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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 249-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935136

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional changes of key gut microbiota (GM) that produce lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients and to explore their potential role in the pathogenesis of AF. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Patients with AF admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University were enrolled from March 2016 to December 2018. Subjects with matched genetic backgrounds undergoing physical examination during the same period were selected as controls. Clinical baseline data and fecal samples were collected. Bacterial DNA was extracted and metagenomic sequencing was performed by using Illumina Novaseq. Based on metagenomic data, the relative abundances of KEGG Orthology (KO), enzymatic genes and species that harbored enzymatic genes were acquired. The key features were selected via the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis. The role of GM-derived LPS biosynthetic feature in the development of AF was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) and logistic regression analysis. Results: Fifty nonvalvular AF patients (mean age: 66.0 (57.0, 71.3), 32 males(64%)) were enrolled as AF group. Fifty individuals (mean age 55.0 (50.5, 57.5), 41 males(82%)) were recruited as controls. Compared with the controls, AF patients showed a marked difference in the GM genes underlying LPS-biosynthesis, including 20 potential LPS-synthesis KO, 7 LPS-biosynthesis enzymatic genes and 89 species that were assigned as taxa harbored nine LPS-enzymatic genes. LASSO regression analysis showed that 5 KO, 3 enzymatic genes and 9 species could be selected to construct the KO, enzyme and species scoring system. Genes enriched in AF group included 2 KO (K02851 and K00972), 3 enzymatic genes (LpxH, LpxC and LpxK) and 7 species (Intestinibacter bartlettii、Ruminococcus sp. JC304、Coprococcus catus、uncultured Eubacterium sp.、Eubacterium sp. CAG:251、Anaerostipes hadrus、Dorea longicatena). ROC curve analysis revealed the predictive capacity of differential GM-derived LPS signatures to distinguish AF patients in terms of above KO, enzymatic and species scores: area under curve (AUC)=0.957, 95%CI: 0.918-0.995, AUC=0.940, 95%CI 0.889-0.991, AUC=0.972, 95%CI 0.948-0.997. PLS-SEM showed that changes in lipopolysaccharide-producing bacteria could be involved in the pathogenesis of AF. The key KO mediated 35.17% of the total effect of key bacteria on AF. After incorporating the clinical factors of AF, the KO score was positively associated with the significantly increased risk of AF (OR<0.001, 95%CI:<0.001-0.021, P<0.001). Conclusion: Microbes involved in LPS synthesis are enriched in the gut of AF patients, accompanied with up-regulated LPS synthesis function by encoding the LPS-enzymatic biosynthesis gene.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Lipopolysaccharides , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888789

ABSTRACT

Brucea javanica oil emulsion (BJOE) has been used to treat tumor in China for more than 40 years. However, its components and effectiveness in the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and its mechanism of anti-cancer activity remain unknown. In the current study, high-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) was used to analyze the components of BJOE. Then, the anti-leukemia effects of BJOE were examined both in vitro and in vivo using ALL Jurkat cells and the p388 mouse leukemia transplant model, respectively. The primary ALL leukemia cells were also used to confirm the anti-leukemia effects of BJOE. The apoptotic-related results indicated that BJOE induced apoptosis in Jurkat cells and were suggestive of intrinsic apoptotic induction. Moreover, BJOE inhibited Akt (protein kinase B) activation and upregulated its downstream targets p53 and FoxO1 (forkhead box gene, group O-1) to initiate apoptosis. The activation of GSK3β was also involved. Our findings demonstrate that BJOE has anti-leukemia effects on ALL cells and can induce apoptosis in Jurkat cells through the phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K) /Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Brucea/chemistry , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Mice , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Seeds/chemistry , Signal Transduction
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1326-1331, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, laboratorial and bone marrow pathological features of primary thrombocytopenia (ET) patients with different mutations of CALR, JAK2 and MPL genes.@*METHODS@#The chinical data of 120 cases of ET in Jiangsu provincial people's hospital/ The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2017 were collected and analyzed, including 76 cases with JAK2 gene mutation, 40 cases with CALR gene mutation, 2 cases with MPL gene mutations, 2 cases without gene mutation.@*RESULTS@#Among the ET patients, compared with the JAK2 gene mutation, CALR gene mutation showed statistically significant deareament of white blood cells and hemoglobin (P=0.001, P=0.01) and the male platelets in CALR group showed significant increament (P=0.04). Fourthermore, the average number of megakaryocytes and its cluster numbers in each hight power field of vision showed statistically significant decreament in CALR group as compared with JAK2 group (P=0.001, P=0.001), and thrombotic events in CALR group were signicantly lower than those in JAK2 group (7.5% vs 18.4%) (P=0.03).@*CONCLUSION@#Mutations of CALR, JAK2 have different clinical characteristics and blood pathological changes of Chinese ET patients, and their clinical significance is worth to explore.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Calreticulin , Genetics , China , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Genetics , Thrombocythemia, Essential
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1144-1154, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827633

