Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 63-68, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324684

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is a major cause of disc protrusion, likely to be associated with decrease of water content. This research aimed to evaluate IDD by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with a 7.0 Tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 24 healthy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly selected and divided into four groups (A, B, C, and D), each consisting of 3 male and 3 female rats (28, 42, 56, and 70 days old, respectively). All the rats were imaged with a 7.0T MRI, producing T2WI, T1WI, and functional DWI sequences. Data were collected and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) charts were constructed. Nucleus pulposus and annulus fibrosus regions were identified, several regions of interest were chosen, and their ADC values were obtained. After imaging, rats were sacrificed and their intervertebral discs (L1-L6) were dissected, yielding a total of 144 discs. Protein was extracted for the purpose of Western blotting. Comparison among multiple samples used one-way analysis of variance and least significant difference methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>7.0T MRI revealed evident decrease in signal intensity within intervertebral discs of Sprague-Dawley rats with age. Intervertebral disc ADC values significantly decreased from Group A (0.00154 ± 0.00008) to Group D (0.00107 ± 0.00007; P < 0.01); nucleus pulposus ADC values significantly decreased from Group A (0.00164 ± 0.00005) to Group D (0.00140 ± 0.00007; P < 0.01) and annulus fibrosus ADC values significantly decreased from Group A (0.00129 ± 0.00014) to Group D (0.00082 ± 0.00012; P < 0.01). Meanwhile, it also revealed evident decrease from high spinal level to low spinal level: nucleus pulposus ADC values in Group A significantly decreased from L1/L2 (0.00163 ± 0.00006) to L6/S1 (0.00139 ± 0.00004; P < 0.01). While annulus fibrosus ADC values did not differ significantly between levels in Group A (P > 0.05). Western blotting showed that aggrecan content of intervertebral discs decreased from Group A (1.88 ± 0.16) to Group D (0.17 ± 0.04) with age (P < 0.01); Type II collagen content of intervertebral discs decreased from Group A (2.22 ± 0.04) to Group D (0.20 ± 0.01) with age (P < 0.01). No significant differences in aggrecan and Type II collagen content of L1-L6 intervertebral discs in Group A were noted (P > 0.05). Mean ADC values of different intervertebral regions were positively correlated with aggrecan and Type II collagen content (aggrecan: r = 0.631, P < 0.01; Type II collagen: r = 0.680, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>7.0T MRI-DWI could be applied to effectively diagnose and research early IDD in tiny variations.</p>

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1053-1057, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301778

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the correlation of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of Gemin 3(rs197412) in the miRNA biosynthesis with NHL cancer risk and overall prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>miR-SNP were genotyped using PCR-ligase detection reaction(LAR, LCR) in NHL group of 230 non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients and in control group of 120 healthy persons. The survival curves were drawn using the Kaplan-Meier method, and comparisons between the curves were made using the log-rank test. Multivariate survival analysis was performed by using a Cox proportional hazards model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rs197412 genotype distribution difference was not statistically significant, in NHL and control group; the survival time of patients carrying the rs197412 TT genotype was significantly longer than that of the patients carrying the CC+CT genotype (P=0.007). In addition, rs197412 was independent from the survival of NHL patients by multivariate analysis (RR: 2.138,95% CI: 1.303-3.508, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The single nucleotide polymorphisms of Gemin 3 (rs197412) in the miRNA processing are not related with NHL risk, but that may affect NHL survival.</p>

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789420

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of early health status on the risk of developing child overweight and obesity so as to provide evidences for preventive measures against child overweight and obesity.Methods Three schools were randomly selected from primary schools in Shanghai, and another three schools were randomly selected from 9-year schools in Shanghai.Retrospective surveys were conducted for 1 511 pupils selected from all the Grade One and Grade Two students of the above selected schools, the univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the early risk factors for child overweight and obesity.Results The results of univariate logistic regression analyses showed that for the children with relatively high birth weights, asthma, allergic constitution, histories of chronic diseases, relatively good appetite, relatively high ages that had been notified of their overweight and obesity, the detection rate of overweight and obesity was higher (P<0.05).The results of multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that birth weights(OR=2.699, 95%CI=1.097~6.644), allergic constitution(OR=1.498, 95%CI=1.044~2.149), histories of chronic diseases(OR=2.486, 95%CI=1.327~4.659) and appetite(OR=22.011, 95%CI=8.861~54.673) were the risk factors influencing child overweight and obesity (P<0.05).Conclusion Attention still needs to be paid to the body mass control of the children with relatively high birth weights, allergic constitution and histories of chronic diseases.Scientific and reasonable feeding at early stages as well as cultivating good eating and drinking habits may help prevent and control child overweight and obesity.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238413

ABSTRACT

The histopathological features of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and superficial temporal artery (STA) from moyamoya disease (MMD) and their relationships with gender, age, angiography stage were explored. The causes and the clinical significance of vasculopathy of STA were also discussed. The clinical data and specimens of MCA and STA from 30 MMD patients were collected. Twelve samples of MCA and STA from non-MMD patients served as control group. Histopathological examination was then performed by measuring the thickness of intima and media, and statistical analysis was conducted. The MCA and STA specimens from MMD group had apparently thicker intima and thinner media than those from the control group. There was no significant pathological difference between the hemorrhage group and non-hemorrhage group, and between the males and females in MMD patients. Neither the age nor the digital subtraction angiography (DSA) stage was correlated with the thickness of intima in MCA and STA. MMD is a systemic vascular disease involving both intracranial and extracranial vessels. Preoperative external carotid arteriography, especially super-selective arteriography of the STA, benefits the selection of donor vessel.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiography , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Middle Cerebral Artery , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Moyamoya Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Temporal Arteries , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Tunica Intima , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285290

ABSTRACT

The etiology and pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD) remain elusive. Some inflammatory proteins, such as cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, are believed to be implicated in the development of MMD. So far, the relationship between COX-2 and MMD is poorly understood and reports on the intracranial vessels of MMD patients are scanty. In this study, tiny pieces of middle cerebral artery (MCA) and superficial temporal artery (STA) from 13 MMD patients were surgically harvested. The MCA and STA samples from 5 control patients were also collected by using the same technique. The expression of COX-2 was immunohistochemically detected and the average absorbance (A) of positively-stained areas was measured. High-level COX-2 expression was found in all layers of the MCA samples from all 5 hemorrhagic MMD patients, while positive but weak expression of COX-2 was observed only in the endothelial layer of the MCA samples from most ischemic MMD patients (6/8, 75%). The average A values of COX-2 in the hemorrhagic MMD patients were substantially higher than those in their ischemic counterparts (t=4.632, P=0.001). There was no significant difference in the COX-2 expression among the "gender" groups, or "radiographic grade" groups, or "lesion location" groups (P>0.05 for all). The COX-2 expression was detected neither in the MCA samples from the controls nor in all STA specimens. Our results suggested that COX-2 was up-regulated in the MCA of MMD patients, especially in hemorrhagic MMD patients. We are led to speculate that COX-2 may be involved in the pathogenesis of MMD and even contribute to the hemorrhagic stroke of MMD patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Male , Middle Aged , Middle Cerebral Artery , Metabolism , Moyamoya Disease
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638099

