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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239154


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the role of CD44 in monocyte adhesion to human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) and monocyte migration across an in vitro model of blood-brain barrier (BBB) infected by Cryptococcus neoformans (Cn).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An in vitro blood-brain barrier model was constructed using a transwell chamber covered with a HBMEC monolayer. The wild-type strain of Cn B4500FO2, TYCC645#32 strain with CPS1 gene deletion and PCIP strain with CPS1 complementation were chosen to infect the monolayer HBMECs. THP-1 cells were added to the upper chamber of transwell, and the relative migration rate was determined by counting the number of the cells entering the lower chambers. The inhibitory effects of anti-CD44 monoclonal antibody and the CD44 inhibitor bikunin were examined on THP-1 binding to and migration across HBMECs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Cn infection of the HBMECs caused markedly enhanced THP-1 cell adhesion and migration across the monolyers (P<0.01) dependent on Cn concentration and exposure time. Addition of anti-CD44 monoclonal antibody and bikunin significantly lowered THP-1 adhesion and migration rates in the BBB model with Cn-infected HBMECs (P<0.01) with a dose dependence of the antibody (within 0-1 µg) and inhibitor (within 0-20 nmol/L). Both THP-1 adhesion rate and migration rate were lowered in the BBB model infected with CPS1 gene-deleted Cn but increased in the model infected with the complemented strain compared with those in the wild-type strain-infected model.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the in vitro BBB model, CD44 expressed on HBMECs may play an essential role in monocyte adhesion to and migration across the BBB. The capsular hyaluronic acid may mediate Cn-induced monocyte adhesion and migration.</p>

Blood-Brain Barrier , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Brain , Cell Biology , Microbiology , Cell Line , Cryptococcosis , Allergy and Immunology , Cryptococcus neoformans , Endothelial Cells , Microbiology , Humans , Hyaluronan Receptors , Metabolism , Monocytes , Cell Biology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819986


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of B-ultrasound on the evaluation of the effects of traditional Chinese medicine compound of Radix astragali, Salvia miltiorrhiza and Angelica sinensis, and TCM + praziquantel on liver fibrosis in rabbits with schistosomiasis.@*METHODS@#The hepatic fibrosis model in rabbits with schistosomiasis was established. The experimental animals (24 rabbits) were randomly divided into four groups (group A, B, C and D, n=6). Group A (control group) was only treated by praziquantel; Group B was treated by mixture of Radix astragali and Salvia miltiorrhiza + praziquantel; Group C was treated by mixture of Radix astragali and Angelica sinensis + praziquantel; Group D was treated by mixture of Radix astragali, Salvia miltiorrhiza and Angelica sinensis + praziquantel. Then B-ultrasonogram was used to evaluate the effects.@*RESULTS@#Each group showed certain curative effect on liver fibrosis in rabbits with schistosomiasis. The efficacy of group B, C and D was better than group A, and that of group D was the best. The differences in long diameter, thickness diameter, transverse diameter and portal vein inner diameter of liver before and after treatment were statistically significant (P<0.05). The liver function indexes and liver fibrosis indexes were significantly improved after treatment (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The mixture of Radix astragali, Salvia miltiorrhiza and Angelica sinensis combined with Western medicine treatment can obviously improve the efficacy on liver fibrosis of schistosomiasis.

Angelica sinensis , Chemistry , Animals , Anthelmintics , Therapeutic Uses , Disease Models, Animal , Herbal Medicine , Liver , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis , Pathology , Male , Praziquantel , Therapeutic Uses , Rabbits , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Schistosomiasis , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 257-259, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238986


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical features of chronic epididymitis (CE) for the purpose of improving its diagnosis and treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, we selected 63 CE patients in this study, obtained the data on their symptoms, signs, sexual activities, histories of related diseases, impact on quality of life and CE symptom indexes (CESI) by interrogation, physical examination and questionnaires, assessed their correlation with CE, and summarized the clinical features of the disease.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The case group showed a similarity to the controls in age, ethnicity, education, smoking and drinking, but significantly larger numbers of sexual partners and patients with a history of urinary tract infections than the latter. Epididymal swelling and tenderness were found in 92.1%, and scrotal pain in 75.5% of the CE patients. CESI and the score of the impact on quality of life were 7.9 +/- 4.6 and 12.5 +/- 5.6 in the case group, significantly higher than in the controls (4.4 +/- 3.2 and 8.5 +/- 4.2) (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The significant signs of chronic epididymitis are epididymal swelling and tenderness, which affect the patient's quality of life. The association of chronic epididymitis with the number of sexual partners and history of urinary tract infections are yet to be further confirmed by larger-sample studies.</p>

Adult , Chronic Disease , Epididymitis , Diagnosis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 503-504, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323324


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the Toxoplasma gondii (TOX) infection in males with sterility and the effect of the infection on the reproductive function of males.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Enzyme linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect TOX-CAg, TOX-IgG and TOX-IgM in the peripheral blood of male patients with sterility.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 100 cases of male sterility, 7 were TOX-IgG positive (7%), 16 TOX-IgM positive (16%) and 13 TOX-CAg positive (13%). Among 100 normal males, 7 were TOX-IgG positive (7%), 3 TOX-IgM positive (3%) and 1 TOX-CAg positive (1%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TOX infection may affect the fertility of males and cause male sterility. For this reason, males should prevent themselves from TOX infection.</p>

Adult , Animals , Antibodies, Protozoan , Blood , Antigens, Protozoan , Blood , China , Epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Immunoglobulin M , Blood , Infertility, Male , Epidemiology , Parasitology , Male , Toxoplasma , Allergy and Immunology , Toxoplasmosis , Epidemiology