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of milk intake with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cause-specific mortality remained controversial and evidence among the Chinese population was limited. We aimed to study the relationship between milk intake and CVDs among general Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#A total of 104,957 participants received questionnaire survey. Results of physical examination such as anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests during 2007 to 2008, demographic data and their information on milk intake were collected through standardized questionnaires. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of CVD incidence, cause-specific mortality and all-cause mortality related to milk intake. Restricted cubic splines (RCSs) were applied to examine dose-response associations.@*RESULTS@#Among the 91,757 participants with a median follow-up period of 5.8 years, we documented 3877 CVD cases and 4091 all-cause deaths. Compared with participants who never consumed milk, the multivariate-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of CVD incidence for 1 to 150 g/day, 151 to 299 g/day, and ≥300 g/day were 0.94 (0.86-1.03) (P > 0.05), 0.77 (0.66-0.89) (P < 0.05), and 0.59 (0.40-0.89) (P < 0.05), respectively; each 100 g increase of daily milk intake was associated with 11% lower risk of CVD incidence (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.85-0.94; P < 0.001), and 11% lower risk of CVD mortality (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.82-0.97; P = 0.008) after adjustment for age, sex, residential area, geographic region, education level, family history of CVD, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity level, body mass index, and healthy diet status (ideal or not). RCS analyses also showed a linear dose-response relationship with CVD (P for overall significance of the curve <0.001; P for non-linearity = 0.979; P for linearity <0.001) and stroke (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.010; P for non-linearity = 0.998; P for linearity = 0.002) incidence, and CVD mortality (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.045; P for non-linearity = 0.768; P for linearity = 0.014) within the current range of daily milk intake.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Daily milk intake was associated with lower risk of CVD incidence and mortality in a linear inverse relationship. The findings provide new evidence for dietary recommendations in CVD prevention among Chinese adults and people with similar dietary pattern in other countries.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878673

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)complicated with cytomegalovirus infection(CMV). Methods The medical records of patients diagnosed with SLE at discharge in the Department of Immunology at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between July 1,2017 and April 1,2019 were retrospectively reviewed,and the clinical and laboratory data related to CMV infection were analyzed. Results Of the 231 patients with SLE,115(49.8%)had CMV infection.Among them,78(67.8%)were asymptomatic CMV infection and 37(32.2%)were diagnosed with CMV disease.Univariate analysis showed the number of organs involved(


Subject(s)
Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Cytomegalovirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Serum Albumin, Human/analysis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779504

