Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 36
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 128-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934181

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of antibiotic bone cement combined with delayed lateral supramolleolar perforator fascial flap in the treatment of diabetic foot(DF).Methods:From April 2020 to July 2021, a total of 6 patients with DF were treated with antibiotic bone cement combined with delayed lateral supramolleolar perforator fascial flap. The patients were 5 males and 1 female, aged from 45 to 67 years old with an average of 56.2 years old. The wounds were all located in dorsal foot, 4 in right foot and 2 in the left. The wound area was 2.4 cm×5.0 cm-6.5 cm×10.0 cm. The depth of wound were: 3 cases up to tendon layer, and 3 cases up to metatarsal bone. Two of the wound were complicated with metatarsal osteomyelitis. The wounds at Wagner grade 3 in 4 patients and grade 4 in 2 patients. The flap size was 3.0 cm×6.0 cm-8.0 cm×11.0 cm. All of the wounds were repaired with delayed supramolleolar perforator fascia flap after debridement, application of antibiotic bone cement and fumigation with Sanhuang decoction(a traditional Chinese medicine). The affected limbs were externally fixed with plaster and raised after surgery, and the colour, temperature, tension and capillary reaction of the flaps were closely observed. Stitches were removed 2 weeks after surgery and rehabilitation of the affected limb was performed. Regular follow-up was made postoperatively. The appearance of flaps and the scar of donor and recipient sites were observed. The foot and ankle function were evaluated by the American Orthopaedic Association foot and Ankle Surgery(AOFAS) score scale.Results:Six cases of DF had no recurrence of wound infection. All flaps survived well. The average follow-up time was 6(3-14) months. The postoperative follow-up revealed satisfactory appearance of the flap, only linear scars remained in the donor and recipient sites. The function of foot and ankle recovered well with full weight-bearing and normal walk. AOFAS scores ranged from 81 to 95.Conclusion:It is an effective method to treat DF by applying antibiotic bone cement combined with delayed superior lateral malleolus perforator fascial flap. The operation is simple, safe and can cut down the time of treatment, quickly control the wound infection. It deserves further trials.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755505

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of intraoperative warming on delirium during emergence from general anesthesia in elderly patients.Methods Eighty elderly patients of both sexes,aged ≥ 65 yr,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ,scheduled for elective total hip replacement,were assigned to routine group (group R,n=40) and warming group (group W,n=40).The non-operated site was covered using the sterile cloth,and no other active warming measurements were given in group C.Fluid was infused and warmed to 37 ℃,the non-operated site was covered using the forced-air warming system,and the temperature of the forced-air warming system was maintained at 38-42 ℃ in group W.The tympanic membrane temperatures was recorded at 5 min after anesthesia induction,at 30,60 and 90 min after beginning of surgery,at the end of surgery and at 30 min after emergence from anesthesia,and the difference between monitored values and monitored values on admission to operating room (△ T) was recorded at each time point.The intraoperative volume of fluid infused,operation time,extubation time,duration of postanesthesia care unit stay and development of delirium during emergence and shivering were recorded.Results Compared with group R,△T was significantly decreased at 60 and 90 min after beginning of surgery,the incidence of delirium during emergence and shivering was decreased,the extubation time and duration of postanesthesia care unit stay were shortened in group W (P<0.05).Conclusion Intraoperative warming can decrease the development of delirium during emergence from general anesthesia and is helpful in improving the quality of recovery from anesthesia in elderly patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 582-588, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614954

