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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the chemical constituents in Euodiae Fructus by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Method:The chromatographic separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) as mobile phase (0-3 min, 6%A; 3-4 min, 6%-10%A; 4-7 min, 10%-12%A; 7-8 min, 12%-14%A; 8-13 min, 14%-15%A; 13-15 min, 15%-20%A; 15-18 min, 20%-30%A; 18-21 min, 30%-49%A; 21-25 min, 49%-51%A; 25-27 min, 51%-73%A; 27-30 min, 73%-80%A; 30-31 min, 80%-100%A; 31-32 min, 100%A) for gradient elution. The column temperature was 35 ℃, and the flow rate was 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Mass spectrometry was performed using an electrospray ionization and data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, and the detection range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 200. The chemical constituents in Euodiae Fructus were identified rapidly and comprehensively based on the accurate relative molecular mass and combined with literature data and reference substances. Result:A total of 92 chemical constituents were speculatively identified from the 70% methanol extract of Euodiae Fructus, including 39 alkaloids, 19 flavonoids, 12 limonoids, 20 phenolic acids and 2 organic acids. Among them, 26 compounds were confirmed by the reference substances. Conclusion:The compound types of Euodiae Fructus are multiple and quite different in polarity. The chemical compositions of Euodiae Fructus from different regions and species are similar. The established method is rapid and accurate, with which the chemical compositions of Euodiae Fructus have been identified comprehensively. Therefore, this study provides an experimental reference for further clarifying active and toxic constituents of Euodiae Fructus.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335813

ABSTRACT

To screen potential biomarkers of curcumin related to treating depression rats by using metabolomics means, so as to explore the antidepressant action mechanism of curcumin. The healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups. Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) stimulation was conducted for modeling for 2 weeks, and then curcumin (200 mg•kg⁻¹) or venlafaxine (40 mg•kg⁻¹) was given by gavage administration. The blank group and model group rats were given with the same volume of 1% CMCNa normal saline, once per day for two weeks. The rats serum for each group was collected and LC/MS-IT-TOF method was used to characterize the metabolic differences. Also multivariate statistical analysis was used to screen possible potential biomarkers and analyze the possible metabolic pathways. After administration of curcumin and venlafaxine respectively, the depression indexes of CUMS model rats were all improved significantly (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences between curcumin and venlafaxine groups. In PCA and PLS-DA analysis after curcumin or venlafaxine intervention on CUMS model group rats, the small molecule metabolites level reflects a normal trend, and particularly for the curcumin group. Through metabonomics technology, 11 biomarkers associated with curcumin antidepressant effect were screened, and at the same time seven metabolic pathways were involved. The results showed that curcumin had antidepressant effects, which was evident in both macro and micro levels, comparable with positive drug of venlafaxine. The antidepressant effect of curcumin may be associated with the glycerol phospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, pentose and glucuronic acid ester and ether lipid metabolism, but still need further exploration in the future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230984

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of the licorice-processed Tripterygium wilfordii on reducing the liver toxicity. In animal experiments, the liver toxicity of T. wilfordii was evaluated both before and after processing, and the differences in liver tissue biopsy, serum biochemical indexes and inflammatory cell factor among blank group, T. wilfordii group and licorice-processed T. wilfordii group were observed. Liver tissue biopsy results showed that liver tissue injury was obvious in T. wilfordii group, and no obvious injury was found in licorice-processed T. wilfordii group. As compared with the blank group, the levels of AST, ALT and CRE were significantly increased (P<0.01), UREA was increased (P<0.05), and ALB level was significantly decreased (P<0.01) in the T. wilfordii group. As compared with T. wilfordii group, the levels of AST, ALT, CRE, and UREA were decreased (P<0.01), while ALB was increased (P<0.01) in the licorice-processed T. wilfordii group. The results of inflammatory factors in rats showed that the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in T. wilfordii group were significantly higher than those in blank group (P<0.01); the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in licorice-processed T. wilfordii group were significantly lower than those in T. wilfordii group (P<0.01). Overall, licorice processing of T. wilfordii can effectively reduce the liver toxicity and reduce the liver injury caused by T. wilfordii. The experiment can provide reference for the clinical rational use of the T. wilfordii, and provide data support for the studies on reducing the liver toxicity of T. wilfordii by licorice processing.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1077-1084, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779697

ABSTRACT

In this study, rats were used to evaluate the effect of Radix glycyrrhiza on reducing liver toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii. Metabonomics techniques were used to analyze the changes of small molecular metabolites and the metabolic pathways involved in the beneficial process. Different groups of rats were given for the extractions from Tripterygium wilfordii and Tripterygium wilfordii together with Radix glycyrrhiza. The general state, pathological changes of liver tissue, biochemical indexes of liver function and the changes of inflammatory factors in rats were observed. The results showed that the liver tissue injury of Tripterygium wilfordii group was significant, and the injury was reduced by Radix glycyrrhiza. Biochemical indexes and inflammatory factors also suggested that Tripterygium wilfordii together with Radix glycyrrhizaeffectively decreased the liver toxicity. HPLC-MS/MS-IT-TOF was used to characterize the difference of serum metabolism in rats. Multivariate statistical analysis was used to screen 15 potential biomarkers, such as fatty acid, glycerol ester, glycerol phosphate, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. It mainly involved in 7 metabolic pathways, such as glycerol phospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, alpha linoleic acid metabolism, and glycosyl phosphatidylinositol terminal biosynthesis. The results showed that the Tripterygium wilfordii compatibility of Radix glycyrrhizaeffectively decreased the liver toxicity induced by Tripterygium wilfordii. Phospholipid metabolism may be the key metabolic pathway of Tripterygium wilfordii hepatotoxicity and the target of Radix glycyrrhiza. This study provides a reference for the control of liver toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258442

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the spectrum-effect correlation analysis method was used to explore the main effective components of Tripterygium wilfordii for liver toxicity, and provide reference for promoting the quality control of T. wilfordii. Chinese medicine T.wilfordii was taken as the study object, and LC-Q-TOF-MS was used to characterize the chemical components in T. wilfordii samples from different areas, and their main components were initially identified after referring to the literature. With the normal human hepatocytes (LO2 cell line)as the carrier, acetaminophen as positive medicine, and cell inhibition rate as testing index, the simple correlation analysis and multivariate linear correlation analysis methods were used to screen the main components of T. wilfordii for liver toxicity. As a result, 10 kinds of main components were identified, and the spectrum-effect correlation analysis showed that triptolide may be the toxic component, which was consistent with previous results of traditional literature. Meanwhile it was found that tripterine and demethylzeylasteral may greatly contribute to liver toxicity in multivariate linear correlation analysis. T. wilfordii samples of different varieties or different origins showed large difference in quality, and the T. wilfordii from southwest China showed lower liver toxicity, while those from Hunan and Anhui province showed higher liver toxicity. This study will provide data support for further rational use of T. wilfordii and research on its liver toxicity ingredients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237720

ABSTRACT

In this paper, biomarkers of liver toxicity of Triptergium wilfordii based on metabolomics was screened, and mechanism of liver toxicity was explored to provide a reference for the clinical diagnosis for liver toxicity of Triptergium wilfordii. MS method was carried on the analysis to metabolic fingerprint spectrum between treatment group and control group. The potential biomarkers were compared and screened using the multivariate statistical methods. As well, metabolic pathway would be detailed description. Combined with PCA and OPLS-DA pattern recognition analysis, 20 metabolites were selected which showed large differences between model group and blank group (VIP > 1.0). Seven possible endogenous biomarkers were analyzed and identified. They were 6-phosphate glucosamine, lysophospholipid, tryptophan, guanidine acetic acid, 3-indole propionic acid, cortisone, and ubiquinone. The level changes of above metabolites indicated that the metabolism pathways of amino acid, glucose, phospholipid and hormone were disordered. It is speculated that liver damage of T. wilfordii may be associated with the abnormal energy metabolism in citric acid cycle, amino acid metabolism in urea cycle, and glucose metabolism. It will be helpful to further research liver toxicity ingredients of Triptergium wilfordii.


Subject(s)
Animals , Celastraceae , Chemistry , Metabolism , Toxicity , Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Toxicity , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283408

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare tuizhang gel to cure cataract, the characteristics of Tuizhang gel on the drug-releasing in vitro were evaluated by compared with Tuizhang oculentum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The emodin and chrysophanol in the releasing mediator were determined by HPLC, and the drug releasing characteristics of Tuizhang gel and Tuizhang oculentum were studied by bag filter method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The emodin and chrysophanol in Tuizhang gel released (98.3, 1.1)%, (95.8, 1.8)% within 24 hours, respectively, while those in tuizhang oculentum released (10.62, 0.7)%, (10.46, 0.4)%, respectively. The emodin and chrysophanol in Tuizhang gel released more quickly and completely than in Tuizhang oculentum, so Tuizhang gel has enhanced the bioavailability.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The Tuizhang gel is characterized by slow-release to some degree, and it shows a promising future on ophthalmic drug delivery.</p>


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Chemistry , Anthraquinones , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Delayed-Action Preparations , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Emodin , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Gels , Ointments , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Solubility , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 526-529, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323316

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect and safety of the recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in the treatment of male climacteric syndrome and to investigate the specificity and sensitivity of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and serum total testosterone as the curative effect index.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty patients aged 40-75 with male climacteric syndrome were divided into two groups randomly and injected with rhGH 4 IU (Group A) or 8 IU (Group B). The patients were followed up for about 12 weeks after 12-week treatment and then asked the questions of the assessed index of male climacteric syndrome at the 4th, 8th and 12th week of the treatment and 12 weeks after the treatment. The serum IGF-1, total testosterone (TT) and prostatic specific antigen(PSA) were measured before and after the treatment. The data were analysed by the software of SPSS 12.0 for Windows.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The scores of the 4th, 8th and 12th week and the follow-up significantly declined compared with the baseline (P < 0.01), but did not differ significantly between Groups A and B (P > 0.05). After the treatment, serum total testosterone, PSA and prostate volume had no obvious change (P > 0.05), and the IGF-1 level was markedly higher than the baseline and the normal public. No obvious side effect was found during the treatment and follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Small dosage of rhGH(4 IU/week) for 12 weeks can effectively treat male climacteric syndrome. The value of IGF-1 was parallel with the treatment effects. Short-time and small-dosage treatment with rhGH is safe and has little side effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Andropause , Follow-Up Studies , Human Growth Hormone , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Metabolism , Male , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Sensitivity and Specificity , Syndrome , Testosterone , Blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282258

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study in vitro dissolution rate of geniposide in Huangqin Qingfei dispersible tablet.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A reversed-phase HPLC method was developed for determination of geniposide. In vitro dissolution rates were compared between Huangqin Qingfei dispersible tablet and conventional tablet in the dissolution medium of pH 1.0, 2.85, 4.5, 6.8, and 8.0 accordingly. Zero-class model, single-index model, logarithm normal school model, and Weibull distributing model were used to simulate the dissolution curve.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The dissolution rate of two tablets is not affected by pH so much, and they can dissolve within 5 to 10 minutes. Weibull distributing model is the best simulation for in vitro dissolution. Comparing with conventional tablet, dispersible tablet dissolve quickly and completely.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The in vitro dissolution rate of geniposide in Huangqin Qingfei dispersible tablet conforms to Weibull distributing model. The dispersible tablet is able to release rapidly.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gardenia , Chemistry , Iridoids , Kinetics , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Pyrans , Scutellaria , Chemistry , Solubility , Tablets , Chemistry , Time Factors
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266761

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find the best condition of the preparation technology of Flos Magnoliae essential oil-beta-cyclodextrin inclusion complex.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>L9(3(4)) table was used to examine the effects of 4 factors, and the inclusion rate of each test was determined of orthogonal test.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The best condition was:oil:beta-cyclodextrin:water = 1:8:60 (mL:g:mL), stirring for 1 hour at 80 degrees C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The complex prepared on the condition aforementioned is stable and stirring has a highest inclusion rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Cyclodextrins , Drug Carriers , Drug Stability , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flowers , Chemistry , Magnolia , Chemistry , Oils, Volatile , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods , beta-Cyclodextrins
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263649

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate different methods by treating water-decocted liquid of 6 Chinese medical herbs and 4 co-prescription respectively with alcohol, ultrafilter, macroporousresin and clarifier.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The contents of target component in those extracts were determined with HPLC or titration, and quantitative and qualitative determination of the impurity components, such as polysaccharide and protein, was made.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Each method showed its advantages and disavantages.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Different method can be chosen according to the clinical and preparation demands or the characteristic of components.</p>


Subject(s)
Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Methods , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polysaccharides
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