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1.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 729-733, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the kinetic metrics of 68Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI)-04 in pancreatic cancers and normal organs by using total-body PET dynamic imaging. Methods:From December 2020 to December 2021, 68Ga-FAPI-04 total-body PET/CT dynamic imaging were performed on 6 pancreatic cancer patients (3 males, 3 females, median age 55.5 years) in Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Images were respectively analyzed. Manual delineations of volume of interests (VOIs) on multiple normal organs and pathological lesions were performed and time-to-activity curves (TACs) were generated. A reversible two-tissue compartment model (2TCM) was fitted for each tissue TAC. Rate constants including K1, k2, k3 and k4, and the total volume of distribution ( Vt) were obtained and compared by tissue types. Wilcoxon rank sum test and Spearman correlation analysis were used for data analysis. Results:Kinetic metrics varied significantly among normal organs and pancreatic cancer lesions ( z values: 2.00-1 240.00, all P<0.05). The highest K1 among lesions was observed in primary tumor (0.30 min -1), which was observed in the spleen (1.42 min -1) among normal organs. The highest k2 among lesions was observed in peritoneal metastases (0.24 min -1), which was observed in the spleen (2.59 min -1) among normal organs. Primary tumor showed the highest k3 of 0.17 min -1 among lesions, and the pancreas had the highest k3 of 0.16 min -1 among normal organs. Primary tumor had the highest k4 of 0.03 min -1 among lesions, and the heart, lungs, parotid glands had high k4(0.06 min -1) among normal organs. Vt were higher in pathological lesions compared to normal organs, with the highest in primary tumor (13.78 ml/cm 3). There were correlations between Vt in lesions and SUV mean( rs=0.86, P<0.001) or SUV max ( rs=0.77, P<0.001). Conclusion:The rate constants including K1, k2, k3 and k4, and Vt of 68Ga-FAPI-04 vary among normal organs and lesions.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 76-81, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate a classification on age of diagnosis and its clinical characteristics in hospitalized elderly patients with first diagnosed Crohn's disease.Methods:This was retrospective case-control study.A total of 181 newly diagnosed CD patients were admitted to Huadong Hospital from January 2005 to December 2019.According to Montreal CD classification criteria based on the age at the time of diagnosis(sub-grouping A3 into A3 and A4 in this paper), 181 CD patients were classified into four groups: the A1 group(≤16 years, n=4), A2 group(17-40 years, n=60)and A3 group(41-59 years, n=63)(above three as control groups), and the A4 group[≥60 years, with elder-onset Crhon's disease(EOCD), n=54]as a study group.Results:A total of 181 first diagnosed CD patients who met the diagnostic criteria were included in this study.During the investigation period, the total incidence rate of CD was 37.90/100, 000, and the total prevalence rate of CD was 142.79/100, 000.Among the 181 first diagnosed CD patients, there were 4 patients(2.2%)with age of diagnosis of ≤16 years(group A1), 60 patients(33.2%)with age of diagnosis of 16-40 years(A2), 63 patients(34.8%)with age of diagnosis of 41-59 years(A3)and 54 patients(29.8%)with age of diagnosis of ≥=60 years(A4). Of these first diagnosed CD patients, male were dominant in A2 group(51 males / 9 females), while the ratio of males and females tended to be the same(32 males /31 females)in A3 group, and the proportion of female patients was greater than that of male patients in A4 group(25 males /29 females)( P<0.0001). The main CD lesion was ileocolic type in the EOCD group, accounting for 57.4%( P=0.0077). The incidence rate of ileus type CD was 42.6%( P=0.1942). Among the 163 CD patients who underwent colonoscopy, under Simple Endoscopic Score for CD(SES-CD)evaluation, the proportion of SES-CD severity type in EOCD group was as high as 82.2%, which was higher than that in the A3 group(51.7%, P=0.0187). All CD patients underwent pathological examination.There were 173 cases(95.6%)with focal lymphocytic infiltration, 120 cases(66.3%)with inflammatory infiltration on the crypt epithelial and 82 cases(45.3%)with non-caseous granuloma tissue.In the EOCD group, non-caseous granuloma accounted for 61.1%, which was higher than that in the A3 and A2 groups( P=0.0318). In the EOCD group, the non-complication rate was 1.89%, and the incidence rates of 3, 4 and ≥5 complications were 14.8%, 22.2% and 24.1%, respectively( P<0.0001, P=0.0280, 0.0141 and 0.0013). The sulphasalazine(SASP)alone was the main treatment method, accounting for 42.6%( P=0.0038), and the surgery accounted for 24.1%( P=0.9598). Conclusions:The incidence and trend of EOCD are basically consistent with those of adult-onset CD and showed an rising volatility.Incidence rate of EOCD is higher in females than in males.EOCD lesions of visual observation under endoscope are serious.The detection rate of non-caseous granulomas and related scars is high under microscope.EOCD patients have many complications, and SASP alone is the main treatment method.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 546-554, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871486