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically and quantitatively evaluate the relationship of rs12252 polymorphism in IFITM3 gene and susceptibility to influenza in Chinese population. Methods The databases of Medline, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang and VIP were searched to retrieve the articles which focused on the topic of relationship between the rs12252 polymorphism and susceptibility to influenza in Chinese population. Meta-analysis method was used to comprehensively and quantitatively analyze the enrolled articles. Results Seven papers with a total of 919 influenza cases were involved in this article. Influenza virus involved influenza A (H7N9, H1N1 pmd09, H3N2) and influenza B. Study-based sequential meta-analysis of the study showed that the total sample size of this study have achieved the required sample size to obtain stable positive results. The results of this meta-analysis showed that the rs12252 polymorphism was associated with susceptibility to influenza in Chinese population and that the rs12252C polymorphism in IFITM3 gene was more susceptible to have influenza in Chinese people (C vs T: OR=1.67, 95% CI:1.45-1.92; CC vs TT: OR=2.61, 95% CI:1.97-3.46; TC vs TT: OR= 1.55, 95% CI:1.20-2.00; CC vs TC+TT: OR= 2.01, 95% CI:1.49-2.72; CC+TC vs TT: OR =8.90, 95% CI:4.94-16.06). Conclusion the rs12252 polymorphism of IFITM3 gene was a risk factor for influenza in Chinese population.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779396

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of HFRS and rodent monitoring data in JiangXi province from 2012 to 2017, so as to provide scientific basis for controlling HFRS prevalence. Methods Descriptive epidemiological method was adopted to analyze the changes in time, region, and population morbidity of HFRS and rodent monitoring data from 2012 to 2017 in the province. Results From 2012 to 2017, there were 3 763 HFRS cases with 33 deaths reported in JiangXi province, the incidence was 1.38/100 000, the case fatality was 0.88%.The incidence in males was significantly higher than that in females( 2=452.282, P<0.001).In the composition of occupation,the proprotion of farmers was decreased, while household workers, workers waiting for employment, students and other occupations were increased.There were two peaks in spring (from May to June) and winter (from November to January), and the winter peak was obviously higher than the spring peak. The average rat density at the two surveillance areas was 3.63%. Rattus norvegicus was predominant in residential areas and Apodemus agrarius was predominant in the wild.The six years on average index of rats with virus was 0.04. Conclusion The incidence of epidemic hemorrhagic fever in JiangXi Province generally showed an upward trend from 2012 to 2017, which suggest that we should continue to strengthen comprehensive prevention and control measures: rodent control in high-incidence areas, popularize vaccination and replenishment, and carry out health education for the whole population.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778294

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemic characteristics of human brucellosis in Jiangxi province from 2011 to 2017,thereby providing reference for future prevention and control work. Methods We analyzed the case information reported in the National Notifiable Infectious Diseases Reporting Information System of Jiangxi Province during 2011-2017 by combining with the monitoring data. Results A total of 239 cases were recorded over these six years, with an average incidence rate of 0.08/100 000. Most cases and agglomerations were concentrated in the Nanchang area (48 cases/4 cases), with the case distribution ranging from 1 in 2011 to all in 2016, and the number of counties(districts) involved had increased from 1 in 2011 to 68 in 2017, which increased rapidly year by year ( 2= 94.31, P<0.001). The gender ratio was 3.12 ∶〗1(181 ∶〗58). Most cases were concentrated in the 40-65 age group, while farmers and herdsmen were high-risk population, accounting for 59.83 % (143/239). The incidence of brucellosis peaked from May to September (May peak and September peak). In 2012-2017, 7 160 blood samples were collected from risk population, with 95 being positive for Brucella (1.33 %). From 2013 to 2017, 62 strains of the Brucella, 4 were Brucella melitensis type1, 54 were Brucella melitensis type3 and 4 were Brucella suis were isolated from 193 cases. Conclusions The human brucellosis was aggravated in Jiangxi province, with the expansion of regional scope. Therefore, more efforts should be focused on regulation to prevent and control brucellosis better.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777926

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To establish the optimal epidemical trend prediction model of influenza in Jiangxi Province and provide scientific guidance for influenza prevention and control. Methods Monthly influenza sentinel surveillance data of Jiangxi Province were derived from the “Influenza Surveillance Information System In China” from 2013 to 2017, and the different forecasting methods were used to build model, such as autoregressive(AR),exponential smoothing(ES) and autoregressive integrated moving average(ARIMA), also compared predictions with actual values in 2017. Results R square of the three models were 0.731, 0.751 and 0.815 respectively; the root mean square error(MRSE) were 0.253, 0.243 and 0.212, respectively; mean absolute error(MAE)were 0.189, 0.178 and 0.151, respectively; mean absolute percentage error(MAPE) were 10.092, 9.523 and 8.124 respectively; the average relative error (MRE) were 11.45%, 10.92% and 8.96%, respectively. Conclusions ARIMA was a good model for predicting the percentage of influenza-like illness in outpatient visits in Jiangxi Province.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical characteristics and treatment response of 100 patients with pure red cell aplasia(PRCA).METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 100 adult patients with acquired PRCA from October2009 to July 2019, and compared the difference in efficacy between idiopathic and secondary patients.RESULTS: 100 patients were evaluated, including 60 idiopathic patients and 40 secondary patients.The most common reasons for secondary PRCA were large granular lymphocytic leukemia(LGLL)(28 cases,70.0%)and thymoma(6 cases, 15.0%). The remission induced regimens included corticosteroids(CS), cyclosporine A(CsA), or other agents, and the response rate were 66.7%,71.4% and 50%, respectively(P=0.336). Secondary PRCA was less effective than idiopathic PRCA(52.5%,78.3%,P=0.007). PRCA related to large granular lymphocytic leukemia was also less effective compared to idiopathic PRCA(46.4%,79.3%,P=0.003). When treated by CsA, idiopathic PRCA was more effective than secondary PRCA and LGLL related PRCA(P=0.001, P=0.000). Logistic regression analysis showed that lower response rate was related to secondary PRCA and LGLL related PRCA.CONCLUSION: The response rate were similar by different induced regimens. Idiopathic PRCA could acquired better response to CsA than secondary, LGLL related PRCA was less effective to treatment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of eltrombopag in the treatment of refractory acquired pure red cell aplasia(PRCA). METHODS: Three patients with refractory acquired PRCA treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University/Jiangsu Province Hospital from March 2018 to May 2019 were treated with eltrombopag(75 mg/d). The clinical data were collected for evaluating efficacy and tolerance. RESULTS: The erythrocyte count(P=0.039), hemoglobin concentration(P=0.018) and reticulocyte percentage(P=0.046) in 3 patients were significantly higher than those before treatment. The platelet count was higher than that before treatment(P=0.024). The leukocyte count and absolute neutrophil count increased in 2 patients, and decreased in 1 patient, but still remained in the normal range(P=0.924; P =0.565). Total bilirubin(TBIL) and direct bilirubin(DBIL) increased in 1 case; alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and serum creatinine(Scr) increased in 1 case; palpitation occurred in 1 case. All the side effects were alleviated after symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSION: Eltrombopag has certain efficacy and good tolerance in the treatment of refractory acquired PRCA, which is worthy of further exploration.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776043

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics and the prognosis of disseminated non-tuberculous mycobacteria(NTM)diseases in human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)negative patients. Methods Cases of disseminated NTM disease were retrospectively collected in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2012 to October 2018.Clinical manifestations,laboratory findings,treatment,and prognosis of these cases were retrieved from the electronic medical record system. Results Among the 23 HIV negative patients with disseminated NTM disease,21 had underlying diseases,with rheumatoid immune disease(n=7)as the most common one.The main clinical manifestation was fever(n=23).Laboratory tests showed anemia [hemoglobin(85.78±25.47)g/L],hypoalbuminemia [albumin 29(27-32)g/L],elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate [(85.73±43.78)mm/h] and hypersensitive C-reactive protein [(112.00±70.90)mg/L],and reduction of lymphocyte count [0.69(0.29-2.10)×10 /L].Lymphocyte subset analysis indicated reduction in CD4 T cells [213(113-775)/μl],CD8 T cells [267(99-457)/μl],B cells [39(4-165)/μl],and NK cells [88(32-279)/μl] and elevation of human leukocyte antigen-D related(HLA-DR),and CD38 expression in CD8 T cells [HLA-DR CD8 /CD8 ,60(40-68)%;CD38 CD8 /CD8 ,81(65-90)%].The most common species of NTM was Mycobacterium intracellular(n=6).Lymphocyte,CD8 T cell,B cell,and NK cell counts were significantly lower in dead patients than surviving patients(P =0.045,P=0.045,P=0.032,and P=0.010,respectively). Conclusions Disseminated NTM disease in HIV negative patients is mainly manifested as fever,anemia,hypoalbuminemia,and elevated inflammatory indicators.It is more likely to occur in immunocompromised patients.Patients with decreased lymphocytes,CD8 T cells,B cells and NK cells tend to have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Anemia , B-Lymphocytes , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Fever , HIV Seronegativity , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Killer Cells, Natural , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Diagnosis , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 452-456, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703879

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the trends of serum total cholesterol (TC) among Chinese adult cohorts from 1998 to 2015. Methods: The subjects of this study came from China Multicenter Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Epidemiology and International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia. The baseline investigations were completed during 1998-2001, and the two follow-ups were conducted during 2007-2008 and 2013-2015, respectively. A total of 9 477 participants aged 35-74 years with complete serum TC data from three surveys were included in this study. Analysis on variance of data regarding repeated measurements were used to investigate the variation of serum TC in different subgroups. The serum TC levels were represented by mean (standard errors). Results: During 1998-2015, the mean level of serum TC of all participants significantly elevated from 4.81(0.01) mmol/L to 4.91(0.01) mmol/L, and to 4.98(0.01) mmol/L, growth rates of which were 2.08% and 3.53% in the first and second follow-up, respectively (Ptrend<0.001), especially for females. The fastest growth was noted in the group of young women aged 35-45 years over time, with a growth rate of 11.43%. No such a significant change in the male group during follow-up. The serum TC level and its growth rate in urban residents was significantly higher than those in rural residents. Conclusions: Longitudinal data demonstrated that the mean serum TC level among Chinese adults was continuously increased during 1998~2015. Prevention strategy for hypercholesterolemia should focus more on young women and urban residents.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1364-1370, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780009

ABSTRACT

As an important drug carrier, liposome has the advantages of high biocompatibility and low immunogenicity. It has been widely used in the field of drug delivery, especially the targeted treatment of tumors. However, traditional liposomes are composed of flowing dynamic phospholipid membranes, which are easy to fuse together, resulting in aggregation and drug leakage. In addition, the lower degree of polyethylene glycol (PEG) modification also limits the targeted delivery performance of the vector in vivo. In view of the problems, a nanoparticle-targeted drug delivery system combining the inorganic carrier calcium phosphate with liposomes was designed, namely lipid calcium phosphate (LCP). Using doxorubicin (DOX) as a model drug, doxorubicin-loaded lipid calcium phosphate nanoparticles (DOX/LCP) were prepared by reverse microemulsion method, and the preparation conditions were investigated. The structure and morphology of calcium phosphate cores were observed by infrared spectroscopy, EDS spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The particle size, encapsulation efficiency, drug loading, stability and release behavior in vitro of DOX/LCP were investigated. Confocal microscopy and flow cytometry were used to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the uptake of DOX in drug-resistant tumor cell line MCF-7/DOX by LCP, respectively, and the thiazolium MTT colorimetric method was used to examine its cytotoxicity. LCP exhibited a typical core-shell structure with good size uniformity and dispersibility. The particle size was in (48.6 ±3.9) nm, the potential was in (−12.1 ±1.2) mV, and the encapsulation efficiency was above 80%. Moreover, it has a good stability in simulated plasma. In vitro release of LCP had a significant pH dependence. When the pH of the environment was 7.4, the cumulative release within 24 hours was less than 20%; as the pH of the release medium decreases, the release rate of DOX/LCP was accelerated gradually. Accumulated release over 24 hours exceeded 90% in the pH 4.5 medium. LCP significantly promoted the uptake and accumulation of DOX by drug-resistant cells, and the inhibition rate of drug-resistant tumors was significantly increased in vitro. The half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of LCP/DOX and free DOX were 4.6 and 11.8 μg·mL−1, respectively, and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). In summary, the LCP prepared in this study had a small particle size, high encapsulation efficiency and good stability. It had environmental responsiveness and potential inhibition of tumor drug resistance, which suggests a potential in the clinical application.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742292

ABSTRACT

Ticks are the vectors of various pathogens, threatening human health and animal production across the globe. Here, for the first time we detected Ricketssia spp., Borrelia spp. and protozoan in ticks from Poyang Lake region in Jiangxi Province of eastern China. In 3 habitat categories and on 12 host species, 311 ticks from 11 species were collected. Haemaphysalis longicornis was the predominant species, accounting for 55.63%, followed by Rhipicephalus microplus, Haemaphysalis flava and Ixodes granulatus. Of the collected ticks, 7.07% were positive for tick-borne pathogens, and H. longicornis and H. flava were found to be co-infected with Ricketssia spp. and protozoan. H. flava was the most detected positive for tick-borne pathogens, whereas H. longicornis had the lowest infection rate, and the difference in infection rates between tick species was significant (χ²=61.24, P < 0.001). Furthermore, adult ticks demonstrated remarkably greater infection rate than immature ticks (χ²=10.12, P=0.018), meanwhile ticks on Erinaceidae showed significantly higher positivity than ticks collected on other host species (χ²=108.44, P < 0.001). Genetic fragment sequencing and analyses showed at least 4 pathogen species presence in ticks, namely Borrelia yangtzensis, Rickettsia slovaca or Rickettsia raoultii related genospecies, Babesia vogeli and Hepatozoon canis or Hepatozoon felis related genospecies. The finding indicates that the abundant ticks can carry diverse pathogens in Poyang Lake region, and pathogen infection is highly related to species, vertebrate hosts and life stages of ticks.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Babesia , Borrelia , Cats , China , Ecosystem , Epidemiology , Felis , Hedgehogs , Humans , Ixodes , Lakes , Rhipicephalus , Rickettsia , Risk Factors , Ticks , Vertebrates
16.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 265-268, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693883

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the teaching quality of clinical epidemiology for medical students engaged in eight-year curriculum of Peking Union Medical College, and foster the practice of evidence-based medicine and clinical research in Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH), the Clinical Epidemiology Unit of PUMCH(PUMCH-CEU) utilized successful experience from institutions abroad and conducted a teaching reform. In addition to theory teaching, PUMCH-CEU incorporated literature case study and assignments into the course, so as to improve students' understanding about the design, measurement, and evaluation of clinical research. The execution of a well-designed reformation plan has led to a great success of this course, as well as fruitful achievements.

17.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1089-1093, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703048

ABSTRACT

We investigated the complete genome characteristic of the Hantaan virus strain AYW89-15 isolated in Jiangxi Province,China.Primers were designed and were used to amplify the complete S,M and L segments by RT-PCR.The PCR product were then cloned and sequenced,the gene sequences were analyzed with DNAStar and MEGA6.0 software.Result showed that the complete gene sequence was 11 848 nucleotides in length,the S,M and L segments were 1 699 nt,3 616 nt and 6 533 nt respectively,encoding 429,1 133 and 2 151 amino acids respectively.The sequence identities between stain AYW89-15 and other Hantaan virus were 79.7%-87.3% at the nucleotide level and 92.3%-98.4% at the amino acid level.Phylogenetic analysis of HV showed AYW89-15 belonged to a new HTNV lineage.AYW89-15 was a new subtype of HTNV that exists in Jiangxi Province.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360200

ABSTRACT

Between March, 2016 and January, 2017, 53 patients underwent robotic-assisted esophagectomy with triple incisions. All the patients were intubated with Double lumen endotracheal tub with one-lung ventilation and COpneumoperitoneum, and COpneumothorax was used in 7 cases. Most of the patients could tolerate OLV and COpneumoperitoneum, and 4 patients with COpneumothorax had hypoxemia and required double-lung ventilation or high frequency ventilation; 15 patients developed postoperative pulmonary complications and were transferred to ICU. These results suggest that COpneumothorax during robotic-assisted esophagectomy with triple incision seriously disturbs pulmonary function, and careful anesthesia management is essential for preventing complications.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1171-1178, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290106

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global public health challenge. Articular TB is an important form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, and its diagnosis is difficult because of the low sensitivity of traditional methods. The aim of this study was to analyze the diagnostic value of T-SPOT.TB on synovial fluid for the diagnosis of articular TB.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients with suspected articular TB were enrolled consecutively between August 2011 and December 2015. T-SPOT.TB was performed on both synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMCs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The final diagnosis of articular TB was independent of the T-SPOT.TB result. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, and likelihood ratio of T-SPOT.TB on SFMCs and PBMCs were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty patients with suspected articular TB were enrolled. Six were diagnosed with articular TB, and 14 patients were diagnosed with other diseases. Sensitivity and specificity were 83% and 86% for T-SPOT.TB on SFMCs, and 67% and 69% for T-SPOT.TB on PBMCs, respectively. The positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of T-SPOT.TB on SFMCs were 71% and 92%, respectively. The PPV and NPV were 50% and 82% for T-SPOT.TB on PBMCs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sensitivity, specificity, and NPV of T-SPOT.TB on SFMCs appeared higher than that on PBMCs, indicating that T-SPOT.TB on SFMCs might be a rapid and accurate diagnostic test for articular TB.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Interferon-gamma Release Tests , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects , Synovial Fluid , Chemistry , Tuberculosis , Diagnosis , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1330-1333, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290076

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Tuberculosis (TB) remains a worldwide problem. Intestinal TB (ITB) constitutes a major public health problem in developing countries and has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical, radiological, endoscopic, and pathological features of ITB and to define the strategy for establishing the diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study (from January 2000 to June 2015) was carried out in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and all hospitalized cases were diagnosed as ITB during the study period were included. The relevant clinical information, laboratory results, microbiological, and radiological investigations were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 85 cases, 61 cases (71.8%) were ranged from 20 to 50 years. The ileocecal region was involved in about 83.5% (71/85) of patients. About 41.2% (35/85) of patients had co-existing extra ITB, especially active pulmonary TB. Abdominal pain (82.4%) was the most common presenting symptom followed by weight loss (72.9%) and fever (64.7%). Both T-cell spot of TB test (T-SPOT.TB) and purified protein derivatives (PPD) tests were performed in 26 patients: 20 (76.9%) positive T-SPOT.TB and 13 (50.0%) positive PPD were detected, with a statistical significant difference (P = 0.046). Twenty cases (23.5%) were histopathology and/or pathogen confirmed TB; 27 cases (31.8%) were diagnosed by clinical manifestation consistent with ITB and evidence of active extra ITB; 38 cases (44.7%) were diagnosed by good response to diagnostic anti-TB therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ITB is difficult to diagnose even with modern medical techniques due to its nonspecific clinical and laboratory features. At present, combination of clinical, endoscopic, radiological, and pathological features continues to be the key to the diagnosis of ITB.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peritonitis, Tuberculous , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal , Diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Diagnosis , Young Adult
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