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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888044

ABSTRACT

In this study, the compound search was completed through SciFinder and CNKI databases, and the drug-like properties were screened in FAFdrugs4 and SEA Search Server databases. In addition, based on the target sets related to acute myocardial ischemia(AMI) searched in disease target databases such as OMIM database, GeneCards database and DrugBank, a network diagram of chemical component-target-pathway-disease was established via Cytoscape to predict the potential active components of Corydalis Herba, a traditional Tibetan herbal medicine which derived from the aerial parts of Corydalis hendersonii and C. mucronifera against AMI. A protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed through the STRING database and the core targets in the network were predicted. And the enrichment analyses of core targets were completed by DAVID database and R software. Furthermore, a molecular docking method was used to verify the binding of the components with core targets using softwares such as Autodock Vina. The present results showed that there were 60 compounds related to AMI in Corydalis Herba, involving 73 potential targets. The GO functional enrichment analysis obtained 282 biological processes(BP), 49 cell components(CC) and 78 molecular functions(MF). KEGG was enriched into 85 pathways, including alcoholism pathway, endocrine resistance pathway, calcium signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway and adrenergic signaling transduction pathway of myocardial cells. The results of network topology analysis showed that the key components of anti-AMI of Corydalis Herba might be tetrahydropalmatine, etrahydrocolumbamine, N-trans-feruloyloctopamine, N-cis-p-coumaroyloctopamine, N-trans-p-coumaroylnoradrenline and N-trans-p-coumaroyloctopamine, and their core targets might be CDH23, SCN4 B and NFASC. The results of molecular docking showed that the key components of Corydalis Herba had stable binding activity with the core targets. This study provides reference for further elucidation of the pharmacological effects of Corydalis Herba against AMI, subsequent clinical application, and development.


Subject(s)
Corydalis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Myocardial Ischemia/drug therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887975

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases seriously endanger human health and life. The accompanying myocardial injury has been a focus of attention in society. Chinese medicine,serving as a natural and precious reservoir for the research and development of new drugs,is advantageous in resisting myocardial injury due to its multi-component,multi-pathway,and multi-target characteristics. In recent years,with the extensive application of culture method for isolated cardiomyocytes,a cost-effective,controllable in vitro model of cardiomyocyte injury with uniform samples is becoming a key tool for mechanism research on cardiomyocyte injury and drug development.A good in vitro model can reduce experimental and manpower cost,and also accurately stimulate clinical changes to reveal the mechanism. Therefore,the selection and establishment of in vitro model are crucial for the in-depth research. This study summarized the modeling principles,evaluation indicators,and application of more than ten models reflecting different clinical conditions,such as injuries induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation,hypertrophy,oxidative stress,inflammation,internal environmental disturbance,and toxicity. Furthermore,we analyzed advantages and technical difficulties,aiming to provide a reference for in-depth research on myocardial injury mechanism and drug development.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Humans , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Oxidative Stress
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873075

ABSTRACT

Four commonly used medicinal plants of genus Ilex, including I. pubescens, I. asprella, I. rotunda, and I. latifolia, have been extensively used in clinic. The Ilex plants contain triterpenes and their glycosides, flavones, phenols and other compositions, and their have the pharmacological activities of anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antithrombosis, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection, etc. Among them, I. pubescens has significant pharmacological activities in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, but there are few studies on clinical application. There are a few literature reports on the anti-inflammatory, lowering blood lipids, anti-oxidation, anti-bacterial and anti-viral activities of I. asprella, which is clinically used in the treatment of upper respiratory diseases and infectious diseases. I. rotunda has strong activities of antithrombosis and anti-inflammatory, it is clinically used for the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease. I. latifolia shows activities of hypolipidemic, antitumor, antibacterial and antioxidant, and its leaves are often used in the treatment of hypertension. This review summarized the research progress on the pharmacological effects and clinical applications of commonly used medicinal plants of this genus in recent years, in order to provide basis for their clinical applications, and provide useful reference for the further development of the research direction and the development of medicines and health products.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828079

ABSTRACT

Zerumbone(ZER), one of humulane-type sesquiterpenoids, showed its unique advantage against tumor activities. The main underlying mechanisms include inhibiting the growth and proliferation of cancer cells, inducing apoptosis of cancer cells and differentiation of cancer cells, regulating immune function, inhibiting invasion and metastasis of cancer cells, and reversing multidrug resistance of cancer cells. Studies on ZER focusing its cytotoxic or anti-tumor is one of hot topic. Currently, with the increasing studies on ZER, the clarified mechanisms are getting rich. The present paper describes a summary of its anti-tumor mechanism of action and helps to provide significant reference to more in-depth research.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Sesquiterpenes , Pharmacology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827978

ABSTRACT

Bawei Chenxiang Powder is a traditional Tibetan folk medicine formula, consisting of resinous wood of Aquilaria sinensis, kernel of Myristica fragrans, fruit of Choerospondias axillaris, travertine, resin of Boswellia carterii or B. bhaw-dajiana, stem of Aucklandia lappa, fruit of Terminalia chebula(roasted), and flower of Gossampinus malabarica. It has the function of clearing heart heat, nourishing heart, tranquilizing mind, and inducing resuscitation, which has been used for the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Modern research shows that the medicine materials of this formula mainly contain terpenoids like sesquiterpenes and triterpenes and polyphenols like flavonoids, lignans, and tannins, displaying some pharmacological activities such as anti-myocardial ischemia, anti-cerebral ischemia, and spatial learning and memory promotion. This review summaries the traditional uses, chemical constituents, and pharmacological activities research progress, hopefully to provide a reference for clarification of its pharmacological active ingredients.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Terminalia , Tibet
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878853

ABSTRACT

Saussurea lappa originates in India, and now mainly grow in Yunnan, Sichuan and other places in China. It is one of the commonly used traditional herbal medicines in Tibet and other minority regions, with effects in regulating qi to relieve pain and invigo-rating spleen to promote food. It has been used in clinic for gastrointestinal diseases, such as Qi stagnation syndrome of spleen and stomach, diarrhea and tenesmus. More than 200 compounds have been identified from S. lappa. Among them, sesquiterpenoids attracted much attention. In terms of the number of compounds, eudesmanetype is dominant, guaiane and germacranetypes have also been reported frequently. Pharmacological studies have involved extracts, volatile oils and monomeric components represented by dehydrocostus lactone. Anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects on digestive system have attracted great attention. However, due to the complex sources of S. lappa and widely used in clinical practice, there is few research progress on relevant chemical constituents and pharmacological activities. This paper systematically summarizes terpenes and the pharmacological effects of S. lappa, in order to provide basis for further studies and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
China , Plant Extracts , Saussurea , Sesquiterpenes , Terpenes , Tibet
7.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1951-1957, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Eaglewood is a commonly used precious herbal medicine. Due to the multiple drug effects and shortage of medicinal resources, it is currently a hot research topic. Chinese agarwood essential oil (CEEO) is the main active ingredient of eaglewood. To investigate the anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of CEEO. METHODS: The anti-inflammatory effect of CEEO was evaluated on xylene-induced ear edema in mice and carrageenan-induced paw swelling in rats. The production and transcription levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-6 were detected by ELISA or quantitative RT-PCR in LPS-activated RAW264.7 macrophages. The protein levels of p-transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and p-IκBα/p-NF-κBp65 were detected by Western blot analysis. The chemical profiles of CEEO were identified by GC-MS. RESULTS: Intragastric administration with CEEO (60-960 mg•kg-1 in mice and 680 mg•kg-1 in rats) produced significant anti-inflammatory effect in vivo, the highest inhibition percentages were 73% and 51%, respectively (P<0.001). After treatment with CEEO (10, 5, and 2.5 μg•mL-1), ELISA and RT-PCR analysis showed that the production and mRNA level of IL-1β and IL-6 were attenuated by 68% and 39%, 64% and 52% (P<0.001), respectively, at the highest concentration. Western blot analysis showed that CEEO (680 mg•kg-1, ig) significantly restrained the phosphorylation of STAT3 by 21% (P<0.05). Totally 117 compounds were identified in CEEO by GC-MS analysis and the chemical analysis revealed that sesquiterpenoids were the major compounds (68.83%). CONCLUSION: This study shows for the first time that intragastric administration of CEEO has significant anti-inflammatory effect, which may be due to the suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-6 by reducing the overexpression of p-STAT3, thereby inhibiting the occurrence and development of inflammation. The anti-inflammatory effect of CEEO may be related to the primary component sesquiterpenoids.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the level of IgG antibody to varicella in the healthy population aged 1-19 years in Harbin, China.@*METHODS@#Random sampling was performed to select 1 203 healthy individuals aged 1-19 years in Harbin. According to age, they were divided into ≥1 years group (n=240), ≥4 years group (n=396), ≥7 years group (n=364) and 14-19 years group (n=203). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the concentration of varicella-zoster virus (VZV)-IgG antibody in serum, and a concentration of VZV-IgG antibody of ≥100 mIU/mL was considered positive, suggesting that the subject had the ability to resist VZV infection.@*RESULTS@#The overall positive rate of VZV-IgG antibody was 71.49% (860/1 203), and the concentration of VZV-IgG antibody was 447±17 mIU/mL. The concentration of VZV-IgG antibody tended to increase with age (P<0.05). The positive rate of VZV-IgG antibody in the urban population was significantly higher than that in the rural population (P<0.05). There was significant difference in the positive rate of VZV-IgG antibody between the populations with different doses of varicella vaccination (P<0.05), and the population with 2 doses of vaccination had the highest positive rate of VZV-IgG antibody. There was a significant difference in the concentration of VZV-IgG antibody between the populations with different medical histories (P<0.05), and the population with a past history of varicella had the highest concentration.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among the healthy population aged 1-19 years in Harbin, there is a significant difference in the level of VZV-IgG antibody between the urban and rural populations, as well as between different age groups. Varicella vaccination should be strengthened in areas with a low vaccination rate and the population aged <14 years.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antibodies, Viral , Chickenpox , Epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Infant , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775412

