Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 263-274, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878255

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise and resistance exercise on lipid metabolism of skeletal muscle in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced insulin-resistant (IR) rats and the underlying mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats at age of 10 weeks were fed with HFD for 10 weeks to establish IR model. The IR rats were then randomly assigned into 3 groups, including IR control (IR) group, aerobic exercise (AE) group and resistance exercise (RE) group. An additional chow diet sedentary control (CON) group was used as well. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin (FIN), glucagon and lipids, as well as triacylglycerol (TG), free fatty acids (FFA), and the protein expression of fatty acid translocase/cluster of differentiation 36 (FAT/CD36), carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1), stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1) and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors γ (PPARγ) in skeletal muscles were measured after 8-week exercise interventions. The results showed that the contents of FBG, FIN, and LDL-C were increased by IR compared with CON group, and significantly decreased by aerobic exercise and resistance exercise; while aerobic exercise induced an increase in HDL-C as well. Furthermore, IR exhibited no significant effects on TG content of skeletal muscles, but significantly increased FFA level. Both aerobic and resistance exercise led to a decrease in TG content, and FFA level was increased by aerobic exercise but deceased by resistance exercise. In addition, the protein expression of FAT/CD36, SCD-1 and PPARγ was increased and that of CPT-1 was decreased by IR, while both types of exercise resulted in a decrease in the protein expression of FAT/CD36, SCD-1 and PPARγ, and an increase in CPT-1. In conclusion, aerobic and resistance exercise may attenuate IR through decreasing HFD-induced ectopic fat deposition and increasing β-oxidation of fatty acids in skeletal muscle cells, and resistance exercise shows a greater improvement in lipid metabolism of skeletal muscles than aerobic exercise.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet, High-Fat , Insulin/metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Lipids , Male , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 42-50, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878234

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate the role of short-chain fatty acid butyrate acid on intestinal morphology and function, and atherosclerotic plaque formation in apolipoprotein E-knockout (ApoE


Subject(s)
Animals , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Atherosclerosis/prevention & control , Butyrates/pharmacology , Caco-2 Cells , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Plaque, Atherosclerotic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691246

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study effect of electrical stimulations of different intensities on mitochondrial oxidative stress in C2C12 myotubes and explore the molecular mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After 7 days of differentiation, C2C12 myotubes were subjected to electrical stimulations (15 V, 3Hz, 30 ms) for 60, 120, or 180 min, and the morphological changes of muscular tubes were observed under inverted microscope. The levels of MDA and SOD activity of the cells were detected, and flow cytometry was used to detect mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) and membrane potential. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of PGC1, AMPK-Ser485, AMPK-Thr172, and AMPK in the cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant changes occurred in the morphology of C2C12 myotubes in response to electrical stimulations. Electrical stimulation for 60 min resulted in significantly increased levels of MDA, AMPK-Ser485 and AMPK-Thr172 in the cells (P<0.05); simulations of the cells for 120 and 180 min caused significantly increased MDA, ROS, mitochondrial ROS, AMPK-Ser485 and PGC1 along with marked reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Electrical stimulation significantly activates oxidative stress, and a longer stimulation time causes stronger mitochondrial oxidation. AMPK-Thr172 regulates oxidative stress induced by stimulations for a moderate time length, while AMPK-Ser485 and PGC1 function to modulate oxidative stress following prolonged stimulations.</p>

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695069

ABSTRACT

Purpose To observe the expressions of LC3, NY-ES0-2, MAGE-D4, CD4+, CD8+, CD68+ in colorectal cancer and normal tissues and analysis the correlation of autophagy related gene LC3 and tumor surface antigen NY-ES0-2, MAGE-D4, immune cells CD4+, CD8+, CD68 +. To investigate the effect of the change of autophagy on immune cells function and its clinical significance. Methods Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect the expressions of LC3, NY-ESO-2, MAGE-D4, CD4, CD8, CD68 in 128 cases of colorectal cancer and normal tissues. The correlation among each factors and the patients' clinicopathological features were analyzed. Results (1 ) The expression of LC3 in colorectal cancer tissue was higher than in normal tissues. The expression of NY-ESO-2 was low while the expression of MAGE-D4 was high in colorectal cancer and both almost not express in normal tissues(P<0.05). The infiltration of CD4+, CD8 +, CD68+ immune cells in colorectal cancer were higher than in normal tissues(P<0.05). (2)The expression of LC3 protein in colorectal cancer was correlated positively with the expressions of tumor surface antigen NY-ESO-2, MAGE-D4 protein and the infiltration of CD8 +, CD68 + immune cells (P< 0.05 ), but had no correlation with the infiltration of CD4 + immune cells (P>0.05). (3 ) The expression of NY-ESO-2 was correlated positively with the infiltration of CD4+, CD8 +, CD68 + immune cells. The expression of MAGE-D4 was correlated positively with the infiltration of CD8 +, CD68+ immune cells. (4) The expressions of NY-ESO-2, MAGE-D4, the infiltration of CD4+, CD8 + immune cells and lymph node metastasis were negatively correlated (P<0.05). The expressions of NY-ESO-2, MAGE-D4, the infiltration of CD4+, CD8+ immune cells and TNM stage were negatively correlated (P< 0.05). The infiltration of CD8 + immune cells and grade was positively correlated (P<0.05). Conclusion The expression of autophagy-related gene LC3 was related to the expressions of tumor surface antigen NY-ESO-2, MAGE-D4 and the infiltration of immune cells CD8 + and CD68+ in colorectal cancer. Therefore the autophagy key factor LC3 may participate in the immune of colorectal cancer.

5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 433-444, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687809

ABSTRACT

Consumption of high-fat diet leads to the increase of fat intake and consequent excess storage of fat in the body. When the regular adipose tissues reach their capacity to store fat, ectopic fat is stored around and within non-adipose tissues, such as the liver and skeletal muscle, which plays important roles in glucose metabolism. Hence ectopic fat accumulation in major insulin target tissues is a critical determinant of insulin resistance (IR) and various related metabolic syndromes. Recent studies have shown that skeletal muscle lipid accumulation is more closely related with IR than general obesity and accounts for approximately 80%-90% type 2 diabetes, since the skeletal muscle is the largest glucose disposal site. Therefore, the association between skeletal muscle lipid and IR has attracted more and more research interest. This review summarized the role of ectopic skeletal muscle lipid in IR induced by high-fat diet and its possible mechanisms.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327217

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the resistance and virulence profiles of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and its treatment by Chinese medicine (CM) Fuzheng Qingre Lishi Formula (, FQLF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>UPEC strains were isolated from recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) patients. Patient sensitivities to 17 antibiotics were tested by the disk diffusion method. Virulence genes were screened by plolymerase chain reaction. A mouse model was constructed using a multi-drug resistant and virulent UPEC strain and treated with FQLF or the antibiotic imipenem. The treatment efficacy was evaluated by bacterial clearance from urine and the urinary organs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 90 UPEC strains were collected, and 94.4% of the isolates were resistant to at least 1 antibiotic. Approximately 66.7% of the UPEC strains were multi-drug resistant. More than one virulence gene was found in 85.6% of the isolates. The extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-positive strains were more resistant than the negative ones. The virulence gene number was positively correlated with the resistance number (P<0.05). A mouse model was successfully constructed using UPEC10. Treatment with either FQLF or antibiotics significantly cleared bacteria from the mouse urine after 14 days. In the untreated control, the bacteria lasted for 28 days. FQLF treatment of the UTI mouse model greatly reduced the bacterial number in the kidney and bladder, but could not completely clear the bacteria.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Multi-drug resistance is common among UPEC isolates, and the resistance is positively related with virulence. FQLF could treat UPEC UTIs, but could not completely clear the bacteria from the host.</p>

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813439

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the therapeutic status and rate of reaching target blood pressure in elderly isolated systolic hypertension (EISH) patients who were hospitalized and to discuss the rationality of the drug therapy.@*METHODS@#Three hundred and fifty-seven EISH inpatients were investigated retrospectively. The frequencies of using antihypertensive drugs and the strategy of drug therapy programs were calculated. The drug efficacies were assessed among various drug therapy groups.@*RESULTS@#The frequencies of using antihypertensive medicine categories were calcium channel blocker (CCB) 64. 15%, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) 32.77%, diuretics 26.33%, beta-blocker (BB) 25.77%, angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) 23.81%, and alpha-blocker 4.20%, respectively. Among the 357 cases 42.86% were treated with monotherapy while 57.14% with combined therapy. Among the combination therapy groups, the diuretic-based multiple therapy occupied 16.53%, and the non-diuretic-based multiple therapy held 40.62%. The systolic blood pressure control rate was 67.79%. The rate of diastolic blood pressure < or = 70 mmHg was 26.89%, 8 cases of them occurred myocardial ischemia.@*CONCLUSION@#How to select the optimal antihypertensive drug therapy for EISH patients is important in achieving the blood pressure goal. While thinking over intervention at lower blood pressure levels to achieve target goals, physicians should prevent from excessively lowering the diastolic blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Aged , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Antihypertensive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Calcium Channel Blockers , Therapeutic Uses , Diuretics , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Male , Retrospective Studies , Systole
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL