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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 716-720, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866905

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence and risk factors of polymyxin B-associated acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with severe infections caused by extensive drug resistance Gram negative bacteria (XDR-GNB)in intensive care unit (ICU).Methods:A retrospective study of adult patients with severe infection who received polymyxin B for more than 3 days in the department of critical care medicine of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School from April 1st 2018 to January 31st 2020 were performed. AKI was diagnosed by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. The baseline data, indicators during treatment period and prognostic factors were compared between AKI group and non-AKI group. Factors with statistically significant difference in univariate analysis and important clinical factors were included in the Logistic regression model to analyze the risk factors of AKI.Results:Seventy-two patients were treated with polymyxin B for more than 3 days. Forty-nine patients were finally enrolled, with 32 patients developing polymyxin B-associated AKI, and the incidence was 44.4%. The baseline data was balanced in AKI group and non-AKI group, and there was no significant difference in the prognosis [death or discharge without medial order (cases): 14 vs. 6, discharged for improvement (cases): 18 vs. 11, χ 2 = 0.329, P = 0.566]. Polymyxin B-associated AKI occurred from 1 day to 14 days after treatment, with an average of (6.8±3.8) days. Among the 32 AKI patients, 2 cases were lost to follow up after discharge, while renal function recovered in 18 cases and unrecovered in 12 cases. The prognosis of patients without recovery of renal function was significantly worse than that of patients with renal function recovery [death or discharge without medial order (cases): 12 vs. 2, discharged for improvement (cases): 0 vs. 16, P = 0.000]. Single factor analysis showed that daily dosage of polymyxin B in AKI group was higher than that in non-AKI group (mg: 151.6±23.7 vs. 132.4±30.3), numbers of patients with daily polymyxin B dose ≥ 150 mg, using vasoactive drugs, or severe hypoalbuminemia (albumin≤25 g/L) were higher than those in non-AKI group (cases: 29 vs. 10, 18 vs. 4, 9 vs. 0), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that daily dosage of polymyxin B ≥ 150 mg and use of vasoactive drugs were independent risk factors for polymyxin B-associated AKI [odds ratio ( OR) = 37.466, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 2.676-524.586, P = 0.007; OR = 22.960, 95% CI was 1.710-308.235, P = 0.018]. Conclusions:Comparing with non-AKI patients, more patients with polymyxin B-associated AKI had severe hypoalbuminemia, and the probability of using vasoactive drugs and the daily dose of polymyxin B were higher than non-AKI patients. Daily dose of polymyxin B ≥ 150 mg and using vasoactive drugs were independent risk factors for polymyxin B-associated AKI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865208

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical and genetic characteristics of congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI).Method From November 2016 to November 2018,a cohort of 21 patients with CHI were retrospectively reviewed in our hospital.The second generation sequencing was performed on Ion torrent platform to identify the genetic etiology of this disease.Result The average birth weight was 3 748 g.Overall,11 of the 21 patients (52.4%) were large for gestational age (> Pg0),and 90.5% (19/21) onset within 3 days after birth.Seizures occurred in 7 cases (33.3%).Diazine was effective in alleviation in 6 patients,octreotide was effective in 8 patients,and diazine and octreotide were ineffective in 7 patients.11 patients underwent 18-fluoro-l-dopa PET-CT scan,indicating focal islet cell proliferation in 8 patients and diffuse islet cell proliferation in 3 patients.8 focal cases accepted the partial pancreatectomy (7 cases who failed to respond to drug therapy,1 case who received octreotide had significant liver damage),and all of these 8 cases were confirmed with focal islet cell proliferation by postoperative pathology.7 cases had normal glucose level after surgery,while 1 case developed insulin-dependent diabetes.Patients of 3 cases with diffuse islet cell proliferation had no consent for surgery.Gene mutations were identified in 61.9% (13/21) of patients (12 cases of ABCC8 gene and 1 case of KCNJ11 gene).15 sequence changes were identified (14 in ABCC8 and 1 in KCNJ11).3 new ABCC8 gene mutations (exon13:c.1822C > T,p.Q608X;exon22:c.2691delC,p.W898Gfs*5;exon33:c.4039C >T,p.Q1347X),and 1 new KCNJJ11 gene mutation (exon1:c.629T > A,p.H315Y) were firstly reported.Conclusion Partial pancreatectomy is an effective treatment for those CHI not responsive to drug,however,with an attendant risk of developing diabetes.Mutations of ABCC8 gene and KCNJJ11 gene are the main pathogenic genes of CHI.Patients with different gene mutations may have different responses to drug treatment.Therefore,it is necessary to improve gene testing in clinical practice to guide treatment and prognosis.3 new ABCC8 gene mutations and 1 new KCNJJ11 gene mutation were first reported,which expand the spectra of gene mutation.

