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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1497-1508, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887087

ABSTRACT

Adulterants and counterfeits were found in some of the commercial traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) decoctions in Hongjin Xiaojie Jiaonang, Hongjin Xiaojie Pian, and Chaihuang Keli during the national drug sampling inspection. However, it was difficult to determine the species of the adulterants and counterfeits by conventional testing methods. Therefore, a total of 184 samples of the TCM decoctions and raw materials belong to the prescriptions of above mentioned traditional Chinese patent medicines, including Bupleuri Radix, Bajiaolian, Heimayi, and Shufuchong, were collected and authenticated by DNA barcoding technology. 111 ITS2 sequences were obtained from 115 commercial TCM decoctions and raw materials of Bupleuri Radix, among which 71 were Bupleurum chinense, three were B. scorzonerifolium, and 31 were closely related species in the same genus. In addition, counterfeits derived from different genera, such as Ailanthus altissima (one sample), Saposhnikovia divaricate (two samples), and Solidago decurrens (three samples), were also detected. 21 ITS2 sequences were obtained from 22 commercial TCM raw materials of Bajiaolian, among which 15 were Diphylleia sinensis and six were Dysosma versipellis and other species in genus Dysosma. For 22 Heimayi samples, PCR amplification of COI sequence was failed due to genomic DNA degradation. Among 38 Shufuchong samples, 24 COI sequences were obtained and only nine of them were the genuine species (Armadillidium vulgare) recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, 11 were Porcellio laevis, two were Mongoloniscus sinensis, and two samples could not be identified due to the limitation of database. This study demonstrates that DNA barcoding technology is suitable for the species authentication of the decoctions of traditional Chinese patent medicine prescription. It is a conductive way for the establishment of traceability system for the whole TCM industrial chain.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776900

ABSTRACT

Anemone flaccida Fr. Schmidt is a perennial medicinal herb that contains pentacyclic triterpenoid saponins as the major bioactive constituents. In China, the rhizomes are used as treatments for a variety of ailments including arthritis. However, yields of the saponins are low, and little is known about the plant's genetic background or phytohormonal responsiveness. Using one-quarter of the 454 pyrosequencing information from the Roche GS FLX Titanium platform, we performed a transcriptomic analysis to identify 157 genes putatively encoding 26 enzymes involved in the synthesis of the bioactive compounds. It was revealed that there are two biosynthetic pathways of triterpene saponins in A. flaccida. One pathway depends on β-amyrin synthase and is similar to that found in other plants. The second, subsidiary ("backburner") pathway is catalyzed by camelliol C synthase and yields β-amyrin as minor byproduct. Both pathways used cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases (CYPs) and family 1 uridine diphosphate glycosyltransferases (UGTs) to modify the triterpenoid backbone. The expression of CYPs and UGTs were quite different in roots treated with the phytohormones methyl jasmonate, salicylic acid and indole-3-acetic acid. This study provides the first large-scale transcriptional dataset for the biosynthetic pathways of triterpene saponins and their phytohormonal responsiveness in the genus Anemone.


Subject(s)
Anemone , Genetics , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Genetics , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Glycosyltransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Oleanolic Acid , Metabolism , Plant Growth Regulators , Pharmacology , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Rhizome , Genetics , Metabolism , Saponins , Metabolism , Triterpenes , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707079

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide technical support for market supervision of TCM decoction pieces in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei districts; To facilitate the medical treatment of people in the three districts. Methods A comparative study and analysis on processing procedures of TCM decoction pieces in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei districts was conducted. Results There were some differences in TCM decoction pieces in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei districts. The quality of TCM decoction pieces is easy to be contradictory according to different standards. Conclusion It is badly in need of a unified standard for the preparation of TCM decoction pieces.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812376

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to identify and characterize the major constituents in Juglans mandshurica Maxim. A simple, efficient and sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF/MS) method was established and validated under positive and negative ion modes. The separation was performed on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm) by gradient elution with a mobile phase (Phase A: 0.1% aqueous formic acid solution, Phase B: 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution). A total of 165 compounds were rapidly selected by Targeted and Non-Targeted Peak Finding approaches, and then tentatively identifled by comparing with reference substances or inferred through mass spectrometry fragment ion analysis and literature data. These compounds included 68 naphthalenequinones, 20 diarylheptanoids, 29 flavonoids, 20 triterpenes, and 28 phenolic acids. In conclusion, the present study provided an effective approach to identifying components in complex matrices of herbal medicines such as Juglans mandshurica Maxim.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Databases, Factual , Diarylheptanoids , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates , Chemistry , Juglans , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Naphthoquinones , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes , Chemistry
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773587

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to identify and characterize the major constituents in Juglans mandshurica Maxim. A simple, efficient and sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF/MS) method was established and validated under positive and negative ion modes. The separation was performed on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm) by gradient elution with a mobile phase (Phase A: 0.1% aqueous formic acid solution, Phase B: 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution). A total of 165 compounds were rapidly selected by Targeted and Non-Targeted Peak Finding approaches, and then tentatively identifled by comparing with reference substances or inferred through mass spectrometry fragment ion analysis and literature data. These compounds included 68 naphthalenequinones, 20 diarylheptanoids, 29 flavonoids, 20 triterpenes, and 28 phenolic acids. In conclusion, the present study provided an effective approach to identifying components in complex matrices of herbal medicines such as Juglans mandshurica Maxim.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Databases, Factual , Diarylheptanoids , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates , Chemistry , Juglans , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Naphthoquinones , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes , Chemistry
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279278

ABSTRACT

The eight heavy metals and two essential constitutes of safflowers planted in linzhi which lies in Southern Tibet were analyzed by ICP-MS and by HPLC respectively. Heavy metals of safflower in the region were at the lower level and the essential constitutes were at the higher level. The better quality of safflower here was assisted by the excellent climate in tibet.


Subject(s)
Carthamus tinctorius , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flowers , Chemistry , Metals, Heavy , Tibet
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316031

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the methods of identification and assay in Qianshan Huoxue Gao.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Using TLC to identify Sanchi, Dragon's Blood and using HPLC to determine the content of ginsenoside Rg1.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The linear range of ginsenoside Rg1 was from 0.153 9 to 1.026 microg. The average recovery was 97.4%, RSD was 2.1%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The methods are simple and have good reproducibility.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Topical , Arecaceae , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Ginsenosides , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
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