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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463813

ABSTRACT

Toad venom as a Chinese traditional natural medicine with a kind of effective chemical components has been widely used for many disease.Recently more and more research was focused on its remarkable antitumor efforts, new studies have found that the mechanism was closely associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress,tumor-related inflammation, autophagy, mitochondria-induced apoptosis pathway, heat chock protein and immuneomodulatory.In this article we reviewed the antitumor research advances of toad venom and its active compounds from several aspects mentioned above.

2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 409-16, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457158

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to analyze how patients with chronic diseases from Shanghai interpret their disease, and how these interpretations influence patients' life satisfaction, intention to escape from their illness and their ability to reflect on the implications of their illness.

3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 106-15, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450035

ABSTRACT

Even in secular societies, a small portion of patients find their spirituality to help cope with illness. But for the majority of patients, psychosocial and spiritual needs are neither addressed nor even considered a relevant factor by health care professionals. To measure such specific needs, the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) was developed. The aim of this study was to validate the Chinese version of the SpNQ (SpNQ-Ch) and thus to measure psychosocial and spiritual needs of Chinese patients.

4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 90-100, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450034

ABSTRACT

Disease recurrence is a main challenge in treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). There is no generally accepted method for preventing recurrence of HCC after resection.

5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 525-31, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448802

ABSTRACT

To study the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome distribution in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Qidong region of Jiangsu Province, China.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379893

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of minimal incision laparotomy assisted endoscopic resection for polyps in small intestine in patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Methods The clinical data of patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, who underwent minimal incision laparotomy assisted endoscopic resection for polyps in small intestine, were retrospectively studied. The size and number of the endoscopically rosected polyps, and the procedure related complications were documented. Results A total of 812 polyps in small-bowel were resected in 8 patients, in which 384 were smaller than 10mm, 356 with diameter ranging from 11 mm to 30mm, and 72 were larger than 30mm in diameter. Procedure related complications included intestinal dysfunction in 1 patient and abdominal pain in another. No bleeding with a fall in Hb or other severe complications were observed. Conclusion Minimal incision laparotomy assisted endoscopic resectio is a safe and reliable procedure for the treatment of mid-small bowel polyps in patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. It revolutionizes the therapeutic options for polyps in the region of the mid-small bowel and limits the indications for primary surgical management.

7.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 228-31, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450189

ABSTRACT

To observe the effects of cinobufacini injection on serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and adrenaline (ADR) in rats, and to speculate the property (cold or heat) of the drug.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To construct a system of therapeutic effect evaluation for patients with primary liver cancer according to the theory of syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and to examine its reliability. METHODS: Analytic hierarchy process and 100 mm surveyor's rod method were applied to obtain bottom layer and top level syndromes, which were used to construct the method of therapeutic effect evaluation, and its reliability was verified in clinical practice by comparing with some evaluation criteria in Western medicine, such as cancer severity scale; Karnofsky performance scale; Child-Pugh classification, cancer staging classification, and quality of life scale, etc. RESULTS: A system of therapeutic effect evaluation was constructed, and it could reflect the progress of tumor, changes of hepatic function and constitution. The evaluation scores acquired from the system were highly associated with the quality of life of the patients. CONCLUSION: The system of therapeutic effect evaluation can reflect the severity of disease and the characteristics of TCM treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449569

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation between the width of lingual varix and changes of hemodynamics of portal system in patients with primary liver cancer so as to supply the data for the forecast of portal hypertension by observing lingual varix. METHODS: The diameter of lingual vein (Dlv) was measured by vernier caliper as dependent variable, and the diameters and indexes of hemodynamics of portal vessels were measured by Doppler as independent variables, then a multipe stepwise analysis was performed. RESULTS: The diameters of portal vein (Dpv) and splenic vein (Dsv) entered the formula Dlv (mm) = 0.185 + 0.311 Dsv (mm) + 0.236 Dpv (mm) when the entry and removal values were alpha(in)=0.10 and alpha(out)=0.15, respectively. CONCLUSION: The width of lingual vein is closely correlated with the diameters of portal vein and splenic vein in patients with primary liver cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449826

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a staging standard for a transplanted hepatoma model in rats, which may be equivalent to the human primary liver cancer. METHODS: A transplanted hepatoma model was made in SD rats by implantation of histologically intact Walker-256 tumor fragment into the left lateral lobe of the liver. The body weight, tumor volume and serum albumin level of the rats were measured and assayed in different periods. Pathological sections were also fabricated to detect the invasion and metastasis of the neighboring tissues. RESULTS: The body weight loss and ascites occurred at the 12th and 18th day separately. The serum albumin level was (35.32+/-2.45) g/L at the 11th day, which showed no statistical difference as compared with the healthy rats (P>0.05), and the albumin level at the 18th day was significantly lower than that at the 11th day (P<0.05). At the 23rd day, 56.25% of the rats developed bloody ascites. CONCLUSION: The period between 5-11 days in the model rats may be correspondent to the early stage of human primary liver cancer, and the biological behavior of the model rats at the18th day may be correspondent to the late stage of human primary liver cancer. This staging standard might be the guideline for model selection in experimental study of primary liver cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To work out a qualitative diagnostic criterion for basic syndromes of traditional Chinese medicine in patients with primary liver cancer. METHODS: Based on the collection and analysis of related medical literature, clinical investigation, and experts' discussion, a preliminary qualitative diagnostic criterion for basic syndromes of traditional Chinese medicine in patients with primary liver cancer was formulated. Then it was used in clinic to be verified and revised repeatedly till it was improved to be a satisfied formal criterion. RESULTS: The basic syndromes listed in the qualitative diagnostic criterion for basic syndromes in patients with primary liver cancer consisted of two parts: excessive syndromes, including the syndromes of stagnation of qi, blood stasis, excess-heat and dampness, and deficient syndromes, including the syndromes of deficiency of qi, deficiency of blood, deficiency of yin and deficiency of yang. Each of the above syndromes could be diagnosed according to specific combination of its corresponding symptoms or signs. The clinical verification results showed that the total matching ratio was 73.92% between the diagnoses made according to the criterion and the diagnoses acquired from the experts' experience. CONCLUSIONS: The qualitative diagnostic criterion for basic syndromes of traditional Chinese medicine in patients with primary liver cancer is coincident with the experts' clinical practice. However, it needs to be further studied.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449956

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of cinobufacini injection in treating moderate and advanced primary liver cancer (PLC). METHODS: One hundred patients with moderate and advanced PLC were randomly divided into cino-treated group (50 patients) and control group (50 patients). The quality of life, tumor size, some changes of laboratory tests, and survival time were observed. RESULTS: The progressive rate of cino-treated group (18%) was lower than that of the control group (32%). The quality of life of the cino-treated group (80%) was better than that of the control group (72%), but without statistical significance. The survival rate of >12 months of the cino-treated group (30%) was higher than that of the control group (18%). The patients' liver function such as serum total bilirubin and ALT decreased obviously in the cino-treated group while increased a lot in the control group. The level of AFP increased after treatment with statistical significance in the control group while there was no statistical significance in the cino-treated group. CONCLUSION: Cinobufacini injection can not only inhibit the proliferation of cancer, but also protect liver function, improve quality of life and prolong survival time.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-677450

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects of norcantharidin poloxamer 407(NCTD P407) slow released preparation on advanced primary liver cancer by local intratumoral injection. Methods: Fifty six advanced primary liver cancer patients with maximum diameter from 6 to 12 cm were randomly divided into test and control groups. Patients in test group (29 case) were treated by NCTD 407 intratumoral injection under ultrasonic and patients in control group (27 case) by PEI (percutaneous intratumoral absolute ethanol injection). Clinical therapeutic effects were observed respectively and compared. Results: Twelve months survival rates of patients in 2 groups were significantly different, being 31.0% in test group and 22.2% in control group ( P 0.05) in 2 groups. No evident poisonous and side effects were found in either test or control group. Conclusion: NTCD P407 administration exhibits therapeutic effects in relatively big advanced liver cancer because of the high concentration and prolonged action in the tumor foci, its comprehensive therapeutic effect is better than that of absolute ethanol administration. [

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-576784

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the reversal effect on acquired multidrug resistance (MDR) of human hepatocellular caricinoma (HCC) by Ganli Injection. Methods Proliferative inhibition rate of HCC BEL-7402/5-Fu cell line and reversal index of 5-Fu acquired MDR were measured by MTT assay. Cell morphological changes were observed under inverted microscope and Wright-Giemsa stain method. Fluorescence intensity of Adriamycin (ADM) was detected by Flow cytometry. Results HCC BEL-7402/5-Fu cell line exhibited cross-resistance to general chemotherapeutics in clinic. Proliferative inhibition rates of HCC BEL-7402/5-Fu cell line treated for 72 h by Ganli Injection at the (matrine) concentration of 0.230, 0.115, 0.058 mg/mL were (9.25?2.38)%, (8.46?1.90)%, and (4.23?2.05)%, respectively. The corresponding reversal indexes to 5-Fu were 5.50, 3.83, and 2.25. Pre-treatment of Galli Injection at the concentration of 0.230 mg/mL for 2 h could increase the accumulation of ADM in cells to 38.61%.Conclusion Ganli Injection has the effect on reversing 5-Fu acquired MDR of human hepatocellular carcinoma in vitro.

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