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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the survival and prognostic factors of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) and postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in female patients, aged≥50 years, diagnosed with node-negative breast cancer (≤ 3 cm in size).Methods:Clinical data of eligible early breast cancer patients between 2010 and 2015 were obtained from the SEER database. Patients were divided into the IORT and PORT groups according to the radiotherapy record and propensity score matching (PSM) was subsequently conducted. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) between two groups and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors of clinical prognosis.Results:7 068 patients were included after PSM. The median follow-up time was 32.0 months. The 5-year OS rates in the IORT and PORT groups were 96.8% and 93.8%, respectively. Univariate Cox analysis showed that radiotherapy, age, histological grade, T stage, estrogen receptor (ER) status and progesterone receptor (PR) status were the independent risk factors for OS, and histological grade, T stage, ER status, PR status and chemotherapy were the independent risk factors for BCSS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that patients who received IORT had better OS than PORT counterparts ( P=0.020). Besides, patients aged≥60 years obtained worse OS than those aged<60 years ( P=0.003). Patients with T 2 stage or ER-negative tumors had worse OS than those with T 1 stage tumors ( P<0.001) or ER-positive tumors ( P=0.001). Patients with grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ tumors achieved worse BCSS ( P=0.004). Subgroup analysis showed that IORT yielded better OS for elderly patients (≥60 years), grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ tumors, infiltrating duct carcinoma, T 2 stage tumors, ER-positive tumors, PR-positive tumors and patients without chemotherapy. Conclusions:IORT may bring benefit for highly selected patients with low risk of recurrence, which is not inferior to PORT in terms of short-term survival. Prospective studies with longer follow-up time are needed to confirm the findings.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813033

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis is an intestinal inflammatory disease characterized by diarrhea, abdominal pain and purulent stool. Uncontrolled inflammation caused by macrophage hyper-activation is an important cause of ulcerative colitis. Therefore, inhibiting macrophage hyper-activation is an effective way to treat ulcerative colitis. Notch signaling pathway is involved in regulating the immune response of macrophages and promoting inflammation. NF-κB signaling pathway is the "star pathway" involved in inflammation. NLRP3 inflammatory body is involved in the activation of macrophages. Notch, NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammatory bodies constitute the upstream and downstream signal pathways in the existing immune inflammatory diseases. Notch signal pathway can regulate the activation of macrophage via NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammatory body signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative , Cytokines , Humans , Macrophage Activation , NF-kappa B , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Receptors, Notch , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494620

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze risk factors of breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) with microinvasion (DCIS-MI) and explore suitable axillary lymph node surgery treatment for patients with DCIS-MI. Methods:The clinical characteristics, such as age, menopausal status at diagnosis, size of breast mass, and pathology reports of 45 patients with breast DCIS or DCIS-MI treated at Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University from February 2013 to February 2016, were retrospectively collected and analyzed statistically to deter-mine the risk factors associated with microinvasion. Results:Premenopause (P=0.006), tumor size≥3.15 cm (P=0.006), and family his-tory of malignant tumor (P=0.002) were proven risk factors of DCIS-MI. Conclusion:Patients with clinical palpable axillary mass, pre-menopause, large breast mass, and family history of malignant tumor demonstrated high possibility of DCIS-MI. Hence, sentinel lymph node biopsy should be performed. Axillary lymph node dissection is highly recommended to patients whose main symptom is palpable axillary mass.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1827-1832, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458084

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To explore the role of superoxide dismutase ( SOD) and malondialdehyde ( MDA) in chronic pancreatitis ( CP) induced by dibutyltin dichloride ( DBTC) combined with ethanol, and the mechanisms for prevention and treatment of pancreatic fibrosis by Chaihushugansan.METHODS: The KM mice were randomly divided into control group, CP group ( DBTC combined with ethanol) and Chaihushugansan group ( CP+Chaihushugansan) .Except for control group, the mice in other groups were intravenously injected in tail with DBTC (8 mg/kg) and drank 10% ethanol.The mice in Chaihushugansan group were administered intragastrically with Chaihushugansan (6 g· kg-1 · d-1 ) at the follow-ing experimenal period.Before modeling and 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks after modeling, the mice were anes-thetized and sacrificed.The activity of amylase and the content of hyaluronic acid in the serum were measured.The mor-phology and the degree of fibrosis in the pancreas were observed by HE staining.The activity of SOD and the level of MDA in the pancreas homogenate were analyzed.The protein of pancreas was extracted to detect the expression of type I collagen by Western blotting.RESULTS:DBTC combined with ethanol induced CP with increased serum amylase and hyaluronic acid levels, while the serum amylase and hyaluronic acid levels in Chaihushugansan group were significantly lowered ( P<0.05).In 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks, the pancreas were obviously injured and appeared different degrees of fibrosis.The content of MDA and the expression of type I collagen in the increased significantly, but the SOD was de-creased.In Chaihushugansan group, the pathological damage and the degree of fibrosis of the pancreas were improved.The level of MDA and type I collagen expression in the pancreas were significantly reduced, but the SOD was increased.CON-CLUSION:The oxidative stress may take part in the development of CP.Inhibition of oxidative stress in the pancreas is one of the mechanisms that Chaihushugansan attenuates the development of CP.

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