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the clinical epidemiology features of adult idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) in Zhongshan Hospital,and to investigate their therapeutic effect and its possible influence factors.Methods A total of 183 patients admitted to the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and diagnosed as IMN by renal biopsy from January 2013 to December 2015 were involved.Their baseline information including demographics and pathologic was collected.Patients were followed up for at least 12 months.Serum albumin < 30 g/L and 24 h urine protein > 3.5g were defined as nephrotic syndrome (NS).IMN patients were divided into NS and non-NS groups and compared.Furthermore,the baseline data of remission and no remission patients were compared,and the correlations of their baseline data with conservative and immunosuppressive therapy were assessed by logistic regression analysis.Results (1) IMN accounted for 11.1% of renal biopsy cases in our hospital,with an average age of 57 years and 59.6% male patients.(2) Compared with patients without NS,IMN patients with NS were older,had a shorter time from the onset to receive renal biopsy,lower estimated glomerular filtration rate,and higher total cholesterol,low density lipoprotein cholesterol,triglyceride and serum creatinine (all P < 0.05).(3) The effective rate of conservative treatment in IMN patients without NS was 65.7%,and the ineffective group had higher triglyceride compared with the effective group (P=0.019).(4) The effective rate of immunosuppressive therapy in IMN patients with NS was 81.2%,and low serum albumin was an independent risk factor for the poor efficacy of immunosuppressive therapy (OR=1.202,95% CI 1.003-1.440,P=0.046).(5) The effective rate of conservative treatment in IMN patients with NS was 55.5%,and low serum albumin was an independent risk factor for the poor efficacy of conservative treatment (OR=1.629,95%CI 1.047-2.536,P=0.023).Conclusions The detection rate of IMN is increasing year by year,but the remission rate of conservative treatment is still not low in mild and moderate patients.For the patients without NS,high triglyceride may predict a poor effect of conservative treatment.Hypoproteinemia is a predictor of poor effect,no matter what a NS patient takes immunosuppressive therapy or conservative treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 88-92, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296212

ABSTRACT

A safe and effective vaccine against the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is expected to have a considerable impact on elimination of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Despite decades of effort, an effective vaccine against HIV-1 remains elusive. In recent years, the Thai HIV Vaccine Efficacy Trial (known as RV144) showed a reduction in HIV-1 acquisition by 31%, but this agent could not delay disease progression in vaccinated individuals. Clinical analyses of experimental data and experiments in vitro have revealed two main types of immunogen design: induction of broad-spectrum neutralizing antibody (bNAb) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. bNAb can prevent or reduce acquisition of infection, and its main immunogens are virus-like particles, natural envelope trimers and stable bNAb epitopes. An effective CTL response can slow-down viral infection, and its main immunogens are "mosaic" vaccines, "conserved immunogens", and the "fitness landscape" of HIV-1 proteins. This review summarizes the strategies as well as progress in the design and testing of HIV-1 immunogens to elicit bNAb and CTL responses.


Subject(s)
AIDS Vaccines , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Animals , Drug Design , HIV Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , HIV Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , HIV-1 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans
5.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 215-221, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296194

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow stromal antigen 2 (BST-2) is a kind of host restriction factor. Since it was discovered to be responsible for the defect in virion release of HIV-1 mutants lacking the accessory gene vpu in 2008, it was thought to mainly restrict the viruses by directly tethering viral particles at the plasma membrane. Recent reports suggest that BST-2 also can inhibit the the release of HBV particles, which are budding in the intracellular vesicles, expanding the antiviral spectrum of BST-2. Futhermore, the machanism that BST-2 used to restrict HBV release in multivesicular bodies (MVBs) is similar to that used to restrict HIV at the plasma membrane. However, HBV have evolved strategies to antagonize the antiviral action of BST-2. There are two different opinions about the antagonist. One is HBV inactivated BST-2 by HBx requiring a hepatocyte-specific environment. Another thought envelope protein HBs counteract the antiviral action of BST-2. In this review, we focus on the current advances in the anti-HBV activity of BST-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , GPI-Linked Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Physiology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Humans , Virus Release
6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1818-1820, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467646

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage introduced by bedside ordinary-probe-guidance with free-hand technique in severe cholecystitis. Methods 85 cases treated with the operation were observed and analyzed. Results Infectious bile was successfully drained in all cases without serious complications. 83 cases received satisfactory outcomes. 2 elderly patients died from MODS secondary severe infection. Conclusion Bedside ordinary-probe-guided free-hand percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage is a safe and convenient treatment with minimal invasion for severe cholecystitis, which can be widely used in clinic.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481020

