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1.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 436-441, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689737

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the effects of Qiangjing Tablets (QJT) on sperm quality and the MAPK signaling pathway in the SD rat model of asthenospermia (AS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 100 male SD rats were randomly divided into five groups of equal number, blank control, AS model control, high-dose QJT, medium-dose QJT, and low-dose QJT. All the rats were intragastrically administered ORN at 200 mg/kg/d for establishment of the AS model except those in the blank control group, which were given 1% CMC sodium solution at 1 ml/100 g by gavage. Meanwhile the animals of the high-, medium-, and low-dose QJT groups were gavaged with QJT at 6700, 3300 and 1700 mg/kg/d, respectively, qd 6 days a week for 20 days. Then the testis issue and the apoptosis of the testicular cells were observed under the electron microscope, the expression of vimentin in the testis was determined with the immunohistochemical SP method, that of ERK1/2 detected by Western blot, and the concentration of TGF-β1 in the semen measured by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The AS model controls showed round nuclei of spermatocytes, homogeneously distributed chromatins, broken or lost mitochondria, and expanded rough endoplasmic reticulum in the testis tissue. In comparison, the rats of the high-, medium-, and low-dose QJT groups exhibited round nuclei of spermatocytes, homogeneously distributed chromatins, and well-structured mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum and ribosome, which were all similar those of the blank controls. Compared with the blank controls, the AS model rats manifested significantly increased expressions of ERK1/2 (1.00 ± 0.00 vs 1.26 ± 0.10, P<0.01) and vimentin (0.16 ± 0.01 vs 0.17 ± 0.01, P<0.01) and apoptosis rate of cells in the testis tissue ([9.20 ± 3.07] vs [42.20 ± 9.17] %, P<0.01), but decreased level of TGF-β1 in the semen ([627.67 ± 26.07] vs [566.73 ± 68.44] ng/ml, P<0.05). In comparison with the model controls, the rats of the high- and medium- -dose QJT groups presented remarkably down-regulated expressions of ERK1/2 (1.26 ± 0.10 vs 1.14 ± 0.08, P<0.01; 1.26 ± 0.10 vs 1.18 ± 0.05, P<0.05) and vimentin (0.17 ± 0.01 vs 0.16 ± 0.01, P<0.01; 0.17 ± 0.01 vs 0.17 ± 0.09, P<0.05) and decreased rate of cell apoptosis ([42.20 ± 9.17] vs [21.60 ± 5.94] %, P<0.01; [42.20 ± 9.17] vs [33.95 ± 6.39] %, P<0.05). The concentration of TGF-β1 in the semen was markedly lower in the high-dose QJT than in the AS model control group ([621.78 ± 30.80] vs [566.73 ± 68.44] ng/ml, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Qiangjing Tablets could improve semen quality in asthenospermia rats by acting against oxidative stress.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Asthenozoospermia , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Male , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Semen , Semen Analysis , Signal Transduction , Spermatozoa , Testis , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Vimentin , Metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232837

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the characteristics of uterine contraction and stages of labor during delivery under continuous epidural block anesthesia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totaling 213 parturients in spontaneous labor under epidural block anesthesia with dilated cervical orifice of 3 cm were monitored for the contraction cycle, duration, intensity and curve types of uterine contraction, and recordings were made for 30 min before and 30, 60 and 120 min after the anesthesia took effect, respectively. The duration of the active phase in the first, second and third stages of labor was compared between 421 cases with anesthesia and 237 without anesthesia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Significant difference was noted in the objective indexes of uterine contraction recorded after anesthesia had taken effect (P<0.05) in comparison with those before anesthesia, suggesting significantly attenuated uterine contraction after anesthesia, whereas these indexes underwent no significant further variation as compared between different time points after anesthesia (P>0.05). The average active phase in the first stage was significantly shorter in anesthesia group than that in the control group (P<0.05), but the average duration of the second and third stages of labor differed little between the two groups with appropriate use of oxytocin under strict monitoring (P>0.05). The rates of obstetric forceps utilization and use of oxytocin were higher in anesthesia group than in the control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Epidural block anesthesia produces certain influences on uterine contraction and stages of labor during delivery, for which appropriate treatment measures may prove beneficial.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia, Epidural , Methods , Anesthesia, Obstetrical , Methods , Female , Humans , Labor, Obstetric , Physiology , Pregnancy , Time Factors , Uterine Contraction , Uterus , Physiology
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