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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1586-1595, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978734

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease driven by antigens and mediated by T cells. Collagen II (CII) and fibrinogen (Fib) are the two main antigens in the pathogenesis of RA. The antigen produced after citrulline modification (Cit) is also one of the inducements to induce the body to produce a pathogenic anti-citrulline protein antibody (ACPA). To provide a reference for RA-related research, this study intends to establish an RA animal model by using CII, Cit-CII, Fib, and Cit-Fib antigens, emulsification with complete Freund's adjuvant and immunization with DBA/1 mice, respectively, to compare the pathological characteristics of RA models induced by different antigens from the aspects of pathology, imaging and serum biochemistry. Animal welfare and experimental process are in accordance with the regulations of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences. The results showed that the CII, Cit-CII, and Cit-Fib induced mice all had symptoms such as joint redness and swelling, and toe deformation and the clinical score and incidence rate were higher than those of the normal group. The CII group had the most serious lesions, with a incidence rate of 100%, and the Cit-CII and Cit-Fib groups had mild symptoms, with a incidence rate of 25% and 37.5%, respectively; pathological and imaging examination results showed that the joints of mice in CII-induced group showed severe synovial inflammation, cartilage and bone destruction, while those in Cit-CII and Cit-Fib group showed only slight inflammatory infiltration, joint cavity stenosis and bone destruction; the results of serum antibody detection showed that CII, Cit-CII and Cit-Fib groups all produced high levels of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies, among which, Cit-Fib group > Cit-CII group > CII group > Fib group, and both Cit-CII and Cit-Fib groups produced high levels of citrullinated epitope-specific antibodies, while the total IgG level was the highest in CII group; serum ELISA and RT-PCR analysis of joint tissue showed that the expression of pro-inflammatory factors and bone destruction-related molecules increased most significantly in the CII-induced group, followed by Cit-Fib and Cit-CII. The above results showed that among the four different antigens, the symptoms and conditions of arthritis in RA mice induced by CII were the most serious, and IgG instead of anti-CCP antibody was its typical immunological feature, and CII could be the first choice for the model of RA mice; Cit-Fib has certain immunogenicity, can partially induce the symptoms and conditions of RA arthritis in mice, and produce high-level anti-CCP antibody and anti-Cit-Fib antibody, which is more suitable for the study of citrulline-related RA; although Cit-CII has certain immunogenicity, the incidence, and severity of RA arthritis induced by Cit-CII in mice are low.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6128-6141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008812

ABSTRACT

The approach combining disease, syndrome, and symptom was employed to investigate the characteristic changes of blood stasis syndrome in a rat model of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head(SONFH) during disease onset and progression. Seventy-two male SD rats were randomized into a healthy control group and a model group. The rat model of SONFH was established by injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) in the tail vein at a dose of 20 μg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) on days 1 and 2 and gluteal intramuscular injection of methylprednisolone sodium succinate(MPS) at a dose of 40 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) on days 3-5, while the healthy control group received an equal volume of saline. The mechanical pain test, tongue color RGB technique, gait detection, open field test, and inclined plane test were employed to assess hip pain, tongue color, limping, joint activity, and lower limb strength, respectively, at different time points within 21 weeks of modeling. At weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 21 after modeling, histopathological changes of the femoral head were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and micro-CT scanning; four coagulation items were measured by rotational thromboelastometry; and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to determine the levels of six blood lipids, vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), endothelin-1(ET-1), nitric oxide(NO), tissue-type plasminogen activator(t-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor factor-1(PAI-1), bone gla protein(BGP), alkaline phosphatase(ALP), receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB(RANKL), osteoprotegerin(OPG), and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b(TRAP5b) in the serum, as well as the levels of 6-keto-prostaglandin 1α(6-keto-PGF1α) and thromboxane B2(TXB2) in the plasma. The results demonstrated that the pathological alterations in the SONFH rats were severer over time. The bone trabecular area ratio, adipocyte number, empty lacuna rate, bone mineral density(BMD), bone volume/tissue volume(BV/TV), trabecular thickness(Tb.Th), trabecular number(Tb.N), bone surface area/bone volume(BS/BV), and trabecular separation(Tb.Sp) all significantly increased or decreased over the modeling time after week 4. Compared with the healthy control group, the mechanical pain threshold, gait swing speed, stride, standing time, and walking cycle of SONFH rats changed significantly within 21 weeks after modeling, with the greatest difference observed 12 weeks after modeling. The time spent in the central zone, rearing score, and maximum tilt angle in the open field test of SONFH rats also changed significantly over the modeling time. Compared with the healthy control group, the R, G, and B values of the tongue color of the model rats decreased significantly, with the greatest difference observed 11 weeks after modeling. The levels of total cholesterol(TC), total triglycerides(TG), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C), and apoprotein B(ApoB) in the SONFH rats changed significantly 4 and 8 weeks after modeling. The levels of VEGF, ET-1, NO, t-PA, PAI-1, 6-keto-PGF1α, TXB2, four coagulation items, and TXB2/6-keto-PGF1α ratio in the serum of SONFH rats changed significantly 4-16 weeks after modeling, with the greatest differences observed 12 weeks after modeling. The levels of BGP, TRAP5b, RANKL, OPG, and RANKL/OPG ratio in the serum of SONFH rats changed significantly 8-21 weeks after modeling. During the entire onset and progression of SONFH in rats, the blood stasis syndrome characteristics such as hyperalgesia, tongue color darkening, gait abnormalities, platelet, vascular, and coagulation dysfunctions were observed, which gradually worsened and then gradually alleviated in the disease course(2-21 weeks), with the most notable differences occurred around 12 weeks after modeling.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Femur Head/pathology , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1/adverse effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Femur Head Necrosis/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Steroids , Pain , Cholesterol
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 851-856, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence and potential influence factors that contribute to chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) in elderly patients with urinary tract tumors who underwent laparoscopic procedures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 182 elderly patients with urinary tract tumors who were ≥65 years and underwent laparoscopic surgery from October 2021 to March 2022 in Peking University Third Hospital. The patients'demographic information, medical history and the severity of postoperative pain were collected. Telephone follow-ups were made 6 months after surgery, and the patients' CPSP conditions were recorded. The diagnostic criteria of CPSP were referred to the definition made by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP): (1) Pain that developed or increased in intensity after surgical procedure and persisted for at least 3 months after surgery; (2) Pain that localized to the surgical field or projected to the innervation territory of a nerve situated around the surgical area; (3) Pain due to pre-existing pain conditions or infections and malignancy was excluded. The patients were divided into two groups based on CPSP diagnosis. Risk factors that predisposed the patients to CPSP were identified using univariate analysis. A multivariate Logistic regression model using back-forward method was designed, including both variables that significantly associated with CPSP in the univariate analysis (P < 0.1), and the variables that were considered to have significant clinical impact on the outcome.@*RESULTS@#Two hundred and sixteen patients with urinary tract tumors who had undergone laparoscopic surgery were included, of whom, 34 (15.7%) were excluded from the study. For the remaining 182 patients, the average age was (72.6±5.2) years, with 146 males and 36 females. The incidence of CPSP at the end of 6 months was 31.9% (58/182). Multiva-riate regression analysis revealed that age ≥75 years (OR=0.29, 95% CI: 0.12-0.73, P=0.008) was the protecting factors for postoperative chronic pain in the elderly patients with urinary tract tumors undergoing surgical treatment, while renal cancer (compared with other types of urinary tract tumors) (OR=3.68, 95% CI: 1.58-8.58, P=0.003), and the 24 h postoperative moderate to severe pain (OR=2.57, 95% CI: 1.14-5.83, P=0.024) were the independent risk factors affecting CPSP.@*CONCLUSION@#Age < 75 years, renal cancer and the 24 h postoperative moderate to severe pain are influence factors of the occurrence of CPSP after laparoscopic surgery in elderly patients with urinary tract tumors. Optimum postoperative multimodal analgesia strategies are suggested to prevent the occurrence of CPSP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Chronic Pain/diagnosis , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Kidney Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/complications , Risk Factors
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1625-1631, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928102

