Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 18 de 18
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of modified Huanglian Wendantang in treating newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with phlegm (dampness)-heat syndrome, in order to study the effect on islet β cell function and adipocytokines. Method:A total of 130 patients were randomly divided into two groups by random number table (65 cases in each group). The 60 patients in control group completed the treatment (4 patients fell off or lost visit, 2 were eliminated because of breach of plan), and the 61 patients in observation group completed the treatment (3 patients fell off, 1 were eliminated). And 20 healthy volunteers were taken as normal control group. Both groups′ patients got lifestyle interventions and metformin hydrochloride tablets (1 tablet/time, 1 time/day during the meal). In addition, patients in control group got Huazhuo Qingshen Keli in the morning and at night, 5 g/time, 2 times/day, and patients in observation group got modified Huanglian Wendantang, 1 dose/day. And the treatment was lasted for 3 months. Before and after treatment, levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), postprandial 2 blood glucose (PBG), HbA1c and fasting insulin (FINS), insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), insulin sensitivity index (InISI), islet β cell function index (HOMA-β), early insulin secretion index (I30/△G30) and late insulin secretion index (AUCI30~I120/G30~G120), total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), adiponectin, TNF -α (TNF-α), resistin and leptin were detected. And syndrome of phlegm (dampness) combined with heat were scored, and the safety was discussed. Result:The total effective rate in observation group was 91.80% (56/61), which was higher than 78.33% (47/60) in control group (χ2=4.333, P<0.05). And the score of phlegm (dampness)-heat syndrome was lower than that in control group (P<0.01), levels of FBG, PBG, HbA1c, HOMA-IR, AUCI30~I120/G30~G120, TC, TG, LDL-C, TNF-α, leptin and resistin were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), while levels of I30/△G30, HOMA-β, InISI, HDL-C and adiponectin were higher than those in control group (P<0.01). There was no adverse reaction related to modified Huanglian Wendantang. Conclusion:In addition to treatment with metformin, modified Huanglian Wendantang can effectively control blood glucose and lipid, regulate adipocyte factor, improve early and late phase insulin secretion, improve the function of β cell and insulin sensitivity of islet, improve IR, with a better comprehensive efficacy and a safety in clinical use.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the survival status and explore factors related to death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Taizhou City during 2006‒2019. Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the data on HIV-infected patients receiving ART in Taizhou during 2006‒2019. Kaplan-Meier (K-M) method was used to calculate the cumulative survival rate and cumulative treatment success rate. Cox regression model was used to determine survival status and factors associated with ART. Results:A total of 2 904 HIV-infected patients was included. The cumulative survival rate after 1, 3, 5, and 8 years of ART were 96.9%, 94.9%, 93.1% and 92.1%, respectively, and the cumulative treatment response rate were 91.3%, 85.3%, 81.8% and 73.8%, respectively. Compared with aged 18-30 years old, baseline CD4+T cell >350 count/μL, normal hemoglobin level, effective ART, no clinical symptom at baseline, and homosexual transmission, we found that aged 51-60 years old(HR=4.94,95%CI:1.66-14.69), aged over 60 years old(HR=9.14,95%CI:3.14-26.63), anemia at baseline(HR=2.24,95%CI:1.55-3.23), baseline CD4+T cell <200 count/μL(HR=4.35,95%CI:2.14-8.86), ART failure (HR=3.90,95%CI:2.73-5.58), heterosexual transmission(HR=1.92,95%CI:1.15-3.20), and signs of symptom at baseline(HR=1.68,95%CI:1.16-2.41) were risk factors of HIV-related death. Conclusion:The effect of ART in Taizhou City is confirmed with a high cumulative survival rate and treatment success. We should pay additional attention to senior HIV-infected patients with anemia at baseline and intensively monitor the effect of ART. Interventions such as “treat after discover” are supposed to be implemented more widely to further reduce HIV-related mortality.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the complications of upper gastrointestinal foreign body in children and related risk factors.@*METHODS@#Clinical data were collected from 772 children with upper gastrointestinal foreign bodies who were treated at the outpatient service or were hospitalized from January 2014 to December 2018. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for the development of complications in children with upper gastrointestinal foreign bodies.@*RESILTS@#The upper gastrointestinal foreign bodies were taken out by electronic endoscopy for the 772 children. There were 414 boys and 358 girls, with a median age of 2.8 years. Children under 3 years old accounted for 59.5%. The foreign bodies were mainly observed in the esophagus (57.5%) and the stomach (28.9%), with a retention time of ≤24 hours in 465 children (60.2%) and >24 hours in 307 children (39.8%). The types of upper gastrointestinal foreign bodies mainly included round metal foreign bodies (37.2%), long foreign bodies (24.7%), sharp foreign bodies (16.2%), batteries (14.4%), corrosive substances (4.8%), and magnets (2.7%). As for the severity of complications, 47.7% (368 children) had mild complications, 12.7% (98 children) had serious complications, and 39.6% (306 children) had no complications. The logistic regression analysis showed that an age of 24 hours were risk factors for the development of complications in these children (OR=2.141, 7.373, 6.658, 8.892, and 6.376 respectively, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#An understanding of the above high-risk factors for the complications of upper gastrointestinal foreign bodies is helpful to choose appropriate intervention methods and thus reduce the incidence of serious complications.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Esophagus , Female , Foreign Bodies , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in neonates.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang Database, CNKI, and Weipu Database were searched for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of HFNC versus nCPAP in the treatment of neonatal RDS published up to April 1, 2020. RevMan5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of the eligible RCTs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 12 RCTs were included, with 2 861 neonates in total, among whom 2 698 neonates (94.30%) had a gestational age of ≥28 weeks and 163 (5.70%) had a gestational age of 0.05). For primary respiratory support and post-extubation respiratory support, the HFNC group had a significantly lower incidence rate of nasal injury than the nCPAP group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on the current clinical evidence, HFNC has a higher failure rate than nCPAP when used as primary respiratory support for neonates with RDS, and therefore it is not recommended to use HFNC as the primary respiratory support for neonates with RDS. In RDS neonates with a gestational age of ≥28 weeks, HFNC can be used as post-extubation respiratory support in the weaning phase.


Subject(s)
Cannula , China , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777525

ABSTRACT

Gastrodia elata B1.,a traditional Chinese medicine,was frequently applied as a cure for headache or migraine. Its effects include suppressing hyperactive liver,calming endogenous wind,dredging collateralsand relieving spasm. There has been a proportion that G. elata should be added to The List of Substances That Are Traditionally Both Food and Chinese Medicinal Materials. The dry G. elata was commonly used in clinic,which have some fundamental study on efficacy and mechanism. However,fresh G. elata,which was added to herbal cuisine very often,lacks corresponding research. The interaction of diet,microbiota and human is a hot issue and lots of scholars are focusing on it. This research sequenced the 16 S rRNA of mouse cecal contents on Mi Seq platform to understand the effect of taking fresh G. elata. As the results showing,multiple probiotics grew after taking fresh G. elata extract,including Ruminiclostridium,Butyricicoccus,and Parvibacter. To contrast,some pathogens or potential pathogens,such as Escherichia/Shigella,Parasutterella,decreased. This manifests that fresh G. elata performs a positive regulation on mouse gut microbiota,especially the low-dose fresh G. elata extraction could restructure the microbiota apparently. Our result reveals that microbiota might be a new target for G. elata extract and provides an important basis for further research on the interaction between gut microbiota and pharmacological activity of G. elata.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Genetics
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to characterize the diagnostic and vaccine potential of a novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen Rv0674.@*METHODS@#To evaluate the diagnostic potential and antigenicity of Rv0674, IgG was evaluated using ELISA and interferon (IFN)-γ was done by using ELISpot assay among TB patients and healthy donors. For immunogenicity evaluation, BALB/c mice were immunized with Rv0674. Cytokine production was determined by cytokine release assay using an ELISA kit, and the antibodies were tested using ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The results of serum Elisa tests showed that Rv0674 specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) response was higher in TB patients than negative controls. And Rv0674 had good performance in serological test with sensitivity and specificity of 77.1% and 81.1%, respectively. While it shows poor sensitivity and specificity of 26.23% and 79.69% for IFN-γ tests. In BALB/c mice, Rv0674 adjuvant by DDA/Poly I:C could also induce a high level of IFN-γ, interleukin-2 and interleukin-6 as well as a high IgG titer in both high- and low-dose groups indicating that Rv0674 is essential in humoral and cellular immunity. Moreover, the cytokine profile and IgG isotype characterized Rv0674 as a Th1/Th2-mixed-type protective immunity with the predominance of Th1 cytokines.@*CONCLUSION@#Rv0674 may be a good potential candidate for the development of TB serological diagnosis and a new TB vaccine.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Antigens, Bacterial , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Immunity, Humoral , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773089

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to observe the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of Chaenomeles speciosa and omeprazole on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats, and explore its possible mechanism. Rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, omeprazole monotherapy(3.6 mg·kg~(-1)) group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa monotherapy(100 mg·kg~(-1)) group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole combination therapy(100 mg·kg~(-1)+3.6 mg·kg~(-1)) group. Except for the normal group, the other groups were given indomethacin(20 mg·kg~(-1)) by oral once a day for 7 consecutive days. Then the treated groups were given corresponding drugs by gavage, once a day for 14 consecutive days. The next day after the last administration, half of the rats in each group were measured the gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric juice volume and serum TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10. After the remaining rats in each group were underwent pyloric ligation 4 hours after the last administration, the gastric endocrine volume, pH value and total acidity of gastric secretion were measured, then histological analysis was performed, MPO activity, cAMP content and histomorphological analysis were conducted. Real-time PCR was applied to detect the mRNA expressions of gastric tissue TNF-α,IL-1β, IL-6, IL-4, IL-10, VEGFA, A_(2A)R; the protein expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R, PKA, p-PKA, CREB, p-CREB, EGF, EGFR, p-EGFR, MUC6, TFF2 in gastric tissue were detected by Western blot. The results indicated that total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole combination therapy might significantly increase gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric mucus volume, reduce gastric endocrine volume, secretion acidity and mucosal damage, decrease the levels of TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6, increase the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in blood and gastric tissue, inhibit the activity of MPO, increase the content of cAMP in gastric tissue, up-regulate the mRNA expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R and protein expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R, PKA, p-PKA, CREB, p-CREB, EGF, EGFR, p-EGFR, MUC6, TFF2 in gastric tissue, elevate p-PKA/PKA, p-CREB/CREB and p-EFGR/EFGR. Moreover, the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole was more obvious than those of two monotherapies. These aforementioned findings suggested that the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer have significant therapeutic effect on indomethacin induced gastric ulcer in rats, its mechanism might be related to regulating A_(2A)R/AKT/CREB, A_(2A)R/VEGFA, EGF/EGFR and MUC6/TFF2 signaling pathways, inhibiting pro-inflammatory factors, increasing gastric mucosal blood flow, up-regulating mucosal cell proliferation factors and promoting mucosal protective factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Gastric Mucosa , Indomethacin , Omeprazole , Pharmacology , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rosaceae , Chemistry , Stomach Ulcer , Drug Therapy , Triterpenes , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687287

ABSTRACT

Huanshao capsule is widely used in irregular menstruation and has achieved a good effect. Huanshao capsule can promote gonad development in mice, significantly improve the ovarian index in mice, increase estrogen level and reduce FSH level in rats, inhibit the pain response induced by oxytocin and estrogen, inhibit writhing reaction induced by acetic acid pain in mice. Due to the complexity of traditional Chinese medical formula, the pharmacological mechanism of the treatment on the irregular menstruation of the Huanshao capsule is unclear. In this study, the internet-based computation platform (www.tcmip.cn)was used to explore the molecular mechanism of Huanshao capsule on the menstrual. The aim of this study was to find the molecular mechanism of Huanshao capsule in treating menstrual. In the study of the molecular mechanism of Huanshao capsule in the treatment of menstrual by using the internet-based computation platform, Huanshao capsule maybe treat the menstrual by the pathway of endocrine system, GnRH signal transduction pathway, estrogen signal transduction pathway, oxytocin signaling pathway, thyroid hormone signaling pathway, VEGF signaling pathway, FCεRI signaling pathway and purine metabolism and nucleotide metabolism. The early pharmacological study confirmed Huanshao capsule could increase the serum estradiol level and decrease follicle stimulating hormone level and the traditional Chinese medicine pharmacology coincide with the prediction result of internet-based computation platform which roles as the pathway of GnRH signaling pathway and estrogen signal transduction pathway. Other pathway needs further experimental verification.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775344

ABSTRACT

To observe the effect of total triterpenoids of Chaenomeles speciosa on PPARγ/SIRT1/NF-κBp65 signaling pathway and intestinal mucosal barrier of ulcerative colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in mice, C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa (50, 100 mg·kg⁻¹) groups and sulfasalazine (250 mg·kg⁻¹) group. The ulcerative colitis (UC) model was induced by orally administering 2.5% DSS to the experimental mice, and the corresponding drugs were given to each group 3 days before the administration with 2.5% DSS. The normal group and the model group were given the equal volume of 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium solution by gavage continuously for 10 days, q.d. The general conditions of the mice were observed on a daily basis, and the disease activity index (DAI) score was recorded. On the 10th day after the treatment, mice were put to death, the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10 in the blood were detected, colon length was measured, colon mucosa damage index (CMDI) score was calculated, and MPO activity detection and histomorphology analysis were conducted. Real-time PCR was applied to detect the mRNA expressions of E-cadherin, occluding,MUC2 and TFF3; the protein expressions of SIRT1, IKKβ, p-IKKβ, IκBα, p-IκBα and cytosol and nucleus PPARγ, NF-κBp65 in intestinal tissue were detected by western blot. The results indicated that total triterpenoids of C. speciosa (50, 100 mg·kg⁻¹) could significantly improve the general conditions of UC mice, reduce the DAI, CMDI and histopathological scores, increase the colon length, reduce the colonic mucosa ulcers, erosion and inflammatory infiltration, restore the normal intestinal mucosal barrier function, reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IFN-γ, increase the contents of IL-4 and IL-10 in the blood, inhibit MPO activity in colon tissue, up-regulate the mRNA expressions of E-cadherin, occludin, MUC2 and TFF3 in colon tissue, down-regulate the protein expressions of cytosol PPARγ, tissue p-IKKβ, p-IκBα and nucleus NF-κBp65 in the colon tissue, decrease the p-IKKβ/IKKβ and p-IκBα/IκBα ratios, up-regulate the protein expressions of nucleus PPARγ, tissue SIRT1 and cytosol NF-κBp65 (<0.05 or <0.01, respectively), with a dose-effect relationship between the total triterpenoids of C. speciosa treated groups. These findings suggested that total triterpenoids of C. speciosa had a significantly therapeutic effect on UC mice induced by DSS, its mechanism might be related to the regulation of PPARγ/SIRT1/NF-κBp65 signaling pathway, the inhibition of pro-inflammatory factor formation and the up-regulation of protein expression of protective factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative , Drug Therapy , Colon , Dextran Sulfate , Disease Models, Animal , Intestinal Mucosa , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rosaceae , Chemistry , Signal Transduction , Sirtuin 1 , Metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 139-143,149, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703082

ABSTRACT

In this study,we estimated the application value of detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) specific IgG/IgM antibodies for tuberculosis diagnosis with colloidal gold immunochromatography assay (GICA).We collected 332 effective serum samples and their background information,including 260 patients with tuberculosis and 72 healthy individuals.The means of GICA was used to detect MTB specific IgG/IgM antibodies.Results were compared with the clinical diagnosis and the results of bacteriological tests.The SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the results,and when P<0.05 the difference was statistically significant.The sensitivity and specificity of GICA were 41.15% and 91.67%,and the sensitivity of the bacterial positive and negative patients were 51.38% and 33.77%,respectively.The positive rate of IgG/IgM antibodies detection with GICA (41.15%) was much higher than that of bacteria with acid-fast stain of sputum smear (18.84%) and sputum bacteria cultivation (36.15 %) (P < 0.05) respectively.The positive rate of the combination of tuberculosis antibody detection,sputum bacterial culture and sputum smear was 61.54%,higher than the result of single method or combination of two methods.The detection of specific antibodies against MTB in serum with GICA is sensitive,specific,rapid and convenient,which can be used in clinical screening.Meanwhile,there are still certain limitations of this method,and the sensitivity and specificity need to be improved.Therefore,the GICA can be used as an auxiliary diagnosis combined with sputum bacteriology,imaging test and clinical features rather than diagnose tuberculosis alone.

11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 536-539, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812918

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the benefits of nursing care service in the assisted reproduction clinic to self-cycle-management and self-efficiency of the outpatients with infertility.@*METHODS@#We randomly divided 600 females preliminarily diagnosed with infertility into a control and an experimental group, 288 in the former and 285 in the latter group excluding those whose husbands had azoospermia. For the women patients of the experimental group, we conducted nursing care intervention concerning related knowledge, skills, diet, excise, medication, and psychology, by one-to-one consultation, individualized or group communication, establishing files, telephone follow-up, and wechat guidance. After 3 months of intervention, we compared the compliance of medical visits, effectiveness of cycle management, sense of self-efficiency, satisfaction, and anxiety score between the two groups of patients.@*RESULTS@#In comparison with the controls, the patients of the experimental group showed significantly better knowledge about assisted reproduction and higher effectiveness of self-cycle-management, self-efficiency, and satisfaction (P <0.05), but a markedly lower degree of anxiety (P <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Nursing care service in the assisted reproduction clinic can improve the compliance of medical visits, effectiveness of self-cycle-management, self-efficiency, and satisfaction and reduce the anxiety of the patients.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Diet , Exercise , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Infertility , Nursing , Psychology , Menstrual Cycle , Patient Compliance , Patient Satisfaction , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Psychology , Self Efficacy
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate the mechanism of Chinese tuina in treating sciatic nerve crush injury, and to detect the levels of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), which is thought to play an important role in nerve regeneration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to sciatic nerve crush injury and 16 rats (sham-operated group) went through a sham operation. Control group was given no treatment while tuina group received tuina therapy since day 7 post-surgery. Tuina treatment was performed once a day and lasted for 20 days. The sciatic functional index was examined every 5 days during the treatment session. The rats' gastrocnemius muscles were evaluated for changes in mass and immunohistochemistry techniques were performed to detect the levels of tPA and PAI-1.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Tuina therapy improved the motor function of sciatic nerve injured rats (P<0.05), however, it did not increase muscle volume (P<0.05). Tuina downregulated the levels of tPA and PAI-1 (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The present study implies that tuina treatment could accelerate rehabilitation of peripheral nerve injury.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335833

ABSTRACT

Paris is a raw material of a variety of Chinese medicines, which has become deficient in resource due to market demand substantial growth and wild Paris resources reducing increasingly and the artificial cultivation slow growth. This study compared pharmacological activity in analgesia and anti-inflammatory and hemostasis effects of P. forrestii with pharmacopoeial Paridis Rhizoma to expand its range of Paris medicinal resources and protect wild resources of Paris and meet market demand. The experimental study showed that P. forrestii and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and P. polyphylla var. chinensis had analgesic, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effects. They can significantly reduce the number of writhing and inhibit rat foot swelling induced by carrageenan and mice capillary permeability induced by acetic acid and short the bleeding time and clotting time. Their function is equivalent.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335832

ABSTRACT

Paris is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and its resource is in shortage, a variety of related plants are acquired as Paris. This study compared pharmacological activity in anti-inflammatory and hemostatic and blood rheology of P. vietnamensis with pharmacopoeial Paridis Rhizoma to expand its range of Paris medicinal resources and protect wild resources of Paris and meet market demand. The experimental study showed that P. vietnamensis and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and P. polyphylla var. chinensis had anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect and improved blood rheolog. They can significantly inhibit rat foot swelling induced by carrageenan and short the bleeding time and clotting time and reduce the blood viscosity in rats with acute blood stasis model, P. vietnamensis and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis can inhibit mice capillary permeability induced by acetic acid.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320357

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate and characterize indigenous algicidal bacteria and their algae-lysing compounds active against Microcystis aeruginosa, strains TH1, TH2, and FACHB 905.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The bacteria were identified using the Biolog automated microbial identification system and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The algae-lysing compounds were isolated and purified by silica gel column chromatography and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Their structures were confirmed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Algae-lysing activity was observed using microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The algae-lysing bacterium LTH-2 isolated from Lake Taihu was identified as Serratia marcescens. Strain LTH-2 secreted a red pigment identified as prodigiosin (C20H25N3O), which showed strong lytic activity with algal strains M. aeruginosa TH1, TH2, and FACHB 905 in a concentration-dependent manner. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of prodigiosin with the algal strains was 4.8 (± 0.4)× 10⁻² μg/mL, 8.9 (± 1.1)× 10⁻² μg/mL, and 1.7 (± 0.1)× 10⁻¹ μg/mL in 24 h, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The bacterium LTH-2 and its pigment had strong Microcystis-lysing activity probably related to damage of cell membranes. The bacterium LTH-2 and its red pigment are potentially useful for regulating blooms of harmful M. aeruginosa.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Bacteria , Classification , Genetics , Metabolism , Lakes , Microcystis , Phylogeny
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274768

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the sodium content and energy of commercial dishes in 4 Chinese restaurants in Beijing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June to August of 2011, 4 medium-sized restaurants were selected by convenience sampling method. Overall, 47 commercial dishes (including 9 cold dishes and 38 cooked dishes) consumed at least 6 times by consumers and provided by at least 2 restaurants were selected. One complete serving was selected for each dish to investigate its energy and sodium content, and calculate its sodium density.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median value of sodium content in cold dishes and cooked dishes were 580, 522 mg/100 g (Z = 0.83, P > 0.05) or 1427, 2301 mg/serving (Z = 2.03, P < 0.05); the median sodium density for cold and cooked dishes were 1902 and 670 mg/1000 kJ (Z = 2.81, P < 0.01); the median value of energy in cold dishes and cooked dishes were 514, 717 kJ/100 g (Z = 2.15, P < 0.05) or 1113, 3492 kJ/serving (Z = 4.03, P < 0.05). Of the 47 dishes, 46.8% (22/47) exceeded the daily recommendation of sodium content for Chinese residents (2200 mg).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The commercial dishes in medium-sized Chinese restaurants provide a relatively higher energy and sodium. Cold dishes contain less energy but have high sodium density, so the sodium from these dishes could not be ignored.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Cooking , Energy Intake , Food Analysis , Restaurants , Sodium, Dietary
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 895-904, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344022

ABSTRACT

A rapid ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometric (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method is developed for the qualitative identification of constituents in the flower buds of seven Lonicera species. The optimal condition of separation and detection were achieved on an AcQuity UPLC BEH C18 column with a gradient elution with acetonitrile and 0.1% acetic acid within 17 min. Among the 33 constituents detected, 6 caffeoylquinic acids (including caffeic acid), 8 flavonoids and 8 iridoid glycosides were characterized based on their fragmentation patterns in collision-induced dissociation (CID) experiments and/or by comparison with standard compounds. In addition, to statistically establish the correlation and discrimination of the Lonicera species, principle component analysis (PCA) was applied in this study. Lonicera samples were divided into well-defined groups directly related to their species based on PCA in terms of the log transformed relative contents of the major caffeoylquinic acids (including caffeic acid) as the variables. All of results indicated that the method presented here is able to classify the sample species and to reveal characteristic details of the chemical constituents of different Lonicera species.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Flowers , Chemistry , Lonicera , Chemistry , Classification , Principal Component Analysis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274978

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the antiinflammatory effect of a compound TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) agent on animal models. The agent contains ant extractive and a blent of three herbal products, herba epimedii, fructus cnidii, and fructus lycii.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Three animal models to induce experimental inflammation in rats, including carrageenin--induced paw edema, cotton-ball granuloma and adjuvant induced arthritis, were chosen to study the antiinflammatory effect of the TCM agent.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The TCM agent showed a marked inhibitory effect on edema induced by all three types of inflammation in rats, the inhibitory rate of the TCM agent at the dose of 0.20, 0.40 and 0.80 g.kg-1 in granuloma model bing over 25% at 1 hour post oral administration, and being 23.8%, 22.7%, 39.7% at 6 hour. In addition, the TCM agent also showed a significant preventive as well as therapeutic effect on adjuvant induced arthritis in rats, and improved the pathological changes of the animal joints with the induced arthritis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TCM agent has significant antiinflammatory effects on the three above mentioned animal models.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Therapeutic Uses , Ants , Arthritis , Drug Therapy , Capsules , Cnidium , Chemistry , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Edema , Drug Therapy , Epimedium , Chemistry , Granuloma, Foreign-Body , Drug Therapy , Lycium , Chemistry , Male , Materia Medica , Therapeutic Uses , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL