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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817765

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 To investigate the endometrial pathological composition in abnormal uterine bleeding(AUB),and whether it related to age,body mass index,waist circumference or waist-hip ratio.【Methods】From January 2017 to June 2017,206 patients with AUB underwent diagnostic curettage or hysteroscopy and endometrial biosy in the daytime operating room of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat- sen University were included ,and age,height, weight ,waist circumference ,hip circumference and endometrial pathology were collected and analyzed statistically.【Results】① The proportions of Normal endometrium(NE),Disorder Proliferative Endometrium(DPE),Endometrial Polyp(EP),Endometrial Hyperplasia without atypia (EH without atypia),Endometrial Hyperplasia with atypia (EH with atypia),and Endometrial Cancer(EC,type I)were 32.52%,8.25%,6.31%,40.77%,9.22% and 2.91% respectively in endometrial pathological grouping. ②The age of EC group was 50.0(S=7.3)years old,which was older than that of NE group 42.0(S=13.0,P<0.01). ③The abdominal circumference of EC group(89.0±4.9)cm were higher than that of NE group(81.4±5.4)cm(P<0.01). WHR of EH with atypia group and EC group were(0.877±0.035)and(0.912±0.042) respectively,which were higher than that of NE group[(0.847±0.036);P<0.01,P<0.01].【Conclusions】About half of patients with abnormal uterine bleeding have endometrial hyperplasia,and the proportion of endometrial cancer is nearly 3%,both of which are associated with central obesity(such as increased waist circumference and/or waist-to-hip ratio).

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712952

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigate the value of deep common iliac region lymphadenectomy in treatment of uterine malignancies.[Methods]88 patients with deep common iliac region lymphadenectomy in Third affiliated hospital of sun yat-sen university from March 2016 to June 2017 were enrolled in this study. The number of removed lymph nodes、metastatic lymph nodes、operative complication and so on were analyzed.[Results]The number of pelvic lymph nodes resection is from 18 to 52,the average is 26;the number of deep common iliac region lymph nodes resection is from 2 to 16,the average is 5. The number of pelvic lymph node metastasis is 11 and the rate is 12.5%;the number of deep common iliac region lymph node metastasis is 3,accounting for 27.3% of the total number of pelvic lymph node metasta-sis,which alone deep common iliac region lymph node positive in 1 case,9.0% of the total number of pelvic lymph node metastasis.The average operation time of single pelvic lymph node resection was 43 min and that of single deep common iliac region lymph nodes was 10 min.There was no severe complication.[Conclusion]Deep common iliac region lymphad-enectomy is feasibility and safety,27%of patients with pelvic lymph node metastasis has positive deep common iliac region lymph nodes,and we believe that the promotion and application of deep common iliac region lymphadenectomy can further improve the therapeutic effect of uterine malignancy.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328570

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the potential therapy of Gambogic acid (GA) combined with magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4 (Fe3O4-MNP) on leukemia. The proliferation of U937 cells and the cytotoxicity were evaluated by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was observed and analyzed by microscopy and flow cytometry respectively. The expressions of gene and protein were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot respectively. The results showed that GA enhanced the cytotoxicity for U937 cells in dose- and time-dependent manners. The Fe3O4-MNP itself had not cytotoxicity, but could enhance the inhibitory effect of GA on proliferation of U937 cells. The apoptotic rate of U937 cells induced by combination of GA with Fe3O4-MNP was higher than that by GA alone. The typical apoptotic features of cells treated with GA and Fe3O4-MNP were observed. The expression levels of caspase-3 and bax after co-treatment of GA and Fe3O4-MNP were higher than that exposed to GA or Fe3O4-MNP alone, but the expressions of bcl-2, NF-kappaB and survivin were down-regulated. It is concluded that Fe3O4-MNP can promote GA-induced apoptosis in U937 cells, and the combination of GA with Fe3O4-MNP may be a safer and less toxic new therapy for leukemia.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Humans , Iron Compounds , Pharmacology , Magnetics , Nanoparticles , U937 Cells , Xanthones , Pharmacology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328557

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the effects of magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4 (Fe3O4-MNPs) on murine immune system. ICR mice were assigned randomly into four groups which were treated with normal saline, low, middle and high dose of MNP-Fe3O4 respectively. The mice were killed after being exposed by intragastric administration for 2 weeks. The ratios of spleen weight to body weight, lymphocyte transformation rate in spleen suspension and phagocytic index of macrophage in abdominal cavity were detected. The results showed that the ratios of spleen weight to body weight in Fe3O4-MNP groups were not significantly different in comparison with the control (p > 0.05). The lymphocyte transformation rate in spleen suspension in Fe3O4-MNP groups were all higher than that in control group (-0.1775 +/- 0.0246), especially in the middle dose group (0.1833 +/- 0.0593) (p < 0.05), and the phagocytic index of macrophages in abdominal cavity of middle dose group (0.2051 +/- 0.0213) was higher than that of control group and other two Fe3O4-MNP group (low dose 0.1538 +/- 0.0100, high dose 0.1511 +/- 0.0184) (p < 0.05). It is concluded that suitable dose of Fe3O4-MNP can enhance the cellular immune activity and phagocytic function of macrophages of mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Immunity, Cellular , Lymphocytes , Macrophages , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Phagocytosis
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302198

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the potential benefit of combination therapy with magnetic nanoparticle of Fe(3)O(4) and 5-Bromotetrandrine (5-BrTet) on chronic leukemia. The apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry (FCM), Wright staining and light microscope; the expressions of BAX and BCL-2 were measured by Western blot. The results showed that combination of daunorubicin (DNR) with either MNP (Fe(3)O(4)) or 5-BrTet exerted a potent cytotoxic effect on K562/A02 cells, while MNP (Fe(3)O(4)) and 5-BrTet co-treatment could synergistically enhance DNR-induced apoptosis. After treated with this regimen, the typical apoptotic morphological features were found in K562/A02 cells; the expression level of BCL-2 decreased and BAX increased markedly. It is concluded that MNP (Fe(3)O(4)) or 5-BrTet with DNR can induce apoptosis in K562/A02 cells, and they show distinct synergism when used together. The down-regulation of BCL-2 and the up-regulation of BAX may play important roles.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Benzylisoquinolines , Pharmacology , Daunorubicin , Pharmacology , Down-Regulation , Ferric Compounds , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Humans , K562 Cells , Nanoparticles , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Up-Regulation , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302197

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the reversal effect of 5-bromotetrandrine (5-BrTet) and magnetic nanoparticle of Fe(3)O(4) (Fe(3)O(4)-MNPs) combined with DNR in vivo. The xenograft leukemia model with stable multiple drug resistance in nude mice was established. The two sub-clones of K562 and K562/A02 cells were respectively inoculated subcutaneously into back of athymic nude mice (1 x 10(7) cells/each) to establish the leukemia xenograft models. Drug resistant and the sensitive tumor-bearing nude mice were both assigned randomly into 5 groups: group A was treated with NS; group B was treated with DNR; group C was treated with nanoparticle of Fe(3)O(4) combined with DNR; group D was treated with 5-BrTet combined with DNR; group E was treated with 5-bromotetrandrine and magnetic nanoparticle of Fe(3)O(4) combined with DNR. The incidence of tumor formation, growth characteristics, weight and volume of tumor were observed. The histopathologic examination of tumors and organs were carried out. The protein levels of BCL-2, BAX, and Caspase-3 in resistant tumors were detected by Western blot. The results indicated that 5-BrTet and magnetic nanoparticle of Fe(3)O(4) combined with DNR significantly suppressed growth of K562/A02 cell xenograft tumor, histopathologic examination of tumors showed the tumors necrosis obviously. Application of 5-BrTet and magnetic nanoparticle of Fe(3)O(4) inhibited the expression of BCL-2 protein and up-regulated the expression of BAX, and Caspase-3 protein in K562/A02 cell xenograft tumor. It is concluded that 5-bromotetrandrine and magnetic nanoparticle of Fe(3)O(4) combined with DNR have significant tumor-suppressing effect on MDR leukemia cell xenograft model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Benzylisoquinolines , Pharmacology , Daunorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Drug Synergism , Female , Ferric Compounds , Humans , K562 Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Nanoparticles , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302135

ABSTRACT

Multidrug resistance (MDR) plays a major role in the failure of cancer chemotherapy. Since Fe(3)O(4)-magnetic nanoparticle loaded with daunorubicin (DNR) can overcome multidrug-resistance of K562 cells in vitro, the effect of Fe(3)O(4)-magnetic nanoparticle loaded with DNR on multidrug-resistant K562 cells was studied in vivo, the K562-n and its MDR counterpart K562-n/VCR cells were inoculated subcutaneously into both sides of the back of nude mice to establish a human leukemia xenograft model. The mice were randomly divided into group A receiving normal saline, group B receiving DNR, group C receiving Fe(3)O(4)-magnetic nanoparticle, group D receiving Fe(3)O(4)-magnetic nanoparticle loaded with DNR and group E receiving Fe(3)O(4)-magnetic nanoparticle containing DNR with a magnetic field built on the surface of the tumor tissue. The tumor volume was measured on the day 1, 5, 9, 13, 17 and 21 after the first treatment. Tumor tissues were isolated for examination of the expression of mdr-1 by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. The results showed that for K562-n/VCR tumor, the tumor volume was markedly lower in groups D and E than that in groups A, B and C. Pathological observation revealed that the tumor cells of group A and B grew well, some disseminated necrosis and some cells with karyorrhexis and karyopyknosis existed in group C. However, significant fracture, necrosis of cell and subsequently fibrosis were seen in group D and E. The transcription of mdr-1 gene in groups D and E was significantly lower than that in groups A, B and C (group D and E vs group A, B or C, p < 0.05). However, there were no differences about the protein expression of P-gp between these groups. The tumor volume of K562-n in groups C, D and E was markedly lower than that in groups A and B (group C, D and E vs group A or B, p < 0.05). Pathological observation showed that the tumor cell of group A and B grew well, and no obvious necrosis was observed. Significant fracture, necrosis of cell and subsequently fibrosis were seen in group C, D and E. It is concluded that DNR-loaded Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles can suppress the growth of the MDR K562-n/VCR tumor in vivo, but can not further enhance its efficacy on the sensitive K562-n tumor as compared to DNR alone. The additional external magnetic field failed to further improve the antitumor effect in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Daunorubicin , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Carriers , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Female , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia , Drug Therapy , Magnetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Nanoparticles , Treatment Outcome , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292917

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare therapeutic effects of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment and medication on acute gouty arthritis (AGA), so as to search for a therapeutic method for treatment of gout with renal insufficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety cases of AGA were randomly divided into an EA group, an allopurinol group and a probenecid group, 30 cases in each group. The EA group were treated by EA at Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Fenglong (ST 40), Yinlingquan (SP 9), once a day; the allopurinol group by oral administration of Allopurinol, twice a day, 100 mg each time and the probenecid group by oral administration of Probenecid, twice daily, 0.25 g each time. Contents of blood uric acid (BUA) and urinary uric acid (UUA) in each group were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In all groups, there were significant differences in BUA and UUA levels before and after treatment (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference between the EA group and the allopurinol group in blood uric acid level after treatment (P > 0.05) and there was no significant difference between the EA group and the probenecid group in the urinary innary uric acid level (P > 0.05). Comparison of therapeutic effects among the 3 groups indicated that the mean rank was 56.23 in the EA group, 43.17 in the allopurinol group and 37.10 in the probenecid group, indicating that the therapeutic effect in the EA group was better than that in the allopurinol group, and the allopurinol group was better than that in the probenecid group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA can reduce the production of uric acid and promote the excretion of uric acid and has a better treatment effect. And there are no harmful effects on renal function. EA is an effective therapeutic method for treatment of gout with renal insufficiency.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Gouty , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid , Blood , Urine
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the risk factors of intrauterine hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the impact of HBV DNA on the infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The serum levels of HBsAg, HbsAb, HBeAg, HBeAb, HBcAb and HBV DNA were determined in blood samples from 230 HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their newborns by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and fluorescence quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR), respectively. The newborns acquiring HBV infection via intrauterine transmission were selected as the case group and others as the control group. The risk factors for intrauterine HBV infection were analyzed by non-conditional logistic regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six infants were found to be HBsAg-positive, and 18 HBV DNA-positive, and 3 of them were positive for both HBsAg and HBV DNA. The rate of intrauterine HBV infection was 9.6% (22/230). The grade of HBV DNA level was identified as the only risk factor of intrauterine HBV infection by non-conditional logistic regression model, with odds ratio (OR) of 1.57 (95% confidence interval 1.12-2.21). Of the 119 pregnant women positive for HBV DNA, 18 were diagnosed as having intrauterine HBV infection, and the likeliness of the infection significantly increased for a maternal serum HBV DNA level > or =10(7) copies/ml (chi(2)=7.92, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The grade of serum HBV DNA level is the predominant risk factor for intrauterine HBV infection in pregnant women, and for those with serum HBV DNA lever > or =10(7) copies/ml, the chance for intrauterine HBV infection can be significantly increased.</p>


Subject(s)
DNA, Viral , Blood , Genetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Hepatitis B , Virology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Blood , Virology , Risk Factors
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 449-452, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346653

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of misoprostol in term labour induction.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>Data from published English and Chinese literatures about misoprostol in term labour induction were identified from Medline and CBMdisk (using the search terms "misoprostol" and "labour induction") before 2001; hand searches of reference lists of original studies and reviews (including meta-analyses) and contact with investigators in this field before 2001.</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Studies were included if they had data on misoprostol and labour induction. Altogether 623 articles were found and 124 were admitted, including 19,287 cases.</p><p><b>DATA EXTRACTION</b>Data were collected on efficacy and incidence of side-effects of misoprostol and oxytocin. Data were checked for consistency within the published articles and converted into a standard format for incorporation into a central database.</p><p><b>DATA SYNTHESIS</b>The average successful induction rate, rates of caesarean section; incidence of tachysystole, hypertonus of uterus and precipitous labour, and rates of meconium stained amniotic fluid between the misoprostol and oxytocin groups were significantly different (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups concerning the average interval from the administration of misoprostol and oxytocin to the onset of labour, duration of the total stage of labour, incidence rate of foetal distress, neonatal asphyxia (1-minute Apgar score < and= 7), postpartum haemorrhage or amount of blood loss in postpartum.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Misoprostol is a superior agent over oxytocin on the induction of term labour, but its application might increase the risk of precipitous labour, abnormal uterine contractions or meconium stained amniotic fluid. Therefore, the dosages and regimens of the agent need further investigation.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Labor, Induced , Methods , Misoprostol , Oxytocics , Oxytocin , Pregnancy , Safety
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