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the safety of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) compared with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP).Methods Databases including Cochrane library,MEDLINE,EMbase,Google Scholar and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched to enroll randomized clinical trials (RCT),controlled clinical trials (CCT) or retrospective case-control studies to compare LDP with ODP.All articles received quality assessment according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,then the selected indices were analyzed using the Review Manager Version 5.0 software (The Cochrane Collaboration,Oxford,United Kingdom).Results 21 manuscripts with a total of 2 797 patients were enrolled.1 150 patients underwent LDP and the remaining 1 647 patients underwent ODP.In 20 studies (n =2 597),the total postoperative complication rates were 33.90% for the LDP group versus 46.80% for the ODP group [RR =0.76,95% CI(0.69 ~ 0.84),P < 0.01].In 8 studies (n =1 869) there was no significant difference [RR =0.51,95% CI(0.21 ~ 1.24),P >0.05] in the perioperative mortality between LDP (4/703) and ODP (18/1 166).In 20 studies (n =2 757) there was no significant difference [RR =0.89,95% CI(0.75 ~ 1.06),P > 0.05] in the pancreatic fistula rate between LDP (168/1 132) and ODP (281/1 625).In 11 studies (n =1 840) the wound infection rate of LDP (3.24%) was significantly lower than ODP (10.85%) [RR =0.34,95% CI(0.23 ~ 0.52),P < 0.01].No significance was found between the two groups in the rates of pulmonary complications,peritoneal infection,urinary tract infection,postoperative bleeding,pseudocyst formation,intestinal obstruction and ascites formation between LDP and ODP.Conclusions When compared with the traditional open procedure,LDP has the advantages of significantlylower rates of postoperative complication and wound infection.There were no significant differences in postoperative mortality,and pancreatic fistula rate between LDP and ODP.This meta-analysis suggests that LDP is a safe and feasible operative method.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481017

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the long-term outcomes of partial hepatectomy versus choledocholithotomy both combined with choledochoscopy,for the treatment of hepatolithiasis.Methods Patients who underwent either type of the operations were followed up and examined using hepatobiliary magnetic resonance (enhanced MRI + MRCP).The incidences of abnormal imaging in the two groups were compared.Results Of 268 patients,138 patients underwent partial hepatectomy and the remaining 130 patients underwent choledocholithotomy.When hepatectomy was compared with choledocholithotomy,the recurrence rate of acute cholangitis combined with bile duct stone (5.8% vs.21.5%),the reoperation rate (5.8% vs.21.5%),the bile duct stricture rate (8.0% vs.44.6%),the abnormal liver parenchyma perfusion rate (4.3% vs.23.1%),the incidence of intrahepatic bile duct enhancement or thickening (1.5% vs.26.9%),the incidence of hepatic atrophy (3.0% vs.30.0%) and the incidence of cholangiocarcinoma (0 vs.2.3%) were better.Conclusions The long-term adverse outcomes were significantly worse in the choledocholithotomy group than in the partial hepatectomy group.Choledocholithotomy combined with choledochoscopy should only be considered as a complementary procedure to partial hepatectomy in hepatolithiasis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815341

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common cancer in digestive system, with the highest mortality rate. Its pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment have been studied extensively. With the deepening of the investigations, more and more studies show that miRNA is closely related with the carcinogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of CRC. The abnormal expression of blood miRNA is expected to become the biomarkers for early diagnosis of CRC and prognostic evaluation, and it may provide a new strategy for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Carcinogenesis , Colorectal Neoplasms , Blood , Early Detection of Cancer , Humans , MicroRNAs , Blood , Prognosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438004

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of surgical management of postoperative intrahepatic duct stones and strictures with choledochoscope.Methods The clinical data of 1241 patients with intrahepatic duct stones and strictures who were admitted to the Shenzhen People's Hospital from January 2000 to December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.All patients were divided into postoperative choledochoscopy group (652 patients were treated by choledochoscope through T-tube fistula) and conservative treatment group (589 patients were treated by cholangic and antibiotic drugs) according to treatment plan.The clinical data including stricture alleviation,incidence of complications and treatment efficacies of the 2 groups were compared using the chi-square test.Results In the postoperative choledochoscopy group,the intrahepatic duct stones of 630 patients were completely removed,with the removal rate of 96.63% (630/652),which was significandy higher than 76.23% (449/589) of the conservative treatment group (x2=113.407,P < 0.05).A total of 1237 intrahepatic duct strictures were detected in the postoperative choledochoscopy group,including 698 cases of membranous stricture (the length of strictured bile duct < 2 mm),529 cases of spool-shaped stricture (2 mm ≤ the length of strictured bile duct ≤5 mm),8 cases of long tube-shaped stricture (the length of strictured bile duct > 5 mm),2 cases of crackshaped stricture.The alleviation rate of the stricture was 99.35% (1229/1237).The conditions of 6 cases of long tube-shaped stricture and 2 cases of crack-shaped stricture were not alleviated.There were 986 cases of intrahepatic duct strictures in the conservative treatment group,and the stricture alleviation rate was 80.43% (793/986).There was a significant difference in the stricture alleviation rate between the 2 groups (x2=238.994,P < 0.05).Nine patients in the postoperative choledochoscopy group had severe complications.Five patients had intrahepatic duct hemorrhage with a volume of blood loss more than 1500 ml,and they were treated by balloon dilatation hemostasis.One patient with repeated intrahepatic duct bleeding received hepatectomy.Two patients with severe intrahepatic cholangitis received choledochoscopy.Two patients had incomplete formation of sinus and they received implantation of biliary stents under duodenoscope.Conclusion Standard surgical management with choledochoscope can effectively alleviate postoperative intrahepatic duct stones and strictures.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306493

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of the γ isoform of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKIIγ) on colorectal cancer (CRC) cell growth in vitro and in vivo and explore the mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mRNA levels of CaMKIIγ in 5 CRC cell lines, tumor tissues and matched adjacent tissues from 20 CRC patients were examined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The lentiviral vector pLenti6.3-MCS-IRES2-eGFP was used to generate the lentivirus particle Lenti-CaMKIIγ for transfecting SW620 cells. The proliferation ability of the transfected SW620-CaMKIIγ cells was assessed by growth curve and colony formation assay. The expression of IKKα, IKKβ, IKKγ, p-IKKα/β, p-IκB andIκB of the transfected cells were determined by Western blotting, and the expression and localization of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 were detected by immunofluorescence. In nude mouse models bearing the transfected SW620-CaMKIIγ cell xenograft, the tumor volume was measured twice a week.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CaMKIIγ mRNA showed high expressions in the 5 colorectal cancer cell lines. Eighteen of the 20 tumor tissues showed higher expressions of CaMKIIγ than the adjacent non-tumor tissues. The proliferation of transfected SW620-CaMKIIγ cells was enhanced significantly. CaMKIIγ activated NF-κB signaling pathway and led to NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation. In the tumor-bearing mouse model, the volume of the tumors generated by the transfected SW620-CaMKIIγ cells was 1.46- and 1.68-fold higher than that of the tumors with the control cells at the 8th and 12th day, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CaMKIIγ can effectively promote the growth of colorectal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo by activating NF-κB signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635147

ABSTRACT

The effects of epigenetic modification on the differentiation of islet cells and the expression of associated genes (Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA, and Nkx6.1, etc) were investigated. The promoter methylation status of islet differentiation-associated genes (Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA and Nkx6.1), Oct4 and MLH1 genes of mouse embryonic stem cells, NIH3T3 cells and NIT-1 cells were profiled by methylated DNA immunoprecipitation, real-time quantitative PCR (MeDIP-qPCR) techniques. The histone modification status of these genes promoter region in different cell types was also measured by using chromatin immunoprecipitation real-time quantitative PCR methods. The expression of these genes in these cells was detected by using real-time quantitative PCR. The relationship between the epigenetic modification (DNA methylation, H3 acetylation, H3K4m3 and H3K9m3) of these genes and their expression was analyzed. The results showed that: (1) the transcription-initiation-sites of Pdx-1, MafA and Nkx6.1 were highly methylated in NIH3T3 cells; (2) NIH3T3 cells showed a significantly higher level of DNA methylation modification in the transcription-initiation-site of Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA and Nkx6.1 genes than that in mES cells and NIT-1 cells (P<0.05); (3) NIT-1 cells had a significantly higher level of H3K4m3 modification in the transcription-initiation-site of Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA and Nkx6.1 genes than that in mES cells and NIH3T3 cells (P<0.05), with significantly increased level of gene expression; (4) NIH3T3 cell had a significantly higher level of H3K9m3 modification in the transcription-initiation-site of Pdx-1, Pax4, MafA and Nkx6.1 genes than that in mES cells and with NIT-1 cell (P<0.05), with no detectable mRNA expression of these genes. It was concluded that histone modification (H3K4m3 and H3K9m3) and DNA methylation might have an intimate communication between each other in the differentiation process from embryonic stem cells into islet cells.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413239

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the effect of the modified structure of oxygen equipment on oxygen inhalation effect of patients receiving oxygen therapy.Methods The structure of oxygen equipment was modified.and 80 patients who required oxygen therapy were divided into the modified group and the non-modified group according to odd and even number of hospital admission sequence randomly with 40 patients in each group.The modified group used the modified oxygen equipment,the non-modified group used traditional one.The differences of respiration,heart rate and blood oxygen saturation rate between the two groups before oxygen inhalation,30 minutes and 2 hours after oxygen were compared.Results There was no significant difference in the respiration,heart rate and blood oxygen saturation rate between the two groups.Conclusions The modified oxygen equipment doesn't affect the oxygen therapy effect of patients,besides,it avoids the problems of pollution and the complicated disinfection procedure of the structure of the humidifier bottle,fluid and breathing vessel of the traditional equipment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412879

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of bone mineral density and risk factors of OP in old female patients with type Ⅱ diabetes.Methods 737 cases of old female patients with type Ⅱ diabetes in Department of Endocrinology were analyzed.All patients were first divided into two groups(Group A,with OP;Group B,without OP)according to OP.Then,the changes of bone mineral density and related risk factors were analyzed with Logistic regression approach.Results In the comparison of Group A and Group B,the results are shown as follows.In Group A:ICTP(7.34±1.84)μg/L,FBG(7.12±1.14)mmol/L,BMI(22.45±2.37)kg/m2,BMD,A(62.45±17.56);InGroup B,the corresponding levels were(4.13±1.07)μg/L,(8.48±1.28)mmol/L,(15.46±6.78)mmol/L,(89.75±14.56)respectively.The resuhs presented statistical differences.(t=29.958、-14.405、16.262、-22.665,both P<0.05).In Group A,HbAle(7.33±0.32)%,serum calcium(2.35±0.72)mmol/L,serum phosphorus(1.03±0.23)mmol/L,the corresponding values in Group B are(7.21±0.24)%,(2.42±0.34)mmol/L,(1.02±0.28)mmol/L.There sxe no statistical differences in two groups(both P>0.05).In Group A,FN(52.50±18.40)pmol/L,UALB was(8.03 ±1.86)mg/L,Leptin was(5.14 ±1.19)μg/L;the Values in Group B were (40.70±16.34)pmol/L,(5.91±1.24)mg/L,(5.63±1.23)μg/L,The values of FN,UALB in both groups had statistical differences(t=7.469、18.515,both P<0.05);the values of Loptin in two groups had no statistical difference(P>0.05).Based on the incidence of OP among old female patients,the leveh of HbAlc,serum calcium,serum phosphorus,ICTP,FBG,BMI、BMD,FN,UALB,Leptin,course of disease,losing body mass,were taken as independent variables and to analyze use Logistic Regression approach.Conclusion FN,UALB,course of disease,BMI and losing body mass were the independent risk factors of OP in old female patients with type Ⅱ diabetes.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 12-16, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382815

