sit-ups was (9.78 ± 0.85) s, (153.81 ± 18.59) cm, and 27.79 ± 10.25, respectively for those with early menarche, while in girls without menarche was (10.01 ± 0.90) s, (149.71 ± 18.72) cm and 26.28 ± 10.11, respectively. There were significant differences between two groups on all above variables (t values were 4.02, 3.43 and 2.31, respectively with all P values <0.01). Among girls in rural, 50 m×8 shuttle-running and sit-ups was (125.22 ± 15.57) s and 24.96 ± 8.97 for those with early menarche, while it was (120.92 ± 13.06) s and 22.96 ± 9.83 for those without menarche. There were significant differences between two groups on both variables(t values were 3.89 and 2.77 with both P values < 0.01). In addition, 50 m×8 shuttle-running in girls (10.0-10.9 years old) with early menarche was (128.52 ± 15.74) s and it was (123.89 ± 13.50) s in girls without menarche. The difference was significant (t = 2.14, P < 0.05). The multilevel analysis showed that 50 m running, standing broad jump and sit-ups in girls with early menarche was 0.12 s, 3.14 cm and 1.11 higher than girls without menarche (Waldχ(2) values were 4.00, 6.22 and 4.07, respectively with all P values < 0.05). But 50 m×8 shuttle-running in girls with early menarche was 1.95 s less than girls without menarche (Waldχ(2) = 3.96, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early menarche may be associated with higher speed fitness, leg power and muscle power and lower physical stamina.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , China , Female , Humans , Menarche , Physiology , Models, Statistical , Physical Fitness , Physiology , Rural Population , Students , Urban Population
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