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1.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 388-392, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Astragalus polysaccharides on apoptosis,transdifferentiation and ROS content in renal tubular epithelial cells of diabetic nephropathy.Methods:HK-2 cells were divided into low glucose group,high glucose group and astragalus polysaccharide+high glucose group,cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay after 48 h;cell apoptosis and ROS content was detected by flow cytometry;the expression of E-cadherin,α-SMA,STAT1,STAT3,p-STAT1,p-STAT3 protein were detected by Western blot.Results:The survival rate of cells in high glucose group was significantly lower than low sugar group (P<0.01),cell apoptosis rate,ROS content and E-cadherin,α-SMA,p-STAT1 and p-STAT3 protein expression was significantly higher than low sugar group (P<0.01),the cell survival rate in high glucose+astragalus polysaccharide group was significantly higher than high glucose group,cell apoptosis rate,ROS content and E-cadherin,α-SMA,p-STAT1 and p-STAT3 protein expression was significantly lower than high glucose group (P<0.01).Conclusion:Astragalus polysaccharides can promote the proliferation of renal tubular epithelial cells induced by high glucose,inhibit apoptosis and transdifferentiation,and the mechanism is related to down regulation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236062

ABSTRACT

To study active secondary metabolites of endophytic fungus Diaporthe longicolla A616 isolated from Pogostemon cablin. Ten compounds were isolated from fermentation product of the strain 616 by silica gel, reverse phase silica gel, Sephadex-LH20, HPLC and so on. Their structures were identified as 1,3-diamino-1,3-dimethylurea(1),(7R,9R)-7-hydroxy-9-propyl-5-nonen-9-olide(2), Ergosta-5,7,22-trien-3β-ol(3),(22E,24R)-ergosta-4,6,8(14)-22-tetraen-3-one(4),(22E,24R)-3β,5α-dihydroxy-6β-ergosta-7,22-diene(5), citreoisocoumarin(6), glycerol monolinoleate(7), 1-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyl(E)-octadec-9-enoate(8), cyclo-(L-Pro-L-Ala)(9), cyclo(L)-Pro-(L)-Val(10), respectively, based on extensive spectroscopic analysis and literature comparisons. Compounds 6-10 were isolated from the genus Diaporthe for the first time. All isolated compounds were evaluated for in vitro cytotoxic activities against SF-268, MCF-7, NCI-H460 and HepG-2 tumor cell lines. Compounds 4 and 5 showed potent growth inhibitory activities against the four cell lines with IC₅₀ values of 5.3, 6.5, 12.2, 6.1μmol•L⁻¹ and 8.2, 5.2, 6.1, 9.4μmol•L⁻¹, respectively.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346194

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence, current treatment, and clinical characteristics of asthma, as well as the risk factors for this disease, among children aged 0-14 years in 2010 in urban Zhongshan, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 10 336 children aged 0-14 years were selected from urban Zhongshan by cluster random sampling. The Third National Childhood Asthma Epidemiological Questionnaire 2010 was used to analyze the prevalence, current treatment, and clinical characteristics of childhood asthma, as well as the risk factors for this disease.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Asthma was diagnosed in 179 cases (1.73%). The prevalence of asthma in male children was significantly higher than that in female children (2.25% vs 1.16%; P<0.01). Of the 179 patients, severe attacks were common in 104 cases (58.1%), 110 cases (61.5%) had slow onset, 102 cases (57.0%) had gradually relieved conditions, 61 cases (34.1%) suffered from asthma during seasonal transition, and 150 cases (83.8%) developed asthma due to respiratory tract infection. Among all asthmatic children, 71.5% had been treated with inhaled corticosteroids, and 71.5% had been treated with bronchodilator. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a history of penicillin allergy, a family history of allergy, food allergy, eczema, allergic rhinitis, cesarean delivery, family mould, and perinatal passive smoking were independent risk factors for childhood asthma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of childhood asthma in urban Zhongshan is on a high level, and is associated with gender. The treatment of asthma has been standardized, but still needs further improvement. The onset of asthma attack is influenced by various factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Risk Factors , Seasons , Time Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279948

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the value of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in predicting symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA) in preterm infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Preterm infants born at a gestational age (GA) of ≤ 32 weeks and diagnosed with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) by echocardiography within 48 hours after birth between June 2014 and April 2015 were selected as subjects. Their clinical manifestations were observed, and serum NT-proBNP levels were measured and echocardiography was performed at 3 and 5 days after birth. The infants were divided into sPDA group and asymptomatic PDA (asPDA) group based on their clinical manifestations and the results of echocardiography. The correlations between serum NT-proBNP level and echocardiographic indices were analyzed. Serum NT-proBNP levels were compared between the two groups. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was applied to determine the sensitivity and specificity of serum NT-proBNP in the prediction of sPDA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 69 preterm infants were enrolled in this study, with 13 infants in the sPDA group and 56 infants in the asPDA group. Serum NT-proBNP level was positively correlated with the diameter of the arterial duct (r=0.856; P<0.05)and the ratio of left atrial diameter to aortic root diameter (LA/AO) (r=0.713; P<0.05). At 3 and 5 days after birth, the serum NT-proBNP levels in the sPDA group were significantly higher than those in the asPDA group (P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for the prediction of sPDA by NT-proBNP levels at 3 days after birth was 0.949 (95% CI: 0.892-1.000; P<0.001), with a cut-off value of 27 035 pg/mL (sensitivity: 92.3%; specificity: 94.6%); the AUC for the prediction of sPDA by NT-proBNP levels at 5 days after birth was 0.924 (95% CI: 0.848-1.000; P<0.001), with a cut-off value of 6 411 pg/mL (sensitivity: 92.3%; specificity: 92.9%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NT-proBNP may be a quantitative index for shunt volume. The measurement of serum NT-proBNP levels on 3 and 5 days after birth may be useful to predict sPDA in preterm infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Male , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Blood , Peptide Fragments , Blood , ROC Curve
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254211

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the incidence of wheezing and chronic cough in children aged 3-14 years in different living areas of Zhongshan, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the unified program of the 2010 national epidemiological survey of asthmatic children aged 0-14 years, a questionnaire survey of the children aged 3-14 years in rural and urban areas of Zhongshan was conducted.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 15 763 children were included in the survey. Among all participants, 8 248 were from the urban area, and 7 515 from the rual area; 8 306 were boys, and 7 457 were girls. The percentage of children with a history of wheezing was significantly higher in the urban group than in the rural group (6.6% vs 3.2%; P<0.05), and it was significantly higher in boys than in girls for each group (P<0.05). The urban group had a significantly higher percentage of individuals who had wheezing in the past one year than the rural group (2.8% vs 1.5%; P<0.05), and this percentage was significantly higher in boys than in girls for each group (P<0.05). Compared with the rural group, the urban group had a significantly higher percentage of individuals who had chronic cough (duration 1 year) (7.9% vs 3.1%; P<0.05). The above indices were relatively high in children under 6 years of age, and all but the percentage of girls who had wheezing in the past one year in both rural and urban areas showed significant differences between all age groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of wheezing and chronic cough varies with age, sex, and living area for children aged 3-14 years in Zhongshan, and it is relatively high under 6 years of age, in the urban area, and among boys.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Cough , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Respiratory Sounds , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289499

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the alterations of follicular T helper cells (CD4(+)CXCR5(+)Tfh cells, Tfh) on circulating T lymphocytes in children with asthma, and to study the expression of transcription regulatory factors BCL-6 and BLIMP-1 mRNA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four children with asthma and 25 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. On the basis of the disease, the children with asthma were classified into acute phase group (n=36) and remission phase group (n=28). The flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of CD4(+)CXCR5(+)Tfh cells on CD4(+)T lymphocytes. Real-time PCR was performed to detect the levels of BCL-6 mRNA and BLIMP-1 mRNA. The double -antibody Sandwich ELISA was used to detect plasma concentrations of total IgE, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-21.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proportion of CD4(+)CXCR5(+)Tfh cells was significantly higher in the acute group than in the control group and the remission group (P<0.05). Transcription levels of BCL-6 mRNA were significantly higher, while the inhibitory factors BLIMP-1 mRNA was significantly lower in the acute group than in the remission group and control group (P<0.05). The plasma concentration of IL-6 in the acute group increased significantly compared with the control group (P<0.05). Plasma concentrations of total IgE and IL-21 increased significantly, in contrast, plasma IL-2 concentration decreased significantly in the acute group, compared with the control group and the remission group (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed that both IL-21 and IL-6 concentrations were positively correlated with the proportion of CD4(+)CXCR5(+)Tfh cells (r=0.76, r=0.46 respectively; P<0.05), while IL-2 level was negatively correlated with the proportion of Tfh cells (r=-0.68, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The abnormal proportion of CD4(+)CXCR5(+)Tfh cells might be involved in the immunological pathogenesis of acute asthma in children. The increased expression of BCL-6 mRNA and decreased expression of BLIMP-1 mRNA as well as the alterations of plasma total IgE, cytokines IL-2, IL-6 and IL-21 in microenvironment might be account for the increased proportion of CD4(+)CXCR5(+)Tfh cells in children with acute asthma.</p>