3.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 904-908, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752461

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between mammographic features in BIGRADS 3,4 and the corresponding histological findings.Methods 442 patients with 46 9 lesions categorized as 3 ,4 in BIGRADS on mammography from July 20 1 3 to February 20 1 5 were retrospectively analyzed.The correlation between mammographic features and histological findings was statistically analyzed.Results Among the 469 lesions,130 lesions were categorized as BIGRADS 3,with 13 pathologically confirmed malignant lesions and 117 benign lesions.There were 3 3 9 lesions in BIGRADS 4,with 9 8 malignant lesions and 241 benign lesions.There were statistical differences between benign and malignant lesions (P<0.05)in mass morphology,mass margin,calcification morphology,calcification distribution,architectural distortion,asymmetries and axillary adenopthy.There were no statistically significant differences (P>0.05 )in breast composition, mass density or location.The logistic regression analysis with above mentioned significance indexs showed that the F value was 4.3 1 1 , with the significance probability (P<0.001 ).The mass shape,the edge of the mass,the calcification shape,the calcification distribution,the structure distortion,the asymmetrical compact shadow,and the axillary lymph node enlargement were all correlated with the benign and malignant of the tumors.Conclusion The mammographic features of BIGRADS category 3 and 4 including the mass morphology, margin,calcification morphology,calcification distrubution,architectural distortion,asymmetries,and axillary adenopthy could help us to improve the accuracy diagnoses between benign and malignant lesions.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752243

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the physical development and immune function of infants without human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)infection who were delivered by HIV_infected mothers. Methods Two hundred and ninety_seven infants delivered HIV_infected mothers in Guangxi province from January 2008 to November 2011 were selected as observation group. According to whether infants had HIV infection or not,the children were further divided into the HIV_infection group and the infants in the non_HIV infection group according to the presence or absence of HIV infection,and the infants in the non_HIV infection group were divided into the antiretroviral drug(ART)treatment group and the non_ART treatment group according to whether the mother had used ART during pregnancy. Ninety_one healthy children born at the same time were selected as the healthy control group. The physical examination,T lympho_cyte subgroup analysis and humoral immunity test were performed on all infants. Results The weight and body length at birth of infants born from HIV_infected mothers were all significantly lower than those in the healthy control group [(2. 86 ± 0. 49)kg vs.(3. 15 ± 0. 52)kg;(47. 05 ± 2. 20)cm vs.(50. 01 ± 2. 58)cm],and the differences were sta_tistically significant(t﹦2. 652,2. 247,all P〈0. 05). The CD8 level and CD4∕CD8 ratio of infants delivered by HIV_infected mothers had no significant differences statistically compared with those in the healthy control group[(21. 31 ± 6. 49)% vs.(22. 01 ± 5. 43)%;1. 82 ± 0. 79 vs. 1. 82 ± 0. 67,t﹦0. 933,0. 033,all P〉0. 05];the CD3 and CD4 levels were lower than those in the healthy control group[(62. 36 ± 7. 94)% vs.(65. 70 ± 6. 32)%;(4. 83 ± 7. 62)% vs.(37. 02 ± 5. 69)%],and the differences were statistically significant(t﹦3. 66,2. 946,all P〈0. 01). The immunoglobulin(Ig)M,IgG and IgA levels of children born to HIV_infected mothers had no statistically significant differences compared with those in the healthy control group[(1. 79 ± 0. 66)g∕L vs.(1. 76 ± 0. 66)g∕L;(8. 96 ± 2. 74)g∕L vs.(8. 80 ± 1. 97)g∕L;(0. 85 ± 0. 57)g∕L vs.(0. 86 ± 0. 41)g∕L,t﹦0. 341,0. 619,0. 173,all P〉0. 05). The weight and body length at birth of non_HIV infected children born from HIV_infected mothers were all significantly lower than those in healthy control group[(2. 92 ± 0. 43)kg vs.(3. 15 ± 0. 52)kg;(49. 03 ± 2. 22)cm vs.(50. 01 ± 2. 58)cm],and the differences were statistically significant( F﹦4. 163,2. 87,all P〈0. 05). The birth weight,birth length and head circumference of the ART group were all significant lower than those in the healthy control group[(2. 90 ± 0. 43)kg vs.(3. 15 ± 0. 52)kg;(48. 27 ± 1. 89)cm vs.(50. 01 ± 2. 58)cm;(31. 80 ± 1. 47)cm vs. (34. 88 ± 3. 21)cm],and the differences were statistically significant( F﹦3. 711,2. 970,3. 689,all P〈0. 05). The CD8 level and CD4∕CD8 ratio of non _ HIV infected children born to HIV _ infected mothers had no significant differences statistically compared with those in the healthy control group[(20. 77 ± 5. 60)% vs.(22. 01 ± 5. 43)%, 1. 85 ± 0. 76 vs. 1. 82 ± 0. 67,F﹦43. 568,11. 705,all P〉0. 05];the CD3 and CD4 levels were lower than those in the healthy control group[(62. 27 ± 7. 94)% vs.(65. 70 ± 6. 32)%;(35. 30 ± 6. 86)% vs.(37. 02 ± 5. 69)%],and the differences were statistically significant(F﹦7. 083,28. 06,all P〈0. 05). Conclusions The humoral immune func_tion of the non_HIV infected infants delivered by HIV_infected mothers is not significantly affected,but the physical development at birth and cellular immune function are significantly affected. ART during pregnancy is not a major factor in the limitation of physical development at birth. Therefore,the nutrition support for the infants delivered by HIV_in_fected mothers and prevention of infection are especially necessary clinically.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668406

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the clinical characteristics and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving donation after cardiac death liver transplantation during the immediate postoperative period.Methods Patients who underwent liver transplantation between July 2013 and January 2017 were study retrospectively.AKI was defined according to the criteria of Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guideline in the first 7 days following liver transplantation.Donor and graft variables,and recipient characteristics in the perioperative period were analyzed to identify the risk factors for development of AKI.Results Thirty-five (67.3%) of the 52 included patients developed AKI 7 days post-liver transplantation,including 16 (30.8%) in stage 1,5 (9.6%) in stage-2 and 14 (26.9%) in stage-3 with KDIGO guideline criteria.85.7% (30/35) of AKI occurred within postoperative day 0 to day 2,and the renal function of 60.0% (21/35) patients who developed AKI recovered within 3 days.Patients with AKI had a prolonged ICU stay (for AKI,7.4±6.5 days;for non-AKI,4.0 ± 2.1 days,P =0.037) and an increased likelihood of 28-day mortality after transplantation (for AKI,17.1%;for non-AKI,0).Significant risk factors for development of AKI were detected including donors' ICU stay>7 days,recipients' preoperative model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score >12,preoperative serum urea nitrogen>4.9 mmol/L,intraoperative blood loss> 5 000 mL,intraoperative total fluid infusion> 11 000 mE and peak postoperative glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (AST)> 1 240 U/L.Logistic regression analysis showed that recipients' preoperative MELD score > 12 (odds ratio 25.3,P =0.027) and peak postoperative AST > 1 240 U/L (odds ratio 37.1,P =0.012) were independent risk factors for development of AKI after liver transplantation.Conclusion Liver transplantation is associated with a high frequency of AKI.Increased recipients' preoperative MELD score and peak postoperative AST are independent risk factors for development of early AKI after liver transplantation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808476

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution patterns of arboviruses in Yunnan province near the China-Laos-Myanmar border, China, and to provide evidence for prevention and control of arboviruses diseases.@*Methods@#Mosquito samples were collected in Daluo county of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and Zhengdong county of Pu’er city in Yunnan province, 2012. Viruses were isolated from the samples by tissue culture, positive isolates were identified by RT-PCR with arbovirus species-specific primers, for further sequencing and phylogenetic analysis.@*Results@#A total of 17 species of mosquitoes from 6 genera were collected. A total of 24 strains of viruses were isolated from the mosquito pools and identified as Tembusu virus (TMUV) (2 strains), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) (3 strains), Getah virus (GETV) (2 strains), Banna virus (BAV) (4 strains), Densovirus (DNV) (9 strains) and Nam Dinh virus (NDiV) (3 strains).@*Conclusions@#The China-Laos-Myanmar border of Yunnan province is rich in species of mosquitoes and arboviruses.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 398-401, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237534

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the molecular characteristics of a dengue virus outbreak in China-Myanmar border region, Yunnan province, 2015 and provide etiological evidence for the disease control and prevention.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Semi-nested RTPCR was conducted to detect the capsid premembrane (CprM) gene of RNA of dengue virus by using dengue virus NS1 positive serum samples collected in Mengdin township, Gengma county, Yunnan province in July, 2015. Some positive samples were then detected by using PCR with specific primers to amplify the full E gene. The positive PCR products were directly sequenced. Then sequences generated in this study were BLAST in NCBI website and aligned in Megalign in DNAstar program. Multiple sequence alignments were carried out by using Mega 5.05 software based on the sequences generated in this study and sequences downloaded from GenBank, including the representative strains from different countries and regions. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by using Neighbor-Joining tree methods with Mega 5.05 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty one of 25 local cases and 10 of 14 imported cases from Myanmar were positive for DENV-1. Eight serum samples were negative for dengue virus. A total of 13 strains with E gene (1485 bp), including 8 local strains and 5 imported strains, were sequenced, which shared 100% nucleotide sequence identities. Twelve strains with CprM gene (406 bp) from 9 local cases and 3 imported cases shared 100% nucleotide sequence identities. Phylogenetic analyses based on E gene showed that the new 13 strains clustered in genotype I of dengue virus and formed a distinct lineage.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This outbreak was caused by genotype I of DENV-1, which had the closest phylogenetic relationships with dengue virus from neighboring Burma area. Comprehensive measures of prevention and control of dengue fever should be strengthened to prevent the spread of dengue virus.</p>


Subject(s)
Capsid Proteins , China , Epidemiology , DNA Primers , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Dengue , Epidemiology , Virology , Dengue Virus , Genetics , Disease Outbreaks , Genotype , Humans , Myanmar , Epidemiology , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Alignment , Software
8.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1848-1850, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458102

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)characteristics and the correlation of diffusion coeffi-cient (ADC)and differentiation grade of rectal tubular adenocarcinoma.Methods The DWI characteristics of thirty-eight patients pathologically comfirmed rectal tubular adenocarcinomas were evaluated respectively.There were 9 highly differentiated tubular ade-nocarcinomas,1 5 moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas and 14 poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas.The ADC value was calculated from two different factors (0 and 1 000 s/mm2 ).The correlation between ADC value and the differentiated de-gree of tumour was statistically analysed.Results The mean ADC for highly differentiated group was (0.92±0.05)×10 -3 mm2/s, and the mean ADC for moderately differentiated group was (0.79 ± 0.10)× 10 -3 mm2/s whereas that for poorly differentiated group was (0.71±0.06)×10 -3 mm2/s.The difference among three groups was statistically significant(P <0.05).The ADC value and the differentiated degree of tumour were negatively correlated(Spearman r =-0.704)P<0.01.Conclusion DWI and ADC value can be a useful estimating for the differentiation of rectal tubular adenocarcinoma.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457874

