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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 171-185, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781543

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of obesity-associated conditions raises new challenges in clinical medication. Although altered expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) has been shown in obesity, the impacts of obese levels (overweight, obesity, and severe obesity) on the expression of DMEs have not been elucidated. Especially, limited information is available on whether parental obese levels affect ontogenic expression of DMEs in children. Here, a high-fat diet (HFD) and three feeding durations were used to mimic different obese levels in C57BL/6 mice. The hepatic expression of five nuclear receptors (NRs) and nine DMEs was examined. In general, a trend of induced expression of NRs and DMEs (except for and ) was observed in HFD groups compared to low-fat diet (LFD) groups. Differential effects of HFD on the hepatic expression of DMEs were found in adult mice at different obese levels. Family-based dietary style of an HFD altered the ontogenic expression of DMEs in the offspring older than 15 days. Furthermore, obese levels of parental mice affected the hepatic expression of DMEs in offspring. Overall, the results indicate that obese levels affected expression of the DMEs in adult individuals and that of their children. Drug dosage might need to be optimized based on the obese levels.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 384-392, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309944

ABSTRACT

Isoniazid (INH) is highly effective for the management of tuberculosis. However, it can cause liver injury and even liver failure. INH metabolism has been thought to be associated with INH-induced liver injury. This review summarized the metabolic pathways of INH and discussed their associations with INH-induced liver injury.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475797

ABSTRACT

This paper summarized the characteristics, rehabilitation needs, and situation and problems of stroke dysfunction in China. Approaches and methods of family rehabilitation were also discussed.

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