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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887975

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases seriously endanger human health and life. The accompanying myocardial injury has been a focus of attention in society. Chinese medicine,serving as a natural and precious reservoir for the research and development of new drugs,is advantageous in resisting myocardial injury due to its multi-component,multi-pathway,and multi-target characteristics. In recent years,with the extensive application of culture method for isolated cardiomyocytes,a cost-effective,controllable in vitro model of cardiomyocyte injury with uniform samples is becoming a key tool for mechanism research on cardiomyocyte injury and drug development.A good in vitro model can reduce experimental and manpower cost,and also accurately stimulate clinical changes to reveal the mechanism. Therefore,the selection and establishment of in vitro model are crucial for the in-depth research. This study summarized the modeling principles,evaluation indicators,and application of more than ten models reflecting different clinical conditions,such as injuries induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation,hypertrophy,oxidative stress,inflammation,internal environmental disturbance,and toxicity. Furthermore,we analyzed advantages and technical difficulties,aiming to provide a reference for in-depth research on myocardial injury mechanism and drug development.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Humans , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Oxidative Stress
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879185

ABSTRACT

Rhus chinensis is an important resource plant. The aqueous extract of R. chinensis roots or stems was to produce Shuguantong Syrup, which is mainly used for the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris with definite curative effect. On this basis, the crude phenolic part of R. chinensis prepared by macroporous resin was evaluated for the cardio protective effect against myocardial ischemia in mice. The results showed that the phenolic part group with oral administration at the dosages of 190.8-381.6 mg·kg~(-1), compared with the model group, reduced the values of left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVEDs) and the left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVEDd), and increased the cardiac ejection fraction(EF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(FS) rate, which could effectively improve cardiac function and exert its anti-myocardial ischemia effect, and reduce the rising levels of creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) in serum. HE staining showed that the phenolic part group reduced the infiltration of myocardial inflammatory cells and alleviated the degree of myocardial fibrosis and collagen deposition. TUNEL staining showed that the blue-green fluorescence of the phenolic part group decreased successively, and the degree of myocardial cell apoptosis was reduced. Immunohistochemical staining suggested that it could reduce the number of positive cells for p53 protein expression and significantly improve myocardial cell damage. All above data suggested that the phenolic part group had an anti-mycardial ischemis effect. Related mechanism studies revealed that the crude phenolic part could regulate the expressions of the p53 gene(p53), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax), B lymphoma-2 gene(Bcl-2), and caspase-3 protein(caspase-3) in myocardial tissue, suggesting that it could reduce cardiac remodeling and myocardial ischemic damage, and improve cardiac function by inhibiting myocardial apoptosis.This research laid a foundation for the elucidation of the pharmacological ingredients R. chinensis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Mice , Myocardial Ischemia/drug therapy , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rhus , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1573-1589, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823295

ABSTRACT

Most of the active ingredients of herbs are secondary metabolites of plants. Cytochrome P450s (P450s) are hemoglobin-containing monooxygenases encoded by a super-gene family, which play important roles in the metabolic network of plants. This review focuses on the role of P450s on biosynthesis of secondary metabolites such as terpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids and phenylpropanoids. This will provide references for biosynthesis and regulation of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878853

ABSTRACT

Saussurea lappa originates in India, and now mainly grow in Yunnan, Sichuan and other places in China. It is one of the commonly used traditional herbal medicines in Tibet and other minority regions, with effects in regulating qi to relieve pain and invigo-rating spleen to promote food. It has been used in clinic for gastrointestinal diseases, such as Qi stagnation syndrome of spleen and stomach, diarrhea and tenesmus. More than 200 compounds have been identified from S. lappa. Among them, sesquiterpenoids attracted much attention. In terms of the number of compounds, eudesmanetype is dominant, guaiane and germacranetypes have also been reported frequently. Pharmacological studies have involved extracts, volatile oils and monomeric components represented by dehydrocostus lactone. Anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects on digestive system have attracted great attention. However, due to the complex sources of S. lappa and widely used in clinical practice, there is few research progress on relevant chemical constituents and pharmacological activities. This paper systematically summarizes terpenes and the pharmacological effects of S. lappa, in order to provide basis for further studies and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
China , Plant Extracts , Saussurea , Sesquiterpenes , Terpenes , Tibet
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828979