ABSTRACT

Usnic acid and its derivatives, a group of organic molecules with great importance, are characteristic to lichens, possessing pharmacological activities such as anti-virus, anti-bacteria, anti-humor, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anaesthetic effects. Many of them have been widely used as medicine, but also bring side effects such as dermatitis and liver damages. In the past decades, great efforts by isolation, organic synthesis, and structure modification methods were put on discovery of UA derivatives with higher biological activities or less side effects. This paper describes herein the most progress on natural sources, isolation and structure elucidation, structural characteristics, synthesis and modification results, pharmacological activities and toxicities of UA and its derivatives, hopefully to provide valuable reference for further research.


Subject(s)
Benzofurans , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Biological Products , Lichens , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335800

ABSTRACT

Meconopsis horridula is one of alpine plants belonging to family Papaveraceae, mainly distributed in Himalaya Range area. M. horridula is a rare alpine flower, and is a kind of traditional Tibetan medicine, which has been included in more than 40 compound formulae, having efficacies of clearing away heat and alleviating pain, activating blood circulation to remove stasis, traditionally used for the treatment of fractures, injuries, and chest and back pains. Modern research shows that the whole plant of M. horridula contains alkaloids, flavonoids, and terpenes, and its pharmacological activities including antitumor, antivirus and myocardial protection etc. However, due to various factors, the current research of M.horridula still faces many challenges. This paper summaries herein a progress of MH on its ecological resources, traditional uses, and studies on chemical constituents and pharmacological effects, hopefully to provide a useful reference for the ecological protection and applications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250476

ABSTRACT

Sixteen compounds were isolated from lichen Usnea longissima using of various chromatographic techniques including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, and semi-preparative HPLC. By spectroscopic data analyses, their structures were identified by as useanol(1), lecanorin(2), 3-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-6-methylbenzoate(3), lecanorin E(4), 3'-methylevernic acid(5), evernic acid(6), barbatinic acid(7), 3,7-dihydroxy-1,9-dimethyldibenzofuran(8), orcinol(9), O-methylorcinol(10), methyl orsellinate(11), methyl everninate(12), 2,5-dimethyl-1,3-benzenediol(13), 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-3,6-dimethyl benzoic acid(14), ethyl everninate(15), and ethyl 2,4-dihydroxy-6-methylbenzoate(16). Compound 1 was obtained as a natural product for the first time, and 3,4, 8,10,12, and 13 were isolated from Usneaceae family for the first time. Compound 1, 8, and 13 showed significant anti-inflammatory activity against NO production in RAW 267.4 cells with IC₅₀ values of 6.8, 3.9 and 4.8 μmol•L⁻¹, respectively, compared with the positive controls curcumin(IC₅₀ 15.3 μmol•L⁻¹) and indomethacin(IC₅₀ 42.9 μmol•L⁻¹).

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330363

ABSTRACT

Litsea cubeba is one of aromatic medicinal plant belonging to family Lauraceae. The roots, stems and fruits of L. cubeba have been widely applied as folk medicines in some districts in China for relieving rheumatism and cold, regulating Qi (meridian) to alleviate pain. Previous studies revealed that this species contains major alkaloids, in specific aporphines, and minor flavonoids, lignans as well. Related pharmacological investigations demonstrated its activities and clinical applications on cardiovascular diseases, anti-cancer, against rheumatoid arthritis, relieving asthma and anti-allergic effects, as anti-oxidants, and so on. As an effort for further exploration of this bioactive ingredients and potential drug development, this paper summarizes most phytochemical and pharmacological results. Further, future prospects are also included.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Therapy , Humans , Litsea , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330346

ABSTRACT

Persicae Semen (PS), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used for the syndrome of blood stasis in China since the Eastern Han Dynasty. In the present study, we developed an HPLC-UV fingerprint analysis method for the quality control of PS. The HPLC fingerprint was performed on Shimadzu Inertsil C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) at 35 degrees C. The mobile phases were composed of acetonitrile and water using a gradient elution. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1), and the detection wavelength was set at 210 nm. The fingerprint method was validated according to the Guidelines for Traditional Chinese Medicine Injection Fingerprint, and applied to determine 41 batches representative herbs collected from Xinjiang of China. The chromatographic peaks were characterized by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, and nine of them were identified by comparison with the literature and/or reference standards. In order to classify and assess the samples, hierarchical clustering analysis and partial least square discriminant analysis were performed based on the common chromatographic peaks, and the samples were geographically classified into two classes, with six chemical compounds as classification markers which were significantly different between the two classes (P < 0.05).


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Prunus , Chemistry , Quality Control , Seeds , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310957

ABSTRACT

A phytochemical investigation on the roots and stems of Litsea cubeba led to the isolation of seven isoquinolone alkaloids. By spectroscopic analysis and comparison of their 1H and 13C-NMR data with those in literatures, these alkaloids were identified as (+)-norboldine (1), (+)-boldine (2), (+)-reticuline (3), (+)-laurotetanine (4), (+)-isoboldine (5), (+)-N-methyl-laurotetanine (6), and berberine (7), respectively. Among them, 7 was isolated from the genus for the first time. The evaluation of these compounds showed weak anti-inflammatory activity against NO production in RAW 267.4 and BV-2 cells.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Litsea , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321340

ABSTRACT

It was estimated that about 428 species of genus Corydalis are distributed all worldwide, with about 298, especially 10 groups and 219 species being uniquely spread in China. The genus Corydalis have been widely employed as folk medicines in China, especially as traditional Tibetan medicines, for treatment of fever, hepatitis, edema, gastritis, cholecystitis, hypertension and other diseases. The phytochemical studies revealed that isoquinoline alkaloids are its major bioactive ingredients. The extensive biological researches suggested its pharmacological activities and clinic applications against cardiovascular diseases and central nervous system, antibacterial activities, analgesic effects, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation and anti-injury for hepatocyte, and so on. As an effort in promoting the research of pharmacodynamic ingredients, this article presents an overview focusing on the distribution, phytochemical and pharmacological results of Corydalis species that have been applied in traditional Tibetan medicinal, hopefully to provide a reference for the new Tibetan medicine development from Corydalis plant resource.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Animals , Anti-Infective Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Corydalis , Chemistry , Classification , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Mice , Molecular Structure , Phytotherapy
16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 512-515, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643118