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Acyl-CoA: lysocardiolipin acyltransferase 1 (ALCAT1) on hepatocyte steatosis and oxidative stress in fatty liver cell model.Methods:A fatty liver cell model was established and induced by free fatty acids (FFA). The expression of ALCAT1 in fatty liver cell model was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. The empty siRNA plasmid and ALCAT1 siRNA plasmid were constructed. For the fatty liver cell model group, human normal hepatocytes (L-02 cells) were transfected with empty siRNA plasmid for 24 hours, and then cultured with FFA for 24 hours. For the ALCAT1 interfering group, L-02 cells were transfected with ALCAT1 siRNA plasmid for 24 hours, and then cultured with FFA for 24 hours. And L-02 cells cultured in common medium were used as as blank control group. Lipid droplet deposition and mitochondrial morphology were observed under transmission electron microscopy. The expression levels of autophagy-associated proteins (microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-Ⅱ and Beclin1) and key proteins of autophagy signal pathway (mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and serine/threonine kinase (AKT)) were measured by Western blotting. The expression levels of oxidative stress products (malondialdehyde, 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and reactive oxygen species (ROS)) and inflammatory factors (interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Independent sample t test was used for statistical analysis. Results:The mRNA and protein expression levels of ALCAT1 of the fatty liver cell model group were both higher than that of negative control group (9.26±0.83 vs. 1.02±0.12, 0.35±0.02 vs. 0.17±0.01), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=9.82 and 6.83, both P<0.05). The results of electron microscopy indicated that the deposition of lipid droplets of the fatty liver cell model group and ALCAT1 interfering group were both higher than that of blank control group (17.67±3.52 and 7.67±0.33 vs. 4.33±0.33), the quantity of lipid droplets deposition of ALCAT1 interfering group was lower than that of fatty liver cell model group (7.67±0.33 vs. 17.67±3.52), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=3.76, 7.07 and 2.82, all P<0.05). The degree of mitochondria swelling of fatty liver cell model group was higher than that of blank control group and the degree of mitochondria swelling of ALCAT1 interfering group was lower than that of fatty liver cell model group. The results of Western blotting showed that the expression level of LC3-Ⅱof the fatty liver cell model group was higher than that of the blank control group (0.43±0.01 vs. 0.28±0.02), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=7.32, P<0.05). However there was no significant difference in the expression level of Beclin1 between fatty live cell model group and blank control group (0.93±0.05 vs. 0.98±0.05, P>0.05). The expression levels of LC3-Ⅱ and Beclin1 of the ALCAT1 interfering group were both higher than those of the fatty liver cell model group and blank control group (0.95±0.04 vs. 0.42±0.01 and 0.28±0.02, 2.07±0.06 vs. 0.93±0.05 and 0.98±0.05), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=13.30, 15.63, 14.05 and 13.02, all P<0.05). The expression levels of mTOR of the fatty liver cell model group and ALCAT1 interfering group were both lower than that of the blank control group (1.44±0.02 and 0.74±0.01 vs. 1.93±0.10), the expression level of mTOR of the ALCAT1 interfering group was lower than that of the fatty liver cell model group (0.74±0.01 vs. 1.44±0.02), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.83, 12.04 and 32.14, all P<0.05). The expression levels of phosphorylated AKT of the fatty liver cell model group and ALCAT1 interfering group were both lower than that of the blank control group (0.14±0.01 and 0.07±0.01 vs. 0.28±0.01), while the expression level of phosphorylated AKT of the ALCAT1 interfering group was lower than that of the fatty liver cell model group (0.07±0.01 vs. 0.14±0.01), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=8.59, 14.10 and 5.96, all P<0.05). The results of ELISA indicated that the expression levels of ROS, malondialdehyde, 4-HNE, IL-6 and TNF-α of the fatty liver cell model group and the ALCAT1 interfering group were all higher than those of the blank control group ((11.44±0.30) and (5.84±0.36) g/L vs. (1.72±0.38) g/L; (19.94±2.47) and (11.95±1.55) μmol/L vs. (1.47±0.18) μmol/L; (5.00±0.43) and (2.99±0.37) ng/L vs. (1.46±0.23) ng/L; (203.40±5.16) and (92.07±11.98) ng/L vs. (23.32±3.33) ng/L; (123.70±8.38) and (67.42±4.88) ng/L vs. (47.18±4.57) ng/L), and the differences were all statistically significant ( t=19.86, 7.86, 7.45, 6.74, 7.22, 3.49, 29.34, 5.53, 8.02 and 3.03, all P<0.05). While the expression levels of ROS, 4-HNE, IL-6 and TNF-α of the ALCAT1 interfering group were all lower than those of the fatty liver cell model group ((5.84±0.36) g/L vs. (11.44±0.30) g/L, (2.99±0.37) ng/L vs. (5.00±0.43) ng/L, (92.07±11.98) ng/L vs. (203.40±5.16) ng/L and (67.42±4.88) ng/L vs. (123.70±8.38) ng/L), and all the differences were statistically significant ( t=11.99, 3.51, 8.54 and 5.81, all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the expression of malondialdehyde between ALCAT1 interfering group and fatty liver cell model group ((11.95±1.55) μmol/L vs. (19.94±2.47) μmol/L, P>0.05). Conclusions:The expression of ALCAT1 is up-regulated in fatty liver cell model. Knockdown of ALCAT1 can inhibit the expression of mTOR pathway proteins, activate autophagy, alleviate hepatocyte steatosis, oxidative stress and inflammatory response.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 166-170, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804714

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical features of inpatients infected with influenza A virus, and then to provide evidence for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of influenza A in primary hospital.@*Methods@#The clinical data of inpatients with influenza A in one district hospital from Dec 2016 to Mar 2017 were collected to analyze retrospectively.@*Results@#A total of 21 665 patients were admitted to hospital from Dec 2016 to Mar 2017. Among them 647 flu-like cases accepted influenza A nucleic acid detection, and 203 cases were positive, the positive rate was 31.4%. The median age of influenza A positive patients was 64.25 years, and 20.2% were 0 to 4 years, 49.26% were 65 years of age or older. 58.13% patients had at least one underlying medical condition. Fever, Cough and Sputum were the most symptoms of patients infected with influenza A. Compared with the patients under 60 years old, non-fever symptoms were more common in those 60 years or older, the difference was statistically significant (χ2=15.43, P<0.001). Laboratory examination indicated that lymphocytopenia were detected in 54.27% of patients, and increased level of C-reactive protein and procalcitonin (PCT) in 74.83% and 11.76% of patients respectively. Moreover, 75.58% of patients had high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), 8 patients (97.3%) had findings consistent with pneumonia. 78.33% of patients received anti-viral treatment with oseltamivir, the rate of antibiotic utilization was as high as 85.22%. The median of hospitalization expense of patients infected with influenza A was 4 280 (interquartile range 2 792-9 565) yuan, and the cost of inpatients who had combined underlying diseases were higher than that in inpatients who had no coexisting medical conditions, the difference was statistically significant (Z=7.106, P<0.01). No death occurred in this study.@*Conclusions@#Children and old people were at high risk for influenza A infection. Fever, cough and lymphocytopenia were the common clinical features of patients infected with influenza A. It is especially noteworthy for the patients who were 60 years of age or older with flu-like symptoms but without fever, or the patients who had one or more underlying medical conditions, and such patients should receive influenza virus nucleic acid tests as early as possible.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 216-219, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704554

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe therapeutic efficacy and safety of Shuxuetong injection combined with rosuvastatin in the treatment of angina pectoris after acute myocardial infarction.METHODS:The information of 68 patients with angina pectoris after acute myocardial infarction were collected retrospectively and divided into control group (34 cases) and study group (34 cases).Based on routine treatment,control group was given Rosuvastatin calcium tablet 10 mg orally,once a day.Study group was additionally given Shuxuetong injection 6 mL added into 0.9% Sodium chloride injection 250 mL intravenously,once a day,on the basis of control group.Both groups were treated for 14 days.Clinical efficacies of 2 groups were observed,and the levels of platelet activation markers (CD62p,CD63,PAC-1,LPA),vascular endothelial growth function indexes (NO,ET-1,VEGF)were observed before and after treatment.The occurrence of ADR was observed.RESULTS:The total response rate of the study group was (94.12%) was significantly higher than that of control group (73.53%),with statistical significance (P<0.05).After treatment,the levels of platelet activation markers,ET-1 and VEGF of 2 groups were significantly lower than before treatment,the study group was significantly lower than the control group;the levels of NO in 2 groups were significantly higher than before treatment,the study group was significantly higher than the control group,with statistical significance (P<0.05).There was no statistical significance in the incidence of ADR between 2 groups (P>0.05).CONCLUSIONS:Based on routine treatment,Shuxuetong injection combined with msuvastatin show significant therapeutic efficacy for angina pectoris after acute myocardial infarction,which can effectively improve vascular endothelial growth function and platelet function,without increasing the occurrence of ADR.

6.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (4 [Special]): 1629-1632
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199256

ABSTRACT

The Clinical therapeutic effect and safety of celecoxib in treating knee osteoarthritis were observed. 180 patients who have been confirmed with knee osteoarthritis in our hospital were selected as research objects. They were randomly divided into research group and control group, each containing 90 patients. The control group was given with diclofenac sodium therapy, while the research group was subjected to celecoxib therapy. The total therapeutic response rates between the two groups were observed and compared. The total therapeutic response rate of research groups was relatively higher, P<0.05. There was no significant difference in pain score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], quality of life score [QLS] between two groups before treatment, P<0.05. However, these indexes of research group were superior then the control group after treatment, P<0.05. In addition, the rate of adverse reaction of research group was also lower than that of control group, P<0.05. Using celecoxib to treat knee osteoarthritis can significantly improve the total therapeutic rate and reduce the rate of adverse effect

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 388-390, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493304

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlative factors of peptic ulcer recurrence in the elderly. Methods From January to December 2009,169 elderly patients (≥ 60 years old)with peptic ulcer delected by edoscopy were enrolled,whose treatment and usage of medication were analyzed.Data of treatment and recurrence in 3-year follow-up were recorded.Mann-Whitney rank sum test and Logistic regression analysis were performed to analyze the correlated factors.Results The potential risk factors associated with recurrence of peptic ulcer in the elderly were screened and analyzed by single factor analysis,and ulcer size, ulcer location, concomitant usage of drugs, smoking and condition of Helicobacterpylori (H .pylori )infection at the end of follow-up were found to be correlated with recurrence of peptic ulcer in the elderly.After adjusting age and gender,the potential risk factors were analyzed by a Logistic stepwise regression model.Smoking (OR = 1 .788,P = 0.001 ),combined medication (OR=6.202,P =0.015 ),ulcer size (OR =2.697,P =0.032 )and condition of H .pylori infection at the end of follow-up (OR=43.784,P =0.007)were found to be correlated with recurrence of peptic ulcer in the elderly.Conclusion Smoking,combined medication,ulcer size and condition of H .pylori infection at the end of follow-up have an impact on peptic ulcer recurrence in the elderly.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 412-417, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493289

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Houpu Paiqi mixture in treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD)with abdominal distension symptom.Methods From July 2014 to June 2015 , in nine centers,a total of 162 FD patients with abdominal distension symptom and met Rome Ⅲpostprandial distress syndrome (PDS)diagnostic criteria were enrolled.All patients were randomly divided into trial group and control group,81 patients in either group.The patients of trial group and control group took Houpu Paiqi mixture or placebo,respectively,25 mL per time,twice daily,and both the courses of treatment were two weeks.Before and after the treatment,the improvement of main symptoms,total clinical efficacy rate and efficacy of traditional medicine between two groups were compared.Chi square test,Fisher exact probability method and Wilcoxon test were performed for statistical analysis.Results According to the results of per-protocol (PP)analysis,the total efficacy rate of trial group and control group was 69.4% (50/72)and 59.2% (42/71),respectively,and there was no statistically significant difference in total efficacy rate between the two groups (χ2 =1 .650,P =0.199 ). And there was no statistically significant difference in the improvement of PDS main symptoms(postprandial fullnessand early satiety)between the two groups (56.3% ±27.9% vs 54.4% ±32.1%,t =0.606,P =0.727 ).For those with baseline symptom score over 14,median early satiety score of trial group after the treatment was 0,which was lower than that of control group,and the difference was statistically significant (Z =-2.370,P =0.018).The total efficacy rate of traditional medicine of trial group was 80.8% (59/73 )and that of control group was 72.0% (54/75 ),and the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 0.676,P =0.411 ).Conclusion Houpu Paiqi mixture has certain efficacy in FD with abdominal distension,and could be used for the treatment of PDS-predominant FD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 675-678, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497766

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of vitamin A(VitA) on T help 17(Th17) and regulatory T cells (Treg) in the peripheral blood in children with asthma and their dose effect relationship,and to investigate the immunoregulation mechanism of VitA.Methods Twenty children with asthma (asthma group) and 16 healthy children (healthy control group) were selected.Peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMC) were isolated from venous blood by density gradient centrifugation in the aseptic condition.Different concentrations of VitA [0.0μmol/L (blank control),0.5μmol/L,1.0μmol/L,2.0μmol/L] were added into the cultures in the asthma group.The healthy control group were not interfered with VitA.The supernatant was collected after 72 h.The levels of interleukin 17 (IL-17),interleukin 10(IL-10) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in the supernatant were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results (1) IL-17 levels produced by PBMC in the asthma group were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group [(960.53±75.59) ng/L vs (425.07±70.71) ng/L,P<0.01],and the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β1 were significantly lower than those in the healthy control group [(53.13±6.94)ng/L vs (84.41±6.02) ng/L,(304.51±51.52) ng/L vs (489.45±73.68) ng/L,all P<0.01].(2) IL-17 levels produced by PBMC in the 0.5μmol/L,1.0μmol/L and 2.0μmol/L VitA concentration of the asthma group [(588.95±44.18)ng/L,(573.13±27.43) ng/L,(686.71±38.98) ng/L] were significantly lower than those in the blank control group[(960.53±75.59) ng/L,all P<0.01],and IL-17 levels in the 2.0 μmol/L VitA concentration were significantly higher than those in 0.5μmol/L and 1.0μmol/L concentration groop (P<0.01).(3) IL-10 levels produced by PBMC in the 0.5μmol/L,1.0μmol/L and 2.0μmol/L VitA concentration of the asthma group [(105.35±10.79) ng/L,(111.21±16.11) ng/L,(81.09±6.05) ng/L] were significantly higher than those in the blank control group[(53.13±6.94) ng/L,all P<0.01],TGF-β1 levels produced by PBMC in the 0.5μmol/L,1.0μmol/L and 2.0μmol/L VitA concentration of the asthma group[(933.01±73.98) ng/L,(1223.31±105.99)ng/L,(776.98±145.44) ng/L] were significantly higher than that in blank control group[(304.51±51.52) ng/L,all P<0.01],and the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β1 in the 0.5 μmol/L and 1.0μmol/L concentration group were significantly higher than those in the 2.0μmol/L concentration group(all P<0.01).The level of TGF-β1 in the 1.0μmol/L concentration group were significantly higher than that in the 0.5μmol/L concentration group (P<0.01).Conclusions The function of Th17 in children with asthma during asthma attack was enhanced,and the function of Treg cells was reduced.The balance disorder of the functions of Th17 and Treg cells occurred.VitA can reduce the function of Th17 in peripheral blood,and enhance the activity of Treg cells in the children with asthma.The physiological level of VitA has the best effect,if high VitA concentration is high its effect is significantly decreased.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 23-26, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491513