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the prevalence and determinants of folic acid (FA) supplementation in Chinese couples planning for pregnancy and in women during early pregnancy.@*Methods@#This was a cross-sectional study based on the Shanghai PreConception Cohort (SPCC) study. Data on FA supplementation and socio-demographic features were collected using questionnaires. Couples visiting clinics for pre-pregnancy examination and pregnant women at < 14 gestational weeks were recruited in Shanghai, China, between March 2016 and September 2018.@*Results@#Among the pregnancy planners, 42.4% (4,710/11,099) women and 17.1% (1,377/8,045) men used FA supplements, while 93.4% (14,585/15,615) of the pregnant women used FA supplements. FA supplement use was higher in female pregnancy planners who were older ( : 1.13, 95% : 1.08-1.18), had higher education ( : 1.71, 95% : 1.53-1.92), and were residing in urban districts ( : 1.06, 95% : 1.01-1.11) of FA supplementation; female pregnancy planners with alcohol consumption ( : 0.95, 95% : 0.90-0.99) had lower odds of FA supplementation. In early pregnancy, women with higher educational level ( : 1.04, 95% : 1.03-1.06), who underwent pre-pregnancy examination ( : 1.02, 95% : 1.01-1.03) had higher odds of using an FA supplement; older aged ( : 0.99, 95% : 0.98-0.99), and multigravida ( : 0.97, 95% : 0.96-0.98) had lower odds of FA supplementation.@*Conclusion@#Although the majority of pregnant women took FA supplements, more than half of the women planning for pregnancy did not. Urgent strategies are needed to improve pre-conception FA supplementation.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Dietary Supplements , Female , Folic Acid , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vitamin B Complex , Young Adult
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2105-2108, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802856