Subject(s)
Asthma , Allergy and Immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Infant , Interleukins , Blood , Male , Positive Regulatory Domain I-Binding Factor 1 , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6 , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, CXCR5 , Repressor Proteins , Genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Allergy and Immunology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244959

ABSTRACT

Different cytokines are needed in the course of culturing cells to do adoptive immunotherapy. This study was aimed to investigate the differentiation directions of lymphocytes and related gene expression characteristics after combined stimulation of lymphocytes by different cytokines or EBV antigen peptide combined with cytokines. The experiment was divided into 4 groups. The levels of total T lymphocytes (CD3(+)), T helper lymphocytes (CD3(+)CD4(+)), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CD3(+)CD8(+)), memory T cells (CD3(+)CD8(+)CD45RO(+)), naive T cells (CD3(+)CD8(+)CD45RA(+)), Th2 cells (CD3(+)CD30(+)), B cells (CD19(+)), NK cells (CD56(+)), naive T regulatory cells (CD4(+)CD25(+)), precise T regulatory cells (CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+)) were detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of house-keeping gene (mad1, pten), T helper cells transcriptional regulatory gene t-bet (Th1), gata3 (Th2), cytokine IFN-γ(Th1), IL-4(Th2) were detected by using RT-PCR. The results showed that CTL in EBV polypeptide group were dominant cells with certain clinical effects. Comparison of result of EBV polypeptide group with other 3 different cytokine stimulating groups demonstrated that EBV antigen peptide had much more effects on stimulating CTL generation. The expression of IFN-γ gene was significantly increased; the T helper differentiation-related gene t-bet, gata3 also increased evidently, while expression change of house-keeping gene mad1 and pten were not evident. Addition of different cytokines and antigen peptides in culture may be much more effective on stimulating CTL generation. It is concluded that specific CTL can be obtained by using the lymphocytes co-cultured with EBV and cytokines, and the different cytokines play different roles in cell differentiation.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens , Genetics , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 654-658, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353571

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and its receptor Tie-2 in multiple myeloma (MM) patients and RPMI8226 cells, and analyze the significance of Ang-1 expression and its relevance to the tumorigenes and development of MM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of Ang-1 and Tie-2 in bone marrow (BM) samples from 112 MM patients and 24 control subjects, and in RPMI8226 cells. The expression levels of Ang-1 in different groups and disease stages were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rate and expression level of Ang-1 were significantly higher in MM group than in control group (P < 0.05). The positive rates of Ang-1 were not significantly different between newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory MM groups, but its expression level was significantly higher in the latter group than in the former group (P < 0.05). Tie-2 was detected only in 12 MM patients and did not in control group and RPMI8226 cells. Microvessel density in BM samples were significantly higher in MM group than in control group (25.21 ± 0.80 vs 5.23 ± 0.20, P < 0.01), and were higher in Ang-1-positive MM group than in Ang-1-negative MM group (32.98 ± 1.70 vs 16.55 ± 1.30, P < 0.05). The positive rates of Ang-1 protein were not significantly different between stage II and stage III MM (52.1% vs 60.9%, P > 0.05), but the expression level of Ang-1 protein was higher in stage III than that in stage II MM (0.40 ± 0.07 vs 0.22 ± 0.04, P < 0.05). In the newly diagnosed MM patients, the positive rate of Ang-1 protein in PD patients was significantly higher than in PR and MR patients (70.0% vs 19.1%, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High expression of Ang-1 is found in MM patients and RPMI8226 cells, and its expression is associated with the disease stage, prognosis and targeted therapy of MM.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiopoietin-1 , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Receptor, TIE-2
9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 541-544, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642520

