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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928014

ABSTRACT

The present study detected the component content in Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum by HPLC fingerprint and the multi-component determination method. HPLC analysis was performed on the Agilent ZORBAX SB-C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm). Acetonitrile-0.5% phosphoric acid aqueous solution with gradient elution was employed as the mobile phase. The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. The detection wavelength was 210 nm and the sample volume was 10 μL. The similarity of 18 batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum was 0.343-0.779, indicating that there were great differences between different batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum. Eighteen common peaks were identified, including eight flavonoids such as liquiritigenin and latifolin. The mass fractions of liquiritigenin, luteolin, naringenin, isoliquiritigenin, formononetin, dalbergin, latifolin, and pinocembrin were in the ranges of 0.134 1%-0.495 2%, 0.028 2%-0.167 0%, 0.016 3%-0.591 3%, 0.053 5%-0.188 0%, 0.142 4%-0.640 1%, 0.068 0%-0.590 7%, 0.003 2%-1.980 7%, and 0.009 6%-0.740 2%, respectively. Eighteen batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum were divided into three categories by cluster analysis and eight differential components in Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum were marked by partial least-squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA). The cumulative variance contribution rate was 90.5%. The HPLC fingerprint combined with the multi-component determination method for Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum is easy in operation and accurate in results, with good repeatability and reliability. The quality of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum can be evaluated and analyzed by the PLS-DA model. This study is expected to provide a reference for the quality control and clinical application of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927997

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and serum pharmacochemistry were employed to study the migrating components in rat sera after intragastric administration of the water extracts of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix(PTR). After the respective intragastric administration of PLR and PTR extracts, blood samples were collected from the orbital vein. The serum samples were treated by protein precipitation method with methanol and acetonitrile at a ratio of 1∶1 and then passed through Agilent ZORBAX RRHD SB-C_(18) column(3 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) and Agilent SB-C_(18) pre-column(3 mm×5 mm, 1.8 μm) with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) as the mobile phase. The elution was performed at the flow rate of 0.25 mL·min~(-1), the column temperature of 40 ℃, and the injection volume of 2 μL. By comparison of the total ion chromatogram and secondary fragment ion information of PLR and PTR water extracts, PLR-and PTR-containing sera, and blank serum, we found 42 migrating components(including 17 prototype components and 25 metabolites) in the sera of rats treated with PLR and 35 migrating components(including 15 prototype components and 20 metabolites) in the sera of rats treated with PTR. Thirty-three common components were shared by the two treatments, including 13 prototype components and 20 metabolites. The differences of migrating components in the PLR-and PTR-treated rat sera provide a scientific basis for further study of the active components and quality markers of PLR and PTR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Rats , Serum
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879034

ABSTRACT

Kudzu plants in the subfamily sphenoideae of Leguminosae are commonly used herbs in China, Japan, Korea, India and Thailand, with a long history of medicinal use. They are recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Japanese Pharmacopeia, Korea Pharmacopeia, Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia of India and Flora of Thailand. There are 15-20 species of Pueraria in the world, including 7 species and 2 varieties in China. At present, there are 6 species with medicinal value, such as Pueraria lobata and P. thomsonii. The main chemical components of the genus are isoflavones, flavonoids, terpenes, steroids, coumarins, puerarin glycosides and benzopyrans. A total of 240 compounds have been isolated and identified from this genus, and their pharmacological effects mainly include improvement of the cardiovascular system, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-alcoholic and estrogen-like effects. In this study, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Pueraria at home and abroad were systematically summarized, in order to provide references for the material basis, quality control and further development of Pueraria genus.


Subject(s)
China , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Japan , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Republic of Korea , Thailand
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873329

ABSTRACT

Objective::To rapidly identify and analysis the chemical constituents in the methanol extract of heartwood of Dalbergia cochinchinensis by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Method::UPLC RRHD SB-C18 column (3.0 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used for chromatographic separation with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution (0-0.01 min, 5%B; 0.01-2 min, 5%-22%B; 2-28 min, 22%-35%B; 28-45 min, 35%-44%B; 45-55 min, 44%-100%B; 55-57 min, 100%B; 57-57.10 min, 100%~5%B) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1. The analytes were determined in negative ion mode with electrospray ionization (ESI) and data collection range of m/z 100-1 500. Result::A total of 101 chemical constituents were identified, including 22 flavonoids, 34 isoflavones, 15 neoflavonoids, 18 other flavonoids and 12 other components. Conclusion::UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technique can quickly, accurately and comprehensively identify the chemical constituents in the heartwood of D. cochinchinensis. Isoflavones, flavonoids and neoflavonoids are the main chemical constituents in the heartwood of D. cochinchinensis, which is of great significance to reveal its internal material basis and provides experimental basis for this plant to be developed as a potential new resource of traditional Chinese medicine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873257

ABSTRACT

Objective::Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum is a rare traditional Chinese medicine material in China. However, there are many varieties of various sources and different qualities in the market at present. In order to further define the pharmacodynamic substance basis, electrospray time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to rapidly analyze chemical constituents of methanol extract of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum. Method::Chromatographic separation was performed on an UPLC RRHD SB-C18(3.0 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm)for gradient elution, with mixtures of acetonitrile and 0.1%formic acid-water as mobile phases at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1. The column temperature was maintained at 40 ℃. The data was collected in a negative ion mode with electro-spray ionization source(ESI). Result::According to molecular ion peaks and MS2 mass spectrometry characteristic fragment ions, Mass Bank databases, as well as the mass spectrometry information of reference substances and relevant literatures, a total of 83 constituents were identified, including 18 flavones, 31 isoflavones, 10 neoflavonoids, 9 isoflavanones, 7 other flavonoids and 8 other components. Conclusion::UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS can quickly, accurately and comprehensively identify chemical constituents in methanol extract of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum, and isoflavones, flavones, neoflavonoids and isoflavanones are the main chemical constituents, which laid a foundation for the basic research of medicinal substances of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum, and provided theoretical basis and technical support for the improvement of quality standards of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774572

ABSTRACT

Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum is derived from heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera,which is national Ⅱ level of rare and endangered protective plants in China. Its resources are scarce and its price is high. In order to find substitutes of D. odorifera,the chemical constituents of 70% ethanol extract of heartwood of D. catifolia were systematically studied by using silica gel,Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography,and semi-preparative HPLC. Sixteen neoflavanoids were isolated and identified as eight dalbergiphenols( 1-8),three dalbergiones( 9-11),two dalbergins( 12,13),two benzophenones( 14,15) and one other type neoflavanoids( 16) based on spectroscopic data analyses and/or comparing the spectroscopic data with those in literature. Among them,compounds 3,7 and 11 were isolated from the genus Dalbergia for the first time,and compounds 2,4-6,8,14 and 15 were isolated from the D. latifolia for the first time. Ten neoflavonoids were both discovered from D. latifolia and D. odorifera.


Subject(s)
Benzophenones , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dalbergia , Plant Extracts
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843556

ABSTRACT

Objective • To establish a method for identifying the chimeric rates in Down syndrome chimeric mice, and study the chimeric rules in different organs. Methods • The proportion of trisomic cells (Tc1 cells) in different organs was calculated by detecting the relative quantity of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) and mouse chromosome 15 (Mmu15) in samples. The relative quantity of Hsa21 and Mmu15 was evaluated with specific primers for genes SIM2 on Hsa21 and Derl1 on Mmu15, respectively, by quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) technology. Results • Three mice were chimeras and the chimeric levels of Tc1 cells were different in various tissues. The chimeric rates in hearts of these 3 mice were 8.98%, 21.71% and 57.70%; in cerebellums, the chimeric rates were 5.62%, 20.17% and 40.43%; in brains, the rates were 8.48%, 15.35% and 20.45%; in livers, the rates were 2.66%, 6.50% and 16.84%; and in spleens, the rates were 1.73%, 3.80% and 11.80%. Conclusion • The chimeric rate of trisomic cells in Down syndrome chimeric mice can be detected by qPCR technology by using primers for genes on specific chromosomes. The chimerism occurs in the hearts, cerebellums, brains, livers and spleens of the chimeric mice and the chimeric rate of Tc1 cells tends to be the highest in the hearts.

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