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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921649

ABSTRACT

The present study observed the effect of Guanxin Zhitong Capsules(GXZT) on the lipotoxicity of vascular endothelial cells and investigated the mechanism of GXZT in atherosclerosis treatment. The lipotoxicity model in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) was induced by palmitic acid(PA) stimulation. These cells were divided into a normal control group(NC, 15% normal serum), a model group(PA, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% normal serum), a high-dose GXZT group(GXZT-H, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% GXZT-medicated serum), a medium-dose GXZT group(GXZT-M, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+10% GXZT-medicated serum+5% normal serum) and a low-dose GXZT group(GXZT-L, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+5% GXZT-medicated serum+10% normal serum). HUVECs were detected for cell viability by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay, apoptosis by flow cytometry, mitochondrial membrane potential(MMP) by JC-1 labeled laser scanning confocal microscopy, and total and phosphorylated proteins of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2 in the mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPK) signaling pathway by Western blot. The phosphorylated level was calcula-ted. Compared with the NC group, the PA group showed decreased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01), elevated apoptosis(P<0.01), and up-regulated phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). Compared with the PA group, the GXZT-H, GXZT-M, and GXZT-L groups showed increased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01), reduced apoptosis(P<0.01), and down-regulated protein expression and phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2 and JNK1/2 in the MAPK signaling pathway(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). In conclusion, the results suggest that GXZT functions via blocking MAPK signaling pathway to relieve the damage of HUVECs induced by PA.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Capsules , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Palmitic Acid/toxicity , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879850

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of different melatonin treatment regimens on long-term behavior and white matter damage in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and to seek an optimal melatonin treatment regimen.@*METHODS@#Healthy Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into four groups: sham-operation, HIBD, single-dose immediate treatment (SDIT), and 7-day continuous treatment (7DCT), with 8 rats in each group. A neonatal rat model of HIBD was prepared according to the classical Rice-Vannucci method. On day 21 after HIBD, the Morris water maze test was used to evaluate spatial learning and memory abilities. On day 70 after HIBD, immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the expression of neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampal CA1 region of neonatal rats, and double-label immunofluorescence was used to measure the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) and neurofilament 200 (NF200) in the corpus striatum and the corpus callosum.@*RESULTS@#The results of the Morris water maze test showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the SDIT group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both SDIT and 7DCT can improve long-term behavior and reduce white matter damage in neonatal rats with HIBD, and 7DCT is more effective than SDIT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/drug therapy , Melatonin/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , White Matter
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846634

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effect and targets of enriched components from Polygonum cuspidatum on HIV-1 in vitro. Methods: Four extracts of P. cuspidatum were screened by HIV-1 multi-target screening system based on the surface plasmon resonance. The highly active components were obtained by NHS-activated HiTrap conjugated with integrase. The anti-HIV activity of the sample was determined with TZM-bl infection assay and PBMCs infection assay. The inhibition of HZ60-IN on integrase 3’ processing was detected by fluorescence resonance energy transfer analysis. High-throughput ELISA was used to determine the effect of enriched active ingredients of P. cuspidatum (HZ60-IN) on integrase chain transfer; Effects of HZ60-IN on reverse transcriptase and protease were detected by kit. Results: HZ60-IN displayed higher affinity with integrase. HZ60-IN demonstrated potent antiviral activity against NL4.3 and 1084i strains in TZM-bl cells with the IC50 of (31.94 ± 8.96) and (38.07 ± 11.25) μg/mL, respectively. HZ60-IN showed significant inhibition on HIV-1 NL4.3 strains in PBMCs from two donors. HZ60-IN acted on the integrase with the IC50 of (6.54 ± 1.69) μg/mL for 3’ processing and (2.56 ± 0.97) μg/mL for strand transfer activity. It showed weak effects on the entry stage of HIV infection, with weak inhibitory activity on reverse transcriptase and no effect on protease activity. Conclusion: HZ60-IN showed significant inhibitive effect on HIV-1 replication and might specifically interfere with integrase activities.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846573

ABSTRACT

Jia-mo Chen who was a Xinan medical scientist put forward the theory of “Salt-processing enhancing drug into kidney meridian” recorded in “Enlightening Primer of Materia Medica”, which has great significance for the clinical application of Chinese medicine processing excipients. In recent years, scholars have done a lot of research work on the chemical composition and pharmacological effect changes of Chinese medicines and related prescriptions before and after salt-processing, and preliminarily explained the scientific connotation of the processing theory of “salt-processing enhancing drug into kidney meridian” of Chinese materia medica (CMM). According to the literatures of recent years studies, the research progress on processing theory of “Salt-processing enhancing drug into kidney meridian” of CMM was summarized and concluded from the perspective of chemical composition and pharmacological effects changes, and the problems of the present study were analyzed, which put forward new research idea for the theory of “salt-processing enhancing drug into kidney meridian” combined with modern research methods.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of Loulu Shengma Tang combined with azithromycin in the treatment of pediatric mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(MPP) with obstruction of lung by pathogenic heat, and its effect on inflammatory factors, treg and Foxp3 mRNA. Method:Totally 274 children with MPP were divided into observation group (137 cases) and control group (137 cases). Observation group was treated with Loulu Shengma Tang combined with azithromycin dry suspension, while control group was treated with azithromycin dry suspension alone. The changes of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome score of pathogenic-heat obstruction in the lung, serum inflammatory cytokines [interleukin-6 (IL-6),interleukin-10 (IL-10),tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),C-reactive protein (CRP)], CD4+CD25+Treg, CD4+Foxp3+Treg and Foxp3 mRNA expressions were observed after treatment. The clinical efficacy and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between two groups. Result:The total effective rate of observation group was 94.16%(129/137) after treatment, which was significantly higher than 77.37% (106/137)of observation group (P<0.05). The disappearance times of cough, lung rale, fever and lung shadow in observation group were shorter than that in control group (P<0.05). After treatment, TCM syndrome score of pathogenic-heat obstruction in lung was significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05), serum IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and CRP levels in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group (P<0.05, P<0.01), while CD4+CD25+Treg, CD4+Foxp3+Treg and Foxp3 mRNA expressions were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in observation group was 7/137 (5.11%), which was significantly lower than 16/137 (11.68%) in control group. Conclusion:The clinical efficacy of Loulu Shengma Tang combined with azithromycin dry suspension in the treatment of pediatric MPP and its effect on serum inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, CRP), regulatory T cells and Foxp3 mRNA expressions were better than those of azithromycin dry suspension alone. The incidence of adverse reactions of Loulu Shengma Tang was lower than that of azithromycin dry suspension alone.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828004

ABSTRACT

To reveal the processing mechanism of Chrysanthemi Flos from the changes of chemical compositions after frying and its effect on the efficacy of liver protection. Ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and ultra high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) were used for the qualitative and quantitative researches of chemical compositions before and after Chrysanthemi Flos frying. Progenesis QI and SPSS software were used for principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), variable importance projection(VIP) analysis and t-test to identify the compositions with significant changes. Pharmacodynamics experiment was used to investigate the protective effect of crude and fried Chrysanthemi Flos on CCl_4-induced acute liver injury in mice. According to mass spectrometry data, there were 28 chemical compositions in crude and fried Chrysanthemi Flos, mainly including flavonoids and organic acids. 13 compositions such as luteolin, apigenin and luteolin glycoside were increased significantly after frying, while 7 compositions such as chlorogenic acid, luteolin-7-O-glucuronide and apigenin-7-O-glucuronide were decreased significantly after frying. Through principal component analysis, crude and fried Chrysanthemi Flos products were divided into two categories, indicating that there were internal differences in quality. The results of liver injury protection experiment in mice showed that the AST, ALT and MDA contents were significantly decreased and SOD level was increased in mice with liver injury in both the high and medium dose groups. Histopathological examination showed that crude and fried Chrysanthemi Flos can protect the liver by reducing inflammatory cell infiltration, reducing steatosis, and repairing damaged liver cells. The results of this study showed that the chemical compositions had obvious changes after frying, and both crude and fried Chrysanthemis Flos had protective effects on CCl_4-induced acute liver injury in mice. In addition, in the range of high, medium and low doses, the liver protection effect of crude and fried Chrysanthemi Flos increased with the increase of dose. The experiment results provided reference for the mechanism of fried Chrysanthemi Flos and clinical selection of processed products.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chrysanthemum , Flavonoids , Flowers , Chemistry , Liver , Chemistry , Mice
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827935

ABSTRACT

In order to clarify the main chemical constituents of Huangdi Anxiao Capsules, an ultra-high performance liquid coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) combined with Waters UNIFI software were successfully used to rapidly identify the chemical constituents in Huangdi Anxiao Capsules. The mass spectrometry data of chemical constituents from Huangdi Anxiao Capsules were collected by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E, and their structures were identified by the results of UNIFI software according to relative retention time of reference standards, MS feature fragments and literature data of each compound. A total of 100 compounds in Huangdi Anxiao Capsules were identified, including 25 compounds from Pueraria Lobate Radix, 22 compounds from Coptis Rhizoma, 6 compounds from Ophiopogonis Radix, 14 compounds from Eriobotryae Folium, 22 compounds from Rehmanniae Radix, and 15 compounds from Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. Among them, 3 compounds were common components. These 100 compounds included flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins and organic acids. This study systematically analyzed the chemical composition of Huangdi Anxiao Capsules, so as to provide evidences for defining the chemical material basis of Huangdi Anxiao Capsules.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mass Spectrometry , Rhizome , Software
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778305

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the adults smoking status of Hui and Han in Ningxia. Methods Among 6 monitoring sites in Ningxia from 2013 to 2014, multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used, information about risk factors of chronic diseases by were collected questionnaire investigation, a total of 3 527 subjects were effective sample for smoking analysis among 3 540 adults aged 18 and over. After the complex weighting, the smoking status of different nationalities, sexes and age was analyzed. Results The current smoking rate was 29.42% (95% CI:27.91%-30.92%), the current smoking rate of male(56.73%, 95% CI:54.25%-59.20%) was higher than female (0.92%, 95% CI:0.50%-1.34%) (P<0.001); The current smoking rate of Han (32.04%, 95% CI:30.24%-33.85%) was higher than Hui (23.09%, 95% CI:20.41%-25.76%). The daily smoking rate of Han (27.98%, 95% CI: 26.25%-29.72%) was higher than that of Hui nationality (19.83%, 95% CI:17.30%-22.36%) (P=0.001), and that of male (49.41%, 95% CI: 46.92%-51.91%) was higher than that of female (0.73%, 95% CI: 0.36%-1.11%) (P<0.001). The average daily smoking of male (20) was higher than that of female (8) (Z=-4.448, P<0.001). Smokers quit smoking rate was 12.54% (95% CI:10.50%-14.57%). Adult secondhand smoke exposure rate was 54.44% (95% CI:52.53%-56.36%). Conclusions The smoking rate of adult residents is high in Ningxia province, but the quit smoking rate is low, male smoking rate is higher than female, Han smoking rates higher than the Hui. The sample population was highly exposed to secondhand smoke. Tobacco control interventions should be taken against high-risk groups.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of different melatonin treatment regimens on the proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and long-term histopathology in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and to identify better melatonin treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 Sprague-Dawley rats aged 7 days were randomly divided into normal control, HIBD, single-dose immediate melatonin treatment (SDIT), and 7-day continuous melatonin treatment (7DCT) groups, with 24 rats in each group. The rat model of HIBD was prepared by isolation and electrocoagulation of the right common carotid artery as well as hypoxic treatment in a hypoxic chamber (oxygen concentration 8.00% ± 0.01%) for 2 hours. On day 7 after modeling, proliferating cell nuclear antigen/Nestin double-labeling immunofluorescence was used to measure the proliferation of endogenous NSCs in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) region in 8 rats in each group, and Western blot was used to measure the protein expression of Nestin in brain. On day 28 after modeling, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Nissl staining were used to observe the changes in the histopathology and the number of pyramidal cells in the hippocampal CA1 region in 8 rats in each group.@*RESULTS@#Immunofluorescent staining showed that compared with the HIBD group, the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significant increase in the number of PCNA+Nestin+DAPI+ cells, and the 7DCT group had a significantly higher number than the SDIT group (P<0.01). Western blot showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had significantly higher protein expression of Nestin than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had significantly higher expression than the SDIT group (P<0.05). HE staining showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had alleviated cell injury, and Nissl staining showed that compared with the HIBD group, the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significant increase in the number of pyramidal cells, and the 7DCT group had a significantly higher number than the SDIT group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both single-dose immediate melatonin treatment and 7-day continuous melatonin treatment can promote the proliferation of endogenous NSCs and alleviate long-term histological injury in the brain of neonatal rats with HIBD. A 7-day continuous melatonin treatment has a better effect than single-dose immediate melatonin treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Cell Proliferation , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Melatonin , Neural Stem Cells , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852192

ABSTRACT

Studies on the effective material basis of Chinese materia medica (CMM), which is critical for clarifying the mechanism of action and control quality. The main research methods on the effective material basis of CMM were reviewed through consulting relevant literature in this paper. It mainly includes the serum pharmaceutical chemistry, spectrum-effect and PK/PD model research.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754633

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Jinqi Zhizhu Decoction (JQZZD) on gastric motility of GK rats with diabetic gastroparesis (DGP); To discuss its mechanism of action. Methods 12 out of 80 male GK rats were randomly selected as normal group, and others were induced to be DGP model by irregular feeding with high sugar and high fat diet for 8 weeks. The model rats were randomly divided into model group, positive medicine group, JQZZD low-, medium-, and high-dose groups. All rats were given continuous intragastric administration for 12 weeks. The residual rate of pigment in stomach was detected and calculated. The concentration of DA, ACh and 5-HT in plasma were detected by ELISA. The morphological changes of gastric antrum were observed by HE staining. The ultrastructure of mucous layer of gastric antrum was observed by transmission electron microscope. The protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 were detected by Western blot. Results Compared with normal group, the residual rate of pigment in model group increased, while DA, ACh and 5-HT, relative amount of protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 decreased (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the residual rate of pigment in positive medicine group and JQZZD high-dose group decreased, while DA, ACh and 5-HT, relative amount of protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and morphological changes and ultrastructure of mucous layer obviously improved. There was no significant differences in the residual rate of pigment, DA content and protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 between positive medicine group and JQZZD high-dose group (P>0.05). Compared with JQZZD low-dose group, the residual rate of pigment in JQZZD high-dose group decreased, while DA, ACh and 5-HT, relative amount of protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion JQZZD may improve gastric motility, promote gastric emptying, and improve and repair damage of mucous membrane in the gastric antrum. All of these may be related to regulating protein expressions of Rho A/ROCK signal pathway.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772778

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to assess the antibacterial and anti-biofilm properties of the lipid extract from Mantidis ootheca against the gentamycin resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The chemical composition of the lipid extract and its relative proportion were determined using the technique of gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Antibacterial susceptibility tests were performed using a disc diffusion assay and the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) was determined by way of the agar dilution method. The anti-biofilm test was carried out with crystal violet staining and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). There were 16 compounds detected, and the most abundant components were sesquiterpenoids, monoterpenes, and trace aromatic compounds. The MIC for P. aeruginosa was 4 mg/ml and the eradication effect on preformed biofilms was established and compared with a ciprofloxacin control. The results of our study indicated that a lipid extract from M. ootheca could be used as a topical and antibacterial agent with anti-biofilm activity in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Biofilms , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Mantodea , Chemistry , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 789-800, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777028

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorder can be differentiated into three subtypes (aloof, passive, and active-but-odd) based on social behaviors according to the Wing Subgroups Questionnaire (WSQ). However, the correlations between the scores on some individual items and the total score are poor. In the present study, we translated the WSQ into Chinese, modified it, validated it in autistic and typically-developing Chinese children, and renamed it the Beijing Autism Subtyping Questionnaire (BASQ). Our results demonstrated that the BASQ had improved validity and reliability, and differentiated autistic children into these three subtypes more precisely. We noted that the autistic symptoms tended to be severe in the aloof, moderate in the passive, and mild in the active-but-odd subtypes. The modified questionnaire may facilitate etiological studies and the selection of therapeutic regimes.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Diagnosis , Child, Preschool , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Female , Humans , Male , Reproducibility of Results , Social Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Translating
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700746

ABSTRACT

Taking building the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University into Internet hospital as an example,the paper expatiates on the significance,detailed scheme of building public hospitals into networked hospitals,including aspects like business process,system architecture,management and application,pointing out that the building of Internet hospital is able to promote the reasonable utilization of quality medical resources.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690419

