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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 483-488, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920918

ABSTRACT

Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is a digestive system malignancy with extremely poor prognosis, and the survival time of patients with BTC has been prolonged with the development of various treatment methods in recent years. This article reviews the current status and advances in surgery, systemic therapy, radiotherapy, and interventional therapy for BTC, so as to provide a reference for the treatment of BTC in clinical practice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 524-529, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of synthetic MRI combined with three dimensional-arterial spin labeling (3D-ASL) imaging in the grading of diffuse glioma and its correlation with tumor cell proliferative activity (Ki-67).Methods:This study was prospective. The clinical and imaging manifestations of 66 patients with diffuse glioma who underwent synthetic MRI combined with 3D-ASL imaging from August 2020 to June 2021 in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University were analyzed. Among 66 patients, there were 36 males and 30 females, aged 4-76 years, and divided into low grade glioma (LGG) group ( n=25) (WHO Ⅱ) and high grade glioma (HGG) group ( n=41) (WHO Ⅲ and vⅣ). T 1, T 2, proton density (PD) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) of tumor parenchyma were measured by GE ADW4.7 postprocessing software. The Ki-67 label index (Ki-67 LI) in postoperative pathological sections was detected by immunohistochemistry. Independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences of quantitative parameters between HGG group and LGG group. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of T 1, PD, CBF and the combination. Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between the parameters and Ki-67 label index (LI). Results:T 1[(1 573±173)ms], PD[(86.2±2.4)pu] and CBF[(129±48)ml·100 g -1·min -1] in HGG group were significantly higher than those in LGG group [(1 376±134)ms, (83.0±2.5)pu and (77±49)ml·100g -1·min -1 respectively], and difference had statistical significance ( t=-4.86, -5.08, -4.24, P<0.01). ROC confirmed that the area under curve (AUC) of T 1, PD and CBF in differentiating HGG from LGG were 0.847, 0.843 and 0.777, respectively. In multi-parameter analysis, the combination of three parameters had the best diagnostic efficiency (AUC=0.973) and the sensitivity and specificity were 87.8% and 100%, respectively. In LGG and HGG groups, there was no correlation between T 1, T 2, PD, CBF and Ki-67 LI. In the overall cohort, T 1, PD and CBF had slight positive correlation with Ki-67 LI ( r=0.394, 0.411 and 0.406, respectively, all P<0.01). There was no correlation between T 2 and Ki-67 LI ( r=-0.100, P=0.423). Conclusion:Synthetic MRI and 3D-ASL can noninvasively evaluate the pathological grade of glioma and predict the expression of Ki-67, among which T 1 and PD are novel imaging marks.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930489

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of a case of occult pulmonary actinomycosis with foreign body admitted to Shenzhen Children′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literatures were retrieved and reviewed.A female patient aged 6 years and 9 months planned to receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation due to thalassemia.During the plain chest CT examination before the transplantation, flakes of shadows were examined in the right lower lung.The child had no clinical symptoms or pulmonary signs.The granulation tissue hyperplasia of the right lower lobe was detected by tracheoscopy, which was harvested for examination under tracheoscopy, and actinomycete infection was confirmed.Several bone fragments were found wrapped inside the granulation.After 6 months of treatment with Amoxicillin and Clavulanate potassium, the tracheoscopic manifestations and chest CT were improved.Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare pulmonary infectious disease, which is much rarer in children than adults, manifesting as an insidious onset and atypical clinical manifestations.However, foreign bodies in children′s airway are common, which is favorable to infection.In clinical detection of actinomycete infection, the cause of infection should be concerned to prevent misdiagnosis and mistreatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923821

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of intensive hip adductor isometric strength training on the balance ability of functional ankle joint instability. Methods From November, 2019 to January, 2020, 18 college students with functional ankle instability were recruited from a university in Shenzhen and randomly divided into control group (n = 9) and experimental group (n = 9). Both groups received ankle stability training, and the experimental group received isometric muscle strength training of hip adductor in addition, one hour a time, three times a week, for four weeks. The Cumberland Ankle Instability Assessment Questionnaire (CAIT), Y Balance Test (YBT), Balance-check balance equipment and Back-check hip adductor maximum isometric strength test were performed before and after training. Results After training, the scores of CAIT, YBT and balance-check increased in both groups (t > 2.540, P < 0.05); the strength of adductor hip muscle significantly increased in the experimental group (t = 8.485, P < 0.001). The d-value of CAIT score, YBT distance, the score of Balance-check, and the strength of adductor hip muscle were more in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.168, P < 0.05); the d-value of the average rotation speed, the maximum rotation speed and the balance level were less in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.804, P < 0.05). Conclusion Hip adductor isometric muscle strength training may promote the recovery of the balance after functional ankle instability.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 542-546, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876363

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand knowledge, attitude and behavior toward Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) among middle school students in Wuhan, in the phase of normalized control and prevention of COVID 19, so as to provide evidence for further health education.@*Methods@#In January 2021, cluster random sampling method was used to select one middle school from Hongshan and Dongxihu District, as well as Donghu high tech zone, respectively. By using the "questionnaire star" platform, questionnaire QR code were sent to students through QQ or wechat by schools. A total of 4 531 middle school students were investigated.@*Results@#Preventive knowledge and behavior rate was 71.5% (3 238) and 56.0% (2 537), respectively. Preventive behaviors towards COVD 19 was reported in 56.0% (2 537) of participants. Students with parents as health care workers reported higher preventive behaviors(P<0.05).Girls had a higher rate of possession of health knowledge for prevention and control than boys. Compared with "essentially no concern about the epidemic","students with less concern about the epidemic" and "those with similar concern as 2020" were more likely to have higher awareness of health knowledge for prevention and control. Compared with the first-year junior middle school students, high school students were less likely to have the rates of knowledge for prevention and control health [OR(95%CI)=1.24(1.09-1.43),2.56(1.54-4.25),3.30(1.99-5.48),0.49(0.39-0.62),0.45(0.36-0.57),0.63(0.46-0.88)].In terms of health behavior rate, middle school students whose mothers are undergraduates, whose incomes were more than 8 001-15 000 and 15 000 yuan, "whose attention to epidemic situation has declined" , "whose attention is the same as that in 2020" , "who did not plan to study medicine before" , "who are determined to study medicine, and who plan to study medicine more firmly after epidemic situation " were more likely to have health behavior,[OR(95%CI)=1.29(1.04-1.60),1.39(1.07-1.82),1.74(1.32-2.29),1.77(1.06-2.96),3.47(2.08-5.81)] ,The grade-2 high middle school students had lower probability of preventing and controlling health behaviors [OR(95%CI)=0.74(0.60-0.90)](P<0.05). Preventive knowledge and behaviors towards COVID 19 are mainly from school education, communication with parents and mobile learning.@*Conclusion@#Preventive knowledge and behaviors towards COVID 19 among Wuhan middle school students are needed to be improved and targeted health education should be implemented accordingly.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the genetic etiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment of a child with pancytopenia, failure to thrive and pulmonary infection.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted. Genetic variants associated with hematological diseases were detected by high-throughput sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Three variants of TCN2 gene were found, one of which located in exon 5 upstream(c.581-8A>T), the parents has carried this variant; one in exon 6 (c.924_927del), the variant was originated from the mother; one in exon 7 (c.973C>T), the variant has ocurred de novo. The variants pathogenic analysis combined with clinical manifestation, pancytopenia, the increase in methylmalonic acid level and increased homocysteine, the child was diagnosed with transcobalaminIIdeficiency. The patient presented with respiratory infection, which was confirmed to be pneumocystosis by lung radioscopy and pathogenic high-throughput sequencing of broncho-alveolar lavage fluid. The patient presented with acute respiratory distress syndrome during the treatment with intramuscular injection of vitamin B@*CONCLUSION@#We reported a case of Chinese child with TCNII deficiency due to novel gene variant, and analyzed the pathogenicity of the three variants. The treatment of TCNII deficiency with cobalamin should be individualized.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Child , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Rare Diseases , Transcobalamins/genetics , Vitamin B 12
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily investigate the relationship between the mechanism of sevoflurane-induced cerebral neurotoxicity and receptors of 5-HT 1A and 5-HT 3 in aged rats. Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 18-20 months, weighing 600-750 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: group C, group LS and group HS.In group C, group LS and group HS, 50% O 2, 1.5% sevoflurane plus 50% O 2 and 3% sevoflurane plus 50% O 2 were inhaled for 2 h, respectively.Open field test was performed at 1 day before inhalation of sevoflurane and at 1 day after the end of inhalation, the time spent in the central square, the number of crossing the grid and the number of standing on the back legs were recorded.The Morris water maze test was performed at 6 days before inhalation of sevoflurane and at 1 day after the end of inhalation, the escape latency, the total swimming distance and the number of crossing the platform were recorded.Immediately after the end of behavioral testing, the hippocampal tissues were obtained for determination of 5-HT 1A and 5-HT 3 receptors mRNA expression and the number of positive cells (using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay and immunohistochemical method). Results:Compared with group C, the time spent in the central square was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the grid and the number of standing on the back legs were decreased, the escape latency was prolonged, the total swimming distance was increased, the number of crossing platform was decreased, the mRNA expression of 5-HT 1A and 5-HT 3 was down-regulated, and the number of positive cells was decreased in HS group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism of cerebral neurotoxicity induced by sevoflurane may be related to the down-regulation of the activities of 5-HT 1A and 5-HT 3 receptors in aged rats.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 655-659,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the usefulness and advantages of needle-type choledochotomy in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration.Methods:A retrospective analysis for the data of 1 107 patients who successfully implemented laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in Subei People′s Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2020 were applied. All cases were divided into the study group 662 cases with needle-type choledochotomy) and the control group (445 cases with non-needle-type choledochotomy) according to the manipulation of common bile duct incision. The time-cost, incidences of bleeding and bile leakage, as well as the recurrence rate of bile duct stone and the incidence of bile duct stenosis were observed and compared between the two groups. Normally distributed data were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD) and compared by t test while count data were expressed as frequency or percentage and compared by chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Results:The bile duct incision time and bleeding rate were (14.45±2.46) s and 25.1% in the study group, (104.48±15.32) s and 68.1% in the control group, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.001). The incidence of stone recurrence, biliary leakage, and bile duct stricture were 3.0%, 3.6% and 0.3% in the study group, 4.9%, 5.6% and 0.4% in the control group, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Needle-type bile duct incision can be used as a routine manipulation in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration for its time-saving, less bleeding, safe and easy to handling.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2939-2942, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906894

ABSTRACT

Thermal ablation, including radiofrequency ablation and microwave ablation, is a frequently used method for local treatment of primary liver cancer with a marked clinical effect, and it has been widely used in clinical practice in recent years. Diaphragmatic hernia is a rare complication of thermal ablation, but its incidence rate tends to gradually increase in recent years. This article reviews the cases of diaphragmatic hernia after thermal ablation for primary liver cancer in China and globally and elaborates on possible risk factors, diagnosis and treatment, and prevention strategies, so as to improve the understanding of diaphragmatic hernia after thermal ablation for primary liver cancer among clinicians and achieve the goal of preoperative prevention, rapid diagnosis and intervention, and reduced mortality rate.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of syncope unit in improving the diagnosis efficiency and treatment prognosis of patients with suspected syncope.Methods:The standardized syncope unit was established in the Affiliated Nanyang Second General Hospital of Xinxiang Medical College in 2018. Patients with suspected syncope attending from November 2018 to April 2019 (before the establishment of syncope unit) and from May to October 2019 (after the establishment of syncope unit) were enrolled in the study. There were 109 cases attending before the establishment of syncope unit (control group) and 126 cases attending after establishment (syncope unit group). The positive rate of examination, the treatment and its cost before and after the establishment of syncope unit were compared. After one year, the follow-up rate, recurrence rate, rehospitalization rate, treatment satisfaction and quality of life of patients were documented and compared between two periods.Results:The positive rates of tilt table test [61.90%), Holter monitoring [64.29%(81/126)], exercise stress test [7.14%(9/126)] invasive electrophysiology [40.48%(51/126)], cardiac imaging [9.52%(12/126)] and 24-h blood pressure monitoring [55.56%(70/126)] in syncope unit group were significantly higher than those in control group [44.95%(49/109), 36.70%(40/109), 5.50%(6/109), 10.09%(11/109), 2.75%(3/109) and 40.37%(44/109); χ2=19.28, 23.11, 6.93, 28.18, 15.85 and 11.61,respectively; all P<0.01]. The diagnostic rate of etiology in syncope unit group was significantly higher than that in control group [87.30%(110/126) vs. 77.06%(84/109), χ2=21.70, P<0.01].The time from onset to cardiac assessment and hospitalization time in syncope unit group were significantly shorter than those in control group[(3.68±1.93)h vs. (7.31±2.64)h;(6.17±1.52)d vs. (10.83±2.09)d]. The hospitalization rate [3.17%(4/126) vs. 8.26%(8/109)], hospital mortality [0.79%(1/126) vs. 2.75%(3/109)] and treatment cost [(4.91±1.14) thousands Yuan vs. (7.05±2.53) thousands Yuan] in syncope unit group were significantly lower than those in control group ( t=14.49, P<0.01; t=8.62, P=0.02;χ2=15.83, P<0.01;χ2=10.03, P=0.01; t=6.17, P=0.03).The outpatient follow-up rate [82.54%(104/126)] and treatment satisfaction rate [91.35%(95/104)] in syncope unit group were significantly higher than those in control group [61.47%(67/109) and 64.18%(43/67)]; and the recurrence rate [14.42%(15/104)] and rehospitalization rate [7.69%(8/104)] in syncope unit group were significantly lower than those in control group [40.30%(27/67) and 23.88%(16/67)](χ2=17.30, 20.37, 18.56, 15.08,all P<0.01). The scores of psychological status, physiological status, environmental status, social relations and overall quality of life in contral group were significantly lower than those in syncope unit group (43.62±12.84 vs. 59.13±13.95,43.10±11.31 vs. 5.86±12.09,52.35±12.76 vs. 63.58±13.05,54.87±12.08 vs. 67.91±14.23,58.42±11.87 vs. 69.28±13.51; t=7.74, P=0.03; t=7.50, P=0.03; t=8.66, P=0.02; t=9.77, P=0.01; t=8.46, P=0.02, respectively). Conclusion:The establishment of standardized syncope unit is helpful to improve the diagnosis efficiency and the prognosis of patients with suspected syncope, and also reduce the cost of diagnosis and treatment.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 45-51, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and significance of serum osteoprotegerin and related inflammatory factors in patients with coronary heart disease.Methods:According to case-control study method, 236 subjects with chest pain admitted to Nanyang Second General Hospital Affiliated to Xinxiang Medical University from March 2018 to July 2019 were collected.According to the results of coronary angiography, they were divided into 132 cases of coronary heart disease group and control group(non-coronary Patients with heart disease) 104 cases.Questionnaire survey to collect general data of patients; 5 mL of fasting peripheral venous blood was collected in the morning, and serum was collected by centrifugation.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect osteoprotegerin and monoclonal antibody to receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B(RANK) ligand, interleukin 6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) levels.Results:The levels of serum osteoprotegerin, IL-6, C-reactive protein, IGF-1, MCP-1, and MMP-9 in patients with coronary heart disease were (1.85±0.49) μg/L, (65.93±5.18) ng/L, (15.74±2.52) mg/L, (725.19±13.36) μg/L, (302.16±15.92) μg/L and (58.31±7.94) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in control group (1.42±0.44) μg/L, (47.56±3.51) ng/L, (1.91±0.67) mg/L, (228.61±12.05) μg/L, (246.39±10.28) μg/L and (37.09±4.76) μg/L.Soluble RANK ligand (332.69± 14.91) ng/L was significantly lower than the control group (380.85±19.56) ng/L.The difference was statistically significant (t value were 4.739, 21.065, 29.721, 27.637, 18.911, 16.463 and 17.085, respectively, all P<0.05). The levels of serum osteoprotegerin, IL-6, C-reactive protein, and IGF-1 were statistically significant among different lesion groups (all P<0.05). The levels of osteoprotegerin, IL-6, C-reactive protein and IGF-1 in three vessel disease group ((2.05±0.51) μg/L, (80.96±25.70) ng/L, (19.79±2.03) mg/L, (849.07±18.95) μg/L) were significantly higher than the double-vessel disease group ((1.83±0.45) μg/L, (62.74±20.61) ng/L, (13.82±1.75) mg/L, (714.84±19.06) μg/L) and single-vessel disease group ((1.61±0.42) μg/L, (53.09±18.37) ng/L, (9.67±1.40) mg/L, (507.51±17.83) μg/L), and the double-vessel disease group was significantly higher than the single-vessel disease group, the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate unconditional Logistic regression analysis showed that serum osteoprotegerin and IGF-1 are the influencing factors of coronary heart disease.ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of serum osteoprotegerin was 0.827.At the best cut-off point of 1.54 μg/L, the diagnostic sensitivity was 84.09% (111/132) and the specificity was 73.48% (97/132) ; the AUC of serum IGF-1 was 0.883, which was at the best cut-off point.At 395.78 μg/L, the diagnostic sensitivity was 71.21% (94/132) and the specificity was 96.21% (127/132). Conclusion:Serum osteoprotegerin and related inflammatory factor IGF-1 are influential factors in the occurrence of coronary heart disease, and are positively correlated with the severity of coronary artery disease, and have a good diagnostic value for the occurrence of coronary heart disease.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 324-328, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883881

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the incidence of syncope in patients with acute and critical cardiovascular diseases and to explore the risk factors of death.Methods:925 cases of acute heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, arrhythmia and aortic dissection rupture who participated in Prospective, Multi-CenterRegistered Research Project for Chinese Syncope Patients from March 2018 to March 2020, admitted to the department of emergency of Nanyang Second General Hospital were selected as the research objects. The incidence and mortality of syncope were recorded, and the patients were divided into syncope group and non-syncope group according to whether they were accompanied by syncope or not. The incidence of syncope in male and female patients with different cardiovascular critical diseases, the age and mortality of cardiovascular critical patients with syncope or not were analyzed and compared. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of death, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of risk factors on the prognosis of patients.Results:The incidence of syncope in 5 kinds of cardiovascular critical patients from high to low was: acute myocardial infarction 3.03% (28/925), arrhythmia 2.70% (25/925), pulmonary embolism 1.51% (14/925), aortic dissection rupture 1.41% (13/925), acute heart failure 0.65% (6/925), with statistically significant differences ( χ2 = 10.765, P = 0.010). There was no significant difference in the incidence of syncope between male and female patients with pulmonary embolism, aortic dissection rupture, acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia and acute heart failure. The age of patients with aortic dissection rupture, acute myocardial infarction and arrhythmia in syncope group were significantly higher than those in non-syncope group [aortic dissection rupture (years old): 66.29±15.64 vs. 57.63±14.23, acute myocardial infarction (years old): 69.55±15.13 vs. 62.10±15.75, arrhythmia (years old): 70.48±14.93 vs. 60.29±16.31, all P < 0.05]. The mortality of patients with pulmonary embolism, aortic dissection rupture, acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, acute heart failure in syncope group were significantly higher than those in non-syncope group [pulmonary embolism: 5.81% (5/86) vs. 0.95% (8/839), aortic dissection rupture: 4.65% (4/86) vs. 0.60% (5/839), acute myocardial infarction: 4.65% (4/86) vs. 1.19% (10/839), arrhythmia: 2.33% (2/86) vs. 0.95% (8/839), acute heart failure: 2.33% (2/86) vs. 0.60% (5/839), all P < 0.05]. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio ( OR) = 2.158, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.921-4.785, P = 0.000], pulmonary embolism ( OR = 15.391, 95% CI was 8.904-27.314, P = 0.001), aortic dissection rupture ( OR = 13.079, 95% CI was 6.237-25.509, P = 0.000), acute myocardial infarction ( OR = 18.826, 95% CI was 10.420-32.921, P = 0.000), syncope ( OR = 4.940, 95% CI was 1.764-9.287, P = 0.000) were risk factors for the prognosis of patients with acute and critical cardiovascular diseases. ROC curve analysis showed that syncope had a certain predictive value for 28-day prognosis of patients [the area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.760, P = 0.000], when the cut-off value was 4.12, the sensitivity was 88.51%, the specificity was 78.05%, the positive predictive value was 81.31%, and the negative predictive value was 84.27%. Conclusions:Syncope is an independent risk factor of death in patients with acute and critical cardiovascular diseases. For patients with syncope as the chief complaint, we should quickly identify the types of acute and critical diseases and assess the risk of sudden death.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883604