ABSTRACT

The etiology and pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD) remain elusive. Some inflammatory proteins, such as cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, are believed to be implicated in the development of MMD. So far, the relationship between COX-2 and MMD is poorly understood and reports on the intracranial vessels of MMD patients are scanty. In this study, tiny pieces of middle cerebral artery (MCA) and superficial temporal artery (STA) from 13 MMD patients were surgically harvested. The MCA and STA samples from 5 control patients were also collected by using the same technique. The expression of COX-2 was immunohistochemically detected and the average absorbance (A) of positively-stained areas was measured. High-level COX-2 expression was found in all layers of the MCA samples from all 5 hemorrhagic MMD patients, while positive but weak expression of COX-2 was observed only in the endothelial layer of the MCA samples from most ischemic MMD patients (6/8, 75%). The average A values of COX-2 in the hemorrhagic MMD patients were substantially higher than those in their ischemic counterparts (t=4.632, P=0.001). There was no significant difference in the COX-2 expression among the "gender" groups, or "radiographic grade" groups, or "lesion location" groups (P>0.05 for all). The COX-2 expression was detected neither in the MCA samples from the controls nor in all STA specimens. Our results suggested that COX-2 was up-regulated in the MCA of MMD patients, especially in hemorrhagic MMD patients. We are led to speculate that COX-2 may be involved in the pathogenesis of MMD and even contribute to the hemorrhagic stroke of MMD patients.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331100

ABSTRACT

Central neurocytomas (CNs), initially asymptomatic, sometimes become huge before detection. We described and analyzed the clinical, radiological, operational and outcome data of 13 cases of huge intraventricular CNs, and discussed the treatment strategies in this study. All huge CNs (n=13) in our study were located in bilateral lateral ventricle with diameter ≥5.0 cm and had a broad-based attachment to at least one side of the ventricle wall. All patients received craniotomy to remove the tumor through transcallosal or transcortical approach and CNs were of typical histologic and immunohistochemical features. Adjuvant therapies including conventional radiation therapy (RT) or gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) were also performed postoperatively. Transcallosal and transcortical approaches were used in 8 and 5 patients, respectively. Two patients died within one month after operation and 3 patients with gross total resection (GTR) were additionally given a decompressive craniectomy (DC) and/or ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) as the salvage therapy. Six patients received GTR(+RT) and 7 patients received subtotal resection (STR)(+GKRS). Eight patients suffered serious complications such as hydrocephalus, paralysis and seizure after operation, and patients who underwent GTR showed worse functional outcome [less Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) scores] than those having STR(+GKRS) during the follow-up period. The clinical outcome of huge CNs seemed not to be favorable as that described in previous reports. Surgical resection for huge CNs should be meticulously considered to guarantee the maximum safety. Better results were achieved in STR(+GKRS) compared with GTR(+RT) for huge CNs, suggesting that STR(+GKRS) may be a better treatment choice. The recurrent or residual tumor can be treated with GKRS effectively.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Neurocytoma , Therapeutics , Radiotherapy , Surgical Procedures, Operative
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636918

ABSTRACT

Central neurocytomas (CNs), initially asymptomatic, sometimes become huge before detection. We described and analyzed the clinical, radiological, operational and outcome data of 13 cases of huge intraventricular CNs, and discussed the treatment strategies in this study. All huge CNs (n=13) in our study were located in bilateral lateral ventricle with diameter ≥5.0 cm and had a broad-based attachment to at least one side of the ventricle wall. All patients received craniotomy to remove the tumor through transcallosal or transcortical approach and CNs were of typical histologic and immunohistochemical features. Adjuvant therapies including conventional radiation therapy (RT) or gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) were also performed postoperatively. Transcallosal and transcortical approaches were used in 8 and 5 patients, respectively. Two patients died within one month after operation and 3 patients with gross total resection (GTR) were additionally given a decompressive craniectomy (DC) and/or ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) as the salvage therapy. Six patients received GTR(+RT) and 7 patients received subtotal resection (STR)(+GKRS). Eight patients suffered serious complications such as hydrocephalus, paralysis and seizure after operation, and patients who underwent GTR showed worse functional outcome [less Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) scores] than those having STR(+GKRS) during the follow-up period. The clinical outcome of huge CNs seemed not to be favorable as that described in previous reports. Surgical resection for huge CNs should be meticulously considered to guarantee the maximum safety. Better results were achieved in STR(+GKRS) compared with GTR(+RT) for huge CNs, suggesting that STR(+GKRS) may be a better treatment choice. The recurrent or residual tumor can be treated with GKRS effectively.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL