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1.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 307-313, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop quality of life questionnaire of Chinese medicine for postoperative patients with colorectal cancer (QLQ-CMPPCC), thus comprehensively and objectively evaluating the clinical efficacy of Chinese medicine and pharmacy in treating postoperative patients with colorectal cancer (CC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The theoretical structure model of the questionnaire was addressed in combined with basic theories of Chinese medicine according to the principle of WHO quality of life (QOL). The primary questionnaire was developed using methods of structuralization policy making after we extensively retrieve various universal and specific questionnaires for CC cancer patients at home and abroad. The 205 CC patients were tested by questionnaire. The items were screened using experts grading method, item selection analysis, dispersion trends of standard deviation, t-test, correlation coefficient method, factor analysis,and Cronbach's alpha.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The QLQ-CMPPCC was developed containing four domains of physical, psychological, independence, and social functions, involving 20 aspects and 54 items. Of them, non-fistula patients answered 43 items and fistula patients answered 46 items. One item covered the general QOL evaluation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>QLQ-CMPPCC showed Chinese medical features. It comprehensively reflected the connotation of QOL for postoperative CC patients. It could be taken as a tool for evaluating Chinese medical efficacy for postoperative CC patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 987-989, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977494

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo determine the utility of the simple body weight support training apparatus used to improve ambulatory function in patients with hemiplegia or paraplegia.Methods38 cases with hemiplegia or paraplegia were randomly divided into control(C,n=10),regular body weight support treadmill training group(R,n=14),simple body weight support training group(S,n=14).All the patients received comprehensive rehabilitation for 6 months.Function Independence Measured(FIM),10 meters ambulatory velocity,Fugl-Meyer Assessment(FMA),Barthel Index(BI) were used to evaluate the effect of training.ResultsThe FIM scores and ambulatory velocity of the patients in group R and S improved significantly compared with that of group C.There was no difference of FIM scores and ambulatory velocity between group R and S.ConclusionThe effect of simple body weight support training on improving the ambulatory function is similar to regular body weight support treadmill.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 957-959, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977474

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo investigate the characteristic of hindlimb movement recovery in adult rats after spinal cord injury and how to assess it.Methods 26 adult female rats were randomized in sham,completely midthoracic spinal cord transected(at T8 level) or body weight supported treadmill training(BWSTT) groups.Their motor function were assessed with Basso,Beattie,Bresnahan locomotor rating scale for open field(BBB scale) and average combined scores(ACOS).ResultsNone of the rats exhibited hindlimb movements after operation.30 d and 45 d after operation,BBB and ACOS score of rats in BWSTT group showed better than that in SCI group.There were significant differences in ACOS score among 15 d,30 d and 45 d after operation in both group.ConclusionPartial spontaneous hindlimb functional recovery can be found in chronic adult spinal cord injured rats and BWSTT would facilitate the recovery.Both semiquantitative and qualitative assessment were strongly correlated with locomotor recovery,but the semiquantitative assessment shows more sensitive.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 675-676, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974850

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo explore the effectiveness and practicability of training technique in hemiplegia.Methods313 stroke patients with hemiplegia were divided randomly into the control group and training group, and treated with integrative training technique for hemiplegia impairment during 3 months. Locomotor recovery and the performance of activities of daily living (ADL) of patients in two groups were assessed before and after one, two and three months training respectively, using Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and the scale of impairment in community rehabilitation.ResultsAfter treatment, FMA, FIM and the scale of impairment in community rehabilitation of the patients in the training group improved significantly ( P<0.001), the effectiveness was better than that of the control group ( P<0.05~0.001).The scales of FMA and FIM were proportional to the scale of impairment in community rehabilitation.ConclusionThe training technique for hemiplegia has ideal rehabilitation effectiveness.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 298-300, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974109

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo investigate the rule of changes of the soleus mass and expression of myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms mRNA.Methods40 female Wistar rats were divided randomly into the control group and three spinal cord transection (ST) groups, ST7, ST15, and ST30 with 10 animals in each group. Rats in ST groups were subjected to a complete ST between T8 and T10 levels. The right soleus was dissected and weighed at 7, 15, 30 days after ST, and the expression of MHC mRNA isoforms was measured by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).ResultsThe Absolute and relative soleus masses in three ST groups were lower significantly than those of control group (P<0.05). The soleus mass in ST15 and ST30 groups were lower than that of ST7 group (P<0.05). The soleus of control group predominantly expressed MHC-I and some MHC-IIa, whereas the soleus began to express MHC-IIx and MHC-IIb after ST, except for MHC-I and MHC-IIa. ST induced consistently down-regulation of MHC-I mRNA and up-regulation of MHC-IIx and MHC-IIa at three time points after ST. The level of MHC-IIb mRNA expression was very low at three time points after ST.ConclusionST can influence the soleus mass at early stage after ST. ST induces a shift toward a faster muscle phenotype from slow to fast MHC isoform. MHC demonstrates plasticity in response to decrease neuromuscular activation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 421-422, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979099

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To study the effect of early rehabilitation on the ambulatory capacity and the relationship between motor , sensory function and ambulatory function in patients with acute spinal cord injury.Methods 47 patients with spinal cord injury were treated with comprehensive rehabilitation program. Their motor and sensory function were assessed using Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ASIA, 1992) and their ambulatory function were assessed using Hoffer's ambulation classification during the treatment.Results Motor and sensory function increased significantly in the 12 months after trauma (P<0.05). Motor score at admission was correlated with the outcome of the ambulatory capacity(P<0.05).Conclusion Early rehabilitation was effective. The initial motor function was related to the outcome of the ambulatory capacity in patients with spinal cord injury.

7.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12)1985.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of Truview~(TM)EVO_2 optic laryngoscope by comparing it with the Macintosh laryngoscope in patients receiving cervical vertebral surgery.Methods:One hundred patients scheduled for elective cervical vertebral surgery were enrolled in this randomized crossover study.After induction,the patients'glottis in group A (n=50)was displayed by Macintosh laryngoscope and the Cormack-Lehane(C/L)grade was recorded,and then optic laryngoscope was employed to display the laryngeal structure.The order of laryngoscopy attempts was reversed in group B(n= 50).Parameters recorded included demographics,airway assessment feat ures(BMI,thyromental distance,mandibular size,mouth opening,mallampati oropharyngeal scale,and neck movement),C/L grade,laryngoscopic force applied,duration of intubation, difficulties of laryngeal view and injury of upper airway.Results:There were no significant difference in demographics,airway assessment features,C/L grade and duration of intubation between the 2 groups,whereas the laryngoscopic force in group A was significantly lower than that in group B(P

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