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In recent years, attempting the biventricular pathway or biventricular conversions in patients with borderline ventricle has become a hot topic. However, inappropriate pursuit of biventricular repair in borderline candidates will lead to adverse clinical outcomes. Therefore, it is important to accurately assess the degree of ventricular development before operation and whether it can tolerate biventricular repair. This review evaluated ventricular development using echocardiography for a better prediction of biventricular repair in borderline ventricle.@*Data sources@#Articles from January 1, 1990 to April 1, 2019 on biventricular repair in borderline ventricle were accessed from PubMed, using keywords including "borderline ventricle," "congenital heart disease," "CHD," "echocardiography," and "biventricular repair."@*Study selection@#Original articles and critical reviews relevant to the review’s theme were selected.@*Results@#Borderline left ventricle (LV): (1) Critical aortic stenosis: the Rhodes score, Congenital Heart Surgeons Society regression equation and another new scoring system was proposed to predict the feasibility of biventricular repair. (2) Aortic arch hypoplasia: the LV size and the diameter of aortic and mitral valve (MV) annulus should be taken into considerations for biventricular repair. (3) Right-dominant unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD): atrioventricular valve index (AVVI), left ventricular inflow index (LVII), and right ventricle (RV)/LV inflow angle were the echocardiographic indices for biventricular repair. Borderline RV: (1) pulmonary atresia/intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS): the diameter z-score of tricuspid valve (TV) annulus, ratio of TV to MV diameter, RV inlet length z-score, RV area z-score, RV development index, and RV-TV index, etc. Less objective but more practical description is to classify the RV as tripartite, bipartite, and unipartite. The presence or absence of RV sinusoids, RV dependent coronary circulation, and the degree of tricuspid regurgitation should also be noted. (2) Left-dominant unbalanced AVSD: AVVI, LV, and RV volumes, whether apex forming ventricles were the echocardiographic indices for biventricular repair.@*Conclusions@#Although the evaluation of echocardiography cannot guarantee the success of biventricular repair surgery, echocardiography can still provide relatively valuable basis for surgical decision making.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2105-2108, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In recent years, attempting the biventricular pathway or biventricular conversions in patients with borderline ventricle has become a hot topic. However, inappropriate pursuit of biventricular repair in borderline candidates will lead to adverse clinical outcomes. Therefore, it is important to accurately assess the degree of ventricular development before operation and whether it can tolerate biventricular repair. This review evaluated ventricular development using echocardiography for a better prediction of biventricular repair in borderline ventricle.@*DATA SOURCES@#Articles from January 1, 1990 to April 1, 2019 on biventricular repair in borderline ventricle were accessed from PubMed, using keywords including "borderline ventricle," "congenital heart disease," "CHD," "echocardiography," and "biventricular repair."@*STUDY SELECTION@#Original articles and critical reviews relevant to the review's theme were selected.@*RESULTS@#Borderline left ventricle (LV): (1) Critical aortic stenosis: the Rhodes score, Congenital Heart Surgeons Society regression equation and another new scoring system was proposed to predict the feasibility of biventricular repair. (2) Aortic arch hypoplasia: the LV size and the diameter of aortic and mitral valve (MV) annulus should be taken into considerations for biventricular repair. (3) Right-dominant unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD): atrioventricular valve index (AVVI), left ventricular inflow index (LVII), and right ventricle (RV)/LV inflow angle were the echocardiographic indices for biventricular repair. Borderline RV: (1) pulmonary atresia/intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS): the diameter z-score of tricuspid valve (TV) annulus, ratio of TV to MV diameter, RV inlet length z-score, RV area z-score, RV development index, and RV-TV index, etc. Less objective but more practical description is to classify the RV as tripartite, bipartite, and unipartite. The presence or absence of RV sinusoids, RV dependent coronary circulation, and the degree of tricuspid regurgitation should also be noted. (2) Left-dominant unbalanced AVSD: AVVI, LV, and RV volumes, whether apex forming ventricles were the echocardiographic indices for biventricular repair.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the evaluation of echocardiography cannot guarantee the success of biventricular repair surgery, echocardiography can still provide relatively valuable basis for surgical decision making.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776386

ABSTRACT

Andrographolide is a main active ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine Andrographis paniculata,with a variety of pharmacological activity,widely used in clinical practice. However its biosynthetic pathway has not been resolved. Cytochrome P450 reductase provides electrons for CYP450 and plays an important role in the CYP450 catalytic process. In this study,the coding sequence of A. paniculata CPR was screened and cloned by homologous alignment,named ApCPR4. The ApCPR4 protein was obtained by prokaryotic expression. After isolation and purification,the enzyme activity was identified . The results showed that ApCPR4 could reduce the cytochrome c and ferricyanide in NADPH-dependent manner. In order to verify its function,ApCPR4 and CYP76AH1 were co-transformed into yeast engineering bacteria. The results showed that ApCPR4 could help CYP76AH1 catalyze the formation of rustols in yeast. Real-time quantitative PCR results showed that the expression of ApCPR4 increased gradually in leaves treated with methyl jasmonate (MeJA). The expression pattern was consistent with the trend of induction and accumulation of andrographolide by MeJA,suggesting that ApCPR4 was associated with biosynthesis of andrographolide.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Andrographis , Genetics , Biosynthetic Pathways , Cloning, Molecular , Cyclopentanes , Diterpenes , Metabolism , NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase , Genetics , Oxylipins , Plant Leaves , Plant Proteins , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335765