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of repeated low dose intravenous infusion of low molecular weight iron dextran and iron sucrose on oxidative stress in chronic renal failure (CRF) rats. Methods CRF model was established by 5/6 subtotal nephrectomy (5/6 Nx). Four weeks after removing the right kidney, successful rats were randomly divided into low molecular weight iron dextran group, sucrose iron group and CRF control group. The sham group was established simultaneously. The dose of iron administrated in each rat was similar in iron dextran group and sucrose iron group. There were 6 rats in each group. Animals were observed for 6weeks, then the blood, urine and renal tissue samples were collected, and indexes of renal function,anemia, iron status and oxidative stress were investigated. Results The hemoglobulin (Hb) level in iron groups was significantly higher as compared to control group (P<0.05) but was not significantly different between two iron groups. The levels of serum iron, ferritin and saturation rate of transferring (TS) were obviously lower in control group as compared to sham group (P<0.05).Levels of above 3 indexes were significantly higher in two iron groups as compared to control group (P<0.05), but were not significantly different between two iron groups. Concentration of plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) was obviously higher in two iron groups than that in control group [(127.84±21.19) μmol/L, (134.21±29.38) μmol/L vs (81.83±19.93) μmol/L, P<0.05]. Plasma malonaldehyde (MDA) was significantly higher in iron sucrose group than that in iron dextran group [(6.06±0.73) nmol/L vs (4.99i0.80) nmol/L, P<0.05]. Serum levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and total anti-oxidant capacity (TAOC) had no significant differences among three CRF groups. Concentration of plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) was significantly decreased in three CRF groups as compared to sham group (P<0.05), while plasma GSH-Px was significantly lower in sucrose iron group than that in iron dextran group and control group [(2123.11±74.78)nmol ·ml-1 ·min-1 vs (2352.84±163.90) nmol· ml-1 ·min-1, (2310.23±125.99) nmol ·ml-1 ·min-1, P<0.05]. Conclusions Injection of intravenous iron can partially improve the anemia and the iron status indexes in 5/6 Nx CRF rats. Repeated low dose intravenous infusion of iron dextran and iron sucrose can aggravate the oxidative stress state in CRF rats, and the iron sucrose is worst.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401217

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the role of epigenetic modification in Pdx-1 gene transcription and expression, and to compare the differences between epigenetic modifications of Pdx-1 gene promoter in various cell types of mice. METHODS: The promoter DNA methylation and histone modification status of Pdx-1 and MLH1 genes in NIT-1 cells, NIH3T3 cells and mouse embryonic stem cells were measured by chromatin immunoprecipitation-real time PCR method. The expression levels of these genes in the three cell lines were measured by real time RT-PCR. The relation between epigenetic modifications and gene expression was analyzed. RESULTS: (1) Compared to mES cells, there was lower DNA methylation and higher H3K4m3 modification levels in the promoter of Pdx-1 gene in NIT-1 cells (P<0.05). DNA methylation, H3 acetylation, H3K4m3 and H3K9m3 modification levels in the promoter of Pdx-1 gene in NIH3T3 cells were distinctly increased (P<0.05). (2) Pdx-1 gene transcription expressed only in NIT-1 cells. The Spearman's rho between Pdx-1 gene expression and DNA methylation (r=-0.802,P<0.01) was observed. The Pearson correlation between Pdx-1 gene expression and H3K4m3 modification (r=0.997,P<0.01) was also found. The Spearman's rho between Pdx-1 gene expression and H3K9m3 modification (r=-0.879,P<0.01) was observed. (3) No correlation between housekeeper MLH1 gene expression and epigenetic modification was found. CONCLUSION: DNA methylation, H3K4m3 and H3K9m3 modification coordinated participate to regulate and control the expression of Pdx-1 gene. It is of great significance to the differentiation of β cells from ES cells.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 689-695, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383222

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the location and expression of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) subunits in the remnant kidney of 5/6 nephrectomy rats. Methods Remnant kidneys were produced in adult male SD rats by 5/6 nephrectomy. The renal function and histopathological changes were evaluated at week 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 after operation. Tissues of remnant kidneys were collected to detect the location and expression of HIF-1α and HIF-2α by immunohistochemistry staining and Western blotting. The mRNA levels of HIF targeted genes vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were determined by RTPCR. Results (1) 5/6 nephrectomy rats underwent one week of acute renal failure at first[Scr (122.8±22.1) μmol/L] and then developed compensative chronic renal failure [(66.0±3.7)-(66.4±8.4) μmol/L], but the level of Scr increased quickly after week 6 [(66.4±8.4)-(127.8±22.7) μmol/L],concomitantly with progressive tubulointerstitial fibrosis in remnant kidney cortex. (2) In cortex, HIF-1α was expressed only in the atrophic and dilated tubular cells while HIF-2α was located in endothelial, interstitial fibroblasts, and vascular smooth muscle cells. The semiquantitative results of imunohistochemistry and Western blotting revealed that HIF-1α and HIF-2α were both gradually up-regulated during the early stage of remnant kidney, peaked at week 4 and 6, and then gradually down-regulated. (3) The mRNA levels of HIF targeted genes VEGF and HO-1 transiently peeked at week 4 and 6, and then decreased gradually. Conclusions The increased stabilization of HIF-αprotein and transcription of HIF targeted genes at the early stage of this model is a compensation reaction towards hypoxia. The mechanism of decreased expression of HIF-α at the end stage of chronic kidney disease deserves further investigation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263069

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To increase the reproduction efficiency of Iris plants.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Pollen viability, stigmatic receptivity, the color of anther and stigma of 5 Iris plants were observed during blooming.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>1. The highest pollen viability was in 4 hours after blooming; 2. The stigmatic receptivities of I. sichuanensis, I. leptophylla, I. lactea and I. goniocarpa were strong in 4 hours after blooming, while that of I. lactea var. chinensis was strong in 2 hours after blooming; 3. The color of anther could reflect the pollen viability, but could not indicate the viability level; 4. The stigma color could not reflect the receptivity of stigma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The optimum artificial pollination time of these five species were 12:00 -14:00.</p>


Subject(s)
Biological Evolution , Color , Flowers , Physiology , Iris Plant , Physiology , Odorants , Plant Infertility , Pollen , Pollination , Physiology , Reproduction , Physiology , Species Specificity
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624495

ABSTRACT

Immunology teaching course includes both basic immunology and clinical im-munology.This paper points out the problems of teaching and knowledge integration between the basic immunology and clinical immunology and suggests that teaching team should include the basic immunology and clinical immunology related content clinical experts to promote teaching quality.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-563178

ABSTRACT

Objective Compare the reproductive activity of pancreatic stem cells isolated from diabetic rat with that of normal rat to assess the effect of microenvirement on stem cells'proliferation.Methods Diabetic rat model were prepared by peritoneal injecting 60mg/kg streptozotocin.Pancreata from 10 diabetic rats and 10 normal rats were trimmed and digested into single cells which were then inoculated onto the culture plate respectively.After passaging 3 generation the cells were identified by nestin immunostaining.During culturing the cell growth curve was observed and the cell cycle of the third and seventh generation cultured cells was evaluated by flow cytometry.Results After passaging pancreatic stem cells was purified and identified by nestin immunostaining.The reproductive activity of diabetic rat was much better[ratio of s stage:(20.7?2.7)% vs(14.1?2.5)%,P0.05].Conclusions The stem cells are stimulated to proliferate after islet injure.The reproductive activity of cells can be provoked by the microenvironment.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL