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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824493

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the therapeutic effect and prognostic factors of induction chemotherapy plus intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with or without consolidation chemotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods One hundred and eight patients with ESCC treated between January 2010 to August 2014 were analyzed retrospectively.All patients received IMRT and platinum-based chemotherapy.The overall survival (OS) and local control (LC) rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and the univariate prognostic analyses were tested by the Log-rank test.The Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.Results The follow-up rate was 97.2%.The 1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were 76.9%,50.9% and 32.3% respectively,and the LC rates were 73.6%,58.5% and 54.9% respectively.The median OS with and without consolidation chemotherapy were 51 and 15 months (x2 =5.076,P=0.024),respectively.Multivariate analysis showed that clinical N staging,recent curative effect and consolidation chemotherapy were important prognostic factors for OS,and recent curative effect was associated with LC.The rates of acute grade 3 radiation-induced esophagitis,gastrointestinal side effects,myelosuppression and radiation-induced pulmonary injury were 7.4%,6.5%,12% and 0.9%,respectively,and no grade 4 occurred.The late toxicity was mainly radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis.Conclusions Induction chemotherapy plus IMRT with or without consolidation chemotherapy is safe and effective in the treatment of ESCC.The addition of consolidation chemotherapy may help prolong the survival of some patients and further research is necessary.Individualized treatment should be selected for patients who cannot tolerate or refuse concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800167

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the therapeutic effect and prognostic factors of induction chemotherapy plus intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with or without consolidation chemotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).@*Methods@#One hundred and eight patients with ESCC treated between January 2010 to August 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received IMRT and platinum-based chemotherapy. The overall survival (OS) and local control (LC) rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and the univariate prognostic analyses were tested by the Log-rank test. The Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.@*Results@#The follow-up rate was 97.2%. The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 76.9%, 50.9% and 32.3% respectively, and the LC rates were 73.6%, 58.5% and 54.9% respectively. The median OS with and without consolidation chemotherapy were 51 and 15 months (χ2=5.076, P=0.024), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that clinical N staging, recent curative effect and consolidation chemotherapy were important prognostic factors for OS, and recent curative effect was associated with LC. The rates of acute grade 3 radiation-induced esophagitis, gastrointestinal side effects, myelosuppression and radiation-induced pulmonary injury were 7.4%, 6.5%, 12% and 0.9%, respectively, and no grade 4 occurred. The late toxicity was mainly radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis.@*Conclusions@#Induction chemotherapy plus IMRT with or without consolidation chemotherapy is safe and effective in the treatment of ESCC. The addition of consolidation chemotherapy may help prolong the survival of some patients and further research is necessary. Individualized treatment should be selected for patients who cannot tolerate or refuse concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 918-922, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662220

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical efficacy of Bikini incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty on elder patients with femoral head necrosis and its effect on bleeding.Methods Seventy-six elder patients with femoral head necrosis in Sanmenxia Central Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016 were randomly divided into the study group(38 cases)and the control group(38 cases).The patients in the study group were treated with Bikini incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty by anterior approach,while the control group underwent total hip arthroplasty by anterolateral approach.Harris score and WOMAC score were used to evaluate the clinical function of hip joint.The operation time,length of incision,intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion,hospitalization time,hemoglobin level at 72 h after surgery,the first ambulation time,the lower limb length discrepancy,postoperative complication were recorded and compared between two groups.Results The Harris scores at 1,2,4 months after operation in the two groups were significantly improved(P<0.05), while WOMAC scores of patients at 1,2,4 months after operation were significantly lower than those before treatment(P<0.05).However,there were no significant differences at different time between the groups(P>0.05).The hospitalization time and the first ambulation time in the study group were significantly shorter than those in the control group((6.1±2.8)d vs.(7.9±3.2)d,P=0.011;(5.3±1.5)d vs.(6.4±1.7)d,P=0.004).After 4 months of treatment,the lower limb length discrepancy in the study group was less than that of the control group((6.5 ± 2.3)mm vs.(10.4 ± 3.5)mm,P<0.01).In addition,there were no significant differences between two groups in the operation time,length of incision,complication occurrence,intraoperative blood loss and blood transfusion(P>0.05).Conclusion Treating femoral head necrosis with Bikini incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty can achieve favorable effectiveness,with no increase in intraoperative blood loss and rapid recovery of postoperative joint function,but further follow-up is needed.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 918-922, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659593

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical efficacy of Bikini incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty on elder patients with femoral head necrosis and its effect on bleeding.Methods Seventy-six elder patients with femoral head necrosis in Sanmenxia Central Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016 were randomly divided into the study group(38 cases)and the control group(38 cases).The patients in the study group were treated with Bikini incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty by anterior approach,while the control group underwent total hip arthroplasty by anterolateral approach.Harris score and WOMAC score were used to evaluate the clinical function of hip joint.The operation time,length of incision,intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion,hospitalization time,hemoglobin level at 72 h after surgery,the first ambulation time,the lower limb length discrepancy,postoperative complication were recorded and compared between two groups.Results The Harris scores at 1,2,4 months after operation in the two groups were significantly improved(P<0.05), while WOMAC scores of patients at 1,2,4 months after operation were significantly lower than those before treatment(P<0.05).However,there were no significant differences at different time between the groups(P>0.05).The hospitalization time and the first ambulation time in the study group were significantly shorter than those in the control group((6.1±2.8)d vs.(7.9±3.2)d,P=0.011;(5.3±1.5)d vs.(6.4±1.7)d,P=0.004).After 4 months of treatment,the lower limb length discrepancy in the study group was less than that of the control group((6.5 ± 2.3)mm vs.(10.4 ± 3.5)mm,P<0.01).In addition,there were no significant differences between two groups in the operation time,length of incision,complication occurrence,intraoperative blood loss and blood transfusion(P>0.05).Conclusion Treating femoral head necrosis with Bikini incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty can achieve favorable effectiveness,with no increase in intraoperative blood loss and rapid recovery of postoperative joint function,but further follow-up is needed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608412

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and adverse effects of hypofractionated radiotherapy versus conventionally fractionated radiotherapy for intermediate-to high-risk localized prostate cancer.Methods A literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP database, and Wanfang Data to collect the controlled clinical trials of hypofractionated radiotherapy versus conventionally fractionated radiotherapy in patients with intermediate-to high-risk localized PCa published up to August 31, 2016.Stata 12.0 was used for meta-analysis.The difference between two groups was estimated by calculating the hazard ratio (HR) or risk ratio (RR) with 95%confidence interval (CI).ResultsAccording to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 5 controlled clinical trials involving 1621 patients with PCa were included in this meta-analysis.The meta-analysis showed that overall survival (HR=1.00, 95%CI:0.85-1.17, P=0.980) and biochemical failure (RR=0.87, 95%CI:0.68-1.12, P=0.274) were comparable between the two groups.Compared with the conventionally fractionated radiotherapy, the incidence of acute gastrointestinal adverse events (grade≥2) was significantly higher in the hypofractionated radiotherapy (RR=1.94, 95%CI:1.23-3.06, P=0.004).However, there were no significant differences in the incidence of acute genitourinary adverse events (grade≥2)(RR=1.03, 95%CI:0.92-1.14,P=0.626), late gastrointestinal adverse events (grade≥2)(RR=1.17,95%CI:0.90-1.51, P=0.238), and late genitourinary adverse events (grade≥2)(RR=1.11, 95%CI:0.94-1.30, P=0.228) between the two groups.Conclusions Conventionally fractionated radiotherapy and hypofractionated radiotherapy have comparable therapeutic effects in patients with intermediate-to high-risk localized PCa.Although the patients treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy have a higher incidence of acute gastrointestinal adverse events than those treated with conventionally fractionated radiotherapy, the incidence of late gastrointestinal and genitourinary adverse events is comparable between the two groups of patients and the adverse effects are tolerable.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121885

ABSTRACT

Echinococcus granulosus is the causative agent of cystic echinococcosis with medical and veterinary importance in China. Our main objective was to discuss the genotypes and genetic diversity of E. granulosus present in domestic animals and humans in western China. A total of 45 hydatid cyst samples were collected from sheep, humans, and a yak and subjected to an analysis of the sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb) gene. The amplified PCR product for all samples was a 1,068 bp band. The phylogenetic analysis showed that all 45 samples were identified as E. granulosus (genotype G1). Ten haplotypes were detected among the samples, with the main haplotype being H1. The haplotype diversity was 0.626, while the nucleotide diversity was 0.001. These results suggested that genetic diversity was low among our samples collected from the west of China based on cytb gene analysis. These findings may provide more information on molecular characteristics of E. granulosus from this Chinese region.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Domestic/parasitology , Base Composition , Base Sequence , Cattle/parasitology , China , Cytochromes b/genetics , DNA, Helminth/genetics , Echinococcosis , Echinococcus granulosus/classification , Genetic Variation , Haplotypes/genetics , Humans , Mitochondria/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sheep/parasitology , Tibet
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210971

ABSTRACT

Dirofilaria immitis (heartworm) infections affect domestic dogs, cats, and various wild mammals with increasing incidence in temperate and tropical areas. More sensitive antibody detection methodologies are required to diagnose asymptomatic dirofilariasis with low worm burdens. Applying current transcriptomic technologies would be useful to discover potential diagnostic markers for D. immitis infection. A filarial homologue of the mammalian translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) was initially identified by screening the assembled transcriptome of D. immitis (DiTCTP). A BLAST analysis suggested that the DiTCTP gene shared the highest similarity with TCTP from Loa loa at protein level (97%). A histidine-tagged recombinant DiTCTP protein (rDiTCTP) of 40 kDa expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) showed immunoreactivity with serum from a dog experimentally infected with heartworms. Localization studies illustrated the ubiquitous presence of rDiTCTP protein in the lateral hypodermal chords, dorsal hypodermal chord, muscle, intestine, and uterus in female adult worms. Further studies on D. immitis-derived TCTP are warranted to assess whether this filarial protein could be used for a diagnostic purpose.


Subject(s)
Animal Structures/chemistry , Animals , Antibodies, Helminth/blood , Antigens, Helminth/chemistry , Cloning, Molecular , Dirofilaria immitis/chemistry , Disease Models, Animal , Dogs , Escherichia coli/genetics , Gene Expression , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Weight , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/chemistry , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Biomarkers, Tumor/chemistry
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14635

ABSTRACT

Taenia pisiformis is one of the most important parasites of canines and rabbits. T. pisiformis cysticercus (the larval stage) causes severe damage to rabbit breeding, which results in huge economic losses. In this study, the genetic variation of T. pisiformis was determined in Sichuan Province, China. Fragments of the mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb) (922 bp) gene were amplified in 53 isolates from 8 regions of T. pisiformis. Overall, 12 haplotypes were found in these 53 cytb sequences. Molecular genetic variations showed 98.4% genetic variation derived from intra-region. F(ST) and Nm values suggested that 53 isolates were not genetically differentiated and had low levels of genetic diversity. Neutrality indices of the cytb sequences showed the evolution of T. pisiformis followed a neutral mode. Phylogenetic analysis revealed no correlation between phylogeny and geographic distribution. These findings indicate that 53 isolates of T. pisiformis keep a low genetic variation, which provide useful knowledge for monitoring changes in parasite populations for future control strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Cytochromes b/genetics , Genetic Variation , Helminth Proteins/genetics , Humans , Mitochondria/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Rabbits , Taenia/classification , Taeniasis/parasitology
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