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of gross total resection on the local control and survival of patients with stage IV neuroblastoma (NB) and analyze the extent of surgical resection of primary tumors that affects patient survival. Methods: A total of 96 patients with stage Ⅳ NB who were admitted to the Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between January 2000 and December 2011 were analyzed. The patients were treated with combined-modality therapy, including chemotherapy, surgery, and/or radiotherapy. The patients were divided according to the extent of surgical resection of primary tumor into the following groups: group A, biopsy or tumor removal of less than 50% of the primary lesion; group B, incomplete resection of more than 50% but less than 90% of the lesion; group C, removal of more than 90% of the lesion; and group D, complete resection with or without macroscopic residual tumors. The survival rates of each group were analyzed. Results: The median age of the 96 patients was 4.4 years, ranging from 1.2-18.8 years. The overall 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of the total patients were 32.8% and 36.7%, respectively. A total of 24 cases were assigned in group A, 10 in group B, 23 in group C, and 39 in group D. Subgroup analysis revealed that the 3-year PFS rate was 17.5% for group A, 20.0% for group B, 45.1% for group C, and 40.5% for group D. The PFS rates were not statistically significant-ly different between groups A and B (P=0.352) and between groups C and D (P = 0.792). However, the OS was higher in groups C and D than that in groups A and B. The 3-year PFS rates were 42.2% and 17.8% for groups C and D (P<0.001), respectively. Conclu-sion: Resection extension of more than 90% of the primary tumor combined with chemotherapy and (or) radiation therapy can improve the survival of patients with stage Ⅳ NB. However, this treatment modality does not affect the treatment outcomes for minimal gross tu-mor residuals.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451579

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relenvant factors of precocious puberty and provide the basis for precaution of high risk group of precocious puberty .Methods A 1:1 case-control study was performed on 50 healthy girls and 50 precocious puberty girls .Results Univariate analysis showed an significant differences in the exposure rates of following five factors between cases and controls:intake of nutritious and health products ,favoring meat and poultry,long time watching television,addiction to TV ads,family economic condition (The Chi-square values are 7.045,9.073,17.478,14.063,12.246 respectively,all P<0.05).The Logisitc regression showed that favoring meat and poultry,long time watching television and addiction to TV ads had significant differences among precocious puber -ty children(The Wald′s Value were 4.846,6.850,5.662 respectively,all P<0.05).Conclusion favoring meat and poultry,long time watching television and addiction to TV play an important roles in precocious puberty .

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1083-1089, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278941

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the long-term survival of children and adolescents with lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) treated by a modified NHL-BFM-90 protocol.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 1998 to November 2010, 107 untreated patients with LBL (age <18 years) were enrolled and stratified into three groups (R1, R2 and R3), according to the stage of disease and response to induction chemotherapy. All patients received different intensive chemotherapy regimens based on a modified NHL-BFM-90 protocol. Total treatment duration was 2 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 107 patients, 79 were boys and 28 were girls, with a median age of 10 years (range 2.5-18 years). Six patients (5.6%) were stage I/II, 101 (94.4%) stage III/IV. The R1, R2 and R3 groups accounted for 5.6%, 71.0% and 23.4%, respectively. 75.7% of the patients had T-LBL, and 24.3% was B-LBL. At a median follow-up duration of 60 months (range 1-186 months), 24 patients died. The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 75.5% and 77.8 % for all patients, 100.0% and 100.0% for group R1, 84.5% and 87.5 % for R2, 44.0% and 44.0% for R3, 72% and 73.5% for T-LBL, 86.4% and 88.5% for B-LBL, respectively. Myleosuppression was the major toxicity and need aggressive management.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The modified NHL-BFM-90 protocol is an effective therapy for children and adolescents with LBL in low and intermediate risk. T-LBL had the similar outcomes as B-LBL did. The patients in high-risk group had a poor survival and new protocols are needed.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Asparaginase , Child , Child, Preschool , Daunorubicin , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prednisone , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450243

ABSTRACT

Objective Essential polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFA) can not been synthesized by the body-self.Serum triglycerides n-6 and n-3 PUFAs directly or indirectly reflect the corresponding unsaturated fatty acids intake from meals.This study was to investigate the relationship of serum triglycerides polyunsaturated fatty acid composition with the ratio of n-6 to n-3 PUFA(n-6/n-3 PUFA) and magnetic resonance imaging measured intra-abdominal fat(MRI-IAF) with other body fat parameters of patients with metabolic syndrome.Methods Thirty-six patients with metabolic syndrome and 41 healthy controls were enrolled in this investigation.The relevance of serum triglycerides polyunsaturated fatty acids with MRI-IAF was observed.A stepwise regression analysis was applied to determine which kind of triglycerides polyunsaturated fatty acid could predict MRI-IAF,waist circumference and body mass index (BMI) more potent.Results In the metabolic syndrome group,blood sugar,lipid profiles,blood pressure,visceral fat accumulation-related parameters and serum triglycerides polyunsaturated fatty acid composition was worse than those in the control group.Compared with the healthy controls,n-6/n-3 PUFA was significantly increased(t=8.564,P<0.05),although C18∶3 n-3,C20∶5 n-3(EPA),C22∶6 n-3(DHA) and n-3PUFA were significantly declined(t=-2.920,-7.034,all P<0.05) in metabolic syndrome group.The difference of n-6 PUFA showed no statistically significant difference(t=-0.957,-1.494,P>0.05).n-6/n-3 PUFA,n-3 PUFA,EPA and DHA were associated with MRI-IAF(r=-0.377,0.565,all P<0.05); n-6/n-3 PUFA was correlated with the waist circumference(r=0.400,P=0.016) and BMI(r=0.357,P=0.033),while n6 PUFA showed no correlation with body fat parameters.N-6/n-3 PUFA was more potent to predict MRIIAF,waist circumference and BMI(adjusted R2=0.102,0.299,all P<0.05) than other polyunsaturated fatty acids.Conclusions The ratio of n-6/n-3 PUFA and n-3 PUFA may be positively correlated with EPA and DHA could be inversely associated with MRI-IAF and other body fat-related parameters in patients with metabolic syndrome,while n-6 PUFA did not show such a relationship.The ratio of n-6/n-3 PUFA might be more potent to predict MRI-IAF and other body fat-related parameters.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437587

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of signal transduction pathway of NF-κB on tubular cell apoptosis in ischemia-reperfusion induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in mice.Methods Eighteen C57B/6 mice were randomly (random number) divided into three groups,namely control group,AKI group,and pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) group.AKI model of mouse was made by occlusion of bilateral renal pedicles with microvascular clamps for 45 minutes,and intraperitoneal injection of PDTC (50 mg/kg) was given immediately after modeling in mice of PDTC group.Forty-eight hours after modeling,kidney pathological changes,serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were examined,and renal tissue NF-κB,TNFR,Bcl-2 and caspase-3 levels were detected by using immunohistochemistry,and tubular cell apoptosis was observed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling assay (TUNEL).Results (1) The pathological Pallers score of renal damage,blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels in PDTC group were significantly lower than those in AKI group [(2.83 ± 0.41)vs.(4.50± 0.55),P=0.000; (61.65 ±3.06) mmol/L vs.(77.78 ±5.82)mmol/L,P=0.000and (74.33 ± 9.83) μmol/L vs.(152.00 ± 16.55) μmol/L,P =0.000,respectively].(2) The level of NF-κB in renal tissue homogenates in PDTC group was significantly lower than that in AKI group [(20.33± 2.34) % vs.(35.83 ± 3.06) %,P =0.000].(3) The apoptotic index of renal tubular cells in PDTC group was significantly lower than that in AKI group [(16.67 ± 1.15) % vs.(28.00 ±2.01) %,P =0.001].(4) The levels of caspase-3 and TNFR1 in renal tissue homogenates in PDTC group were significantly lower than those in AKI group [(7.00 ± 1.26) vs.(11.00 ± 1.26),P =0.000 and (5.55 ± 0.82) vs.(9.75 ± 0.76),P =0.000],and Bcl-2 level in PDTC group was significantly higher than that in AKI group [(10.50± 1.38)vs.(1.83 ±0.98),P=0.000].Conclusions NF-κB activates renal tubular cell apoptosis in acute kidney injury induced in mice after ischemia-reperfusion.Blockade of NF-κB signal transduction pathway may lessen the apoptosis of renal tubular cells,leading to renal function less compromised.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814608

ABSTRACT

Lactoferrin (LF) is an 80 kD iron-binding glycoprotein that is most highly produced in human and bovine milk and is also widely distributed in mammals. Researches of more than 70 years on lactoferrin prove that the molecule, as a nutritional molecule for mammals, possesses several physiological roles, including maintaining iron absorption, anti-microbial activity and immune modulation. Recent studies have demonstrated that LF can protect against cancer in experimental animals and has anticarcinogenic activity in many human tumors. As a natural nutrition, the "old" gene-lactoferrin has attracted attention from medical community for its "new"anticarcinogenic role.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Humans , Lactoferrin , Pharmacology , Physiology , Milk , Chemistry , Milk, Human , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413492

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the association of Haptoglobin(Hp) polymorphism with acute coronary syndrome(ACS) in Chinese. Method A total of 112 patients with ACS including 57 patients with acute myocardial infarction and 55 patients with unstable angina pectoris confirmed with angiography and 121healthy controls were recruited in this study. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was utilized to genotype Hpl and Hp2 alleles and genotype frequencies in cases and controls were compared. All polymorphisms were test of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in both groups separately. The differences of genotypes and alleles between two groups were analyzed with x2 test. The association between Hp polymorphism and the risk of ACS was estimated by odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), and the comprehensive evaluation of the factors associated with ACS were determined by using multivariate logistic regression analysis. P <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results The frequency of Hp2-2 genotype was significantly higher in ACSs than in controls (0. 571 vs. 0. 355, P = 0. 001; OR = 2. 419, 95% CI:1. 427 ~4. 100), multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicates that Hp2-2 genotype is an independent risk factor to ACS (P = 0.002; OR = 2.557,95% CI: 1. 392 - 4.637). Similarly, the Hp2 allele frequency in ACS groups was significantly higher than that in the control subjects (0. 759 vs. 0. 616, P =0.001; OR = 1. 965,95% CI 1. 316 ~2. 934). Conclusion The Hp2-2 genotype is associated with ACS in Chinese. Hp2-2 genotype may be an independent risk factor to ACS, and Hp2 allele may be a genetic susceptibility factor to ACS in Chinese.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382669

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of mannan-binding lectin (MBL) on IL-8 and TNF-α production induced by Candida albicans ( C. albicans) in human THP1/CD14 monocytes. Methods The THP1/CD14 cells were stimulated for 24 h with heat-inactivated yeast form or hyphal form cells of C. albicans strain at the indicated ratios after pretreated with human natural MBL at concentrations ranging from 1 to 20 mg/L for 2 h. The content of IL-8 and TNF-α in culture supernatants were detected by ELISA,and the levels of IL-8 and TNF-α mRNA expressions in these cells were determined by RT-PCR. Western blot was used to detect C. albicans-induced NF-κB translocation in THP1/CDI4 cells. Results ELISA showed that secretion of IL-8 and TNF-α from THP1/CD14 cells could be induced by both yeast cells and hyphal cells. Hyphal cells proved to be much less efficient than yeast cells in stimulating production of IL-8and TNF-α by THP1/CD14 cells. The productions of IL-8 and TNF-α by THP1/CD14 cells induced with C.albicans were profoundly inhibited by MBL at higher concentrations ( 10-20 mg/L) but not MBL at lower concentrations ( 1 mg/L). RT-PCR analysis also indicated that the mRNA expressions of IL-8 and TNF-αt in THP1/CD14 cells were decreased to various extents by MBL at higher concentration, compared to the corresponding THP1/CD14 cells stimulated with C. albicans only. Similarly, MBL at higher concentration ( 20mg/L) decreased the NF-κB translocation in THP1/CD14 cells. Conclusion MBL may inhibit IL-8 and TNF-α production induced by dimorphism C. albicans in THP1/CD14 cells, suggesting that MBL can play some roles on the regulation of C. albicans immune response.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624579

ABSTRACT

The experimental teaching of morphlogy of bone marrow cytomorphology is the important content in the medical laboratory science.By conducting a series of reforms such as renewing teaching concept,consummating teaching condition,reforming teaching link,recombinating teaching content,establishing examination system about the experimental teaching of bone marrow cytomorphology may remarkably enhance student’s comprehensive ability and teacher’s anthusiasm and build the new type of relationship between teachers and students,which plays an important role in the cultivation of medical laboratory science specialized talents.

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