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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920745

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the species of trematodes isolated from laying ducks in Nanchang City using morphological and molecular approaches. Methods Trematodes were isolated from the hepatobiliary duct, gallbladder and large intestine of market-sold laying ducks in Nanchang City. Following morphological characterization, total DNA was extracted from all trematode specimens, and internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) and cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 (Cox1) genes were amplified using PCR assay and sequenced. Sequence alignment was performed using the Blast software, and homology and phylogenetic analyses were done in the trematode isolates based on ITS and Cox1 gene sequences. Results The morphological characteristics of two trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducks were similar to those of Echinostoma revolutum and E. miyagawai, and the morphological characteristics of eight trematode samples isolated from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks were similar to those of Amphimerus anatis. The ITS and Cox1 gene sequences of the two trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducks had 99.3% and 98.9%-99.4% homology with E. miyagawai, and the phylogenetic analysis showed that two trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with E. miyagawai based on ITS and Cox1 gene sequences. The ITS gene sequences of eight trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks shared 95.1%-95.5% with Opisthorchis sudarikovi and Clonorchis sinensis, while the Cox1 gene sequences of eight trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks shared 86.3%-86.4% and 85.5%-85.7% with O. viverrini and O. sudarikovi. ITS gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis showed that the duck-derived trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with C. sinensis, and Cox1 gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis showed that the duck-derived trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with Metorchis orientalis and O. viverrini. Conclusions The trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducts in Nanchang City may be E. miyagawai, and the trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder may be an unidentified trematode species of the family Opisthorchiidae.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921642

ABSTRACT

This study intends to develop a high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection(HPLC-DAD) method for simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, 2-hydroxymethyl-3-hydroxyl-1-butene-4-O-β-D-(6″-O-caffeoyl)-glucopyranoside, pubescenoside B, huazhongilexone-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, rutin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C in Ilex hainanensis. The HPLC conditions are as follows: Waters XBridge C_(18 )column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), mobile phase of 0.5% formic acid in water(A)-acetonitrile(B), gradient elution(0-8 min, 5%-12% B; 8-18 min, 12%-18% B; 18-30 min, 18%-25% B; 30-40 min, 25%-30% B; 40-42 min, 30%-80% B; 42-45 min, 80% B) at the flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), detection wavelengths of 282, 324, and 360 nm, column temperature of 25 ℃, and injection volume of 5 μL. The content of the 8 phenols in 8 samples was 0.30-6.29, 0.29-3.27, 0.15-10.4, 0.51-5.85, 0.49-9.02, 0.51-4.68, 1.93-13.4, and 0.87-5.95 mg·g~(-1), respectively. Moreover, the content of phenols in the samples collected in October was higher than that of samples harvested in other months. The established method is accurate and sensitive for the determination of phenols in I. hainanensis, which is useful for the quality improvement of this herbal medicine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ilex , Phenols
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878714

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders(NMOSD)with connective tissue diseases(CTD). Methods Clinical data of 16 NMOSD-CTD patients and 54 NMOSD patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from January 2015 to February 2020 were collected.The initial symptom,intracranial lesion,spinal cord lesion,laboratory examination and treatment response were compared between the two groups. Results The incidence of Sjögren's syndrome(SS)was the highest(10/16,62.5%)in NMOSD-CTD group.The NMOSD-CTD group had significantly higher positive rate of aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G(AQP4-IgG)in serum or cerebrospinal fluid(100% vs. 70.2%,P=0.009),higher positive rates of serum anti-nuclear antibodies,anti Sjögren's syndrome A antibodies and anti-Ro52 autoantibodies(P0.05).Conclusions NMOSD is often complicated with CTD,and SS is the most common one.The positive rate of serum or cerebrospinal AQP4-IgG and the seropositivity of several other autoantibodies in NMOSD-CTD patients were higher than those in NMOSD patients.Neurological impairment in NMOSD-CTD patients were severer,which should arouse attention of clinicians.


Subject(s)
Aquaporin 4 , Autoantibodies , Connective Tissue Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Neuromyelitis Optica/epidemiology
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications.@*METHODS@#The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25@*CONCLUSIONS@#The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896138

ABSTRACT

Giardia lamblia is a common enteric pathogen associated with diarrheal diseases. There are some reports of G. lamblia infection among different breeds of cattle in recent years worldwide. However, it is yet to know whether cattle in Jiangxi province, southeastern China is infected with G. lamblia. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the prevalence and examine the multilocus genotypes of G. lamblia in cattle in Jiangxi province. A total of 556 fecal samples were collected from 3 cattle breeds (dairy cattle, beef cattle, and buffalo) in Jiangxi province, and the prevalence and genotypes of G. lamblia were determined by the nested PCR amplification of the beta-giardin (bg) gene. A total of 52 samples (9.2%) were positive for G. lamblia. The highest prevalence of G. lamblia was detected in dairy cattle (20.0%), followed by that in beef cattle (6.4%), and meat buffalo (0.9%). Multilocus sequence typing of G. lamblia was performed based on sequences of the bg, triose phosphate isomerase and glutamate dehydrogenase loci, and 22, 42, and 52 samples were amplifiable, respectively, forming 15 MLGs. Moreover, one mixed G. lamblia infection (assemblages A and E) was found in the present study. Altogether, 6 novel assemblage E subtypes (E41*-E46*) were identified for the first time. These results not only provided baseline data for the control of G. lamblia infection in cattle in this southeastern province of China, but also enriched the molecular epidemiological data and genetic diversity of G. lamblia in cattle.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903842

ABSTRACT

Giardia lamblia is a common enteric pathogen associated with diarrheal diseases. There are some reports of G. lamblia infection among different breeds of cattle in recent years worldwide. However, it is yet to know whether cattle in Jiangxi province, southeastern China is infected with G. lamblia. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the prevalence and examine the multilocus genotypes of G. lamblia in cattle in Jiangxi province. A total of 556 fecal samples were collected from 3 cattle breeds (dairy cattle, beef cattle, and buffalo) in Jiangxi province, and the prevalence and genotypes of G. lamblia were determined by the nested PCR amplification of the beta-giardin (bg) gene. A total of 52 samples (9.2%) were positive for G. lamblia. The highest prevalence of G. lamblia was detected in dairy cattle (20.0%), followed by that in beef cattle (6.4%), and meat buffalo (0.9%). Multilocus sequence typing of G. lamblia was performed based on sequences of the bg, triose phosphate isomerase and glutamate dehydrogenase loci, and 22, 42, and 52 samples were amplifiable, respectively, forming 15 MLGs. Moreover, one mixed G. lamblia infection (assemblages A and E) was found in the present study. Altogether, 6 novel assemblage E subtypes (E41*-E46*) were identified for the first time. These results not only provided baseline data for the control of G. lamblia infection in cattle in this southeastern province of China, but also enriched the molecular epidemiological data and genetic diversity of G. lamblia in cattle.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878821

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology was used to analyze the chemical constituents from classical prescription Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang standard decoction. Acquity HSS T3 column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used as the chromatographic column, with 0.1% formic acid solution-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The volume flow rate was 0.4 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 40 ℃. Mass spectrometry data of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang standard decoction were collected in positive and negative ion modes. The chemical constituents from classical prescription Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang standard decoction were analyzed and identified by Masslynx 4.1 software combined with SciFinder database, comparison with reference mate-rials, mass spectrometry data analysis and reference to relevant literature. A total of 110 compounds were analyzed and identified, including 33 flavonoids, 14 monoterpene glycosides, 8 triterpenoids, 8 gingerols, 17 phenylpropanoids, 12 organic acids, 7 amino acids and 11 other compounds. The results of this study provide an experimental basis for the further research on the substance basis and quality control of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang standard decoction.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids/analysis , Glycosides , Prescriptions , Reference Standards
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression level of cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) in children with recurrent wheezing under three years of age and its effect on the expression of the serum orosomucoid 1-like protein 3 (ORMDL3) gene.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six children with recurrent wheezing under three years of age who visited the hospital from June 2017 to June 2019 were selected as the recurrent wheezing group. Twenty-four healthy children from physical examination were selected as the control group. The CREB expression level in peripheral blood was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) were cultured, and dual-luciferase reporter assay and quantitative real-time PCR were used to investigate the effects of overexpression and siRNA interference of CREB on the promoter activity and mRNA expression of the ORMDL3 gene in the BEAS-2B cells.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of CREB in the recurrent wheezing group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.001). In BEAS-2B cells, overexpression of CREB significantly up-regulated the promoter activity and mRNA expression of the ORMDL3 gene (P<0.05), while siRNA interference of CREB significantly reduced the promoter activity and mRNA expression of the ORMDL3 gene (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression of CREB is increased in children with recurrent wheezing, and CREB may be involved in the pathogenesis of recurrent wheezing by regulating expression of the ORMDL3 gene.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Respiratory Sounds
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827970

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish an HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of 6 main components, including chlorogenic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid,3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid,4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, pellitorine and neopellitorine B in Achil-leae Herba. HPLC analysis was performed on a Merck Purospher STAR RP-18 endcapped(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with a mobile phase consisting of 0.05% phosphoric acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) at a flow rate of 1 mL·min~(-1)(0-7 min,12%-14% B;7-10 min,14%-17% B;10-25 min,17%-22% B;25-35 min,22%-35% B;35-51 min,35%-80% B;51-60 min,80%-90% B). The detection wavelength was 254 nm and the column temperature maintained at 30 ℃, and the injection volume was 5 μL. The standard curves revealed a good linear relationship. The contents of 6 components were 0.404%-2.116% for chlorogenic acid, 0.160%-0.892% for 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 0.608%-1.464% for 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 0.168%-0.868% for 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 0.122%-1.234% for pellitorine, 0.065%-0.312% for neopellitorine B, respectively. Both cluster and principal component analysis can distinguish the research data in anthesis and pre-anthesis by software Chempattern. There were obviously differences in the different harvest time. Therefore, attention should be paid to the harvesting time of the herb. The method can be used to determine the contents of six main components, and can provide reference for the improvement of quality standard of Achilleae Herba.


Subject(s)
Chlorogenic Acid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Principal Component Analysis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of microvascular endothelial cells (MEC) on the proliferation of hematopoictic stem cells (HSC) under different culture conditions in vitro.@*METHODS@#The MEC from lung tissue of C57BL/6 mice and the HSC from bone marrow of GFP mice were used for non-contact co-culture, 2 D contact co-culture, at same time the single MEC and single HSC culture were seted up and were used as control group. The cell counting and CCK-8 method were used to detect and compare the proliferation levels of suspension cells in different groups on day 1, 3, 5 and 7.@*RESULTS@#MEC presented adherent growth. In process of cell culture in vitro, the number of suspension cells in MEC and HSC co-culture group and single HSC culture group increased, the suspension cells in 2D contact and non-contact co-culture groups more early gated into logarithmic growth phase as compared with suspension cells in control group, the proliferation level of suspention cells in 2D contact culture group was higher than that in non-contact co-culture group and single HSC culture group (P<0.05), the proliferation level of suspension cells in non-contact co-culture group was higher than that in single HSC culture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The culture of HSC in vitro can proliferate HSC, MEC can promote the proliferation of HSC, MEC also can promote the HSC proliferation by non-contact co-culture in vitro, which relates with the effect of cytokines secreted from MEC; the effect of MEC and HSC contact co-culture on the proliferation of HSC is stronger than that of non-contact co-culture, which relates with the regulation of cell-cell contact.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Proliferation , Endothelial Cells , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687250

ABSTRACT

The present study is to develop an HPLC-ELSD method for simultaneous determination of three pairs of triterpenoid isomers, Ilexsaponin A₁, Ilexhainanoside D, Ilexgenin A, 3β, 19α-dihydroxyolean-12-ene-24, 28-dioic acid (ilexhainanin E) ursolic acid and oleanic acid in the leaf of Ilex hainanensis, which could provide evidence to the quality control of this herb. The six constituents were measured on a Waters XBridge C₁₈ column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with a mobile phase consisting of methanol (A)- 0.5% formic acid in water (B) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min⁻¹ (0-18 min,70%-85% A,18-20 min,85%-95% A;20-35 min,95% A). The carrier gas was N₂, and the pressure was 2.8 L·min⁻¹. The drift tube in this experiment were set at 70 °C. The injection volume was 10 μL. The contents of the six triterpenoids in 6 samples were 3.7-8.5, 10.3 -22.1, 2.8-5.9, 7.8-14.1, 2.6-3.8 and 8.8-11.9 mg·g⁻¹, respectively. The established method is proved to be accurate and sensitive for the determination of triterpenoids in Ilicis Hainanensis Folium, and may be used for the quality improvement of this herb.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698660

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although a large number of related studies have been carried out, there is still a lack of practical methods to amplify hematopoietic stem cells(HSCs)in vitro.Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)secrete a variety of cytokines that promote the HSCs proliferation and inhibit their differentiation. These cytokines play an important role in maintaining the hematopoietic microenvironment and regulating HSCs function. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of bone marrow MSCs on the proliferation of HSCs in vitro under different coculture modes. METHODS:Mesenchymal stem cells from the bone marrow of C57BL/6 mice were cultured in vitro using the whole bone marrow adherent culture. CD117+cells (HSCs) were sorted from passage 3 cells by using miniMACS magnetic beads sorting. Then, CD117+cells were co-cultured with MSCs under different coculture models, including single culture of HSCs (control group), Transwell coculture (upper chamber, HSCs; lower chamber, MSCs) and two-dimensional contact coculture (coculturing HSCs and MSCs in 24-well plates). The morphology of HSCs was observed under phase contrast microscope and fluorescence microscope, and the number of active cells of HSCs was counted at 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after coculture. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: During the coculture of 1-7 days, the number of HSCs in the two groups was increased with culture time (P <0.05). After 3 days of coculture, HSCs in each group was grown into the logarithmic growth phase, and morphological changes in some HSCs were detected at 5 days of coculture. At 7 days of coculture, the viabilities of HSCs in different culture models were ranked as follows: single culture model < Transwell coculture model < two-dimensional contact coculture model (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that MSCs can effectively promote the proliferation of HSCs in vitro,and the promotion effect is increased under contact coculture conditions.

14.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 54-59, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703067

ABSTRACT

Metabolomics is a new discipline which has developed rapidly following post-genomic,transcriptomics and proteomics.It has become an important research method because of its unique advantages.It is mainly used in drug research and development,disease surveillance and other fields.In addition,with the gradual maturation of metabolomics technology and the gradual development of new analytical methods,the application of metabolomics has been more and more widely,and metabolomics technology has been gradually applied to the field of parasite research,especially for protozoan parasites.This paper summarizes metabolomics,metabolomics research methods,and the application of metabolomics in research of protozoan parasites,with the aims of further understanding of metabolomics technology,and providing reference basis for solving problems of protozoan parasites.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712453

ABSTRACT

Objective To comparatively analyze the the relationship between PLoS ALMs,Altmetrics score and the indications for assessing the academic level of individual articles and their efficiency for assessing the academic level of individual articles. Methods The relationship of the viewed, downloaded, discussed, recommended counts and frequency of citation with Altmetrics score, h index, academic track T and their efficiency for assessing a single pa-per were comparatively analyzed with PLoS Biology and PLoS Medicine as an example. Results The viewed, down-loaded and discussed papers were positively related with the frequency of citation and h index, the recommended papers were not related with the h index and academic track T, and the Altmetrics score was moderately related with the red, downloaded and discussed papers, and was weakly related with the frequency of citation. Conclusion PLoS ALMS is a multidimensional assessment. Only it is measured with several indications, can it demonstrate a work’s comprehensive strength.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690711

ABSTRACT

The metabolites were detected in feces and urine of rats orally administrated alkaloids of Piper longum by using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a Fourier Transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (HPLC-FT-MS). According to the mass spectrometric data and reported literature, the structures of metabolites were identified. Several metabolites were analyzed and belonged to piperine, piperanine, piperlonguminine, Δα,β-dihydropiperlonguminine and pellitorine, respectively. The metabolites of alkaloids from P. longum alkaloids were produced through Ⅰ phase and Ⅱ phase metabolism reaction, and were excreted with urination and defecation. The approach provided a rapid method for characterizing the metabolites of P. longum alkaloids and gave the truly active structures and the action mechanism of their neuroprotective effects.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690496

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to investigate the guaianolides from the aerial parts of Artemisia myriantha. The chemical constituents were isolated by chromatographic columns over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS, as well as Semi-prep HPLC methods, and their structures were identified by NMR and MS data. Ten compounds were isolated and identified as follows: artemyriantholide E (1), tanaphillin (2), 1β, 10β-epoxydehydroleucodin (3), 5-hydroxyleucodin (4), dehydrocostuslactone (5), 3-O-methyl-iso-secotanapartholide (6), roxbughianin A (7), dehydroleucodin (8), arglabin (9), and 8α-acetoxyarglabin (10). Compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-7 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compound 3 exhibited selective cytotoxicity against human liver cancer (Bel-7402) with IC₅₀ value of 5.35 μmol·L⁻¹, and 6 against human gastric cancer (BGC-823) with IC₅₀ value of 2.68 μmol·L⁻¹, respectively.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258454

ABSTRACT

The present study is to investigate the chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Artemisia myriantha. The chemical constituents were isolated by column chromatographies over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS and Semi-prep HPLC, and the structures were identified by NMR and MS data. Thirteen known compounds were isolated and identified as: blumenol A (1),(+)-dehydrovomifoliol (2),(+)-3-hydroxy-β-ionone (3),(3R, 6R, 7E)-3-hydroxy-4, 7-megastigmadien-9-one (4),(-)-10-oxo-isodauc-3-en-15-oic acid (5),isoerivanin (6),eudesmafraglaucolide (7), artanomalide A (8),13-acetoxy-3β-hydroxy-germacra-1(10) E,4E,7(11)-trien-12,6α-olide (9),13-acetoxy-3β-tigloyl-germacra-1(10) E, 4E, 7(11)-trien-12, 6α-olide (10),13-acetoxy-3β-(3-methylbutanoyl)-germacra-1(10)E, 4E, 7(11)-trien-12, 6α-olide (11),3,9-diacetoxy-13-hydroxy-1(10), 4, 7(11)-germacratrien-12,6α-olide (12), and 8α-angeloyloxycostunolide (13). Compounds 1-6 and 13 were obtained from the genus Artemisia for the first time, and 7-9 and 12 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compound 8 exhibited selective cytotoxicity against human colon cancer (HCT-8) and human gastric cancer (BGC-823) with IC₅₀ values of 2.33 and 4.53 μmol•L ⁻¹, respectively.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258414

ABSTRACT

Piperine, piperlonguminine and pellitorine are three major amide alkaloids from Piper longum, showing a variety of pharmacological activities. In order to investigate the different metabolism pathways of these compounds in five species of liver microsomes in vitro, the data of full mass spectrum, and MS2, MS3 spectra of these three alkaloids were collected and analyzed by using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a LTQ-orbitrap mass spectrometer (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS); gragment ion information was collected and combined with fragmentation regularities of mass spectra and accurate mass spectrometry data of metabolites, to compare the metabolism difference of three amide alkaloids in liver microsomes of human, rhesus monkey, Beagle dogs, rats and mice. 3 metabolites of piperine, 2 metabolites of piperlonguminine and 1 metabolite of pellitorine were identified quickly. The results showed that the major metabolic pathways of these amide alkaloids in liver microsomes were methylenedioxy group demethylation and oxidation reaction, and metabolic rates were different between species. This study provides basis for further research on in vivo metabolism of piperine analogues from Piper longum.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307085

ABSTRACT

This study is to determine five naphthaquinones (acetylshikonin, β-acetoxyisovalerylalkannin, isobutylshikonin, β,β'-dimethylacrylalkannin,α-methyl-n-butylshikonin) by quantitative analysis of multi-components with a single marker (QAMS). β,β'-Dimethylacrylalkannin was selected as the internal reference substance, and the relative correlation factors (RCFs) of acetylshikonin, β-acetoxyisovalerylalkannin, isobutylshikonin and α-methyl-n-butylshikonin were calculated. Then the ruggedness of relative correction factors was tested on different instruments and columns. Meanwhile, 16 batches of Arnebia euchroma were analyzed by external standard method (ESM) and QAMS, respectively. The peaks were identifited by LC-MS. The ruggedness of relative correction factors was good. And the analytical results calculated by ESM and QAMS showed no difference. The quantitative method established was feasible and suitable for the quality evaluation of A. euchroma.

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