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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921688

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Yangxin Dingji Capsules in the treatment of arrhythmia. PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM and Wanfang databases were electronically retrieved to collect randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the efficacy of Yangxin Dingji Capsules in the treatment of arrhythmia from the time of database establishment to October 20 th, 2020. Two reviewers independently screened out the literatures, input the data, and evaluated the literature quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. A total of 127 studies were retrieved, and 15 articles were included after screening, involving 1 371 cases, with 685 cases in the treatment group and 686 cases in the control group. Yangxin Dingji Capsules combined with anti-arrhythmia western medicine was adopted for intervention in the treatment group, while the patients in the control group were treated with the anti-arrhythmia western medicine alone. Meta-analysis results showed that in arrhythmia patients, the combination of Yangxin Dingji Capsules and conventional western medicine significantly increased the clinical efficacy(RR=1.23, 95%CI[1.17, 1.30], P<0.000 01)and left ventricular ejection fraction(MD=4.31, 95%CI[3.10, 5.52], P<0.000 01), reduced heart rate(MD=-3.79, 95%CI[-7.42,-0.15], P=0.04), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(MD=-7.06, 95%CI[-11.91,-2.21],P=0.004), left ventricular end-systolic diameter(MD=-4.78, 95%CI[-6.63,-2.93],P<0.000 01), N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide precursor(MD=-200.51, 95%CI[-254.52,-146.51], P<0.000 01)and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(MD=-1.74, 95%CI[-3.23,-0.24], P=0.02), all with statistically significant differences. Compared with the control group, Yangxin Dingji Capsules had fewer adverse reactions(RR=0.53, 95%CI[0.36, 0.79], P=0.002). The existing evidences showed that Yangxin Dingji Capsules had certain effect in the treatment of arrhythmia, with a safety. However, due to the limitation in sample size, outcome measures and quality of the included studies, more high-quality studies are required to verify the above conclusion.


Subject(s)
Bradycardia , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887486

ABSTRACT

The survey is conducted prior to the development of international standard,


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Moxibustion , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of five-element acupuncture on the cognitive function repair of migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder.@*METHODS@#The migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder (19 cases, 5 cases dropped off) were taken as the observation group, and received five-element acupuncture twice a week for 8 weeks. Healthy subjects (19 cases) were selected by demographic data matching as the control group. The cognitive function was evaluated with the event related potential (ERP) technique, and the latency and amplitude of visual evoked potential P300 were adopted as the observation indexes. The headache days (every 4 weeks), headache intensity [visual analogue scale(VAS) score], and headache impact test-6 (HIT-6) score, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score were used as the observation indexes for curative effect.@*RESULTS@#Before the treatment, latency of target stimulus at Fz [ (417.5±34.3) ms] in the observation group was extended compared with the healthy subjects of the control group [(388.6±42.1) ms, @*CONCLUSION@#There are some cognitive impairments in migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder. Five-element acupuncture not only relieves headache, anxiety and depression effectively, but also improves the activation level of the frontal lobe. It significantly repairs the impaired cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety Disorders , Cognition , Depression/therapy , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Humans , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877656

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the development necessity of a series of international technical specification of acupuncture-moxibustion from three aspects, the development status of global


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Internationality , Moxibustion , Reference Standards
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878860

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to construct a Bayesian(BN) fault diagnosis model of traditional Chinese medicine dry granulation based on the failure model and effect analysis(FMEA), effectively control risk factors and ensure the quality of granules.Firstly, the risk ana-lysis of dry granulation process was carried out with FMEA, and the selected medium and high risk factors were taken as node variables to establish corresponding BN network with causality.According to the mathematical reasoning method of probability theory, the model was accurately inferred and verified by Netica, and the granule nonconformance was used as the evidence for reversed reasoning to determine the most likely cause of the failure that affected the granule quality.The BN fault diagnosis model of traditional Chinese medicine dry gra-nulation was established based on the medium and high risk factors of process, prescription and equipment screened out by FMEA, such as roller pressure, raw material viscosity, clearance between rollers in the paper.The fault diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine dry granulation process was then carried out according to the model, and the posterior probability of each node under the premise of nonconforming granule quality was obtained.This method could provide strong support for operators to quickly eliminate faults and make decisions, so as to improve the efficiency and accuracy for fault diagnosis and prediction, with innovation in its application.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Probability
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793278

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the association of the behaviors of playing mahjong and watching mobile phone with depression in rural women in Hubei Province, so as to provide suggestions for improving their physical and mental health. Methods A stratified cluster sampling method was used to investigate 1367 adult women in 8 administrative villages of 7 counties/cities in Hubei Province. The depression status was measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale-10 (CESD-10) and the percentage conversion was carried out. The higher the score was, the lower the degree of depression was, and the better the mental health status was. Results The CESD-10 scores of 15-44 years old women(77.63±13.95)were higher than those of 45-64 years old (73.17+17.01) and over 65 years old (69.25+18.16) (P0.05). Conclusions There is a correlation between watching mobile phone and depression of rural women in Hubei Province, reducing the use of mobile phones by rural women, especially middle-aged women, is worthy of attention in the future work of health education and Women’s Federation.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1245-1249, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877593

ABSTRACT

Through analyzing the differences in the clinical questions of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Moxibustion , Reference Standards
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828084

ABSTRACT

Periplocae Cortex is a traditional Chinese medicine in China, which is mainly produced in northeast China, north China, northwest China, southwest China. In recent years, the increasing in-depth research resulted in the discovery of anti-tumor and cardiac pharmacological activities of Periplocae Cortex, which has broad application prospects. On the basis of summarizing chemical components and pharmacological effects, combined with the theoretical system of Q-marker, the quality control components of Periplocae Cortex were predicted from the aspects of the correlation between chemical composition and traditional medicinal properties, traditional efficacy, and new clinical use, plasma composition, measurable composition, storage time by analyzing literature. Among the components, periplocoside, periplocin, periplogenin, 4-methoxy salicylaldehyde showed significant activity, which provides a scientific basis for quality evaluation of Periplocae Cortex.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2079-2088, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774652

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acitretin and matrine have been used in the treatment of psoriasis in China. This study was designed to investigate the role and related mechanisms of matrine alone and in combination with acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis in vitro and in vivo.@*METHODS@#HaCaT cells were treated with matrine at different concentrations of 0 (blank control), 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.6 mg/mL for 24, 48, 72 h, respectively. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium cell viability assay was used to assess the growth and proliferation of HaCaT cells. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Expression of protein was detected by Western blotting. Autophagy was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Then HaCaT cells were assigned to normal saline (NS) control group, matrine (0.4 mg/mL) group, acitretin (10 μmol/L) group, and matrine plus acitretin group, and the above methods were repeated. In animal experiments, the cumulative score (erythema, scaling, thickening) as a measure of the severity of inflammation was used to measure the skin performance of mice after treated with matrine 50 mg/kg, acitretin 4.5 mg/kg or combination of the two drugs on the psoriasis-like mouse models, respectively. Pathological findings of the lesions were observed, and the protein expressions in the lesions were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Cell proliferation inhibition was seen in HaCaT cells with treatment of matrine in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P < 0.01, respectively). Cell cycle G0/G1 phase arrest was observed in a dose-dependent way (P < 0.01). The expression of p21 (P < 0.05), LC3II/I (P < 0.01), and Beclin 1 (P < 0.01) increased and the expression of cyclin D1 (P < 0.05) decreased with increasing doses of matrine. Compared with the blank control, more autophagosomes were seen in HaCaT cells treated with matrine at 0.4 mg/mL by transmission electron microscopy (2.667 ± 1.202 vs. 21.33 ± 1.453, t = 9.899, P < 0.01). Cell proliferation inhibition and degree of the G0/G1 phase arrest was significantly higher in matrine plus acitretin group than those in matrine, acitretin, or the NS control group (P < 0.01, respectively). Compared with matrine or acitretin group, the expression of p21 (P < 0.05, P < 0.05) and LC3II/I (P < 0.01, P < 0.05) in matrine plus acitretin group increased significantly and the expression of cyclin D1 (P < 0.01, P < 0.05) and p62 (P < 0.05, P < 0.05) was reduced significantly. Compared with matrine or acitretin, matrine plus acitretin significantly down-regulated the phosphorylation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway (P < 0.05) and its downstream p-p70S6K (P < 0.05). In addition, the cumulative score of mice in the matrine plus acitretin group was significantly better than that in the matrine or acitretin group (1.480 ± 0.230 vs. 2.370 ± 0.241, P < 0.01; 1.480 ± 0.230 vs. 2.888 ± 0.341, P < 0.01). The expression of LC3 protein in the matrine plus acitretin group was also higher than that in the matrine, acitretin, or the NS control group (P < 0.05, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Matrine has therapeutic potentials for psoriasis. Matrine and acitretin show synergistic effect via cell cycle arrest and autophagy induction by PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779554

ABSTRACT

Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) was a well-known French doctor and an outstanding mental health leader. Inspired by the ideas of the Enlightenment, he adopted “moral therapy” for the increasing mental patients in France. He took the lead in scientifically and effectively alleviating the current state of mental illness with the concept of humanitarian care, liberated mental patients, and opened the door for the mental health. Through field observation and meticulous statistical analysis, he classified mental illness into a more comprehensive scientific classification, guiding the direction for identifying, treating, and preventing mental illness, thus laying the theoretical and practical foundation. Many of his achievements about mental health have been used to this day, and he was known as the father of modern psychiatry.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776848

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms of Yu-Ping-Feng-San (YPFS) on attenuating allergic inflammation in the initial stage of atopic dermatitis (AD). AD mouse model was established with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) sensitization and elicitation. Epithelial barrier structure was observed with transmission electron microscope. The populations of dendritic cells (DCs) and group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) were detected by flow cytometry. Human immortalized keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells were stimulated with Poly(I:C)/TNF-α in vitro to assessthymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), interleukin (IL)-33 and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) levels or expressions by immunofluorescence, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blot. In the initial stage of AD, ear swelling and infiltration of inflammatory cells in ear tissues were markedly attenuated with YPFS treatments. The damaged structures of ear epithelium and the increased levels of Th2-cytokines induced by FITC were significantly rescued in YPFS-treated mice. The production of pro-allergic cytokines, TSLP and IL-33, as well as the cell populations of their target cells DCs and ILC2s were decreased in AD model, respectively. Likewise, the levels of TSLP and IL-33 in Poly(I:C)/TNF-α-stimulated HaCaT cells showed the same results. Lower levels of p-NF-κB were detected with YPFS treatment, and the expressions of TSLP and IL-33 could be further decreased with inhibiting of NF-κB. Therefore, YPFS attenuates allergic inflammation in the initial stage of AD probably through regulating NF-κB-TSLP/IL-33 pathway, which may provide a novel effective target for the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2079-2088, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802853

ABSTRACT

Background@#Acitretin and matrine have been used in the treatment of psoriasis in China. This study was designed to investigate the role and related mechanisms of matrine alone and in combination with acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis in vitro and in vivo.@*Methods@#HaCaT cells were treated with matrine at different concentrations of 0 (blank control), 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.6 mg/mL for 24, 48, 72 h, respectively. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium cell viability assay was used to assess the growth and proliferation of HaCaT cells. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Expression of protein was detected by Western blotting. Autophagy was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Then HaCaT cells were assigned to normal saline (NS) control group, matrine (0.4 mg/mL) group, acitretin (10 μmol/L) group, and matrine plus acitretin group, and the above methods were repeated. In animal experiments, the cumulative score (erythema, scaling, thickening) as a measure of the severity of inflammation was used to measure the skin performance of mice after treated with matrine 50 mg/kg, acitretin 4.5 mg/kg or combination of the two drugs on the psoriasis-like mouse models, respectively. Pathological findings of the lesions were observed, and the protein expressions in the lesions were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*Results@#Cell proliferation inhibition was seen in HaCaT cells with treatment of matrine in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P < 0.01, respectively). Cell cycle G0/G1 phase arrest was observed in a dose-dependent way (P < 0.01). The expression of p21 (P < 0.05), LC3II/I (P < 0.01), and Beclin 1 (P < 0.01) increased and the expression of cyclin D1 (P < 0.05) decreased with increasing doses of matrine. Compared with the blank control, more autophagosomes were seen in HaCaT cells treated with matrine at 0.4 mg/mL by transmission electron microscopy (2.667 ± 1.202 vs. 21.33 ± 1.453, t = 9.899, P < 0.01). Cell proliferation inhibition and degree of the G0/G1 phase arrest was significantly higher in matrine plus acitretin group than those in matrine, acitretin, or the NS control group (P < 0.01, respectively). Compared with matrine or acitretin group, the expression of p21 (P < 0.05, P < 0.05) and LC3II/I (P < 0.01, P < 0.05) in matrine plus acitretin group increased significantly and the expression of cyclin D1 (P < 0.01, P < 0.05) and p62 (P < 0.05, P < 0.05) was reduced significantly. Compared with matrine or acitretin, matrine plus acitretin significantly down-regulated the phosphorylation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway (P < 0.05) and its downstream p-p70S6K (P < 0.05). In addition, the cumulative score of mice in the matrine plus acitretin group was significantly better than that in the matrine or acitretin group (1.480 ± 0.230 vs. 2.370 ± 0.241, P < 0.01; 1.480 ± 0.230 vs. 2.888 ± 0.341, P < 0.01). The expression of LC3 protein in the matrine plus acitretin group was also higher than that in the matrine, acitretin, or the NS control group (P < 0.05, respectively).@*Conclusions@#Matrine has therapeutic potentials for psoriasis. Matrine and acitretin show synergistic effect via cell cycle arrest and autophagy induction by PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.

14.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 157-160, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844330

ABSTRACT

The NIH-funded "Stimulating Peripheral Activity to Relieve Conditions (SPARC)" program has been initiated in Octomber 2016, aiming at developing high resolution neural circuit maps and next generation neural modulation devices. This program has brought great stimulus to acupuncturists and acupuncture researchers both at home and abroad. Is the SPARC program a driving force or a challenge of acupuncture research? In the present study, we introduced the SPARC program and compared it with current acupuncture research. The first step of SPARC is to better map neural circuits associated with disease on the anatomical level so as to identify the best points for intervention, and to decode the neural language at these intervention points for developing a dictionary of patterns associated with health and disease states on the signaling level. Similarly, our acupuncture research also focuses on revealing the neural encoding of acupuncture stimulation and its effect on visceral function, seeking suitable stimulation parameters to regulate the abnormal visceral activity precisely. Therefore, the common point of SPARC program and acupuncture research is the scientific basis of peripheral somatic neuronal regulation, and their difference is that acupuncture regulates the visceral function through multiple neural circuits and neural feedbacks by stimulating the sensitized points or acupoints, achieving homeostasis at last. Acupuncture-induced regulation effect is limited and the therapy is safe. Whereas, "stimulating periphe-ral activity (SPA)" can regulate the visceral organs precisely but without neural feedback. Inevitably, SPA will produce tolerance or side effects. Therefore, there is still much work to be done in terms of the initiation of trigger stimulation and the feedback inhibition of target organ effects. The SPARC program is definitely a powerful force in revealing the mechanisms by which acupuncture works.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772452

ABSTRACT

With the increasing number of the orthodontic patients, the relationship between periodontal and orthodontic becomes increasingly close. Orthodontic treatment can improve periodontal status, but the adverse clinical problems of periodontal tissue during orthodontic treatment are relatively common. In this paper, we discuss the problems of soft tissue, including causes, prevention, and treatment of gingivitis, gingival enlargement, gingival recession, and gingival invagination in orthodontic treatment.


Subject(s)
Gingiva , Gingival Overgrowth , Therapeutics , Gingival Recession , Therapeutics , Gingivitis , Therapeutics , Humans , Tooth Movement Techniques
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698222

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the reliability of MRI classification and clinical significance of deep gray matter injury(DGMI)in children with cerebral palsy(CP).Methods We made a retrospective assessment of 14 children with gross motor function classification system(GMFCS),manual ability classification system(MACS)and MRI classification system of deep gray matter injury.Based on T2WI,two radiologists worked independently and graded MRI pictures according to three-grading system and four-grading system.To evaluate the reliability of different grading systems,intra-observer and inter-observer agreements were tested by Kappa test.Spearman correlation analysis was performed to analyze the MRI classification system with GMFCS and MACS.Results The Kappa value of the intro-observer and inter-observe agreement of three-grading system was 0.873 and 0.873,respectively (P<0.001).The Kappa value of the intro-observer and inter-observe agreement of four-grading system was 0.901 and 0.611(P<0.001).Three-grading system had no significant correlation with GMFCS(r=0.053,P>0.05)or MACS(r=0.128,P>0.05).Four-grading system had a significant positive correlation with GMFCS(r=0.605, P<0.05)and MACS(r=0.779,P<0.05).Conclusion In the two grading systems,four-grading system is a more repeatable approach for detecting deep gray matter,gross motor function and manual function injuries in children with cerebral palsy.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 600-603, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705092

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a respiratory system disease char-acterized by airway remodeling as a pathological basis. Repeated inflammatory infiltration and tissue damage repair can lead to airway remodeling. At present,the mechanism of airway remod-eling is not comprehensive. Studies have shown that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in the genesis and development of airway remodeling. Airway epithelial cells can be induced to mesenchymal transition through a variety of secretion factors and signaling pathways,leading to airway re-modeling in asthma. This review summarizes the study of EMT and airway remodeling in asthma,providing a reference for clini-cal follow-up treatment and research.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 453-456, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705064

ABSTRACT

Isoflavone phytoestrogen,which is one of the biologi-cal flavonoids, has effect on immune system. Previous research has demonstrated that isoflavone phytoestrogens improve allergic symptom via sustaining Th1/Th2 balance, regulating immune cells and increasing the host on the food of the trigger tolerance effects. This review provides information for the effect of isofla-vone phytoestrogens on allergic disease and its mechanism, ho-ping to promote its research and utilization.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851493

ABSTRACT

Objective The research is about the correlation of the color values of Curcuma longa in Sichuan and the content of the main composition (curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin, and curcuminoids). Methods Based on the theory of “distinguish quality by the appearance of medicine”, CM-5 spectro-colorimeter was used to measure the color values of slices and powders of C. longa in Sichuan, and combining to the content of the main composition of these medicines to analyze the correlation between them. Results It showed that there was a significant negative correlation between the color values of powders of C. longa in Sichuan (L*, b*, and ΔE*ab) and the content of the main component of medicines. The correlation coefficients were all around 0.4; Meanwhile, there was a significant positive correlation between the color value a* of C. longa in Sichuan and its main composition content, and the correlation coefficients were all around 0.7. Conclusion The color value a* of C. longa powders produced in Sichuan has higher correlation than other color values. It prompted that we can predict and judge the quality of C. longa in Sichuan by color value a* of C. longa powders, thereby verifying the scientificity of “distinguish quality by the appearance of medicine” in the identification of C. longa. The research can lay the foundation of establishing the evaluation system of C. longa, which can rapidly identify the quality of C. longa.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690407

ABSTRACT

In this work, we obtained the quality information of Panax notoginseng with near infrared spectroscopy in an efficient way. By combining the quality information of raw materials with process parameters in experimental design, quantitative relationship models were established between material quality information, process parameters and product quality of P. notoginseng, thus realizing the feedforward control of the alcohol extraction process. The quantitative models established have high robustness and satisfactory forecasting ability. With new batches of P. notoginseng introduced for the alcohol extraction process, the quality information of raw materials was rapidly obtained. Based on the established models, the process parameters were optimized according to the expected critical quality attributes (CQA), thereby reducing the fluctuation of product quality caused by raw material variation.

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