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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 509-513, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394824

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate T2WI sequence and liver acquisition with volume acceleration (LAVA) technique in the diagnosis of early endometrial carcinoma on 3.0 T MR scanner. Methods Twenty-seven patients with endometrial carcinoma confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed. MRI sequences included axial T1WI and sagittal T2WI with fat saturation, axial and sagittal LAVA scanning including four phases: early arterial phase, late arteral phase, parenchymal phase and delayed phase. The tumor location, signal features, and myometrial infiltration by tumor were recorded and preoperative staging was compared with pathologic results. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy of T2WI and LAVA in diagnosing endometrial carcinoma was assessed. The accuracy of the evaluation of the deep myometrium infiltration was compared between the two sequences using Fisher's exact test. Results According to Federation International of Gynecologie and Obstetrigue (FIGO) standard, 27 patients with endometrial carcinoma were classified as: stage Ⅰ in 22 cases, stage Ⅱ in 5 cases. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values in assessing deep myometrium infiltration were 70.0% (7/10), 94. 1% (16/17), 87. 5% (7/8), 84. 2% (16/19) respectively for T2WI sequence. Its accuracy in assessing myometrium invasion was 85.2% (23/27). The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were 80. 0% (8/10), 94. 1% ( 16/17 ), 88. 9% (8/9), 88. 9% ( 16/18 ) respectively for LAVA sequence, and the accuracy was 88.9% (24/27). There was no statistical difference of accuracy between two techniques( P = 1.00). Conclusion 3.0 T MR T2WI sequence has important role in diagnosing early endometrial carcinoma, and LAVA technique is highly valued in preoperative diagnosis and staging in early endometrial carcinoma for myometrium infiltration.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574005

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the change of pancreatic hemocirculation in patients with acute pancreatitis by magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) and to explore its relationship with pancreatic severity. Methods With a prospective investigation method, APACHEⅡscores, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) scores, Binder scores and C-reactive protein (CRP) values were recorded within 72 h in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP,n=15) and mild acute pancreatitis (MAP,n=17), while other 19 volunteers were as controls. MRP were performed on 32 patients and 19 controls. Patients in SAP group were evaluated by above criteria after two-weeks treatment and MRP were performed in 12 of them. All cases with bolus injection of Gd-DTPA (0.2 mol/kg) were scanned by transversal same slice and fast spoil phase gradient echo. Three groups datum of MIR and MSR were gained by ROI time-signal graphy of pancreatic head, body and trail which were calculated by Perfxproject software. Results ① The rates of MIR and MSR in SAP group were lower than MAP group (P0.05).Conclusion MRP is an objective imaging technique, which can reflect the hemocirculatory variety in acute pancrea-titis.It may have a considerable value in evaluating the severity of acute pancratitis.

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