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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927896

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of continuous exercise training (CT) and high-intensity interval exercise training (HIIT) on liver lipid metabolism and the correlation of the level of fibroblast growth factor 21(FGF21) in serum and liver tissues. Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into normal diet group (N) and obesity model group (H) after 1 week of adaptive feeding. Rats in the obesity model group were fed with 45% high-fat diet for about 8 weeks, and 20% weight increase compared with normal rats was considered as obesity. The rats were divided into normal diet control group (LC), normal diet HIIT group (LHI), normal diet CT group (LCT), High fat diet-induced obese control group (OC), obese HIIT group (OHI), and obese CT group (OCT) (n=10). Exercised rats were given weight-bearing swimming training intervention for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at least 24h after the last exercise intervention to detect the serum levels of inflammatory factors and FGF21. Liver tissue samples were collected to detect the lipid content, lipid metabolic enzyme content and FGF21 expression level. Results: Compared with LC group, the body weight, serum inflammatory factors levels and hepatic triglyceride content were increased significantly (P<0.05). Hepatic triglyceride content was downregulated in LHI group and FGF21 expression level was enhanced in LCT group (P<0.05). Compared with OC group, the body weight and hepatic triglyceride content were decreased significantly (P<0.05), mitochondrial CPT-1β and β-HAD enzyme contents in liver were increased significantly (P<0.05) in OHI group, the contents of LPL and FAT/CD36 enzyme in liver and the levels of FGF21 in serum and liver of OCT group were increased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: Both exercise modes can reduce the body weight in normal and obese rats, and lipid deposition in the liver of obese rats. HIIT has a more significant effect on alleviating liver lipid deposition in obese rats by upregulating mitochondrial lipid oxidation level in normal and obese rats. CT improves the levels of FGF21 in serum and liver tissues of normal and obese rats, enhances enzyme contents that involved in fatty acids uptake to the liver, which has limited effect on alleviating lipid deposition in liver of obese rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Fatty Liver , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Male , Obesity/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906100

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the change in life style, social environment, and national childbearing policy, the proportion of high-risk pregnant women has increased significantly, triggering the spectrum of obstetric diseases to constantly change, which has brought new challenges to the diagnosis and treatment of obstetrics. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been proved effective in dealing with a variety of obstetric diseases, and various treatment methods are available, which can serve as alternative means for solving refractory obstetric diseases. However, most obstetric clinicians are currently less aware of the therapeutic effects of TCM, which has significantly hindered its participation in clinical treatment. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the outstanding young obstetricians of TCM and western medicine to discuss 15 obstetric diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, including hyperemesis gravidarum, threatened abortion, ectopic gestation, cough during pregnancy, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility, postpartum hypogalactia, residual pregnancy tissue in uterine cavity, puerperal infection, pantalgia after childbirth, hematoma/undesirable healing after caesarean section, postpartum urinary retention, ileus after cesarean section, pelvic floor dysfunction, and postnatal depression. The suggestions for their treatment with TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine were also proposed, aiming to provide patients with effective and personalized treatments in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of obstetric diseases, thus benefiting the public. At the same time, more obstetrical clinicians are expected to understand the therapeutic effects and advantages of TCM and draw on the strengths of both TCM and western, thereby promoting the establishment of an obstetric diagnosis and treatment system with Chinese characteristics.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906096

