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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817656

ABSTRACT

@#The aim of this study was to detect the effect and mechanism of EZH1/2 inhibitor UNC1999 on hepatocellular carcinoma cell line SMMC- 7721.【Methods】Two groups including DMSO group(control group)and UNC1999 group were treated with different concentration of DMSO and UNC1999 for different time,respectively,then OD values were detected by using CCK- 8 kit to screen the appropriate action concentration and time of UNC1999. Cell proliferation rate was detected with EdU(5-ethynyl-2-deoxyuridine)Cell Proliferation Kit. The clone formation ability of cell was investigated by clone formation assay. Wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to detect the ability of migration and invasion. Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining assay was performed to detect cell apoptosis. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle. RNA-seq was performed to detect the cell transcriptomics. qRT-PCR was conducted to investigate the related genes,including EZH1,EZH2 and NECTIN4. Western blot was conducted to detect the expression of EZH1 ,EZH2 and H3K27me3. 【Results】 Compared with the control group ,the UNC1999 group showed lower cell proliferation,inhibited ability of migration and invasion(P < 0.05). In UNC1999 group,G0/1 block occurred in the cell cycle(P<0.05),while cell apoptosis had no significant change(P > 0.05).【Conclusion】UNC1999 could inhibit HCC by suppressing the expression of EZH1 and EZH2 both in protein level,as well as their function of catalyzing histone methylation. EZH1 and EZH2 play important roles in HCC,which may be potential targets for HCC treatment. UNC1999 could significantly promote the expression of NECTIN4 isoform which has been reported to be associated with the response to anti-cancer drug ,suggesting that the combination of EZH1/2 inhibitor and anti-cancer drug may exert greater effect of inhibiting HCC. This can provide a new idea for clinical drug treatment of liver cancer.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712931

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigate the characteristics of immunophenotypes in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) before liver transplantation.[Methods]The immunophenotypes of T-,B- cells,monocytes,dendritic cells(DC)and NK-cells in peripheral blood from 6 HCC patient who were ready to have liver transplantation and 6 healthy volunteers were analyzed by multicolor flow cytometry.[Results]In the patients,the proportions of CD4+PD-1+T cells,Treg cell (CD4+CD25+CD39+T cells),CD19+B cells,Plasmablasts(CD27highCD38highIgD-IgM-),classical monocytes(CD14high CD16-)and mature NK-cells(CD3-CD56high)were all higher than those in the healthy controls(all P<0.05).However, marginal zone B cell(CD27+IgD+),Non-switched B cells(CD27+CD38dimIgM+),intermediate monocytes(CD14high CD16+)and immature NK-cells(CD3-CD56+)were lower than those in the healthy controls(all P<0.05). And there wasn't any obvious difference in quantity being observed among other cell types.[Conclusion]There was difference in the immunophenotypes of immune cells in peripheral blood between HCC patients before liver transplantation and healthy people.And this finding exerts important effects on monitoring the immune status of the patients after liver transplantation and guiding the administrations of immunosuppressors.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254195

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical significance of tidal breathing lung function test in 1-4 years old children with wheezing diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 141 1-4 years old children with wheezing diseases were enrolled as the observed groups (41 cases of asthma, 54 cases of asthmatic bronchitis, and 46 cases of bronchopneumonia). Thirty children without respiratory diseases were enrolled as the control group. All the recruits underwent tidal breathing lung function test. The observed groups underwent bronchial dilation test, and tidal breathing flow volume (TBFV) parameters were evaluated before and after bronchial dilation test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The observed groups showed obstructive ventilatory disorder (65%) according to the TBFV loop, and their ratio of time to peak tidal expiratory flow (TPTEF) to total expiratory time (TE) and ratio of volume to peak expiratory flow (VPEF) to total expiratory volume (VE) were significantly lower than in the control group (P<0.05). The asthma subgroup had significantly improved TPTEF/TE and VPEF/VE after bronchial dilation test (P<0.05). Taking an improvement rate of ≥ 15% either for TPTEF/TE or for VPEF/VE as an indicator of positive bronchial dilation test, the bronchial dilation test had a sensitivity of 47% and a specificity of 84% in diagnosing asthma in 1-4 years old children. The positive rate was 28% among the children in the asthma subgroup with an TPTEF/TE ratio of ≥ 23% before bronchial dilation test, versus 65% in those with an TPTEF/TE ratio of <23%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Obstructive ventilatory disorder is the main impairment of tidal breathing lung function in 1-4 years old children with wheezing diseases. Tidal breathing bronchial dilation test can reflect a reversal of airway obstruction to a certain extent. The sensitivity of bronchial dilation test for the diagnosis of asthma is not satisfactory in 1-4 years old children with wheezing diseases, but this test has a relatively high diagnostic value in children with severe airway obstruction.</p>


Subject(s)
Asthma , Diagnosis , Bronchitis , Diagnosis , Bronchopneumonia , Diagnosis , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Respiration , Respiratory Function Tests , Methods , Respiratory Sounds , Diagnosis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen out active substances on Neuromedin U2 receptor (NMU2R) by using stable NMU2R cell lines and negative cell lines and analyzing siRNA interference.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>NMU2R cells were used to observe the activating effect of nine nine citrus flavonoids on NMU2R cell. Afterwards, false-positive interference of citrus flavonoids that showed higher activating effect was eliminated by using negative cells and analyzing the efficiency of siRNA interference.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Hesperidin and nobiletin contained in citrus flavonoids were found to effectively activate NMU2R. The efficacy, EC50 and potency values of hesperidin were 4.688, 318.970 micromol x L(-1) and 200.933 micromol x L(-1), while the efficacy, EC50 and potency values of nobiletin were 4.758, 5.832 micromol x L(-1) and 3.124 micromol x L(-).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hesperidin and nobiletin contained in citrus flavonoids can activate NMU2R. Nobiletin shows such a low EC50 that it has medicinal value.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Citrus , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Gene Expression , Humans , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Neurotransmitter , Genetics , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246579

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a quick, exact and inexpensive method to detect caries susceptibility in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>125 caries free children, aged 3-4 years, were randomly sampled. A combination of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and gtfB oligonucleotide probe hybridization method was used to detect Streptococcus mutans in saliva. The participants were followed up for a year and the clinical examination results were compared with the laboratory results. The perspective study was used to evaluate the detecting approach.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>When the combination of PCR and hybridization method was used to detect caries susceptibility of the sample, the predictive sensitivity, predictive specificity and predictive reliability were all increased to 69.2%, 46.8% and 54.3%, respectively as compared to only PCR, which were 56.4%, 44.2% and 48.3%, respectively. The samples with both the positive and negative results of hybridization detection had caries clinically, but the dmft index and prevalence were higher in the positive (dmft was 2.15 +/- 0.86, and the prevalence was 23.28%) than in the negative(dmft was 1.58 +/- 0.51, and the prevalence was 10.34%) which was statistically significant (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The probe was found to be quite potential in detecting caries susceptibility, but the predictive specificity and predictive reliability values were not significant.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Dental Caries , Diagnosis , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Humans , Oligonucleotide Probes , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Streptococcus mutans
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 754-758, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357346

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find new serum tumor markers for ovarian epithelial cancers by 2-DE DIGE and MALDI-TOF/TOF proteomic methods, in order to improve the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Serum samples from 103 cases of ovarian epithelial cancers, 60 cases of healthy women, 63 cases of benign ovarian tumors and 63 cases of benign pelvic diseases were collected. Sera of 20 cases of ovarian epithelial cancers (A), 20 cases of ovarian benign tumors (B), 20 cases of pelvic benign diseases (C) and 20 cases of health control (D) were matched by age and pooled, respectively. After depletion of high abundance serum albumin and IgG, the samples were assayed by 2-DE DIGE. The test was repeated three times. Analysis with DeCyder software revealed significant differential protein spots which were identified by MAIDI-TOF/TOF. Western blot and ELISA were used to validate the candidate serum markers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1) There were 41 proteins having significant differences between the groups. MAIDI-TOF/TOF successfully identified 28 proteins. Haptoglobin (Hp) was the most significantly up-regulated protein, and transferrin (Tf) was the most significantly down-regulated protein. 2) Western blot and ELISA proved that there were significant differences in Hp and Tf between ovarian epithelial cancers and normal controls (P = 0.000), between ovarian epithelial cancers and ovarian benign tumors (P = 0.000), between ovarian epithelial cancers and benign pelvic disease sera (P = 0.000). 3) CA125 + Hp + Tf combined detection of ovarian cancer had higher sensitivity and specificity than CA125, Hp or Tf detection alone.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hp and Tf are differently expressed in the sera of patients with ovarian epitheliual cancers. They can be used as serum biomarkers for ovarian epithelial cancers. CA125 + Hp + Tf combined detection may improve the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis of ovarian epithelial cancers.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell , Blood , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Blood , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous , Blood , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Endometriosis , Blood , Female , Haptoglobins , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms , Blood , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Blood , Proteins , Proteomics , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Teratoma , Blood , Transferrin
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295461

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in macrophages.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Rat peritoneal macrophages were pre-treated with TGP for 2 h and stimulated with LPS for 20 min or 0.5 h. Inhibitory kappaBalpha (IkappaBalpha) protein in the cytoplasm and NF-kappaB p65 protein in the nuclear were analyzed by western blot. Further, DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB complex was detected.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>TGP enhanced the amounts of IkappaBalpha protein in the cytoplasm and decreased the amounts of NF-kappaB p65 protein in the nuclear of LPS-induced macrophages. TGP also inhibited the LPS-mediated DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB complex in macrophages.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TGP can inhibit LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation in macrophages through arresting IKBalpha protein degradation, NF-kappaB p65 protein nuclear translocation and DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB complex.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Cytoplasm , Metabolism , DNA , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Macrophages, Peritoneal , Cell Biology , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Paeonia , Chemistry , Protein Transport , Rats , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290271

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects on performances of high-speed dental handpieces subjected to autoclaving.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The method of trial used to evaluate the effect of autoclaving included that ten chemical and ten biological indicators were arranged in each trial group being set by one sort of temperature and sterilization time. The range of temperature was from 100 degrees C to 134 degrees C and the sterilization time was from 1 to 45 minutes. The reliability of autoclaving was evaluated by the result of chemical indicator and the endospores of Bacillus stearothermophilus subjected to autoclaving. Ten newly imported and ten new domestic dental handpieces in two different brands were used to carry out this trial. The effects produced by autoclaving on performances of dental handpieces subjected to different type autoclaves were evaluated by some parameters.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The eligible outcome in killing test of the 221 sterilized dental handpieces proved that the sterilization effect of autoclaving on dental handpieces was reliable. The chemical indicators showed that under the condition of 121 degrees C it needed 20 minutes to reach sterilization standard in the inner package and only 15 minutes on the outer package, and under the condition of 134 degrees C it took 4 minutes to reach sterilization standard in the inner package while only 2 minutes on the outer package. This outcome proved that material with package was more time-consuming than that without package during autoclaving. Autoclaving has positive effects on the performance of dental handpieces, while the autoclave with less-time full sterilization cycle has less effect on it. The performance of dental handpieces sterilized by the autoclave with 6-minute full sterilization cycle might be restorable within certain times of sterilization cycle.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The sterilization effect of autoclaving is reliable. In order to reduce the influence on the performance of dental handpieces subjected to autoclaving, it should be reasonable to use the autoclave by which a full sterilization cycle might take less time and no use of package.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental High-Speed Equipment , Equipment Contamination , Sterilization , Methods
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 223-225, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295573

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of residential and migrant women in Beijing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study from 1995 to 2004 was performed to analyze data from the maternal death cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The MMR of resident and migrant of Beijing from 1995 to 2004 were 17.9 and 51.3 per ten thousand respectively. The main reasons of maternal deaths among residents were embolism (21.2%), hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy (18.3%), postpartum hemorrhage (14.4%) and ectopic pregnancy/heart disease (9.6%). The main reasons of migrant maternal deaths were postpartum hemorrhage (25.2%), embolism (19.7%), hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy (17.3%) and liver disease (9.5%). The avoidable deaths were accounted for 18.9%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MMR in Beijing local residents was close to that in developed countries. To further reduce MMR in Beijing would depend on the better administration of related issues among floating population. Poor quatily delivery must be banned together with strengthening the training programs on health workers. It is also important to improve the knowledge and skills of medical staff for rescuing the complications of pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Liver Diseases , Mortality , Maternal Health Services , Maternal Mortality , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Mortality , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Mortality , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Transients and Migrants
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282360

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the possibility of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission through dental handpieces.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Investigation was carried on methods for disinfecting and sterilizing dental handpieces and the condition of HBsAg contamination on dental handpieces before and after disinfection and sterilization by randomly sampling all special stomatological hospitals and dental clinics in a same city and 10 dental departments from the third, second and first class hospitals. The possibility of HBV transmission through dental handpieces was probed by investigating whether ducks can be infected by bath liquid of dental handpieces contaminated by DHBV, while in such bath liquid, DHBV can not be detected by serum dot hybridization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>From 2001 to 2004, in methods to disposing dental handpieces, the use of autoclave was remarkably increased while of the disinfectant wipe, immersion and other methods was remarkably decreased. The positive rate of HBsAg from dental handpieces in practice was 1.65%. It was evident that the bath liquid of dental handpieces contaminated by DHBV can conduct infection in vivo test of duck, while DHBV can not be detected in such bath liquid by serum dot hybridization, it is proved that the negative result of HBsAg in non-sterilized dental handpieces can not eliminate the possibility of HBV transmission through dental handpieces.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There might exist the possibility of HBV transmission through dental handpieces however, the autoclaves might kill the virus contaminating on dental handpieces.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA, Viral , Blood , Dental Instruments , Virology , Ducks , Virology , Equipment Contamination , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Virus, Duck , Genetics , Sterilization , Methods , Reference Standards
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299224

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand current status of the uses of dental handpieces, methods of disinfection and sterilization and their effectiveness in dental-care hospitals and out-patient departments of stomatology in general hospitals.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten dental-care hospitals and departments of stomatology in general hospitals at varied levels were randomly sampled during 2000 to 2001 to investigate the uses of dental handpieces and means of their disinfection and sterilization. One used dental handpiece from each hospital or department of stomatology in general hospital selected was detected for possible contamination of bacteria by aerobic bacterial count and Coliform bacterial examinations and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) on it, based on "The Technical Standards for Disinfection" set by the Ministry of Health of China, and the effectiveness of its disinfection and sterilization was evaluated as well.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Anti-suction handpieces were used only in 5.9% of the hospitals or departments, 94.1% of them without anti-suction devices. Cleansing disinfection was applied for used dental handpieces in 62.9% of the dental-care hospitals and the departments of stomatology, with an effective rate of 26.17%, immersing disinfection in 10.0%, with an effective rate of 55.88%, and autoclave in 27.1%, with an effective rate of 80.43%. Used dental handpieces in the hospitals and departments of stomatology in general hospitals were all contaminated by bacteria and HBsAg could be detected in 1.67% of them.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Dental handpieces without anti-suction should be replaced soon by those with it or comprehensive dental unit with anti-suction device should be used. Used dental handpieces must be sterilized effectively before next use. Awareness on prevention from cross-infection should be improved for dental-care professional staff and operation of sterilization should be standardized.</p>


Subject(s)
Cross Infection , Dental Instruments , Microbiology , Equipment Contamination , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Humans , Sterilization , Methods
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