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to study the correlation between dental fluorosis, saliva and plaque fluoride levels and urinary fluoride values in adolescents dental fluorosis. Methods A middle school was chosen as a survey point in the study. Two hundred adolescents were examined the degree of dental fluorosis by Dean's method. These adolescents were divided into four groups according to the severity of fluorosis (n = 52, 40, 28 and 80). Fluoride ion specific electrode was used to measure the fluoride levels in dental plaque, saliva, urinary and drinking water. The differences were analyzed b y ANOVA. Correlation of the fluoride levels between dental plaque, saliva, urine and the degree of dental fluorosis were analyzed by the method of multiple linear regression. Results The average fluoride content of drinking water was (2.20 ± 0.40) mg/L. Compared with controls, the fluoride concentrations in dental plaque, saliva and urine were higher in light, medium and severe dental fluorosis groups [(1.55 ± 0.88), (1.94 ± 0.77), (2.74 ± 0.83) than (0.32 ± 0.20) mg/L; (4.44 ± 1.62), (8.09 ± 0.93), (10.72 ± 0.99) than (0.02 ± 0.01) mg/L;(31.77 ± 6.09), (57.98 ± 1.83), (65.98 ± 2.78) than (13.06 ± 2.11) μg/g, all P<0.05]. Urinary fluoride was correlated with fluoride in saliva and dental plaque (r=0.245, 0.440, all P<0.05). Saliva fluoride was correlated with fluoride in dental plaque (r=0.849, P<0.01). The degree of dental fluorosis was correlated with fluoride in urine and saliva (r = 0.497, 0.896, 0.924, all P< 0.01). The multiple linear regression equation between fluoride in urine and the degree of dent al fluorosis, fluoride in dental plaque and saliva was as follow: y = 1.357 + 1.618x1 + 0.001x2 - 0.331x3 ± 0.69. Conclusions The metabolism of fluoride in body is related with oral fluoride repository in adolescents dental fluorosis. Fluoride in urine is influenced by plaque fluoride level, saliva fluoride concentration and the degree of dental fluorosis.

11.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 77-80, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of dental fluorosis on the tooth movement following extraction of adjacent tooth in adoles-cents for orthodontic treatment.Methods:50 adolescents were divided into mild(n =1 3),moderat(n =1 0),severe(n =7)and healthy control(n =20)groups according to the fluorosis severity using Dean's index.4 4 were extracted and appliance was applied. X-ray image was taken 1 week and 1 ,2 and 3 months after appliace activation.Tooth movement was measured cephalometrically by Auto CAD.Results:Tooth moving distance was more(P <0.01 )and the alveolar bone resorption area was smaller in fluorosis group than those in healthy control group(P <0.01 )1 ,2 and 3 months after appliance activation.The moving distance was negativelly relat-ed with bone remodling area(P <0.05).Conclusion:Adolescent dental flurosis play an important role in bone remdodeling in extra-tion sites and tooth movement during orthodontic treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 153-156, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327420

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary edema frequently occurs after severe burn. It not only impairs pulmonary function directly, but also can induce or exacerbate other pulmonary complications such as lung infection, acute lung injury ( ALI), and ARDS. Extravascular lung water (EVLW) is closely related to the pulmonary edema. Dynamical monitor of EVLW has been used to predict and quantify the degree of pulmonary edema clinically. This review focuses on the recent progresses at home and abroad on the formation mechanism, monitoring approach, and prevention and treatment of EVLW after severe burn injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Lung Injury , Burns , Extravascular Lung Water , Pulmonary Edema , Diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index , Shock, Septic , Thermodilution , Trauma Severity Indices
13.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 244-246,250, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600413

ABSTRACT

In order to observe the effects of different culture media and temperature on protoscoleces of Echinococcus multi‐locularis ,they were randomly divided into RPMI‐1640 group ,D‐MEM group and M199 group ,and cultured in three degrees of temperature (4 ,25 and 37 ℃) with 10% fetal calf serum (FCS) .Protoscoleces were counted by light microscope with 0 .1%eosin staining ,and calculated survival rate (per 100 protoscoleces) everyday until all the parasites died .At the same time ,the average number of the preservation days was observed .The experiment results showed that the survival rate of protoscoleces in RPMI‐1640 and D‐MEM groups were higher than that in M199 group (P0 .05) .The survival rate of protoscoleces in RPMI‐1640 group at 4 ℃ and 37 ℃and D‐MEM group at 25 ℃ were higher ,but there was no significant effect of 4 ,25 and 37 ℃ on the survival rate of proto‐scoleces (P>0 .05) .Significant difference were found in the survival rate of protoscoleces on the 3rd day and the 9th day in these three groups (P<0 .05) .The average number of the preservation days were 34 days in RPMI‐1640 group at 4 ℃ ,36 days in D‐MEM group at 25 ℃ and 23 days in M199 group at 4 ℃ .It was concluded that the effects of different culture media and tem‐perature on protoscoleces are different ,and the RPMI‐1640 at 4 ℃ and D‐MEM at 25 ℃ are more suitable for culturing proto‐scoleces in v itro .

14.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 212-217, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468987

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of using proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on the outcomes of hip fracture.Methods Searches were conducted through Medline,Embase,Cochrane Library and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database to identify the studies of the association between PPIs exposure and hip fracture.Quality of studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale.Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) were calculated for the risk of hip fracture associated with current exposure of PPIs.And several subgroups were analyzed by dosing duration,dose,osteoporosis and corticosteroid usage to explore potential study heterogeneities.All statistical analyses were performed with STATA software.Results Among 11 publications included for final analysis,there were a total of 1 107 577 subjects with an average age of over 60 years.A positive relationship existed between PPIs exposure and hip fracture with an OR of 1.46 (95% CI:1.26-1.70,P =0.000) as compared with nonPPI-users,especially those on concurrent corticosteroid and PPIs.A significantly increased risk of hip fracture was found in the group of a short-term duration for under 1 year (OR =1.18,95% CI:1.01-1.38,P =0.041),medium-term for 1-3 years (OR =1.23,95% CI:1.01-1.49,P =0.038) and longer duration for over 6 years (OR =1.38,95% CI:1.27-1.50,P =0.000).Furthermore,concurrent use of PPIs was not associated with an increased risk of hip fracture in a definite dose-response manner.As compared with non-PPI-users,no significantly increased risk of hip fracture was found in PPI-users with osteoporosis (P > 0.05).Publication bias was not present.Conclusions Use of PPIs may be somewhat associated with an increased risk of hip fracture.Considering potential adverse effects,clinicians should prescribe cautiously PPIs for high-risk patients,especially elders.

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Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 890-893, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441597

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the clinical features of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in elderly Chinese patients.Methods A literature search was conducted with the key wordsdrug-induced liver injury ordrug-induced liver disease andelderly; four Chinese medical databases were used:including Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM),Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database (VIP),Wanfang Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),from when the bases established to December 2011.Data from retrieved literatures of retrospective controlled studies of DILI were analyzed by SPSS 14.0 software.Results Five studies met the inclusion criteria,including 275 elderly patients (aged group) and 602 non-elderly patients (non-aged group) with DILL There was no significant difference in gender between the two groups (P > 0.05).Clinical manifestations of jaundice,fatigue,anorexia,and skin itching were more commonly seen in the aged group (P < 0.01).Cholestatic hepatic injury occurred more frequently in the aged group than in the non-aged group [24.9% (61/245) vs.18.8% (102/245),P < 0.05],while hepatocellular type occurred more frequently in the non-aged group [64.3% (350/544) vs.55.1% (135/245),P < 0.05].More DILI were induced by Chinese herb medicine and cardiovascular drugs in the aged group than in the non-aged group [47.0% (79/168) vs.35.9% (93/254) and 8.3% (14/168) vs 1.2% (3/259) respectively,P < 0.05].As for the prognosis,there was no significant difference in clinical cure and improvement rate between the two groups [84.4% (141/167) vs.81.5% (291/357),P >0.05].Conclusion The elderly are more sensitive to the drugs and have a high risk of DILI.Prevention and timely diagnosis and treatment of DILI are particularly important for elderly patients.

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Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 114-117, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434491

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of TLR4/NF-kB signaling pathway in inhibited invasion ability of pancreatic cancer cells caused by triptolide (TP).Methods PANC1 cells were divided into parental cells group,TP group,lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group and TP + LPS group.50 ng/ml of TP was added in culture medium in TP group,and 1 μg/ml of LPS was added in culture medium in LPS group,while 50 ng/ml of TP was pretreated for 2 h and 1 μg/ml of LPS was added in culture medium in TP + LPS group.All the ceils were cultured for 24 h.The TLR4 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) mRNA and protein expression were evaluated by real-time PCR and Western blot.The NF-kB activity was determined by dual-luciferase reporter assay system.The invasion ability of pancreatic cancer cells was evaluated by transwell invasion chamberassay.Results The TLR4 mRNA expressions in parental cells group,TP group,LPS group and TP + LPS group were 0.41 ± 0.06,0.46 ± 0.10,0.20 ± 0.04,0.25 ± 0.06 ; the TLR4 protein expressions were 0.55 ±0.06,0.55 ±0.06,0.18 ±0.04,0.13 ±0.00; the activities of NF-kB were 13.0 ±3.0,31.6 ±4.3,7.3 ±1.5 and 10.8 ± 2.1,and the numbers of invasion cell were (56.8 ± 8.6),(104.5 ± 12.8),(32.0 ± 5.7) and (46.8 ± 7.0) ; the MMP-9 mRNA expressions were 0.36 ± 0.05,0.58 ± 0.07,0.18 ± 0.03,0.30 ± 0.004 ;the MMP-9 protein expressions were 0.31 ± 0.04,0.53 ± 0.08,0.11 ± 0.02,0.15 ± 0.00.In LPS group,TLR4 mRNA and protein expressions were not statistic significant when compared with those in parental cells group,but the activities of NF-kB,the numbers of invasion cell,MMP 9 mRNA and protein expressions were statistically increased when compared with those in parental cells group (t =8.654,7.593,6.655,4.982,P <0.01).TLR4 mRNA and protein expressions,activities of NF-kB,the numbers of invasion cell,MMP 9 mRNA and protein expressions in TP group were significantly lower than those in parental cells group (t =-7.609,-9.948,-4.176,-5.915,-8.179,-9.948,P< 0.01).TLR4 mRNA and protein expressions,activities of NF-kB,the numbers of invasion cell,MMP 9 mRNA and protein expressions in TP +LPS group were significantly lower than those in LPS group (t =-4.437,-14.805,-10.506,-9.700,-9.055,-8.932,P< 0.01).Conclusions TP can inhibit pancreatic cancer cell invasion,and the mechanism is related to the inhibition of TLR4/NF-kB signaling pathway and down-regulation of MMP-9 expression.

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Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 155-159, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431377

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Objective To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its influencing factors in patients with gastric remnant cancer (GRC).Methods A total of 130 patients received gastrectomy more than 10 years ago because of early gastric cancer.According to the gastric remnant canceration after the surgery,patients were divided into GRC group (80 cases) and gastric remnant group (50 cases).Both the patients of these two groups accepted questionnaires of cancer patients' quality of life questionnaire (QLQ) C30 and gastric cancer specific questionnaire QLQ-STO22,the HRQoL were evaluated.The comparison between two groups with normal distribution of data was aralyzed by t test.Wilcoxon rank sum test was applied for the comparison between two groups with non-normal distribution of data.Optimal scaling regression analysis was used for screening HRQoL related clinical influencing factors.Results All the research objectives finished the questionnaires survey.Compared with health control group,the scores of GRC group were lower,which included quality of life evaluation,physical function,role function,emotional function,cognitive function and social function,and the differences were statistically significant (t =-6.678,-7.111,-10.605,-5.748,-4.765 and-21.170,all P<0.01).The scores of fatigue,pain,diarrhea,nausea and vomiting,loss of appetite,economic difficulties,dysphagia,abdominal pain,reflux symptoms,diet restricted,anxiety,physical appearance and hair loss were higher,and the differences were significant (t=6.925,4.218,4.728 and Z=-5.236,-7.890,-7.698,-10.058,-3.612,-6.914,-9.711,9.940,-7.987 and-4.966,all P<0.01).Compared with gastric remnant group,the scores of GRC group were lower,which included quality of life evaluation,physical function,role function,emotional function,cognitive function and social function,and the differences were statistically significant (t=-5.861,-5.821,-7.077,-7.999,-2.808and-5.710,all P<0.01).However the scores of fatigue,pain,diarrhea,nausea and vomiting,loss of appetite,economic difficulties,dysphagia,diet restricted,anxiety,physical appearance and hair loss were higher,and the differences were significant (t=9.363,6.842 and Z=-2.654,-6.256,-3.266,-4.132,-2.854,-7.996,-4.258 and-2.005,all P<0.01).Compared with health control group,the score of social function of gastric remnant group was lower and the difference was significant (t =-9.820,P< 0.01); the scores of diarrhea,nausea and vomiting,economic difficulties,dysphagia,reflux symptoms,diet restricted,physical appearance and hair loss were higher,the differences were statistical significant (t=3.020 and Z=-1.981,-3.775,-6.505,-6.098,-8.032,-3.369 and-3.147,all P<0.05) ; the symptom scores of fatigue and pain were lower,the differences were significant (t=-2.890 and-2.439,all P<0.05).HRQoL of patients was positively correlated with education degree,marital status,family income and the disease course of gastric remnant.Conclusions HRQoL of GRC patients decreased to certain degree.Education degree,marital status,family income and the disease course of gastric remnant were the influential factors of HRQoL in GRC patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 669-673, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428958

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Objective To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of 13C urea breath test (13C-UBT)in the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in patients with gastric remnant.Methods A total of 94 gastric remnant patients (gastric remnant group) and 100 non-gastric remnant patients (control group) received 13C-UBT.According to the course of the disease,the gastric remnant group were divided into group 1 (29 cases,≤5 years),group 2 (33 cases,6 to 10 years) and group 3 (32cases,>10 years).Before surgery,the diagnosis of Hp infection was according to 13C-UBT and gastric mucosa tissue staining.After surgery,the diagnosis was according to gastric mucosa tissue staining.The applying value of 13C-UBT in gastric remnant patients was evaluated.The consistency of results between 13C-UBT and gastric mucosa tissue staining were evaluated by the Kappa test.Results In gastric remnant group,the Hp infection rate after surgery (37.2%) was obviously lower than that before operation (79.8%;x2 =35.058,P<0.01) and that of control group (77.0%).After surgery,the Hp infection rate of patients with Billroth Ⅱ gastrectomy (24.4%) was lower than that of patients with Billroth Ⅰ gastrectomy (47.2% ; x2 =5.133,P=0.023).Before surgery,the Hp infection rate of gastric remnant subgroups were similar (P>0.05).With the extension of the postoperative course,the Hp infection rate gradually decreased in gastric remnant subgroups (group 1:58.6%,group 2:36.4%,group 3:18.8%; x2=7.839,P=0.021).Setting the cut-off point at 2.0‰ in the gastric remnant group and 3.5‰ in the control group,the accuracy rate of diagnosis was the highest (92.6% and 96.0%).There was good consistency between the results of 13C-UBT and gastric mucosa tissue staining (Kappa =0.84,P<0.01).Conclusion With suitable operation and standard,13C-UBT may be a easy,safe and effective assay applied in the gastric remnant patients.

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Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 41-44, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382933

ABSTRACT

Objective Some features, as numbers, morphology and distribution, of the Langerhans cells (LC) with various surface marker infiltrating in the lesion of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) were explored in order to apply some experimental data for assessment of the roles of LCs in the cutaneous tumor immunity.Methods Expression of CD1a, S-100 and HLA-DR on the surface of infiltrating LC of 30 cases of BCC and 15 cases of normal skin tissues were investigated by immunohistochemistry. The expression qualities were studied with computer image analysis system. Results It was observed that CD1a+ LC distributed mainly in tumor nest compared with the control group, CD1a+ LC in BCC revealed morphological changes: the dendrites shortened or disappeared. The density of CD1a+ LC, detected by cell number counting as well as staining strength scanning, showed a statistic difference between the control group and BCC (P <0.05). S-100(+)LC spread evenly throughout BCC lesions. The number of cell dendrites as well as its length increased markedly.The cell number as well as the staining strength in BCC lesions increased markedly compared with the control group (P <0.05). HLA-DR(+)LC infiltrated mainly around the located tumor. This kind of LC in the lesion did not show significant differences compared with the controls (P >0.05). Conclusion LC showed differences between BCC lesion and normal skin tissues. The alterations in numbers, morphology and distribution of LC with various markers in the lesion of BCC supplied special local cellular immunity status, resulting in disable metastasis and good prognosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 953-957, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422971

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ObjectiveTo investigate the protective effects of panax quinquefolium 20s-protopanaxtriol saponins (PQTS) on ventricular remodeling in rats with pressure overloaded hypertrophic myocardium.Methods Wister rats were randomly divided into operation,model,positive captopril,and low,moderate,high PQTS groups.The model of pressure overload-induced ventricular remodeling was established through the method of rat's abdominal aorta deligation.After 6 weeks of PQTS treatment ( 12.5,25.0 and 50.0 mg · kg-1 · d-1,i.p),myocardial morphological and hemodynamic parameters were determined.The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD)in serum,and the concentrations of prostacycline (PGI2),thromboxane A2 (TXA2),endothelium (ET) and angiotensin Ⅱ( Ang Ⅱ ) in plasma were also determined.ResultsCompared with remodeling group,PQTS could inhibit myocardial pathological changes,decrease significantly ventricular weight and cardiac coefficient,increase significantly systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,mean arterial pressure,left ventricular systolic pressure and the maximum left ventricular pressure rising and dropping rates(dp/dtmax),reduce the heart rate and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure in ventricular remodeling rats.PQTS could also decrease the content of MDA and enhance significantly activity of SOD in serum.In addition,PQTS could decline the contents of ET,Ang Ⅱ and TXA2 in plasma while increase significantly the content of PGI2 in plasma and PGI2/TXA2 ratio(P<0.05 or P<0.01).ConclusionsPQTS has protective effects on ventricular remodeling through improving systolic and diastolic function in ventricular remodeling rats,increasing anti-oxidase activity,reducing the damage of free radicals and vasoactive substance onmyocardium,and correcting disequilibrium of PGI2/TXA2 in ventricular remodeling rats.

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