ABSTRACT

Objective As brucellosis epidemic is constantly rising in Harbin in recent years,we analyze the epidemic and surveillance results at municipal surveillance spots of brucellosis from 2008 to 2012,to find out the epidemic characteristics of Harbin brucellosis,and to provide scientific evidences for development of countermeasures.Methods Brucellosis surveillance data which were collected from the National Diseases Surveillance Information Management System from 2008 to 2010,the epidemic characteristics of Harbin brucellosis (including regional,time and population distribution) and the municipal surveillance results in Harbin (including epidemiological investigation and serological surveillance) were analyzed.Results A total of 1348 cases of brucellosis were reported in Harbin from 2008 to 2012,and the incidence of brucellosis increased from 1.79 per 100 000 to 4.62 per 100 000; in addition to Pingfang District (2008-2011) and Fangzheng County(2009 and 2011),all eighteen districts (counties or cities) in Harbin had reported epidemic in the past five years,the highest incidence was in Yilan (382 cases),and the incidence was significantly increased in Shuangcheng(111 cases) and Binxian(73 cases) in 2012; the time of onset focused on March to July,which accounted for 62.54%(843/1348) of annual incidence; age distribution,mainly young adults aged 30 to 60(71.59%,965/1348); gender distribution predominantly male (75.45%,1017/1348) ; occupational distribution farmers(84.87%,1144/1348),and the number of infected students and house workers were also high in the past five years(4.23%,57/1348 and 2.52%,34/1348).In the municipal surveillance spots from 2008 to 2012,13 010 cases were surveyed,of which 2695 cases received serological test,the positive rate was 3.93% (106/2695),and the positive rate was increasing year by year.Conclusions The incidence of Harbin brucellosis is increasing year by year,onset season mainly in the spring and summer,young men with a high incidence,and farmers are main professional people.Brucellosis has also occurred among students,domestic workers,which should be vigilant.Therefore,we should further strengthen surveillance,timely analyze and report the epidemic,and provide a scientific basis to ensure each measure of eliminating the sources of infection put in place,vigorously develop health education,strengthen inter-departments cooperation,and control the spread of epidemic.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 311-314, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642373

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate current iodine nutritional status of different groups of people in Harbin city, and to provide the basis for development of salt iodization standard and scientific iodine supplementation.MethodsThree urban districts and three surrounding counties were chosen in Harbin,2011.In each chosen urban district and county,one district office (township) was selected,and one residents committee (village) was chosen in each of the district office(township),and 30 households were selected by systematic sampling.Iodized salt,water iodine and iodine intake per capita were investigated.In each of the residents committee (village),20 adults aged 18 - 45,30 pregnant women or lactating women,and 100 school children aged 8 - 10 were selected.Urine samples were collected and urinary iodine level were tested.Salt iodine was determined by direct titration,water and urinary iodine by arsenic cerium catalytic spectrophotometry.Iodine uptake and iodine nutritional status of different populations in Harbin urban and rural areas were compared.ResultsThe edible rate of qunlified iodized salt were 93.3%(84/90) and 96.3%(156/162) in Harbin urban and rural residents,respectively,which were all greater than 90%,and the highest value of salt iodine were 38.3,46.0 mg/kg,respectively,in urban and rural areas,which all did not exceed the upper limit(50 mg/kg) of qualified iodized salt,but there were some samples of salt iodine content below the national standard(20 mg/kg).Water iodine value in urban and rural areas,even the highest value(9.40,8.40 μg/L),was failed to meet the national standard 10 μg/L; salt eaten by rural people perperson a day(8.33 g) was significantly higher than that of the urban people(7.03 g,Z=- 2.750,P < 0.01); in addition to rural children aged 8 - 10,whose urinary iodine value(228.6 μg/L) was higher,the values in urban and rural adults ( 111.3,195.6 μg/L),pregnant women ( 193.0,172.9 μg/L),lactating women ( 128.4,173.7 μg/L)and urban children ( 186.8 μg/L ) were all in appropriate level.The urinary iodine medians ( 195.6,228.6 μg/L )of adults and children in rural were significantly higher than that of urban adults and children(111.3,186.8 μg/L,Z =- 2.294,- 5.434,P < 0.05 or < 0.01,respectively).Population composition of iodine deficiency in both urban and rural adults,lactating and pregnant women[46.7%(28/60),21.6%(13/60) ; 21.1%(19/90),21.3% (18/89) ; 27.8% ( 25/90 ),42.2% (38/90) ] were significantly higher than that of the population composition with iodine excess[4.6%(4/60),5.0%(3/60) ; 16.7%(15/90),16.9%(15/89) ; 4.4%(4/90),0.0%(0/90)],but proportion of iodine excessive population in rural children [26.3%(79/300)] was significantly higher than proportion of iodine deficiency[5.6%(17/300)].ConclusionsThe natural environment of Harbin city is still in the iodinedeficient state.In addition to children in rural areas,the iodine intake and iodine nutrition level is basically appropriate; the risk of disease caused by iodine deficiency in adults,lactating and pregnant women is higher than by iodine excess,but the situation of children in rural is on the opposite.Therefore,we should strengthen the monitoring of different populations,and supplement iodine scientifically based on their need.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361054

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of anti-inflammatory effect and it's mechansim of Qufeng Zhitong capsule on the collagen-induced arthritis rat through the study of arthritis, joint inflammation and joint erosions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty male SD rat were assigned to 5 groups: normal control group, arthritis model group, and Qufeng Zhitong capsule treatment group (including low, medium and high doses), each group contains 10 rats. Arthritis were induced by immunization with type II collagen (CII) in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). After administered Qufeng Zhitong capsule 2 weeks, the volume of back foot of arthritis rat were detected, and the histology changes of the ankle joints of the arthritis rat were studied. The serum levels of IL-10 and TNF-alpha were measured by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treated with Qufeng Zhitong capsule, the swelling of the paw of the rats were significantly decreased compared with the controls. Histology study demonstrated that the Qufeng Zhitong capsule treatment could reduce the synovium hyperplasia and inflammatory cell infiltration, the inhibitory effects were in accordance with the doses of the drug. The serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine of TNF-alpha in the arthritis rat were not changed significantly, while the serum levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine of IL-10 were elevated significantly after treated with Qufeng Zhitong capsule.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Qufeng Zhitong capsule can inhibit the synovium hyperplasia and cartilage erosion by stimulating the serum levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine of IL-10 and suggest it can be a candidate of treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Ankle Joint , Pathology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Arthritis, Experimental , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Capsules , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukin-10 , Blood , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Synovial Membrane , Pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295434

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of sinomenine on apoptosis in cutured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes induced by H2O2 and its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>H2O2 was used to build an oxidative stress-induced injury model in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes after being treated with sinomenine (10, 30, 100 micromol L(-1)), the apoptosis rate, the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), the activity of superoxide dimutase (SOD), the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and expression of NF-kappaB protein of the Cardiomyocytes were examined.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the model group, the apoptosis rate and the content of MDA, LDH decreased greatly (P < 0.01), and the activity of SOD increased distinctly (P < 0.01) after being treated by sinomenine (10, 30, 100 micromol x L(-1)).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sinomenine can inhibit the apoptosis induced by H2O2 in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. The protective mechanism could be related to its ability to reduce lipid pexosidation and to inhibit cardiomyocyte expression of NF-kappaB protein.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Gene Expression Regulation , Hydrogen Peroxide , Toxicity , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Morphinans , Pharmacology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307557

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of total flaveos of Gymostemma pentaphyllum on the protein expression of apoptosis-associated Fas/FasL gene and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) concentration in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes with hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A cultured primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes model with H/R was erected, experiments were divided into six groups, (1)control group, (2)H/R group, (3)15 mg x L(-1) TFG plus H/R group, (4)45 mg x L(-1) TFG plus H/R group, (5) 105 mg x L(-1) TFG plus H/R group, (6)105 mg x L(-1) TFG group. TNF-aconcentration in cultured cardiomyocytes with H/R, was determined by ELISA method, the protein expression of Fas/FasL genes were estimated by immunohisto-chemistry.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After cardiomyocytes were made with H/R, Compared with control group, the positive expression index (PEI) of Fas/FasL proteins in cardiomyocytes increased significantly, Compared with H/R groups, the PEI of Fas/FasL proteins were lower significantly in groups with different dosages of TFG (P < 0.05). TFG inhibited the secretion of TNF-alpha from myocardial cells and increased the survival rate of myocardial cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The protein expression of apoptosis-associated Fas/FasL genes increased during H/R. The TFG can protect myocardium against H/R injury by decreasing the production of TNF-alpha, downregulating the protein expression of Fas/FasL genes, and then inhibiting myocyte apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fas Ligand Protein , Metabolism , Flavones , Pharmacology , Gynostemma , Chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Oxygen Consumption , Physiology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
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