ABSTRACT

Objective:As the problem of global aging intensifies,postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) has become a global health problem among females. At present,the commonly used biological agents have been proved not suitable for long-term use due to multiple adverse reactions. Several Meta-analyses have confirmed the good safety and effectiveness of kidney-tonifying method against PMOP,but its therapeutic mechanism remains unclear. The purpose of this Meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of kidney-tonifying method on osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor(OPG)/receptor activator of nuclear transcription factor (NF)-<italic>κ</italic>B (RANK)/receptor activator of NF-<italic>κ</italic>B ligand (RANKL) signaling pathway in PMOP animal model,so as to provide an experimental basis for the treatment of PMOP with kidney-tonifying method. Method:The related articles were retrieved from PubMed,Ovid Medline,Embase,China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Chongqing Weipu Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP),and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform with the retrieval time set from their inception to January 2020. The quality of each included article was evaluated using the SYRCLE's risk of bias tool. Then RevMan 5.3 was utilized for Meta-analysis according to the Cochrane systematic review methodology. Result:Thirty-two studies involving 619 rats were included. The quality score of these studies ranged from 3 to 5 points. The results of the Meta-analysis indicated obvious advantages of kidney-tonifying method in increasing bone mineral density (BMD)[standardized mean difference (SMD)=2.01,95% confidence interval(CI)=1.50-2.52,<italic>P</italic><0.000 01]),serum OPG level (SMD=3.33,95% CI=2.59-4.07,<italic>P</italic><0.000 01),and OPG mRNA expression (SMD=11.81,95% CI=7.49-16.13,<italic>P</italic><0.000 01),promoting OPG protein production (SMD=4.95,95% CI=3.09-6.81,<italic>P</italic><0.000 01),reducing serum RANKL(SMD=-4.88,95% CI=-6.01--3.75,<italic>P</italic><0.000 01) and RANK levels (SMD=-7.30,95% CI=-9.53--5.07,<italic>P</italic><0.000 01),and down-regulating RANKL (SMD=-6.22,95%CI=-8.95--3.49,<italic>P</italic><0.000 01) and RANK mRNA (SMD=-3.18,95% CI=-6.19--0.18,<italic>P</italic><0.05) expression and RANKL protein expression in bone tissue (SMD=-3.99,95% CI=-5.47--2.50,<italic>P</italic><0.000 01). Conclusion:The kidney-tonifying method has been proved to possess potential advantages in regulating the balance of OPG/RANK/RANKL signaling pathway in PMOP animal model. Nevertheless,more large-sample sized,properly designed,and high-quality animal experiments are still needed for further verification.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943020

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) allows completely resecting deep submucosal tumors (SMTs) in the gastrointestinal wall, which has a broad application prospect in clinic. However, its application and promotion are limited by complex surgical procedures and high surgical risk. Various auxiliary traction techniques are expected to reduce the operation difficulty and risk of EFTR and improve its operative success rate. To provide a reference for clinicians, we summarize various auxiliary traction techniques in EFTR in this article. The clip-with-line method is simple to operate and widely used, whereas its traction is limited and there is a risk of clip falling off. The snare traction method and the clip-snare traction method has advantage of large traction force, but its thrust is affected by the hardness of snare. The traction point of the grasping forceps traction method is flexible and easy to adjust. Nevertheless, it requires the use of a dual-channel upper endoscope, which is difficult to operate. The transparent cap traction method and the full-thickness resection device traction method takes a short time and is easy to promote, whereas the resectable lesion is limited, and the size of the lesion may affect the success rate. In contrast, the suture loop needle-T-tag tissue anchors assisted method has a large resection range, but the operation is complicated and the feasibility has not been verified. The robot-assisted method has flexible operation and excellent visualization, whereas it is expensive and difficult to operate. There is no report of the application of magnetic anchor technology in EFTR, but it may have good application prospects in the auxiliary traction of EFTR.


Subject(s)
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Gastroscopy , Humans , Traction
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824956

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of An-pressing manipulation in improving post-stroke muscle spasticity, by observing the changes of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine (Gly) in plasma and gray matter of L1-L3 spinal cord anterior horn in post-stroke rats with muscle spasticity after An-pressing manipulation intervention. Methods: Ten of 80 adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly selected as the blank group, and the remaining 70 were used for modeling. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model was established by insertion suture occlusion method in the left external carotid artery. Thirty rats with a Longa neurological score of 2-3 points and a modified Ashworth spasticity scale score of 1-, 1+, or 2 were included in the experiment. Using the random number table method, the 30 successfully modeled rats were randomly divided into a model group, an An-pressing tendon group and an An-pressing muscle belly group. Two days after modeling, rats in the An-pressing tendon group and An-pressing muscle belly group received An-pressing manipulation on the tendon and belly of quadriceps femoris muscle respectively, with the pressure of (350±50) g and the frequency of 5 s/time, 15 min per session, once a day for 5 continuous days. After the 5th treatment, the tension of the rat quadriceps femoris muscle was evaluated using the modified Ashworth spasticity scale. The Gly levels in rat plasma and L1-L3 segments of spinal cord were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The GABA levels in rat plasma and L1-L3 segments of spinal cord were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results: The decrease in rat muscle tension scored by the modified Ashworth spasticity scale in the An-pressing tendon group was more significant than that in the An-pressing muscle belly group (P<0.01); the increases in Gly and GABA levels in the rat plasma and L1-L3 segments of spinal cord were more significant in the An-pressing tendon group than those in the An-pressing muscle belly group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Based on the theory of 'anti-stretch reflex' of tendon organs, the use of An-pressing manipulation to induce the 'anti-stretch reflex' by stimulating the tendon organs can improve the muscle spasticity of rats, which is better than An-pressing the muscle belly. Increased levels of Gly and GABA in rat plasma and L1-L3 segments of spinalcord may be one mechanism of An-pressing manipulation to improve muscle spasticity by stimulating tendon organs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774549

ABSTRACT

Based on the fact that glycyrrhizic acid can form micelles in aqueous solution and play a role in solubilization, the optimal compatibility ratio between puerarin and glycyrrhizic acid was screened to prepare puerarin-glycyrrhizic acid dispersible tablets and investigate the dissolution of puerarin. The particle size, Zate potential and puerarin dissolution were compared among the micellar solutions with mass ratio of 7∶1, 6∶1, 5∶1, 4∶1, 3∶1 and 2∶1(puerarin to glycyrrhizic acid), and it was found that when the mass ratio of puerarin and glycyrrhizic acid was 5∶1, the micelle showed smallest particle size, uniform distribution, and largest puerarin dissolution, so mass ratio of 5∶1 was determined as the optimal condition. The formulation of puerarin-glycyrrhizic acid dispersible tablets was optimized by single factor and orthogonal test: puerarin 100.0 mg, glycyrrhizin 20.0 mg, polyvinylpolypyrrolidone 24.0 mg as disintegrating agent, microcrystalline cellulose 135.0 mg as stuffing bulking agent, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose 18.0 mg as adhesive agent, magnesium stearate 2.7 mg as lubricant, and tablet weight of 300.0 mg. High-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method was used to determine the content of puerarin in dispersible tablets. Puerarin showed a good linear relationship(r=0.999 8) in the range of 15.5-248 g·L~(-1), with high precision(RSD<2.0%) and good repeatability(RSD<2.0%), and the recovery rate was 101.1%, RSD 0.89%. There was no significant difference in the quantity of puerarin in different batches of puerarin-glycyrrhizic acid dispersible tablets. When the artificial gastric juice was used as the dissolution medium, the dissolution of puerarin in puerarin-glycyrrhizic acid dispersible tablets could reach over 85% within 15 min. When phosphate buffer(pH 6.8) was used as the dissolution medium, the dissolution of puerarin in the puerarin-glycyrrhizic acid dispersible tablets had a faster dissolution rate in vitro, 99.8% in 30 min. Therefore, puerarin-glycyrrhizic acid dispersible tablets could improve the dissolution of puerarin in vitro due to the solubilization effect of glycyrrhizic acid.


Subject(s)
Glycyrrhizic Acid , Chemistry , Isoflavones , Chemistry , Solubility , Tablets
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal thermal effect parameter combination of An-pressing manipulation based on the pressing force, time and frequency, and to compare the thermal effect differences between the rhythmic and the continuous An-pressing manipulations. Methods:Three levels of light, moderate and heavy pressing forces were determined according to the An-pressing forces of the clinical tuina physicians; the pressing time and frequency parameters were determined according to the literatures about An-pressing manipulation. The volunteers were stimulated by the homemade An-pressing manipulation stimulator on the right Xinshu (BL 15), and then the three-factor and three-level orthogonal tests were carried out according to the test sequence specified by the L9(34) orthogonal table, and the temperature before and after pressing was recorded by an infrared thermal imaging system to screen the best parameters for the thermal effect of the An-pressing manipulation, thus to determine the optimal pressing parameters. The optimal parameters were then used for both continuous and rhythmic An-pressing manipulations to stimulate the bilateral Xinshu (BL 15). The temperature changes after pressing and the duration of the thermal effect (temperature difference ≤0.5℃ on both sides) were recorded by the infrared thermal imaging system, to explore the differences in the thermal effects of different An-pressing manipulations. Results:Among the three factors of pressing force, time and frequency, the influences of different pressing forces on temperature were significantly different (F=32.843,P=0.030), and the influence of 2.5 kg pressing force was the most significant; the effects of different pressing time on temperature were significantly different (F=54.102,P=0.018), and the pressing time of 7.5 min was the most significant; the influences of different pressing frequencies on temperature were not statistically significant (F=2.181,P=0.314), though the influence of 10 times/min pressing frequency was the largest. The influences on temperature difference of the rhythmic and the continuous An-pressing manipulations were significantly different (P=0.031 on the left side andP=0.045 on the right side), but there was no statistical difference in the duration of the thermal effect (P=0.690). Conclusion:The An-pressing manipulation parameters that significantly affect the temperature difference are pressing force and time. The optimal combination of thermal effect parameters is pressing force of 2.5 kg, time of 7.5 min, and frequency of 10 times/min. The local thermal effect of the rhythmic An-pressing manipulation is significantly greater than of the continuous An-pressing manipulation.

8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 780-784, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818323

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA is a special kind of endogenous non-coding RNA which is widely existing in eukaryotic cells. More studies confirmed that most circRNAs were produced in the process of RNA shearing and played a vital role in the occurrence and development of many diseases. Though there was not much research on circRNAs related to orthopaedic diseases in recent years, study found that circRNAs played a great significant role in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, target therapy of degenerative diseases(osteoarthritis, lumbar degenerative disease), metabolic diseases(osteoporosis) and motor system tumor(osteosarcoma). This study summarizes the research progress of circRNAs in orthopaedic diseases.

9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 437-443, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816815

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of ED in adult men with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, WanFang Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) Database for original articles relating the prevalence of ED among male IBD patients in the past 20 years, and performed meta-analysis on the identified studies.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 eligible studies involving 734 cases of IBD were included, of which the pooled prevalence of ED was 34.4% (95% CI: 30.8-38.1). Subgroup analyses showed that the incidence rate of ED was significantly higher in the patients with Crohn's disease than in those with ulcerative colitis (36.3% [95% CI: 30.1-42.9] vs 26.8% [95% CI: 21.9-32.3], P < 0.05), and in those with active than in those with remissive IBD (47.6% [95% CI: 38.3-57.2] vs 26.4% [95% CI: 22.0-31.4], P < 0.05). The prevalence of ED was the lowest in the patients with ulcerative colitis after treated by ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (17.2% [95% CI: 11.5-24.9]).@*CONCLUSIONS@#IBD is commonly associated with ED in male patients, and the risk of ED is increased in active IBD and decreased in remissive IBD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the influence of pressing force and time on the thermal effect of An-pressing manipulation.Methods:Eight healthy volunteers were recruited to receive An-pressing manipulation at Xinshu (BL 15) on the right side.The pressing force and time were both divided into five levels:the force described as extremely mild,mild,moderate,strong and extremely strong and time given by 2.5 min,5.0 min,7.5 min,10.0 min and 15.0 min.The real-time change in local acupoint temperature as well as the change during 1.0-15.0 min after the manipulation were observed.Results:Compared with the baseline data,the real-time changes in the temperature after An-pressing Xinshu (BL 15) on the right side with different levels of force (from mild to strong) were respectively (1.88t0.64) ℃,(2.05±0.68) ℃,(2.25±0.59) ℃,(2.35±0.61) ℃ and (2.32±0.69) ℃;the changes in 15.0 min after the manipulation were respectively (-0.11±0.11) ℃,(0.03±0.14) ℃,(0.59±0.58) ℃,(1.38±0.70) ℃ and (2.09±0.98) ℃.The real-time temperature changes after the manipulation for different durations (from short to long) were respectively (1.94±0.37) ℃,(2.33±0.29) ℃,(2.49±0.31) ℃,(2.51±0.39) ℃ and (2.41±0.55) ℃;the changes in 15.0 min after the manipulation were respectively (0.53±0.49) ℃,(0.33±0.30) ℃,(0.52±0.33) ℃,(0.55±0.38) ℃ and (0.76±0.36) ℃.Conclusion:The thermal effect presented an increasing tendency with the extension of pressing time,and the temperature reached the top at 7.5 min;the thermal effect showed an increasing tendency with the rise of pressing force,and the temperature reached the top upon a moderate level of force.The pressing time can produce a greater influence on the real-time temperature than the pressing force;the pressing force can produce a greater influence on maintaining the temperature than the pressing time.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of An-pressing manipulation on biceps brachii with delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in healthy male volunteers.Methods:A total of 30 male college student volunteers were randomly divided into a blank group,a model group and a treatment group,10 cases in each group.Subjects in the blank group did not receive any intervention;subjects in the model group received active weight-bearing eccentric exercise on the non-favored side of the upper limb to establish the models,while not receiving any treatment;subjects in the treatment group received both the same modeling and An-pressing manipulation treatment.The subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE),subjective soreness sensation threshold and soreness grade were evaluated before modeling,immediately after modeling,and 24,48,72,96 and 120 h after modeling.Serum total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) was measured before modeling,immediately after modeling,and 24,48 and 72 h after modeling.Serum creatine kinase MM isoenzyme (CK-MM) was measured before modeling and 24,48 and 72 h after modeling.Results:At 24,48,72 and 120 h after treatment,the soreness grades of the treatment group were lower than those of the model group (all P<0.05).The RPE scores of the treatment group were lower than those of the model group (all P<0.05) immediately after modeling,at 24,48,72,96 and 120 h after modeling.The subjective soreness sensation threshold of the treatment group was higher than that of the model group immediately after modeling,at 24,48,72 and 96 h after modeling (all P<0.05).Immediately after modeling,T-AOC value in the treatment group was higher than that in the model group and blank group (both P<0.05).CK-MM of the treatment group was lower than that of the model group at 48 h and 72 h after modeling (P<0.05).Conclusion:An-pressing manipulation shows a certain therapeutic effect on biceps brachii with DOMS by strengthening the body's antioxidant and anti-damage abilities,which can effectively reduce the pain and accelerate the recovery from fatigue damage.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1817-1821, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251297

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Small incision refractive lenticule extraction (SMILE) is an effective laser procedure that treats myopia. This research was to describe a novel approach to treat corneal ulcer or perforation using the corneal lenticules obtained from SMILE and to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of tectonic keratoplasty with femtosecond laser intrastromal lenticule (TEKIL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of twenty patients (22 eyes) were monitored for at least 6 months and were assessed using slit lamp microscopy, optical coherence tomography, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Postoperative complications throughout the study period were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Corneal ulcer in 14 patients (16 eyes) and corneal perforation in six patients (6 eyes) were treated with TEKIL. The patients were ten females and ten males, with a mean age of 58.5 ± 16.3 years (range: 16-81 years). In this study, the most causes of corneal ulcer or perforation were immunologic causes (54.5%). After TEKIL procedure, global integrity was achieved in all cases. No immune rejection or perforation was detected. The mean BCVA improved from 0.17 ± 0.20 preoperatively to 0.27 ± 0.25 postoperatively at the final follow-up (t = 2.095, P = 0.052). The postoperative BCVA improved in 12 eyes (54.5%) and maintained in nine eyes (40.9%). Vision function successfully maintained in all eyes (100%). In three cases, corneal ulcers were treated by reoperation of TEKIL at 3 months after the initial surgery for the reason that the residual corneal thickness was <250 μm.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TEKIL seems to be an effective treatment for corneal ulcer and perforation in the condition of emergency and donor shortage.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cornea , General Surgery , Corneal Perforation , General Surgery , Corneal Transplantation , Methods , Corneal Ulcer , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Acuity , Physiology , Young Adult
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812161

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to profile the chemical constituents of Zi-Shen pill (ZSP) and its metabolites in plasma, urine, and prostate tissue, after administration into rats. Based on the chromatographic retention behavior, fragmentation patterns of chemical components, published literatures, and literature databases, an UPLC-Q-TOF/MS (LC-TOF/MS) method was established to identify the components of ZSP and its metabolites in biological samples. A total of 101 compounds were identified and tentatively characterized from the ZSP, including alkaloids, xanthones, and timosaponins. Except for 33 prototype components, 22 metabolites were detected in the plasma, urine, and prostate, and mainly came from Phellodendri Amurensis Cortex and Anemarrhenae Rhizoma. It was found that glucuronidation and sulfation were the major metabolic processes of xanthones, while oxidation, demethylation, and glucuronidation were the major metabolic pathways of alkaloids. In summary, the present study provided important chemical information on the metabolism of ZSP, indicating that alkaloids might be able to be absorbed into the prostate. The results provided a basis for further studies of the mechanisms of action for ZSP.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Blood , Urine , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Male , Plasma , Chemistry , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Urine , Chemistry , Xanthones , Blood , Urine
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236369

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of catecholamine hormone on the blood and brain of heroin addicts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rats were divided into three groups and treated with the glucose (control group), the heroin (im) (heroin group), and the combination of the intramuscular injection of reserpine and heroin (reserpine group). Changes in the levels of the dopamine (DA), cAMP, and cGMP were detected by the radioimmunoassay (RIA) method in the blood and brain tissue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant withdrawal symptoms were observed in the reserpine group. Compared with the control and heroin groups, the blood cAMP levels were increased by 35.36% and 15.53% in the reserpine group, respectively; the cAMP levels in the midbrain ventral tegmental area (VTA), prefrontal cortex (PFC), and hippocampus (Hipp) were increased by 24.08% & 8.53%, 15.66% & 8.13%, and 21.95% & 8.40%, respectively. While compared to the control and heroin groups, the DA levels of the PFC, Hipp, striatum, and nucleus accumbens (NAc) were significantly reduced in the reserpine group, decreasing by 74.09% & 82.86%, 81.06% & 82.23%, 91.62% & 86.55% and 84.35% & 90.63%, respectively. The concentrations of cGMP of the brain tissues in the reserpine group were lower than those in the control group. In addition, the neural electrophysiological testing showed that the electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), and muscle spindle discharge diagram of rats in both the reserpine and heroin groups were apparently changed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Catecholamine hormone plays an important role in heroin addiction.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Catecholamines , Physiology , Cyclic AMP , Blood , Metabolism , Cyclic GMP , Blood , Metabolism , Dopamine , Blood , Metabolism , Heroin Dependence , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253913

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impacts of electroacupuncture on median nerve conduction velocity and morphology in patients of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and evaluate the efficacy of electroacupuncture on CTS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty cases of CTS were treated with electroacupuncture at Quchi (LI 11), Yangchi (TE 4), Shousanli (LI 10), Neiguan (PC 6) and Hegu (LI 4) on the affected side, combined with semiconductor laser irradiation at Shenmen (HT 7) and Yangxi (LI 5) on the affected side. The improvements in the symptoms and changes in nerve conduction velocity and ultrasound morphology were observed before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The clinical total effective rate was 96.7% (29/30). The median nerve conduction velocity was accelerated apparently and the amplitude was increased after treatment as compared with those before treatment, indicating the statistically significant difference (all P<0.001). The distal motor latency was shortened apparently (P<0.001) and the motor amplitude had no apparent change (P>0.05). The proximal median nerve swelling was relieved apparently after treatment (P<0.05) and the effective rate was 36.7% (11/30). There was no apparent difference in the ratio of the vertical and horizontal diameters of carpal tunnel after treatment as compared with that before treatment (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Electroacupuncture presents the positive repair function to the median nerve in the patients of CTS. It can effectively alleviate inflammatory reaction and relieve ischemia and swelling of nerve fibers. And it cannot induce the changes in morphology in a short term.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Therapeutics , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Median Nerve , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the expression and significance of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and p53 expression in rat degenerated intervertebral disc (IVD) tissues.@*METHODS@#A total of 78 even-aged Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (observation group) were chosen to establish a rat IVD degeneration model with anterior limbs and tail-removing method. Three months after modeling, rats were executed and degenerated IVD tissues were obtained for pathological biopsy so as to observe VEGF and p53 expression thereof. Meanwhile, IVD tissues from 8 healthy rats were gained for comparison.@*RESULTS@#Capillary infiltration was found in 62.8% of cases in observation group. Positive expression of VEGF and p53 was seen in 74.4% and 59.0% of cases respectively with a co-expression rate of 53.8%. VEGF and p53 expression in degenerated IVD tissues with capillary infiltration was higher than that in non-infiltration group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#A coordinate expression of VEGF and p53 in rat degenerated IVD tissues is demonstrated, indicating that they are both involved in neovascularization and infiltration, which accelerates IVD degeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chi-Square Distribution , Immunohistochemistry , Intervertebral Disc , Metabolism , Pathology , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 641-646, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354577

ABSTRACT

To identify the structure of three related substances in potassium sodium dehydroandrographolide succinate (PSDS), an HPLC preparation method was used to separate the impurities. These main impurities were identified using LC-ESI/TOFMS, LC-ESI/MSn, NMR, UV and IR. One of the main impurities was a hydrolyzed and oxidized product of PSDS, which has not been reported previouely. The other two impurities were hydrolyzed products of PSDS after losing different succinic acids. The results indicate that PSDS can be easily hydrolyzed and oxidized. It should be stored at cool and dry places.


Subject(s)
Andrographis , Chemistry , Antiviral Agents , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diterpenes , Chemistry , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313160

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic mechanism of Weiweifang (WWF, a Chinese herbal preparation) on gastric ulcer in rats viewing from metabonomics.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Wistar rats were made to gastric model by acetic acid cauterization and randomized into the model group, the spontaneously healing group and the three WWF treatment groups, and a group of normal rats was set for control. Metabolic spectra of gastric mucosa extraction of rats were acquired with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique. After being pre-processing, data were subjected to partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) to discover the biomarkers in rats of the normal group and the model group. The therapeutic effect of WWF on experimental gastric ulcer was assessed by principal component analyses (PCA), and its action of mechanism was explained viewing from the changes of biomarkers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Spectra of biomarkers, including organic acids, fatty acids, amino acids, etc. in model rats were statistically different to those in normal rats, which demonstrated that the energy and substance metabolisms were disordered in rats with gastric ulcer. WWF could cure gastric ulcer effectively by way of regulating the metabolism of gastric mucosa.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The therapeutic mechanism of WWF on experimental gastric ulcer in rats is revealed integrally by metabonomics in this study, displaying prominently the characteristics of Chinese medicine multiple targets comprehensive therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Amino Acids , Metabolism , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Fatty Acids , Metabolism , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Gastric Mucosa , Metabolism , Male , Metabolomics , Methods , Phytotherapy , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Stomach Ulcer , Drug Therapy , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328678

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate a modified midface lift for baggy deformity of low eyelid, zygomatic laxity, periorbital wrinkle and deep nasolabial groove.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Through the incision at palpebral margin for baggy eyelid, the dissection was performed under the periosteum of midface. The orbicularis oculi and zygomatic major muscles were suspended to lift the midface through the incision at temporal area.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the recent 5 years, 42 cases were treated with satisfactory results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The modified midface lift is easily performed with low morbidity and good safety. It is one of the best choices for mini-invasive midface rejuvenation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Eyelids , General Surgery , Facial Muscles , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Rhytidoplasty , Methods , Skin Aging
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1583-1587, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293956

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Previous reports have confirmed that edaravone has protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury of many organs. In this study, we investigated the effect of edaravone on preventing IR injury of the lung in a canine lung transplantation model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve weight-matched pairs of random-bred dogs were randomized into two groups. Within each pair, one dog served as donor and the other as recipient. In the study group, prostaglandin E1(PGE1)(8 microg/kg) was injected into the donor pulmonary artery (PA) before occlusion and the donor lungs were flushed with 1.0 L of LPD solution containing edaravone (10 mg/kg) and stored in the same LPD solution at a temperature of 1 degrees C for 8 hours. The left single lung transplantation was then performed and recipients received intravenous injection with edaravone (10 mg/kg) at the onset of reperfusion. In the control group, edaravone was substituted by the same volume of sterile saline solution. Another six dogs were obtained as normal control group in which left lungs were dissected after thoracotomy without an IR injury. One hour after reperfusion, or after dissection of the left lung, the right lung was excluded from perfusion and ventilation after which, cardiopulmonary parameters were measured. Wet/dry ratios, malondialdehyde (MDA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels were assessed and histological analysis of lung tissue performed at the same time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All animals survived until the end of the experiment. The study group showed significantly decreased wet/dry ratios (treated: (74.1 +/- 4.2)% vs control: (86.8 +/- 5.2)%, P < 0.01), MDA levels (treated: 0.50 +/- 0.08 vs. control: 0.88 +/- 0.15, P < 0.01) and MPO activity (treated: 0.23 +/- 0.05 vs. control: 0.43 +/- 0.07, P < 0.01) compared to the control group two hours after occlusion of the right side. In the control group, pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) was increased markedly and arterial oxygen partial pressure deteriorated significantly after exclusion of the right side compared to those in the treatment group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Edaravone attenuates IR-induced lung injury and preserves lung function by inhibiting oxidative stress and decreasing leukocyte extravasation in a canine lung transplantation model.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antipyrine , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Disease Models, Animal , Dogs , Lipid Peroxidation , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Lung Transplantation , Nitric Oxide , Oxidative Stress , Peroxidase , Metabolism , Reperfusion Injury
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