ABSTRACT

Protein complexes are involved in the synthesis of multiple secondary metabolites in plants, and their separation is essential to elucidate plant secondary metabolism and improve in vitro catalytic efficiency. In this study, the transgenic hairy roots of CYP76AH1, a key enzyme of tanshinone synthesis pathway, was constructed and the transgenic hairy roots of Danshen overexpressing CYP76AH1 protein were screened by Western blotting and used as a tissue culture material for the subsequent extraction of protein complex in tanshinone synthesis pathway. By optimizing the type and concentration of the detergent in the protein extraction buffer, the buffer containing 0.5% Triton X-100 was selected as the best extraction buffer, and a relatively large amount of soluble CYP76AH1 protein was isolated. This study lays the foundation for the further separation and purification of protein complexes interacting with CYP76AH1, and provides the idea for deep analysis of tanshinone metabolic pathway.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2333-2338, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248988

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare but potentially life-threatening congenital heart defect. A retrospective analysis was carried out to elucidate the surgical outcomes of ALCAPA in infants and children using follow-up echocardiography.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2008 to March 2017, 26 children diagnosed with ALCAPA underwent left coronary re-implantation. All surviving patients received echocardiography during follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mortality rate after the operation was 11.5%. Before repair, twenty patients (76.9%) presented with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The mean Z-score of the preoperative LV end-diastolic diameter was 4.42 ± 2.09. Mitral regurgitation (MR) was present in all patients. Two patients (7.7%), both with mitral valve prolapse, underwent mitral valve repair at the time of ALCAPA repair. Two children required postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. LV function normalized at a median time of 5.3 months (range: 0.5-36.0 months). The Z-score of the LV end-diastolic diameter decreased simultaneously. The degree of MR gradually decreased in all surviving patients. All patients had patency of the proximal left coronary artery confirmed by echocardiography at the most recent follow-up. Six patients (26.1%) showed supravalvar pulmonary stenosis and seven patients (30.4%) showed right pulmonary stenosis during follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Coronary re-implantation was effective for rebuilding a dual coronary system in patients with ALCAPA and resulted in progressive improved LV function and reduced functional MR. Echocardiography was valuable for evaluating the outcomes. LV function, the degree of MR, and possible complications could be detected with follow-up echocardiography.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350178

ABSTRACT

To observe the protective effect of scutellarin ethyl ester on focal cerebral ischemia injury induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats(MCAOR), and explore its mechanism. Totally 84 male SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups: sham-operated group, model group,positive drug group(niomdipine,12 mg•kg⁻¹), Brevisapin tablets group(48 mg•kg⁻¹), and high, middle and low-dose scutellarin ethyl ester groups(100, 50, 25 mg•kg⁻¹). The MCAOR model was prepared by using thread embolism method to observe the neurological function of rats, the area of cerebral infarction was measured with TTC, and the levels of MDA, SOD and NO in serum were detected with semiautomatic biochemistry analyzer.Ox-LDL and TNF-α cell injury models was established by treating HUVECs with 200 mg•L⁻¹ ox-LDL and 100 μg•L⁻¹ TNF-α,and the levels of MDA, SOD, NO, ET, 6-keto-PGF1α,TXB2, IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, ICAM-1 and PECAM-1 in the cell supernatant were determined. The results showed that scutellarin ethyl ester could effectively improve the neurological function of MCAOR rats, and significantly reduce the area of cerebral infarction. Compared with the model group, activities of SOD and NO in serum increased, while content of MDA decreased. In the cell supernatant, activities of SOD, 6-keto-PGF1α and NO increased, content of IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, ICAM-1, PECAM-1, TXB2, ET and MDA decreased, which indicated that scutellarin ethyl ester has a certain protective effect on focal cerebral ischemia injury induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats, and its mechanism may be related to antioxidative stress, improvement of endothelial function and reduction in inflammatory reaction.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2403-2408, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307400

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The most typical cardiac abnormality is conotruncal defects (CTDs) in patients with 22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). HIRA (histone cell cycle regulator) gene, as one of the candidate genes located at the critical region of 22q11DS, was reported as possibly relevant to CTD in animal models. This study aimed to analyze the level of expression of the HIRA gene in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients and the potential DNA sequence variations in the promoter region.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression was examined with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 39 myocardial tissues of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) from TOF patients and 4 myocardial tissues of RVOT from noncardiac death children. The protein expression was detected using immunohistochemistry in 12 TOF patients and 4 controls. A total of 100 TOF cases and 200 healthy controls were recruited for DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA and protein expressions of the HIRA gene in the myocardium of the TOF patients were both significantly lower as compared to the controls (P < 0.05). Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including g.4111A>G (rs1128399), g.4265C>A (rs4585115), g.4369T>G (rs2277837), g.4371C>A (rs148516780), and g.4543T>C (rs111802956), were found in the promoter region of the HIRA gene. There were no significant differences of frequencies in these SNPs between the TOF patients and the controls (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The abnormal lower expression of the HIRA gene in the myocardium may participate in the pathogenesis of TOF.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Cell Cycle Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Genotype , Histone Chaperones , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Myocardium , Metabolism , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tetralogy of Fallot , Genetics , Metabolism , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328282

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the expression of Ginkgo biloba Tablet (GbT) on scavenger receptor A (SRA) of the aortic wall and changes of serum inflammatory factors in atherosclerotic rats, and to explore its new mechanism for fighting against atherosclerosis (AS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 45 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the control group, the model group, the GbT group, 15 rats in each group. Levels of blood glucose, blood lipids, blood calcium, serum C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (slCAM-1), and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) were measured in all rats. The expression of SRA in the aortic wall of atherosclerotic rats was observed by immunohistochemical assay. The correlation between the expression of SRA and levels of in-flammatory factors was also observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, blood glucose and blood calcium obviously increased (P < 0.05); levels of TG, TC, and LDL-C were significantly elevated (P < 0.01); neointimal areas were significantly thickened, increased intima percentage was significantly enlarged, narrowed lumen index was significantly reduced; levels of CRP, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 were significantly elevated in the model group (all P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, blood glucose and blood calcium obviously decreased (P < 0.05); levels of TG, TC, and LDL-C significantly decreased (P < 0.01) in the GbT group. Aortic lumens were obviously narrower in the model group than in the GbT group (P < 0.05). SRA expressed at the aortic wall. The aforesaid 3 indices were significantly improved in the GbT group than in the model group (P < 0.01). Serum levels of CRP, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 were significantly decreased in the GbT group than in the model group (P < 0.01). Serum levels of CRP, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 were positively correlated with the percentage of SRA positive expression area (r = 0.701, 0.604, 0.581, all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Serum levels of inflammatory factors in atherosclerotic rats were elevated, and the expression of SRA in the aortic wall was enhanced. The expression of SRA was closely correlated with serum levels of inflammatory factors. GbT could decrease serum levels of inflammatory factors and inhibit the expression of SRA.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta , Metabolism , Atherosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Blood Glucose , C-Reactive Protein , Calcium , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Ginkgo biloba , Chemistry , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Blood , Lipids , Blood , Male , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Scavenger Receptors, Class A , Metabolism , Tablets , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Blood
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1824-1827, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332604

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the efficacy and safety of anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin(ATG-F) combined with cyclosporin A(CsA) on patients with severe aplastic anemia (SSA), so as to provide support for clinical work.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to December 2015, 78 patients with SAA admitted in our hospital were divided into 2 groups: ATG-F+CsA group(40 cases) and ATG-F group(38 cases). After treatment for 6 months, the effective rate, side reaction rate and time of effect initiation were compared between 2 groups. The follow-up results were compared between 2 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The effective rate and side reaction rate in ATG-F+CsA group were 100.00% and 32.50% respectively, those in ATG-F group were 94.74% and 44.74% respectively and without statistical significant difference(P>0.05). In ATG-F+CsA group, the time of effect initiation in cured patients, remission and obvious inprovement were (44.9±15.4) d, (68.8±15.9) d and (85.4±17.6) d; in ATG-F group, patients with those were (59.6±11.5) d, (94.7±17.8) d and (119.8±21.4) d respectively, the difference showed statistical significance(P<0.05). The follow-up results were not statistically significantly different between 2 groups(P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ATG-F combined with CsA can shorten the time of effect initiation, and demonstrates reliable safety.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360070