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to observe the intervention effect of Jianpi Huogu Formula(JPHGF) on the functional damage of vascular endothelial cells caused by glucocorticoid, and explore its action mechanism from the PI3 K/Akt and mitogen activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathways. The extracted thoracic aorta ring of normal SD rats were intervened first with vascularendothelial growth factor(VEGF, 20 μg·L-1) and/or sodium succinate(MPS, 0. 04 g·L-1) in vitro and then with JPHGF(8, 16, and 32 μg·L-1) for five mcontinuous ethylpdays, rednisolofollowed nebythe statistics of the number, length, and area of microvessels budding fromvascular rings. In addition, the human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) induced by VEGF(20 μg·L-1) were added with MPS(0. 04 g·L-1) and then with JPHGF(8, 16, and 32 μg·L-1) for observing the migration, invasion, and luminal formation abilities of HUVECs in the migration, invasion and luminal formation experiments. The protein expression levels of PI3 K, p-Akt, p-JN K, and p-ERK in HUVECs were assayed by Western blot. The results showed that JPHGF dose-dependently improved the num-ber,length, and area of microvessels in MPS-induced rat thoracic aortic ring, reversed the migration, invasion and lumen formation abiliti es of HUVECs reduced by MPS, and up-regulated the protein expression levels of PI3 K, p-Akt, and p-JNK in HUVECs. All thesehave suggested that JPHGF exerts the protective effect against hormone-induced damage to the angiogenesis of vascular endothelial cells by activating the PI3 K/Akt and MAPK signaling pathways, which has provided reference for exploring the mechanism of JPHGF in treating s teroid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head(SANFH) and also the experimental evidence for enriching the scientific connotationof spleen-invigorating and blood-activating therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Glucocorticoids/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 186-195, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism and compatibility characteristics of Baimai ointment (BMO) in the treatment of white vein disease from the network perspective based on system theory, so as to provide biological basis for its clinical application. Method:The chemical components and the corresponding candidate target spectra of BMO were obtained from The Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM) and Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP). According to the clinicopathological characteristics of white vein disease, focusing on four diseases/symptoms including neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, chronic pain and lumbar disc herniation root neuralgia, the gene sets related to white vein disease were collected in Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO), DisGeNET and other databases, then the interaction network of the targets of active components in BMO-gene sets related to white vein disease was constructed. On this basis, the hub network nodes were selected and enriched for exploring the mechanism of four functional groups of BMO in the treatment of white vein disease such as Huoxue Tongluo group (Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Moschus, Tronae), Xingqi Zhitong group (Myristicae Semen, Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma, Acori Calami Rhizoma), Wenjing Sanhan Tongluo group (Zingiberis Rhizoma, Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, Caraway) and Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group (Actinolite, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma). Result:The enriched pathways of the four functional groups in BMO were mainly distributed in three modules of nervous system function, inflammation-immune system regulation and body energy metabolism, and each module was connected by common target genes especially had its own focus. Among them, the regulation of nervous system function in Huoxue Tongluo group and Xingqi Zhitong group could be summarized as Huoxue Buqi and Xingshen Kaiqiao. Xingqi Zhitong group and Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group were mainly used to promote the operation of Qi, promote blood metaplasia, enhance immunity and maintain the regulation of inflammation-immune system. Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group and Wenjing Sanhan Tongluo group mainly regulated body energy metabolism by invigorating the spleen and supplementing Qi as well as warm-heat medicine. The whole formula focused on the multi-dimensional and multi-level mechanism of BMO in the intervention of white vein disease. Each functional group emphasized its respective characteristics in nervous system function, inflammation-immune regulation, and body energy metabolism. Two types of networks analysis models complemented and verified each other. Conclusion:BMO plays a role in the treatment of white vein disease mainly by regulating the function of nervous system, maintaining the balance of inflammation-immune system and interfering with energy metabolism. The relevant research results can provide reference for the in-depth exploration of the mechanism of BMO, and help to guide the clinical rational use of this preparation.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 937-940, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887511

ABSTRACT

Focusing on the original text record in


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Human Body , Meridians
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 187-191, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985207

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the feasibility of the rbcL sequence of chloroplast DNA as a genetic marker to identify Cannabis sativa L. Methods The rbcL sequences in 62 Cannabis sativa L. samples, 10 Humulus lupulus samples and 10 Humulus scandens DNA samples were detected, and 96 rbcL sequences of the Cannabaceae family were downloaded from Genbank. Sequence alignment was performed by MEGA X software, the intraspecific and interspecific Kimura-2-Parameter (K2P) genetic distances were calculated, and the system clustering tree was constructed. Results The rbcL sequence length acquired by sequencing of Cannabis sativa L. and Humulus scandens were 617 bp and 649 bp, respectively, and two haplotypes of Cannabis sativa L. were observed in the samples. The BLAST similarity search results showed that the highest similarity between the sequences acquired by sequencing and Cannabis sativa L. rbcL sequences available from Genbank was 100%. The genetic distance analysis showed that the maximum intraspecific genetic distance (0.004 9) of Cannabis sativa L. was less than the minimum interspecific genetic distance (0.012 9). The results of median-joining network and system clustering tree analysis showed that Cannabis sativa L. and other members of the Cannabaceae family were located in different branches. Conclusion The rbcL sequence could be used as a DNA barcode for identifying Cannabis sativa L., and combined with comparative analysis of the rbcL sequence and system cluster analysis could be a reliable and effective detection method for Cannabis sativa L. identification in forensic investigation.


Subject(s)
Cannabis/genetics , Genetic Markers , Sequence Analysis, DNA
8.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 174-180, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821629

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the chloroquine-resistant molecular marker polymorphisms in Plasmodium falciparum imported into China, investigate the mutation types of P. falciparum chloroquine resistant transporter (Pfcrt) gene at positions 72 to 76, and analyze the specificity of the P. falciparum specimens with different origins. Methods A total of 674 filter paper blood samples were collected from the National Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory of China in 2012 and 2018. The amino acid po- sitions 72 to 76 of the Pfcrt gene on chromosome 7 were amplified using nested PCR assay and sequenced, and the sequencing results of the target gene fragment and the geographical region-specific prevalence of the mutations in the Pfcrt gene were analyzed. Results Among the 674 imported P. falciparum malaria cases in China in 2012 and 2018, 99.5% (644/674) were from Africa, which were predominantly from western and central Africa (80.4%, 518/644), and 4.5% (30/674) from Southeast Asia and Oceania (Papua New Guinea). A total of 4 site mutations (C72S, M74I, N75E and K76T) and 5 haplotypes (CVMNK, CVIET and SVMNT and two mixed types) were identified, with haplotypes CVMNK and CVIET present in parasites of both African and Southeast Asian origins, SVMNT detected in Southeast Asia (Myanmar) and Papua New Guinea isolates, the mixed type of haplo- types CVMNK/CVIET detected in P. falciparum of African and Southeast Asian origins, and the mixed type of haplotypes CVMNK/SVMNT detected only in the Myanmar isolate. Most P. falciparum parasites of the African origin carried the wild-type Pfcrt allele (77.7%, 478/615), and 68.0% (17/25) of the P. falciparum parasites of the Southeast Asian and Papua New Guinea or- igins harbored chloroquine resistant molecular markers (χ2 = 28.5, P < 0.05). The constituent ratio of the wild- and mutant-type Pfcrt allele varied in different geographical regions of Africa (P < 0.01), and the lowest prevalence of the wild-type Pfcrt allele was seen in western Africa. Conclusion Among the 674 imported malaria cases in China in 2012 and 2018, the P. falciparum imported from Sotheast Asia habors a higher proportion of resistance to chloroquine and a higher molecular polymophism at ami- no acid positions 72 to 76 of the Pfcrt gene than the parasite of the African origin.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5789-5796, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878842

ABSTRACT

Guizhi Fuling Formula was first seen in Synopsis of Golden Chamber by ZHANG Zhongjing. It is composed of Cinnamomi Ramulus, Poria, Moutan Cortex, Persicae Semen, Peony and other drugs, commonly used in the treatment of gynecological diseases such as hysteromyoma, ovarian cyst, endometriosis, pelvic inflammation, dysmenorrhea, etc. In addition, it is also used in internal medicine and urology. This reflects the modern doctors' recognition of the famous prescriptions in ancient books. However, whether Guizhi Fuling Formula is really suitable for these diseases still needs further study for verification. The author systematically searched CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library database: 2 304 papers on clinical research of Guizhi Fuling, covering 13 systems and 128 diseases. Combined with the questionnaire of experts, we investigated the knowledge of experts of traditional Chinese medicine, Western medicine and combination of Chinese and Western medicine on the applicable indications of Guizhi Fuling Formula in this paper, systematically elaborated the clinical applications of Guizhi Fuling Formula, and summarized the applicable indications of Guizhi Fuling Formula, in order to provide a reference for the clinical rational application of Guizhi Fuling Formula, and provide a reference also for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Wolfiporia
10.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 94-99, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694539

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and explore the related risk factors for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) among patients with type 2 diabetes so as to provide the evidence and reference to the early intervention in community. Methods A total of 662 patients with type 2 diabetes were selected in the community from June 2014 to June 2015 in Shenzhen province. All patients were divided into two groups according to the values of ankle-brachial index. The prevalence of PAD was calculated. Univariate and logistic regression analysis was applied to explore risk factors associated with the prevalence of PAD. Results 25.83% (171/662) of the diabetic patients suffered from peripheral arterial disease. Univariate analysis results found that age, education level, family history, course of disease, smoking status, physical exercise, dietary habits, body mass index, with hypertension, with hyperlipidemia, tuberculosis were all significantly associated with the prevalence of PAD (P<0.05) . Logistic regression analysis finally showed that older age, with hypertension, with dyslipidemia, long course of disease,body mass index,with family history, smoking were found to be the valuable risk factors related to PAD (P<0.05), whereas high education level and regular physical exercise were protective factors against PAD (P<0.05) . Conclusions Among diabetic patients in community, the prevalence of PAD was higher and there were many risk factors. We suggest that the early screening of PAD and targeted intervention should be given full attention and strengthened. Based on controlling of blood glucose, diabetic patients should not only strictly control blood pressure,but also pay attention to blood lipid regulation, control BMI and ensure smoking cessation, especially for those with advanced age, long course of disease and family history, so that we can effectively reduce the prevalence of PAD.

11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 541-544, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792746

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the risk index of early-warning on the human infections with avian influenza A (H7N9) virus. Methods The risk index (X) was calculated by using Principal Component Analysis based on the surveillance results (including the positive rates of environmental specimens and premises) during the period from April 2013 to March 2017 in Zhejiang Province. Then, the method of Classification and Regression Trees was used to establish the early-warning model for forewarning the epidemic situation of H7N9 human infections. Results The weights of two rates (the positive rates of specimens and premises) used to establish the risk index were 0.0545 and 0.0230 respectively. In the model of Classification and Regression Trees, risk index was divided into 4 grades: X ≤0.140, 0.140<X ≤0.757, 0.757<X ≤3.285 and X>3.285. Compared to the 1st grade, the risk ratios of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th grades were 7.4, 21.7 and 29.9 respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of prediction were 86.1% , 80.8% and 87.3% respectively, and the Kappa value was 0.592 . Conclusion The established risk index can be used to forewarn the H7N9 human infections, which is helpful for emergency preparedness and disease control.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1443-1449, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664207

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate the effects of virtual reality on balance and activities of daily living in patients with Parkinson's dis-ease.Methods Randomized controlled trials(RCTs)about virtual reality for balance and activities of daily living in patients with Parkin-son's disease were electronically searched in PubMed,Web of Science,EBSCO,Cochrane Library,Science Direct,Wanfang Data,VIP Data-base and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from the date of establishment to July, 2017. Data were analyzed with Rev-Man5.3 software.Results A total of nine RCTs were included.Virtual reality significantly improved the ability of dynamic balance(WMD=1.6,95%CI[0.75,2.46],P=0.0002)and activities of daily living(SMD=0.41,95%CI[0.01,0.80],P=0.04).However,the results of sensitivi-ty organization test(SMD=-0.18,95%CI[-0.65,0.28],P=0.44)and walking ability(WMD=-1.18,95%CI[-2.38,0.02],P=0.05)were not statistically significant.Conclusion Virtual reality can improve the balance function and activities of daily living of patients with Parkin-son's disease,however,the effects on sensitivity organization and walking ability still need further study.

13.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 887-890,895, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792541

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate epidemiological capacity of infectious disease in institutions of disease control and prevention,and to improve the ability of infectious disease control and prevention. Methods Questionnaires of epidemiological capacity of infectious disease evaluation in institutions of disease control and prevention which contained surveillance analysis,emergency response,plan system and so on were used to evaluate epidemiological capacity of infectious disease in all of city,district or county level of center for disease control and prevention in Ningbo,Shaoxing, Quzhou.The degree of attainment for the ability or (and)resources was divided into vary bad,bad,average,and good. Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to perform analysis and evaluation.Results The capability for monitoring notifiable infectious diseases reaching to good was 1 9 (76.00%),greater than that in non -statutory communicable diseases 2 (8.00%). Twenty four (96.00%) institutions reported that the most important factor limiting the epidemiological capacity of infectious disease was lack of human resources,and 20 (80.00%)of institutions supported infectious disease epidemiology staff to publish articles in academic journals,but scientific research ability reaching to good was 3(1 2.00%).Training subordinate institution capacity reaching to good was 1 0(40.00%),with 2 (8.00%)reporting very bad.Most abilities were not significant across different regions,only significant in non -statutory communicable diseases surveillance (χ2 =7.04,P =0.03).Conclusion Institutions of disease control and prevention had a certain epidemiological capacity of infectious disease,and almost balance in different regions.For further enhancing the ability,it is necessary to increase the number of personnel,and to improve the ability of education and training.

14.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 892-897, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286878

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the factors that affect the safety and efficacy of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for treatment of achalasia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of consecutive patients undergoing POEM for confirmed achalasia between December, 2010 and December, 2015 were collected, including the procedure time, approach of tunnel entry incision, approach of myotomy, complications and follow-up data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the total of 439 patients enrolled, the overall complication rate was 28.7% (126/439). Treatment success (Eckardt score≤3) was achieved in 94.5% of 364 patients followed up for a median of 6 months (1-48 months), and the mean score was reduced significantly from 6.7∓1.5 before treatment to 1.2∓1.1 after the treatment (P<0.05). Logistic regression revealed that the year when POEM was performed and the approach of entry incision were two significant factors contributing to complications: with the year 2015 as the reference, the odds ratio (OR) was 9.454 (95% CI: 2.499-35.76) for the years before 2011, 2.177 (95% CI: 0.794-5.974) for 2012, 3.975 (95% CI: 1.904-8.298) for 2013, and 1.079 (95% CI: 0.601-1.940) for 2014; with the longitudinal entry incision as the reference, the OR was 0.369 (95% CI: 0.165-0.824) for inverted T entry incision and 0.456 (95% CI: 0.242-0.859) for transverse entry incision. The approach of myotomy was the significantly associated with symptomatic relapse: with full-thickness myotomy combined with indwelling an anti-reflux belt as the reference, the OR was 0.363 (95% CI: 0.059-2.250) for gradual full-thickness myotomy, 2.137 (95% CI: 0.440-10.378) for circular muscle myotomy, and 4.385 (95% CI: 0.820-23.438) for circular muscle myotomy in combination with balloon shaping; the recurrence rate was 0 with a full-thickness myotomy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The complication rates of POEM appears to decrease over time, and an inverted T entry incision is the best choice for controlling the complications. Gradual full-thickness myotomy is an excellent approach for treatment of achalasia in terms of the relapse rate, procedure time and the incidence of reflux esophagitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopy , Esophageal Achalasia , General Surgery , Esophagitis, Peptic , General Surgery , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Muscles , General Surgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 748-754, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230084

ABSTRACT

It is necessary to investigate the influence of the rationality of clinical drug use on the benefit and risk factors of traditional Chinese medicine injections. The retrospective survey was based on the medical records and information of 4 950 patients who used Danhong injection in the HIS database of the first affiliated hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from 2013 to 2014. The basic statistical methods and associated rules analysis were utilized to analyze the HIS information of these patients, including the basic information, the diagnosis, the department, the dosage, the usage of medication, the drug combination and the adverse reactions. And the rationality analysis of the clinical application of Danhong injection was carried out to investigate relevant factors of the adverse reactions. The results showed that most cases came from the department of cardiology (51.95%) and encephalopathy center (20.67%). In the statistical period, the patients aged above 40 years old accounted for 96.65%. And the two western medicine diagnosis items with the highest confidence level were coronary heart disease and angina pectoris (97.15%), while the three items were coronary heart disease, angina pectoris and hypertension (97.02%). The irrational indications were mainly hypertension (12.93%) and diabetes (4.55%). All of them were diagnosed as blood stasis syndrome by the traditional Chinese medicine. About 98.93% of the single dosage was within the range stipulated on package insert, the duration mainly ranged between 1 and 21 days, and 97.64% of the menstrua contained 0.9% NS and 5% GS. According to the medication records,99.26% were the use of combined drugs, with 8.41 drugs on average. Antiplatelet drugs (72.04%) were the most frequently combined with western medicine, followed by the cholesterol-regulating drugs (64.86%) and the cerebrovascular drugs (60.26%). When used in the combination with antibiotics for the infection, cephalosporin antibiotics were the most frequently applied (8.81%). When used with traditional Chinese medicines, traditional Chinese medicines for activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis or monomer traditional Chinese medicine injections (28.93%) were the dominance, in which Gastrodin injection was the most frequently applied (16.23%). And 12 cases of adverse reactions were reported, with the ADR rate of 0.24%. The indications, solvent compatibility and irrational drug combination may be the potential risk factors for ADRs induced by Danhong injection. Further experiments are required to evaluate the benefits and risks in these three aspects.

16.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 134-136,146, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792374

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the drug resistance and disinfection -resistant gene in Staphylococcus aureus isolates. Methods The sensitivity to 17 antibacterial agents was detected in 36 strains of Staphylococcus aureus by E -test.The disinfection -resistant genes qac (A /B ) were detected by PCR.Results The resistance rates of clindamycin, ciprofloxacin,erythromycin,levofloxacin,oxacillin and penicillin G were 94.44%,75.00%,94.44%,72.22%, 97.22% and 100.00%,respectively.There were no significantly difference of drug resistance rates between isolates from ICU setting and non -ICU setting (P >0.05 ),and 14 (38.89%)isolates were qac (A /B)positive.Conclusion Clinically isolated staphylococcus aureus is multi -drug -resistant and the qac (A /B)positive rate is high.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1381-1387, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246092

ABSTRACT

Danggui, Agelicae Sinensis Radix, is a widely used Chinese herb to enrich blood, but its quality cannot be effectively assessed by the known chemical markers such as ferulic acid, ligustilide, polysaccharides, etc. A new bioassay was therefore developed to quantify the Enrich-Blood Bioactivity (EBB) for the quality assessment of Danggui raw materials. Danggui sample was first extracted with ethanol and water, respectively. Then the ethanolic extract and water extract were mixed as a test sample to quantify the amount of EBB by mice experiment. The blood deficiency mode in mice was developed by intraperitoneal injecting cyclophospharmide and phenylhdrazine hydrochloride. The quantity of red blood cell was chosen as EBB marker. Cyclosporine A was chosen as a control substance. EBB in analytes was quantified by the amount reaction of parallel line analysis (3, 3') method. The results indicated that the reliability test for quantifying EBB was passed through and the measured value was valid. The analytes showed the significant EBB (P < 0.05). The correlation coefficient was 0.9984 (n=5) between the amount of cyclosporine A (0.035-0.56 g x kg(-1)) and the increased number of red blood cell. The relative standard deviation (RSY) on the amount of EBB was estimated to be 6.15% (n = 6) by six replicated tests, and the confidence limit rate was 26.68% (n = 6). Five Danggui samples, which were collected from different cultivation areas with various morphological characters, showed the variety of EBB in the range of 21.95-44.16 U x g(-1). It is concluded that the developed method is accurate to quantify the EBB of Danggui raw materials, and is therefore suitable to assess its quality.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Angelica sinensis , Chemistry , Biological Assay , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocytes , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Plant Roots , Chemistry
18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 488-495, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329798

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the effects of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channel ablation and a chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) antagonist on salt-sensitive hypertension-induced renal injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Wild-type (WT) and TRPV1-null mutant (TRPV1(-/-)) mice were subjected to uninephrectomy and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt treatment for 4 weeks with or without a CCR2 antagonist, RS504393 (n=8 for all the 4 groups). Sham WT and TRPV1(-/-) mice (both n=7) underwent uninephrectomy without receiving DOCA and saline. Systolic blood pressure, urinary excretion of albumin, 8-isoprostane and creatinine clearance for 24 hours were assayed during the experimental period and at the end of the 4-week treatment. The morphological analysis was performed in renal histological sections, including glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial injury, and monocyte/macrophage infiltration.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the corresponding control mice, DOCA-salt treatment in both WT and TRPV1(-/-) mice led to increased systolic blood pressure (SBP), enhanced urinary excretion of albumin and 8-isoprostane, decreased creatinine clearance, increased glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial injury associated with enhanced monocyte/macrophage infiltration (all P<0.05), all of which were much more severe in TRPV1(-/-) mice compared to WT mice with the exception of blood pressure (all P<0.05). RS5043943 attenuated DOCA-salt-induced changes in renal function and morphology in WT and TRPV1(-/-) mice (all P<0.05). There was no difference in blood pressure among DOCA-salt WT and TRPV1(-/-) mice with or without RS505393 with the exception of sham WT and TRPV1(-/-) mice (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CCR2 antagonist inhibits DOCA-salt-induced renal injury and monocyte/macrophage infiltration in WT and TRPV1(-/-) mice with the greater in the latter strain. Activation of TRPV1 attenuates salt-sensitive hypertension-induced renal injury possibly via inhibition of CCR2-induced monocyte/macrophage infiltration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Hypertension , Pathology , Kidney Diseases , Pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Receptors, CCR2 , Physiology , Sodium Chloride , TRPV Cation Channels , Physiology
19.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 102-6, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636136

ABSTRACT

Accommodated organs can survive in the presence of anti-organ antibodies and complement. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is essential to ensure accommodation in concordant xenotransplant models. However, whether induction of HO-1 over-expression could protect porcine endothelial cells (PECs) against human xenoantibodies and complement-mediated lysis and induce an in vitro accommodation is still unknown. The SV40-immortalized porcine aorta-derived endothelial cell line (iPEC) was pre-incubated with 20, 50, or 80 μmol/L of cobalt-protoporphyrins IX (CoPPIX) for 24 h, and the HO-1 expression in iPECs was analyzed by using Western blotting. CoPPIX-treated or untreated iPECs were incubated with normal human AB sera, and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) was measured by both flow cytometry and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay. In vitro treatment with CoPPIX significantly increased the expression of HO-1 in iPECs in a dose-dependent manner. Over-expression of HO-1 was successfully achieved by incubation of iPECs with either 50 or 80 μmol/L of CoPPIX. However, HO-1 over-expression did not show any protective effects on iPECs against normal human sera-mediated cell lysis. In conclusion, induction of HO-1 over-expression alone is not enough to protect PECs from human xenoantibodies and complement-mediated humoral injury. Additionally, use of other protective strategies is needed to achieve accommodation in pig-to-primate xenotransplantation.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2838-2843, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238636

ABSTRACT

Bioactivity of Danggui is linked to the content of ligustilide, but the relationship between ligustilide with herb shape, cultivating areas and plant species is still unknown. The relationship was investigated by quantifying on the amounts of Z-ligustilide and E-ligustilide by HPLC-DAD-MS method, and then comparing the content of ligustilides (the sum of Z-ligustilide and E-ligustilide) among forty-four various "Danggui" samples containing thirty Chinese Danggui (CDG), six Japanese Danggui (JDG), four Korea Danggui (KDG) and four European Danggui (EDG). Results showed that the content of ligustilides in CDG samples (Angelica sinensis) was in the range of 5.63-24.53 mg x g(-1) with the mean of 11.02 mg x g(-1) (n = 30). Ligustilides amounts were varied among samples cultivated in different areas in China, i. e. 13.90 mg x g(-1) (n = 6) in Yannan, 12.51 mg x g(-1) (n = 6) in Sichuan and 10.04 mg x g(-1) (n = 13) in Gansu. It was also found that ligustilides content was related to the shape, color and fragrance of herb, e. g. the relative larger amount of ligustilides was in the small main root, long rootlet and perfumed sample. Further, ligustilides contents were estimated to be 1.00 mg x g(-1) (n = 6) in JDG samples (A. acutiloba and A. acutiloba var. sugiyamae) and 2.78 mg x g(-1) (n = 2) in EDG samples (lovage root, Levisticum officinale). However, ligustilides could not be detected in the four KDG samples (A. gigas) and two EDG samples (angelica root, A. archangelica). It has been concluded that ligustilide is significant variant among plant species, which may result in the variety of bioactivity and therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
4-Butyrolactone , Angelica sinensis , Chemistry , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Geography , Quality Control
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