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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928058

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the effect of Zingiberis Rhizoma extract on rats with antibiotic-associated diarrhea(AAD), and reveal the modulation of gut microbiota during alleviation of AAD. AAD rat model was successfully established by exposing rats to appropriate antibiotic mixed solution. Peficon(70 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) was used as positive control, then rats were treated with 200 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) and 400 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) of Zingiberis Rhizoma extract for low and high dosage groups of Zingiberis Rhizoma extract, respectively. The weight changes of the rats were observed, and the degree of diarrhea were evaluated by fecal score, 120 min fecal weight and fecal water content. Colon tissues for histopathological examination were stained with hematoxylin and eosin(HE), and 16 S rRNA sequencing analysis of gut microbiota was performed. The results showed that compared with the model group, the degree of diarrhea, indicated by fecal water content, fecal score, and 120 min fecal weight of positive control group, Zingiberis Rhizoma low-dose group and Zingiberis Rhizoma high-dose group were significantly ameliorated. And the treatment of Zingiberis Rhizoma could significantly improve the pathological condition of colon tissue in AAD rats, especially the high dose of Zingiberis Rhizoma. In addition, 16 S rRNA sequencing analysis of gut microbiota showed that the diversity and abundance of gut microbiota were significantly improved and the reco-very of gut microbiota was accelerated after given high-dose of Zingiberis Rhizoma, while no significant changes of alterations were observed after given Pefikon. Of note, compared with the pefikon group, the abundance and diversity of gut microbiota in Zingi-beris Rhizoma high-dose group were significantly elevated. At the phylum level, the abundance of Firmicutes in AAD rats increased and the abundance of Proteobacteria was decreased after the Zingiberis Rhizoma intervention. At the genus level, the abundance of Bacillus spp., Lachnoclostridium and Escherichia coli-Shigella were decreased, and the abundance of Lactobacillus spp., Trichophyton spp., and Trichophyton spp., etc., were increased. While compared with the AAD model group, there was no significant difference of gut microbiota after given Peficon. The results showed that Zingiberis Rhizoma exerted beneficial health effects against AAD, and positively affected the microbial environment in the gut of rats with AAD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Ginger , Plant Extracts , Rats , Rhizome
2.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1093-1096, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710275

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish an HPLC method for the simultaneous content determination of chlorogenic acid,loganin,paeoniflorin,baicalin,salvianolic acid B and paeonol in Tuiyin Mixture (Moutan Cortex,Paeoniae Radix Rubra,Lonicerae japonicae Caulis,etc.).METHODS The analysis of methanol extract of this drug was performed on a 30 ℃ thermostatic ZORBAX SB-Aq column (4.6 mm ×250 mm,5 μm),with the mobile phase comprising of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid flowing at 1.0 mL/min in a gradient elution manner,and the detection wavelength was set at 235 nm.RESULTS Six constituents showed good linear relationships within their own ranges (r≥0.999 7),whose average recoveries were 97.1%-100.6% with the RSDs of 1.35%-2.28%.CONCLUSION This simple,accurate and reproducible method can be used for the quality control of Tuiyin Mixture.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710126

ABSTRACT

AIM To prepare the matrine nanoparticles and their wheat germ agglutinin-modified product.METHODS Double emulsification-solvent evaporation method was employed to prepare matrine nanoparticles.In consideration of influencing factors of ratio of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) to matrine,rotational speed and polyvinyl alcohol concentration,as well as the evaluation indices of particle size,potential,encapsulation efficiency and drug load,the preparation was optimized by central composite design.Wheat germ agglutinin-modified matrine nanoparticles were prepared by carbodiimide method.In addition to the influencing factors of ratio of carbodiimide to N-hydroxysuccinimide,wheat germ agglutinin addition and incubation time,evaluation indices of particle size,potential and modification rate were also taken into account in the preparation optimization by uniform design.RESULTS The optimal conditions for matrine nanoparticles were determined to be 0.594 ∶ 1 for ratio of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) to matrine,815 r/min for rotational speed,and 0.46% for polyvinyl alcohol concentration.The average particle size,potential,encapsulation efficiency and drug loading were 112.04 nm,-15.38 mV,90.05% and 27.14%,respectively.The optimal conditions for their wheat germ agglutinin-modified product were found to be 2.8 ∶ 0.12 for ratio of carbodiimide to N-hydroxysuccinimide,3 mg for wheat germ agglutinin consumption,and 14 h for incubation time.The average particle size,potential and modification rate were 474.7 nm,-5.2 mV and 69.51%,respectively.CONCLUSION The preparation techniques are reliable,and the matrine nanoparticles and their wheat germ agglutinin-modified product show their stable properties.

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