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of rituximab combined with methotrexate on patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty eight patients with central nervous system lymphoma treated in our hospital from February 2008 to September 2011 years were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group. The control group was treated with methotrexate combined with whole brain radiotherapy; the observation group was treated by rituximab combined with methotrexate. The curative efficacy, adverse effects, life quality, and the 1 and 3 year survival rate after 2 cycles of treatment were compared between 2 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate of observation group was 82.76%, which significantly higher than 58.62% of the control group (P < 0.05). In observation group, the incidences of anemia, liver damage, gastrointestinal side effect and oral ulcer were significantly lower than that in control group, respectively (P < 0.05). The physiological function, physical function, health status, social and emotional function in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05), 1 and 3 years survival rates in the observation group were 86.21% and 62.07%, significantly higher than 58.62% and 31.03% in the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Targeted therapy combined with chemotherapy for the primary central nervous system lymphoma can improve the patients' outcomes, reduce adverse effects, and improve the quality of life and survival rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Drug Therapy , Methotrexate , Therapeutic Uses , Quality of Life , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278995

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of echocardiography in the diagnosis of noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (NCVM) and to elucidate the echocardiographic characteristics of NCVM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study included 53 patients (28 boys and 25 girls), with an age for initial diagnosis of 15 days to 18 years, who were diagnosed with NCVM by echocardiography between May 2006 and May 2015. Transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography and color Doppler were performed for qualitative diagnosis, and the end-diastolic non-compacted layer/compacted layer (N/C) ratio measured in the parasternal ventricular short-axis sectional view was selected as the criterion for quantitative diagnosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The excessively prominent ventricular trabeculae and deep inter-trabecular recesses were all seen in 53 cases, and the blood flow in the cardiac chambers was connected to the inter-trabecular recesses. The areas involved in NCVM were mainly the apex (100%) and the middle segment of the left ventricular lateral wall (98%), followed by the middle segment of the left ventricular posterior wall (49%) and the middle segment of the left ventricular inferior wall (42%). In 53 children with NCVM, the N/C ratio was 4.3±1.9 (2.1-10.0). Cardiac insufficiency was found in 83% (44/53) of the children with NCVM, and the left ventricular ejection fraction for these children was (43±9)%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Echocardiography can be used in the qualitative and quantitative diagnosis of NCVM and in the evaluation of cardiac function. The apex and the middle segment of the left ventricular lateral wall are often involved in NCVM, accompanied by decrease in the left ventricular ejection fraction.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Echocardiography , Female , Heart Ventricles , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351245

ABSTRACT

For thousands of years, the natural resource for Chinese materiamedica has been the foundation of the traditional Chinese medicine industry, which provides abundant medicine for human. In recent years, increasing demands and irrational exploitation led to a lot of problems such as rapid decrease of traditional Chinese herbs reserves, low quality of medicine and dismishing traditional cultures. These restricted the development of the traditional Chinese medicine. To solve these problems, scientists have done much work on investigating traditional Chinese medicine resources, exploring the metabolic pathway of bioactive ingredients, cultivating new varieties, and carrying out synthetic biology. These studies provided a theoretical basis for sustainable utilizationand future developmentof traditional Chinese medicine resources.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Conservation of Natural Resources , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Materia Medica , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246081

ABSTRACT

Tanshinones, the main bioactive compounds of Salvia miltiorrhiza, are the diterpenoid pigments, multiple genes were proved to be involved in their biosynthesis in plants. CYP76AH1 is the initial P450 gene in the tanshinones biosynthetic pathway, its function has been validated by yeast expression and in vitroenzymatic reaction. In order to clarify the function of CYP76AH1 in vivo, in this study, we constructedthe RNA interference of CYP7AH1 in S. miltiorrhiza hairy root. The RNA interference vector with a hairpin structure was constructed using the Gateway technology, and then the interference fragment was integrated into the genome of S. miltiorrhiza mediated by Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Several highly CYP76AH1 interference S. miltiorrhiza hairy roots were obtained for further analysis.


Subject(s)
Agrobacterium , Genetics , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Metabolism , Abietanes , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA Interference , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Genetics , Metabolism , Microbiology
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 451-456, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318377

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence,characteristics and risk factors of major abnormal electrocardiogram (MA-ECG) in adults living in Shanghai.Methods The cross-sectional dataset of prevalence survey on diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adults,aged 20-74 years,from Shanghai,in 2007-2008,was analyzed.Demographic information,personal and,family histories of diseases were collected.Physical examination and laboratory tests were done.Subjects underwent examination on resting 12-leads electrocardiogram (ECG),ECG records were coded according to the Minnesota criteria and classified as MA-ECG or non-MA-ECG.Results A total number of 5364 subjects (2003 men,3361 women) were finally included in this analysis.(1) The standardized prevalence of MA-ECG was 7.3% (7.0% in men,7.7% in women).In both genders,the age-specific prevalence of MA-ECG significantly increased with age (Ptrend<0.01).The age-specific prevalence of MA-ECG in youths,middle aged and the elderly were 2.3%,7.7%,and 17.3% in men,and 3.3%,8.8% and 16.4% in women,respectively (both Ptren<0.01).(2) The three most common MA-ECG forms were arrhythmia (28.8%),bundle branch block (26.5%) and ST segment depression (20.0%) in men,while there appeared ST segment depression (44.6%),arrhythmia (23.0%) and combined MA-ECG (11.8%) in women.(3) Data from multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that other than age,coronary heart disease (CHD) was the only independent risk factor of MA-ECG in men,with its corresponding OR being 2.33-2.39; while in women,menopause (OR value:1.72-1.85) and hypertension (OR value:1.33-1.34) were main factors related to MA-ECG.Conclusion MA-ECG was prevalent in the middle aged and the elderly,with,arrhythmia and ST segment depression the most frequent forms of MA-ECG.Age,CHD and hypertension were the main risk factors of MA-ECG in the adults from Shanghai.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2736-2740, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Life-threatening critical congenital heart disease (cCHD) is often not detected in the neonatal period. Unrecognized cCHD results in high morbidity and mortality rates. As a non-invasive, convenient, quick and accurate measuring method, pulse oximetry is considered to be a promising strategy to screen for cCHD in neonates. This article is a review on the neonatal pulse oximetry screening for cCHD.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>Articles on neonatal pulse oximetry screening for cCHD were accessed from PubMed, using keywords including congenital heart defects, neonatal screening and oximetry.</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Original articles and critical reviews selected were relevant to the review's theme.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The factors in the course of implementation, including threshold for positive pulse-oximetry screening results, the pulse oximeters used, timing of the screening, and the measuring position, influence the accuracy of the screening. It is recommended that the screening is completed on the second day of life, before hospital discharge. Motion-tolerant pulse oximeters, which can also be applied to measure the saturation in low-perfusion conditions, should be used. The probe should be put on both the right hand and on one foot. Thresholds of < 95% in either limb or a difference of > 3% between the limbs as a positive result may be appropriate. It should be emphasized that pulse-oximetry screening cannot be used as the only way to detect cCHD, clinical examination is also important in this situation. Cost-benefit analysis in the United Kingdom revealed it was plausible to use pulse oximetry as an adjunct to clinical examination. However, it is still controversial as to whether pulse oximetry can be used as a routine screening method for cCHD in neonates.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Neonatal pulse oximetry screening improves detection of cCHD. Further studies should be carried out before it becomes one of the routine newborn screening programs.</p>


Subject(s)
Cost-Benefit Analysis , Heart Defects, Congenital , Diagnosis , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Screening , Oximetry , Methods
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