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1.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 27-33, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996124

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effects of Liu Zi Jue Qigong (LQG)-based breathing training on the curvature and range of motion (ROM) of the thoracic and lumbar spines in different positions. Methods: Forty-seven college students were selected as subjects and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group. In the observation group, 27 subjects received regular LQG-based breathing training for 12 weeks, while 20 subjects in the control group did not receive any intervention. The spine measuring instrument Spinal Mouse was adopted to detect the curvature and ROM of the thoracic and lumbar spines. Results: In the observation group, the changes in the curvatures of thoracic spine in the upright and forward-bending positions showed statistical significance after LQG exercise (P<0.05), while there was no notable difference in the control group. The comparison of ROM of the thoracic spine from the upright position to the forward-bending and load-bearing positions showed statistically significant difference in the observation group (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the control group. There was no significant difference in the lumbar curvature and ROM in the two groups after LQG exercise. Conclusion: LQG-based breathing training improves the curvature and ROM of the thoracic spine.

2.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 826-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status quo and influencing factors of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in community-dwelling elderly women.Methods:A total of 9 754 female residents aged 60-79 years who attended health check-up in Anting Town Community Health Service Center from June 2019 to December 2021 were enrolled in the study. According to the ultrasound diagnosis, there were 5 220 cases of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD group) and 4 534 cases without NAFLD (non-NAFLD group). The general information, physiological and biochemical indicators were compared between two groups with Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square test; the influence factors of NAFLD were analyzed with logistic regression. Results:The overall prevalence of NAFLD was 53.52%(5 220/9 754), prevalence in the 65-69 age group was the highest and that in the 75-79 age group was the lowest. Body mass index ( Z=47.667), waist circumference ( Z=45.949), waist-to-hip ratio ( Z=30.805), systolic blood pressure ( Z=7.543), diastolic blood pressure ( Z=7.621), fasting blood glucose ( Z=20.298), glycated hemoglobin ( Z=23.588), alanine aminotransferase ( Z=29.624), aspartate aminotransferase ( Z=7.824), total bilirubin ( Z=4.441), triglyceride ( Z=34.597), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( Z=2.476) and blood uric acid ( Z=29.934) levels of NAFLD group were significantly higher than those in non-NAFLD group (all P<0.05); the mean age ( Z=-3.885) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol ( Z=-23.553) in NAFLD group were significantly lower than those in non-NAFLD group (all P<0.001); there were no significant differences in the levels of total cholesterol ( Z=1.762)and creatinine ( Z=1.453) between the two groups (all P>0.05). The proportion of patients had type 2 diabetes mellitus ( χ2=368.395), hypertension ( χ2=208.503), hypertriglyceridemia ( χ2=883.831), hyperuricemia ( χ2=228.562), central obesity ( χ2=1 506.580), high risk of stroke ( χ2=605.322) and high risk of ASCVD ( χ 2=309.434) in NAFLD group were significantly higher than that of non-NAFLD group (all P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that age ( OR=0.937, 95% CI: 0.928-0.946), body mass index ( OR=1.224, 95% CI:1.194-1.255), waist circumference ( OR=1.072, 95% CI: 1.062-1.082), glycosylated hemoglobin ( OR=1.348, 95% CI: 1.275-1.426), alanine aminotransferase ( OR=1.032, 95% CI: 1.026-1.037), triglyceride ( OR=1.757, 95% CI: 1.646-1.875) and serum uric acid ( OR=1.004, 95% CI: 1.004-1.005) levels were the influencing factors for NAFLD in elderly women (all P<0.001). Conclusion:The prevalence rate of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the community-dwelling elderly women is high, which are associated with multiple influencing factors.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 259-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical outcome and prognostic factors of para-split laminotomy for removal of lumbar spinal canal tumors.Methods:Retrospectively review the clinical data of 35 patients suffering lumbar spinal canal tumors, who underwent the para-split laminotomy for tumor resection in Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University from October 2016 to August 2019, including 16 males and 19 females, and the age was(40.1±10.6)years. Intraoperative blood loss, operation time, tumor resection, tumor pathological results, perioperative complications were observed. Follow-up situations, including tumor recurrence, bony fusion of laminae and spinal stability. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed by the end of August 2022. The JOA back pain scoring system was used to evaluate the neurological function of the spinal cord, and paired t-test were performed to compare the overall preoperative and postoperative spinal cord neurological function scores. Linear regression and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the prognostic factors. Measurement data of normal distribution were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and the comparison before and after operation was performed by paired t-test. Mearsurement data of skewed distribution were expressed as M( Q1, Q3). Count data were expressed as cases. Results:The tumors of 35 patients were resected completely. The median blood loss was 100(75, 140)mL and the average operative duration was (181.1±42.7) min. The postoperative pathological results were as follows: 24 neurilemmomas, 6 meningiomas, 4 ependymomas and 1 neurofibroma. There were no surgery-related complications occurred. The postoperative follow-up ranged from 36 to 69 months, with no tumor recurrence or spinal instability, and bony fusion of laminae seen in some patients on CT imaging. The overall spinal cord neurological function scores of pre and post operation were(19.5±3.4)versus(25.4±2.2), Paired t-test analysis revealed a significant difference between the overall postoperative spinal cord neurological function scores and the preoperative scores, and the postoperative scores were better than the preoperative scores( P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed a positive correlation between preoperative JOA scores and postoperative JOA scores, and postoperative JOA scores has negative correlation with tumor volume and the age at the time of operation ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Para-split laminotomy with less damage to the posterior spinal structures can effectively improve the neurological function of the spinal cord and protect the stability of the lumbar spine in patients with lumbar spinal canal tumors, and the better the preoperative neurological function of the spinal cord, the better the prognosis of patients, and the smaller the tumor volume, the better the prognosis.

4.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 843-852, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011056

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing otitis externa is a progressive infectious disease involving the external auditory canal and even the skull base, which can lead to serious complications and even death if not treated in time. In this paper, the latest advances in etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment were reviewed based on previous literature, providing reference for clinical diagnosis, treatment and future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Otitis Externa/therapy , Skull Base/pathology , Ear Canal/pathology , Head
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1536-1540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical phenotype and genetic variant in a child with Verheij syndrome (VRJS).@*METHODS@#A child who had presented at the Soochow University Affiliated Children's Hospital and Wujiang District Children's Hospital in July 2022 for "elevated scapula since early childhood" was selected as the study subject. Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The child had manifested elevated scapulae, torticollis, neck asymmetry, facial dysmorphism, dispersed café-au-lait spots, limited mobility of upper limbs and shoulder joints, and intellectual disability. Sequencing revealed that he has harbored a de novo heterozygous c.405dupT (p.Ile136Tyrfs*4) variant of the PUF60 gene. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), this variant was classified as pathogenic (PVS1+PS2_moderate+PM2_supporting). Combined his clinical features and result of genetic testing, the child was diagnosed with VRJS due to variant of the PUF60 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical manifestations of VRJS include facial dysmorphism, intellectual disability, elevated scapulae, vertebral fusion, other skeletal malformations, without significant abnormalities of the heart, kidney, and eyes, which need to be distinguished from Klippel-Feil syndrome. Above finding has expended the mutation spectrum of the PUF60 gene and provided a reference for delineation of the genotype-phenotype correlation of the VRJS.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Cafe-au-Lait Spots , Computational Biology , Genetic Testing , Genomics , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 174-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964958

ABSTRACT

Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Tang, derived from Synopsis of the Golden Chamber (《金匮要略》, Han dynasty, ZHANG Zhongjing), is a famous classical prescription commonly used for chest impediment. By means of bibliometrics, the authors collected 63 ancient Chinese medical books related to Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Tang and screened 36 effective books for statistical analysis of the historical origin, composition, main indications, dosage, processing, decocting method and other aspects of the prescription. The findings revealed that Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Tang was composed of five medicinal herbs, namely, Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, and Trichosanthis Fructus, with the function of activating Yang, dissipating mass, dispelling phlegm and lowering Qi. The prescription was mainly used to treat chest impediment, chest fullness, chest pain, wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath caused by suppressed Yang Qi, stagnant heart Qi, stagnant phlegm and stasis, and phlegm evil blocking heart, chest or lungs. Additionally, it was found that there were 70 modern literature recording the clinical applications of Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Tang, and the main system diseases treated were circulatory system (51, 72.85%), endocrine system (4, 5.7%), respiratory system (9, 12.85%) and digestive system (6, 8.57%), of which circulatory system is dominated by coronary heart disease (chest impediment in traditional Chinese medicine). The involved medical syndrome types mainly included internal obstruction of phlegm heat and turbidity, obstruction of phlegm turbidity and stasis, congealing cold, phlegm, stasis and Qi stagnation, chest Yang depression and combined phlegm and stasis. Ancient medical records and modern clinical application are the keys to ensure the safety and effectiveness of famous classical prescriptions and compound preparations. Therefore, this paper sorted and mined ancient medical books of Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Tang and statistically analyzed its modern clinical application, aiming to provide a literature reference for the research and development of new drugs and clinical application of the prescription.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 339-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964793

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of serum markers in the early diagnosis of liver cirrhosis with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE). Methods A prospective analysis was performed for 81 patients who were hospitalized and treated in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from April 2020 to February 2022, and all these patients were diagnosed with hepatitis B cirrhosis based on clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, and radiological examination or liver biopsy. According to digital connection test A (NCT-A) and digital symbol test (DST), these patients were divided into simple cirrhosis group with 45 patients and MHE group with 36 patients. Related indices were measured, including liver function [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and total bilirubin (TBil)], albumin, blood ammonia, cholinesterase, and prothrombin time. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between multiple groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The logistic regression analysis and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to investigate the predictive factors for MHE. Results Compared with the simple cirrhosis group, the MHE group had a significant increase in NCT-A score ( Z =-7.110, P < 0.001) and a significant reduction in DST score ( t =12.223, P < 0.001). The univariate analysis showed that there were significant changes in AST, albumin, prothrombin time, cholinesterase, and blood ammonia in the patients with MHE ( Z =-2.319, -2.643, -1.982, -6.594, and -5.331, all P < 0.05), while the multivariate analysis showed that only cholinesterase and blood ammonia were significant predictive factors (all P < 0.05) and were correlated with Child-Pugh score (all P < 0.05). Cholinesterase, blood ammonia, and their combination had an AUC of 0.925, 0.845, and 0.941, respectively, in the diagnosis of MHE, with an optimal cut-off value of 2966, 60, and 0.513, respectively. Conclusion Blood ammonia, cholinesterase, and their combined measurement have a potential clinical value in the early diagnosis of liver cirrhosis with MHE.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 483-488, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920918

ABSTRACT

Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is a digestive system malignancy with extremely poor prognosis, and the survival time of patients with BTC has been prolonged with the development of various treatment methods in recent years. This article reviews the current status and advances in surgery, systemic therapy, radiotherapy, and interventional therapy for BTC, so as to provide a reference for the treatment of BTC in clinical practice.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 125-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923821

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of intensive hip adductor isometric strength training on the balance ability of functional ankle joint instability. Methods From November, 2019 to January, 2020, 18 college students with functional ankle instability were recruited from a university in Shenzhen and randomly divided into control group (n = 9) and experimental group (n = 9). Both groups received ankle stability training, and the experimental group received isometric muscle strength training of hip adductor in addition, one hour a time, three times a week, for four weeks. The Cumberland Ankle Instability Assessment Questionnaire (CAIT), Y Balance Test (YBT), Balance-check balance equipment and Back-check hip adductor maximum isometric strength test were performed before and after training. Results After training, the scores of CAIT, YBT and balance-check increased in both groups (t > 2.540, P < 0.05); the strength of adductor hip muscle significantly increased in the experimental group (t = 8.485, P < 0.001). The d-value of CAIT score, YBT distance, the score of Balance-check, and the strength of adductor hip muscle were more in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.168, P < 0.05); the d-value of the average rotation speed, the maximum rotation speed and the balance level were less in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.804, P < 0.05). Conclusion Hip adductor isometric muscle strength training may promote the recovery of the balance after functional ankle instability.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1339-1342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of Activin-A on spinal inflammatory response in rats with incisional pain and the relationship with p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway.Methods:Forty-eight SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 1 month, weighing 100-150 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=12 each) by the random number table method: sham operation group (S group), incisional pain group (I group), sham operation + antagonist group (SA group) and incisional pain + antagonist group (IA group). The rat model of incisional pain was prepared in group I and group IA.At the first 30 min of model preparation, the antagonist follicle statin 5 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected in SA and IA groups, and the normal saline 5 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected in S and I groups.At 24 h before model preparation (T 0) and 2, 6 and 24 h after model preparation (T 1-3), 3 rats in each group were randomly selected to measure the thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL). Then 3 rats in each group were randomly sacrificed, and the spinal cord L 4-6 segments were taken for determination of the expression of Activin-A and p38 MAPK mRNA (by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction) and contents of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-1β (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Results:Compared with group S, the TWL was significantly shortened, the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β were increased, and the expression of Activin-A and p38 MAPK mRNA was up-regulated at T 1-3 in I and IA groups ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in each parameter in group SA ( P>0.05). Compared with group SA, the TWL was significantly shortened, the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β were increased, and the expression of Activin-A and p38 MAPK mRNA was up-regulated at T 1-3 in I and IA groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group I, the TWL was significantly prolonged, the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β were decreased, and the expression of Activin-A and p38 MAPK mRNA was down-regulated at T 1-3 in group IA ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Activin-A is involved in spinal inflammatory response through activating the p38 MAPK signaling pathway in rats with incisional pain.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1-4, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990597

ABSTRACT

In China, patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are usually with late stage and long medical history when diagnosed, resulting in a lower 5-year survival rate. For advanced HCC, guidelines from different countries have different indications for local treatment. The applica-tion of hepatic artery chemoembolization has brought new treatment opportunities to patients with advanced HCC. Due to tumor heterogeneity, the response to immunotherapy is different in patients with intrahepatic recurrent lesions and extrahepatic metastatic lesions of primary hepatic carcinoma. Therefore, hepatic artery chemoembolization combined with systemic treatment is beneficial to prolong the survival of patients. The authors introduce the clinical experience of a patient with recurrent advanced HCC combined with abdominal lymph node metastasis who was treated with hepatic artery chemoembolization combined with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab. The results show that tumor is controlled in a short period with a good clinical effect.

12.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 720-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006667

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the clinical effect of unilateral double-channel endoscope-assisted bone graft fusion and internal fixation (ULIF) in the treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation. 【Methods】 The clinical data of 22 patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation treated by ULIF in our hospital from August 2020 to October 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The study indicators included intraoperative blood loss, operation time, bed rest time, and hospital stay. The follow-up data included visual analogue score (VAS) of low back pain, Japanese Orthopaedic Association score (JOA), OSwestry disability index (ODI) score, as well as 36 concise health status survey (SF-36) scores before operation, and 1 week and 6 months after operation. 【Results】 The average operation time was (179.15±42.06) minutes, the average intraoperative blood loss was (132.67±41.92) mL, the average bed rest time was (1.51±0.42) days, and the average hospital stay was (4.82±1.13) days. The VAS score of low back pain at 1 week after operation was lower than that before operation (all P<0.000 1), and further decreased during the follow-up. The ODI score, JOA score and SF-36 score of postoperative follow-up were significantly different from those before operation (P<0.05). The satisfaction rate was 86.4% at 1 week after operation and 95.4% at 6 months after operation. The proportion of significant clinical efficacy at 1 week after operation and postoperative 6 months was 18.2% and 63.6%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 ULIF has the advantages of short-term recovery, less intraoperative blood loss, short bed rest and hospital stay, and good medium-term clinical effect. It is a safe and reliable minimally invasive technique for spinal surgeons in the treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 524-529, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of synthetic MRI combined with three dimensional-arterial spin labeling (3D-ASL) imaging in the grading of diffuse glioma and its correlation with tumor cell proliferative activity (Ki-67).Methods:This study was prospective. The clinical and imaging manifestations of 66 patients with diffuse glioma who underwent synthetic MRI combined with 3D-ASL imaging from August 2020 to June 2021 in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University were analyzed. Among 66 patients, there were 36 males and 30 females, aged 4-76 years, and divided into low grade glioma (LGG) group ( n=25) (WHO Ⅱ) and high grade glioma (HGG) group ( n=41) (WHO Ⅲ and vⅣ). T 1, T 2, proton density (PD) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) of tumor parenchyma were measured by GE ADW4.7 postprocessing software. The Ki-67 label index (Ki-67 LI) in postoperative pathological sections was detected by immunohistochemistry. Independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences of quantitative parameters between HGG group and LGG group. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of T 1, PD, CBF and the combination. Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between the parameters and Ki-67 label index (LI). Results:T 1[(1 573±173)ms], PD[(86.2±2.4)pu] and CBF[(129±48)ml·100 g -1·min -1] in HGG group were significantly higher than those in LGG group [(1 376±134)ms, (83.0±2.5)pu and (77±49)ml·100g -1·min -1 respectively], and difference had statistical significance ( t=-4.86, -5.08, -4.24, P<0.01). ROC confirmed that the area under curve (AUC) of T 1, PD and CBF in differentiating HGG from LGG were 0.847, 0.843 and 0.777, respectively. In multi-parameter analysis, the combination of three parameters had the best diagnostic efficiency (AUC=0.973) and the sensitivity and specificity were 87.8% and 100%, respectively. In LGG and HGG groups, there was no correlation between T 1, T 2, PD, CBF and Ki-67 LI. In the overall cohort, T 1, PD and CBF had slight positive correlation with Ki-67 LI ( r=0.394, 0.411 and 0.406, respectively, all P<0.01). There was no correlation between T 2 and Ki-67 LI ( r=-0.100, P=0.423). Conclusion:Synthetic MRI and 3D-ASL can noninvasively evaluate the pathological grade of glioma and predict the expression of Ki-67, among which T 1 and PD are novel imaging marks.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 634-637, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930489

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of a case of occult pulmonary actinomycosis with foreign body admitted to Shenzhen Children′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literatures were retrieved and reviewed.A female patient aged 6 years and 9 months planned to receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation due to thalassemia.During the plain chest CT examination before the transplantation, flakes of shadows were examined in the right lower lung.The child had no clinical symptoms or pulmonary signs.The granulation tissue hyperplasia of the right lower lobe was detected by tracheoscopy, which was harvested for examination under tracheoscopy, and actinomycete infection was confirmed.Several bone fragments were found wrapped inside the granulation.After 6 months of treatment with Amoxicillin and Clavulanate potassium, the tracheoscopic manifestations and chest CT were improved.Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare pulmonary infectious disease, which is much rarer in children than adults, manifesting as an insidious onset and atypical clinical manifestations.However, foreign bodies in children′s airway are common, which is favorable to infection.In clinical detection of actinomycete infection, the cause of infection should be concerned to prevent misdiagnosis and mistreatment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1382-1385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954756

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in children with thalassemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:The clinical data of 446 children with thalassemia who underwent allo-HSCT from January 2012 to December 2020 in the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Shenzhen Children′s Hospital were retrospectively collected.The clinical features of the patients with VZV infection were analyzed.The patients were divided into different groups according to whether they had VZV infection.Categorical variables between groups were compared using the chi- square tests to investigate the risk factors that were associated with the development of VZV.Survival time was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results:VZV incidence was 4.3% (19/446 cases), and the median onset time was 5 months (1.5-11.0 months) after allo-HSCT.Of the 19 cases with VZV infection, 5 cases were complicated with VZV encephalitis.All cases were treated with antiviral agents (Acyclovir alone, or both Acyclovir and Foscarnet), intravenous immunoglobulin and external use of Acyclovir ointment.After 7-28 days of treatment (median treatment time: 14 days), all of their herpes subsided, and the neurological symptoms of patients with VZV encephalitis disappeared.One of the 19 children died.The death was not directly caused by VZV infection, but by secondary graft dysfunction and severe pneumonia 5 months after VZV infection.The incidence of VZV infection following allo-HSCT in children with thalassemia was related to the age of the donor ( P=0.010), but not to the age of the patient ( P=0.378), gender ( P=0.653), disease grade of thalassemia ( P=0.912), type of the donor ( P=0.205), source of stem cells ( P=0.624) and acute graft versus host disease ( P=0.277). VZV infection had no significant effect on the prognosis of thalassemia children after allo-HSCT ( P=0.241). Conclusions:Thalassemia children with VZV infection after allo-HSCT are prone to be complicated with VZV encephalitis.Cord blood transplantation is a high risk factor.VZV infection may not have an impact on survival of children with thalassemia after allo-HSCT.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1382-1385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in children with thalassemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:The clinical data of 446 children with thalassemia who underwent allo-HSCT from January 2012 to December 2020 in the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Shenzhen Children′s Hospital were retrospectively collected.The clinical features of the patients with VZV infection were analyzed.The patients were divided into different groups according to whether they had VZV infection.Categorical variables between groups were compared using the chi- square tests to investigate the risk factors that were associated with the development of VZV.Survival time was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results:VZV incidence was 4.3% (19/446 cases), and the median onset time was 5 months (1.5-11.0 months) after allo-HSCT.Of the 19 cases with VZV infection, 5 cases were complicated with VZV encephalitis.All cases were treated with antiviral agents (Acyclovir alone, or both Acyclovir and Foscarnet), intravenous immunoglobulin and external use of Acyclovir ointment.After 7-28 days of treatment (median treatment time: 14 days), all of their herpes subsided, and the neurological symptoms of patients with VZV encephalitis disappeared.One of the 19 children died.The death was not directly caused by VZV infection, but by secondary graft dysfunction and severe pneumonia 5 months after VZV infection.The incidence of VZV infection following allo-HSCT in children with thalassemia was related to the age of the donor ( P=0.010), but not to the age of the patient ( P=0.378), gender ( P=0.653), disease grade of thalassemia ( P=0.912), type of the donor ( P=0.205), source of stem cells ( P=0.624) and acute graft versus host disease ( P=0.277). VZV infection had no significant effect on the prognosis of thalassemia children after allo-HSCT ( P=0.241). Conclusions:Thalassemia children with VZV infection after allo-HSCT are prone to be complicated with VZV encephalitis.Cord blood transplantation is a high risk factor.VZV infection may not have an impact on survival of children with thalassemia after allo-HSCT.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 324-328, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883881

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the incidence of syncope in patients with acute and critical cardiovascular diseases and to explore the risk factors of death.Methods:925 cases of acute heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, arrhythmia and aortic dissection rupture who participated in Prospective, Multi-CenterRegistered Research Project for Chinese Syncope Patients from March 2018 to March 2020, admitted to the department of emergency of Nanyang Second General Hospital were selected as the research objects. The incidence and mortality of syncope were recorded, and the patients were divided into syncope group and non-syncope group according to whether they were accompanied by syncope or not. The incidence of syncope in male and female patients with different cardiovascular critical diseases, the age and mortality of cardiovascular critical patients with syncope or not were analyzed and compared. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of death, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of risk factors on the prognosis of patients.Results:The incidence of syncope in 5 kinds of cardiovascular critical patients from high to low was: acute myocardial infarction 3.03% (28/925), arrhythmia 2.70% (25/925), pulmonary embolism 1.51% (14/925), aortic dissection rupture 1.41% (13/925), acute heart failure 0.65% (6/925), with statistically significant differences ( χ2 = 10.765, P = 0.010). There was no significant difference in the incidence of syncope between male and female patients with pulmonary embolism, aortic dissection rupture, acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia and acute heart failure. The age of patients with aortic dissection rupture, acute myocardial infarction and arrhythmia in syncope group were significantly higher than those in non-syncope group [aortic dissection rupture (years old): 66.29±15.64 vs. 57.63±14.23, acute myocardial infarction (years old): 69.55±15.13 vs. 62.10±15.75, arrhythmia (years old): 70.48±14.93 vs. 60.29±16.31, all P < 0.05]. The mortality of patients with pulmonary embolism, aortic dissection rupture, acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, acute heart failure in syncope group were significantly higher than those in non-syncope group [pulmonary embolism: 5.81% (5/86) vs. 0.95% (8/839), aortic dissection rupture: 4.65% (4/86) vs. 0.60% (5/839), acute myocardial infarction: 4.65% (4/86) vs. 1.19% (10/839), arrhythmia: 2.33% (2/86) vs. 0.95% (8/839), acute heart failure: 2.33% (2/86) vs. 0.60% (5/839), all P < 0.05]. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio ( OR) = 2.158, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.921-4.785, P = 0.000], pulmonary embolism ( OR = 15.391, 95% CI was 8.904-27.314, P = 0.001), aortic dissection rupture ( OR = 13.079, 95% CI was 6.237-25.509, P = 0.000), acute myocardial infarction ( OR = 18.826, 95% CI was 10.420-32.921, P = 0.000), syncope ( OR = 4.940, 95% CI was 1.764-9.287, P = 0.000) were risk factors for the prognosis of patients with acute and critical cardiovascular diseases. ROC curve analysis showed that syncope had a certain predictive value for 28-day prognosis of patients [the area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.760, P = 0.000], when the cut-off value was 4.12, the sensitivity was 88.51%, the specificity was 78.05%, the positive predictive value was 81.31%, and the negative predictive value was 84.27%. Conclusions:Syncope is an independent risk factor of death in patients with acute and critical cardiovascular diseases. For patients with syncope as the chief complaint, we should quickly identify the types of acute and critical diseases and assess the risk of sudden death.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 291-295, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883604

ABSTRACT

Objective:In the teaching practice based on "Internet+", there are relatively few studies on the transformation of learners' learning styles. This paper focuses on the practical factors that may affect the change of students' learning style in the teaching process of blended learning.Methods:Taking students from Batch 2017 of Inner Mongolia Medical University as the teaching objects who taught by blended learning, by means of questionnaire survey, interview, course performance analysis and other methods, this paper discusses the influence of students' learning style on learning effect and possible influencing factors in the process of blended learning.Results:In the process of teaching, students' learning styles have a profound impact on the learning effect to some extent. Therefore, the subjective and objective factors that affect students' learning style should be paid attention to.Conclusion:With the popularization of "Internet + education", the ways and environment of traditional education have undergone great changes. In the process of blended learning reform, teachers should pay more attention to learning styles of students, so as to better improve the teaching effect.

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Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1213-1217, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of family caregiver empowerment intervention model on discharge preparation and quality of life of patients with lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy.Methods:From January 2019 to January 2020, 84 lung cancer patients who received chemotherapy in the Department of Respiratory Medicine in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were selected, each patient chose one family primary caregiver. It was divided into the control group and the intervention group by the draw method with 42 cases in each group. The control group received routine nursing intervention of internal medicine chemotherapy, and the intervention group received empowerment intervention of main family caregivers on the basis of the control group. The effect of family caregiver empowerment intervention mode were investigated by observing the discharge readiness and quality of life of lung cancer patients.Results:There was no significant difference in the preparation for discharge and quality of life between the two groups before intervention ( P>0.05); after three cycles intervention, the total scores of discharge readiness and quality of life in the intervention group were (76.30±2.80), (94.05±3.70), which were significantly better than those in the control group(73.02±3.73), (87.44±4.18), and the differences were statistically significant ( t values were -4.464, -7.527, P<0.01). Conclusions:Empowerment intervention model of family caregivers can improve the discharge readiness and quality of life of lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 993-996, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the genetic etiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment of a child with pancytopenia, failure to thrive and pulmonary infection.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted. Genetic variants associated with hematological diseases were detected by high-throughput sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Three variants of TCN2 gene were found, one of which located in exon 5 upstream(c.581-8A>T), the parents has carried this variant; one in exon 6 (c.924_927del), the variant was originated from the mother; one in exon 7 (c.973C>T), the variant has ocurred de novo. The variants pathogenic analysis combined with clinical manifestation, pancytopenia, the increase in methylmalonic acid level and increased homocysteine, the child was diagnosed with transcobalaminIIdeficiency. The patient presented with respiratory infection, which was confirmed to be pneumocystosis by lung radioscopy and pathogenic high-throughput sequencing of broncho-alveolar lavage fluid. The patient presented with acute respiratory distress syndrome during the treatment with intramuscular injection of vitamin B@*CONCLUSION@#We reported a case of Chinese child with TCNII deficiency due to novel gene variant, and analyzed the pathogenicity of the three variants. The treatment of TCNII deficiency with cobalamin should be individualized.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Genetic Testing , Rare Diseases , Transcobalamins/genetics , Vitamin B 12
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