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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921722


The editorial group of the clinical practice guideline for postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)(hereinafter referred to as "guideline") is composed of experts specialized in TCM orthopedics, TCM gynecology, clinical epidemiology, etc. The guideline was formulated through registration, collection and selection of clinical issues/outcome indicators, evidence retrieval and screening, preparation of systematic reviews, evaluation of evidence quality, formation of recommendations, drafting, and peer review. The syndromes and treatment of PMOP are elaborated in detail. Specifically, Liuwei Dihuang Pills and Zuogui Pills are recommended for PMOP with Yin deficiency in the liver and kidney, Qing'e Pills for PMOP with kidney deficiency and blood stasis, Yougui Pills and Jingui Shenqi Pills for PMOP with Yang deficiency in the spleen and kidney, and Er'xian Decoction for PMOP with Yin and Yang deficiency in the kidney. In addition, Duhuo Jisheng Decoction can be used to relieve pain. The commonly used Chinese patent medicines include Xianling Gubao Capsules, Qianggu Capsules, Jintiange Capsules, Gushukang Capsules, Hugu Capsules, Jinwu Gutong Capsules, and Guyuling Capsules. Acupuncture and moxibustion are also effective approaches for PMOP. The rehabilitation and daily management were carried out by exercise therapies such as Baduanjin(eight-section brocade), Wuqinxi(five-animal exercises), and Taijiquan(Tai Chi), Chinese medicine diet, health education, and fall prevention. The promotion and application of this guideline will facilitate the implementation of TCM prevention and treatment of PMOP, ensure the quality of life of PMOP patients, provide effective and safe TCM treatment measures for PMOP, and reduce the risk of fracture complications.

Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Yin Deficiency
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024


To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.

Adolescent , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3120-3126, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316557


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Endometrial carcinoma is one of the most common female tract genital malignant tumors. Nifedipine, an L-type calcium channel antagonist can inhibit cell proliferation of carcinomas. Recent studies indicated that a rise in the free cytosolic calcium ([Ca(2+)](c)) was a potent inducer of autophagy. Here, we investigated the relationship between nifedipine and autophagy in Hec-1A cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cells were cultured with nifedipine (10 µmol/L) and harvested at different times for counting cell number. MTT assay was applied to evaluate the cell viability and transwell assay to reveal cell migration. Apoptotic cells were detected with annexin V/PI assay. Then cells were treated with 3-methyladenine (3-MA) (2.5 mmol/L) for 0, 5, 15, 30, 60, and 120 minutes and the expression of the L-type calcium channel alpha1D (Cav1.3) protein was detected. At last, cells were cultured and assigned to four groups with different treatment: untreated (control group), 10 µmol/L nifedipine (N group), 2.5 mmol/L 3-MA (3-MA group), and 10 µmol/L nifedipine plus 2.5 mmol/L 3-MA (N+3MA group). Autophagy was detected with GFP-LC3 modulation by fluorescent microscopy, and expression of the autophagy-associated proteins (LC3, Beclin1 and P70s6K) by Western blotting and monodansylcadaverine (MDC) labeled visualization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Proliferation of Hec-1A cells was obviously suppressed by nifedipine compared with that of the untreated cells for 24, 48, and 96 hours (P = 0.000 for each day). The suppression of migration ability of the nifedipine-treated cells (94.0 ± 8.2) was significantly different from that of the untreated cells (160.00 ± 9.50, P = 0.021). The level of early period cell apoptosis induced by nifedipine was (2.21 ± 0.19)%, which was (2.90 ± 0.13)% in control group (P = 0.052), whereas the late period apoptosis level reached (10.38 ± 0.96)% and (4.40 ± 0.60)% (P = 0.020), respectively. The 3-MA group induced a slight increase in the Cav1.3 levels within 15 minutes, but significantly attenuated the Cav1.3 levels after 30 minutes. There were more autophagic vacuoles labeled by MDC in the N group (20.63 ± 3.36) than the control group (6.29 ± 0.16, P = 0.015). GFP-LC3 localization revealed that the LC3 levels of cells in 3-MA group, N+3MA group, 3-MA group were 2.80 ± 0.29, 2.30 ± 0.17, and 1.80 ± 0.21, respectively. Cells in the N group showed significant augmentation of autophagy (P < 0.05). Western blotting analysis confirmed the down-regulation of LC3 levels in 3-MA group (0.85 ± 0.21) and N+3MA group (1.21 ± 0.12) compared with nifedipine treatment (2.64 ± 0.15, P < 0.05). The annexin-V-FITC/PI assay showed that the level of early period cell apoptosis induced in the N+3-MA group ((11.22 ± 0.91)%) differed significantly from that of the control group ((2.51 ± 0.70)%) and N group ((3.47 ± 0.39)%). Similarly, the late period level of the N+3-MA group ((55.19 ± 2.51)%) differed significantly from that of the control group ((15.81 ± 1.36)%) and the N group ((22.09 ± 2.48)%, P < 0.05). The down-regulated expression of P70s6k and up-regulated expression of the Beclin1 revealed significant differences between the N+3-MA group and control group (P = 0.025; Beclin1: P = 0.015).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Proliferation and migration in vitro of endometrial carcinoma Hec-1A cells are significantly suppressed by nifedipine. The nifedipine leads autophagy to oppose Hec-1A cells apoptosis. Autophagy inhibition by 3-MA leads down-regulation of Cav1.3 and enhances nifedipine-induced cell death. The nifedipine-induced autophagy is linked to Beclin1 and mTOR pathways.</p>

Adenine , Pharmacology , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Physiology , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium Channel Blockers , Pharmacology , Calcium Channels, L-Type , Physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Endometrial Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Female , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Physiology , Nifedipine , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Physiology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Physiology