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out the distribution pattern of environmental fluoride in the coal-burning endemic fluorosis areas to provide scientific evidence for establishing prevention and remedial measures in Chongqing. Methods According to historical data in Chongqing In 2008, 4 endemic villages(Lingyun and Lizi Villages of Wushan County, and Taiping and Daqing Villages of Pengshui County) and 2 non-endemic villages (ShuangLou and XianLong Villages of Yongchuan County) were investigated. Dental fluorosis of children in 8 to 12 year old and residents over 16 years of age for clinical skeletal fluorosis were examined in four endemic villages. Five households from each of 6 villages were taken, where 500 g of coal, mixed clay with coal, mixed coal of soil, coal cinder, soil were sampled; 15 people were taken in each village, each household gathering 500 g of corn, rice, potatoes, vegetables, grain and vegetable, 100 g of dried pepper and 250 ml of drinking water were sampled from 15 families of each village. Household drinking water samples were collected 1, each 250 ml. For those having tea-drinking habit, each household was collected 50 g of tea and 600 ml of drinking tea, the amount of fluoride were determined. Indoor and outdoor air was collected and measured in 5 households in each village. Results The detected rate of dental fluorosis of children in endemic areas was 74.65% (736/986). The detected rate of skeletal fluorosis of adult was 7.20%(736/986). The average fluoride content of coal, mixed clay with coal, mixed coal of soil, cinder coal, soil in the endemic villages was (310.56±209.46), (360.51±224.96), (293.62±65.15), (186.59±133.66), (497.54±294.70)mg/kg. The average fluoride content in non-endemic villages was (48.68±10.62), (275.66±62.69), (152.20±34.43), (209.14±188.66),269.98±58.21)mg/kg. The fluoride content level of endemic villages was significantly higher than that of non-endemic villages(t=7.67,31.54,5.82, 5.82, all P<0.05). The average fluoride content of drinking water, corn, pepper, flee, potato and vegetable in the endemic villages was (0.30±0.14)mg/L, (1.83±2.67), (23.50±91.80), (0.77±0.25), (0.44±0.11), (0.48±0.18)mg/kg, The average fluoride content in non-endemic village was (0.18±0.06)mg/L, (2.21±0.46), (2.82±2.51), (1.31±0.21), (0.64±0.41), (1.10±0.77)mg/kg. The fluoride content in drinking water and pepper in the endemic villages was significantly higher than that of the non-endemic villages(t=7.79, 2.33, all P<0.05). The fluoride content of rice, potato and vegetable in the non-endemic villages was significantly higher than that of the endemic villages(t=39.29,4.69,4.01, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference of fluoride content of tea and drinking tea between endemic villages[(99.41±55.83)mg/kg, (1.59±0.91)mg/L] and non-endemic villages[(79.95±43.78)mg/kg, (1.80±1.16)mg/L, t=1.01, 0.27, all P>0.05]. The amount of drinking tea in the endemic village[(1.45±0.68)L/d] was higher than that in non-endemic village[(1.00±0.47)L/d, t=4.27, P<0.05]. The average fluoride content of indoor air in the endemic village[(12.77±8.08)μg/m3] was higher than that in non-endemic village [(1.16±1.08)μg/m3, t=9.49, P<0.01]. There was no significant difference of fluoride content of outdoor air between endemic village and non-endemic village[(1.10±1.57), (0.39±0.31)μg/m3, t=2.01, P>0.05)]. Conclusions The fluoride source of coal-burning endemic fluorosis areas are coal and mixed coal of soil in Chongqing. Fluoride enters into human bodies mainly via respiratory, not from food. Although fluoride is rich in pepper, people don't eat it, so reducing the fluoride content in indoor air is the principle measure. Drinking tea may be was one factor of endemic fluorosis, which needs to be further studied.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 115-120, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314524

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of the wild type phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), a tumor-suppressor gene on the proliferation and apoptosis of human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells line (K562) in vitro and explore the influence of PTEN-FAK signaling pathway on invasion and metastasis of leukemia cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The recombinant Ad-PTEN gene containing green fluorescent protein gene (Ad-PTEN-GFP) or the empty vector (Ad-GFP) was transfected into K562 cells and fresh leukemia cells from CML patients in blast crisis. The growth of K562 cells was assayed by MTT assay; the apoptosis rate was assessed by flow cytometry (FCM). PTEN and FAK mRNA levels were detected by real-time fluorescent relative- quantification reverse transcriptional PCR (FQ-PCR) and its protein levels by Western blot. The metastasis and invasive ability was examined by transwell chamber assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The growth of K562 cells was suppressed markedly when Ad-PTEN-GFP was transfected into K562 cells at the 200 multiplicity of infection (MOI). The maximum growth inhibition rate was 35.2%. Transwell results showed the number of cells entered the lower chamber in Ad-GFP group was 9.1 fold more than that in Ad-PTEN-GFP group;The ability of metastasis and invasion of fresh leukemia cells was also suppressed after transfection with Ad-PTEN-GFP. FAK and p-FAK proteins were down-regulated by 0.72 and 0.16 fold lower after transfected with Ad-PTEN-GFP compared with Ad-GFP group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PTEN gene might inhibit the proliferation, metastasis and invasive ability of leukemia cells via down-regulating FAK expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemic Infiltration , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transfection
11.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 101-104, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235975

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of curcumin on invasion and migration of the tongue squamous cell line Tca8113.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tca8113 cells were treated with curcumin (0 - 100 micromol/L) for 24 h and the conditional medium was collected. The gelatinases - matrix metalloproteinase -2 and -9 (MMP-2, -9) in the conditional medium were detected by gelatin zymography. The cell invasion and migration model in vitro was conducted using transwell chamber with or without matrigel. Using this model, the effects of 50 micromol/L curcumin on invasion and migration of Tca8113 were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Curcumin reduced the activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 on a dose-dependent manner. Curcumin can suppress cell invasion and migration significantly (P <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Curcumin can suppress Tca8113 invasion and migration by reducing the activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Neoplasm Metastasis , Tongue Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296065

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To measure the toxicity of phenol, aniline, and their derivatives to algae and to assess, model, and predict the toxicity using quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) method.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Oxygen production was used as the response endpoint for assessing the toxic effects of chemicals on algal photosynthesis. The energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (E(LUMO)) and the energy of the highest occupied molecular orbital (E(HOMO)) were obtained from the ChemOffice 2004 program using the quantum chemical method MOPAC, and the frontier orbital energy gap (deltaE) was obtained.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The compounds exhibited a reasonably wide range of algal toxicity. The most toxic compound was alpha-naphthol, whereas the least toxic one was aniline. A two-descriptor model was derived from the algal toxicity and structural parameters: log1/EC50 = 0.268,logKow - 1.006deltaE + 11.769 (n = 20, r2 = 0.946). This model was stable and satisfactory for predicting toxicity. CONCLUSION Phenol, aniline, and their derivatives are polar narcotics. Their toxicity is greater than estimated by hydrophobicity only, and addition of the frontier orbital energy gap deltaE can significantly improve the prediction of logKow-dependent models.</p>


Subject(s)
Aniline Compounds , Toxicity , Oxygen , Metabolism , Phenols , Toxicity , Photosynthesis , Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship , Scenedesmus , Metabolism , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Toxicity
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276806

ABSTRACT

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AILT) is a peripheral T-cell lymphoma often complicated autoimmune phenomena such as autoimmune cytopenia, and is a truly rare type of NHL. In order to investigate the clinical features, pathological manifestation of this lymphoma, and to explore its therapy protocol, a 37-years old patient with AILT was investigated. The routine blood examination, bone marrow smear, lymphonodus biopsy, Coombs test, flow cytometry for bone marrow mononuclear cells, serological test, immunochemistry method etc were performed for this patient. The results showed that the systemic lymphadenectasis and hepatosplenomegaly were seen in patient, the cervical lymphonode biopsy revealed AITL. The hematoglobin level and number of reticulocytes were very low. Coombs test was positive. Simultaneously, the bone marrow aspirate revealed erythroid aplasia. The warm type autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) were co-existed. After one course of chemotherapy with CHOP-E, infiltration sign of AITL patient with AIHA and PRCA disappeared. In conclusion, the AITL patient complicated with AIHA and PRCA was successfully diagnosed, the lymphonode biopsy and bone marrow smear showed more significant, the chemotherapy protocol of CHOP-E can give some effect to cure such angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Diagnosis , Humans , Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy , Diagnosis , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Diagnosis , Male , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure , Diagnosis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289010

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment strategy of oral and maxillofacial malignancies in multiple primary malignant neoplasms (MPMNs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>21 cases of oral and maxillofacial malignancies associated with MPMNs admitted to our hospital between 1985 and 2000 were studied respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 44 malignant cases in the 21 MPMNs patients. Among the 44 cases, there were 24 cases in alimentary and respiratory tract such as oral, pharynx, esophagus, stomach and lung, and 10 cases in salivary gland, breast and female reproductive system. There were 25 cases malignant neoplasms in oral and maxillofacial region where squamous cell carcinoma was the most common pathologic type, secondly adenoid cystic carcinoma. In oral and maxillofacial region, MPMNs were often found in tongue, parotid and submandibular gland, buccal mucosa and gingival.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tongue and salivary gland were the common locations with MPMNs, and they were closely associated with alimentary and respiratory tract. Patients with malignancies of oral and maxillofacial region associated with MPMNs must be submitted to a long-term and careful follow-up. For female patients, breast and female reproductive system should be examined specially. Regular follow-up, early detection, early diagnosis, active and effective treatment can help to improve the survival quality of MPMNs patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Female , Gingiva , Hospitals , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth Mucosa , Mouth Neoplasms , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Tongue
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 453-457, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify immune epitopes existed in the framework region (FR) of the IgHV protein of B-cell malignance, and explore the use of these FR-derived peptides to induce the family specific immune response in vitro, in order to explore the possibility of a new IgHV gene family-specific immunotherapy for B-cell malignance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bioinformatics was used for predicting T cell epitopes in IgHV protein. Peptides of interest were synthesized in vitro. T2 cell binding assay was performed to determine the binding ability of the peptides to HLA-A*0201 molecules. Peptide/HLA tetramer staining was used to detect the number of peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Cytotoxicity assay was used to determine killing activity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twelve peptides that were common to seven IgHV gene subfamilies were identified, and 10 (83%) of them were located in the FR of IgHV protein. The synthesized peptides up-regulated HLA*0201 molecules fluorescence intensity on cell surfaces of T2. By using an antigen-specific T-cell expansion system in vitro, the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) from a healthy HLA-A0201 donor were stimulated weekly by autologous PBMNC loaded with the peptide as antigen presenting cells (APC), and the peptide-specific CTLs were demonstrated to be generated successfully in the healthy donors. The frequency of CD8 and peptide/HLA tetramer double positive cells in the gated lymphocyte population was 0.38% before stimulation and increased to 49.38 % after four times stimulation. Cytotoxicity assay indicated that these CTLs were capable of killing the HLA-A*0201, IgHV1 (+) lymphoma cells. Furthermore, the generated CTL could not kill the target cell loaded with the IgHV3 peptide, indicating that the cytotoxicity is family-specific.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Peptides derived from the IgHV protein FR can successfully induce the generation of peptide-specific CTLs in vitro. These CTLs are capable of killing the lymphoma cell belonged to the same subfamily in a peptide-specific and MHC-restricted way. These findings could potentially form the basis of broadening application of immunoglobulin-directed immunotherapy in B-cell malignancies.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Allergy and Immunology , Immunoglobulin Variable Region , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358117

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the quality standard of extracts from Rhizoma Zingiberis by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The extracts were identified by TLC. The total phenols and the 6-gingerol were determined by dual-wavelength UV spectrophotometry and HPLC separately.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The recovery of total phenols was 97.7% (RSD 2.0%). The linear range of 6-gingerol is 0.20-2.0 microg, the average recovery was 97.7% (RSD 2.0%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is convenient for a good resolution and can be used for the quality control of extracts from Rhizoma Zingiberis.</p>


Subject(s)
Catechols , Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fatty Alcohols , Ginger , Chemistry , Phenols , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343901

ABSTRACT

T cells recognize antigens through TCRs (T cell receptor). T cell clones can be sorted into 24 gene subfamilies based on the usage of the segments of TCR BV in gene rearrangement. Application of the various segments of TCR BV may establish TCR BV spectrotyping that can be used to analyze and recognize the different functional T cell clones, and understand the function and proliferation of various T cell clones in malignancy and autoimmune disease. In vitro expansion of a great deal of the specific antitumor T cells and transfusing them to patients will be able to develop a new method for tumor immunotherapy. Through analyze the character of the TCR BV gene, McAb against TCR or DNA vaccine to inhibit the growth of T cell clones associated-autoimmune disease and tumors might be developed. The McAb and vaccine may be used to cure these diseases. The commo T cells can also be modifed to specific antitumor T cells by method of TCR gene transfer. In this review, the characteristics of TCR, analysis method for gene spectrotyping of TCR BV, segments of TCR BV and autoimmue distase, T cell clones in hematologic maligrancies, recognition of T cell oligoclone expansion of T cells, and application of TCR BV gene spectrotyping in bone marrow transplantation were discussed and summarised.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Clone Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Gene Rearrangement, beta-Chain T-Cell Antigen Receptor , Genetics , Hematologic Neoplasms , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Classification , Genetics , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Cell Biology , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300280

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the mechanism of p16 gene inactivation in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>53 cases of freshly excised salivary adenoid cystic carcinomas were studied. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis of polymerase chain reaction products (PCR-SSCP) were used to detect deletion and mutation of p16 gene in salivary adenoid cystic carcinomas. Methylation specific PCR (MSP) was used to detect the methylation status of p16 gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The homozygous deletion, mutation and hypermethylation of p16 gene were noted in 16 cases (30.2%), 4 cases (7.5%) and 26 cases (49.1%) respectively in 53 cases of salivary adenoid cystic carcinomas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The main inactivation mechanisms of p16 gene in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma were hypermethylation and homozygous deletion. The mutation p16 gene was rare in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , DNA Methylation , Gene Silencing , Humans , Mutation , Polymerase Chain Reaction
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355669

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>To study the clinical significance of the expression of antiapoptosis gene, survivin and bcl-2, and proapoptosis gene, Fas and bax, in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), RT-PCR was used to examine the expression of survivin and flow cytometry (FCM) to detect the expression of Fas, bcl-2, bax and bcl-2/bax ratio in 68 cases of AML. The results demonstrated that: (1) The positivity of survivin mRNA expression was significantly higher in AML compared to control (70.6% vs 30%, P < 0.05). (2) The expression of Fas and bcl-2 in AML before treatment was significantly higher than that in control (P < 0.001), but the bax expression did not (P > 0.05). (3) The survivin-positive AML cases showed a significantly lower Fas and higher bcl-2 expression in comparison with survivin-negative ones (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001, respectively), but the bax did not (P > 0.01). (4) Survivin-positive AML cases had a lower CR rate as compared with survivin-negative cases (64.6% vs 90%, P < 0.05). (5) The survivin-positive CR cases showed a decreased expression of Fas and bcl-2 after treatment in comparison with pretreatment expression (P < 0.001), but the bax expression remained unchanged before and after therapy. The survivin-positive NR cases showed a significantly decreased Fas and increased bcl-2 expression as compared with pretreatment expression (P < 0.001). bcl-2/bax ratio was also significantly higher in NR cases.</p><p><b>IN CONCLUSION</b>70.6% AML cases showed positive for survivin expression with a lower CR rate, the survivin-positive AML showed a low Fas with high bcl-2 expression and bcl-2/bax ratio as compared to the survivin-negative cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Biomarkers, Tumor , Genetics , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Female , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Genetics , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , fas Receptor
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 307-310, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251117

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To analyze and compare the constituents of the volatile oil of Pogostemon cablin collected from different regions of cultivation and harvesting times in order to evaluate the quality of Shipai Huoxiang and to expound the chemical intension of Pogostemon cablin.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The combination of GC and MS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The volatile oil compositions of Herba Pogostemonis collected from various of cultivation regions and harvesting times are obviously different. Based on the chemical differences of the volatile oil compositions, Pogostemon cablin is divided into two chemotypes, Pogostone-type and Patchouliol-type. The former was cultivated in Guangzhou and Gaoyao regions, locally named as "Shipai Huoxiang"; the latter was locally named as "Hainan Huoxiang", cultivated in Wuchuan, Suixi and Leizhou regions of Guangdong Province and Wanning region of Hainan Province. The Pogostone-type contains rich oxygenated components, especially pogostone in the volatile oil compositions and poor non-oxygenated composition with patchouliol. The above chemical data may be used as evaluation standard for the authentic Shipai Huoxiang. The Patchouliol-type contains similar quantities of oxygenated and non-oxygenated composition, especially rich patchouliol with poor pogostone in oxygenated compositions, rich delta-guaiene and alpha-guaiene in non-oxygenation compositions. The contents of volatile oil and their constituents were varied due to different harvesting time. The yields of pogostone and volatile oil of Shipai Huoxiang was higher in July. The quality of the samples collected in this month was better.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>According to the volatile oil compositions, there are two chemotypes (Pogostone-type and Patchouliol-type) in Pogostemon cablin plant. These two chemotypes correspond to the genotypes of plastid matK gene and nuclear 18s rRNA gene by cluster analysis.</p>


Subject(s)
Ecosystem , Environment , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Classification , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Quality Control , Seasons
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