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Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 781-784, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792531


Objective To investigate the potential roles of chromogranin A in pathogenesis of asthmatic inflammation,and to assess the regulation of montelukast on chromogranin A expression.Methods The rat asthma model was established with ovalbumin,and they were allocated to three groups,named asthma group,control group and montelukast group.The expressions of chromogranin A protein and mRNA at lung tissue were detected by immunohistochemisty or real-time PCR methods,and positive expression intensity of chromogranin A protein was assayed by optical density.The correlation between chromogranin A protein and mRNA was also analyzed.Results The expression levels of chromogranin A protein in asthma group(0.34 ±0.05 optical density)was significantly higher than that in control group (0.21 ±0.06 optical density)(P<0.01 ).The expression levels of chromogranin A mRNA in asthma group (4.02 ±0.95 relative quantity value)was significantly higher than that in control group(P<0.01 ).The expression levels of chromogranin A protein in montelukast group(0.28 ±0.04 optical density)was dramatically lower than that in asthma group (0.34 ±0.05 optical density)(P<0.05),while there were no statistical significance of chromogranin A mRNA(3.67 ±0.78 relative quantity value)between those two groups(P>0.05 ).But levels of mRNA was positively correlated with protein of chromogranin A (r=0.635,P<0.01).Conclusion Expressions of chromogranin A protein and mRNA at lung tissue were increased in asthmatic rats,and the results demonstrated that chromogranin A perhaps participated in the pathogenesis of asthma inflammation,but this function of chromogranin A protein could be down regulated by montelukast.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255216


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the prognosis of preretinal hemorrhage following vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade for severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 76 cases of proliferative diabetic retinopathy treated with vitrectomy and silicone oil infusion tamponade in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital from October 2006 to September 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Intraoperative bleeding,postoperative preretinal bleeding,blood reabsorption time, and preretinal fibrosis were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All preretinal hemorrhage developed within 1 week after surgery, blood was distributed in thin and scattered patterns (32 cases), thick and localized patterns (25 cases) or thick and scattered patterns (19 cases). The preretinal hemorrhage was ceased in 1 day after operation in 35 cases, in 2 days after operation in 18 cases, in two weeks after operation in 23 case. Recurrent hemorrhage occurred within 1 week after operation in 15 cases. Thin blood was largely reabsorbed in about two weeks, and thick blood was largely reabsorbed in about five weeks. Fibrosis tissue was resulted in 15 cases(34.1%) with thick blood.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Most of preretinal hemorrhage occurs within 1 week after surgery and is reabsorpted with 5 weeks in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy undergoing vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade. The major complication of preretinal bleeding is the formation of preretinal fibrosis.</p>

Diabetic Retinopathy , General Surgery , Fibrosis , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Silicone Oils , Therapeutic Uses , Vitrectomy , Vitreous Hemorrhage , Epidemiology
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 576-580, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671584


Objective To investigate the management and control of hypertension in patients with chronic kidney disease(CKD) and its associated factors.Methods Data of 726in-patients with CKD and hypertension who hospitalized in our hospital from March 2009 to April 2010 were studied.Results 91.74% of patients was treated with antihypertensive medications,and 21.21%, 22.59%, 19.56%, 28.37% of patients received 1, 2, 3, ≥4 antihypertensive drugs,respectively.42.4% of patients with CKD and hypertension could be controlled up to the standard,and the mean blood pressure was(137.86±20.75)/(76.30±11.35) mm Hg.There was significant difference among stage 1 plus 2, 3, 4 plus 5 (non-dialysis), 5 (dialysis) kidney diseases, with the hypertension control rate being 50.8%, 46.7%, 42.0%, 33.5%, respectively.The hypertension control rate of non-dialysis patients was significantly higher than that of dialysis (44.9% vs 33.5%,P<0.05).There was no significant difference between blood dialysis group and peritoneal dialysis group(32.3% vs 38.7%, P>0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that female (OR=1.787, 95%CI 1.045-3.056)and ACEI application (OR=4.378, 95%CI1.830-10.472) were positively associated with hypertension control.Whereas, diabetes (OR=0.415, 95%CI 0.188-0.919)and pulse pressure (OR =0.847, 95% CI 0.811-0.885) were associated with inadequate blood pressure control.ConclusionsDespite almost universal hypertension treatment is used in patients with CKD and high blood pressure, the hypertension control rate is still suboptimal.Female and ACEI are positively associated with adequate hypertension control, whereas diabetes and pulse pressure are negatively associated with the standard.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347519


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate plasma hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) levels and cystathionine-gamma- lyase (CSE) and cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS) mRNA expression in the lung tissues in asthmatic rats and to explore the roles of endogenous H₂S, CSE and CBS system in the pathogenesis of asthma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats (age 5 to 7 weeks) were randomly divided into three groups: control, asthma and budesonide treatment (n = 10 each). The asthma model was established by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge. The budesonide treatment group received inhaled budesonide before challenge. The contents of plasma H₂S were measured by spectrophotometry. The levels of CSE and CBS mRNA in the lung tissues were examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The contents of plasma H₂S in the asthma group (61 ± 16 μmol/L) were significantly lower than those in the control group (84 ± 15 μmol/L) (P<0.01). The contents of plasma H₂S in the budesonide treatment group (71 ± 14 μmol/L) were not statistically different from those in the control and asthma groups. CSE mRNA and CBE mRNA expression in the asthma group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.01). The budesonide treatment group had a decreased CSE mRNA expression and CBE mRNA expression compared with the control group, but had significantly increased CSE and CBE mRNA expression compared with the asthma group (P < 0.01). There was a significantly negative correlation between H₂S contents in plasma and total inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (n = 30, r = -0.549, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Plasma H₂S levels and CSE and CBS expression in the lung decrease in asthmatic rats, which possibly promotes inflammatory cell aggregation to the airway. Budesonide may alleviate airway inflammation in asthmatic rats possibly through the system of endogenous H₂S, CSE and CBS.</p>

Animals , Asthma , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Budesonide , Pharmacology , Cystathionine beta-Synthase , Genetics , Physiology , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Genetics , Physiology , Hydrogen Sulfide , Metabolism , Male , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639871


Objective To explore the relationship of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF),IFN-? and IL-4 and effect of Bude-sonide on their in asthmatic rats.Methods Thirty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups:asthma group,Budesonide-treatment group and control group.On the first day of the experiment and the 8th day,the rat models of the asthma group and Budesonid treatment group were allergized by the OVA/Al(OH)3 through intraperitoneal injection,respectively.And starting from the 15th day,they were challenged by the OVA through atomization for 2 weeks.Control group was allergized and challenged by NS atomization.Budesonid treatment group was interfered in Budesonide inhalation before suscitation in 0.5 h.After 12 h the same inhal done was again in Budesonide group.Twenty-four hours after the last challenge,the rats in 3 groups were sacrificed,and blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) were collected.The concentrations of IL-4,IFN-? and VEGF in serum and BALF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results The concentrations of IL-4 in serum and BALF in asthma group and Budesonide treatment group were significantly increased than those in control group(P