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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237136

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the impact of number of retrieved lymph nodes and lymph node ratio(LNR) on the prognosis in patients with stage II and III colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological data of 507 patients with stage II and III colorectal cancer were analyzed retrospectively. Follow-up was available in all the patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total number of retrieved lymph nodes was 5801, of which 1122 had metastasis. There was a positive correlation between metastatic lymph nodes and retrieved lymph nodes(r=0.171, P<0.01). In stage II colorectal cancer there was a significant difference in 5-year survival rate between patients with more than 12 lymph nodes retrieved and those with less than 12 lymph nodes retrieved(P<0.01). LNR also affected the 5-year survival rate of patients with stage II and III colorectal cancer(P<0.05). In patients with similar LNR, the 5-year survival rate differed significantly among different regions of lymph node metastasis(P<0.05). LNR influenced the prognosis independent of the number of lymph nodes retrieved.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The number of retrieved lymph nodes is a prognostic factor for stage II and III colorectal cancer. More than 12 lymph nodes should be retrieved for better staging and prognosis. LNR is also a prognostic factor in stage II and III colorectal cancer. Regions of lymph nodes metastasis should be considered when evaluating the prognosis of patients using LNR.</p>


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Male , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the roles of the residential environment and eating habits in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma in school children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-nine children between 6-12 years who were diagnosed with asthma were enrolled. Two hundred and fifty-eight healthy age- and gender-matched children were used as the control group. A questionaire which included 23 factors related to respiratory tract anaphylactic diseases such as residential environment and eating habits were completed by the children's parents.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Logistic regression analysis showed that 6 variances out of 16 agents of the residential environment, the experience of raising pets, the type of floor, the type of pillow, the type of quilts, the heating equipments and the house area, were entered into the regression equation; none of the 7 variances of eating inhabits was entered into it.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The residential environment plays an impotent role in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma in children. The incidence of bronchial asthma in children can be reduced by the improvement of the residential environment.</p>


Subject(s)
Asthma , Case-Control Studies , Child , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Risk Factors
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1368-1373, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the different prognosis between enteral nutrition (EN) and parenteral nutrition (PN) in patients after gastrointestinal surgery (GIS), and to investigate a reasonable regimen of enteral nutrition (EN) after GIS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on EN/PN after GIS from 1970 to 2008 retrieved from the data bank of Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library were analyzed. Evaluation endpoints were anastomotic dehiscence, infection (catheter sepsis, wound infection, pneumonia, intra-abdominal abscess and urinary tract infection), vomiting and abdominal distention, other complications, length of hospital stay and mortality rate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-three RCTs including 2784 patients met the entering criteria. Compared with PN, EN was beneficial in the reduction of anastomotic dehiscence (RR = 0.67, 95%CI: 0.50 - 0.91; P = 0.010), infections (RR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.64 - 0.81; P < 0.001), other complication (RR = 0.82, 95%CI: 0.73 - 0.92; P < 0.001) and duration of hospital stay (weighted mean difference: -3.60; 95%CI: -3.88 - -3.32; P < 0.001). But the risk of vomiting was increased among patients with EN (RR = 1.39, 95%CI: 1.21 - 1.59; P < 0.001), and there was no significant differences in mortalities between the two groups (P = 0.400).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There is no advantage in treating patients 'nil by mouth' after gastrointestinal surgery. It indicated that early commencement of enteral feeding is beneficial.</p>


Subject(s)
Enteral Nutrition , Gastrointestinal Tract , General Surgery , Humans , Parenteral Nutrition , Postoperative Care , Prognosis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679909

ABSTRACT

0.05).Con- clusion It is a feasible way for infants to fast in solid diet 6 hours and liquid 2 hours before operation in order to re- duce indisposition of infants and meet the need of operation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638483

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between cough variant asthma (CVA) and mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection.Methods Fifty children with CVA were chosen as the experimental group at random,and 50 children with acute upper respiratory infection,who went to the hospital in the same time and with similar age,were chosen as control group.The MP-IgM of children in both groups were tested by the granule agglutinating method.Results Significant difference (? 2=9.013 P

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