ABSTRACT

Objective:In the teaching practice based on "Internet+", there are relatively few studies on the transformation of learners' learning styles. This paper focuses on the practical factors that may affect the change of students' learning style in the teaching process of blended learning.Methods:Taking students from Batch 2017 of Inner Mongolia Medical University as the teaching objects who taught by blended learning, by means of questionnaire survey, interview, course performance analysis and other methods, this paper discusses the influence of students' learning style on learning effect and possible influencing factors in the process of blended learning.Results:In the process of teaching, students' learning styles have a profound impact on the learning effect to some extent. Therefore, the subjective and objective factors that affect students' learning style should be paid attention to.Conclusion:With the popularization of "Internet + education", the ways and environment of traditional education have undergone great changes. In the process of blended learning reform, teachers should pay more attention to learning styles of students, so as to better improve the teaching effect.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of family caregiver empowerment intervention model on discharge preparation and quality of life of patients with lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy.Methods:From January 2019 to January 2020, 84 lung cancer patients who received chemotherapy in the Department of Respiratory Medicine in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were selected, each patient chose one family primary caregiver. It was divided into the control group and the intervention group by the draw method with 42 cases in each group. The control group received routine nursing intervention of internal medicine chemotherapy, and the intervention group received empowerment intervention of main family caregivers on the basis of the control group. The effect of family caregiver empowerment intervention mode were investigated by observing the discharge readiness and quality of life of lung cancer patients.Results:There was no significant difference in the preparation for discharge and quality of life between the two groups before intervention ( P>0.05); after three cycles intervention, the total scores of discharge readiness and quality of life in the intervention group were (76.30±2.80), (94.05±3.70), which were significantly better than those in the control group(73.02±3.73), (87.44±4.18), and the differences were statistically significant ( t values were -4.464, -7.527, P<0.01). Conclusions:Empowerment intervention model of family caregivers can improve the discharge readiness and quality of life of lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of blood oxygen level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) to the protection of language function in patients with unilateral frontal and temporal lobes glioma receiving postoperative intensity modulation radiation therapy (IMRT).Methods:A total of 27 patients with unilateral frontal and temporal lobe gliomas were treated with postoperative radiotherapy. The planning CT and BOLD-fMRI were performed before radiotherapy, and the language functional areas were delineated based on the fused images of 3D T1 and CT. IMRT technology was used to develop radiotherapy plans with and without language function area protection, naming conventional and protective radiotherapy plans respectively. The maximum radiation dose ( Dmax), average radiation dose ( Dmean), target conformal (CI) and dose uniformity (HI) of PTV of the two plans were compared and analyzed to ensure that the protective radiotherapy plan could meet the radiotherapy standard. Then, the Dmax and Dmean of the language function area were compared and analyzed to evaluate whether the Dmax and Dmean of the language function area were decreased in the protective radiotherapy plan. Results:There were no significant differences in CI, HI, Dmax and Dmean of PTV between the conventional radiotherapy plan and protective radiotherapy plan ( P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences in Dmax and Dmean of Wernicke′s and Broca′s (healthy side and affected side) between the conventional radiotherapy plan and protective radiotherapy plan ( t=3.073-12.707, P<0.05). Dmax and Dmean of Wernicke′s and Broca′s (healthy side and affected side) were decreased in the protective radiotherapy plan compared with the conventional radiotherapy plan, and the decrease was significant in the healthy side. Conclusions:BOLD-fMRI combined with IMRT can not only guarantee the target dose of patients with glioma receiving postoperative radiotherapy, but also reduces the radiation dose to the language function area. Chinese reading task and paragraph comprehension task are the stimulation mode of language function in patients after brain tumor surgery. These tasks are simple and the effect is accurate.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909274

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disease in gynecology. PCOS has complex etiology and diverse clinical manifestations and greatly affects women's physical and mental health. Obesity, insulin resistance and hyperandrogenemia are closely related and interact with each other, which are the main pathophysiological characteristics of PCOS. Exercise, as an important lifestyle intervention, plays a positive role in PCOS patients. This paper reviews the effects of exercise on endocrine, metabolism, reproduction, cardiopulmonary function, emotion, and quality of life in obese patients with PCOS, so as to provide reference for exercise therapy of in the future

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909021

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of smartphone addiction and mental health of medical freshmen, and conduct research on the relationship between smartphone addiction and mental health, so as to provide evidence for the prevention and intervention of smartphone addiction among medical freshmen.Methods:A stratified random sampling method was used to select 279 freshmen in the medical profession of Binzhou Medical University as the research objects, and the revised smartphone addiction scale (SAS-C) and mental health symptom self-rating checklist scale (SCL-90) were selected for testing. SPSS 19.0 was used for t test. Results:A percentage of 29.71 medical freshmen had smartphone addiction problems, which was generally above average. The SCL-90 total scores and the scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, psychosis and other factors in the smartphone addiction group were significantly higher than those in non-smartphone addiction group. The total score of smartphone addiction in medical professional freshmen was significantly correlated with the total score of SCL-90. In addition to the interference factors of daily life, other factors had positive correlation with various factors of SCL-90. Interpersonal sensitivity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms had a significant predictive effect on smartphone addiction (β=0.24, 0.26, P < 0.01), which were important variables affecting mobile phone addiction of medical freshmen. Conclusion:Many medical freshmen have the problem of smartphone addiction, which may cause a series of psychological problems, especially obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety and psychosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908918

ABSTRACT

This research aims at the existing problems of medical students' information literacy to cultivate medical students' information literacy through the construction of cloud libraries, medical school characteristic library, medical schools sharing electronic resources and the establishment of medical student information literacy competitions. The results show that the total scores of medical students' information awareness, information knowledge, information ability, information ethics and information literacy have been greatly improved after the teaching reform [(11.56±1.37) vs. (15.64±1.88), (10.28±1.33) vs. (16.50±1.64), (9.50±1.29) vs. (15.22±1.90), (10.04±1.23) vs. (14.81±1.57), (41.92±3.20) vs. (61.59±3.57)], with statistical significance ( P<0.001). The medical significance shows that the teaching reform based on the construction of the library's diversified information source system can significantly improve the information literacy level of medical students.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 290-292, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze characteristics of and distribution of pathogenic fungi in patients with tinea capitis in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from 2010 to 2018.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 122 tinea capitis patients with positive fungal culture results in Department of Dermatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from 2010 to 2018, and retrospectively analyzed. Fungal culture was carried out, and lactophenol cotton blue staining was performed for morphological identification of the fungal isolates.Results:Of the 122 patients with tinea capitis, 112 (91.8%) were children, including 70 (62.5%) males and 42 (37.5%) females, and there were 58 (51.79%) preschool children and 37 (33.04%) school-age children; 9 (7.38%) were adults, including 7 females and 2 males; 66 (54.1%) were of Uygur nationality, 46 (37.7%) of Han nationality, 5 (4.1%) of Kazakh nationality, 3 (2.46%) of Hui nationality, 1 (0.82%) of Mongolian nationality, and 1 of unknown nationality. The annual number of cases of tinea capitis was more than 20 from 2011 to 2013, and gradually decreased year by year from 2014 (≤ 13 cases/year) . All the patients were infected with a single fungal strain, and a total of 122 strains were identified, including 46 (37.7%) strains of Microsporum ferrugineum, 44 (36.07%) strains of Microsporum canis, 10 (8.2%) strains of Trichophyton violaceum, 9 (7.38%) strains of Trichophyton schoenleini, 6 (4.91%) strains of Trichophyton tonsurans, 4 (3.28%) strains of Trichophyton mentagrophytes, 3 (2.46%) strains of Trichophyton verrucosum. Microsporum ferrugineum (anthropophilic species) mostly affected patients of Uygur nationality (34 cases, 73.91%) , and Microsporum canis (zoophilic species) mostly affected patients of Han nationality (26 cases, 59.09%) . Conclusion:In the Department of Dermatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from 2010 to 2018, tinea capitis commonly affected male children of Uygur nationality, and Microsporum ferrugineum and Microsporum canis were the dominant pathogenic species.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the location of the conus medullaris termination (CMT) in children under the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods:The children, aged 1 day to 15 yr, underwent MRI performed on the lumbosacral spine, were retrospectively analyzed.The CMT corresponding to the position of vertebral body was sequentially numbered.Each vertebral body was divided into upper (U), middle (M), and lower 1/3 unit (L), while the intervertebral disc was considered as an independent segment.From top to bottom of vertebral body, T 12-U1/3 was marked as 0, T 12-M1/3 was marked as 1, T 12-L1/3 was marked as 2, and T 12-L 1 was marked as 3, respectively.The children including male group and female group were divided into different age groups: <1 month, 1-5 months, 6-11 months, 1 yr, 2-4 yr, 5-9 yr and 10-15 yr.The children were divided into male group (M group) and female group (F group) according to gender, and the positions of CMT were compared. Results:A total of 231 children were enrolled in this study, including 122 males and 109 females, aged (4±4) yr.The corresponding number for the position of CMT in children aged <1 month, 1-5 months, 6-11 months, 1 yr, 2-4 yr, 5-9 yr and 10-15 yr was 7.3±2.0, 7.3±2.3, 6.4±1.8, 6.5±2.6, 5.4±2.2, 5.5±1.8, and 5.0±1.8, respectively.There was no statistically significant difference in the position of CMT between group M and group F ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The corresponding number for the position of CMT is 7.3, 7.3, 6.4, 6.5, 5.4, 5.5 and 5.0 in children aged <1 month, 1-5 months, 6-11 months, 1 yr, 2-4 yr, 5-9 yr and 10-15 yr, respectively.

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