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Schistosoma japonicum cysteine protease inhibitor (rSjCystatin) for treatment of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After a week of adaptive feeding, 54 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into normal control group (group A), sepsis group (group B), and rSjCystatin intervention group (group C). The mice in group A received an intraperitoneal injection of PBS (100 µL), and those in groups B and C were injected with PBS (100 µL) containing LPS (10 mg/kg); the mice in group C were also intraperitoneally injected with 25 µg sjCystatin in 100 µL PBS 30 min after LPS injection. From each group, 10 mice were randomly selected 24 h after PBS or LPS injection for detecting serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 using ELISA and the levels of ALT, AST, BUN, and Cr using automatic biochemical analyzer; the pathological changes in the liver, lung and kidney were observed with HE staining. The remaining 8 mice in each group were used for observing the changes in the general condition and the 72-h survival.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 72-h survival rates of the mice was 100% in group A, 0 in group B, and 36% in group C, showing a significant difference among the 3 groups (P<0.05). Compared with those in group A, the mice in group B exhibited obvious liver, lung, and renal pathologies with increased levels of ALT, AST, BUN, Cr, IL-6, and TNF-α (P<0.05). Treatment with sjCystatin significantly lessened LPS-induced organ pathologies, lowered the levels of liver and renal functional indexes and the pro-inflammatory cytokines, and increased the serum level of IL-10 in the mice (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SjCystatin can produce a significant therapeutic effect on sepsis induced by LPS in mice.</p>

16.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1223-1226, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792683

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the epidemiological characteristics of children injuries with different age groups through data from Jiangsu Injury Surveillance System.Methods We collected children cases (aged <18 years) in surveillance hospitals from 2006—2014. Descriptive analysis was conducted with the demographic characteristics, causes, locations and body parts. Results During 2006 to 2014, 61367 cases of children injuries were collected which accounting for 12.06% of all injury cases. Male cases were 1.9 times higher compared to females. The top three leading causes of children injuries were fall (39.61%) , traffic injuries (16.92%) and animal injuries (15.33%) . Main locations causing children injuries were at home (39.57%) , road/street (21.08%) and school/public place (19.81%) .Mainly activities of children injuries were leisure activities (64.91%) and driving or taking transportation (13.92%) .The top three injuries occurred in the head (31.98%) , the upper limb (31.60%) and the lower limb (24.63%) . Conclusion Children injury is a major social and public health problem and can be prevented. Education should be carried out for children in different age groups and genders.

17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 438-442, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792616

ABSTRACT

Objective evaluate the long-term efficacy of the recombinant hepatitis B vaccines (HBV) among the newbornswith vaccination at birth. Methods During 1996-1997, 135 newborns were selected from Deqing according to the inclusioncriterion. They were divided into 2 groups: a group of 35 newborns whose mother was HBsAg positive) and a group of 100newbornswhose mother was HBsAg negative. All 135 newborns routinely received 3 doses of yeast -derived hepatitis Bvaccines (i.e. the first dose at birth, the second dose at 1 month old, and the third dose at 6 months old) . Serologicalmarkers to HBV were repeatedly assessed at 3 follow-up stages (i.e. the first follow-up at 12 months, the second follow-upat 2010, the third follow-up at 2012) . Results Participants remained in the study at 3 follow-upstages were 123(91.11%), 95(70.37%) and 46(34.07%) respectively. Participants' serum HBsAg were negative at all 3 follow-upstages. Among participants whose mothers were HBsAg positive, 3 participants were found to be HBcAb positive in 2010,and no new HBcAb positive participants were found in 2012. The rates of HBsAb positive at 3 follow-up stages were 88.89%, 81.48%, and 80.00% respectively. The HBsAb geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) of participants at their 12 monthsold were significantly positively associated with those in 2010 and those in 2012(P<0.05) . Among participants whosemothers were HBsAg negative, no HBcAb positive participants were found. The rates of HBsAb positive at 3 follow-up stageswere 91.18%, 54.41%, and 52.78% respectively. No correlation was found among HBsAb GMCs of participants at 12 monthsold, in 2010 and in 2012. No correlation was found between boost vaccination and the rate of HBsAg positive, afteradjustment of the HBsAg status of their mothers. Conclusion The efficacy of the yeast-derived HBV could sustain for at least13-15 years, and the general population do not need booster immunization. After the 3-dose immunization, the HBsAblevels of the healthy mothers' 12-months-old children were related to those of their adolescence.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 603-608, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779635

ABSTRACT

In this study, we developed a qualitative analytical method based on liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) for identification of multi-constituents of raw Fructus Arctii (RFA) and processed Fructus Arctii (PFA). We established a UHPLC-UV analytical method for simultaneously determining 6 major compounds in Fructus Arctii. UHPLC- Q-TOF-MS/MS qualitative analysis was performed under negative and positive ion modes and a total of 23 chemical compounds were identified. The analysis data were subjected to a principle component analysis with a t-test. Ten peaks were found to be the main difference (P<0.05) between RFA and PFA. HPLC-UV quantitative method result showed the contents of 6 constituents were different between RFA and PFA. The results indicated that there was less arctiin, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A in PFA than in RFA. However, there were higher levels of arctigenin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid C in the PFA than RFA, which may be the main reason for different clinical efficacy of RFA and PFA.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300421

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of rat bone mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation on retinal neovascularization, and to observe the changes of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) in rats with oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-two seven-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (CON), model (OIR) and BMSC transplantation. In the BMSC transplantation group, BMSCs were transplanted 5 days after oxygen conditioning. The phosphate buffered saline of the same volume was injected in the CON and OIR groups. The OIR model was prerpared according to the classic hyperoxygen method. At seven days after transplantation, retinal neovascularization was examined by retinal flat-mount staining and hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining. The expression of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins was examined by immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The retinal flat-mount staining results showed that the vessels were well organized in the CON group, but the vessels were irregularly organized, and lots of nonperfusion areas were observed in the OIR group. The large vessels were a bit circuitous, the retinal vessels were relatively organized, and less nonperfusion areas were noted in the BMSC transplantation group. The HE staining results showed that many neovessels and preretinal neovascular (pre-RNC) cells were observed on the internal limiting membrane in the OIR group. There were less pre-RNC cells in the BMSC transplantation group compared with the OIR group (P<0.01). The immunohistochemistry analysis showed that more HIF-1αand VEGFcells were observed in the OIR group compared with the CON group, and less HIF-1αand VEGFcells were observed in the BMSC transplantation group compared with OIR group (P<0.05). The Western blot analysis showed the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins in the OIR group was significantly higher than that in the CON group. The expression of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins in the BMSC transplantation group was lower than that in the OIR group (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>BMSC transplantation therapy could alleviate retinal neovascularization in OIR rats, and its mechanisms might be associated with the inhibition of the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Female , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retina , Chemistry , Retinal Neovascularization , Retinopathy of Prematurity , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1976-1978, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641067

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the amblyopia morbidity status of young children in Shaanxi city of Xi'an Province, and to explore the related risk factors. ·METHODS: Totally 10268 children between 3-6 years old were screened in 8 kindergartens in our city from March 2012 to April 2016 via a simple non-repeated sampling method, and sight, eye position, eye movement examination were mainly implemented;10g/L atropine mydriatic optometry was taken to detect eye fundus examination, and to eliminate organic lesion. There were 528 amblyopic children were set as the observation group, 500 healthy children who were treated in our hospital at the same time were set as the control group. Single factor analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis were carried out for children with amblyopia. ·RESULTS:In a survey, the incidence rate of amblyopia among young children in Shaanxi Xi'an was 5. 14%. Ametropic amblyopia accounted for the highest proportion (61. 4%), and lesion extent was usually mild to moderate, ametropic amblyopia accounted for 24. 1%, which was inferior to that was the strabismus accounted as 12. 9%, rare were form deprivation amblyopia accounted for 1. 7%. General data analysis showed that, there were significant differences between the two groups in maternal gestational age, gestational weeks and times of pregnancy, smoking history of parents, family genetic history of myopia (P<0. 05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pregnancy when old, mother's smoking history, family genetic history of myopia and short gestational weeks were risk factors for amblyopia in young children (P<0. 05). · CONCLUSION: There is a certain oneset risk of amblyopia in young children in Shaanxi Xi'an. Attention should be paid to educate eye care knowledge, organize regular visual screening, ensure early detection, early diagnosis, early treatment.

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